Catchment Hydrological Modelling

Catchment Hydrological Modelling
Author: Shreedhar Maskey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2022-04-19
ISBN: 0128183373
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Catchment Hydrological Modelling Book Excerpt:

Catchment Hydrological Modelling: The Science and Art covers various methods (and equations) for modeling all components of a CHM. Readers are presented with multiple methods and approaches to modeling the same component, allowing them to distinguish the differences between methods. The books also provides a clear understanding of what makes some commonly used hydrological models similar or different and what their strengths and weaknesses may be. This comprehensive guide contains questions and answers in each chapter, along with concepts and detailed equations that are fundamental to understanding CHM. This book is useful to students and professionals in the fields of catchment and hydrology, as well as environmental and civil engineers. Includes practical advice on developing and/or applying CHM models, empowering readers to do so themselves Presents practical aspects of catchment modeling, from model structure design to model operation Presents hydrological catchment modeling in a clear and coherent way while also describing different approaches for the same processes

Catchment Hydrological Modelling

Catchment Hydrological Modelling
Author: Shreedhar Maskey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2022-04-26
ISBN: 0128183381
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Catchment Hydrological Modelling Book Excerpt:

Catchment Hydrological Modelling: The Science and Art covers various methods (and equations) for modeling all components of a CHM. Readers are presented with multiple methods and approaches to modeling the same component, allowing them to distinguish the differences between methods. The books also provides a clear understanding of what makes some commonly used hydrological models similar or different and what their strengths and weaknesses may be. This comprehensive guide contains questions and answers in each chapter, along with concepts and detailed equations that are fundamental to understanding CHM. This book is useful to students and professionals in the fields of catchment and hydrology, as well as environmental and civil engineers. Includes practical advice on developing and/or applying CHM models, empowering readers to do so themselves Presents practical aspects of catchment modeling, from model structure design to model operation Presents hydrological catchment modeling in a clear and coherent way while also describing different approaches for the same processes

Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology

Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology
Author: Rodger Grayson,Günter Blöschl
Publsiher: CUP Archive
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2001-08-06
ISBN: 9780521633161
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology Book Excerpt:

Describes use of observed patterns in understanding and modelling hydrological response, for researchers and graduate students.

Weather Radar Information and Distributed Hydrological Modelling

Weather Radar Information and Distributed Hydrological Modelling
Author: Yasuto Tachikawa
Publsiher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9781901502374
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Weather Radar Information and Distributed Hydrological Modelling Book Excerpt:

Integrating Multiple Sources of Information for Improving Hydrological Modelling an Ensemble Approach

Integrating Multiple Sources of Information for Improving Hydrological Modelling  an Ensemble Approach
Author: Isnaeni Murdi Hartanto
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2019-04-24
ISBN: 1000458687
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrating Multiple Sources of Information for Improving Hydrological Modelling an Ensemble Approach Book Excerpt:

The availability of Earth observation and numerical weather prediction data for hydrological modelling and water management has increased significantly, creating a situation that today, for the same variable, estimates may be available from two or more sources of information. Yet, in hydrological modelling, usually, a particular set of catchment characteristics and input data is selected, possibly ignoring other relevant data sources. In this thesis, therefore, a framework is being proposed to enable effective use of multiple data sources in hydrological modelling. In this framework, each available data source is used to derive catchment parameter values or input time series. Each unique combination of catchment and input data sources thus leads to a different hydrological simulation result: a new ensemble member. Together, the members form an ensemble of hydrological simulations. By following this approach, all available data sources are used effectively and their information is preserved. The framework also accommodates for applying multiple data-model integration methods, e.g. data assimilation. Each alternative integration method leads to yet another unique simulation result. Case study results for a distributed hydrological model of Rijnland, the Netherlands, show that the framework can be applied effectively, improve discharge simulation, and partially account for parameter and data uncertainty.

Distributed Hydrological Modelling

Distributed Hydrological Modelling
Author: Michael B. Abbott,Jens Christian Refsgaard
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400902573
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Distributed Hydrological Modelling Book Excerpt:

It is the task of the engineer, as of any other professional person, to do everything that is reasonably possible to analyse the difficulties with which his or her client is confronted, and on this basis to design solutions and implement these in practice. The distributed hydrological model is, correspondingly, the means for doing everything that is reasonably possible - of mobilising as much data and testing it with as much knowledge as is economically feasible - for the purpose of analysing problems and of designing and implementing remedial measures in the case of difficulties arising within the hydrological cycle. Thus the aim of distributed hydrologic modelling is to make the fullest use of cartographic data, of geological data, of satellite data, of stream discharge measurements, of borehole data, of observations of crops and other vegetation, of historical records of floods and droughts, and indeed of everything else that has ever been recorded or remembered, and then to apply to this everything that is known about meteorology, plant physiology, soil physics, hydrogeology, sediment transport and everything else that is relevant within this context. Of course, no matter how much data we have and no matter how much we know, it will never be enough to treat some problems and some situations, but still we can aim in this way to do the best that we possibly can.

Hydrological Modelling and the Water Cycle

Hydrological Modelling and the Water Cycle
Author: Soroosh Sorooshian,Kuo-lin Hsu,Erika Coppola,Barbara Tomassetti,Marco Verdecchia,Guido Visconti
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2008-07-18
ISBN: 3540778438
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrological Modelling and the Water Cycle Book Excerpt:

This volume is a collection of a selected number of articles based on presentations at the 2005 L’Aquila (Italy) Summer School on the topic of “Hydrologic Modeling and Water Cycle: Coupling of the Atmosphere and Hydrological Models”. The p- mary focus of this volume is on hydrologic modeling and their data requirements, especially precipitation. As the eld of hydrologic modeling is experiencing rapid development and transition to application of distributed models, many challenges including overcoming the requirements of compatible observations of inputs and outputs must be addressed. A number of papers address the recent advances in the State-of-the-art distributed precipitation estimation from satellites. A number of articles address the issues related to the data merging and use of geo-statistical techniques for addressing data limitations at spatial resolutions to capture the h- erogeneity of physical processes. The participants at the School came from diverse backgrounds and the level of - terest and active involvement in the discussions clearly demonstrated the importance the scienti c community places on challenges related to the coupling of atmospheric and hydrologic models. Along with my colleagues Dr. Erika Coppola and Dr. Kuolin Hsu, co-directors of the School, we greatly appreciate the invited lectures and all the participants. The members of the local organizing committee, Drs Barbara Tomassetti; Marco Verdecchia and Guido Visconti were instrumental in the success of the school and their contributions, both scienti cally and organizationally are much appreciated.

Distributed Hydrological Modelling

Distributed Hydrological Modelling
Author: K. J. Beven
Publsiher: Advances in Hydrological Proce
Total Pages: 368
Release: 1997
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Distributed Hydrological Modelling Book Excerpt:

The current popularity of the rainfall-runoff model Topmodel is a direct result of the widespread availability of catchment GIS systems and particularly of digital terrain maps. Water flows downhill, therefore topography must be hydrologically significant, therefore how can the digital terrain data be used in hydrological modelling to improve the realism of the predictions? There are not many choices available: Topmodel is one of them but the concepts on which it is based will not be applicable everywhere (see some of the papers in this volume). Indeed, one of the most important aspects of the use of Topmodel is the possibility of mapping the simulations back into space so that the distributed predictions can be compared with field observations. The experiences reported here in applications from around the world represent an excellent summary of the success and limitations of the concepts in a wide variety of environments. Topmodel was never intended to be a fixed model structure but rather a set of concepts that could be modified if required. As such it is important that the experiences of other uses can be gathered together and passed on.

Hydrological Modelling in Arid and Semi Arid Areas

Hydrological Modelling in Arid and Semi Arid Areas
Author: Howard Wheater,Soroosh Sorooshian,K. D. Sharma
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007-11-22
ISBN: 1139468081
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrological Modelling in Arid and Semi Arid Areas Book Excerpt:

Arid and semi-arid regions are defined as areas where water is at its most scarce. The hydrological regime in these areas is extreme and highly variable, and they face great pressures to deliver and manage freshwater resources. However, there is no guidance on the decision support tools that are needed to underpin flood and water resource management in arid areas. UNESCO initiated the Global network for Water and Development Information for arid lands (GWADI), and arranged a workshop of the world's leading experts to discuss these issues. This book presents chapters from contributors to the workshop, and includes case studies from the world's major arid regions to demonstrate model applications, and web links to tutorials and state of the art modelling software. This volume is a valuable reference for researchers and engineers working on the water resources of arid and semi-arid regions.

Integrated Methods in Catchment Hydrology

Integrated Methods in Catchment Hydrology
Author: International Association of Hydrological Sciences
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 300
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9781901502015
Category: Groundwater tracers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Methods in Catchment Hydrology Book Excerpt:

Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling
Author: John Wainwright,Mark Mulligan
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 433
Release: 2005-04-08
ISBN: 0470091541
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Modelling Book Excerpt:

Simulation models are increasingly used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines eg. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology, engineering. Environmental Modelling: A Practical Approach addresses the development, testing and application of such models, which apply across traditional boundaries, and demonstrate how interactions across these boundaries can be beneficial. Provides a general overview of methods and approaches as well as focusing on key subject areas written by leading practitioners in the field Assesses the advantages and disadvantages of different models used and provides case studies supported with data, output, tutorial exercises and links to the model and/or model applications via the book's website Covers major developments in the field, eg. the use of GIS and remote sensing techniques, and scaling issues As associated website contains colour images, as well as links to www resources

River Basin Modelling for Flood Risk Mitigation

River Basin Modelling for Flood Risk Mitigation
Author: Donald Knight,Asaad Shamseldin
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 626
Release: 2005-11-17
ISBN: 9781439824702
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

River Basin Modelling for Flood Risk Mitigation Book Excerpt:

Flooding accounts for one-third of natural disasters worldwide and for over half the deaths which occur as a result of natural disasters. As the frequency and volume of flooding increases, as a result of climate change, there is a new urgency amongst researchers and professionals working in flood risk management. River Basin Modelling for Flood Risk Mitigation brings together thirty edited papers by leading experts who gathered for the European Union’s Advanced Study Course at the University of Birmingham, UK. The scope of the course ranged from issues concerning the protection of life, to river restoration and wetland management. A variety of topics is covered in the book including climate change, hydro-informatics, hydro-meterology, river flow forecasting systems and dam-break modelling. The approach is broad, but integrated, providing an attractive and informative package that will satisfy researchers and professionals, while offering a sound introduction to students in Engineering and Geography.

Rainfall Runoff Modelling

Rainfall Runoff Modelling
Author: Keith J. Beven
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 489
Release: 2012-01-30
ISBN: 047071459X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rainfall Runoff Modelling Book Excerpt:

Rainfall-Runoff Modelling: The Primer, Second Edition is the follow-up of this popular and authoritative text, first published in 2001. The book provides both a primer for the novice and detailed descriptions of techniques for more advanced practitioners, covering rainfall-runoff models and their practical applications. This new edition extends these aims to include additional chapters dealing with prediction in ungauged basins, predicting residence time distributions, predicting the impacts of change and the next generation of hydrological models. Giving a comprehensive summary of available techniques based on established practices and recent research the book offers a thorough and accessible overview of the area. Rainfall-Runoff Modelling: The Primer Second Edition focuses on predicting hydrographs using models based on data and on representations of hydrological process. Dealing with the history of the development of rainfall-runoff models, uncertainty in mode predictions, good and bad practice and ending with a look at how to predict future catchment hydrological responses this book provides an essential underpinning of rainfall-runoff modelling topics. Fully revised and updated version of this highly popular text Suitable for both novices in the area and for more advanced users and developers Written by a leading expert in the field Guide to internet sources for rainfall-runoff modelling software

Modelling the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources

Modelling the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources
Author: C. Fai Fung,Ana Lopez,Mark New
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2011-07-05
ISBN: 1444348175
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources Book Excerpt:

The quantitative assessment of the impact of climate change on water availability and water resources management requires knowledge of climate, hydro(geo)logical and water resources models, and particularly the relationships between each of them. This book brings together world experts on each of these aspects, distilling each complex topic into concise and easy to understand chapters, in which both the uses and limitations of modelling are explored. The book concludes with a set of case studies using real-life examples to illustrate the steps required and the problems that can be faced in assessing the potential impacts of climate change on water resource systems. For students, scientists, engineers and decision-makers alike, this book provides an invaluable and critical look at the information that is provided by climate models, and the ways it is used in modelling water systems. A key focus is the exploration of how uncertainties may accrue at each stage of an impacts assessment, and the reliability of the resulting information. The book is a practical guide to understanding the opportunities and pitfalls in the quantitative assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation in the water resource sector.

Rainfall runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments

Rainfall runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments
Author: Thorsten Wagener,Howard Wheater,Hoshin Vijai Gupta
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 333
Release: 2004
ISBN: 1860944663
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rainfall runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments Book Excerpt:

This important monograph is based on the results of a study on the identification of conceptual lumped rainfall-runoff models for gauged and ungauged catchments. The task of model identification remains difficult despite decades of research. A detailed problem analysis and an extensive review form the basis for the development of a Matlab? modelling toolkit consisting of two components: a Rainfall-Runoff Modelling Toolbox (RRMT) and a Monte Carlo Analysis Toolbox (MCAT). These are subsequently applied to study the tasks of model identification and evaluation. A novel dynamic identifiability approach has been developed for the gauged catchment case. The theory underlying the application of rainfall-runoff models for predictions in ungauged catchments is studied, problems are highlighted and promising ways to move forward are investigated. Modelling frameworks for both gauged and ungauged cases are developed. This book presents the first extensive treatment of rainfall-runoff model identification in gauged and ungauged catchments.

Understanding the Impact of Human Interventions on the Hydrology of Nile Basin Headwaters the Case of Upper Tekeze Catchments

Understanding the Impact of Human Interventions on the Hydrology of Nile Basin Headwaters  the Case of Upper Tekeze Catchments
Author: Tesfay Gebretsadkan Gebremicael
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2019-11-26
ISBN: 1000734420
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding the Impact of Human Interventions on the Hydrology of Nile Basin Headwaters the Case of Upper Tekeze Catchments Book Excerpt:

The availability and distribution of water resources in catchments are influenced by various natural and anthropogenic factors. Human-induced environmental changes are key factors controlling the hydrological flows of semi-arid catchments. Land degradation, water scarcity and inefficient utilization of available water resources continue to be important constraints for socio-economic development in the headwater catchments of the Nile river basin in particular over the Ethiopian Catchments. This research investigates the impact of landscape anthropogenic changes on the hydrological processes in the Upper Tekeze basin (A tributary of the Nile). The hydrology of the basin is investigated through analysis of hydro-climatic data, remote sensing techniques, new field measurements and parsimonious hydrological models. The empirical evidence provided in this book confirms that human-induced environmental changes can significantly change the hydrology of catchments, both in negative (degradation) and in positive (restoration) ways. This book also shows that rainfall-runoff relationships in semi-arid catchments are non-uniform and hence the application of hydrological models in such catchments need special attention. Moreover, parsimonious dynamic hydrological model improves our understanding of the hydrological response to dynamic environmental changes.

Hydrological Modelling of a Catchment Supported by the Discharge of Treated Wastewater A Comparison of Two Model Concepts

Hydrological Modelling of a Catchment Supported by the Discharge of Treated Wastewater   A Comparison of Two Model Concepts
Author: Sebastian Rudnick
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Groundwater
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrological Modelling of a Catchment Supported by the Discharge of Treated Wastewater A Comparison of Two Model Concepts Book Excerpt:

Hydrology Advances in Theory and Practice

Hydrology  Advances in Theory and Practice
Author: Nevil W. Quinn
Publsiher: IWA Publishing
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2020-04-15
ISBN: 1789061423
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrology Advances in Theory and Practice Book Excerpt:

Hydrology: Advances in Theory and Practice, brings together contributions to both the theory and practice of hydrology, including chapters on (amongst other topics) flood estimation methods and hydrological modelling. The book also looks forward with a global hydrology research agenda fit for the 2030s, and explores how to make advances in hydrological modelling – based on almost 50 years of modelling experience. In Focus – a book series that showcases the latest accomplishments in water research. Each book focuses on a specialist area with papers from top experts in the field. It aims to be a vehicle for in-depth understanding and inspire further conversations in the sector.

Mathematical Models of Small Watershed Hydrology and Applications

Mathematical Models of Small Watershed Hydrology and Applications
Author: Vijay P. Singh,Donald K. Frevert
Publsiher: Water Resources Publication
Total Pages: 984
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9781887201353
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mathematical Models of Small Watershed Hydrology and Applications Book Excerpt:

Comprehensive account of some of the most popular models of small watershed hydrology and application ~~ of interest to all hydrologic modelers and model users and a welcome and timely edition to any modeling library

Monitoring and Modelling Dynamic Environments

Monitoring and Modelling Dynamic Environments
Author: Alan P. Dykes,Mark Mulligan,John Wainwright
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2015-07-16
ISBN: 1118649605
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monitoring and Modelling Dynamic Environments Book Excerpt:

The Times (Obituaries, 4 August 2008) reported that “John Thornes was one of the most eminent and influential physical geographers of his generation.” John’s keen interest in understanding landform processes and evolution was furthered through a variety of methods and informed across a range of disciplinary boundaries. In particular he pushed for better integration of monitoring, theoretical and simulation modelling, field and laboratory experimentation and remote sensing techniques. Although dominated by an interest in the Mediterranean region and problems of land degradation, his research activities ranged across a number of time scales and with other environmental perspectives. This collection of papers reflects this wide range of John’s interests through the recent work of scientists and professionals most strongly influenced by his rigorous training or leadership. The thematic focus of the book, which runs through all of the main contributions, is the integration of different methodologies and the application of this approach to improved understanding of natural systems and the development of appropriate strategies for environmental and resource management. Short overviews of John’s contributions to geomorphological research are also presented to provide context for the origins of this book.