Chinatown Gangs

Chinatown Gangs
Author: Ko-lin Chin
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2000
ISBN: 0195136276
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chinatown Gangs Book Excerpt:

In Chinatown Gangs, Ko-lin Chin penetrates a closed society and presents a rare portrait of the underworld of New York City's Chinatown. Based on first-hand accounts from gang members, gang victims, community leaders, and law enforcement authorities, this pioneering study reveals the pervasiveness, the muscle, the longevity, and the institutionalization of Chinatown gangs. Chin reveals the fear gangs instill in the Chinese community. At the same time, he shows how the economic viability of the community is sapped, and how gangs encourage lawlessness, making a mockery of law enforcement agencies. Ko-lin Chin makes clear that gang crime is inexorably linked to Chinatown's political economy and social history. He shows how gangs are formed to become "equalizers" within a social environment where individual and group conflicts, whether social, political, or economic, are unlikely to be solved in American courts. Moreover, Chin argues that Chinatown's informal economy provides yet another opportunity for street gangs to become "providers" or "protectors" of illegal services. These gangs, therefore, are the pathological manifestation of a closed community, one whose problems are not easily seen--and less easily understood--by outsiders. Chin's concrete data on gang characteristics, activities, methods of operation and violence make him uniquely qualified to propose ways to restrain gang violence, and Chinatown Gangs closes with his specific policy suggestions. It is the definitive study of gangs in an American Chinatown.

Organizing Crime in Chinatown

Organizing Crime in Chinatown
Author: Jeffrey Scott McIllwain
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2014-10-01
ISBN: 9780786481279
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organizing Crime in Chinatown Book Excerpt:

More than a century ago, organized criminals were intrinsically involved with the political, social, and economic life of the Chinese American community. In the face of virulent racism and substantial linguistic and cultural differences, they also integrated themselves successfully into the extensive underworlds and corrupt urban politics of the Progressive Era United States. The process of organizing crime in Chinese American communities can be attributed in part to the larger politics that created opportunities for professional criminals. For example, the illegal traffic in women, laborers, and opium was an unintended consequence of "yellow peril" laws meant to provide social control over Chinese Americans. Despite this hostile climate, Chinese professional criminals were able to form extensive multiethnic social networks and purchase protection and some semblance of entrepreneurial equality from corrupt politicians, police officers, and bureaucrats. While other Chinese Americans worked diligently to remove racist laws and regulations, Chinatown gangsters saw opportunity for profit and power at the expense of their own community. Academics, the media, and the government have claimed that Chinese organized crime is a new and emerging threat to the United States. Focusing on events and personalities, and drawing on intensive archival research in newspapers, police and court documents, district attorney papers, and municipal reports, as well as from contemporary histories and sociological treatments, this study tests that claim against the historical record.

The Children of Chinatown

The Children of Chinatown
Author: Wendy Rouse Jorae
Publsiher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2009-10-01
ISBN: 0807898589
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Children of Chinatown Book Excerpt:

Revealing the untold stories of a pioneer generation of young Chinese Americans, this book places the children and families of early Chinatown in the middle of efforts to combat American policies of exclusion and segregation. Wendy Jorae challenges long-held notions of early Chinatown as a bachelor community by showing that families--and particularly children--played important roles in its daily life. She explores the wide-ranging images of Chinatown's youth created by competing interests with their own agendas--from anti-immigrant depictions of Chinese children as filthy and culturally inferior to exotic and Orientalized images that catered to the tourist's ideal of Chinatown. All of these representations, Jorae notes, tended to further isolate Chinatown at a time when American-born Chinese children were attempting to define themselves as Chinese American. Facing barriers of immigration exclusion, cultural dislocation, child labor, segregated schooling, crime, and violence, Chinese American children attempted to build a world for themselves on the margins of two cultures. Their story is part of the larger American story of the struggle to overcome racism and realize the ideal of equality.

Encyclopedia of Gangs

Encyclopedia of Gangs
Author: Louis Kontos,David Brotherton
Publsiher: ABC-CLIO
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2008
ISBN: 0313334021
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Gangs Book Excerpt:

Examines gangs throughout the United States in over eighty entries covering topics such as history, the wide range of communities where gangs form, and their increasingly complex lifestyle.

Vampires Dragons and Egyptian Kings

Vampires  Dragons  and Egyptian Kings
Author: Eric C. Schneider
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2021-01-12
ISBN: 0691223300
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vampires Dragons and Egyptian Kings Book Excerpt:

They called themselves "Vampires," "Dragons," and "Egyptian Kings." They were divided by race, ethnicity, and neighborhood boundaries, but united by common styles, slang, and codes of honor. They fought--and sometimes killed--to protect and expand their territories. In postwar New York, youth gangs were a colorful and controversial part of the urban landscape, made famous by West Side Story and infamous by the media. This is the first historical study to explore fully the culture of these gangs. Eric Schneider takes us into a world of switchblades and slums, zoot suits and bebop music to explain why youth gangs emerged, how they evolved, and why young men found membership and the violence it involved so attractive. Schneider begins by describing how postwar urban renewal, slum clearances, and ethnic migration pitted African-American, Puerto Rican, and Euro-American youths against each other in battles to dominate changing neighborhoods. But he argues that young men ultimately joined gangs less because of ethnicity than because membership and gang violence offered rare opportunities for adolescents alienated from school, work, or the family to win prestige, power, adulation from girls, and a masculine identity. In the course of the book, Schneider paints a rich and detailed portrait of everyday life in gangs, drawing on personal interviews with former members to re-create for us their language, music, clothing, and social mores. We learn what it meant to be a "down bopper" or a "jive stud," to "fish" with a beautiful "deb" to the sounds of the Jesters, and to wear gang sweaters, wildly colored zoot suits, or the "Ivy League look." He outlines the unwritten rules of gang behavior, the paths members followed to adulthood, and the effects of gang intervention programs, while also providing detailed analyses of such notorious gang-related crimes as the murders committed by the "Capeman," Salvador Agron. Schneider focuses on the years from 1940 to 1975, but takes us up to the present in his conclusion, showing how youth gangs are no longer social organizations but economic units tied to the underground economy. Written with a profound understanding of adolescent culture and the street life of New York, this is a powerful work of history and a compelling story for a general audience.

Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States

Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States
Author: Robert J. Kelly,Ko-lin Chin,Rufus Schatzberg
Publsiher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Total Pages: 542
Release: 1994
ISBN: 9780313283666
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States Book Excerpt:

Internationally known authorities in criminal justice provide one of the most comprehensive assessments today of the diverse ethnic and racial groups in the criminal underworld and their grave threats to the very fabric of American society. This coherent overview describes Mafia, Chinese, African American, Russian, and other criminal activities in different cities currently with historical background, showing the pernicious effects that their illicit operations have had on the economic, social, political, and moral life of the nation. This one-volume reference also assesses law enforcement and crime control programs during the 20th century. This sobering overview should be required reading for specialist and general audiences alike and for broad library use given the serious threats of organized crime to all Americans in the 1990s.

Youth Gangs in Literature

Youth Gangs in Literature
Author: Claudia Durst Johnson
Publsiher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2004
ISBN: 9780313327490
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Youth Gangs in Literature Book Excerpt:

Presents a short history of the many different types of youth gangs, with critical analysis on how they are depicted in various works of literature.

Gangs in America III

Gangs in America III
Author: C. Ronald Huff
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9780761924241
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gangs in America III Book Excerpt:

This is a revision of a popular anthology that examines contemporary gangs in the United States and law enforcement efforts to study and deal with them. It includes original essays from a broad array of gang researchers and experienced practitioners who work with gangs covering a wide variety of current topics and issues.

Unemployment and Crime

Unemployment and Crime
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Crime
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 933
Release: 1978
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Unemployment and crime
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unemployment and Crime Book Excerpt:

Gangs

Gangs
Author: Jacqueline Schneider
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 579
Release: 2017-11-30
ISBN: 1351157787
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gangs Book Excerpt:

The task of researching gangs is fraught with difficulties, central to which are issues of definition and reliance on certain forms of data for analyses. These methodological issues have been acknowledged as limitations in most of the existing research, but they have not been explored as being potentially serious flaws contributing to the proliferation of myth, or as aggravating factors that exacerbate what is essentially a relatively uncomplicated social process. Also unclear from existing studies is the extent to which suppositions about gangs feed moral panics or contribute to the misidentification or over-specification of a problem. This captivating volume focuses on gangs, their formation, identity and behaviour with a view to developing a preventive strategy.

Encyclopedia of Race and Crime

Encyclopedia of Race and Crime
Author: Helen Taylor Greene,Shaun L. Gabbidon
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2009-04-14
ISBN: 1452266093
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Race and Crime Book Excerpt:

"The organization of the reader's guide—especially the groupings of landmark cases, race riots, and criminology theories—is impressive ... Other related titles lack the breadth, detail, and accessibility of this work ... Recommended for all libraries; essential for comprehensive social studies collections." —Library Journal As seen almost daily on local and national news, race historically and presently figures prominently in crime and justice reporting within the United States, in the areas of hate crimes, racial profiling, sentencing disparities, wrongful convictions, felon disenfranchisement, political prisoners, juveniles and the death penalty, and culturally specific delinquency prevention programs. The Encyclopedia of Race and Crime covers issues in both historical and contemporary context, with information on race and ethnicity and their impact on crime and the administration of justice. These two volumes offer a greater appreciation for the similar historical experiences of varied racial and ethnic groups and illustrate how race and ethnicity has mattered and continues to matter in the administration of American criminal justice. Key Features Covers a number of broad thematic areas: basic concepts and theories of criminal justice; the police, courts, and corrections; juvenile justice; public policy; the media; organizations; specific groups and populations; and specific cases and biographies Addresses such topics as gender, hate/bias crimes, immigrant experiences, international and cross-cultural issues, race and gangs, and race and law, Presents experiences of all major racial and ethnic groups in the U.S., including Asians, Blacks, Latinos, Native Americans, and Ethnic Whites, as well as religious minorities, such as Muslims Includes coverage of recent incidents like the alleged rape of a black female North Carolina Central University student by white male members of the Duke University Lacrosse Team;, the Jena 6 incident; the Tulia, Texas drug arrests; the Rodney King beating; the O. J. Simpson trials in the 1990s; and more recent racial profiling incidents Two appendices provide information on locating and interpreting statistical data on race and crime, as well as detailed instructions on how to access statistical data on the web for such specific areas as arrests, drugs, gang membership, hate crimes, homicide trends, juvenile justice, prison populations, racial profiling, the death penalty, and victimization Because the topic of race and crime is of wide interest and relevance, entries in this Encyclopedia are written in an accessible style to appeal to a broad audience, making it a welcome addition to academic and public libraries alike.

The Legacy of Anomie Theory

The Legacy of Anomie Theory
Author: Freda Adler,William S. Laufer
Publsiher: Transaction Publishers
Total Pages: 449
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9781412827454
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Legacy of Anomie Theory Book Excerpt:

This sixth volume Advances in Criminological Theory is testimony to a resurgent interest in anomie-strain theory, which began in the mid-1980s and continues unabated into the 1990s. Contributors focus on the new body of empirical research and theorizing that has been added to the anomie tradition that extends from Durkheim to Merton. The first section is a major, 75-page statement by Robert K. Merton, examining the development of the anomie-and-opportunity-struc-ture paradigm and its significance to criminology. The Legacy of Anomie Theory assesses the theory's continuing usefulness, explains the relevance of Merton's concept of goals/means disparity as a psychological mechanism in the explanation of delinquency, and compares strain theory with social control theory. A macrosociological theoretical formulation is used to explain the association between societal development and crime rates. In other chapters, anomie is used to explain white-collar crime and to explore the symbiotic relationship between Chinese gangs and adult criminal organizations within the cultural, economic, and political context of the American-Chinese community. Contributors include: David F. Greenberg, Sir Leon Radzinowicz, Richard Rosenfeld, Steven F. Messner, David Weisburd, Ellen Chayet, Ko-lin Chin, Jeffrey Pagan, John P. Hoffmann, Timothy Ireland, S. George Vincent-nathan, Michael J. Lynch, W. Byron Groves, C. Ray Jeffery, Gilbert Geis, Thomas J. Bernard, Nikos Passas, Robert Agnew, Gary F. Jensen, Deborah V. Cohen, Elin Waring, and Bonnie Berry. The Legacy of Anomie Theory \s important for criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, and other professionals seeking to understand crime and violence in culture.

Gangs in America s Communities

Gangs in America s Communities
Author: James C. Howell
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2011-11-09
ISBN: 1412979536
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gangs in America s Communities Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date, and theoretically-grounded approach to gangs and youth violence. It covers significant topics of interest to gang scholars and practitioners and, in doing so, serves to prepare students to work with gang members, develop and manage anti-gang programs, or engage in scholarly endeavors. The book introduces readers to the foundations of gang studies through the origins of gangs, definitions and categories of youth/street gangs (and the distinctions between these arguably different types), national and international trends, distinguishing features of serious street gangs, what works with gangs and what doesn’t, and myths and realities. James Howell’s extensive experience in this area allows access to the most authoritative national survey data on gang trends, providing insight into topics such as female gangs, migration of gang members, small-town gangs versus the major adult gangs in large cities, gang homicides and drug trafficking.

Zero Tolerance

Zero Tolerance
Author: Andrea Mcardle,Tanya Erzen
Publsiher: NYU Press
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2001-03-01
ISBN: 9780814756317
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Zero Tolerance Book Excerpt:

Essays addressing police brutality connect increasing brutality by white New York City police officers, community grassroots activism, and the daily violence sparking the city's campaign to police the quality of life.

The History of Street Gangs in the United States

The History of Street Gangs in the United States
Author: James C. Howell
Publsiher: Lexington Books
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2015-06-09
ISBN: 1498511333
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The History of Street Gangs in the United States Book Excerpt:

This book is an historical account of the emergence of youth gangs and the transformation of these into street gangs in the United States. The author traces the emergence of these gangs in the four major geographical regions over the span of two centuries, from the early 1800s to 2012. The author’s authoritative analysis explains gang emergence and expansion from play groups to heavily armed street gangs responsible for a large proportion of urban crimes, including drive-by shootings that often kill innocent bystanders. Nationwide, street gangs now account for 1 in 6 homicides each year, and for 1 in 4 in very large cities. In recent years, the number of gangs, gang members, and gang homicides increased, even though the U.S. has seen a sharp drop in violent and property crimes over the past decade. The author’s historical analysis reveals the key contributing factors to transformation of youth gangs, including social disorganization that occurred following large-scale immigration early in American history and urban policies that pushed minorities to inner city areas and public housing projects. This analysis includes the influence of prison gangs on street gangs. The first generation of prison gangs emerged spontaneously in response to dangers inside prisons. The second generation was for many years extensions of street gangs that grew enormously during the 1980s and 1990s, particularly in large urban areas in which public housing projects have served as incubators for street gangs. The third generation of prison gangs is extremely active in street-level criminal enterprises in varied forms, often highly structured and well managed organizations that are actively involved in drug trafficking. In recent years, returning inmates are a predominant influence on local gang violence. Now, prison gangs and street gangs often work together in street-level criminal enterprises. This book identifies the most promising ways that gang violence can be reduced. The best long-term approach is a combination of gang prevention, intervention, and suppression strategies and programs. Targeted suppression of gang violence is imperative. Street-workers that serve as violence interrupters can break the cycle of contagious gang violence.

Youth Gangs in American Society

Youth Gangs in American Society
Author: Randall G. Shelden,Sharon K. Tracy,William B. Brown
Publsiher: Cengage Learning
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2013-06-25
ISBN: 1285414594
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Youth Gangs in American Society Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive and widely respected survey of the literature on gangs and gang activities in America includes theoretical perspectives on why gangs exist, gang typologies, descriptions of gang activities, and various intervention strategies for dealing with gangs. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Understanding Contemporary Gangs in America

Understanding Contemporary Gangs in America
Author: Rebecca D. Petersen
Publsiher: Pearson College Division
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2004
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Contemporary Gangs in America Book Excerpt:

This unique book provides readers with a comprehensive and contemporary perspective on gangs in America. Its current articles, written by national experts in the field, contain a variety of diverse viewpoints and contribute to a well-rounded understanding of gangs and their broad societal implications. KEY TOPICS A seven-part organization covers 1) understanding and defining gangs; 2) gender issues; 3) race and ethnicity; 4) gangs in prisons and schools; 5) violence and drugs; 6) gang victimization; and 7) gang prevention and intervention. For law enforcement, police, court personnel, prosecutors, public defenders, attorneys, lawyers, judges, prison/correction staff, social workers, educators, and government workers.

Beyond the Mafia

Beyond the Mafia
Author: Sue Mahan,Katherine O'Neil
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 257
Release: 1998-06-10
ISBN: 9780761913597
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Beyond the Mafia Book Excerpt:

Presents a comparative perspective of 'non traditional' organized crime in the United States and Latin America - beyond the Mafia.

Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in American Society

Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in American Society
Author: Randall G. Shelden,Emily I. Troshynski
Publsiher: Waveland Press
Total Pages: 499
Release: 2019-07-16
ISBN: 1478639865
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in American Society Book Excerpt:

What is delinquency? What are the pathways to offending? What prevention strategies exist? To understand delinquency, we need to overcome stereotypical thinking and implicit biases. This engaging, affordable text explores the impact of gendered, racial, and class attitudes on decisions to arrest, detain, adjudicate, and place youths in the juvenile justice system. Shelden and Troshynski highlight the social, legal, and political influences on how the public perceives juveniles. They look at the influences of family and schools on delinquency, as well as the impact of gender, trauma, and mental health issues. Discussions of topics such as the school-to-prison pipeline, disproportionate minority contact, and inequality provide a nuanced perspective on delinquency—a critical examination of social policies intended to control delinquency and the populations most likely to enter the juvenile justice system. The authors also examine the dramatically declining juvenile crime rate and advances in neuroscience that have fostered substantive reforms. These alternatives to confinement are replacing the institutions that have repeatedly produced failure with rehabilitative programs that offer hope for a more promising future.

The Blackwell Companion to Criminology

The Blackwell Companion to Criminology
Author: Colin Sumner
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2008-04-15
ISBN: 0470998954
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Blackwell Companion to Criminology Book Excerpt:

The Blackwell Companion to Criminology provides a contemporary and global resource to scholarship in both classical and topical areas of criminology. Written accessibly, and with its international perspective and first-rate scholarship, this is truly the first global handbook of criminology. Editors and contributors are international experts in criminology, offering a comparative perspective on theories and systems Contains full discussion of key debates and theories, the implications of new topics, studies and ideas, and contemporary developments Coverage includes: class, gender, and race, criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, punishment, mass media, international crimes, and social control