Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video on Demand Systems

Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video on Demand Systems
Author: Wu-Chi Feng
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 133
Release: 2007-08-26
ISBN: 0585314039
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video on Demand Systems Book Excerpt:

Many emerging technologies such as video conferencing, video-on-demand, and digital libraries require the efficient delivery of compressed video streams. For applications that require the delivery of compressed stored multimedia streams, the a priori knowledge available about these compressed streams can aid in the allocation of server and network resources. By using a client-side buffer, the resource requirements from the server and network can be minimized. Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems presents a comprehensive description of buffering techniques for the delivery of compressed, prerecorded multimedia data. While these techniques can be applied to any compressed data streams, this book focusses primarily on the delivery of video streams because of the large resource requirements that they can consume. The book first describes buffering techniques for the continuous playback of stored video sources. In particular, several bandwidth smoothing (or buffering) algorithms that are provably optimal under certain conditions are presented. To provide a well-rounded discussion, the book then describes extensions that aid in the ability to provide interactive delivery of video across networks. Specifically, reservation techniques that take into account interactive functions such as fast-forward and rewind are described. In addition, extensions to the bandwidth smoothing algorithms presented in the first few chapters are described. These algorithms are designed with interactive, continuous playback of stored video in mind and are also provably optimal under certain constraints. Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems serves as an excellent resource for multimedia systems, networking and video-on-demand designers, and may be used as a text for advanced courses on the topic.

Buffering

Buffering
Author: Hannah Hart
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2016-11-10
ISBN: 0751568651
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Buffering Book Excerpt:

By combing through the journals that Hannah has kept for much of her life, this collection of narrative essays deliver a fuller picture of her life, her experiences, and the things she's figured out about family, faith, love, sexuality, self-worth, friendship and fame. Revealing what makes Hannah tick, this sometimes cringe-worthy, poignant collection of stories is sure to deliver plenty of Hannah's wit and wisdom, and hopefully encourage you to try your hand at her patented brand of reckless optimism. Personal note: Hello, my darlings! I am incredibly pleased to present BUFFERING: Unshared Tales of a Life Fully Loaded! As a big fan of memoirs, I wanted to try my hand at writing about the events of my life that deserve a little more consideration than can be accomplished in 140-characters or a 6-minute vlog. Now on the cusp of turning 30, I'm ready to expose some parts of my life that I haven't shared before. Before, it was all about privacy, process and time. And now the time has come! I'm ready to put myself out there, for you. I'm a little nervous about all these vulnerable words going into the world, these tales about my love life, the wrestling I've done with faith, how I feel about sex and my family and myself. I've had a lot of trials, a lot of errors, but also a lot of passion. Here's the thing - I've always found comfort in the stories shared by others, so I hope my stories, now that I feel ready to tell them, will bring you some comfort too. And when you read this book please remember: Buffering is just the time it takes to process. Enjoy! Love, Hannah

Nutritional Buffering Strategies to Improve Exercise Capacity and Performance

Nutritional Buffering Strategies to Improve Exercise Capacity and Performance
Author: Bryan Saunders,Lars R. McNaughton,Jason Siegler
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-05-18
ISBN: 2889667782
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nutritional Buffering Strategies to Improve Exercise Capacity and Performance Book Excerpt:

Specifications for Identity and Purity of Buffering Agents Salts Emulsifiers Thickening Agents Stabilizers Flavouring Agents Food Colours Sweetening Agents and Miscellaneous Food Additives

Specifications for Identity and Purity of Buffering Agents  Salts  Emulsifiers  Thickening Agents  Stabilizers  Flavouring Agents  Food Colours  Sweetening Agents  and Miscellaneous Food Additives
Author: Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives,Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Meeting
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 229
Release: 1982
ISBN: 9789251012390
Category: Food
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Specifications for Identity and Purity of Buffering Agents Salts Emulsifiers Thickening Agents Stabilizers Flavouring Agents Food Colours Sweetening Agents and Miscellaneous Food Additives Book Excerpt:

Soil Analysis

Soil Analysis
Author: Kenneth Ian Peverill,L. A. Sparrow,Douglas J. Reuter
Publsiher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Total Pages: 369
Release: 1999-01-01
ISBN: 0643063765
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Analysis Book Excerpt:

Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual is a practical guide to soil tests. It considers what soil tests are, when they can be used reliably and consistently, and discusses what limits their application. It is the first nationally accepted publication that is appropriate for Australian soils and conditions. The first three chapters review the general principles and concepts of soil testing, factors affecting soil test interpretation and soil sampling and handling procedures. The next two chapters describe morphological indicators of soil and include colour plates of major Australian agricultural soils. These are followed by a series of chapters which present soil test calibration data for individual elements or a related group of tests such as the range of soil tests used to interpret soil acidity. Each of these chapters also summarises the reactions of the particular element or parameter in the soil and describes the tests commonly used in Australia. The final chapter presents a structured approach to nutrient management and making fertiliser recommendations using soil test data. The manual will be of particular interest to soil and environmental scientists, farm advisers, consultants and primary producers who will find the manual an essential reference to understanding and interpreting soil test data. Many of the soil tests evaluated in the book are used throughout the world. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual was commissioned and developed by the Australian Soil and Plant Analysis Council (ASPAC). It comprises the work of 37 experts, which has been extensively peer reviewed.

Trauma

Trauma
Author: William C. Wilson,Christopher M. Grande,David B. Hoyt
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1384
Release: 2007-02-05
ISBN: 1420016849
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trauma Book Excerpt:

Compiled by internationally recognized experts in trauma critical care,this sourcediscusses the entire gamut of critical care management of the trauma patient and covers several common complications and conditions treated in surgical intensive care units that are not specifically related to trauma. Utilizing evidence-based guidelines where they ex

Computer Graphics Through OpenGL

Computer Graphics Through OpenGL
Author: Sumanta Guha
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 951
Release: 2014-08-06
ISBN: 1482258404
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Graphics Through OpenGL Book Excerpt:

From geometric primitives to animation to 3D modeling to lighting, shading, and texturing, Computer Graphics Through OpenGL®: From Theory to Experiments, Second Edition presents a comprehensive introduction to computer graphics that uses an active learning style to teach key concepts. Equally emphasizing theory and practice, the book provides an understanding not only of the principles of 3D computer graphics, but also the use of the OpenGL® Application Programming Interface (API) to code 3D scenes and animation, including games and movies. The undergraduate core of the book is a one-semester sequence taking the student from zero knowledge of computer graphics to a mastery of the fundamental concepts with the ability to code applications using fourth-generation OpenGL. The remaining chapters explore more advanced topics, including the structure of curves and surfaces and the application of projective spaces and transformations. New to the Second Edition 30 more programs, 50 more experiments, and 50 more exercises Two new chapters on OpenGL 4.3 shaders and the programmable pipeline Coverage of: Vertex buffer and array objects Occlusion culling and queries and conditional rendering Texture matrices Multitexturing and texture combining Multisampling Point sprites Image and pixel manipulation Pixel buffer objects Shadow mapping Web Resource The book’s website at www.sumantaguha.com provides program source code that runs on various platforms. It includes a guide to installing OpenGL and executing the programs, special software to help run the experiments, and figures from the book. The site also contains an instructor’s manual with solutions to 100 problems (for qualifying instructors only).

GIS

GIS
Author: Knut Grinderud
Publsiher: Tapir Academic Press
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2009
ISBN: 9788251924269
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GIS Book Excerpt:

Today, few texts offer a comprehensive overview of geographic information systems (GIS). The literature common in academic circles is highly technical and pays little attention to the role GIS plays as a tool in the planning and shaping of society and the world around us. The contributors to this book feel strongly about the potential inherent in the concepts and methodologies that make up a GIS. Similarly, the contributors are aware of the limitations of the uniformly technical and structural approach that dominates discussions about GIS in many professional circles. This book is a guide and an educational, easy-to-understand journey that introduces the concepts and methodologies that lie behind today's GIS. It makes GIS both more familiar and more relevant to a far broader section of the professional circles which plan, organize, and shape our surroundings.

Acid Mine Drainage Rock Drainage and Acid Sulfate Soils

Acid Mine Drainage  Rock Drainage  and Acid Sulfate Soils
Author: James A. Jacobs,Jay H. Lehr,Stephen M. Testa
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2014-04-28
ISBN: 0470487860
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Acid Mine Drainage Rock Drainage and Acid Sulfate Soils Book Excerpt:

Provides the tools needed to analyze and solve acid drainage problems Featuring contributions from leading experts in science and engineering, this book explores the complex biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage, rock drainage, and acid sulfate soils. It describes how to predict, prevent, and remediate the environmental impact of acid drainage and the oxidation of sulfides, offering the latest sampling and analytical methods. Moreover, readers will discover new approaches for recovering valuable resources from acid mine drainage, including bioleaching. Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils reviews the most current findings in the field, offering new insights into the underlying causes as well as new tools to minimize the harm of acid drainage: Part I: Causes of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils focuses on the biogeochemistry of acid drainage in different environments. Part II: Assessment of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils covers stream characterization, aquatic and biological sampling, evaluation of aquatic resources, and some unusual aspects of sulfide oxidation. Part III: Prediction and Prevention of Acid Drainage discusses acid-base accounting, kinetic testing, block modeling, petrology, and mineralogy studies. It also explains relevant policy and regulations. Part IV: Remediation of Acid Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils examines both passive and active cleanup methods to remediate acid drainage. Case studies from a variety of geologic settings highlight various approaches to analyzing and solving acid drainage problems. Replete with helpful appendices and an extensive list of web resources, Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils is recommended for mining engineers and scientists, regulatory officials, environmental scientists, land developers, and students.

Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment

Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment
Author: W. Richard Stevens,Stephen A. Rago
Publsiher: Addison-Wesley
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2013-06-10
ISBN: 032163800X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment Book Excerpt:

For more than twenty years, serious C programmers have relied on one book for practical, in-depth knowledge of the programming interfaces that drive the UNIX and Linux kernels: W. Richard Stevens’ Advanced Programming in the UNIX® Environment . Now, once again, Rich’s colleague Steve Rago has thoroughly updated this classic work. The new third edition supports today’s leading platforms, reflects new technical advances and best practices, and aligns with Version 4 of the Single UNIX Specification. Steve carefully retains the spirit and approach that have made this book so valuable. Building on Rich’s pioneering work, he begins with files, directories, and processes, carefully laying the groundwork for more advanced techniques, such as signal handling and terminal I/O. He also thoroughly covers threads and multithreaded programming, and socket-based IPC. This edition covers more than seventy new interfaces, including POSIX asynchronous I/O, spin locks, barriers, and POSIX semaphores. Most obsolete interfaces have been removed, except for a few that are ubiquitous. Nearly all examples have been tested on four modern platforms: Solaris 10, Mac OS X version 10.6.8 (Darwin 10.8.0), FreeBSD 8.0, and Ubuntu version 12.04 (based on Linux 3.2). As in previous editions, you’ll learn through examples, including more than ten thousand lines of downloadable, ISO C source code. More than four hundred system calls and functions are demonstrated with concise, complete programs that clearly illustrate their usage, arguments, and return values. To tie together what you’ve learned, the book presents several chapter-length case studies, each reflecting contemporary environments. Advanced Programming in the UNIX® Environment has helped generations of programmers write code with exceptional power, performance, and reliability. Now updated for today’s systems, this third edition will be even more valuable.

Introduction to Network Simulator NS2

Introduction to Network Simulator NS2
Author: Teerawat Issariyakul,Ekram Hossain
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2008-12-10
ISBN: 0387717609
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Network Simulator NS2 Book Excerpt:

An Introduction to Network Simulator NS2 is a beginners’ guide for network simulator NS2, an open-source discrete event simulator designed mainly for networking research. NS2 has been widely accepted as a reliable simulation tool for computer communication networks both in academia and industry. This book will present two fundamental NS2 concepts:i) how objects (e.g., nodes, links, queues, etc.) are assembled to create a network and ii) how a packet flows from one object to another. Based on these concepts, this book will demonstrate through examples how new modules can be incorporated into NS2. The book will: -Give an overview on simulation and communication networks. -Provide general information (e.g., installation, key features, etc.) about NS2. -Demonstrate how to set up a simple network simulation scenario using Tcl scripting lanuage. -Explain how C++ and OTcl (Object oriented Tcl) are linked, and constitute NS2. -Show how Ns2 interprets a Tcl Script and executes it. -Suggest post simulation processing approaches and identify their pros and cons. -Present a number of NS2 extension examples. -Discuss how to incorporate MATLAB into NS2.

Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology

Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology
Author: André O. Barel,Marc Paye,Howard I. Maibach
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 725
Release: 2014-04-09
ISBN: 1842145657
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology Book Excerpt:

Written by experienced and internationally renowned contributors, this is the fourth edition of what has become the standard reference for cosmetic scientists and dermatologists seeking the latest innovations and technology for the formulation, design, testing, use, and production of cosmetic products for skin, hair, and nails. New to this fourth e

Contemporary Leadership Behavior

Contemporary Leadership Behavior
Author: Eleanor C. Hein,M. Jean Nicholson
Publsiher: Scott Foresman & Company
Total Pages: 471
Release: 1990
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Leadership.
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contemporary Leadership Behavior Book Excerpt:

Biochemistry and Oral Biology

Biochemistry and Oral Biology
Author: A. S. Cole,J. E. Eastoe
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 570
Release: 2014-06-28
ISBN: 1483183718
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biochemistry and Oral Biology Book Excerpt:

Biochemistry and Oral Biology presents a unique exposition of biochemistry suitable for dental students. It discusses the structural basis of metabolism and the general principles of nutrition. It addresses the soft tissues, hard tissues, and the biology of the mouth. Some of the topics covered in the book are the free radical production; scope of biochemistry; characteristics of atoms; structure and properties of water; molecular building materials; ionization of proteins; affinity chromatography of proteins; structural organization of globular proteins; classification of enzymes; and biochemically important sugar derivatives. The naturally occurring fatty acids are fully covered. The nucleic acid components are discussed in detail. The text describes in depth the energy equivalents of different nutrients. The physiological effects of dietary fiber vitamin D deficiency are completely presented. A chapter is devoted to the alternative methods of fluoride administration and description of vitamins. The book can provide useful information to dental students, and researchers.

Computer Animation

Computer Animation
Author: Rick Parent
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 542
Release: 2012-10-18
ISBN: 0124159737
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Animation Book Excerpt:

Driven by demand from the entertainment industry for better and more realistic animation, technology continues to evolve and improve. The algorithms and techniques behind this technology are the foundation of this comprehensive book, which is written to teach you the fundamentals of animation programming. In this third edition, the most current techniques are covered along with the theory and high-level computation that have earned the book a reputation as the best technically-oriented animation resource. Key topics such as fluids, hair, and crowd animation have been expanded, and extensive new coverage of clothes and cloth has been added. New material on simulation provides a more diverse look at this important area and more example animations and chapter projects and exercises are included. Additionally, spline coverage has been expanded and new video compression and formats (e.g., iTunes) are covered. Includes companion site with contemporary animation examples drawn from research and entertainment, sample animations, and example code Describes the key mathematical and algorithmic foundations of animation that provide you with a deep understanding and control of technique Expanded and new coverage of key topics including: fluids and clouds, cloth and clothes, hair, and crowd animation Explains the algorithms used for path following, hierarchical kinematic modelling, rigid body dynamics, flocking behaviour, particle systems, collision detection, and more

The C Standard Library

The C   Standard Library
Author: Nicolai M. Josuttis
Publsiher: Addison-Wesley Professional
Total Pages: 1099
Release: 2012
ISBN: 0321623215
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The C Standard Library Book Excerpt:

A proven best-seller, updated for the new standard: still the most practical C++ Standard Library tutorial and most complete reference * *Thoroughly documents each library component incorporated in the brand-new C++ standard. *Clearly explains complex concepts, and presents the practical detail programmers need to use the Standard Library effectively. *Contains many examples of working code, all available for download at an accompanying website. The C++ Standard Library, 2/e, doesn't just provide comprehensive documentation of every library component associated with the newest C++ standard: it also offers clearly-written explanations of complex concepts, reviews practical programming details needed for effective use, and presents many useful examples of working code - all of them available for download. Fully updated to reflect the newest elements of the C++ Standard Library incorporated into the full ANSI/ISO C++ language standard, this book examines containers, iterators, function objects, STL algorithms, special containers, strings, numerical classes, internationalization, the IOStream library, and much more. Every component is presented in depth: Josuttis explains its purpose and design, presents crystal-clear examples, identifies traps and pitfalls, and offers exact signatures and definitions of its classes and functions. Comprehensive, detailed, readable, and practical, Josuttis' The C++ Standard Library has established itself as the definitive book on the topic: working developers will find this new edition even more useful.

Systems Programming in Unix Linux

Systems Programming in Unix Linux
Author: K.C. Wang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2018-08-27
ISBN: 331992429X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systems Programming in Unix Linux Book Excerpt:

Covering all the essential components of Unix/Linux, including process management, concurrent programming, timer and time service, file systems and network programming, this textbook emphasizes programming practice in the Unix/Linux environment. Systems Programming in Unix/Linux is intended as a textbook for systems programming courses in technically-oriented Computer Science/Engineering curricula that emphasize both theory and programming practice. The book contains many detailed working example programs with complete source code. It is also suitable for self-study by advanced programmers and computer enthusiasts. Systems programming is an indispensable part of Computer Science/Engineering education. After taking an introductory programming course, this book is meant to further knowledge by detailing how dynamic data structures are used in practice, using programming exercises and programming projects on such topics as C structures, pointers, link lists and trees. This book provides a wide range of knowledge about computer systemsoftware and advanced programming skills, allowing readers to interface with operatingsystem kernel, make efficient use of system resources and develop application software.It also prepares readers with the needed background to pursue advanced studies inComputer Science/Engineering, such as operating systems, embedded systems, databasesystems, data mining, artificial intelligence, computer networks, network security,distributed and parallel computing.

3D Math Primer for Graphics and Game Development

3D Math Primer for Graphics and Game Development
Author: Fletcher Dunn,Ian Parberry
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 846
Release: 2011-11-02
ISBN: 1498759890
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Math Primer for Graphics and Game Development Book Excerpt:

This engaging book presents the essential mathematics needed to describe, simulate, and render a 3D world. Reflecting both academic and in-the-trenches practical experience, the authors teach you how to describe objects and their positions, orientations, and trajectories in 3D using mathematics. The text provides an introduction to mathematics for

NETWORKING 2010

NETWORKING 2010
Author: Mark Crovella,Laura Marie Feeney,Dan Rubenstein,S.V. Raghavan
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2010-04-26
ISBN: 3642129633
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NETWORKING 2010 Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th IFIP-TC6 Networking Conference, Networking 2010. Papers were solicited in three broad topic areas: applications and services, network technologies, and internet design. All papers were considered on their merits by a uni?ed Technical ProgramCommittee (TPC); there was no attempt to enforce a quota among topic areas. We believe the resulting program is an excellentrepresentationofthebreadthofrecentadvancesinnetworkingresearch. This year, the conference received 101 full paper submissions from 23 co- trieson?vecontinents,re?ectingastrongdiversityinthenetworkingcommunity. Similarly, the 92 members of the TPC are from 21 countries and include a mix of academic, industry, and governmental a?liations. The TPC members, aided by some 50 external reviewers, provided a total of 470 reviews and follow-up discussions totaling more than 200 messages. The ?nal selections were made at a TPC meeting hosted by Columbia University in New York City, with both in-person and remote participation. In total, authors of accepted papers have academic and industry a?liations in 15 countries. We ?nally selected 24papers for presentationduring the conference technical sessions. A small number of papers were assigned a shepherd from the TPC to assist in paper revision. These statistics represent an acceptance rate of just under 24%, comparable to that of previous years. The TPC also identi?ed several papers that re?ect particularly promising early results; these papers were selected for presentation as work-in-progress papers and are identi?ed as such in the proceedings.

Mathematical Physiology

Mathematical Physiology
Author: James Keener,James Sneyd
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 547
Release: 2010-06-04
ISBN: 038775847X
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mathematical Physiology Book Excerpt:

Divided into two volumes, the book begins with a pedagogical presentation of some of the basic theory, with chapters on biochemical reactions, diffusion, excitability, wave propagation and cellular homeostasis. The second, more extensive part discusses particular physiological systems, with chapters on calcium dynamics, bursting oscillations and secretion, cardiac cells, muscles, intercellular communication, the circulatory system, the immune system, wound healing, the respiratory system, the visual system, hormone physiology, renal physiology, digestion, the visual system and hearing. New chapters on Calcium Dynamics, Neuroendocrine Cells and Regulation of Cell Function have been included. Reviews from first edition: Keener and Sneyd's Mathematical Physiology is the first comprehensive text of its kind that deals exclusively with the interplay between mathematics and physiology. Writing a book like this is an audacious act! -Society of Mathematical Biology Keener and Sneyd's is unique in that it attempts to present one of the most important subfields of biology and medicine, physiology, in terms of mathematical "language", rather than organizing materials around mathematical methodology. -SIAM review