Cognitive Neuroscience

Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: R. E. Passingham
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 153
Release: 2016
ISBN: 0198786220
Category: Cognitive neuroscience
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

This volume describes the new field of cognitive neuroscience - the study of what happens in the brain when we perceive, think, reason, remember, and act. Focusing on the human brain, Passingham looks at the most recent research in the field, the modern brain imaging technologies, and what the images can and can't tell us.

Cognitive Neuroscience A Very Short Introduction

Cognitive Neuroscience  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Richard Passingham
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2016-09-15
ISBN: 0191089532
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

Up to the 1960s, psychology was deeply under the influence of behaviourism, which focused on stimuli and responses, and regarded consideration of what may happen in the mind as unapproachable scientifically. This began to change with the devising of methods to try to tap into what was going on in the 'black box' of the mind, and the development of 'cognitive psychology'. With the study of patients who had suffered brain damage or injury to limited parts of the brain, outlines of brain components and processes began to take shape, and by the end of the 1970s, a new science, cognitive neuroscience, was born. But it was with the development of ways of accessing activation of the working brain using imaging techniques such as PET and fMRI that cognitive neuroscience came into its own, as a science cutting across psychology and neuroscience, with strong connections to philosophy of mind. Experiments involving subjects in scanners while doing various tasks, thinking, problem solving, and remembering are shedding light on the brain processes involved. The research is exciting and new, and often makes media headlines. But there is much misunderstanding about what brain imaging tells us, and the interpretation of studies on cognition. In this Very Short Introduction Richard Passingham, a distinguished cognitive neuroscientist, gives a provocative and exciting account of the nature and scope of this relatively new field, and the techniques available to us, focusing on investigation of the human brain. He explains what brain imaging shows, pointing out common misconceptions, and gives a brief overview of the different aspects of human cognition: perceiving, attending, remembering, reasoning, deciding, and acting. Passingham concludes with a discussion of the exciting advances that may lie ahead. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Dementia a Very Short Introduction

Dementia  a Very Short Introduction
Author: Kathleen Taylor
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 177
Release: 2020-07-02
ISBN: 0198825781
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dementia a Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

As more of us live longer, the fear of an old age devastated by brain diseases like dementia is growing. Many people are already facing the challenges posed by these progressive and terminal conditions, whether in person or because they are caring for loved ones. Dementia is now the fifth most common cause of death across the world. It is a small wonder that understanding, preventing, and finally curing these illnesses is now a global priority. Recent advances in brain research have given scientists a better chance than ever of finding ways to help patients, carers, and clinicians dealing with dementia. Yet there is still no effective treatment. Why has progress been so slow? And what can we all do to reduce our chances of getting the disease? In this Very Short Introduction Kathleen Taylor offers a guide to the science of dementia and brain ageing. Never forgetting the human costs of brain disorders - movingly illustrated throughout the book - she also discusses their costs to society. Clearly explaining the research, she sets out the main ideas which have driven dementia science, and the new contenders hoping to make a breakthrough. Taylor also looks at risk factors, and how to lower our chances of succumbing to dementia. Assessing current and potential treatments, including both drugs and other approaches, she explains, clearly and gently, what help is available for someone who is diagnosed with dementia, and how to boost the chances of living well with the condition. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Child Psychology

Child Psychology
Author: Usha C. Goswami
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 153
Release: 2014
ISBN: 0199646597
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Child Psychology Book Excerpt:

This volume tracks child development from birth to early adolescence. Exploring the process of attachment and psychological relationships, as well as methods of active learning, including language and reasoning, Usha Goshwami explains how children develop as they do and how we can understand developmental differences.

Thought A Very Short Introduction

Thought  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Tim Bayne
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 145
Release: 2013-01-31
ISBN: 0199601720
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thought A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

"In this lively Very Short Introduction, Tim Bayne explores the nature of thought. Drawing on research from philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and anthropology, he examines what we know--and what we don't know--about one of the defining features of human nature: our capacity for thought."--P. [2] of cover.

Autism A Very Short Introduction

Autism  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Uta Frith
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 145
Release: 2008-10-23
ISBN: 0199207569
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

"What is autism and Asperger syndrome? What are the core symptoms, and what causes them? How early can autism be recognised and what can be done? Why does autism seem to be more and more common? Are we all a little bit autistic?" "This Very Short Introduction offers a clear statement on what is currently known about autism and Asperger syndrome. Looking at symptoms from the full spectrum of autistic disorders, and evaluating current evidence from neuroscience and genetics, this authoritative and accessible book explores the source and nature of social impairment and exceptional talent. Autism: A Very Short Introduction gives a glimpse of life seen through the eyes of autism."--BOOK JACKET.

Emotion

Emotion
Author: Dylan Evans
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 145
Release: 2019-09-26
ISBN: 0198834403
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotion Book Excerpt:

Was love invented by European poets in the Middle Ages or is it part of human nature? Will winning the lottery really make you happy? Is it possible to build robots that have feelings? In this Very Short Introduction Dylan Evans explores these and many other intriguing questions in this guide to the latest thinking about the emotions. Drawing on a wide range of scientific research, from anthropology and psychology to neuroscience and artificial intelligence, Evans takes the reader on a fascinating journey into the human heart, discussing the evolution of emotions and their biological basis, the science of happiness, and the role that emotions play in memory and decision making. Greeted by critics as a pop science classic when it was first published in 2001, the book has now been thoroughly revised and updated to incorporate new developments in our understanding of emotions, including new sections addressing the neural basis of empathy and the emotional impact of films. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Memory A Very Short Introduction

Memory  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Jonathan K. Foster
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 153
Release: 2009
ISBN: 0192806750
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Memory A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

"Why can we sometimes remember events from our childhood as if they happened yesterday, but not what we did last week? How are memories stored in the brain, and how does our memory change as we age? What happens when our memory goes wrong, and how easy is it for others to manipulate our memories?" "This fascinating Very Short Introduction brings together the latest research in psychology and neuroscience to address these and many other important questions about the science of memory - revealing how our memory works, why we couldn't live without it, and even how we may learn to remember more."--BOOK JACKET.

Dyslexia

Dyslexia
Author: Margaret J. Snowling
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 169
Release: 2019-05
ISBN: 0198818300
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dyslexia Book Excerpt:

Since dyslexia was first described in the British Medical Journal in 1896, there has been debate about the definitions and diagnostic procedures used, with some casting doubt on its very existence. However, there is now a considerable body of research regarding the nature and characteristics of this relatively common learning disorder. The contemporary view of dyslexia has emerged from a century of research in medicine, psychology, and more recently neuroscience, and we now understand enough about this learning disorder to guide policy and practice. This Very Short Introduction provides an accessible overview of this exciting field of research, beginning with its history, and drawing on testimony from people living with dyslexia. Considering the potential causes of dyslexia, and looking at both genetic and environment factors, Margaret Snowling shows how cross-linguistic studies have documented the prevalence of dyslexia in different languages. Discussing the various brain scanning techniques that have been used to find out if the brains of people with dyslexia differ in structure or function from those of typical readers, Snowling moves on to weigh up various strategies and interventions which can help people living with dyslexia today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Behavioural Economics A Very Short Introduction

Behavioural Economics  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Michelle Baddeley
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2017-01-19
ISBN: 019107117X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioural Economics A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

Traditionally economists have based their economic predictions on the assumption that humans are super-rational creatures, using the information we are given efficiently and generally making selfish decisions that work well for us as individuals. Economists also assume that we're doing the very best we can possibly do - not only for today, but over our whole lifetimes too. But increasingly the study of behavioural economics is revealing that our lives are not that simple. Instead, our decisions are complicated by our own psychology. Each of us makes mistakes every day. We don't always know what's best for us and, even if we do, we might not have the self-control to deliver on our best intentions. We struggle to stay on diets, to get enough exercise and to manage our money. We misjudge risky situations. We are prone to herding: sometimes peer pressure leads us blindly to copy others around us; other times copying others helps us to learn quickly about new, unfamiliar situations. This Very Short Introduction explores the reasons why we make irrational decisions; how we decide quickly; why we make mistakes in risky situations; our tendency to procrastination; and how we are affected by social influences, personality, mood and emotions. The implications of understanding the rationale for our own financial behaviour are huge. Behavioural economics could help policy-makers to understand the people behind their policies, enabling them to design more effective policies, while at the same time we could find ourselves assaulted by increasingly savvy marketing. Michelle Baddeley concludes by looking forward, to see what the future of behavioural economics holds for us. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Psychology of Music

Psychology of Music
Author: Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 159
Release: 2018-11
ISBN: 0190640154
Category: Music
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychology of Music Book Excerpt:

Music has been examined from multiple perspectives: as a product of human history, for example, or a product of human culture. But there is also a long tradition, intensified in recent decades, of thinking about music as a product of the human mind. Whether considering composition, performance, listening, or appreciation, the constraints and capabilities of the human mind play a formative role. The field that has emerged around this approach is known as the psychology of music. Written in a lively and accessible manner, this volume connects the science to larger questions about music that are of interest to practicing musicians, music therapists, musicologists, and the general public alike. For example: Why can one musical performance move an audience to tears, and another compel them to dance, clap, or snap along? How does a "hype" playlist motivate someone at the gym? And why is that top-40 song stuck in everyone's head? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Cognitive Media Theory

Cognitive Media Theory
Author: Ted Nannicelli,Paul Taberham
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2014-03-26
ISBN: 1136226109
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Media Theory Book Excerpt:

Across the academy, scholars are debating the question of what bearing scientific inquiry has upon the humanities. The latest addition to the AFI Film Readers series, Cognitive Media Theory takes up this question in the context of film and media studies. This collection of essays by internationally recognized researchers in film and media studies, psychology, and philosophy offers film and media scholars and advanced students an introduction to contemporary cognitive media theory—an approach to the study of diverse media forms and content that draws upon both the methods and explanations of the sciences and the humanities. Exploring topics that range from color perception to the moral appraisal of characters to our interactive engagement with videogames, Cognitive Media Theory showcases the richness and diversity of cognitivist research. This volume will be of interest not only to students and scholars of film and media, but to anyone interested in the possibility of a productive relationship between the sciences and humanities.

Thought A Very Short Introduction

Thought  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Tim Bayne
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2013-01-31
ISBN: 0191642525
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thought A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

There is no denying that thinking comes naturally to human beings. But what are thoughts? How is thought realized in the brain? Does thinking occur in public or is it a purely private affair? Do young children and non-human animals think? Is human thought the same everywhere, or are there culturally specific modes of thought? What is the relationship between thought and language? What kind of responsibility do we have for our thoughts? In this compelling Very Short Introduction, Tim Bayne looks at the nature of thought. Beginning with questions about what thought is and what distinguishes it from other kinds of mental states, he goes on to examine various interpretations of thought from philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and anthropology. By exploring the logical structures of thought and the relationship between thought and other mental phenomena, as well as the mechanisms that make thought possible and the cultural variations that may exist in our thought processes, Bayne looks at what we know - and don't know - about our great capacity for thought. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Quantum Information and Consciousness

Quantum Information and Consciousness
Author: Danko D. Georgiev
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-12-06
ISBN: 1351401785
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Information and Consciousness Book Excerpt:

"I loved the book! This book is not just interesting, it is exciting. I have probably read every significant book in the field, and this is the strongest and most convincing one yet. It is also one of the most comprehensive in its explanations. I shall most certainly recommend the book to colleagues." –Richard G. Petty, MD "a very good introduction to the basic theory of quantum systems.... Dr. Georgiev’s book aptly prepares the reader to confront whatever might be in store later." –from the Foreword by Prof. James F. Glazebrook, Eastern Illinois University This book addresses the fascinating cross-disciplinary field of quantum information theory applied to the study of brain function. It offers a self-study guide to probe the problems of consciousness, including a concise but rigorous introduction to classical and quantum information theory, theoretical neuroscience, and philosophy of the mind. It aims to address long-standing problems related to consciousness within the framework of modern theoretical physics in a comprehensible manner that elucidates the nature of the mind-body relationship. The reader also gains an overview of methods for constructing and testing quantum informational theories of consciousness.

Science and Religion A Very Short Introduction

Science and Religion  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Thomas Dixon
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 169
Release: 2008-07-24
ISBN: 0199295514
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science and Religion A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

The debate between science and religion is never out of the news: emotions run high, fuelled by polemical bestsellers like iThe God Delusion/i and, at the other end of the spectrum, high-profile campaigns to teach 'Intelligent Design' in schools.Yet there is much more to the debate than the clash of these extremes. As Thomas Dixon shows in this balanced and thought-provoking introduction, a whole range of views, subtle arguments, and fascinating perspectives can be taken on this complex and centuries-old subject. He explores not only thekey philosophical questions that underlie the debate, but also highlights the social, political, and ethical contexts that have made 'science and religion' such a fraught and interesting topic in the modern world. Along the way, he examines landmark historical episodes such as the Galileo affair,Charles Darwin's own religious and scientific odyssey, the Scopes 'Monkey Trial' in Tennessee in 1925, and the Dover Area School Board case of 2005, and includes perspectives from non-Christian religions and examples from across the physical, biological, and social sciences.

Psychology and Education

Psychology and Education
Author: Diahann Gallard,Katherine M. Cartmell
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 157
Release: 2014-11-20
ISBN: 1317667115
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychology and Education Book Excerpt:

There are a number of psychological themes which are key to really understanding education: for example, the internal processes of learners, the nature of learning in culture and the influences on teaching and learning. Written specifically for education studies students, Psychology and Education is an accessible text that offers a clear introduction to educational psychology on education studies programmes. It considers the key psychological ideas that will support students' understanding of how different individuals and groups of individuals learn and behave in educational contexts and settings. Looking at factors that influence learning and attainment, the book discusses themes such as the relationship between cognition and emotion, emotional intelligence and motivation. Throughout, the emphasis is on encouraging the reader to avoid stereotyping, attributions and rigid views of learner ability. Features include: a focus on only the most relevant psychological themes case studies to exemplify key points extended research tasks reflection points. Part of the Foundations of Education Studies series, this timely textbook is essential reading for students coming to the study of educational psychology for the first time. It will ensure that undergraduate students are confident and competent with core psychological ideas related to education and help them to understand how different individuals learn and behave in educational contexts and settings.

Ex Auditu Volume 32

Ex Auditu   Volume 32
Author: Klyne Snodgrass
Publsiher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2017-06-05
ISBN: 1725250292
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ex Auditu Volume 32 Book Excerpt:

Introduction Klyne Snodgrass On Bringing Home the Bacons: Reflections on Science, Faith, and Scripture Iain Provan Response to Provan John Walton Paul and the Person: Perspectives from Philosophy and the Cognitive Sciences Susan Grove Eastman Response to Eastman A. Andrew Das Evolutionary Psychology and Romans 5-7: The "Slavery to Sin" in Human Nature Paul Allen Response to Allen Christopher Lilley Multiverse: Philosophical and Theological Perspectives Gerald B. Cleaver Made as Mirrors: Biblical and Neuroscientific Reflections on Imaging God Joshua M. Moritz Response to Moritz Tyler Johnson Forming Identities in Grace: Imitatio and Habitus as Contemporary Categories for the Sciences of Mindfulness and Virtue Michael Spezio Knowing in Part: The Demands of Scientific and Religious Knowledge in Everyday Decisions, or "She Blinded Me With Science!" and Deciding Whether to Wear Checks with Stripes Johnny Wei-Bing Lin Response to Lin Linda M. Eastwood "A Rock of Offense": The Problem of Scripture in Science and Theology Hans Madueme Response to Madueme Matthew Maas Annotated Bibliography on Science and Religion Presenters and Respondents

Learning A Very Short Introduction

Learning  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Mark Haselgrove
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2016-07-20
ISBN: 0191512788
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Learning A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

What is learning? How does it take place? What happens when it goes wrong? The topic of learning has been central to the development of the science of psychology since its inception. Without learning there can be no memory, no language and no intelligence. Indeed it is rather difficult to imagine a part of psychology, or neuroscience, that learning does not touch upon. In this Very Short Introduction Mark Haselgrove describes learning from the perspective of associative theories of classical and instrumental conditioning, and considers why these are the dominant, and best described analyses of learning in contemporary psychology. Tracing the origins of these theories, he discusses the techniques used to study learning in both animals and humans, and considers the importance of learning for animal behaviour and survival. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Bibliographic Index

Bibliographic Index
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 26
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Bibliographical literature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bibliographic Index Book Excerpt:

Psychotherapy A Very Short Introduction

Psychotherapy  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Tom Burns
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2015-01-22
ISBN: 0191003581
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychotherapy A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

Psychotherapy and counselling are now widely available to help people overcome emotional and psychological difficulties in their lives. They involve spending time with a professional in an emotionally safe and structured relationship to explore and express the issues that cause distress and difficulty, whether long term self-doubts, relationship problems, or the impact of a trauma or crisis. As a society, we now take this focus on talking through and understanding our identity and relationships for granted, but it is hardly more than a century old. In this Very Short Introduction, Tom Burns and Eva Burns-Lundgren trace the development of psychotherapy from its origins in Freud's psychoanalysis to the range of different approaches - counselling, cognitive behaviour therapy, and other time-limited therapies, mindfulness, group and family therapies, and many more. Describing the processes central to them all and highlighting their differences, they demonstrate what problems each therapy are best suited for. They explain the principles behind the most commonly available types of psychotherapies and provide examples of what patients can expect when they seek such help. They conclude by examining the practice of psychotherapy - the types of training psychotherapists have, the safeguards that exist to keep practice reliable, and how one goes about choosing a psychotherapist. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.