Caddo Verb Morphology

Caddo Verb Morphology
Author: Lynette R. Melnar
Publsiher: U of Nebraska Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2004-01-01
ISBN: 9780803232204
Category: Foreign Language Study
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Caddo Verb Morphology Book Excerpt:

At the time of European contact with Native communities, the Caddos (who call themselves the Hasinai) were accomplished traders living in the southern plains. Their communities occupied parts of present-day Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. It was early Spanish explorers who named a part of this territory ?Texas,? borrowing the Caddo word for ?friend.? Today there are approximately thirty-five hundred Caddos, most of whom live in Oklahoma. Their original language, which is related to the Plains languages?Pawnee, Arikara, Kitsai, and Wichita?is rapidly dying and is spoken only by a diminishing number of Caddo elders. Drawing on interviews with Caddo speakers, tapes made by earlier researchers, and written accounts, Lynette R. Melnar provides the first full-length overview and analysis of Caddo grammar. Because Caddo is an extremely complex language, Melnar?s clear description will be important to linguists in general as well as to those specializing in Native languages. Caddo Verb Morphology is an essential contribution to our understanding of the Caddos? traditional world in particular and of Native America in general.

Caddo Verb Morphology

Caddo Verb Morphology
Author: Lynette Renee Melnar
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 484
Release: 1998
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Caddo language
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Caddo Verb Morphology Book Excerpt:

The Languages of Native America

The Languages of Native America
Author: Lyle Campbell,Marianne Mithun
Publsiher: University of Texas Press
Total Pages: 1040
Release: 2014-09-01
ISBN: 0292768508
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Languages of Native America Book Excerpt:

These essays were drawn from the papers presented at the Linguistic Society of America's Summer Institute at the State University of New York at Oswego in 1976. The contents are as follows: Lyle Campbell and Marianne Mithun, "Introduction: North American Indian Historical Linguistics in Current Perspective" Ives Goddard, "Comparative Algonquian" Marianne Mithun, "Iroquoian" Wallace L. Chafe, "Caddoan" David S. Rood, "Siouan" Mary R. Haas, "Southeastern Languages" James M. Crawford, "Timucua and Yuchi: Two Language Isolates of the Southeast" Ives Goddard, "The Languages of South Texas and the Lower Rio Grande" Irvine Davis, "The Kiowa-Tanoan, Keresan, and Zuni Languages" Susan Steele, "Uto-Aztecan: An Assessment for Historical and Comparative Linguistics" William H. Jacobsen, Jr., "Hokan lnter-Branch Comparisons" Margaret Langdon, "Some Thoughts on Hokan with Particular Reference to Pomoan and Yuman" Michael Silverstein, ''Penutian: An Assessment" Laurence C. Thompson, "Salishan and the Northwest" William H. Jacobsen, Jr., "Wakashan Comparative Studies" William H. Jacobsen, Jr., "Chimakuan Comparative Studies" Michael E. Krauss, "Na-Dene and Eskimo-Aleut" Lyle CampbelI, "Middle American Languages" Eric S. Hamp, "A Glance from Now On."

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture
Author: Michael B. Montgomery,Ellen Johnson
Publsiher: UNC Press Books
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2014-02-01
ISBN: 1469616629
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture Book Excerpt:

The fifth volume of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture explores language and dialect in the South, including English and its numerous regional variants, Native American languages, and other non-English languages spoken over time by the region's immigrant communities. Among the more than sixty entries are eleven on indigenous languages and major essays on French, Spanish, and German. Each of these provides both historical and contemporary perspectives, identifying the language's location, number of speakers, vitality, and sample distinctive features. The book acknowledges the role of immigration in spreading features of Southern English to other regions and countries and in bringing linguistic influences from Europe and Africa to Southern English. The fascinating patchwork of English dialects is also fully presented, from African American English, Gullah, and Cajun English to the English spoken in Appalachia, the Ozarks, the Outer Banks, the Chesapeake Bay Islands, Charleston, and elsewhere. Topical entries discuss ongoing changes in the pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar of English in the increasingly mobile South, as well as naming patterns, storytelling, preaching styles, and politeness, all of which deal with ways language is woven into southern culture.

The Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis

The Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis
Author: Michael Fortescue,Marianne Mithun,Nicholas Evans
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 960
Release: 2017-07-29
ISBN: 0199683204
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis Book Excerpt:

This handbook offers an extensive crosslinguistic and cross-theoretical survey of polysynthetic languages, in which single multi-morpheme verb forms can express what would be whole sentences in English. These languages and the problems they raise for linguistic analyses have long featured prominently in language descriptions, and yet the essence of polysynthesis remains under discussion, right down to whether it delineates a distinct, coherent type, rather than an assortment of frequently co-occurring traits. Chapters in the first part of the handbook relate polysynthesis to other issues central to linguistics, such as complexity, the definition of the word, the nature of the lexicon, idiomaticity, and to typological features such as argument structure and head marking. Part two contains areal studies of those geographical regions of the world where polysynthesis is particularly common, such as the Arctic and Sub-Arctic and northern Australia. The third part examines diachronic topics such as language contact and language obsolence, while part four looks at acquisition issues in different polysynthetic languages. Finally, part five contains detailed grammatical descriptions of over twenty languages which have been characterized as polysynthetic, with special attention given to the presence or absence of potentially criterial features.

New Perspectives on Language Variety in the South

New Perspectives on Language Variety in the South
Author: Michael D. Picone,Catherine Evans Davies
Publsiher: University of Alabama Press
Total Pages: 813
Release: 2015-03-15
ISBN: 0817318151
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Perspectives on Language Variety in the South Book Excerpt:

An outgrowth of the LAVIS III symposium (2004), New Perspectives on Language Variety in the South: Historical and Contemporary Approaches comprises forty-five original essays (revised and reviewed) on a range of topics regarding the languages and dialects of the American South.

Semantics Noun Phrases and Verb Phrases

Semantics   Noun Phrases and Verb Phrases
Author: Paul Portner,Klaus Heusinger,Claudia Maienborn
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2019-02-19
ISBN: 3110587300
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Semantics Noun Phrases and Verb Phrases Book Excerpt:

Gain a deeper understanding of essential research on the semantics of noun phrases and verb phrases. Clear explanations of significant recent research bring complex issues to life, with expert guidance on topics of debate within the field. The book gives readers valuable insights into topics such as definiteness, specificity, genericity aspect, aktionsart and mood. It also discusses directions for future research. Written by a world-class team of authors, these highly cited articles are here in paperback for the first time since their original publication. An essential reference for researchers in the area.

The Oxford Handbook of Morphological Theory

The Oxford Handbook of Morphological Theory
Author: Jenny Audring,Francesca Masini
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 725
Release: 2019
ISBN: 0199668981
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Morphological Theory Book Excerpt:

This volume is the first handbook devoted entirely to the multitude of frameworks adopted in the field of morphology. It offers critical discussions of the main theoretical issues in word formation and inflection, a detailed guide to each morphological theory, and explorations into the relationship between morphological theory and other fields.

The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence

The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence
Author: Jochen Trommer
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2012-09-27
ISBN: 0199573727
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence Book Excerpt:

Addressing the common problems, questions and solutions of exponence, this book contains contributions from leading specialists who formulate a coherent research programme which integrates the central insights of the last decades and provides challenges for the future.

Irregularity in Morphology and beyond

Irregularity in Morphology  and beyond
Author: Thomas Stolz,Hitomi Otsuka,Aina Urdze,Johan van der Auwera
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter
Total Pages: 321
Release: 2012-10-22
ISBN: 3050059583
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Irregularity in Morphology and beyond Book Excerpt:

Irregularity is a philological concept which is not adequately defined. The present volume aims to improve the understanding of irregularity within the domain of morphology, relating to inflectional, derivation, and compounding. Studies aim to discover the potential regularity behind irregularities, the fact or hypothesis that regular (sound) change produces irregularity (Sturtevant's Paradox), the nature of paradigms (esp. suppletion and overabundance), and the interplay of irregular morphology with syntax and pragmatics. Perspectives are synchronic and diachronic. A few studies approach irregularity from the psycholinguistic point of view (issues of memory and acquisition). Languages studied include Latin and its daughter languages French, Catalan and Italian, but also English, German, Greek, Russian, Turkish, Thompson Salish, and the Iroquoian languages. Theories discussed include Canonical Typology, Distributed Morphology, Whole Word Morphology, Minimalism, and the Procedural/Declarative Model.

Morphological Metatheory

Morphological Metatheory
Author: Daniel Siddiqi,Heidi Harley
Publsiher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Total Pages: 547
Release: 2016-06-29
ISBN: 902726712X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Morphological Metatheory Book Excerpt:

The field of morphology is particularly heterogeneous. Investigators differ on key points at every level of theory. These divisions are not minor issues about technical implementation, but rather are foundational issues that mold the underlying anatomy of any theory. The field has developed very rapidly both theoretically and methodologically, giving rise to many competing theories and varied hypotheses. Many drastically different and often contradictory models and foundational hypotheses have been proposed. Theories diverge with respect to everything from foundational architectural assumptions to the specific combinatorial mechanisms used to derive complex words. Today these distinct models of word-formation largely exist in parallel, mostly without proponents confronting or discussing these differences in any major forum. After forty years of fast-paced growth in the field, morphologists are in need of a moment to take a breath and survey the drastically different points of view within the field. This volume provides such a moment.

1994 Mid America Linguistics Conference Papers

1994 Mid America Linguistics Conference Papers
Author: Frances Ingemann
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1996
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Grammar, Comparative and general
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

1994 Mid America Linguistics Conference Papers Book Excerpt:

Encyclopedia of the Great Plains Indians

Encyclopedia of the Great Plains Indians
Author: David J. Wishart
Publsiher: U of Nebraska Press
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2007-03
ISBN: 0803298625
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of the Great Plains Indians Book Excerpt:

Until the last two centuries, the human landscapes of the Great Plains were shaped solely by Native Americans, and since then the region has continued to be defined by the enduring presence of its Indigenous peoples. The Encyclopedia of the Great Plains Indians offers a sweeping overview, across time and space, of this story in 123 entries drawn from the acclaimed Encyclopedia of the Great Plains, together with 23 new entries focusing on contemporary Plains Indians, and many new photographs. ø Here are the peoples, places, processes, and events that have shaped lives of the Indians of the Great Plains from the beginnings of human habitation to the present?not only yesterday?s wars, treaties, and traditions but also today?s tribal colleges, casinos, and legal battles. In addition to entries on familiar names from the past like Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, new entries on contemporary figures such as American Indian Movement spiritual leader Leonard Crow Dog and activists Russell Means and Leonard Peltier are included in the volume. Influential writer Vine Deloria Sr., Crow medicine woman Pretty Shield, Nakota blues-rock band Indigenous, and the Nebraska Indians baseball team are also among the entries in this comprehensive account. Anyone wanting to know about Plains Indians, past and present, will find this an authoritative and fascinating source.

Morphology at the Interfaces

Morphology at the Interfaces
Author: Jason D. Haugen
Publsiher: John Benjamins Publishing
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9789027255006
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Morphology at the Interfaces Book Excerpt:

This monograph addresses morphology and its interfaces with phonology and syntax by examining comparative data from the Uto-Aztecan language family, and analyses involving reduplication as well as noun incorporation and related derivational morphology are provided within the framework of Distributed Morphology. Reduplication is treated by analyzing reduplicative morphemes (reduplicants) as morphological pieces (Vocabulary Items) inserted into syntactic slots at Morphological Structure. Noun incorporation constructions are analyzed as involving either incorporation (head movement in syntax, a la Baker 1988), or conflation, involving direct merger of a nominal root into verbal position (a la Hale and Keyser 2002). It is argued that denominal verb constructions should be treated as a sub-case of NI, as in Hale and Keyser (1993). Finally, the historical development of the polysynthesis parameter in Nahuatl is discussed, and a reconstruction of the likely stages of development, each of which is attested elsewhere in the family, is presented.

Typology of Pluractional Constructions in the Languages of the World

Typology of Pluractional Constructions in the Languages of the World
Author: Simone Mattiola
Publsiher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Total Pages: 237
Release: 2019-04-24
ISBN: 9027262586
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Typology of Pluractional Constructions in the Languages of the World Book Excerpt:

The aim of this book is to give the first large-scale typological investigation of pluractionality in the languages of the world. Pluractionality is defined as the morphological modification of the verb to express a plurality of situations that can additionally involve a plurality of participants and/or spaces. Based on a 246-language sample, the main characteristics of pluractionality are described and discussed throughout the book. Firstly, a description of the functions that pluractional markers cross-linguistically express is presented and the relationships occurring among them are explained through the semantic map model. Then, the marking strategies that languages display to express such functions are illustrated and some issues concerning the formal identification are briefly discussed as well. The typological generalizations are corroborated showing how pluractional markers work in three specific languages (Akawaio, Beja, Maa). In conclusion, the theoretical conceptualization of pluractionality is discussed referring to the Radical Construction Grammar approach.

The Languages of Native North America

The Languages of Native North America
Author: Marianne Mithun
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 773
Release: 2001-06-07
ISBN: 9780521298759
Category: Foreign Language Study
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Languages of Native North America Book Excerpt:

An authoritative and detailed survey of the languages of the North American Indians.

Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics

Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 9000
Release: 2005-11-24
ISBN: 0080547842
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics Book Excerpt:

The first edition of ELL (1993, Ron Asher, Editor) was hailed as "the field's standard reference work for a generation". Now the all-new second edition matches ELL's comprehensiveness and high quality, expanded for a new generation, while being the first encyclopedia to really exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics. * The most authoritative, up-to-date, comprehensive, and international reference source in its field * An entirely new work, with new editors, new authors, new topics and newly commissioned articles with a handful of classic articles * The first Encyclopedia to exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics through the online edition * Ground-breaking and International in scope and approach * Alphabetically arranged with extensive cross-referencing * Available in print and online, priced separately. The online version will include updates as subjects develop ELL2 includes: * c. 7,500,000 words * c. 11,000 pages * c. 3,000 articles * c. 1,500 figures: 130 halftones and 150 colour * Supplementary audio, video and text files online * c. 3,500 glossary definitions * c. 39,000 references * Extensive list of commonly used abbreviations * List of languages of the world (including information on no. of speakers, language family, etc.) * Approximately 700 biographical entries (now includes contemporary linguists) * 200 language maps in print and online Also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. The first Encyclopedia to exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics Ground-breaking in scope - wider than any predecessor An invaluable resource for researchers, academics, students and professionals in the fields of: linguistics, anthropology, education, psychology, language acquisition, language pathology, cognitive science, sociology, the law, the media, medicine & computer science. The most authoritative, up-to-date, comprehensive, and international reference source in its field

The Linguistic Typology of Templates

The Linguistic Typology of Templates
Author: Jeff Good
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2016-03-07
ISBN: 1107015022
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Linguistic Typology of Templates Book Excerpt:

This first comprehensive study of linguistic templatic constructions in morphology and syntax employs cutting-edge computational methods to study templates typologically.

Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World

Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1320
Release: 2010-04-06
ISBN: 0080877753
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World Book Excerpt:

Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World is an authoritative single-volume reference resource comprehensively describing the major languages and language families of the world. It will provide full descriptions of the phonology, semantics, morphology, and syntax of the world’s major languages, giving insights into their structure, history and development, sounds, meaning, structure, and language family, thereby both highlighting their diversity for comparative study, and contextualizing them according to their genetic relationships and regional distribution. Based on the highly acclaimed and award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, this volume will provide an edited collection of almost 400 articles throughout which a representative subset of the world's major languages are unfolded and explained in up-to-date terminology and authoritative interpretation, by the leading scholars in linguistics. In highlighting the diversity of the world’s languages — from the thriving to the endangered and extinct — this work will be the first point of call to any language expert interested in this huge area. No other single volume will match the extent of language coverage or the authority of the contributors of Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. * Extraordinary breadth of coverage: a comprehensive selection of just under 400 articles covering the world's major languages, language families, and classification structures, issues and disputes * Peerless quality: based on 20 years of academic development on two editions of the leading reference resource in linguistics, Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics * Unique authorship: 350 of the world's leading experts brought together for one purpose * Exceptional editorial selection, review and validation process: Keith Brown and Sarah Ogilvie act as first-tier guarantors for article quality and coverage * Compact and affordable: one-volume format makes this suitable for personal study at any institution interested in areal, descriptive, or comparative language study - and at a fraction of the cost of the full encyclopedia

Impossible Persons

Impossible Persons
Author: Daniel Harbour
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2016-11-11
ISBN: 0262034735
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impossible Persons Book Excerpt:

A groundbreaking, comprehensive formal theory of grammatical person that recasts its empirical foundations and re-envisions its theoretical core. Impossible Persons, Daniel Harbour's comprehensive and groundbreaking formal theory of grammatical person, upends understanding of a universal and ubiquitous grammatical category. Breaking with much past work, Harbour establishes three core theses, one empirical, one theoretical, and one metatheoretical. Together, these redefine the data subsumed under the rubric of “person,” simplify the feature inventory that a theory of person must posit, and restructure the metatheory in which feature theory as a whole resides. At its heart, Impossible Persons poses a simple question of the possible versus the actual: in how many ways could languages configure their person systems, in how many do they configure them, and what explains the size and shape of the shortfall? Harbour's empirical thesis—that the primary object of study for persons are partitions, not syncretisms—transforms a sea of data into a categorical problem of the attested and the absent. Positing, innovatively, that features denote actions, not predicates, he shows that two features alone generate all and only the attested systems. This apparently poor inventory yields rich explanatory dividends, covering the morphological composition of person, its interaction with number, its connection to space, and properties of its semantics and linearization. Moreover, the core properties of this approach are shared with Harbour's earlier work on number features. Jointly, these results establish an important metatheoretical corollary concerning the balance between richness of feature semantics and restrictiveness of feature inventories. This corollary holds deep implications for how linguists should approach feature theory in future.