Enzymes In Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Author by : Wong
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
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Description : This book covers the most recent development of enzymatic organic synthesis, with particular focus on the use of isolated enzymes. It is organized into one introductory chapter dealing with the characteristics of enzymes as catalysts, and five chapters dealing with different types of chemical transformations. Methods for enzyme immobilization and stabilizaton, the use of enzymes in extreme environments, and the alteration of enzyme properties by chemical modification and site-directed mutagenesis for synthetic purposes are covered.


Biocatalysis

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description :


Biocatalysis Based On Heme Peroxidases

Author by : Eduardo Torres
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 27
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Description : The last systematic description of heme peroxidases was published in 1999 by Brian Dunford, from the University of Alberta in Canada. The book Heme per- idases covers discussion on three-dimensional structure, reaction mechanism, kinetics, and spectral properties of representative enzymes from bacterial, plant, fungal, and animal origin. Since 1999, vast information on basic but also applied aspects of heme peroxidases has been generated. We believe fusion of these two aspects will bene?t research of those dedicated to development of biocatalytic process. The aim of this book is to present recent advances on basic aspects such as evolution, structure–function relation, and catalytic mechanism, as well as applied aspects, such as bioreactor and protein engineering, in order to provide the tools for rational design of enhanced biocatalysts and biocatalytic processes. The book does not include an exhaustive listing of references but rather a selected collection to enrich discussion and to allow envisioning future directions for research. This book is organized in three parts. In Part I, current knowledge of structure and mechanism of peroxidases is covered. From the molecular phylogeny, going through the in?uence of structural factors over oxidative ability to the molecular mechanism of catalysis, the authors intend to provide an understanding of per- idases at the molecular level. The understanding of the fundamental behavior of peroxidases will allow further adequation, design, and/or optimization of pero- dase-based catalysis to a particular process. In Part II, research on potential applications of peroxidases in several ?elds is presented and discussed.


Enzymes As Catalysts In Organic Synthesis

Author by : Manfred P. Schneider
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Reisensburg/Ulm, Donau, Germany, June 16-22, 1985


Metal Ceramic And Polymeric Composites For Various Uses

Author by : John Cuppoletti
Languange : en
Publisher by : BoD – Books on Demand
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Total Read : 58
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Description : Composite materials, often shortened to composites, are engineered or naturally occurring materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties which remain separate and distinct at the macroscopic or microscopic scale within the finished structure. The aim of this book is to provide comprehensive reference and text on composite materials and structures. This book will cover aspects of design, production, manufacturing, exploitation and maintenance of composite materials. The scope of the book covers scientific, technological and practical concepts concerning research, development and realization of composites.


Non Covalent Interactions In The Synthesis And Design Of New Compounds

Author by : Kamran T. Mahmudov
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
Total Download : 515
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Description : This book aims to overview the role of non-covalent interactions, such as hydrogen and halogen bonding, π-π, π-anion and electrostatic interactions, hydrophobic effects and van der Waals forces in the synthesis of organic and inorganic compounds, as well as in design of new crystals and function materials. The proposed book should allow to combine, in a systematic way, recent advances on the application of non-covalent interactions in synthesis and design of new compounds and functional materials with significance in Inorganic, Organic, Coordination, Organometallic, Pharmaceutical, Biological and Material Chemistries. Therefore, it should present a multi- and interdisciplinary character assuring a rather broad scope. We believe it will be of interest to a wide range of academic and research staff concerning the synthesis of new compounds, catalysis and materials. Each chapter will be written by authors who are well known experts in their respective fields.


Directed Evolution Of Selective Enzymes

Author by : Manfred T. Reetz
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
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Description : Authored by one of the world's leading organic chemists, this authoritative reference provides an overview of basic strategies in directed evolution and introduces common gene mutagenesis, screening and selection methods. Throughout the text, emphasis is placed on methodology development to maximize efficiency, reliability and speed of the experiments and to provide guidelines for efficient protein engineering. Professor Reetz highlights the application of directed evolution experiments to address limitations in the field of enzyme selectivity, substrate scope, activity and robustness. He critically reviews recent developments and case studies, takes a look at future applications in the field of organic synthesis, and concludes with lessons learned from previous experiments.


Chemical Aspects Of Enzyme Biotechnology

Author by : Thomas O. Baldwin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
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Description : The Industry-University Cooperative Chemistry Program has sponsored seven previous international symposia covering a wide variety of topics of interest to industrial and academic chemists. The eighth IUCCP symposium, held March 19-22, 1990, at Texas A&M University, represents a deviation from the former symposia, in that it is the first of a two-symposium series dedicated to the rapidly moving new field of industrial biochemistry that has beco~e known as biotechnology. Biotechnology is really not a new discipline, but rather is a term coined to describe the new and exciting commercial applications of biochemistry. The development of the field of biotechnology is a direct result of recombinant DNA technology, which began in earnest about 15 years ago. Today, we can routinely do experiments that were inconceivable in the early 1970's. Only comparatively simple technology available even in small laboratories is required to synthesize a gene and from it, to produce vast amounts of biological materials of enormous commercial value. These technical developments and others have stimulated increased activities in the field of enzyme biotechnology, using enzymes to catalyze "unnatural" reactions to produce complex molecules with stereochemical precision. It is true today, we can readily produce DNA fragments that will encode any amino acid sequence that we might desire, but at this point, our foundation of basic knowledge falls short. The dream of "designer enzymes" is still a fantasy, but the current wave of research activity and exciting new developments suggest that in the future the dream may become a reality.


Biosensors In Environmental Monitoring

Author by : Ursula Bilitewski
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 617
File Size : 51,9 Mb
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Description : During recent years both research activity and the number of reports on biosensor systems applied to environmental analysis have increased significantly. Compounds present in the environment have increasingly been shown to have effects on biological systems such as cells, enzymes, binding proteins, and DNA. In order to deal with the increasing demand for information about possible pollution of the environment there is need for improvements to analytical methods. Thus, biochemistry-based analytical methods should offer the possibility of monitoring these effects. This text provides an overview of existing biosensor principles, commercially available instruments, and related biochemical assays which have been developed and applied to environmental monitoring. Providing the reader with detailed information on methodology and a description of the practical application of selected sensors, this text also includes reports on established chemical methods for comparison. This volume presents fundamental principles together with examples of applications and discussion of drawbacks, and future developments. Of interest to all in the field of environmental analysis and biosensor technology, this text provides a comprehensive treatise on the latest research and developments in the field.


Fundamentals Of Enzyme Engineering

Author by : Young Je Yoo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
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Description : This book provides a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of enzyme engineering, from fundamental principles through to the state-of-the-art in research and industrial applications. It begins with a brief history, describing the milestones of advancement in enzyme science and technology, before going on to cover the fundamentals of enzyme chemistry, the biosynthesis of enzymes and their production. Enzyme stability and the reaction kinetics during enzymatic reactions are presented to show how enzymes function during catalysis and the factors that affect their activity. Methods to improve enzyme performance are also presented, such as cofactor regeneration and enzyme immobilization. The book emphasizes and elaborates on the performance and characteristics of enzymes at the molecular level. Finally, the book presents recent advances in enzyme engineering and some key industrial application of enzymes addressing the present needs of society. This book presents essential information not only for undergraduate and graduate students, but also for researchers in academia and industry, providing a valuable reference for the development of commercial applications of enzyme technology.


Enzymes And Their Biotechnological Applications

Author by : Pabulo H. Rampelotto
Languange : en
Publisher by : MDPI
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
Total Download : 257
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Description : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications" that was published in Biomolecules


Carrier Bound Immobilized Enzymes

Author by : Linqiu Cao
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 246
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Description : The first systematic overview of this key technique since the early 1990s, this authoritative reference is the only handbook available to include all recent developments. The author draws on his wide-ranging experience in both academia and industry to systematically cover all types of enzyme immobilization methods, such as adsorption-based and covalent immobilization, as well as enzyme entrapment and encapsulation. Throughout, a careful review of materials and techniques for the generation of functional immobilized enzymes benefits both developers and users of carrier-bound enzymes. A must for biotechnologists, biochemists and preparative chemists using enzymes in their daily work.


Current Developments In Biotechnology And Bioengineering

Author by : Sudhir P. P. Singh
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
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Description : Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Synthetic Biology, Cell Engineering and Bioprocessing Technologies covers the current perspectives and outlook of synthetic biology in the agriculture, food and health sectors. This book begins with the basics about synthetic biology and cell engineering, and then explores this in more detail, focusing on topics like applications of synthetic biology, industrial bioprocesses, and future perspectives. Information on cell engineering is also presented, and manipulation in endogenous metabolic network is studied alongside advanced topics such as fine tuning of metabolic pathways, de novo biosynthetic pathway design, enzyme engineering targeted to improved kinetics and stability, and potential applications of the novel biological systems in bioprocess technology to achieve the production of value-added compounds with specific biological activities. Assists in developing a conceptual understanding of synthetic biology and cellular and metabolic engineering. Includes comprehensive information on new developments and advancements. Lists applications of synthetic biology in agriculture, food, and health


Modern Biocatalysis

Author by : Gavin Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : Royal Society of Chemistry
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 14
Total Download : 219
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Description : The synergy between synthetic biology and biocatalysis is emerging as an important trend for future sustainable processes. This book reviews all modern and novel techniques successfully implemented in biocatalysis, in an effort to provide better performing enzymatic systems and novel biosynthetic routes to (non-)natural products. This includes the use of molecular techniques in protein design and engineering, construction of artificial metabolic pathways, and application of computational methods for enzyme discovery and design. Stress is placed on current 'hot' topics in biocatalysis, where recent advances in research are defining new grounds in enzyme-catalyzed processes. With contributions from leading academics around the world, this book makes a ground-breaking contribution to this progressive field and is essential reading for graduates and researchers investigating (bio)catalysis, enzyme engineering, chemical biology, and synthetic biology.


Immobilization Of Enzymes And Cells

Author by : Jose M. Guisan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
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Description : The continuing rapid progress in work designed to improve the functional properties of enzymes and cells as industrial catalysts has led to this revised, updated, and expanded new edition of the warmly received initial edition of Immobilization of Enzymes and Cells. This long-awaited second edition contains new and simplified protocols useful for industrial applications, novel techniques that will prove useful now or in the near future, and protocols for the preparation of immobilized derivatives suitable for a wide variety of nonconventional reaction media. The authors also offer tools for the development of new immobilization techniques, methods for preparing immobilized derivatives for therapeutic and industrial use, and new chemical reactors designed to overcome the limitations of immobilized derivatives. The emphasis is on improving enzyme and cell properties via very simple immobilization protocols, along with the development of new and better methods. The protocols follow the successful Methods in Biotechnology series format, each offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principles behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Innovative and highly practical, Immobilization of Enzymes and Cells, Second Edition, affords biochemists, biotechnologists, and biochemical engineers a practical review of all the latest methods and tools-as well as optimized conventional techniques-needed to carry out successful research involving immobilizing enzymes and cells.


Directory Of Therapeutic Enzymes

Author by : Barry M. McGrath
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
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Description : Carefully crafted to provide tightly focused and authoritative information, the Directory of Therapeutic Enzymes covers all approved therapeutic enzymes currently used in medicine. Written mainly by industry experts, the book includes information sourced directly from the company that developed or manufactured the product. It explores major


The Metabolic Pathway Engineering Handbook Two Volume Set

Author by : Christina Smolke
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
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File Size : 52,5 Mb
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Description : Christina Smolke, who recently developed a novel way to churn out large quantities of drugs from genetically modified brewer's yeast, is regarded as one of the most brilliant minds in biomedical engineering. In this handbook, she brings together pioneering scientists from dozens of disciplines to provide a complete record of accomplishment in metab


Biocatalysts For Industry

Author by : Jonathan S. Dordick
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
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Description : The application of enzymes or whole cells (fermentatively active or resting; microbial, plant, or animal) to carry out selective transformations of commercial importance is the central theme of industrial biocatalysis. Traditionally, biocatalysis has been in the domain of the life scientist or biochemical engineer. However, recent advances in this field have enabled biocatalytic processes to compete head on with, and in some cases out perform, conventional chemical processing. Chemo-biocatalytic systems are being developed thereby combining the most attractive features of bio catalysts, namely high specificity, with those of chemical catalysts, such as high reactivities and wide substrate specificities. Hence, synthetic chemists and chemical engineers are now beginning to use biocatalysts as highly selective reagents in chemical synthesis and processing. This book is about biocatalysts and their past, present, and potential applications in the food, pharmaceutical, and chemical industries. The con cept of the book did not emanate from a meeting. Rather, it is a compila tion of selected examples where biocatalysis either has already made a significant impact in the aforementioned industries, or has the potential to make a substantial contribution. I have been fortunate to have assembled contributions from world-class researchers in the field of biocatalysis. Their timely contributions are sincerely appreciated.


Science Of Synthesis Biocatalysis In Organic Synthesis Vol 1

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Georg Thieme Verlag
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
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Description : The three Science of Synthesis volumes on "Biocatalysis in Organic Synthesis" are designed to present the new possibilities offered by modern biocatalysis to the nonspecialist academic and industrial readership who are involved in practical organic synthesis. The goal of the reference work is to help start a new wave of enthusiasm for biocatalysis in the broader community and to give an overview of the field. As is the case with all of the Science of Synthesis volumes, "Biocatalysis in Organic Synthesis" offers critical reviews of organic transformations by experts, including typical or general experimental procedures. The content organization of the three volumes is based on the type of reaction performed under biocatalysis. Volume 1 begins with chapters discussing the historical development of the field, sources of enzymes and appropriate selection of catalysts, and general strategies employed in biocatalysis. This is followed by reviews of the biocatalytic hydrolysis of various substrates. The volume concludes with chapters devoted to biocatalytic isomerizations, and the synthesis of glycosides.


Application Of Solution Protein Chemistry To Biotechnology

Author by : Roger L. Lundblad
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
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Description : Reflecting the versatility of the author’s science and the depth of his experience, Application of Solution Protein Chemistry to Biotechnology explores key contributions that protein scientists can make in the development of products that are both important and commercially viable, and provides them with tools and information required for successful participation. One of the of the world’s most respected protein researchers, Roger Lundblad does not succumb to the notion that new is always better. The application of protein science to the practice of commercial biotechnology is traced to the underlying basic solution protein chemistry. It is only by achieving this understanding that the full potential of protein science may be obtained in the development and characterization of the diverse products of modern biotechnology. Dr. Lundblad also goes far beyond the biopharmaceutical applications that are often equated with protein science today to demonstrate the field’s unique versatility. From the making of bread and the invention of adhesives to the production of pharmaceuticals and the development of recombinant DNA products— in each of these products, the role of the protein chemist remains prominent. The important point is that classical protein chemistry is a critical part of the practice of biotechnology in the marketplace. Providing the direction and the foundational work needed by students as well as the details and hundreds of references needed by designers and developers, this remarkable work— Delves into the application of protein science for producing products as diverse as adhesives, drug delivery systems, and quality food products Explores chemistry of attachment of proteins and peptides to solid surfaces with regard to applications both for the improvement of steel and titanium and in DNA and protein microarrays Describes the development of bioconjugates used in antibodies Offers essential advice on guidelines required for producing licensed biopharmaceutical products While he does include a great deal of material not found in other sources, Dr. Lundblad makes a point to separate what is truly new from that which has merely been renamed. A reference unlike most, scientists and students eager to learn will find a text that is as practical as it is purposeful.


Scientific And Clinical Applications Of Magnetic Carriers

Author by : Urs Häfeli
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
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Description : The discovery of uniform latex particles by polymer chemists of the Dow Chemical Company nearly 50 years ago opened up new exciting fields for scientists and physicians and established many new biomedical applications. Many in vitro diagnostic tests such as the latex agglutination tests, analytical cell and phagocytosis tests have since become rou tine. They were all developed on the basis of small particles bound to biological active molecules and fluorescent and radioactive markers. Further developments are ongoing, with the focus now shifted to applications of polymer particles in the controlled and di rected transport of drugs in living systems. Four important factors make microspheres interesting for in vivo applications: First, biocompatible polymer particles can be used to transport known amounts of drug and re lease them in a controlled fashion. Second, particles can be made of materials which bio degrade in living organisms without doing any harm. Third, particles with modified surfaces are able to avoid rapid capture by the reticuloendothelial system and therefore en hance their blood circulation time. Fourth, combining particles with specific molecules may allow organ-directed targeting.


Nitroxides

Author by : Didier Gigmes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Royal Society of Chemistry
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 129
File Size : 48,6 Mb
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Description : This book covers synthesis, physicochemical studies and applications of nitroxides, showcasing the developments which have occurred in recent years.


Biomedical Engineering Handbook 2

Author by : Joseph D. Bronzino
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
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Techniques In Protein Chemistry

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
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File Size : 44,5 Mb
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Description : Praise for the Series: "The mainly sharp scientific focus of this set of snapshots is a credit to both the contricutors and the editorial team." --Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry Techniques in Protein Chemistry VIII is the latest volume in this successful series. As a valuable bench-top reference tool for protein chemists, the ten section sof the book are divided by subject area to show the reader which techniques are currently applied to particular problems in protein science. This approach reflects current trends in which specific instruments and methodologies are used in several different areas. * * The book features the latest advances in protein chemistry methodologies in the following areas: * Protein sequencing and amino acid analysis * Mass spectral analysis of peptides and proteins * Posttranslational processing * High-sensitivity protein and peptide separations * Protein folding and NMR * Functional domain analysis * Protein design and engineering * Three-dimensional protein structure


Poly Ethylene Glycol Chemistry

Author by : J. Milton Harris
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 502
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Description : The idea for this book came from discussions among participants in a symposium on biotechnical applications at the "Pacifichem 89" meeting in Honolulu. It was the majority opinion of this group that a volume dedicated to biotechnical and biomedical applications of PEG chemistry would enhance research and development in this area. Though the book was conceived at the Honolulu meeting, it is not a proceedings of this symposium. Several groups who did not participate in this meeting are repre sented in the book, and the book incorporates much work done after the meeting. The book does not include contributions in all related areas to which PEG chemistry has been applied. Several invited researchers declined to parti.:ipate, and there is not enough space in this single volume to properly cover all submissions. Chapter I-an overview of the topic-discusses in brief applications not given detailed coverage in specifically devoted chapters. The following topics are covered: introduction to and fundamental properties of PEG and derivatives in Chapters 1-3; separations using aqueous polymer two-phase partitioning in Chapters 4-6; PEG-proteins as catalysts in biotechnical applications in Chapters 7 and 8; biomedical applications of PEG-proteins in Chapters 9-13; PEG modified surfaces for a variety of biomedical and biotechnical applications in Chapters 14-20; and synthesis of new PEG derivatives in Chapters 21 and 22.


The Chemistry And Physics Of Aerogels

Author by : Lorenz Ratke
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 776
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : Discover a rigorous treatment of aerogels processing and techniques for characterization with this easy-to-use reference. Presents the basics of aerogel synthesis and gelation to open porous nanostructures, and the processing of wet gels like ambient and supercritical drying leading to aerogels. Describes their essential properties with their measurement techniques and theoretical models used to analyse relations to their nanostructure. Linking the fundamentals and with practical applications, this is a useful toolkit for advanced undergraduates, and graduate students doing research in material and polymer science, physical chemistry, and chemical and environmental engineering.


Summaries Of Projects Completed

Author by : National Science Foundation (U.S.)
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
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Description :