Description : Memory is essential for the retention of learning. In the presence of memory deficits, new learning is impaired and performance of previously learned habits deteriorates. What is the nature of memory? Where does it reside in the brain? What biological events are associated with the formation and retrieval of memory? These questions are explored in the first chapter of this volume. The answers are not final, but we have learned a great deal about memory processes during the past few decades. Memory is influenced by most of the pathological processes that influ ence the brain such as infection, trauma, cerebrovascular disorders, and met abolic and degenerative diseases. The nature and course of memory impairment are unique for each of the disorders and are fairly distinguishable. More than fifty conditions are known to cause dementia, which now affects several million Americans. In Alzheimer's disease, memory disorder predominates for two to three years before other intellectual functions are affected. Many neurological diseases, such as Huntington's disease, Friedreich's ataxia, and multiple sclerosis, are associated with progressive memory deficits. Forgetting is a problem that becomes progressively worse with age. Most individuals in their forties begin to experience some difficulty in quick recall of past events. By age sixty definite changes are evident in the process of registration, storage, and recall of memory. At this age the material that is to be remembered is processed more slowly, stored less firmly, and poorly recalled.
Description : This concise version of the Handbook of Memory Disorders is a selection of chapters from the original volume that have been chosen with the busy practitioner in mind. The Essential Handbook provides individual clinicians and students with those parts the editors consider most relevant and useful on a day-to-day basis, as a portable adjunct to the more comprehensive Handbook. (Handbook of Memory Disorders - 047 149819X)
Description : With the population growing older, researchers have become more motivated to find a way for older adults to retain a high level of cognitive functioning for as long as possible. Memory training has been shown to effectively improve memory among older adults and it has been shown to delay decline in memory functioning. It has also been shown to improve their self-efficacy, with respect to memory, and to allay healthy older adults fears of exhibiting early signs of Alzheimers disease. This book focuses on episodic memory and the formation, clinical disorders and role of aging on episodic memory.
Description : The eagerly awaited 2nd edition of this classic handbook is a critical, thorough account of memory disorders relating to neurological processes and to developmental and acquired brain damage and presents comprehensive sections on theory, assessment, treatment and management of memory disorders. Written by a truly international team of experts, this completely updated edition offers an authoritative review of the key areas of research and development in this field. ? Completely updated and expanded ? New sections and chapters reflect many of the biggest growth areas in the field in recent years, such as confabulation, false memory and the frontal lobes ? Written by an international team of experts
Description : Memory Disorders in Clinical Practice provides a comprehensive discussion of memory disorders, focusing on objective studies of memory disorder rather than simple clinical descriptions of memory impairment. The book is principally concerned with acquired neurological disorders, and so most congenital and psychiatric conditions are not covered in depth, although these are occasionally referred to where they relate to particular neurological problems. The book begins with a discussion of memory assessment in clinical practice, covering the assessment of specific memory deficits and memory test batteries. This is followed by separate chapters on memory deficits caused by cerebrovascular disease, cerebral tumors, penetrating and blunt head injuries, dementia, infections of the central nervous system, chronic toxic or deficiency states, epilepsy, and ablation/disconnection of cerebral tissue. The book concludes with Appendices containing sources for materials which may be of use in designing memory tests for the assessment of neurological patients; and sources for information/materials relating to the remediation of memory disorders.
Description : This reference presents a critical analysis of all types of memory disorders. The theoretical concepts and research which contribute to an understanding of this field are reviewed, as a basis for the discussion of assessment processes, clinical management and therapy.
Description : Short-term or working memory - the capacity to hold and manipulate information mentally over brief periods of time - plays an important role in supporting a wide range of everyday activities, particularly in childhood. Children with weak working memory skills often struggle in key areas of learning and, given its impact on cognitive abilities, the identification of working memory impairments is a priority for those who work with children with learning disabilities. Working Memory and Neurodevelopmental Disorders supports clinical assessment and management of working memory deficits by summarising the current theoretical understanding and methods of assessment of working memory. It outlines the working memory profiles of individuals with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders (including Down's syndrome, Williams syndrome, Specific Language Impairment, and ADHD), and identifies useful means of alleviating the anticipated learning difficulties of children with deficits of working memory. This comprehensive and informative text will appeal to academics and researchers in cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and developmental psychology, and will be useful reading for students in these areas. Educational psychologists will also find this a useful text, as it covers the role of working memory in learning difficulties specific to the classroom.
Description : In this practical clinical reference, an international team of experts examine psychiatric and organic aspects of memory disorders.
Description : The domain of neuroscience has had one of the most explosive growths in recent decades: within this development there has been a remarkable and renewed interest in the study of the relations between behaviour and the central nervous system. Part of this new attention is connected with the contribution of new technologies (PET, fMRI) permitting more precise mapping of neural structures responsible for cognitive functions and the development of new theoretical models of mental activities. The diffusion of new pathologies (for example the pattern of cognitive impairment associated with AIDS) has further enlarged the field of clinical neuropsychology. Finally there has been an expanding clinical interest in the understanding and management of age-related cognitive changes. This volume is the translated and updated version of the second edition of Manuale di Neuropsicologia(Zanichelli, 1996), by the same authors, and it reflects the current status of the art. It is intended to blend clinical and theoretical aspects of neuropsychology. The first part discusses the instrumental and clinical methods of investigation in neuropsychology, together with their development. A long section is dedicated to the language and memory disorders. The impairment of non-verbal cognitve functions, such as the disorders of space orientation, of of visuo-perceptive abilities, and of the emotions and attention, are extensively discussed. The pattern of degenerative dementias is thorougly described, as e is thoroughly described, as well as a number of new topics, such as a neuropsychological approach to consciousness. Finally, perspectives for treatment of some cognitive disorders are outlined.ed to blend clinical and theoretical aspects of neuropsychology. The first part discusses the instrumental and clinical methods of investigation in neuropsychology, together with their development. A long section is dedicated to the language and memory disorders. The impairment of non-verbal cognitve functions, such as the disorders of space orientation, of of visuo-perceptive abilities, and of the emotions and attention, are extensively discussed. The pattern of degenerative dementias is thorougly described, as e is thoroughly described, as well as a number of new topics, such as a neuropsychological approach to consciousness. Finally, perspectives for treatment of some cognitive disorders are outlined.
Description : Leading researchers and clinicians examine language as a bridge between learning disability and psychiatric disorder.