Burma Myanmar

Author by : David Steinberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : "Taking into account the dramatic changes the country has seen in the past two years--including the establishment of a human rights commission, the release of political prisoners, and reforms in health and education--David I. Steinberg offers an updated second edition of Burma/Myanmar: What Everyone Needs to Know. More than ever, the history, culture, and internal politics of this country are crucial to understanding the breaking headlines emerging from it today and placing them in a broader context. Geographically strategic, Burma/Myanmar lies between the growing powers of China and India, and has a thousand-year history as an important realm in the region--yet it is mostly unknown to Westerners. Burma/Myanmar is a place of contradictions: a picturesque land with mountain jungles and monsoon plains, it is one of the world's largest producers of heroin. Though it has extensive natural resources including oil, gas, teak, metals, and minerals, it is one of the poorest countries in the world. And despite a half-century of military-dominated rule, change is beginning to work its way through the beleaguered nation, as it moves to a more pluralistic administrative system reflecting its pluralistic cultural, multi-ethnic base"--Provided by publisher.


Historical Dictionary Of Burma Myanmar

Author by : Donald M. Seekins
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
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Description : This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar) contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.


Burma Myanmar

Author by : David I. Steinberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
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Description : In Burma/Myanmar:What Everyone Needs to Know, David I. Steinberg pierces the curtain erected by a hostile regime to reveal the nation's social, political, and cultural realities. Renamed Myanmar by the military government in 1989, it both enjoys the legacy of a long history of independence and suffers from the legacies of its past as a British colony. Today, Steinberg writes, it is largely defined by overlapping crises that affect every aspect of life.


Burma Myanmar

Author by : Mikael Gravers
Languange : en
Publisher by : Nordic Inst of Asian Studies
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
Total Download : 912
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description : "Recent changes in Burma/Myanmar have been called the 'Burmese democratic spring.' While the international media have mainly focused on the economic opportunities offered by these changes and on the doings and sayings of Aung San Suu Kyi, the reality is far more complex. The country is desperately poor, divided by ethnic and religious rivalries and continues to suffer from some of the world's most intractable military conflicts while powerful elite factions oppose reform. Where, then, is the country heading? What are the key challenges it will face? Who are likely to be the key players in the unfolding events? What implications are there for international actors in arenas like policy, diplomacy, development and business? With contributions on topics like the political situation, international relations, ethnic and religious rivalries, and the economy, long-time observers of the situation offer insights and analysis that address these issues. The result is a tightly focused volume that will appeal to a broad readership interested in the current situation and its implications."--Page 4 of cover.


Reconciling Burma Myanmar

Author by : John H. Badgley
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Strategic interests in Myanmar / John H. Badgley -- Myanmar's political future, is waiting for the perfect enemy of doing the possible? / Robert H. Taylor -- Burma/Myanmar, a guide for the perplexed? / David I. Steinberg -- King Solomon's judgment / Helen James -- The role of minorities in the transitional process / Seng Raw -- Will Western sanctions bring down the house? / Kyaw Yin Hlaing -- The crisis in Burma/Myanmar, foreign aid as a tool for democratization / Morten B. Pedersen.


Burma Myanmar

Author by : Nathaniel Harris
Languange : en
Publisher by : Marshall Cavendish
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
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Description : "Discusses Burma, its history, conflicts, and the reasons why it is currently in the news"--Provided by publisher.


The Military In Burma Myanmar

Author by : David I Steinberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
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Description : The Myanmar military has dominated that complex country for most of the period since independence in 1948. The fourth coup of 1 February 2021 was the latest by the military to control those aspects of society it deemed essential to its own interests, and its perception of state interests. The military’s institutional power was variously maintained by rule by decree, through political parties it founded and controlled, and through constitutional provisions it wrote that could not be amended without its approval. This fourth coup seems a product of personal demands for power between Senior General Min Aung Hlaing and Aung San Suu Kyi, and the especially humiliating defeat of the military-backed party at the hands of the National League for Democracy in the November 2020 elections. The violent and bloody suppression of widespread demonstrations continues, compromise seems unlikely, and the previous diarchic governance will not return. Myanmar’s political and economic future is endangered and suppression will only result in future outbreaks of political frustration.


Key Facts On Burma Myanmar

Author by : Patrick W. Nee
Languange : en
Publisher by : Patrick Nee
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
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Description : Learn everything you need to about the exciting country of Burma, also known as Myanmar! The Key Facts on Burma provides readers with essential statistical and business information on the Asian country, including: -Background of Burma -Geography of Burma -People and Society of Burma -Government and Key Leaders of Burma -Economy of Burma -Energy Resources of Burma -Communications in Burma -Transportation in Burma -Military of Burma -Transnational Issues of Burma The Internationalist Business Guides provide crucial up-to-date facts on countries around the world. Visit us at www.internationalist.com


Soldiers And Diplomacy In Burma

Author by : Renaud Egreteau
Languange : en
Publisher by : NUS Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
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Description : Soldiers and Diplomacy addresses the key question of the ongoing role of the military in BurmaÍs foreign policy. The authors, a political scientist and a former top Asia editor for the BBC, provide a fresh perspective on BurmaÍs foreign and security policies, which have shifted between pro-active diplomacies of neutralism and non-alignment, and autarkical policies of isolation and xenophobic nationalism. They argue that important elements of continuity underlie BurmaÍs striking postcolonial policy changes and contrasting diplomatic practices. Among the defining factors here are the formidable dominance of the Burmese armed forces over state structure, the enduring domestic political conundrum and the peculiar geography of a country located at the crossroads of India, China and Southeast Asia. Egreteau and Jagan argue that the Burmese military still has the tools needed to retain their praetorian influence over the countryÍs foreign policy in the post-junta context of the 2010s. For international policymakers, potential foreign investors and BurmaÍs immediate neighbors, this will have strong implications in terms of the countryÍs foreign policy approach.


Turmoil In Burma

Author by : David I. Steinberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Signature Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
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Description : Few states in the contemporary world present the complexities that characterize Burma/Myanmar at present. On the one hand, it has been under military rule for some forty-four years at this point, with many traditional factors in operation: an high degree of authoritarianism; the dominance of personalization over institutions; powerful centrism, but with a progressive weakening as the distance from the center lengthens; and the importance of religion as a source of identity. Those who govern Myanmar have given ample indication in recent times of a desire to interact with diverse international bilateral and multilateral operations. Yet Burma/Myanmar nationalism has contained a xenophobic quality emphasized on occasion, a proclivity that is more conducive to isolation than to cooperation. In this context, the movement of the capitol from Rangoon to Pyinmana in the interior, while proclaimed as a move to provide easier access to all parts of Myanmar raises questions. Moreover, as was demonstrated recently, in the face of strong opposition, Myanmar was prepared to give up its scheduled chairmanship of ASEAN rather than to change its domestic political policies. Under the circumstances, it is fortunate to have a highly regarded scholar who has spent many years undertaking in-depth studies of Burma/Myanmar as well as other parts of East Asia, with a history of friendships and research in the region, provide us with an up-to-date analysis. David Steinberg presents a broad picture of the complex scene, commencing with a presentation of key theoretical and historical considerations, and proceeding to an analysis of various specifics relating to the current Burma/Myanmar society and state. His analysis is comprehensive and balanced, taking into account the many complexities and uncertainties of this troubled state. We are indeed fortunate to have this work available. from the Foreword by Robert A. Scalapino


Human Rights In Burma Myanmar

Author by : James Goldston
Languange : en
Publisher by : Human Rights Watch
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
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Description :


Two Burmese Folktales Two Moral Tales From Burma Myanmar

Author by : Anon E Mouse
Languange : en
Publisher by : Abela Publishing Ltd
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
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Description : ISSN: 2397-9607 Issue 84 ÿ In Issue 84 of the Baba Indaba Children's Stories, Baba Indaba narrates the Burmese tale of A SAD FATE - how a poor farm boy is taught to fish by a magical bird. So successful was he that he fed more than just his family. The king hears about his and asks the boy his secret. But did he tell the king the truth? Download and read the story to find out just what the boy said. Lookout for the moral of the story. The second story is FRIENDS - Four brothers are continually fighting until taught a lesson in unity and strength by their father. INCLUDES LINKS TO 8 FREE STORIES TO DOWNLOADS ÿ Each issue also has a "WHERE IN THE WORLD - LOOK IT UP" section, where young readers are challenged to look up a place on a map somewhere in the world. The place, town or city is relevant to the story, on map. HINT - use Google maps. ÿ Baba Indaba is a fictitious Zulu storyteller who narrates children's stories from around the world. Baba Indaba translates as "Father of Stories". ÿ It is believed that folklore and tales are believed to have originated in India and made their way overland along the Silk and Spice routes and through Central Asia before arriving in Europe. Even so, this does not cover all folklore from all four corners of the world. Indeed folklore, legends and myths from Africa, Australia, Polynesia, and some from Asia too, are altogether quite different and seem to have originated on the whole from separate reservoirs of lore, legend and culture.


Myanmar Burma Since 1962

Author by : Peter John Perry
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
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Description : Why has Myanmar (Burma), a country rich in resources - rice, timber, minerals - descended to 'least developed country' status? Is the explanation to be found inside Burma or beyond? While political authoritarianism, conflict and the illegal drugs trade have been contributory factors; this book lifts the lid on a potentially more serious factor; the mismanagement of the country's resources.


Burma Redux

Author by : Ian Holliday
Languange : en
Publisher by : Columbia University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
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Description : "Contemporary Myanmar faces immense political challenges, and the role outsiders might play in dealing with them is highly contentious. Drawing on views expressed by local citizens, Burma redux argues for committed strategies of grassroots involvement that engage international aid agencies, global corporations and foreign states. The wide-ranging discussion positions Myanmar's history, contemporary politics and social circumstances within broader discussions of global justice, democratic transitions, the aid business, corporate social responsibility and international sanctions."--Publisher's description.


Burma Myanmar

Author by : Mikael Gravers
Languange : en
Publisher by : Nordic Inst of Asian Studies
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 910
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Description : "Recent changes in Burma/Myanmar have been called the 'Burmese democratic spring.' While the international media have mainly focused on the economic opportunities offered by these changes and on the doings and sayings of Aung San Suu Kyi, the reality is far more complex. The country is desperately poor, divided by ethnic and religious rivalries and continues to suffer from some of the world's most intractable military conflicts while powerful elite factions oppose reform. Where, then, is the country heading? What are the key challenges it will face? Who are likely to be the key players in the unfolding events? What implications are there for international actors in arenas like policy, diplomacy, development and business? With contributions on topics like the political situation, international relations, ethnic and religious rivalries, and the economy, long-time observers of the situation offer insights and analysis that address these issues. The result is a tightly focused volume that will appeal to a broad readership interested in the current situation and its implications."--Page 4 of cover.


Burma Myanmar Towards The Twenty First Century

Author by : John J. Brandon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Open Society Institute Thai Studies Section
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
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Description : Papers presented at a conference sponsored by Chulalongkorn University, Institute for Strategic and Security Studies held during June 1-3, 1995.


A Delicate Relationship

Author by : Kenton Clymer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cornell University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
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Description : In 2012, Barack Obama became the first U.S. president ever to visit Myanmar, formerly known as Burma. This official state visit marked a new period in the long and sinuous diplomatic relationship between the United States and Burma/Myanmar, which Kenton Clymer examines in A Delicate Relationship. From the challenges of decolonization and heightened nationalist activities that emerged in the wake of World War II to the Cold War concern with domino states to the rise of human rights policy in the 1980s and beyond, Clymer demonstrates how Burma/Myanmar has fit into the broad patterns of U.S. foreign policy and yet has never been fully integrated into diplomatic efforts in the region of Southeast Asia. When Burma, a British colony since the nineteenth century, achieved independence in 1948, the United States feared that the country might be the first Southeast Asian nation to fall to the communists, and it embarked on a series of efforts to prevent this. In 1962, General Ne Win, who toppled the government in a coup d’état, established an authoritarian socialist military junta that severely limited diplomatic contact and led to a period in which the primary American diplomatic concern became Burma’s increasing opium production. Ne Win’s rule ended (at least officially) in 1988, when the Burmese people revolted against the oppressive military government. Aung San Suu Kyi emerged as the charismatic leader of the opposition and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. Amid these great changes in policy and outlook, Burma/Myanmar remained fiercely nonaligned and, under Ne Win, isolationist. The limited diplomatic exchange that resulted meant that the state was often a frustrating puzzle to U.S. officials. Clymer explores attitudes toward Burma (later Myanmar), from anxious anticommunism during the Cold War to interventions to stop drug trafficking to debates in Congress, the White House, and the Department of State over how to respond to the emergence of the opposition movement in the late 1980s. The junta’s brutality, its refusal to relinquish power, and its imprisonment of opposition leaders resulted in public and Congressional pressure to try to change the regime. Indeed, Aung San Suu Kyi’s rise to prominence fueled the new foreign policy debate that was focused on human rights, and in that climate Burma/Myanmar held particularly large symbolic importance for U.S. policy makers. Congressional and public opinion favored sanctions, while U.S. presidents and their administrations were more cautious. Clymer’s account concludes with President Obama’s visits in 2012 and 2014, and visits to the United States by Aung San Suu Kyi and President Thein Sein, which marked the establishment of a new, warmer relationship with a relatively open Myanmar.


Burma Myanmar

Author by : Caroline Courtauld
Languange : en
Publisher by : Odyssey Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
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Description : This fully revised and well illustrated 2nd edition of Burma intelligently evokes the magic and mystery of what was once the richest nation in Asia. Practical information on visas, customs, food and shopping is included.'


The A To Z Of Burma Myanmar

Author by : Donald M. Seekins
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
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Description : Burma (Myanmar) is a country in crisis, and a political resolution to its problems of national unity seems unlikely to occur in the near future. The purpose of The A to Z of Burma (Myanmar) is to explain in depth the country's political crisis, while also providing detailed historical background. While paying much attention to the personalities and events of the 1962-1988 Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) period, the dictionary focuses on the events, institutions, and personalities of 1988, when a nationwide movement for democracy resulted in the collapse of the BSPP regime, and the post-1988 period, when Burma was ruled by a military junta, the State Law and Order Restoration Council, which, after 1997, changed its name to the State Peace and Development Council. Through the use of maps, a list of acronyms, a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, places, and events as well as political, economic, and social background, the history of this country is unfolded. Everything from major figures such as Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, whose non-violent struggle for democracy won her the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize, to the issue of economic sanctions versus "constructive engagement" is discussed in this important resource.


Eyewitness To Early Reform In Myanmar

Author by : Trevor Wilson
Languange : en
Publisher by : ANU Press
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Description : By 2000, a ruthless military regime had ruled Myanmar for more than a decade, polarising opinion inside and outside Burma/Myanmar — with Western countries locked into non-UN sanctions and Asian countries and the rest of the world locked into unenthusiastic cooperation with Myanmar. While the United Nations and its agencies faced numerous obstacles as they sought to encourage national reconciliation in Myanmar, conditions in Myanmar were slowly starting to change. With a reform faction in charge, the military regime itself after 1999 slowly began experimenting with modest changes, before committing in 2008 to transfer power via a constitutional referendum and national elections, both of which it effectively controlled. This book provides the first eyewitness account of the early reform experiments.


Burma Myanmar

Author by : Morten B. Pedersen
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 24
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Description :


Burma Myanmar

Author by : David Steinberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
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Description : No country in Asia in recent years has undergone so massive a political shift in so short a time as Myanmar. Until recently, the former British colony had one of the most secretive, corrupt, and repressive regimes on the planet, a country where Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi was held in continual house arrest and human rights were denied to nearly all. Yet events in Myanmar since the elections of November 2010 have profoundly altered the internal mood of the society, and have surprised even Burmese and seasoned foreign observers of the Myanmar scene. The pessimism that pervaded the society prior to the elections, and the results of that voting that prompted many foreign observers to call them a "sham" or "fraud," gradually gave way to the realization that positive change was in the air. In this updated second edition of Burma/Myanmar: What Everyone Needs to Know®, Davd I. Steinberg addresses the dramatic changes in the country over the past two years, including the establishment of a human rights commission, the release of political prisoners, and reforms in health and education. More than ever, the history, culture, and internal politics of this country are crucial to understanding the current transformation, which has generated headlines across the globe. Geographically strategic, Burma/Myanmar lies between the growing powers of China and India. Yet it is mostly unknown to Westerners despite being its thousand-year history as a nation. Burma/Myanmar is a place of contradictions: a picturesque land with mountain jungles and monsoon plains, it is one of the world's largest producers of heroin. Though it has extensive natural resources including oil, gas, teak, metals, and minerals, it is one of the poorest countries in the world. And despite a half-century of military-dominated rule, change is beginning to work its way through the beleaguered nation, as it moves to a more pluralistic administrative system reflecting its pluralistic cultural and multi-ethnic base. Authoritative and balanced, Burma/Myanmar is an essential book on a country in the throes of historic change. What Everyone Needs to Know® is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.


Country Commercial Guide

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
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Description :


Easy Burmese

Author by : Kenneth Wong
Languange : en
Publisher by : Tuttle Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 65
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Description : Start reading Easy Burmese on the way to the airport and begin communicating as soon as you land! Specially designed for beginning learners who have no prior knowledge of the language, Easy Burmese is fully romanized throughout and focused on conversational rather than written Burmese. For a fraction of the cost of expensive language products, this book introduces all the basics of the language with an emphasis on practical daily conversations and vocabulary. A complete language course and pocket dictionary in one, Easy Burmese includes: Free, downloadable native-speaker audio recordings to help you master correct pronunciation and intonation Structured, progressive lessons to help you build confidence and fluency quickly Practical dialogues focused on daily communication Manga illustrations to facilitate memorization Useful notes on the Burmese script and pronunciation Greetings, requests, honorific forms and etiquette tips A dictionary of commonly-used words and phrases Kenneth Wong, a translator, author, and native Burmese speaker who emigrated to the United States, is the ideal guide for travelers who want to master spoken Burmese—fast.


Burma

Author by : David I. Steinberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Georgetown University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
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Description : Long isolated by rigid military rule, Burma, or Myanmar, is one of the least known, significantly sized states in the world. Possessed of a rich cultural history yet facing a range of challenges to stability and growth, it has struck the imaginations of those concerned not only with geopolitical or trade affairs but also with poverty, health, and human rights. David I. Steinberg sheds new light on this reclusive state by exploring issues of authority and legitimacy in its politics, economics, social structure, and culture since the popular uprising and military coup of 1988. Exploring the origins of that year’s tumultuous events, Steinberg analyzes a generation of preceding military governments and their attempts to address the nation’s problems. He focuses on the role of the military, the effects of Burma’s geopolitical placement, the plight of the poor, the destruction of civil society, and rising ethnic tensions. While taking into account the importance of foreign observers as counterpoints to official views, suppliers of economic aid, and advocates of reform, Steinberg contends that ultimately, the solutions to Myanmar’s varied problems lie with the Burmese themselves and the policies of their government. The paperback edition includes a postcript that reveals the most current and critical issues facing Burma since the publication of the original hardcover in March 2001. Steinberg brings readers up to date on the recent release of political prisoners, economic and military conditions, United Nations actions, and the complex, ever-changing relationship between Thailand and Myanmar.


Pathways That Changed Myanmar

Author by : Matthew Mullen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Zed Books Ltd.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
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Description : In the midst of the political upheavals that engulfed Myanmar from 2010 to 2011, international attention was fixed upon the military regime and its dissident opponents. But away from the cameras, a very different set of struggles were unfolding across the country. These struggles were manifested not as violent clashes, but as everyday interactions involving taxi drivers, community organizers, farmers, heads of domestic NGOs, and many more. A product of five years' research, during which the author conducted over five hundred ethnographic interviews across the country, Pathways that Changed Myanmar provides a voice for those ordinary Burmese whose trials and aspirations went unheard and unnoticed during this pivotal moment in the nation's history.


The Illusion Of Progress

Author by : Ronald James May
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
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Description : This edited volume looks beyond the polarised debate which pervades perspectives on the country, to investigate the real progress of development in Burma/Myanmar. It looks at the economy, military, health and agricultural sectors and finds evidence of a middle ground between the government and the opposition.


Burmese Supernaturalism

Author by : Melford E. Spiro
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
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Description : Though the people of Burma, now called Myanmar, are formally Buddhist, their folk religion a type of animism or supernaturalism is so unlike classical Buddhism that it seems contradictory. For years scholars of religion and anthropology have debated the questions: Do these folk beliefs make up a separate religious system? Or is there a subtle merging of supernaturalism and Buddhism, a kind of syncretism? In either case, how exactly does folk religion fit into the overall religious pattern? Melford Spiro's Burmese Supernaturalism has been one of the major works in this debate, both for its position on the "two religions" question and for its arguments concerning the psychological basis of religion. The book begins with an introduction to the study of supernaturalism. The next section of the work covers various types of supernaturalism, including witches, ghost, and demons. Other areas of discussion include supernaturally caused illness and its treatment, the shaman, the exorcist, and the relationship between supernaturalism and Buddhism. In the introduction to this expanded edition Spiro further develops the underlying logic of his argument and evaluates the most recent contributions to the field of the anthropology of religion. Burmese Supernaturalism is an intriguing study and will provide insightful reading for anthropologists, sociologists, theologians, as well as those interested in supernaturalism in Burma (Myanmar) and other cultures.