Climate Smart Small Scale Hydro Power Plants

Climate Smart Small Scale Hydro Power Plants
Author: Lasantha Jayasinghe,Liyanapathirana Dayananda,Henry Ntale
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2021-11-15
ISBN: 9780128226865
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Smart Small Scale Hydro Power Plants Book Excerpt:

Climate Smart Small-Scale Hydro Power Plants provides empirical guidance to practitioners seeking to optimize the design and adapt the operation of small hydro power plants (SHPPs) to reflect the growing threats posed by climate change. The work opens by reviewing the current position, practice and impacts of SHPP as part of a diversifying sustainable energy mix threatened by the uncertain vagaries of climate change - including violent flooding, inconsistent rain fall, poor catchment management, and water flow rises. The book collectively presents an argument for 'climate smart' SHPP planning and design which integrates qualitative and quantitative climate-change context-sensitive aspects into the design of SHPP systems, anchored in technical rigor, specialized simulation modelling, financial prudence, and environmental impact assessments. Chapters review practical examples of hydro-ecological regimes where small hydro power plants play a vital component in the overall energy mix, focusing on social, ecological and economic dimensions of safeguarding, key policies and operational practices. These case studies are used to assess progress and future steps in achieving SHPP climate smart systems, blending comparative review, integration and analysis. The work concludes by elaborating policy lessons, outlining pathways to mitigate risk for future systems. Explains how to adapt small hydro power systems to mitigate climate change using climate smart approaches Guides policymakers to discount climate change impacts when formulating environmental policies for SHPP systems Blends ecological, economic and social considerations in developing hydroecological solutions

Impact of Climate Change on Small Scale Hydro turbine Selections

Impact of Climate Change on Small Scale Hydro turbine Selections
Author: Uttam Roy,Mrinmoy Majumder
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 45
Release: 2016-04-13
ISBN: 9812872396
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impact of Climate Change on Small Scale Hydro turbine Selections Book Excerpt:

Hydropower is found to be one of the most reliable and inexpensive options for renewable energy which was now widely been adopted by many countries to substitute fossil fuel sources. This Brief highlights the impact of climate change on hydropower plants, especially on the turbine design, as turbines are responsible for optimal conversion and regular energy production. The vulnerability of turbines is analyzed with the help of Artificial Neural Networks, followed by Multi Criteria Decision Making methods for development of intelligent indices to represent the level of vulnerability of turbines due to the change in climate.

Water Security Under Climate Change

Water Security Under Climate Change
Author: Asit K. Biswas,Cecilia Tortajada
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2021-10-27
ISBN: 981165493X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Security Under Climate Change Book Excerpt:

This book highlights the likely impacts of climate change in terms of global and national water securities, how different countries are attempting to address these complex problems and to what extent they are likely to succeed. A major global concern at present, especially after the social and economic havoc that has been caused by COVID-19 in only one year, is how we can return to earlier levels of economic development patterns and then further improve the process so that sustainable development goals are reached to the extent possible by 2030, in both developed and developing countries. Mankind is now facing two existential problems over the next several decades. These are climate change and whether the world will have access to enough water to meet all its food, energy, environment and health needs. Much of expected climate change impacts can be seen through the lens of extreme hydrological events, like droughts, floods and other extreme hydrometeorological events. Chapter 7 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.Chapter 12 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Climate Change and the World Bank Group

Climate Change and the World Bank Group
Author: World Bank
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2011-01-26
ISBN: 9780821386545
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and the World Bank Group Book Excerpt:

This study from the Independent Evaluation Group draws lessons for development and climate change mitigation from the World Bank Group's far-reaching portfolio of projects in energy, forestry, transport, coal power, and technology transfer. Reviewing what has worked, what hasn't, and why, the evaluation's key findings include: Energy efficiency can offer countries direct economic returns that dwarf those of most other development projects, while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Tropical forest protected areas, on average, significantly reduce tropical deforestation, preserving carbon and biodiversity. Deforestation rates are lower in areas that allowed sustainable use by local populations than in strictly protected areas. Deforestation rates were lowest of all in indigenous forest areas. For renewable energy projects, long-duration loans have been important in making projects financially viable.. But at prevailing carbon prices, carbon offset sales had little impact on most renewable energy projects rate of returns, and did not address investors need for up-front capital. Technology transfer broadly understood to include diffusion of technical and financial innovations related to low-carbon development has worked well when the logic of piloting and demonstration is well thought out, and when grants are used to mitigate the risk of pioneering efforts.

Renewable Hydropower Technologies

Renewable Hydropower Technologies
Author: Basel I. Ismail
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2017-07-26
ISBN: 9535133810
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Hydropower Technologies Book Excerpt:

For many years, hydropower played an essential role in the development of humanity and has a long and successful track record. It is a conventional renewable energy source for generating electricity in small- and large-scale production. Due to its important utilization and future prospects, various interesting topics of research related to hydroelectric power generation are covered in this book. This book is the result of significant contributions from several researchers and experts worldwide. It is hoped that the book will become a useful source of information and basis for extended research for researchers, academics, policy makers, and practitioners in the area of renewable hydropower technologies.

Global Environment Outlook GEO 6 Healthy Planet Healthy People

Global Environment Outlook     GEO 6  Healthy Planet  Healthy People
Author: UN Environment
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-06-06
ISBN: 1108770649
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Environment Outlook GEO 6 Healthy Planet Healthy People Book Excerpt:

Published to coincide with the Fourth United Nations Environmental Assembly, UN Environment's sixth Global Environment Outlook calls on decision makers to take bold and urgent action to address pressing environmental issues in order to protect the planet and human health. By bringing together hundreds of scientists, peer reviewers and collaborating institutions and partners, the GEO reports build on sound scientific knowledge to provide governments, local authorities, businesses and individual citizens with the information needed to guide societies to a truly sustainable world by 2050. GEO-6 outlines the current state of the environment, illustrates possible future environmental trends and analyses the effectiveness of policies. This flagship report shows how governments can put us on the path to a truly sustainable future - emphasising that urgent and inclusive action is needed to achieve a healthy planet with healthy people. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

Climate Smart Technologies

Climate Smart Technologies
Author: Walter Leal Filho,Franziska Mannke,Romeela Mohee,Veronika Schulte,Dinesh Surroop
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2013-06-04
ISBN: 364237753X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Smart Technologies Book Excerpt:

The book addresses the perceived need for a publication with looks at both, climate smart technologies and the integration of renewable energy and energy efficiency in mitigation and adaptation responses. Based on a set of papers submitted as part of the fifth on-line climate conference (CLIMATE 2012) and a major conference on renewable energy on island States held in Mauritius in 2012, the book provides a wealth of information on climate change strategies and the role of smart technologies. The book has been produced in the context of the project "Small Developing Island Renewable Energy Knowledge and Technology Transfer Network" (DIREKT), funded by the ACP Science and Technology Programme, an EU programme for cooperation between the European Union and the ACP region. ​

Bundles of Energy

Bundles of Energy
Author: Duncan Macqueen,Sibel Korhaliller
Publsiher: IIED
Total Pages: 86
Release: 2011
ISBN: 1843697920
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bundles of Energy Book Excerpt:

Climate Change

Climate Change
Author: Joseph Romm
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2015-12-03
ISBN: 0190250186
Category: Climatic changes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Book Excerpt:

"This book offers the most up-to-date examination of climate change's foundational science, implications for our future, and clean energy solutions that can mitigate its effects. It offers authoritative answers to the topic's most vexing questions: how will climate change impact you and your family in the coming decades? What are the future implications for owners of coastal property? Should you plan on retiring in South Florida or the U.S. Southwest or Southern Europe? Does carbon dioxide at exposure levels expected this century affect human health or cognition? What impact will climate change have on investments and the global economy?"--Page 4 of cover.

Alternative Energy Resources

Alternative Energy Resources
Author: Pankaj Pathak,Rajiv Ranjan Srivastava
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 321
Release: 2021-01-04
ISBN: 3030579239
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Energy Resources Book Excerpt:

This book reviews alternative and renewable energy resources in order to pave the way for a more sustainable production in the future. A multi-disciplinary team of authors provides a comprehensive overview of current technologies and future trends, including solar technologies, wind energy, hydropower, microbial electrochemical systems and various biomass sources for biofuel production. In addition, the book focuses on solutions for developing countries. Conventional energy sources are finite, and estimates suggest that they will be exhausted within a few decades. Finding a solution to this problem is a global challenge, and developing countries in particular are still highly dependent on fossil fuels due to their rapidly growing populations accompanied by a huge growth in primary energy consumption. Moreover, the most common conventional energy sources (coal and petroleum) are non-sustainable since their combustion exponentially increases greenhouse gas emissions. As such, there is a pressing need for clean energy based on alternative or renewable resources, not only to ensure energy supplies at an affordable price but also to protect the environment.

The Palgrave Handbook of Development Cooperation for Achieving the 2030 Agenda

The Palgrave Handbook of Development Cooperation for Achieving the 2030 Agenda
Author: Sachin Chaturvedi,Heiner Janus,Stephan Klingebiel,Xiaoyun Li,André de Mello e Souza,Elizabeth Sidiropoulos,Dorothea Wehrmann
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 730
Release: 2021
ISBN: 3030579387
Category: Africa--Politics and government
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Palgrave Handbook of Development Cooperation for Achieving the 2030 Agenda Book Excerpt:

This open access handbook analyses the role of development cooperation in achieving the 2030 Agenda in a global context of 'contested cooperation'. Development actors, including governments providing aid or South-South Cooperation, developing countries, and non-governmental actors (civil society, philanthropy, and businesses) constantly challenge underlying narratives and norms of development. The book explores how reconciling these differences fosters achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Sachin Chaturvedi is Director General at the Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), a New Delhi, India-based think tank. Heiner Janus is a researcher in the Inter- and Transnational Cooperation programme at the German Development Institute. Stephan Klingebiel is Chair of the Inter- and Transnational Cooperation programme at the German Development Institute and Senior Lecturer at the University of Marburg, Germany. Xiaoyun Li is Chair Professor at China Agricultural University and Honorary Dean of the China Institute for South-South Cooperation in Agriculture. Prof. Li is the Chair of the Network of Southern Think Tanks and Chair of the China International Development Research Network. André de Mello e Souza is a researcher at the Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA), a Brazilian governmental think tank. Elizabeth Sidiropoulos is Chief Executive of the South African Institute of International Affairs. She has co-edited Development Cooperation and Emerging Powers: New Partners or Old Patterns (2012) and Institutional Architecture and Development: Responses from Emerging Powers (2015). Dorothea Wehrmann is a researcher in the Inter- and Transnational Cooperation programme at the German Development Institute.

Small and Micro Hydropower Plants

Small and Micro Hydropower Plants
Author: Bernhard Pelikan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-11-15
ISBN: 9780128161241
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Small and Micro Hydropower Plants Book Excerpt:

Small and Micro Hydropower Plants is a guidebook for the reliable and sustainable solutions for design of small scale hydroelectric systems. It presents the most recent knowledge of all aspects of small hydropower engineering, thus forming a comprehensive collection of modern and innovative technology and practices. Different types of weir and water intakes are discussed, as well as hydrology aspects like discharge estimation and measurement. The book explores the latest advances in turbine, gear boxes, belt drives, generators, and remote control, critically assessing and comparing these technologies' viability for commercial application. It offers an analysis of operation tools, remote supervision and maintenance. Finally, the book also considers social aspects, like community negotiation, as well as environmental aspects, like ecological flow, fish bypassing, and climate change impacts. Engineering researchers, advanced graduate students and practitioners working in small and micro hydropower have in this book an ideal reference for designing and improving these systems through reliable and sustainable solutions. Prior knowledge of hydropower systems design is assumed. Presents the latest advances small and micro hydropower, including the most recent available technology, engineering concepts, control systems, impact assessment methodologies, economics and policy aspects Examines step by step real-life design and global implementation cases Discusses factors for sustainability of hydropower plants, such as the impact of Climate Change and community mediation

Watershed moments

Watershed moments
Author: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Publsiher: IWMI
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN: 9290908394
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Watershed moments Book Excerpt:

Repowering Communities

Repowering Communities
Author: Prashant Vaze,Stephen Tindale
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2014-01-14
ISBN: 131797333X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Repowering Communities Book Excerpt:

Energy policy is at a crossroads. Attempts to meet targets for carbon emissions, energy security and affordable energy for vulnerable households are all on a trajectory to failure. Aggressive ambitions to roll out huge off-shore wind, nuclear and clean coal plants are proposed, but without any clear plans on how funds will be mobilized, or transmission and distribution infrastructure developed. In this book Prashant Vaze and Stephen Tindale ask politicians and regulators to consider a different path. Using abundant examples of small scale local solutions Repowering Communities examines how cities, communities and local authorities from across Europe and North America have driven reductions in energy use and rolled out small scale, community level solutions. Among the issues examined are the drivers behind behavioural change, the methods used to secure necessary investment and what government and civil society can do to foster such action on a wide scale. Based on extensive first-hand research and drawing on the latest global energy data the authors provide essential information and inspiration for readers who wish to drive the policies that encourage community-level energy development.

Climate Change in Developing Countries

Climate Change in Developing Countries
Author: M. A. van Drunen,R. Lasage,C. Dorland
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2006
ISBN: 184593105X
Category: Climatic changes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change in Developing Countries Book Excerpt:

This book presents an overview of the studies conducted by the Netherlands Climate Change Studies Assistance programme. The programme was set up in recognition of the need for developing countries, in particular, to face the challenges confronting all countries under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The book presents an overview of the main results in 13 countries: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Egypt, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Mali, Mongolia, Senegal, Suriname, Vietnam, Yemen and Zimbabwe. It provides a critical evaluation of the methodologies and approaches used, a cross-country synthesis and recommendations for further studies. Subjects dealt with include not only impact studies, but also vulnerability and adaptation, mitigation and climate related policy.

Increasing Resilience to Climate Variability and Change

Increasing Resilience to Climate Variability and Change
Author: Cecilia Tortajada
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2016-08-18
ISBN: 9811019142
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Increasing Resilience to Climate Variability and Change Book Excerpt:

This book highlights the role that both infrastructure and governance play in the context of resilience and adaptation to climate variability and change. Eleven case studies analyze in-depth impacts of extreme events in projects, basins and regions in the Arid Americas (Unites States and Mexico), Australia, Brazil, China, Egypt, France, Nepal, Mexico, Pakistan, Turkey and South Africa. They discuss the importance of infrastructure (mainly reservoirs) in adaptation strategies, how planning and management aspects should improve in response to changing climatic, economic, social and environmental situations and what the management, institutional and financial challenges would be for their implementation. Governance aspects (policies, institutions and decision making) and technical and knowledge limitations are a substantial part of the analyses. The case studies argue that reservoirs are essential to build resilience contributing to adaptation to climate variability and change. However, that for them to be effective, they need to be planned and managed within a governance framework that considers long-term perspectives and multi-sector and multi-level actor needs and perspectives.

Climate Vulnerability Monitor 2010 The State of the Climate Crisis

Climate Vulnerability Monitor 2010  The State of the Climate Crisis
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: DARA
Total Pages: 261
Release: 2010
ISBN: 8461457137
Category: Climatic changes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Vulnerability Monitor 2010 The State of the Climate Crisis Book Excerpt:

Small Scale Renewable Energy Systems

Small Scale Renewable Energy Systems
Author: Sven Ruin,Göran Sidén
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2019-09-12
ISBN: 0429670435
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Small Scale Renewable Energy Systems Book Excerpt:

A revolution is ongoing in the field of small-scale energy solutions, which can enable lower impact on the environment, more robust supply and self-determination. Solar power and other forms of renewable energy sources, which you can implement to generate your own electricity, are growing quickly. Electromobility is transforming the car industry and transportation systems and can also play a role in your energy system. Electricity can be used much more efficiently than before, for example by using LED light, variable speed motor drives and efficient home appliances. Smart controls are available, sometimes with free open source software. All this opens up tremendous opportunities for energy independence, which is the focus of this book. The book introduces the reader to a number of renewable energy sources, to different options for storing electricity and to smart use of electricity, particularly in the context of small isolated systems. This is important because many renewable energy sources are weather- and season-dependent and usually require storage and smart control, in order to obtain a system that is completely independent of the electricity grid. In the book, overall system design is explained, including how to combine different sources in a hybrid system. Different system sizes and architectures are also covered. A number of real cases are described, where homes, businesses and communities have achieved a high level of energy independence or are on their way to achieving it. This book will prove useful in university education in renewable energy at bachelor and master level, and also for companies and private individuals, who want to start or expand activities in the area of renewable energy.

Fiscal Year 2000 Climate Change Budget Authorization Request

Fiscal Year 2000 Climate Change Budget Authorization Request
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1457
Release: 1999
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Climatic changes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fiscal Year 2000 Climate Change Budget Authorization Request Book Excerpt:

Economics of solar energy use in agriculture

Economics of solar energy use in agriculture
Author: Uday Kumar M.S,Prem Jose Vazhacharickal
Publsiher: Amazon Publishers, USA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-01-20
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economics of solar energy use in agriculture Book Excerpt:

Power is considered to be a core industry as it facilitates development across various sectors of the Indian economy, such as manufacturing, agriculture, commercial enterprises and railways. Keeping this into account, Govt. of India right from the inception of the first five year plan period has given special emphasis for its development. Whereas, Solar power has gained immense importance over the last 5 years as the world moves towards clean energy sources to reduce the negative impact on the environment and to reduce dependence on the limited reserves of coal and gas.Agriculture is the sole provider of human food. Most farm machines are driven by fossil fuels, which contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and, in turn, accelerate climate change. Such environmental damage can be mitigated by the promotion of renewable resources such as solar, wind, biomass, tidal, geo-thermal, small-scale hydro, bio-fuels and wave-generated power. These renewable resources have a huge potential for the agriculture industry. The farmers should be encouraged by subsidies to use renewable energy technology. The concept of sustainable agriculture lies on a delicate balance of maximizing crop productivity and maintaining economic stability, while minimizing the utilization of finite natural resources and detrimental environmental impacts. Hence, there is a need for promoting use of renewable energy systems for sustainable agriculture, e.g. solar photovoltaic water pumps and electricity, greenhouse technologies, solar dryers for post-harvest processing, and solar hot water heaters.