Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems

Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems
Author: Rogelio E. Cardona-Rivera
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2017-03-31
ISBN: 9781138073371
Category: Cognitive neuroscience
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems Book Excerpt:

While there have been tremendous advances in our scientific understanding of the brain, this work has been largely academic, and often oriented toward clinical publication. Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems: Work and Everyday Life addresses the relationship between neurophysiological processes and the performance and experience of humans in everyday life. It samples the vast neuroscience literature to identify those areas of research that speak directly to the performance and experience of humans in everyday settings, highlighting the practical, everyday application of brain science. The book explains the underlying basis for well-established principles from human factors, ergonomics, and industrial engineering and design. It also sheds new light on factors affecting human performance and behavior. This is not an academic treatment of neuroscience, but rather a translation that makes modern brain science accessible and easily applicable to systems design, education and training, and the development of policies and practices. The authors supply clear and direct guidance on the applications of principles from brain science to everyday problems. With discussions of topics from brain science and their relevance to everyday activities, the book focuses on the science, describing the findings and the studies producing these findings. It then decodes how these findings relate to everyday life and how you can integrate them into your work to achieve more effective outcomes based on a fundamental understanding of how the operations of the human brain produce behavior and modulate performance.

Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems

Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems
Author: Chris Forsythe,Huafei Liao,Michael Christopher Stefan Trumbo,Rogelio E. Cardona-Rivera
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2014-09-26
ISBN: 146657058X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems Book Excerpt:

While there have been tremendous advances in our scientific understanding of the brain, this work has been largely academic, and often oriented toward clinical publication. Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems: Work and Everyday Life addresses the relationship between neurophysiological processes and the performance and experience of humans in everyday life. It samples the vast neuroscience literature to identify those areas of research that speak directly to the performance and experience of humans in everyday settings, highlighting the practical, everyday application of brain science. The book explains the underlying basis for well-established principles from human factors, ergonomics, and industrial engineering and design. It also sheds new light on factors affecting human performance and behavior. This is not an academic treatment of neuroscience, but rather a translation that makes modern brain science accessible and easily applicable to systems design, education and training, and the development of policies and practices. The authors supply clear and direct guidance on the applications of principles from brain science to everyday problems. With discussions of topics from brain science and their relevance to everyday activities, the book focuses on the science, describing the findings and the studies producing these findings. It then decodes how these findings relate to everyday life and how you can integrate them into your work to achieve more effective outcomes based on a fundamental understanding of how the operations of the human brain produce behavior and modulate performance.

Forensic Human Factors and Ergonomics

Forensic Human Factors and Ergonomics
Author: Michael S. Wogalter
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2018-09-05
ISBN: 0429869150
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Human Factors and Ergonomics Book Excerpt:

This book has 18 case study chapters investigating various injury scenarios through the use of a Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) analysis. Each injury scenario derives from one or more similar lawsuits (but names, places and some of the details are fictionalized). The scenarios describe a ‘slice of life’ of people interacting with products, equipment, tasks, and environments before they are seriously hurt. The forensic analyses that follows each scenario gives a background of prior similar events and systematically examines potential causes leading up the injury event, with emphasis on the person-machine interface, human error, hazard analysis, hazard control and a model of communication-human information processing (C-HIP). Chapter authors are highly experienced expert witnesses in HFE. The methods used are general techniques that can be applied to other injury scenarios, but would be better if employed earlier in a product’s life cycle to prevent or limit injury. The last chapter offers some broad take-away points that cut across several of the case studies.

Handbook of Human Factors in Air Transportation Systems

Handbook of Human Factors in Air Transportation Systems
Author: Steven James Landry
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2017-11-22
ISBN: 1351653148
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Human Factors in Air Transportation Systems Book Excerpt:

One of the primary applications of human factors engineering is in the aviation domain, and the importance of human factors has never been greater as U.S. and European authorities seek to modernize the air transportation system through the introduction of advanced automation. This handbook provides regulators, practitioners, researchers, and educators a comprehensive resource for understanding and applying human factors to air transportation.

Advances in Ergonomics in Design

Advances in Ergonomics in Design
Author: Francisco Rebelo,Marcelo Soares
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1040
Release: 2017-06-22
ISBN: 3319605828
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Ergonomics in Design Book Excerpt:

This book provides readers with a timely snapshot of ergonomics research and methods applied to the design, development and prototyping – as well as the evaluation, training and manufacturing – of products, systems and services. Combining theoretical contributions, case studies, and reports on technical interventions, it covers a wide range of topics in ergonomic design including: ecological design; educational and game design; cultural and ethical aspects in design; user research and human–computer interaction in design; as well as design for accessibility and extreme environments, and many others. The book places special emphasis on new technologies such as virtual reality, state-of-the-art methodologies in information design, and human–computer interfaces. Based on the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Ergonomics in Design, held on July 17–21, 2017, in Los Angeles, California, USA, the book offers a timely guide for both researchers and design practitioners, including industrial designers, human–computer interaction and user experience researchers, production engineers and applied psychologists.

Ergonomic Workplace Design for Health Wellness and Productivity

Ergonomic Workplace Design for Health  Wellness  and Productivity
Author: Alan Hedge
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2016-08-05
ISBN: 1315356449
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ergonomic Workplace Design for Health Wellness and Productivity Book Excerpt:

Even with today’s mobile technology, most work is still undertaken in a physical workplace. Today’s workplaces need to be healthy environments that minimize the risks of illnesses or injuries to occupants to compete in the marketplace. This necessitates the application of good ergonomics design principles to the creation of effective workplaces, and this is the focus of this book. This book will: · Focus on ergonomic design for better health and ergonomic design for better productivity · Presents environments that support new ways of working and alternative workplace strategies, as well as the impacts of new technologies · Covers the role of ergonomics design in creating sustainable workplaces · Includes ergonomics design for a wide variety of workplaces, from offices to hospitals, to hotels to vehicles, etc... · Shows the design principles on how to design and create a healthy and productive workplace The market lacks an ergonomics design book that covers the topics that this book will cover. This book summarizes design principles for practitioners, and applies them to the variety of workplace settings described in the book. No other book currently on the market does that.

Ergonomics in Design

Ergonomics in Design
Author: Marcelo M. Soares,Francisco Rebelo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2016-09-19
ISBN: 1498760716
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ergonomics in Design Book Excerpt:

Currently people deal with various entities (such as hardware, software, buildings, spaces, communities and other people), to meet specific goals while going about their everyday activities in work and leisure environments. These entities have become more and more complex and incorporate functions that hitherto had never been allocated such as automation, use in virtual environments, connectivity, personalization, mobility and friendliness. This book contributes to the analysis of human-system interactions from the perspective of ergonomics, regardless of how simple or complex they are, while incorporating the needs of users and workers in a healthy safe, efficient and enjoyable manner. This book provides a comprehensive review of the state of the art of current ergonomic in design methods and techniques that are being applied to products, machinery, equipment, workstations and systems while taking new technologies and their applications into consideration. Ergonomics in Design: Methods and Techniques is organized into four sections and 30 chapters covering topics such as conceptual aspects of ergonomics in design, the knowledge of human characteristics applied to design, and the methodological aspects of design. Examples are shown in several areas of design including, but not limited to, consumer products, games, transport, education, architecture, fashion, sustainability, biomechanics, intelligent systems, virtual reality, and neurodesign. This book will: Introduces the newest developments in social-cultural approaches Shows different ergonomics in design methodological approaches Divulges the ways that ergonomics can contribute to a successful design Applies different subjects to support the design including –ergonomics, engineering, architecture, urbanism, neuro, and product designs. Presents recent technologies in ergonomic design, as applied to product design. With the contributions from a team of 75 researchers from 11 countries, the book covers the state-of-the-art of ergonomics in a way to produce better design.

Human Computer Interaction and Cybersecurity Handbook

Human Computer Interaction and Cybersecurity Handbook
Author: Abbas Moallem
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2018-10-03
ISBN: 1351730762
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Computer Interaction and Cybersecurity Handbook Book Excerpt:

Recipient of the SJSU San Jose State University Annual Author & Artist Awards 2018 Cybersecurity, or information technology security, focuses on protecting computers and data from criminal behavior. The understanding of human performance, capability, and behavior is one of the main areas that experts in cybersecurity focus on, both from a human–computer interaction point of view, and that of human factors. This handbook is a unique source of information from the human factors perspective that covers all topics related to the discipline. It includes new areas such as smart networking and devices, and will be a source of information for IT specialists, as well as other disciplines such as psychology, behavioral science, software engineering, and security management. Features Covers all areas of human–computer interaction and human factors in cybersecurity Includes information for IT specialists, who often desire more knowledge about the human side of cybersecurity Provides a reference for other disciplines such as psychology, behavioral science, software engineering, and security management Offers a source of information for cybersecurity practitioners in government agencies and private enterprises Presents new areas such as smart networking and devices

Modeling Sociocultural Influences on Decision Making

Modeling Sociocultural Influences on Decision Making
Author: Joseph V. Cohn,Sae Schatz,Hannah Freeman,David J. Y. Combs
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 546
Release: 2016-09-19
ISBN: 149873670X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling Sociocultural Influences on Decision Making Book Excerpt:

In our increasingly globally interconnected world, understanding and appreciating the sociocultural context within which individuals make their decisions is critical to developing successful partnerships. The collection of chapters in this volume illustrates how advances in information and social media technologies, as well as modeling and simulation tools, combined with the social sciences, can be leveraged to better understand how sociocultural context influences decision making. The chapters in this volume were contributed by leading experts from academia, industry, and government and provide: Insights into cross-cultural decision making based on recent international events, with grounding in an historical context Discussions of cutting-edge modeling techniques used today by professionals across multiple organizations and agencies Descriptions of specific cross-cultural decision making tools designed for use by laypeople and professionals Case studies on the role of cross-cultural decision making grounded in current events and (in many cases) military applications.

Fall Prevention and Protection

Fall Prevention and Protection
Author: Hongwei Hsiao, PhD
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 547
Release: 2016-11-03
ISBN: 1482217155
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fall Prevention and Protection Book Excerpt:

This book covers a wealth of knowledge from experts and informed stakeholders on the best ways to understand, prevent, and control fall-related risk exposures. Featured are subjects on: (1) a public health view of fall problems and strategic goals; (2) the sciences behind human falls and injury risk; (3) research on slips, trips and falls; (4) practical applications of prevention and protection tools and methods in industrial sectors and home/communities; (5) fall incident investigation and reconstruction; and (6) knowledge gaps, emerging issues, and recommendations for fall protection research and fall mitigation.

Advances in Usability User Experience Wearable and Assistive Technology

Advances in Usability  User Experience  Wearable and Assistive Technology
Author: Tareq Ahram,Christianne Falcão
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 933
Release: 2020-07-01
ISBN: 3030518280
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Usability User Experience Wearable and Assistive Technology Book Excerpt:

This book addresses emerging issues in usability, interface design, human–computer interaction, user experience and assistive technology. It highlights research aimed at understanding human interactions with products, services and systems and focuses on finding effective approaches for improving the user experience. It also discusses key issues in designing and providing assistive devices and services for individuals with disabilities or impairment, offering them support with mobility, communication, positioning, environmental control and daily living. The book covers modeling as well as innovative design concepts, with a special emphasis on user-centered design, and design for specific populations, particularly the elderly. Further topics include virtual reality, digital environments, gaming, heuristic evaluation and forms of device interface feedback (e.g. visual and haptic). Based on the AHFE 2020 Virtual Conference on Usability and User Experience, the AHFE 2020 Virtual Conference on Human Factors and Assistive Technology, the AHFE Virtual Conference on Human Factors and Wearable Technologies, and the AHFE 2020 Virtual Conference on Virtual Environments and Game Design, held on July 16–20, 2020, it provides academics and professionals with an extensive source of information and a timely guide to tools, applications and future challenges in these fields.

The Science of Footwear

The Science of Footwear
Author: Ravindra S. Goonetilleke
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 726
Release: 2012-11-06
ISBN: 1439835691
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Science of Footwear Book Excerpt:

Although we now have sophisticated algorithms and techniques for determining the shapes and sizes and for matching the fit between shoes and feet, few, if any, of the books currently available cover these new technologies until now. Bringing together high-quality and state-of-the-art contributions from designers, biomechanists, ergonomists, enginee

Data Mining

Data Mining
Author: Nong Ye
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2013-07-26
ISBN: 1482219360
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Mining Book Excerpt:

New technologies have enabled us to collect massive amounts of data in many fields. However, our pace of discovering useful information and knowledge from these data falls far behind our pace of collecting the data. Data Mining: Theories, Algorithms, and Examples introduces and explains a comprehensive set of data mining algorithms from various dat

Cognitive Load Measurement and Application

Cognitive Load Measurement and Application
Author: Robert Z. Zheng
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2017-11-22
ISBN: 1315296233
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Load Measurement and Application Book Excerpt:

Cognitive Load Measurement and Application provides up-to-date research and theory on the functional role of cognitive load measurement and its application in multimedia and visual learning. Grounded in a sound theoretical framework, this edited volume introduces methodologies and strategies that effect high-quality cognitive load measurement in learning. Case studies are provided to aid readers in comprehension and application within various learning situations, and the book concludes with a review of the possible future directions of the discipline.

Around the Patient Bed

Around the Patient Bed
Author: Yoel Donchin,Daniel Gopher
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2013-10-16
ISBN: 1466573627
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Around the Patient Bed Book Excerpt:

The occurrence of failures and mistakes in health care, from primary care procedures to the complexities of the operating room, has become a hot-button issue with the general public and within the medical community. Around the Patient Bed: Human Factors and Safety in Health Care examines the problem and investigates the tools to improve health care quality and safety from a human factors engineering viewpoint—the applied scientific field engaged in the interaction between the human operator (functionary, worker), task requirements, the governing technical systems, and the characteristics of the work environment. The book presents a systematic human factors-based, proactive approach to the improvement of health care work and patient safety. The proposed approach delineates a more direct and powerful alternative to the contemporary dominant focus on error investigation and care providers' accountability. It demonstrates how significant improvements in the quality of care and enhancement of patient safety are contingent on a major shift from efforts and investments driven by a retroactive study of errors, incidents, and adverse events, to an emphasis on proactive human factors-driven intervention and the development of corresponding conceptual approaches and methods for its systematic implementation. Edited by Yoel Donchin, representing the medical profession, and Daniel Gopher, from the human factors engineering field, the book brings together experts who have collaborated to present studies that reveal a wide range of problems and weaknesses of the contemporary health care system, which impair safety and quality and increase workload. The book presents practical solutions based on human factors engineering components and cognitive psychology, and explains their driving principles and methodologies. This approach provides tools to significantly reduce the number of errors, creates a safe environment, and improves the quality of health care.

Handbook of Virtual Environments

Handbook of Virtual Environments
Author: Kelly S. Hale,Kay M. Stanney
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1456
Release: 2014-09-10
ISBN: 1466511850
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Virtual Environments Book Excerpt:

A Complete Toolbox of Theories and TechniquesThe second edition of a bestseller, Handbook of Virtual Environments: Design, Implementation, and Applications presents systematic and extensive coverage of the primary areas of research and development within VE technology. It brings together a comprehensive set of contributed articles that address the

Neuroergonomics

Neuroergonomics
Author: Hasan Ayaz,Frederic Dehais
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2018-11-21
ISBN: 0128119276
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroergonomics Book Excerpt:

Neuroergonomics: The Brain at Work and in Everyday Life details the methodologies that are useful for keeping an ideal human-machine system up-to-date, along with information on how to prevent potential overload and minimize errors. It discusses neural measures and the proper methods and technologies to maximize performance, thus providing a resource for neuroscientists who want to learn more about the technologies and real-time tools that can help them assess cognitive and motivational states of human operators and close the loop for advanced human-machine interaction. With the advent of new and improved tools that allow monitoring of brain activity in the field and better identification of neurophysiological markers that can index impending overload or fatigue, this book is a timely resource on the topic. Includes neurobiological models to better understand risky decision-making and cognitive countermeasures, augmented cognition, and brain stimulations to enhance performance and mitigate human error Features innovative methodologies and protocols using psychophysiological measurements and brain imaging techniques in realistic operational settings Discusses numerous topics, including cognitive performance in psychological and neurological disorders, brain computer interfaces (BCI), and human performance monitoring in ecological conditions, virtual reality, and serious gaming

Neuroergonomics

Neuroergonomics
Author: A. Johnson,R. Proctor
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2013-02-21
ISBN: 1137316527
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroergonomics Book Excerpt:

This book covers the foundations and successes of Neuroergonomics, combining neuroscience and ergonomics to enhance efficiency and safety. An overview of the essential areas within the field is given including chapters on brain networks, perception, attention, and performance.

Human Performance in Automated and Autonomous Systems

Human Performance in Automated and Autonomous Systems
Author: Mustapha Mouloua,Peter A. Hancock
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-09-19
ISBN: 042985742X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Performance in Automated and Autonomous Systems Book Excerpt:

This book examines recent advances in theories, models, and methods relevant to automated and autonomous systems. The following chapters provide perspectives on modern autonomous systems, such as self-driving cars and unmanned aerial systems, directly from the professionals working with and studying them. Current theories surrounding topics such as vigilance, trust, and fatigue are examined throughout as predictors of human performance in the operation of automated systems. The challenges related to attention and effort in autonomous vehicles described within give credence to still-developing methods of training and selecting operators of such unmanned systems. The book further recognizes the need for human-centered approaches to design; a carefully crafted automated technology that places the "human user" in the center of that design process. Features Combines scientific theories with real-world applications where automated technologies are implemented Disseminates new understanding as to how automation is now transitioning to autonomy Highlights the role of individual and team characteristics in the piloting of unmanned systems and how models of human performance are applied in system design Discusses methods for selecting and training individuals to succeed in an age of increasingly complex human-machine systems Provides explicit benchmark comparisons of progress across the last few decades, and identifies future prognostications and the constraints that impinge upon these lines of progress Human Performance in Automated and Autonomous Systems: Current Theory and Methods illustrates the modern scientific theories and methods to be applied in real-world automated technologies.

Human Performance in Automated and Autonomous Systems Two Volume Set

Human Performance in Automated and Autonomous Systems  Two Volume Set
Author: Mustapha Mouloua,Peter A. Hancock
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 630
Release: 2019-12-17
ISBN: 0429857454
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Performance in Automated and Autonomous Systems Two Volume Set Book Excerpt:

This two-volume set addresses a variety of human factors issues and engineering concerns across various real-world applications such as aviation and driving, cybersecurity, and healthcare systems. The contents of these books also present recent theories and methods related to human performance, workload and usability assessment in automated and autonomous systems. In this set, the authors discuss both current and developing topics of advanced automation technologies and present emerging practical challenges. Topics covered include unmanned aerial systems and self-driving cars, individual and team performance, human-robot interaction, and operator selection and training. Both practical and theoretical discussions of modern automated and autonomous systems are provided throughout each of the volumes. These books are suitable for those first approaching the issues to those well versed in these fast-moving areas, including students, teachers, researchers, engineers, and policy makers alike. Volume 1 - Human Performance in Automated and Autonomous Systems: Current Theory and Methods Volume 2 - Human Performance in Automated and Autonomous Systems: Emerging Issues and Practical Perspectives