Capitalism Development And Empowerment Of Labour

Author by : Hartmut Elsenhans
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
Total Download : 470
File Size : 41,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The dominant neoliberal approach presents politics and political economy as nuisances which disturb the smooth operation of self-regulating markets. But political economy is not merely an academic issue – it is a class issue, and this book forcefully argues that political economy should return to a central position in the study of the social sciences. Offering nothing less than a reconciliation of Marxian, Keynesian and neoclassical economics, the work opens with a discussion of the key, interconnected economic concepts which help us to understand capitalism: price, income, profit, value, growth and crisis. Prices reflect income distribution and therefore class relations, and the chapters show that the very emergence of capitalism resulted from mass empowerment of the so-called "lower orders". Profit is always available if entrepreneurs spend on net investment and create incomes for additional labour; this, in turn, requires expanding demand, and so therefore profit depends on rising mass incomes. Conversely, underdevelopment is the result of the destitution and disempowerment of the masses. In the Global South today, it is clear that enormous riches go hand in hand with widespread misery and poverty because the market does not transform wealth into the kind of investment that might benefit all. This book argues that the new wealth triggered by productivity increases has enabled the rich to liberate themselves from the capitalist constraints of competition and waste their new wealth in the form of rents. The main threat today is, in fact, the globalisation of rent. The text makes a point for a progressive counter strategy: capitalist structures that empower labour need to be transferred to the Global South. This requires political and economic efforts towards empowering labour in the Global South. This book demonstrates the analytical power of political economy for all social scientists and will be invaluable reading for economists, political scientists and sociologists in particular.


Capitalism Development And Empowerment Of Labour

Author by : Hartmut Elsenhans
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 776
File Size : 55,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The dominant neoliberal approach presents politics and political economy as nuisances which disturb the smooth operation of self-regulating markets. But political economy is not merely an academic issue – it is a class issue, and this book forcefully argues that political economy should return to a central position in the study of the social sciences. Offering nothing less than a reconciliation of Marxian, Keynesian and neoclassical economics, the work opens with a discussion of the key, interconnected economic concepts which help us to understand capitalism: price, income, profit, value, growth and crisis. Prices reflect income distribution and therefore class relations, and the chapters show that the very emergence of capitalism resulted from mass empowerment of the so-called "lower orders". Profit is always available if entrepreneurs spend on net investment and create incomes for additional labour; this, in turn, requires expanding demand, and so therefore profit depends on rising mass incomes. Conversely, underdevelopment is the result of the destitution and disempowerment of the masses. In the Global South today, it is clear that enormous riches go hand in hand with widespread misery and poverty because the market does not transform wealth into the kind of investment that might benefit all. This book argues that the new wealth triggered by productivity increases has enabled the rich to liberate themselves from the capitalist constraints of competition and waste their new wealth in the form of rents. The main threat today is, in fact, the globalisation of rent. The text makes a point for a progressive counter strategy: capitalist structures that empower labour need to be transferred to the Global South. This requires political and economic efforts towards empowering labour in the Global South. This book demonstrates the analytical power of political economy for all social scientists and will be invaluable reading for economists, political scientists and sociologists in particular.


Saving Capitalism From The Capitalists

Author by : Hartmut Elsenhans
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publishing India
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 761
File Size : 46,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Capitalism is often recognised as a realisation of the bourgeois revolution—war to the castles and peace to the huts. This book argues that a lack in perception of the progressive aspects of capitalism has resulted in policy measures that have frequently been defeated. It brings out the importance of capitalism as the promise of being able to attain socialism. Based on modern economics of a post-Keynesian nature, it rejects mechanistic Marxism and the civilisational process of cultural turn thinking. The book is a comprehensive analysis of the origins of capitalism, its contradictions, the dynamics of non-capitalist societies and the challenges of globalisation (including theories of imperialism).


Development Capitalism And Rent

Author by : Hannes Warnecke-Berger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 41
Total Download : 608
File Size : 42,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book combines Hartmut Elsenhans’ ideas on the laws of motion of capitalism and his approach to world system analysis and rent theory, his thoughts on development theory and finally, international relations and the past, present, and future dynamics of the international system. Hartmut Elsenhans shows that capitalist growth depends on rising mass incomes and on the strength of labor unions and their bargaining power. This alternative approach challenges mainstream assumptions on capitalism, growth, and development by both leading leftist authors, such as David Harvey, Immanuel Wallerstein, Andre Gunder Frank or Samir Amin, as well as by neoclassical economists and western institutionalist political and social scientists. Hartmut Elsenhans offers a unique approach to understand the dynamics of capitalism as well as the prospects for development. This Festschrift brings together his major contributions on these topics that were initially never or only published in German or French.


Markets In Their Place

Author by : Russell Prince
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 734
File Size : 55,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Markets are usually discussed in abstract terms, as an economic organizing principle, a generalized alternative to government planning, or even as powerful actors in their own right, able to shape local and national economic destinies. But markets are not abstract. Even as the idea of the market seduces politicians around the world to take advantage of their abstract qualities, they constantly run up against material reality. Markets are always somewhere, in place, and it is in place that the smooth theories of markets falter and fail. More than simply being embedded in particular places, markets necessarily emerge in the various political, social, cultural, and environmental relations that exist in and between places. Markets shape places, but the reverse is also true. This collection of essays approaches markets from the ground up, and from a part of the world often still regarded as peripheral to global capitalism: the South Pacific. With a wide variety of case studies, including on indigenous economies, childcare, agriculture, wine, electricity metering, finance, education, and housing, the authors show how complex local, social and cultural politics matter to how markets are made within and between places, and the insights that can be gleaned from studying markets in this part of the world. They explore the way superficially similar markets work out differently in different places, and why, as well as examining how market relations are constructed in places outside and on the edges of the centres of Western capitalism, and what this says back to how markets are understood in those centres. The book will be of particular interest to scholars and students working in and between economic geography, cultural economy, political economy, economic sociology, and more.


Political Economy Of Financialization In The United States

Author by : Kurt Mettenheim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 996
File Size : 47,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Combining balance sheet analysis with historical institutional analysis, this book traces the evolution of social sector financial balance sheets in the US from 1960 to 2018. This innovative historical-institutional approach, ranging from the micro level of households to the macro level of the federal government, reveals that the displacement of households by banks has been a long-term process. This gradual compounding of financialization is at odds with widely accepted views about financialization, contemporary banking theory, financial intermediation theory, and post-Keynesian and endogenous money approaches. The book returns to time-tested traditional principles of banking and taps unexpected affinities about market failures in transaction cost economics, financial intermediation theory, and core ideas in classic modern political and social economy about economic moralities and social reactions of self-defense against unfettered markets. This book provides an alternative explanation for the rise of finance and new ways to think about averting financialization and its devastating consequences. This book marks a significant contribution to the literature on financialization, social economics, banking, and the American political economy.


Explaining Wealth Inequality

Author by : Benedict Atkinson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 681
File Size : 51,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book discusses the origins of wealth inequality and explains how societies can reform to avoid the catastrophe of inequality-induced social breakdown. It develops a theoretical and practical understanding of the principles behind the concept of ownership and property, complete with historical examples. It proposes a new research perspective focusing on how the problem of wealth concentration is ameliorated by cooperative and collaborative initiatives to enhance the public sphere, without derogating from the private. The book is based on research data compiled from taxation and household data to explore the theme that wealth inequality is made inevitable by possessive behaviour expressed in possessive language. It shows that while inequality is inescapable, we can adopt policies where resources are more efficiently and broadly distributed for public benefit. Such policies are directed towards encouraging voluntary, as opposed to compulsory, wealth transfer to achieve public good. The primary market for the book consists of academics and students from the fields of economics, including growth and developmental economics, law, sociology, history, business and international trade. It also provides a practical resource for government policy analysts wanting to develop a more detailed understanding of the role played by wealth inequality in a range of social problems.


Queer Sex Work

Author by : Mary Laing
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 117
File Size : 49,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Sex work is a subject of significant contestation across academic disciplines, as well as within legal, medical, moral, feminist, political and socio-cultural discourses. A large body of research exists, but much of this focuses on the sale of sex by women to men and ignores other performances, practices, meanings and embodiments in the contemporary sex industry. A queer agenda is important in order to challenge hetero-centric gender norms and to develop new insights into how gender, sex, power, crime, work, migration, space/place, health and intimacy are understood in the context of commercial sexual encounters. Queer Sex Work explores what it might mean to ‘be’, ‘do’ and ‘think’ queer(ly) in the study and practice of commercial sex. It brings together a multiplicity of empirical case studies – including erotic dance venues, online sex working, pornography, grey sexual economies, and BSDM – and offers a variety of perspectives from academic scholars, policy practitioners, activists and sex workers themselves. In so doing, the book advances a queer politics of sex work that aims to disrupt heteronormative logics whilst also making space for different voices in academic and political debates about commercial sex. This unique and multidisciplinary volume will be indispensable for scholars and students of the global sex trade and of gender, sexuality, feminism and queer theory more broadly, as well as policymakers, activists and practitioners interested in the politics and practice of sex work in local, national and international contexts.


Not Paying The Rent

Author by : Neil Wilcock
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 281
File Size : 52,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Hartmut Elsenhans And A Critique Of Capitalism

Author by : Neil Wilcock
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 224
File Size : 45,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book presents a series of interviews with Hartmut Elsenhans on his wide-ranging theories and their policy implications. Serving as a compilation of his distilled thoughts, we discuss with him his unique world economic theory, his theorisation of social movements, his work on overcoming underdevelopment, and much more.


The Gender Effect

Author by : Kathryn Moeller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 438
File Size : 44,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : How and why are U.S. transnational corporations investing in the lives, educations, and futures of poor, racialized girls and women in the Global South? Is it a solution to ending poverty? Or is it a pursuit of economic growth and corporate profit? Drawing on more than a decade of research in the United States and Brazil, this book focuses on how the philanthropic, social responsibility, and business practices of various corporations use a logic of development that positions girls and women as instruments of poverty alleviation and new frontiers for capitalist accumulation. Using the Girl Effect, the philanthropic brand of Nike, Inc., as a central case study, the book examines how these corporations seek to address the problems of gendered poverty and inequality, yet do so using an instrumental logic that shifts the burden of development onto girls and women without transforming the structural conditions that produce poverty. These practices, in turn, enable corporations to expand their legitimacy, authority, and reach while sidestepping contradictions in their business practices that often exacerbate conditions of vulnerability for girls and women. With a keen eye towards justice, author Kathryn Moeller concludes that these corporatized development practices de-politicize girls’ and women’s demands for fair labor practices and a just global economy.


The Essential Guide To Critical Development Studies

Author by : Henry Veltmeyer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
Total Download : 258
File Size : 48,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In recent years, much mainstream development discourse has sought to co-opt and neutralize key concepts relating to empowerment, participation, gender, sustainability and inclusivity in order to serve a market-driven, neoliberal agenda. Critical development studies now play a crucial role in combatting this by analyzing the systemic changes needed to transform the current world to one where economic and social justice and environmental integrity prevail. The Essential Guide to Critical Development Studies takes as its starting point the multiple crises – economic, political, social and environmental – of the dominant current global capitalist system. The chapters collectively document and analyze these crises and the need to find alternatives to the system(s) that generate them. To do so, analyses of class, gender and empire are placed at the centre of discussion, in contrast to markets, liberalization and convergence, which characterize mainstream development discourse. Each contributor supplements their overview with a guide to the critical development studies literature on the topic, thereby providing scholars and students not only with a precis of the key issues, but also a signpost to further readings. This is an important resource for academics, researchers, policymakers and professionals in the areas of development studies, political science, sociology, economics, gender studies, history, anthropology, agrarian studies, international relations and international political economy.


The Transformation Of Politicised Religion

Author by : Hartmut Elsenhans
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 107
File Size : 42,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Including contributions from leading scholars from Algeria, France, Germany, India and the United States this book traces the rise and turn to moderation of the New Cultural Identitarian Political Movements, often labelled in the West as fundamentalists. Arguing that culturally based ideologies are often the instruments, rather than the motivating force though which segments of a rising middle strata challenge entrenched elites the expert contributors trace the rise of these movements to changes in their respective countries’ political economy and class structures. This approach explains why, as a result of an ongoing contestation and recreation of bourgeois values, the more powerful of these movements then tend towards moderation. As Western countries realise the need to engage with the more moderate wings of fundamentalist political groups their rationale and aims become of increasing importance and so academics, decision-makers and business people interested in South Asia and the Muslim world will find this an invaluable account.


Of Women And Flowers Women Empowerment In Pil Es Brazil

Author by : Bruna Maria Do Rego Troccoli
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 239
File Size : 53,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Contexts of poverty, underdevelopment, patriarchy and capitalism highlight serious damages that gender inequality causes on the lives of rural women in the Third World. Only 30% of these women have jobs formal or informal , while this percentage is as high as 60% for men (UNDP, 2011). A portrait of Brazilian women in numbers translates, even if superficially, a gender struggle fuelled by social norms that subjugate supposedly fair and gender-sensitive legal norms there, women will need another 95 years before achieving gender equality (WEF, 2016). The idiographic approach underlying this investigation considers that one can only begin to capture aspects of a social reality through the knowledge provided, firsthand, by context itself and people immersed in it. Therefore, participant observation and eighteen interviews were conducted in order to debate whether and to what extent working at a particular women-headed cooperative empowered rural women members in three different dimensions, considering changes in capabilities and functionings. The case study of Cooperativa dos Floricultures do Estado da Paraíba (COFEP) departs from an analytical framework that include four main potential benefits of cooperatives and its impact on three different empowerment domains namely, economic, gender and social. It proved useful to assessing empowerment of members and non-members, although considering the latter do not enjoy the same set of benefits through the cooperatives channel. A comparison between both groups and their arguments guides the investigation of the research question. Results show that achieving financial autonomy through employment at COFEP allowed members to escape extreme poverty, improve mental wellbeing and decision-making power within the household, decrease domestic violence and develop a better notion of self-worth. Such economic empowerment made members relatively well-off, compared to their previous experience of poverty, in which most families in that community are still trapped. However, the high price the majority pays for it consists of their accumulating paid and unpaid work responsibilities. Additionally, within the cooperative these women established a reliable support network with some expanding theirs beyond it. The most problematic capability concerns women having knowledge of their rights and confidence to act upon its violation. Indeed, discourses of both groups revealed disbelief in their ability to react to the violation of rights so common to their social class (e.g., poor public health assistance). Notwithstanding, this investigation concluded relational poverty and patriarchal social norms are the main limiting factors to women\`s empowerment. Durable effects of poverty, such as low levels of education, prevent these women from exercising active citizenship or being able to choose between a wider range of employment opportunities. Patriarchal social norms remain a struggle at all levels household, community and country. Given this, it becomes clear that preserving, and reinventing, their membership at COFEP is paramount to develop their newfound empowerment. Recommendations for members focus on the need to re-work their statute and establish regular leadership alternation; re-direct investments towards consultancy and other strategic measures to counter agronomic and financial problems; re-assess the relevancy of their membership beyond livelihood and contribute to their communities by promoting gender equality and social norms through grassroots initiatives. For institutional partners, it remains necessary highlighting the need for gender-sensitive interventions tailored to womens needs and constraints. Hence, financial investments and technical training must be combined with awareness-raising guidance that involve committed professionals and involves members and their partners, as well as others in the community.


The Labor Of Luck

Author by : Jeff Sallaz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 870
File Size : 53,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In this gripping ethnography, Jeffrey J. Sallaz goes behind the scenes of the global casino industry to investigate the radically different worlds of work and leisure he found in identically designed casinos in the United States and South Africa. Seamlessly weaving political and economic history with his own personal experience, Sallaz provides a riveting account of two years spent working among both countries' casino dealers, pit bosses, and politicians. While the popular imagination sees the Nevada casino as a hedonistic world of consumption, The Labor of Luck shows that the "Vegas experience" is made possible only through a variety of systems regulating labor, capital, and consumers, and that because of these complex dynamics, the Vegas casino cannot be seamlessly picked up and replicated elsewhere. Sallaz's fresh and path-breaking approach reveals how neo-liberal versus post-colonial forms of governance produce divergent worlds at the tables, and how politics, profits, and pleasure have come together to shape everyday life in the new economy.


Indian Capitalism In Development

Author by : Barbara Harriss-White
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 179
File Size : 46,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Recognising the different ways that capitalism is theorised, this book explores various aspects of contemporary capitalism in India. Using field research at a local level to engage with larger issues, it raises questions about the varieties and processes of capitalism, and about the different roles played by the state. With its focus on India, the book demonstrates the continuing relevance of the comparative political economy of development for the analysis of contemporary capitalism. Beginning with an exploration of capitalism in agriculture and rural development, it goes on to discuss rural labour, small town entrepreneurs, and technical change and competition in rural and urban manufacturing, highlighting the relationships between agricultural and non-agricultural firms and employment. An analysis of processes of commodification and their interaction with uncommodified areas of the economy makes use of the ‘knowledge economy’ as a case study. Other chapters look at the political economy of energy as a driver of accumulation in contradiction with both capital and labour, and at how the political economy of policy processes regulating energy highlights the fragmentary nature of the Indian state. Finally, a chapter on the processes and agencies involved in the export of wealth argues that this plays a crucial role in concealing the exploitation of labour in India. Bringing together scholars who have engaged with classical political economy to advance the understanding of contemporary capitalism in South Asia, and distinctive in its use of an interdisciplinary political economy approach, the book will be of interest to students and scholars of South Asian Politics, Political Economy and Development Studies.


The Maintenance Crew For The Human Machinery

Author by : Bernardus Hendrikus Ligteringen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Amsterdam University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 182
File Size : 51,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The book, written as a doctoral thesis, examines the development of the personnel function in labour organisations. Starting from a history of personnel management in the Netherlands during the second half of the 20th century, it analyses the structural transformation in the societal-economic environment from which originate far-reaching changes in employee relations. The transformation from the post-war model of guided capitalism towards its neo-liberal variety has serious consequences for intra-organisational power relations which result in a one-sided articulation of interests. This erodes the moral fabric of the labour organisation as a social institution. In this context special attention is paid to the wide-spread erosion of corporate ethics in the 21st century. The intensification of the labour process - a consistent phenomenon in industrial capitalism has got a new impulse, due to the lack of countervailing power within an eroding system of labour relations as well as to superior production techniques and technologies. These tendencies have a deteriorating effect on the substance of the personnel discipline, ending up in a loss of function.


Socially Responsible Capitalism And Management

Author by : Henri Savall
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 737
File Size : 40,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In the current crisis context, capitalism is questioned by its detractors or defended by its partisans. The concept of Socially Responsible Capitalism (SRC) is based on the entrepreneurial spirit. It encourages exemplary behaviors, such as effective, efficient and ethical behaviors, by stimulating social responsibility of companies and organizations. This is combined with the development of economic empowerment and legitimate efforts of each citizen-actor. Socially Responsible Capitalism and Management does not confuse financial capitalism and entrepreneurial capitalism. The first one improves the creation of artificial value which leads to financial bubbles that periodically burst and bankrupt the real economy. Quite the reverse, entrepreneurial capitalism creates both solid economic value and employment. This is justified by the production of goods and services that meet legitimate needs of consumer-citizens. This book shows that by putting Human Beings at the heart of action enables producing sustainable economic value, and anthropological values which are inseparable. The innovative aspect of this book lies in its analysis starting from the macro-economic level to the individual one, by presenting a detailed analysis of the micro-economic level of companies within its managerial issues. Socially Responsible Capitalism and Management is dedicated to present the different aspects of SRC for the Society, companies and organizations and also individual actors, as citizens, producers and consumers.


Making Development Geography

Author by : Victoria Lawson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 556
File Size : 44,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Making Development Geography is a timely new book which introduces readers to the major themes and debates in development geography. It argues cogently that the field is engaged in an ongoing process of reinventing itself as critical development geography, and highlights issues such as identity, globalization, social movements and sexuality. Readers are guided through the key concepts and developments of the last 50 years, surveying the themes of Keynesianism, Marxism and post-colonialism. At the same time, each chapter uses international examples to discuss important contemporary issues so that the real-world applications of theory can be understood. This enlightening book offers a comprehensive introduction to the fundamental debates for anyone with an interest in development issues.


Microcredit And Women S Empowerment

Author by : Aminul Faraizi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
Total Download : 288
File Size : 47,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Using a case study of Bangladesh, and based on a long term participatory observation method, this book investigates claims of the success of microcredit, as well as the critiques of it, in the context of women’s empowerment. It confronts the distinction between women’s increasing wealth as a consequence of the success of microcredit programmes and their apparent non-commensurate empowerment, looking at two organisations (the Grameen Bank and the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee) as they operate in two localities in rural Bangladesh, in order to discover how enrichment and empowerment are often confused. The book goes on to establish that the well-publicised success stories of the microcredit programme are blown out of proportion, and that the dynamics of collective responsibility for repayment of loans by a group of women borrowers – usually seen to be a tool for the success of microcredit – is in fact no less repressive than traditional debt collectors. This book makes a contribution to development debates; challenging adherents to more closely specify those conditions under which microcredit does indeed have validity, as well as providing insights relevant to South Asian Studies and Development Studies.


Structural Transformation In South Africa

Author by : Antonio Andreoni
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 672
File Size : 51,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Taking South Africa as an important case study of the challenges of structural transformation, the book offers a new micro-meso level framework and evidence linking country-specific and global dynamics of change, with a focus on the current challenges and opportunities faced by middle-income countries.


Sinuous Objects

Author by : Anna-Karina Hermkens
Languange : en
Publisher by : ANU Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
Total Download : 956
File Size : 48,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Some 40 years ago, Pacific anthropology was dominated by debates about ‘women’s wealth’. These exchanges were generated by Annette Weiner’s (1976) critical reappraisal of Bronis?aw Malinowski’s classic work on the Trobriand Islands, and her observations that women’s production of ‘wealth’ (banana leaf bundles and skirts) for elaborate transactions in mortuary rituals occupied a central role in Trobriand matrilineal cosmology and social organisation. This volume brings the debates about women’s wealth back to the fore by critically revisiting and engaging with ideas about gender and materiality, value, relationality and the social life and agency of things. The chapters, interspersed by three poems, evoke the sinuous materiality of the different objects made by women across the Pacific, and the intimate relationship between these objects of value and sensuous, gendered bodies. In the Epilogue, Professor Margaret Jolly observes how the volume also ‘trace[s] a more abstract sinuosity in the movement of these things through time and place, as they coil through different regimes of value … The eight chapters … trace winding paths across the contemporary Pacific, from the Trobriands in Milne Bay, to Maisin, Wanigela and Korafe in Oro Province, Papua New Guinea, through the islands of Tonga to diasporic Tongan and Cook Islander communities in New Zealand’. This comparative perspective elucidates how women’s wealth is defined, valued and contested in current exchanges, bride-price debates, church settings, development projects and the challenges of living in diaspora. Importantly, this reveals how women themselves preserve the different values and meanings in gift-giving and exchanges, despite processes of commodification that have resulted in the decline or replacement of ‘women’s wealth’.


Digital Labour And Prosumer Capitalism

Author by : Mathieu O'Neil
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 659
File Size : 41,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In the digital age tasks are increasingly modularised and consumers are increasingly becoming prosumers. Replacing digital labour and prosumption within an American context and the wider political economy, this volume presents a critical account of the forces which shape contemporary subjects, networks, and labour practices.


The Routledge Handbook Of Heterodox Economics

Author by : Tae-Hee Jo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 478
File Size : 49,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Routledge Handbook of Heterodox Economics presents a comprehensive overview of the latest work on economic theory and policy from a ‘pluralistic’ heterodox perspective. Contributions throughout the Handbook explore different theoretical perspectives including: Marxian-radical political economics; Post Keynesian-Sraffian economics; institutionalist-evolutionary economics; feminist economics; social economics; Régulation theory; the Social Structure of Accumulation approach; and ecological economics. They explain the structural properties and dynamics of capitalism, as well as propose economic and social policies for the benefit of the majority of the population. This book aims, firstly, to provide realistic and coherent theoretical frameworks to understand the capitalist economy in a constructive and forward-looking manner. Secondly, it delineates the future directions, as well as the current state, of heterodox economics, and then provides both ‘heat and light’ on controversial issues, drawing out the commonalities and differences among different heterodox economic approaches. The volume also envisions transformative economic and social policies for the majority of the population and explains why economics is, and should be treated as, a social science. This Handbook will be of compelling interest to those, including students, who wish to learn about alternative economic theories and policies that are rarely found in conventional economics textbooks or discussed in the mainstream media, and to critical economists and other social scientists who are concerned with analyzing pressing socio-economic issues.


Marx In The Field

Author by : Alessandra Mezzadri
Languange : en
Publisher by : Anthem Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 621
File Size : 44,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Marx in the Field is a unique edited collection illustrating the relevance of the Marxian method to study contemporary capitalism and the global development process. Essays in the collection bring Marx ‘to the field’ in three ways. They illustrate how Marxian categories can be concretely deployed for field research in the global economy; they analyse how these categories may be adapted during fieldwork; and they discuss data collection methods supporting Marxian analysis. Crucially, many of the contributions expand the scope of Marxian analysis by combining its insights with those of other intellectual traditions, including radical feminisms, critical realism and postcolonial studies. The volume defines the possibilities and challenges of fieldwork guided by Marxian analysis, including those emerging from the COVID-19 pandemic. The collection takes a global approach to the study of development and of contemporary capitalism. While some essays focus on themes and geographical areas of long-term concern for international development – like informal or rural poverty and work across South Asia, Southern and West Africa, or South America – others focus instead on actors benefitting from the development process – like regional exporters, larger farmers, and traders – or on unequal socio-economic outcomes across richer and emerging economies and regions – including Gulf countries, North America, Southern Europe, or Post-Soviet Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Some essays explore global processes cutting across the world economy, connecting multiple regions, actors and inequalities. While some of the contributions focus on classic Marxian tropes in the study of contemporary capitalism – like class, labour and working conditions, agrarian change, or global commodity chains and prices – others aim at demonstrating the relevance of the Marxian method beyond its traditional boundaries – for instance, for exploring the interplays between food, nutrition and poverty; the links between social reproduction, gender and homework; the features of migration and refugees regimes, tribal chieftaincy structures or prison labour; or the dynamics structuring global surrogacy. Overall, through the analysis of an extremely varied set of concrete settings and cases, this volume illustrates the extraordinary insights we can gain by bringing Marx in the field.


The Sociology Of Development Handbook

Author by : Gregory Hooks
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 914
File Size : 49,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Sociology of Development Handbook gathers essays that reflect the range of debates in development sociology and in the interdisciplinary study and practice of development. The essays address the pressing intellectual challenges of today, including internal and international migration, transformation of political regimes, globalization, changes in household and family formations, gender dynamics, technological change, population and economic growth, environmental sustainability, peace and war, and the production and reproduction of social and economic inequality.


Historical Materialism And Globalization

Author by : Mark Rupert
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 41
Total Download : 245
File Size : 51,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : 13 The politics of 'regulated liberalism': a historical materialist approach to European integration -- 14 Historical materialism, ideology, and the politics of globalizing capitalism -- Index


Governance Development And Social Work

Author by : Chathapuram S. Ramanathan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 100
File Size : 52,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book explores how many issues related to development and governance –including migration, disaster management, environmental justice, peace and security, sustainability, public-private partnerships, and terrorism – impact the practice of social work. It takes a global, comparative approach, reflecting the global context in which social workers now operate.


Empowerment And Participation In Youth Work

Author by : Max Hope
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 164
File Size : 52,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book will help students make sense of empowerment and participation; concepts which are key in youth and community work today.


Beyond Tenderpreneurship

Author by : MISTRA MISTRA
Languange : en
Publisher by : African Books Collective
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 130
File Size : 43,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) policies have been a central pillar of attempts to overcome the economic legacy of apartheid. Yet, more than two decades into democracy, economic exclusion in South Africa still largely reflects the fault-lines of the apartheid era. Current discourse often conflates BEE with the so-called ‘tenderpreneurship’ referred to in the title, namely the reliance of some emergent black capitalists on state patronage. Authors go beyond this notion to understand BEE’s role from a unique perspective. They trace the history of black entrepreneurship and how deliberate policies under colonialism and its apartheid variant sought to suppress this impulse. In the context of modern South Africa, authors interrogate the complex dynamics of class formation, economic empowerment and redress against the backdrop of broader macroeconomic policies. They examine questions relating to whether B-BBEE policies are informed by strategies to change the structure of the economy. These issues are explored against the backdrop of the experiences of other developing countries and their journeys of industrialisation. The relevant black empowerment experiences of countries such as the United States are also discussed. The authors identify policy and programmatic interventions to forge the non-racial future that the constitution enjoins South Africans to build.