Climate Change and Soil Interactions

Climate Change and Soil Interactions
Author: Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad,Marcin Pietrzykowski
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 838
Release: 2020-03-06
ISBN: 0128180331
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Soil Interactions Book Excerpt:

Climate Change and Soil Interactions examines soil system interactions and conservation strategies regarding the effects of climate change. It presents cutting-edge research in soil carbonization, soil biodiversity, and vegetation. As a resource for strategies in maintaining various interactions for eco-sustainability, topical chapters address microbial response and soil health in relation to climate change, as well as soil improvement practices. Understanding soil systems, including their various physical, chemical, and biological interactions, is imperative for regaining the vitality of soil system under changing climatic conditions. This book will address the impact of changing climatic conditions on various beneficial interactions operational in soil systems and recommend suitable strategies for maintaining such interactions. Climate Change and Soil Interactions enables agricultural, ecological, and environmental researchers to obtain up-to-date, state-of-the-art, and authoritative information regarding the impact of changing climatic conditions on various soil interactions and presents information vital to understanding the growing fields of biodiversity, sustainability, and climate change. Addresses several sustainable development goals proposed by the UN as part of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development Presents a wide variety of relevant information in a unique style corroborated with factual cases, colour images, and case studies from across the globe Recommends suitable strategies for maintaining soil system interactions under changing climatic conditions

Plant Soil Interactions under Changing Climate

Plant Soil Interactions under Changing Climate
Author: Sanna Sevanto,Charlotte Grossiord,Sasha C. Reed,Tamir Klein
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-02-04
ISBN: 2889664554
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Soil Interactions under Changing Climate Book Excerpt:

Sustainable Soil and Land Management and Climate Change

Sustainable Soil and Land Management and Climate Change
Author: Shah Fahad
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2021-06-16
ISBN: 9780367623180
Category: Climatic changes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Soil and Land Management and Climate Change Book Excerpt:

The third volume of Sustainable Soil and Land Management and Climate Change presents a complete overview of plant soil interactions in a climate affected by greenhouse gas emissions and organic carbon. It presents approaches and managements strategies for the stabilization of soil organic matter. The latest in the respected Footprints of Climate Variability on Plant Diversity series, this book enhances the reader's knowledge of the preservation of organic matter through microbial approaches as well as through soil and plant interactions. Written by teams of specialist scientists, it presents research outcomes, practical applications and future challenges for this important field. Features: Presents microbial tactics for the alleviation of potentially toxic elements in agricultural soils and for reclaiming saline soil. Provides an overview of scientific investigations into greenhouse gas emissions. Outlines priming techniques developed in response to a changing climate. This book is written for students of agronomy, soil science and the environmental sciences as well as researchers interested in management technologies to improve soil fertility.

Sustainable Soil and Land Management and Climate Change

Sustainable Soil and Land Management and Climate Change
Author: Shah Fahad,Osman Sonmez,Shah Saud,Depeng Wang,Chao Wu,Muhammad Adnan,Veysel Turan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2021-06-17
ISBN: 1000393852
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Soil and Land Management and Climate Change Book Excerpt:

The third volume of Sustainable Soil and Land Management and Climate Change presents a complete overview of plant soil interactions in a climate affected by greenhouse gas emissions and organic carbon. It presents approaches and managements strategies for the stabilization of soil organic matter. The latest in the respected Footprints of Climate Variability on Plant Diversity series, this book enhances the reader’s knowledge of the preservation of organic matter through microbial approaches as well as through soil and plant interactions. Written by teams of specialist scientists, it presents research outcomes, practical applications and future challenges for this important field. Features: Presents microbial tactics for the alleviation of potentially toxic elements in agricultural soils and for reclaiming saline soil. Provides an overview of scientific investigations into greenhouse gas emissions. Outlines priming techniques developed in response to a changing climate. This book is written for students of agronomy, soil science and the environmental sciences as well as researchers interested in management technologies to improve soil fertility.

Climate Change Impacts on Coastal Soil and Water Management

Climate Change Impacts on Coastal Soil and Water Management
Author: Zied Haj-Amor,Salem Bouri
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2020-01-22
ISBN: 100076849X
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Impacts on Coastal Soil and Water Management Book Excerpt:

Climate Change Impacts on Coastal Soil and Water Management discusses the latest approaches for monitoring soil and water degradation in coastal regions under current climate conditions as well as potential further changes in the future. It presents an overview of climate change impacts on soil and water resources and summarizes the adaptation of practical options and strategies to minimize the potential risks, such as land degradation, seawater intrusion, droughts, ocean acidification, etc. The book aims to promote the adoption of best practices, which can be selected and implemented according to the respective local conditions. In addition, the recommendations for specific soil and water use planning strategies to address climate change can also be incorporated into national and international development plans. Features: • Presents the general properties and analysis of soil and water resource conditions for coastal regions • Offers practical advice for adapting to climate change through case studies from diverse coastal settings around the globe • Presents information in an accessible format for practitioners in soil and water sciences, as well as for those working in related disciplines • Includes end-of-chapter summaries and homework problems Written primarily for practicing soil, water, agricultural, and environmental scientists, this book provides the latest research on soil and water resources management, soil processes and properties, and the related effects of climate change. It assesses the effectiveness of the methods currently in use and under future climate change scenarios as well.

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services
Author: Diana H. Wall,Richard D. Bardgett,Valerie Behan-Pelletier,Jeffrey E. Herrick,T. Hefin Jones,Wim H. van der Putten,Donald R. Strong
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2013-07-18
ISBN: 0199688168
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services Book Excerpt:

This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services. This is a valuable reference book for academic libraries and professional ecologists worldwide as a statement of progress in the broad field of soil ecology. It will also be of interest to both upper level undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in soil ecology, as well as academic researchers and professionals in the field requiring an authoritative, balanced, and up-to-date overview of this fast expanding topic.

Plant Growth Responses to Winter Climate Change from Amongand Within species Variation to Plant soil Interactions

Plant Growth Responses to Winter Climate Change  from Amongand Within species Variation to Plant soil Interactions
Author: Andrey Malyshev
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Growth Responses to Winter Climate Change from Amongand Within species Variation to Plant soil Interactions Book Excerpt:

Tree Species Effects on Soils Implications for Global Change

Tree Species Effects on Soils  Implications for Global Change
Author: Dan Binkley,Oleg Menyailo
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9781402034459
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tree Species Effects on Soils Implications for Global Change Book Excerpt:

Earthquake Soil Interaction

Earthquake Soil Interaction
Author: S. Syngellakis
Publsiher: WIT Press
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2014-09-29
ISBN: 1845649788
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earthquake Soil Interaction Book Excerpt:

Comprises a selection of articles on interactions between earthquakes and the soil in which they propagate. The book is concerned with soil composition and geomechanical features, which affect earthquake propagation and intensity; it also addresses detrimental effects of seismic shaking on soil properties and stability. Modelling is applied to investigate the effects of cracks and various types of soil damping on seismic waves. Elastic, poroelastic, elasto-plastic, constitutive models are adopted in conjunction with rigorous mathematical techniques or approximate methods such as boundary elements or finite differences. A substantial part of this volume is dedicated to soil liquefaction, an important consequent of seismic shaking that results in substantial loss of soil strength and stiffness. Criteria are proposed for assessing the liquefaction potential of a site. Data collected from soil samples, either in the laboratory or in-situ, are analysed to provide values for the critical parameters on which liquefaction depends. The occurrence of landslides is addressed by assessing slope stability through a systematic geophysical and geotechnical characterisation of the soil mass followed by finite element modelling. The bearing capacity of the soil is directly obtained by laboratory testing of soil samples, as well as from reliable empirical relations generated by combining such test data with in-situ measurements of soil dynamic properties.

Tree Species Effects on Soils Implications for Global Change

Tree Species Effects on Soils  Implications for Global Change
Author: Dan Binkley,Oleg Menyailo
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9781402034466
Category: Afforestation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tree Species Effects on Soils Implications for Global Change Book Excerpt:

Almost 50% of the total area of Austria is forested, and the forests are dominated by commercially valuable stands of Norway spruce ((Picea abies). The few remaining forests that resemble the natural vegetation composition are located in forest reserves with restricted management. These natural forests are used as reference systems for evaluating silvicultural research on sustainable forest management. Natural forests are expected to have high biodiversity, where the structural richness of the habitat enables complex relationships between fauna, flora, and microflora. They also provide refugia for rare plants and animals found only in natural forest types. Austria had 180 of these forest reserves up to the year 2003. Most of these forests are privately owned, and owners are compensated by the government for loss of income associated with conservation status. The Ministerial Conference for the Protection of Forest Ecosystems (MCPFE) has launched a world-wide network of protected forest areas which should cover all major forest types (MCPFE and UNECE/FAO, 2003). The sites selected for our investigation of soil conditions and communities were chosen by vegetation ecologists and soil scientists. The stands have developed under natural competition conditions with no management interventions. All sites were well documented with known forest history. Our set of sites spans gradients of environmental conditions as well as species composition, providing a realistic evaluation of the interactions of biotic and abiotic factors.

Climate Change Alleviation for Sustainable Progression

Climate Change Alleviation for Sustainable Progression
Author: Moonisa Aslam Dervash,Akhlaq Amin Wani
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2022-09-22
ISBN: 1000707180
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Alleviation for Sustainable Progression Book Excerpt:

The change in climatic conditions has resulted in a series of events from the melting of polar ice to the rising of sea levels. This has affected low-lying coastal areas by endangering plants and animals, agriculture and livelihood patterns in general, not to mention causing the outbreak of diseases like dengue, malaria, etc. It is, thus, imperative that mitigation measures to stabilize or reduce the concentration of carbon dioxide is brought about. A key step is the bio-fixation of carbon from the atmosphere. This book attempts to bring forth the role of vegetation in carbon sequestration. The introductory chapters of the book deal with the understanding of the physical attributes governing climate on earth, historical account of climate change, impacts of climate change on different environs and eco-strategies to combat climate change. Detailed account of mechanism of carbon sources and sinks, carbon credits and REDD+ are also discussed. A sizeable portion of the book is dedicated to the climate change and phonological variability, clean development mechanism and economic stability through natural resource management. Academicians, researchers, policy makers and environmental stakeholders will find it a useful and comprehensive guide in the floristic and arboreal potential to sequester carbon dioxide and will suffice the diverse needs of teaching and research.

Soil Health and Climate Change

Soil Health and Climate Change
Author: Bhupinder Pal Singh,Annette L. Cowie,K. Yin Chan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2011-07-24
ISBN: 9783642202568
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Health and Climate Change Book Excerpt:

“Soil Health and Climate Change” presents a comprehensive overview of the concept of soil health, including the significance of key soil attributes and management of soil health in conventional and emerging land use systems in the context of climate change. Starting with a review of the physical, chemical and biological indicators of soil health and their significance for monitoring the impacts of climate change, this book then focuses on describing the role of soil structure, pH, organic matter, nitrogen, respiration and biota in sustaining the basic functions of soil ecosystems, and their anticipated responses to climate change. Further topics include the management of cropping, pastoral, and forestry systems, and rehabilitated mine sites, with a focus on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change impacts. Finally, the opportunities and potential risks of organic farming, biochar and bioenergy systems, and their ability to sustain and even enhance soil health, are discussed.

Workshop Root soil Interactions in Trees Abstracts

Workshop  Root soil Interactions in Trees Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 98
Release: 1999
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Mycorrhizas
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Workshop Root soil Interactions in Trees Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Climate Smart Agriculture

Climate Smart Agriculture
Author: Pratap Bhattacharyya,Himanshu Pathak,Sharmistha Pal
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 193
Release: 2020-10-24
ISBN: 9811591326
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Smart Agriculture Book Excerpt:

The books deals with the critical issues of climate change and its impact on agriculture and proposes climate smart agriculture as the probable solution to this issue. It discusses the impact of climate change and greenhouse gases emission on agriculture. It covers the strategies and management options of climate smart agriculture by including crop, water, soil, and energy management with examples and case studies. The subject matter has been presented in a very lucid language, containing real-time case studies, questions and few solved problems in specific chapters. The text is further enriched with simple line diagram and figures, chart, flow charts and tables. The book is primarily intended for researchers and professionals in the research areas of environmental science, agriculture, soil science, etc.

Algae and Aquatic Macrophytes in Cities

Algae and Aquatic Macrophytes in Cities
Author: Vimal Chandra Pandey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2022-08-12
ISBN: 0323859194
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algae and Aquatic Macrophytes in Cities Book Excerpt:

Algae and Aquatic Macrophytes in Cities: Bioremediation, Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts introduces the concept of using the natural ability of plants such as algae and aquatic macrophytes to remediate pollutants from water. The book provides scientists with a green, economical and successful option when tackling rising water pollution. The book's chapters cover a range of areas, including bioremediation, biomass, biofuels and bioproducts during the remediation of polluted water systems. It draws together research from eminent scientists from across the globe and includes case studies to help researchers, students, scientists, stakeholders, policymakers and environmentalists understand and perform their research with greater ease. Presents multiple case studies from global perspectives Focuses on Bioremediation, Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts for water pollution—a new approach Provides basic knowledge on how to design, grow and use algae and aquatic macrophytes

Climate Change and Microbes

Climate Change and Microbes
Author: Javid A. Parray,Suhaib A. Bandh,Nowsheen Shameem
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2022-05-19
ISBN: 100041003X
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Microbes Book Excerpt:

This book provides an enlightening picture of the role of microbes for sustaining life systems and how climatic factors will change the course of the processes. Climate Change and Microbes: Impacts and Vulnerability explores the little-addressed issue of the effects of climate change on microbial ecosystems and the influence of climate change on microbiome diversity across various habitats and regions. Recent years have seen the evidence that microbial communities are neither immune to disruption nor do they have the capacity to recover completely after a stressful climate event. This volume documents the important role of microorganisms as climate engineers and considers mitigation and adaptation strategies as well. It goes on to present the research that addresses a diverse array of topics on the impact of climate change on plant-microbe interactions and microbial aquatic life and change-induced aggravations in microbial populations and processes. The book also addresses microbial foodborne diseases resulting from challenging climates. Other topics include algae as indicators of climate change and strategies for facilitating sustainable agro-ecosystems. This book will be immensely helpful in the study of plant microbiology, agricultural sciences, biotechnology, climate science, and environmental microbiology. It will also be applicable to the field of microbial biotechnology, agricultural, and other life and environmental sciences.

Soil and Climate

Soil and Climate
Author: Rattan Lal,B. A. Stewart
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN: 0429945442
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil and Climate Book Excerpt:

Climate is a soil-forming factor and soil can mitigate climate change through a reduction in the emissions of greenhouse gases and sequestration of atmospheric CO2. Thus, there is a growing interest in soil management practices capable of mitigating climate change and enhancing environmental quality. Soil and Climate addresses global issues through soil management and outlines strategies for advancing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This volume in the Advances in Soil Science series is specifically devoted to describe state-of-the-knowledge regarding the climate–soil nexus in relation to: Soil Processes: weathering, decomposition of organic matter, erosion, leaching, salinization, biochemical, transformations, gaseous flux, and elemental cycling, Soil Properties: physical, chemical, biological, and ecological, Atmospheric Chemistry: gaseous concentrations of (CO2, CH4, N2O), water vapors, soot, dust, and particulate matter, Mitigation and Adaptation: source and sink of GHGs (CO2, CH4, N2O), land use and soil management, soil C sink capacity, permafrost, Soil Management: sequestration of organic and inorganic C, nutrient requirements, water demands, coupled cycling of H2O, N, P, S, and Policy and Outreach: carbon farming, payments for ecosystem services, COP21, SDGs, land degradation neutrality Special topics on soil as a source or sink of CO2, silicate weathering and carbon sequestration, nutrients required for carbon sequestration, physical protection and the mean resident time, and predicting soil carbon stocks are discussed in detail throughout the book.

Enzymes for Solving Humankind s Problems

Enzymes for Solving Humankind s Problems
Author: José J. G. Moura,Isabel Moura,Luisa B. Maia
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2020-12-01
ISBN: 3030583155
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Enzymes for Solving Humankind s Problems Book Excerpt:

This book presents specific key natural and artificial systems that are promising biocatalysts in the areas of health, agriculture, environment and energy. It provides a comprehensive account of the state of the art of these systems and outlines the significant progress made in the last decade using these systems to develop innovative, sustainable and environmentally friendly solutions. Chapters from expert contributors explore how natural enzymes and artificial systems tackle specific targets such as: climate change, carbon footprint and economy and carbon dioxide utilisation; nitrogen footprint and fixation and nitrous oxide mitigation; hydrogen production, fuel cells and energy from bacteria; biomass transformation and production of added-value compounds, as well as biosensors development. This book provides an important and inspiring account for the designing of new natural and artificial systems with enhanced properties, and it appeals not only to students and researchers working in the fields of energy, health, food and environment, but also to a wider audience of educated readers that are interested in these up-to-date and exciting subjects. Chapter “Carbon Dioxide Utilisation—The Formate Route” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Advances in Ecological Research

Advances in Ecological Research
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 1992-03-25
ISBN: 9780080567068
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Ecological Research Book Excerpt:

The concepts and concerns regarding the global effects of a continued increase in the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases have enjoyed a high visibility in newspapers and scientific journals. This concern is now being translated into big-science projects. These international projects aim to understand better the processes of climate and ecosystem changes and impacts and are being designed under the aegis of the World Climate Research Programme and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme. Biological and climatic systems are intertwined in processes leading to impacts and feedbacks and so it has emerged that climatologists, atmospheric scientists, terrestrial and marine ecologists must collaborate in research programmes, else the bases of their future projections are incomplete. This special volume of Advances in Ecological Research brings together eight papers which propose and demonstrate the two major components of current climate change research, future prediction and interdisciplinary approach.

Climate Change Impacts on Soil Processes and Ecosystem Properties

Climate Change Impacts on Soil Processes and Ecosystem Properties
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 625
Release: 2017-06-01
ISBN: 0444638687
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Impacts on Soil Processes and Ecosystem Properties Book Excerpt:

Climate Change Impacts on Soil Processes and Ecosystem Properties, Volume 35 presents current and emerging soil science research around the areas of soil processes and climate change, also evaluating future research needs. The book combines the five areas of soil science (microbiology, physics, fertility, pedology, and chemistry) to give a comprehensive assessment. This integration of topics is rarely done in a single publication due to the disciplinary nature of the soil science areas, so users will find it to be a comprehensive resource on the topic. Provides an analysis of all areas of soil science in the context of climate change impact on soil processes and ecosystem properties Presents information that is displayed in an accessible form for practitioners and disciplines outside of soil science Contains a concluding section in each chapter which assesses key areas Includes a discussion on future research and direction