Chemical Bioavailability in Terrestrial Environments

Chemical Bioavailability in Terrestrial Environments
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 828
Release: 2011-08-31
ISBN: 9780080557755
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Bioavailability in Terrestrial Environments Book Excerpt:

This book begins with an overview of current thinking on bioavailability, its definition, cutting-edge research in speciation and advancement in tools for assessing chemical bioavailability in the terrestrial environment. The second section of the book focuses on the role of chemical speciation in bioavailability. Section three addresses bioavailability and ecotoxicity of contaminants and leads into the next section on bioavailability of nutrients and agrichemicals. Subsequent sections provide an overview of tools currently being used and new cutting-edge techniques to assess contaminant bioavailability. The last section of the book builds on previous sections in relating bioavailability to risk assessment and how this could be used for managing risks associated with contaminated land. Provides the latest information on developing concepts and definitions of bioavailability Includes a discussion of bioavailability and ecotoxicity of contaminants and bioavailability of nutrients and agrichemicals for applications in agriculture Analyzes tools for assessing bioavailability and the role of bioavailability in risk assessment and remediation

Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment

Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2013
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment Book Excerpt:

6th International Workshop of Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment

6th International Workshop of Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 96
Release: 2011-09
ISBN: 9781921431289
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

6th International Workshop of Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment Book Excerpt:

Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments

Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments
Author: Domy C. Adriano
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 867
Release: 2013-03-19
ISBN: 0387215107
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive reference handbook on the important aspects of trace elements in the land environment. Each chapter addresses a particular element and gives a general introduction to their role in the environment, where they come from, and their biogeochemical cycles. In addition to a complete updating of each of the element chapters, this new edition has new chapters devoted to aluminum and iron, soil contamination, remediation and trace elements in aquatic ecosystems. In short, an essential resource for environmental scientists and chemists, regulators and policy makers.

Third International Workshop on Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment Adelaide South Australia 12 15 September 2004

Third International Workshop on Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment   Adelaide  South Australia  12   15 September 2004
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2004
ISBN: 9781920927165
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Third International Workshop on Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment Adelaide South Australia 12 15 September 2004 Book Excerpt:

Bioavailability of Organic Chemicals in Soil and Sediment

Bioavailability of Organic Chemicals in Soil and Sediment
Author: Jose Julio Ortega-Calvo,John Robert Parsons
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2020-10-15
ISBN: 3030579190
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioavailability of Organic Chemicals in Soil and Sediment Book Excerpt:

This book discusses bioavailability concepts and methods, summarizing the current knowledge on bioavailability science, as well as possible pathways for integrating bioavailability into risk assessment and the regulation of organic chemicals. Divided into 5 parts, it begins with an overview of chemical distribution in soil and sediment, as well as the bioavailability and bioaccumulation of chemicals in plants, soil, invertebrates and vertebrates (including humans). It then focuses on the impact of sorption processes and reviews bioavailability measurement methods. The closing chapters discuss the impact of bioavailability studies on chemical risk assessment, and highlights further research needs. Written by a multi-disciplinary team of authors, it is an essential resource for scientists in academia and industry, students, as well as for authorities.

Bioavailability the Underlying Basis for Risk Based Land Management

Bioavailability   the Underlying Basis for Risk Based Land Management
Author: Ravendra Naidu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2015
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioavailability the Underlying Basis for Risk Based Land Management Book Excerpt:

Bioavailability 2001

Bioavailability 2001
Author: R. Naidu,CSIRO Land and Water
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2001
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Bioavailability
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioavailability 2001 Book Excerpt:

Advances in Agronomy

Advances in Agronomy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2013-01-08
ISBN: 0124077986
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Agronomy Book Excerpt:

Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. As always, the subjects covered are varied and exemplary of the myriad of subject matter dealt with by this long-running serial Maintains the highest impact factor among serial publications in agriculture Presents timely reviews on important agronomy issues Enjoys a long-standing reputation for excellence in the field

Bioavailability Toxicity and Risk Relationship in Ecosystems

Bioavailability  Toxicity  and Risk Relationship in Ecosystems
Author: R Naidu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2003-01-03
ISBN: 1482294265
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioavailability Toxicity and Risk Relationship in Ecosystems Book Excerpt:

This book describes the bioavailability, toxicity and risk relationships of metal contaminants in ecosystems. It discusses bioavailability within the context of environmental health and ecotoxicological risk assessment and the potential impact that metals may have on soil ecosystem.

Diversity of Ecosystems

Diversity of Ecosystems
Author: Mahamane Ali
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2012-04-27
ISBN: 9535105728
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diversity of Ecosystems Book Excerpt:

The ecosystems present a great diversity worldwide and use various functionalities according to ecologic regions. In this new context of variability and climatic changes, these ecosystems undergo notable modifications amplified by domestic uses of which it was subjected to. Indeed the ecosystems render diverse services to humanity from their composition and structure but the tolerable levels are unknown. The preservation of these ecosystemic services needs a clear understanding of their complexity. The role of research is not only to characterise the ecosystems but also to clearly define the tolerable usage levels. Their characterisation proves to be important not only for the local populations that use it but also for the conservation of biodiversity. Hence, the measurement, management and protection of ecosystems need innovative and diverse methods. For all these reasons, the aim of this book is to bring out a general view on the function of ecosystems, modelling, sampling strategies, invading species, the response of organisms to modifications, the carbon dynamics, the mathematical models and theories that can be applied in diverse conditions.

Trace Elements in Soils

Trace Elements in Soils
Author: Peter Hooda
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2010-04-13
ISBN: 1444319485
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trace Elements in Soils Book Excerpt:

Trace elements occur naturally in soils and some are essential nutrients for plant growth as well as human and animal health. However, at elevated levels, all trace elements become potentially toxic. Anthropogenic input of trace elements into the natural environment therefore poses a range of ecological and health problems. As a result of their persistence and potential toxicity, trace elements continue to receive widespread scientific and legislative attention. Trace Elements in Soils reviews the latest research in the field, providing a comprehensive overview of the chemistry, analysis, fate and regulation of trace elements in soils, as well as remediation strategies for contaminated soil. The book is divided into four sections: • Basic principles, processes, sampling and analytical aspects: presents an overview including general soil chemistry, soil sampling, analysis, fractionation and speciation. • Long-term issues, impacts and predictive modelling: reviews major sources of metal inputs, the impact on soil ecology, trace element deficient soils and chemical speciation modelling. • Bioavailability, risk assessment and remediation: discusses bioavailability, regulatory limits and cleanup technology for contaminated soils including phytoremediation and trace element immobilization. • Characteristics and behaviour of individual elements Written as an authoritative guide for scientists working in soil science, geochemistry, environmental science and analytical chemistry, the book is also a valuable resource for professionals involved in land management, environmental planning, protection and regulation.

Spoil to Soil Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation

Spoil to Soil  Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation
Author: N.S. Bolan,M.B. Kirkham,Y.S. Ok
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2017-09-06
ISBN: 135124728X
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spoil to Soil Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation Book Excerpt:

Spoil to Soil: Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation presents both fundamental and practical aspects of remediation and revegetation of mine sites. Through three major themes, it examines characterization of mine site spoils; remediation of chemical, physical and biological constraints of mine site spoils, including post mine-site land-use practices; and revegetation of remediated mine site spoils. Each theme includes chapters featuring case studies involving mine sites around the world. The final section focuses specifically on case studies with successful mine site rehabilitation. The book provides a narrative of how inert spoil can be converted to live soil. Instructive illustrations show mine sites before and after rehabilitation. The purpose of this book is to provide students, scientists, and professional personnel in the mining industry sensible, science-based information needed to rehabilitate sustainably areas disturbed by mining activities. This book is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students majoring in environmental, earth, and soil sciences; environmental and soil scientists; and mine site environmental engineers and regulators.

Managing Arsenic in the Environment

Managing Arsenic in the Environment
Author: Ravi Naidu,Euan Smith,Gary Owens,Prosun Bhattacharya
Publsiher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2006-02-07
ISBN: 0643099239
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Arsenic in the Environment Book Excerpt:

Arsenic is one of the most toxic and carcinogenic elements in the environment. This book brings together the current knowledge on arsenic contamination worldwide, reviewing the field, highlighting common themes and pointing to key areas needing future research. Contributions discuss methods for accurate identification and quantification of individual arsenic species in a range of environmental and biological matrices and give an overview of the environmental chemistry of arsenic. Next, chapters deal with the dynamics of arsenic in groundwater and aspects of arsenic in soils and plants, including plant uptake studies, effects on crop quality and yield, and the corresponding food chain and human health issues associated with these exposure pathways. These concerns are coupled with the challenge to develop efficient, cost effective risk management and remediation strategies: recent technological advances are described and assessed, including the use of adsorbants, photo-oxidation, bioremediation and electrokinetic remediation. The book concludes with eleven detailed regional perspectives of the extent and severity of arsenic contamination from around the world. It will be invaluable for arsenic researchers as well as environmental scientists and environmental chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists, and statutory authorities seeking an in-depth view of the issues surrounding this toxin.

Trace Elements

Trace Elements
Author: Hosam El-Din M. Saleh,Eithar El-Adham
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2018-09-05
ISBN: 1789236703
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trace Elements Book Excerpt:

Over the last few years, we have witnessed increasing efforts dedicated to the scientific investigation and characteristics of trace elements. Especially in the field of human and animal nutrition, trace elements display a considerably attractive issue for research because they play an essential role in the nutrition of both animals and humans. Aquatic environments contaminated with trace elements are an emerging research area due to the toxicity, abundance, and environmental persistence of trace elements. Accumulation of heavy metals as a class of trace elements in various environments, and the subsequent transition of these elements into the food and feed chain, severely affects human health. The determination of type and concentration of trace elements is regarded as the first and most important step to follow the mechanisms controlling the dispersal and accumulation of trace elements. Element speciation in different media (water, soil, food, plants, coal, biological matter, food, and fodder) is pivotal to assess an element's toxicity, bioavailability, environmental mobility, and biogeochemical performance. Recently, new analytical techniques have been developed, which greatly simplified the quantitation of many trace elements and considerably extended their detection range. In this context, the development of reproducible and accurate techniques for trace element analysis in different media using spectroscopic instrumentation is continuously updated.

Applied Studies of Coastal and Marine Environments

Applied Studies of Coastal and Marine Environments
Author: Maged Marghany
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2016-09-14
ISBN: 9535125486
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Studies of Coastal and Marine Environments Book Excerpt:

The book ''Applied Studies of Coastal and Marine Environments'' is a collection of a number of high-quality and comprehensive work on coastal and marine environment. This book has an Introductory Chapter, followed by 15 chapters. Chapters 2 and 3 are devoted to coastal geological sedimentation and its impacts on marine environment. Consequently, Chapter 4 investigates neo-tectonic movement in the Pearl River Delta. Different aspects of the coastal pollution and its impacts are addressed in Chapter 5 through Chapter 13. Furthermore, coastal management is also discussed in Chapter 14, and monitoring the coastal environment using remote sensing and GIS techniques is reported in Chapter 15. Finally, Chapter 16 addresses the human history of maritime exploitation and adaptation process to coastal and marine environments. It is important to investigate the history of maritime exploitation and adaptation to environment coastal zone to learn how to explore the oceans.

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons
Author: Saranya Kuppusamy,Naga Raju Maddela,Mallavarapu Megharaj,Kadiyala Venkateswarlu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2019-08-13
ISBN: 3030240355
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons Book Excerpt:

The term “total petroleum hydrocarbons” (TPHs) is used for any mixture of several hundred hydrocarbons found in crude oil, and they represent the sum of volatile petroleum hydrocarbons and extractable petroleum hydrocarbons. The petrol-range organics include hydrocarbons from C6 to C10, while diesel-range organics are C10-C28 hydrocarbons. Environmental pollution by petroleum hydrocarbons is one of the major global concerns, particularly in oil-yielding countries. In fact, there are more than five million potentially contaminated areas worldwide that represent, in general, a lost economic opportunity and a threat to the health and well-being of humans and the environment. Petroleum-contaminated sites constitute almost one-third of the total sites polluted with chemicals around the globe. The land contamination caused by industrialization was recognized as early as the 1960s, but less than a tenth of potentially contaminated lands have been remediated due to the nature of the contamination, cost, technical impracticability, and insufficient land legislation and enforcement. This book is the first single source that provides comprehensive information on the different aspects of TPHs, such as sources and range of products, methods of analysis, fate and bioavailability, ecological implications including impact on human health, potential approaches for bioremediation such as risk-based remediation, and regulatory assessment procedures for TPH-contaminated sites. As such, it is a valuable resource for researchers, graduate students, technicians in the oil industry and remediation practitioners, as well as policy makers.

Advances in Agronomy

Advances in Agronomy
Author: Donald L. Sparks
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 231
Release: 2011
ISBN: 0123855381
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Agronomy Book Excerpt:

Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. As always, the subjects covered are varied and exemplary of the myriad of subject matter dealt with by this long-running serial. Maintains the highest impact factor among serial publications in agriculture Presents timely reviews on important agronomy issues Enjoys a long-standing reputation for excellence in the field

Handbook of Soil Sciences

Handbook of Soil Sciences
Author: Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 830
Release: 2011-11-17
ISBN: 1439803072
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Soil Sciences Book Excerpt:

An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition is the second of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers interfacial interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological regimes within the soil; the factors that control the availability of plant nutrients and microelements; interdisciplinary aspects of soil science, including salinity, sodicity, and soil erosion; and soil databases for assessing worldwide soil resources. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

Concepts in Toxicology

Concepts in Toxicology
Author: John H. Duffus,Douglas M. Templeton,Monica Nordberg
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 179
Release: 2009-01-01
ISBN: 0854041575
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concepts in Toxicology Book Excerpt:

This is a reference for those who need to understand the fundamental toxicological concepts that underlie both the scientific development of the subject and its practical applicaton in regulation and management of chemical safety.