Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction

Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction
Author: George R. McGhee
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2017-09
ISBN: 9780231180979
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction Book Excerpt:

Harbingers of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age -- The big chill -- The Late Carboniferous ice world -- Giants in the earth -- The end of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age -- The end of the Paleozoic world -- The legacy of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age

Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction

Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction
Author: George R. McGhee Jr.
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2018-08-07
ISBN: 0231543387
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction Book Excerpt:

Picture a world of dog-sized scorpions and millipedes as long as a car; tropical rainforests with trees towering over 150 feet into the sky and a giant polar continent five times larger than Antarctica. That world was not imaginary; it was the earth more than 300 million years ago in the Carboniferous period of the Paleozoic era. In Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction, George R. McGhee Jr. explores that ancient world, explaining its origins; its downfall in the end-Permian mass extinction, the greatest biodiversity crisis to occur since the evolution of animal life on Earth; and how its legacies still affect us today. McGhee investigates the consequences of the Late Paleozoic ice age in this comprehensive portrait of the effects of ancient climate change on global ecology. Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction examines the climatic conditions that allowed for the evolution of gigantic animals and the formation of the largest tropical rainforests ever to exist, which in time turned into the coal that made the industrial revolution possible—and fuels the engine of contemporary anthropogenic climate change. Exploring the strange and fascinating flora and fauna of the Late Paleozoic ice age world, McGhee focuses his analysis on the forces that brought this world to an abrupt and violent end. Synthesizing decades of research and new discoveries, this comprehensive book provides a wealth of insights into past and present extinction events and climate change.

A Very Short History of Life on Earth

A  Very  Short History of Life on Earth
Author: Henry Gee
Publsiher: St. Martin's Press
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2021-11-09
ISBN: 1250276667
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Very Short History of Life on Earth Book Excerpt:

"[A]n exuberant romp through evolution, like a modern-day Willy Wonka of genetic space. Gee’s grand tour enthusiastically details the narrative underlying life’s erratic and often whimsical exploration of biological form and function.” —Adrian Woolfson, The Washington Post In the tradition of Richard Dawkins, Bill Bryson, and Simon Winchester—An entertaining and uniquely informed narration of Life's life story. In the beginning, Earth was an inhospitably alien place—in constant chemical flux, covered with churning seas, crafting its landscape through incessant volcanic eruptions. Amid all this tumult and disaster, life began. The earliest living things were no more than membranes stretched across microscopic gaps in rocks, where boiling hot jets of mineral-rich water gushed out from cracks in the ocean floor. Although these membranes were leaky, the environment within them became different from the raging maelstrom beyond. These havens of order slowly refined the generation of energy, using it to form membrane-bound bubbles that were mostly-faithful copies of their parents—a foamy lather of soap-bubble cells standing as tiny clenched fists, defiant against the lifeless world. Life on this planet has continued in much the same way for millennia, adapting to literally every conceivable setback that living organisms could encounter and thriving, from these humblest beginnings to the thrilling and unlikely story of ourselves. In A (Very) Short History of Life on Earth, Henry Gee zips through the last 4.6 billion years with infectious enthusiasm and intellectual rigor. Drawing on the very latest scientific understanding and writing in a clear, accessible style, he tells an enlightening tale of survival and persistence that illuminates the delicate balance within which life has always existed.

Kong Godzilla and the Living Earth

Kong  Godzilla and the Living Earth
Author: Allen A. Debus
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2022-06-09
ISBN: 1476646538
Category: Performing Arts
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kong Godzilla and the Living Earth Book Excerpt:

During the 2010s, science fiction's immortal adversaries King Kong and Godzilla, representing our conflicts per Carl Sagan's "dream dragons" analogy, made comebacks in American cinema. The blockbuster Kaiju resurged onto the screen, depicting these protectors of an Earth plagued by mankind's hubris and folly. With Earth's future hanging in the balance, their climactic 2021 staging settled a score between the two giant monsters, resolving Toho's classic 1963 film King Kong vs. Godzilla. As formidable creatures emerging from Time's Tomb on Mother Earth, metaphorical Kong and Godzilla are considered here in light of new millennial environmentalism's stark reality. This book, nostalgic in tone, explores the meaning of Kong and Godzilla as planetary saviors--titanic protectors of a theoretical "living Earth" Gaia--defending the globe from a prehistoric plague of adversaries.

Convergent Evolution on Earth

Convergent Evolution on Earth
Author: George R. McGhee, Jr.
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2019-10-15
ISBN: 0262042738
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Convergent Evolution on Earth Book Excerpt:

An analysis of patterns of convergent evolution on Earth that suggests where we might look for similar convergent forms on other planets. Why does a sea lily look like a palm tree? And why is a sea lily called a “lily” when it is a marine animal and not a plant? Many marine animals bear a noticeable similarity in form to land-dwelling plants. And yet these marine animal forms evolved in the oceans first; land plants independently and convergently evolved similar forms much later in geologic time. In this book, George McGhee analyzes patterns of convergent evolution on Earth and argues that these patterns offer lessons for the search for life elsewhere in the universe. Our Earth is a water world; 71 percent of the earth's surface is covered by water. The fossil record shows that multicellular life on dry land is a new phenomenon; for the vast majority of the earth's history—3,500 million years of its 4,560 million years of existence—complex life existed only in the oceans. Explaining that convergent biological evolution occurs because of limited evolutionary pathways, McGhee examines examples of convergent evolution in forms of feeding, immobility and mobility, defense, and organ systems. McGhee suggests that the patterns of convergent evolution that we see in our own water world indicate the potential for similar convergent forms in other water worlds. We should search for extraterrestrial life on water worlds, and for technological life on water worlds with continental landmasses.

An Anthropology of Deep Time

An Anthropology of Deep Time
Author: Richard D. G. Irvine
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-05-31
ISBN: 1108869955
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Anthropology of Deep Time Book Excerpt:

In the face of debates about the Anthropocene - a geological epoch of our own making - and contemporary concerns about ecological crisis and the Sixth Mass Extinction, it is more important than ever to locate the timeframe of human activity within the deep time of planetary history. This path-breaking book is a timely critical review of the anthropology of time, exploring our human relationship with the timescale of geological formation. Richard D. G. Irvine shows how the time-horizons of social life are a matter of crucial concern, and lays bare the ways in which human activity becomes severed from the long-term geological and ecological rhythms on which it depends.

Carbon Isotope Stratigraphy

Carbon Isotope Stratigraphy
Author: Michael Montenari
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 780
Release: 2020-10-30
ISBN: 0128209925
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon Isotope Stratigraphy Book Excerpt:

Carbon Isotope Stratigraphy, Volume Five in the Advances in Sequence Stratigraphy series, covers research in stratigraphic disciplines, including the most recent developments in the geosciences. This fully commissioned review publication aims to foster and convey progress in stratigraphy with its inclusion of a variety of topics, including Carbon isotope stratigraphy - principles and applications, Interpreting Phanerozoic d13C patterns as periodic glacio-eustatic sequences, Stable carbon isotopes in archaeological plant remains, Review of the Upper Ediacaran-Lower Cambrian Detrital Series in Central and North Iberia: NE Africa as possible Source Area, Calibrating d13C and d18O chemostratigraphic correlations across Cambrian strata of SW, and much more. Contains contributions from leading authorities in the field Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Aims to foster and convey progress in stratigraphy, including geochronology, magnetostratigraphy, lithostratigraphy, event-stratigraphy, and more

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 5622
Release: 2020-12-16
ISBN: 0081029098
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Geology Book Excerpt:

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

The Carboniferous Timescale

The Carboniferous Timescale
Author: S.G. Lucas,J-W. Schneider,X. Wang,S. Nikolaeva
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 1016
Release: 2022-04-26
ISBN: 1786205424
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Carboniferous Timescale Book Excerpt:

The print edition is published as 2 hardback volumes, parts A and B, and sold as a set. The Carboniferous was the time of the assembly of Pangaea by the collision of the Gondwanan and Larussian supercontinents, and the principal interval of the late Paleozoic ice ages. These tectonic and climatic events caused dramatic sea-level fluctuations and climate changes and produced a Carboniferous world that was diverse topographically and climatologically, perhaps only rivalled in that diversity by the late Cenozoic world. Furthermore, the Carboniferous was a time of the accumulation of vast coal deposits of great economic and societal significance. The temporal ordering of geological and biotic events during Carboniferous time thus is critical to the interpretation of some unique and pivotal events in Earth history. This temporal ordering is based on the Carboniferous timescale, which has been developed and refined for nearly two centuries. This book reviews the history of the development of the Carboniferous chronostratigraphic scale and includes comprehensive analyses of Carboniferous radioisotopic ages, magnetostratigraphy, isotope-based correlations, cyclostratigraphy and timescale-relevant marine and non-marine biostratigraphy and biochronology.

Knowledge Encyclopedia Animal

Knowledge Encyclopedia Animal
Author: DK
Publsiher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2016-10-03
ISBN: 0241289645
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Knowledge Encyclopedia Animal Book Excerpt:

From the wings of the almighty albatross to the deadly facts of the great white shark, Knowledge Encyclopedia Animal! transports you into the jaw-dropping, heart-thumping, pulse-racing world of the animal kingdom. Exploring everything from habitats and ecosystems to senses and respiration, Knowledge Encyclopedia Animal! is easy to follow and full of fun facts for kids. Bursting with amazing 3D images, the animals are brought to life, from the tiniest of crustaceans to the mightiest of mammals, in a brand new, all-encompassing animal expedition. Knowledge Encyclopedia Animal! allows you to take a closer look at the ever-evolving world of your favourite animals and is perfect for children aged 9 and up. Get ready to bring the animal kingdom to rip-roaring life!

The Crato Fossil Beds of Brazil

The Crato Fossil Beds of Brazil
Author: David M. Martill,Günter Bechly,Robert F. Loveridge
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007-12-13
ISBN: 113946776X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Crato Fossil Beds of Brazil Book Excerpt:

This beautifully illustrated 2007 volume describes the entire flora and fauna of the famous Lower Cretaceous Crato Formation of Brazil - one of the world's most important fossil deposits, exhibiting exceptional preservation. A wide range of invertebrates and vertebrates are covered, including extended sections on pterosaurs and insects. Two chapters are devoted to plants. Many of the chapters include descriptions of new species and re-descriptions and appraisals of taxa published in obscure places, rendering them available to a wider audience. Fossil descriptions are supported by detailed explanations of the geological history of the deposit and its tectonic setting. Drawing on expertise from around the world and specimens from the most important museum collections, this book forms an essential reference for researchers and enthusiasts with an interest in Mesozoic fossils.

Isotope Geochemistry

Isotope Geochemistry
Author: Heinrich D Holland,Karl K. Turekian
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 752
Release: 2010-09-27
ISBN: 9780080967110
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Isotope Geochemistry Book Excerpt:

After the discovery that elements were commonly composed of isotopes, there developed a range of studies of the variability of isotopic compositions in Earth materials, which was able to add to our understanding of Earth processes and history. This collection of chapters from the Treatise on Geochemistry describes the range of isotopic studies. The chapters are grouped into the following categories: light stable isotopes, radiogenic tracers, noble gases and radioactive tracers. The first three groups depend on mass spectrometric measurements. The section on radioactive tracers employs both radioactive counting techniques and the newly developed accelerator mass spectrometric techniques. Comprehensive, interdisciplinary and authoritative content selected by leading subject experts Robust illustrations, figures and tables Affordably priced sampling of content from the full Treatise on Geochemistry

Geochemistry of Earth Surface Systems

Geochemistry of Earth Surface Systems
Author: Heinrich D Holland,Karl K. Turekian
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2010-09-27
ISBN: 9780080967073
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochemistry of Earth Surface Systems Book Excerpt:

Geochemistry of Earth Surface Systems offers an interdisciplinary reference for scientists, researchers and upper undergraduate and graduate level geochemistry students a sampling of articles on earth surface processes from The Treatise on Geochemistry that is more affordable than the full Treatise. For professionals, this volume will provide an overview of the field as a whole. For students, it will provide more in-depth introductory content than is found in broad-based geochemistry textbooks. Articles were selected from chapters across all volumes of the full Treatise, and include: Volcanic Degassing, Hydrothermal Processes, The Contemporary Carbon Cycle, Global Occurrence of Major Elements in Rivers, Organic Matter in the Contemporary Ocean, The Biological Pump, and Evolution of Sedimentary Rocks. Comprehensive, interdisciplinary and authoritative content selected by leading subject experts Robust illustrations, figures and tables Affordably priced sampling of content from the full Treatise on Geochemistry

The Great Paleozoic Crisis

The Great Paleozoic Crisis
Author: Douglas H. Erwin
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 327
Release: 1993
ISBN: 0231074662
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Great Paleozoic Crisis Book Excerpt:

The culmination of more than fifty years of research by the foremost living expert on plant classification, Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants is an important contribution to the field of plant taxonomy. In the last decade, the system of classifying plants has been thoroughly revised. Instead of describing every individual family, Takhtajan includes descriptions in keys to families, which he calls "descriptive keys." The advantage of descriptive keys is that they give both the characteristic features of the families and their differences. The delimitation of families and orders drastically differs from the one accepted by the Englerian school and from the one accepted in Arthur Cronquist's system. Takhtajan favors the smaller, more natural families and orders, which are more coherent and better-defined, where characters are easily grasped, and which are more suitable for information retrieval and phylogenetic studies, including cladistic analysis (because it reduces polymorphic codings).

The Insects

The Insects
Author: P. J. Gullan,P. S. Cranston
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2014-11-03
ISBN: 111884615X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Insects Book Excerpt:

Insects represent over half of the planet’s biological diversity. This popular textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to this extraordinary diversity, and places entomology central to the theory and practice of evolutionary and ecological studies. Fully revised, this fifth edition opens with a chapter concerning the popular side of insect studies, including insects in citizen science, zoos and butterfly houses, and insects as food for humans and animals. Key features of insect structure, function, behaviour, ecology and classification are integrated with appropriate molecular studies. Much of the book is organized around major biological themes: living on the ground, in water, on plants, in colonies, and as predators, parasites/parasitoids and prey insects. A strong evolutionary theme is maintained throughout. There is major revision to the chapter on systematics and a new chapter, Insects in a Changing World, includes insect responses to, and the consequences of, both climate change and human-assisted global alterations to distributions. Updated ‘Taxoboxes’ demonstrate topical issues and provide concise information on all aspects of each of the 28 major groupings (orders) of insects, plus the three orders of non-insect hexapods. New boxes describe a worrying increase in insect threats to landscape and commercial trees (including eucalypts, palms and coffee) and explain the value of genetic data, including evolutionary developmental biology and DNA barcoding, in insect biodiversity studies. The authors maintain the clarity and conciseness of earlier editions, and extend the profuse illustrations with new hand-drawn figures. Over 50 colour photographs, together with the informative text and an accompanying website with links to video clips, appendices, textboxes and further reading lists, encourage a deeper scientific study of insects. The book is intended as the principal text for students studying entomology, as well as a reference text for undergraduate and graduate courses in the fields of ecology, agriculture, fisheries and forestry, palaeontology, zoology, and medical and veterinary science.

Oxygen

Oxygen
Author: Nick Lane
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 385
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9780198607830
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxygen Book Excerpt:

Oxygen offers fresh perspectives on our own lives and deaths, explaining modern killer diseases, why we age, and what we can do about it. Advancing revelatory new ideas, following chains of evidence, the book ranges through many disciplines, from environmental sciences to molecular medicine. Damage to DNA caused by oxidative stress appears to explain aging and many of its diseases, hence the popularity in alternative health circles of antioxidants. But antioxidants alone fail to prevent aging. Lane suggests two different avenues of study: modulation of the immune system, which generates free radicals as part of its defense against infectious diseases; and ways of improving the health of our cellular mitochondria, on which many age-related ailments seem to depend. Provocative and complexly argued. Copyright ©Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.

Biogeochemistry

Biogeochemistry
Author: W.H. Schlesinger
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 702
Release: 2005-06-22
ISBN: 9780080446424
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biogeochemistry Book Excerpt:

The Treatise on Geochemistry is the first work providing a comprehensive, integrated summary of the present state of geochemistry. It deals with all the major subjects in the field, ranging from the chemistry of the solar system to environmental geochemistry. The Treatise on Geochemistry has drawn on the expertise of outstanding scientists throughout the world, creating the reference work in geochemistry for the next decade. Each volume consists of fifteen to twenty-five chapters written by recognized authorities in their fields, and chosen by the Volume Editors in consultation with the Executive Editors. Particular emphasis has been placed on integrating the subject matter of the individual chapters and volumes. Elsevier also offers the Treatise on Geochemistry in electronic format via the online platform ScienceDirect, the most comprehensive database of academic research on the Internet today, enhanced by a suite of sophisticated linking, searching and retrieval tools.

A Concise Dictionary of Paleontology

A Concise Dictionary of Paleontology
Author: Robert L. Carlton
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2018-03-07
ISBN: 331973055X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Concise Dictionary of Paleontology Book Excerpt:

This authored dictionary presents a unique glossary of paleontological terms, taxa, localities, and concepts, with focus on the most significant orders, genera, and species in terms of historical turning points such as mass extinctions. The book is an accurate and up-to-date collection of the most important paleontological terms and taxa, and may be used as a resource by students, researchers, libraries, and museums. Though useful to many in professional and academic settings, the book is also aimed at general readers of scientific literature who may enjoy the material without a background in paleontology. While there are many current resources on the subject, few fully encapsulate an accurate representation of the paleontological lexicon. This book attempts to compile such a representation in a moderately comprehensive manner, and includes a list of the most important monographs and articles that have been consulted to put together this essential work.

A Time Before New Hampshire

A Time Before New Hampshire
Author: Michael J. Caduto
Publsiher: UPNE
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2004-05
ISBN: 9781584653363
Category: Travel
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Time Before New Hampshire Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive look at the geography, environment, and peoples of the land that became New Hampshire, from ancient times through the colonial era.

Earth and Life

Earth and Life
Author: John A. Talent
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1100
Release: 2012-06-28
ISBN: 9048134285
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earth and Life Book Excerpt:

This volume focuses on the broad pattern of increasing biodiversity through time, and recurrent events of minor and major ecosphere reorganization. Intense scrutiny is devoted to the pattern of physical (including isotopic), sedimentary and biotic circumstances through the time intervals during which life crises occurred. These events affected terrestrial, lacustrine and estuarine ecosystems, locally and globally, but have affected continental shelf ecosystems and even deep ocean ecosystems. The pattern of these events is the backdrop against which modelling the pattern of future environmental change needs to be evaluated.