Description : Although the United States is currently capitalizing on its investment in science and technology effectively, there remains much room for improvement. This volume identifies the ingredients for success in capitalizing on such investments to produce national benefits, assesses current U.S. performance, and identifies future challenges. The book cites specific examples and examines several cross-cutting issues. It explores the possibility that the national research portfolio is losing diversity as a result of less long-term research in critical fields such as networking and materials. It also examines the implications of imbalances in the supply of and demand for science and engineering talent in emerging interdisciplinary fields such as bioinformatics.
Description : This book is largely based on a 1998 forum where participants from across America discussed ways to improve the utilization of science and technology for economic growth over the next several decades. A steering committee of prominent Americans, co-chaired by SEMATECH Chairman William Spencer and former Pennsylvania Governor and U.S. Attorney General Dick Thornburgh, developed consensus recommendations from the forum input. Harnessing Science and Technology for America's Economic Future puts forward long-term goals for the nation and associated action items. It includes background papers and talks from the forum, covers the economics of science and technology-based growth, industry trends, the role of government, education, research universities, and the international context.
Description : This report addresses a topic of recognized policy concern. To capture the benefits of substantial U.S. investments in biomedical R&D, parallel investments in a wide range of seemingly unrelated disciplines are also required. This report summarizes a major conference that reviewed our nationâ€™s R&D support for biotechnology and information technologies. The volume includes newly commissioned research and makes recommendations and findings concerning the important relationship between information technologies and biotechnology. It emphasizes the fall off in R&D investments needed to sustain the growth of the U.S. economy and to capitalize on the growing investment in biomedicine. It also encourages greater support for inter-disciplinary training to support new areas such as bioinformatics and urges more emphasis on and support for multi-disciplinary research centers.
Author by : National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine
Languange : en
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 478
File Size : 46,5 Mb
Description : How can the federal government gauge the overall health of scientific research--as a whole and in its parts--and determine whether national funding adequately supports national research objectives? It is feasible to monitor US performance with field-by-field peer assessments. This might be done through the establishment of independent panels consisting of researchers who work in a field, individuals who work in closely related fields, and research "users" who follow the field closely. Some of these individuals should be outstanding foreign scientists in the field being examined. This technique of comparative international assessments is also known as international benchmarking. Experiments in International Benchmarking of U.S. Research Fields evaluates the feasibility and utility of the benchmarking technique. In order to do this, the report internationally benchmarks three fields: mathematics, immunology, and materials science and engineering, then summarizes the results of these experiments.
Description : This book presents for the first time a detailed and comprehensive interpretation of Zhongguancun, China’s first national self-dependent innovation demonstration zone. Explored in the book are examples of world-class, leading enterprises in fields, such as the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence, green and low-carbon, modern supply chain and high-end service. According to some data, the rate of contribution to the economic increase of Beijing made by Zhongguancun rose to 36.8% in 2015 from 17.9% in 2010. More specifically, in 2015, nearly 40% of the economic increase in Beijing was contributed by Zhongguancun Science Park. By 2017, Zhongguancun fostered 650 gazelle enterprises and 70 unicorn companies. The book also uniquely provides readers with a panoramic interpretation of the environment for innovation and entrepreneurship in Zhongguancun. It is mainly divided into three parts: History of Zhongguancun, Data of Zhongguancun, Cases of Zhongguancun and Policies of Zhongguancun. Through the depiction of history, data, cases and policy, this book clarifies that in most cases, enterprises in Zhongguancun become successes by following such a road characterized by starting from scratch and by relying on science and technology innovation and expanding from small to big by virtue of the capital market. ““Zhongguancun Model: Driving the Dual Engines of Science & Technology and Capital” deepens the reader’s understanding of the new economy development in China and is essential reading for business/management researchers and practitioners, economists, IT specialists, and IT policy makers around the world.
Description : This report covers discussions at a symposium on the International Context for National Science and Technology Strategies. The meeting was held May 7, 1997 at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C., and was organized by the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable (GUIRR). The symposium featured presentations by experts representing academic, industry, and government viewpoints, from countries including China, Finland, France, Korea, Mexico, Poland, and the United States. The purpose of the activity was to explore how various countries and regions are developing science and technology strategies in the unfolding context of global economic integration and privatization, as well as mobility of people and information. The implications for future international cooperation were considered in this modern framework.
Description : Examines current trends toward increasing links between industry and academia and the resulting commercialization of universities as they seek to capitalize their research.