Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces

Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces
Author: Anders Nilsson,Lars G.M. Pettersson,Jens Norskov
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2011-08-11
ISBN: 9780080551913
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces Book Excerpt:

Molecular surface science has made enormous progress in the past 30 years. The development can be characterized by a revolution in fundamental knowledge obtained from simple model systems and by an explosion in the number of experimental techniques. The last 10 years has seen an equally rapid development of quantum mechanical modeling of surface processes using Density Functional Theory (DFT). Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces focuses on phenomena and concepts rather than on experimental or theoretical techniques. The aim is to provide the common basis for describing the interaction of atoms and molecules with surfaces and this to be used very broadly in science and technology. The book begins with an overview of structural information on surface adsorbates and discusses the structure of a number of important chemisorption systems. Chapter 2 describes in detail the chemical bond between atoms or molecules and a metal surface in the observed surface structures. A detailed description of experimental information on the dynamics of bond-formation and bond-breaking at surfaces make up Chapter 3. Followed by an in-depth analysis of aspects of heterogeneous catalysis based on the d-band model. In Chapter 5 adsorption and chemistry on the enormously important Si and Ge semiconductor surfaces are covered. In the remaining two Chapters the book moves on from solid-gas interfaces and looks at solid-liquid interface processes. In the final chapter an overview is given of the environmentally important chemical processes occurring on mineral and oxide surfaces in contact with water and electrolytes. Gives examples of how modern theoretical DFT techniques can be used to design heterogeneous catalysts This book suits the rapid introduction of methods and concepts from surface science into a broad range of scientific disciplines where the interaction between a solid and the surrounding gas or liquid phase is an essential component Shows how insight into chemical bonding at surfaces can be applied to a range of scientific problems in heterogeneous catalysis, electrochemistry, environmental science and semiconductor processing Provides both the fundamental perspective and an overview of chemical bonding in terms of structure, electronic structure and dynamics of bond rearrangements at surfaces

The Chemical Bond

The Chemical Bond
Author: Gernot Frenking,Sason Shaik
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 566
Release: 2014-06-13
ISBN: 352766467X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Chemical Bond Book Excerpt:

A unique overview of the different kinds of chemical bonds that can be found in the periodic table, from the main-group elements to transition elements, lanthanides and actinides. It takes into account the many developments that have taken place in the field over the past few decades due to the rapid advances in quantum chemical models and faster computers. This is the perfect complement to "Chemical Bonding - Fundamentals and Models" by the same editors, who are two of the top scientists working on this topic, each with extensive experience and important connections within the community.

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
Author: Gabor A. Somorjai,Yimin Li
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 786
Release: 2010-06-08
ISBN: 047050823X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Book Excerpt:

Now updated-the current state of development of modern surface science Since the publication of the first edition of this book, molecular surface chemistry and catalysis science have developed rapidly and expanded into fields where atomic scale and molecular information were previously not available. This revised edition of Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis reflects this increase of information in virtually every chapter. It emphasizes the modern concepts of surface chemistry and catalysis uncovered by breakthroughs in molecular-level studies of surfaces over the past three decades while serving as a reference source for data and concepts related to properties of surfaces and interfaces. The book opens with a brief history of the evolution of surface chemistry and reviews the nature of various surfaces and interfaces encountered in everyday life. New research in two crucial areas-nanomaterials and polymer and biopolymer interfaces-is emphasized, while important applications in tribology and catalysis, producing chemicals and fuels with high turnover and selectivity, are addressed. The basic concepts surrounding various properties of surfaces such as structure, thermodynamics, dynamics, electrical properties, and surface chemical bonds are presented. The techniques of atomic and molecular scale studies of surfaces are listed with references to up-to-date review papers. For advanced readers, this book covers recent developments in in-situ surface analysis such as high- pressure scanning tunneling microscopy, ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG). Tables listing surface structures and data summarizing the kinetics of catalytic reactions over metal surfaces are also included. New to this edition: A discussion of new physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles Ways to utilize new surface science techniques to study properties of polymers, reaction intermediates, and mobility of atoms and molecules at surfaces Molecular-level studies on the origin of the selectivity for several catalytic reactions A microscopic understanding of mechanical properties of surfaces Updated tables of experimental data A new chapter on "soft" surfaces, polymers, and biointerfaces Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis serves as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students taking advanced courses in physics, chemistry, engineering, and materials science, as well as researchers in surface science, catalysis science, and their applications.

Surfaces and Interfaces of Electronic Materials

Surfaces and Interfaces of Electronic Materials
Author: Leonard J. Brillson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 586
Release: 2012-06-26
ISBN: 3527665722
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surfaces and Interfaces of Electronic Materials Book Excerpt:

An advanced level textbook covering geometric, chemical, and electronic structure of electronic materials, and their applications to devices based on semiconductor surfaces, metal-semiconductor interfaces, and semiconductor heterojunctions. Starting with the fundamentals of electrical measurements on semiconductor interfaces, it then describes the importance of controlling macroscopic electrical properties by atomic-scale techniques. Subsequent chapters present the wide range of surface and interface techniques available to characterize electronic, optical, chemical, and structural properties of electronic materials, including semiconductors, insulators, nanostructures, and organics. The essential physics and chemistry underlying each technique is described in sufficient depth with references to the most authoritative sources for more exhaustive discussions, while numerous examples are provided throughout to illustrate the applications of each technique. With its general reading lists, extensive citations to the text, and problem sets appended to all chapters, this is ideal for students of electrical engineering, physics and materials science. It equally serves as a reference for physicists, material science and electrical and electronic engineers involved in surface and interface science, semiconductor processing, and device modeling and design. This is a coproduction of Wiley and IEEE * Free solutions manual available for lecturers at www.wiley-vch.de/supplements/

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces
Author: Andrei Honciuc
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2021-03-01
ISBN: 0128231939
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces Book Excerpt:

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces: Fundamentals and Applications gives a descriptive account of interfacial phenomena step-by-step, from simple to complex, to provide readers with a strong foundation of knowledge in interfacial materials chemistry. Many case studies are provided to give real-world examples of problems and their solutions, allowing readers to make the connection between fundamental understanding and applications. Emerging applications in nanomaterials and nanotechnology are also discussed. Throughout the book, the author explains the common interface and surface equations, models, methods, and applications in the creation of functional materials. The goal of Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces is to provide readers with the basic understanding of the common tools of surface and interface chemistry for application in materials science and nanotechnology. This book is suitable for researchers and practitioners in the disciplines of materials science and engineering and surface and interface chemistry. Includes numerous real-world examples and case studies throughout Addresses emerging applications of interfacial materials chemistry in nanomaterials and nanotechnology Provides the foundational concepts of surface and interfacial science with models, equation, and methods

Surfaces and Interfaces Physics and Electronics

Surfaces and Interfaces  Physics and Electronics
Author: R.S. Bauer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 660
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN: 0444600167
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surfaces and Interfaces Physics and Electronics Book Excerpt:

Surfaces and Interfaces: Physics and Electronics covers the proceedings of the second Trieste ICTP-IUPAP Semiconductor Symposium, conducted at the International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy on August 30 to September 3, 1982. The book focuses on the processes, methodologies, reactions, and approaches involved in semiconductor physics. The selection first elaborates on the electronic properties and surface geometry of GaAs and ZnO surfaces; electronic structure of Si (III) surfaces; and photoemission studies of surface states on Si (III) 2X1. Discussions focus on consistency of different experiments, relating experiments to a theoretical model, quenching of surface states by hydrogen, inverse photoemission results, and basic data and models of the low-index ZnO surfaces. The text then examines Si (III) 2X1 studies by angle resolved photoemission; electronic surface states at steps in Si (III) 2X1; and a novel method for the study of optical properties of surfaces. The manuscript takes a look at spot profile analysis (LEED) of defects at silicon surfaces; chemisorption-induced defects at interfaces on compound semiconductors; and surface defects on semiconductors. The microscopic properties and behavior of silicide interfaces, recombination at semiconductor surfaces and interfaces, and dipoles, defects, and interfaces are also discussed. The selection is a highly recommended source of data for physicists and readers wanting to study semiconductor physics.

An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces

An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces
Author: Leonard J. Brillson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2016-08-01
ISBN: 111902711X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces Book Excerpt:

An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces is a streamlined yet comprehensive introduction that covers the basic physical properties of electronic materials, the experimental techniques used to measure them, and the theoretical methods used to understand, predict, and design them. Starting with the fundamental electronic properties of semiconductors and electrical measurements of semiconductor interfaces, this text introduces students to the importance of characterizing and controlling macroscopic electrical properties by atomic-scale techniques. The chapters that follow present the full range of surface and interface techniques now being used to characterize electronic, optical, chemical, and structural properties of electronic materials, including semiconductors, insulators, nanostructures, and organics. The essential physics and chemistry underlying each technique is described in sufficient depth for students to master the fundamental principles, with numerous examples to illustrate the strengths and limitations for specific applications. As well as references to the most authoritative sources for broader discussions, the text includes internet links to additional examples, mathematical derivations, tables, and literature references for the advanced student, as well as professionals in these fields. This textbook fills a gap in the existing literature for an entry-level course that provides the physical properties, experimental techniques, and theoretical methods essential for students and professionals to understand and participate in solid-state electronics, physics, and materials science research. An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces is an introductory-to-intermediate level textbook suitable for students of physics, electrical engineering, materials science, and other disciplines. It is essential reading for any student or professional engaged in surface and interface research, semiconductor processing, or electronic device design.

Model Systems in Catalysis

Model Systems in Catalysis
Author: Robert Rioux
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2009-11-11
ISBN: 9780387980492
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Model Systems in Catalysis Book Excerpt:

This book is an excellent compilation of cutting-edge research in heterogeneous catalysis and related disciplines – surface science, organometallic catalysis, and enzymatic catalysis. In 23 chapters by noted experts, the volume demonstrates varied approaches using model systems and their successes in understanding aspects of heterogeneous catalysis, both metal- and metal oxide-based catalysis in extended single crystal and nanostructured catalytic materials. To truly appreciate the astounding advances of modern heterogeneous catalysis, let us first consider the subject from a historical perspective. Heterogeneous catalysis had its beginnings in England and France with the work of scientists such as Humphrey Davy (1778–1829), Michael Faraday (1791–1867), and Paul Sabatier (1854–1941). Sabatier postulated that surface compounds, si- lar to those familiar in bulk to chemists, were the intermediate species leading to catalytic products. Sabatier proposed, for example, that NiH moieties on a Ni sur- 2 face were able to hydrogenate ethylene, whereas NiH was not. In the USA, Irving Langmuir concluded just the opposite, namely, that chemisorbed surface species are chemically bound to surfaces and are unlike known molecules. These chemisorbed species were the active participants in catalysis. The equilibrium between gas-phase molecules and adsorbed chemisorbed species (yielding an adsorption isotherm) produced a monolayer by simple site-filling kinetics.

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 534
Release: 2017
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Interfaces (Physical sciences)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces Book Excerpt:

This volume focuses on understanding the interaction of molecules with surfaces and their subsequent organisation, reactivity, or properties from both experimental and theoretical perspectives. The unique behaviour of compounds confined at interfaces can be very different from those in bulk environments. Advances in methods and their understanding for the determination of the structure and chemical bonding at surfaces is central to continued progress in the field. Among the questions that need answering are: how is chemical reactivity modified at surfaces and how can we optimise it for selective and efficient processes? How reliable are the actual methods for determining molecular conformation at surfaces? How can we control diffusion of molecules at surfaces in order to influence growth? Can two-dimensional structure be correlated with three dimensional order? How can we make use of single molecule properties at an interface? Interfacial processes are also at the heart of the function of many materials, the properties they exhibit and chemical reactions they can perform.

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces
Author: Harald Ibach
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 653
Release: 2006-10-06
ISBN: 3540347097
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces Book Excerpt:

This graduate-level textbook covers the major developments in surface sciences of recent decades, from experimental tricks and basic techniques to the latest experimental methods and theoretical understanding. It is unique in its attempt to treat the physics of surfaces, thin films and interfaces, surface chemistry, thermodynamics, statistical physics and the physics of the solid/electrolyte interface in an integral manner, rather than in separate compartments. It is designed as a handbook for the researcher as well as a study-text for graduate students. Written explanations are supported by 350 graphs and illustrations.

Growth of Antimony on Copper A Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study

Growth of Antimony on Copper  A Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study
Author: Gebhu Ndlovu
Publsiher: diplom.de
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2017-06-27
ISBN: 396067662X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Growth of Antimony on Copper A Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study Book Excerpt:

This study investigates the Copper(111) – Antimony (Sb) system which is characterized by a complex interplay between adsorbate interactions and adsorbate substrate interactions which manifest through self-assembly processes. Surface sensitive techniques such as Low Energy Electron Diffraction and Auger Electron Spectroscopy were utilized to determine the substrate cleanliness prior to the growth of monolayer Sb coverage. The surface chemical reactivity on an atom-by-atom basis of the Cu sample surface was studied by current imaging tunneling spectroscopy. The use of surface sensitive techniques in studying the surface alloy in question allows for more precise statements to be made about the surface structure of the system at various temperatures. Based on the experimental results, a comprehensive study of the adsorption and segregation behavior of Sb on Cu(111), including the mechanisms for phase formation at the atomic scale, is presented in this study.

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solids

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solids
Author: Hans Lüth
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 489
Release: 2013-11-27
ISBN: 3662101599
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solids Book Excerpt:

"Surfaces and Interfaces of Solids" emphasizes both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface and interface physics. Beside the techniques of preparing well-defined solid surfaces and interfaces basic models for the description of structural, vibronic and electronic properties ofinterfaces are described, as well as fundamental aspects of adsorption and layer growth. Because of its importance for modern microelectronics special emphasis is placed on the electronic properties of semiconductorinterfaces and heterostructures. Experimental topics covering the basics of ultrahigh-vacuum technology, electron optics, surface spectroscopies and electrical interface characterization techniques are presented in the form of separate panels.

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials
Author: Hans Lüth
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 499
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN: 3662031329
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials Book Excerpt:

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials emphasises both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface and interface physics. Beside the techniques of preparing well-defined solid surfaces and interfaces basic models for the description of structural, vibronic and electronic properties of interfaces are described, as well as fundamental aspects of adsorption and layer growth. Because of its importance for modern microelectronics special emphasis is placed on the electronic properties of semiconductor interfaces and heterostructures. Experimental topics covering the basics of ultrahigh-vacuum technology, electron optics, surface spectroscopies and electrical interface characterization techniques are presented in the form of separate panels.

Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces

Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces
Author: Winfried Mönch
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 367
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN: 3662028824
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces Book Excerpt:

Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces deals with structural and electronic properties of semiconductor surfaces and interfaces. The first part introduces to the general aspects of space-charge layers, of clean-surface and adatom-induced surface states, and of interface states. It is followed by a presentation of experimental results on clean and adatom-covered surfaces which are explained in terms of simple physical and chemical concepts and models. Where available, resutls of more refined calculations are considered. A final chapter is devoted to the band lineup at semiconductor interfaces.

Solid Surfaces Interfaces and Thin Films

Solid Surfaces  Interfaces and Thin Films
Author: Hans Lüth
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2010-09-02
ISBN: 3642135927
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Surfaces Interfaces and Thin Films Book Excerpt:

Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films examines both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface, interface and thin film physics. Coverage of magnetic thin films has been expanded, and now includes giant magnetoresistance and the spin-transfer torque mechanism.

Kirk Othmer Concise Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology 2 Volume Set

Kirk Othmer Concise Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology  2 Volume Set
Author: Kirk-Othmer
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 2762
Release: 2007-07-16
ISBN: 0470047488
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kirk Othmer Concise Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology 2 Volume Set Book Excerpt:

This is an easily-accessible two-volume encyclopedia summarizing all the articles in the main volumes Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Fifth Edition organized alphabetically. Written by prominent scholars from industry, academia, and research institutions, the Encyclopedia presents a wide scope of articles on chemical substances, properties, manufacturing, and uses; on industrial processes, unit operations in chemical engineering; and on fundamentals and scientific subjects related to the field.

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
Author: Gabor A. Somorjai
Publsiher: Wiley-Interscience
Total Pages: 714
Release: 1994-03-18
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Book Excerpt:

Among the topics covered are adhesion and tribological properties, friction, crack formation, and lubrication.

The Physics and Chemistry of Mineral Surfaces

The Physics and Chemistry of Mineral Surfaces
Author: Patrick V. Brady
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 309
Release: 2020-12-18
ISBN: 1000142310
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Physics and Chemistry of Mineral Surfaces Book Excerpt:

The last two decades have brought a near exponential increase in the amount known about mineral surfaces. Get a handle on this overwhelming mountain of information with The Physics and Chemistry of Mineral Surfaces. This much-needed text will save you hours of tedious journal searches by providing an excellent condensation and overview of the entire field, including its future direction. Top researchers outline atomistic controls on mineral surface structure and reactions; apply these concepts to explain sorption, mineral corrosion and growth; and ultimately consider the role of surfaces in environmental and geochemical processes. This unique text provides a rich and rigorous treatment of these subjects by combining surface physics and chemistry - highlighting their useful, yet often ignored, complementary nature. Unlike other texts, The Physics and Chemistry of Mineral Surfaces also stresses the linkage between fundamentals of mineral surface science and specific real-world problems. This connection facilitates the application of surface physics and chemistry to macroscopic, global processes, such as the origins of life, global warming, and environment degradation. Nowhere else will you find a text on this topic that combines expansive coverage with clear-cut practical applications. Don't miss out! The Physics and Chemistry of Mineral Surfaces has it all.

Trends in Surface Science Research

Trends in Surface Science Research
Author: Charles P. Norris
Publsiher: Nova Publishers
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9781594541780
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trends in Surface Science Research Book Excerpt:

This book covers the physics and chemistry of surfaces. The scope includes the structure, thermodynamics, and mobility of clean surfaces, as well as the interaction of gas molecules with solid surfaces. The energetic particle interactions that are the basis for the majority of techniques developed to reveal the structure and chemistry of surfaces are explored including auger electron spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, inelastic scattering of electrons and ions, low energy electron diffraction, scanning probe microscopy, and interfacial segregation. Crystal nucleation and growth are also considered. Principles such as adsorption, desorption and reactions between adsorbates are examined, with coverage also of new developments in the growth of epitaxial, and Langmuir-Blodgett films, as well as treatment of the etching of surfaces. Modern analytical techniques and applications to thin films and nanostructures are included. The latest in-depth research from around the world is presented.

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Faraday Discussions
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2017-11-15
ISBN: 9781782629443
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces Book Excerpt:

Focussing on understanding the interaction of molecules with surfaces and their subsequent organisation, reactivity, or properties from both experimental and theoretical perspectives.