Comparative Politics

Author by : Howard J. Wiarda
Languange : un
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Democracy And Post Communism

Author by : Graeme Gill
Languange : un
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : The collapse of communism was widely heralded as the dawn of democracy across the former Soviet region. However, the political outcome has been much less uniform. The post-communist states have developed political systems from democracy to dictatorship. Using examples and empirical data collected from twenty-six former Soviet states, Graeme Gill provides a detailed comparative analysis of the core issues of regime change, the creation of civil society, economic reform and the changing nature of post-communism. Within these individual cases, it becomes clear that political outcomes have not been arbitrary, but directly reflect the circumstances surrounding the birth of independence. Students of Comparative Politics, International Relations and Russian and Post-Soviet Studies should find this book essential reading.


Defeating Authoritarian Leaders In Postcommunist Countries

Author by : Valerie J. Bunce
Languange : un
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : From 1998 to 2005, six elections took place in postcommunist Europe that had the surprising outcome of empowering the opposition and defeating authoritarian incumbents or their designated successors. Valerie J. Bunce and Sharon L. Wolchik compare these unexpected electoral breakthroughs. They draw three conclusions. First, the opposition was victorious because of the hard and creative work of a transnational network composed of local opposition and civil society groups, members of the international democracy assistance community and graduates of successful electoral challenges to authoritarian rule in other countries. Second, the remarkable run of these upset elections reflected the ability of this network to diffuse an ensemble of innovative electoral strategies across state boundaries. Finally, elections can serve as a powerful mechanism for democratic change. This is especially the case when civil society is strong, the transfer of political power is through constitutional means, and opposition leaders win with small mandates.


At The Crossroads Of Post Communist Modernisation

Author by : C. Pursiainen
Languange : un
Publisher by : Springer
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Total Read : 51
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Description : This volume takes a comparative approach to understand general tendencies in post-Communist transition in Russia and China. Bringing together perspectives from Political Science, Sociology and IR, it analyses three arenas of social change: socio-economic systems, political systems, and foreign policies.


Democracy Derailed In Russia

Author by : M. Steven Fish
Languange : un
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Total Read : 26
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Description : Why has democracy failed to take root in Russia? After shedding the shackles of Soviet rule, some countries in the postcommunist region undertook lasting democratization. Yet Russia did not. Russia experienced dramatic political breakthroughs in the late 1980s and early 1990s, but it subsequently failed to maintain progress toward democracy. In this book, M. Steven Fish offers an explanation for the direction of regime change in post-Soviet Russia. Relying on cross-national comparative analysis as well as on in-depth field research in Russia, Fish shows that Russia's failure to democratize has three causes: too much economic reliance on oil, too little economic liberalization, and too weak a national legislature. Fish's explanation challenges others that have attributed Russia's political travails to history, political culture, or to 'shock therapy' in economic policy. The book offers a theoretically original and empirically rigorous explanation for one of the most pressing political problems of our time.


Political Science In Central East Europe

Author by : Rainer Eisfeld
Languange : un
Publisher by : Verlag Barbara Budrich
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Total Read : 56
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Description : The book will survey the recent development and current “state of the art” of political science in post-communist Central and Eastern Europe. It will comprise (a) three comparative overviews: Political Science and Regime Change in East-Central Europe from the 20th to the 21st Century; Analytical and Normative Elements in Political Science Approaches: Is there a Specific Central-East European Pattern?; Political Science Associations in East-Central Europe: How Important, how much International Cooperation?; (b) 20 detailed and comparable country reports: Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, and Ukraine; (c) a chapter on the European Confederation of Political Science Associations. The country reports will include tables on political science faculty, students with political science as a major, and sub-fields taught at both state and private universities (as per the end of 2008). They will cover the following topics: Institutionalization of the discipline; achievements, deficits, prevailing approaches, and funding of research in the discipline’s sub-fields; curricula, admission regulation, and degree system in political science teaching; national representation and international cooperation (major journals and published books, political science associations, international links); public impact of the discipline, labor market, challenges and opportunities.


Russia S Place In The World

Author by : Andrej Kreutz
Languange : un
Publisher by : Algora Publishing
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Description : Prof. Kreutz presents a concise geopolitical and historical background of Russia and the major predicaments that currently hamper its full international integration and acceptance. He outlines the negative and potentially dangerous aspects of the existing situation. In the author's view the Russian Federation, which is a successor state of the Soviet Union and the previous Russian Empire, should not now be treated as a defeated nation on probation. Rather, alongside China, it should be acknowledged as a great independent power with its own political traditions and interests. Only such an approach can secure international peace and cooperation in Europe and Asia, which are needed by all countries of the region and even the world at large. The book's approach is mainly historical; nevertheless it focuses on some of the most important and controversial present day international challenges both in Europe and Asia. Its aims to address academics, journalists and other specialists, but also is written for the general public. Its goal is to provide an alternative and unprejudiced view of the "Russian Problem," starting with the recognition that the struggle for survival has been a major challenge in Russia's past and present - a fact that is often seemingly overlooked by those analysts who misconstrue defensive moves as potential aggression. An expert on Eastern Europe and political history, Prof. Kreutz is neither a Russia-sympathizer nor a Russia-basher, but he presents a neutral account of Russia's place in the world. This book fills a gap left by other recent works including the historical monograph by Marshall J. Poe, The Russian Moment in World History, which provides only the introduction and background to the present situations, and Professor Tsygankov's Russia's Foreign Policy: Change and Continuity in National Identity, which is more about various Russian political theories than on the actual socio-political and geopolitical situation of the country. Mankoff's Russian Foreign Policy. The Return of Great Power Politics and Treisman's The Return: Journey from Gorbachev to Medvyedev are focused on the current political issues and make some interesting points; however, they do not seem to perceive the challenges coming to Russia from the neo-capitalist transformations and US imperial expansion in its neighborhood. Dmitri Trenin did not mention much about them either, in Post-Imperium-Eurasian Story. While presenting a rather bleak picture of present-day Russia, he suggests that Moscow should open itself fully to the capitalist modernization and accept US hegemony. His comparisons of the Soviet Union with the former Western colonial empires are not always convincing. Trenin, a former Soviet Colonel and diplomat is apparently influenced by his present employment with the Carnegie Endowment, but his book is nevertheless informative and makes an interesting contribution to the existing literature on the subject.


Comparative Politics In Transition

Author by : John McCormick
Languange : en
Publisher by : Harcourt College Pub
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
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Description : Intended as an textbook for an introductory course in comparative politics, this work provides a non-Eurocentric introduction to the political systems around the world. Maps, focuses boxes, biographical boxes and Web sites listings provide information on the people and places that highlight each chapter as well as resources for further information.


Challenges To Democracy

Author by : Sten Berglund
Languange : un
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
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Description : 'The book is written in a systematic, clear and accessible style and provides an excellent introduction to the state of democracy in contemporary postsocialist Europe. . . . Recommended for undergraduate, graduate, research, and faculty collections.' - P. Rutland, Choice The euphoria evidenced in the aftermath of the collapse of communist regimes in the late 1980s and early 1990s sometimes conveyed the impression that the process of democratization would be achieved without difficulty or tribulation. This book sets out to provide a thorough comparative analysis of the challenges which face the emerging democracies of Central and Eastern Europe and considers the impact of political change. Drawing heavily on available survey data, the book provides an in-depth account of how the new democracies of Central and Eastern Europe have coped with four major challenges: political fragmentation, nationalism, lack of respect for human rights, and poorly developed civil service systems. The book demonstrates that although the first few years of the 1990s were marked by increasing disenchantment with the new regimes, the change of governments as a direct result of the electoral process and the prospects for European integration have served to reverse this negative trend. Indeed, the authors find that the new political systems have managed to cope with the challenges so effectively that striking similarities with Western democracies are now apparent.


Problems Of Post Communism

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Constitutional Politics In Central And Eastern Europe

Author by : Anna Fruhstorfer
Languange : un
Publisher by : Springer VS
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
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Description : The contributions to this edited volume discuss constitutional politics in 20 Central and Eastern European countries. The country chapters describe all constitutional amendments and new constitutions after the first post-communist constitution-making, all failed amendment attempts, and the political discourses about constitutional politics. Framed by a broad comparative chapter, the country studies are embedded in the established literature on constitutional politics. The book thus provides a better understanding of constitutional politics in the region and beyond.


Introduction To Comparative Politics

Author by : John David Nagle
Languange : un
Publisher by : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
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Description : This updated text introduces students to the major challenges facing political systems as we approach the year 2000. The systems are grouped into three types: the advanced, liberal, democracies; the Communist and post-Communist nations; and the developing nations. Nagle examines the performance records of these systems in four areas -- economic growth, social equality, personal liberty, and quality of life. The fifth edition has a major focus on transitions from Communism to post-Communism. It pays more attention to Japan, India, and Mexico as examples, and treats issues like ethnic conflict, crisis in the welfare state, and new world disorder. Nagle provides the latest data available.


Beyond Post Communist Studies

Author by : Terry Dee Clark
Languange : en
Publisher by : M.E. Sharpe
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
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Description : Clark seeks to correct shortcomings and oversights in democratic consolidation theory, and to demonstrate how rational-choice approaches can be meaningfully applied to analyzing political processes in some of the democracies of post-communist Europe.


Comparative Politics 99 00

Author by : Christian Søe
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGraw-Hill/Dushkin
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
Total Download : 327
File Size : 40,7 Mb
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Description : This text considers the political infrastructure of countries and regions around the world. It discusses political diversity in the developing world and considers the political map of Europe, as well as major trends and issues in comparative politics.


Historical Legacies Of Communism In Russia And Eastern Europe

Author by : Mark Beissinger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
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Description : This book takes stock of arguments about the historical legacies of communism that have become common within the study of Russia and East Europe more than two decades after communism's demise and elaborates an empirical approach to the study of historical legacies revolving around relationships and mechanisms rather than correlation and outward similarities. Eleven essays by a distinguished group of scholars assess whether post-communist developments in specific areas continue to be shaped by the experience of communism or, alternatively, by fundamental divergences produced before or after communism. Chapters deal with the variable impact of the communist experience on post-communist societies in such areas as regime trajectories and democratic political values; patterns of regional and sectoral economic development; property ownership within the energy sector; the functioning of the executive branch of government, the police, and courts; the relationship of religion to the state; government language policies; and informal relationships and practices.


Post Communist Politics

Author by : Michael McFaul
Languange : un
Publisher by : Center for Strategic & International studies
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
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The Oxford Handbook Of Political Economy

Author by : Barry R. Weingast
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
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File Size : 54,5 Mb
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Description : Oxford Handbooks of Political Science are the essential guide to the state of political science today. With engaging contributions from 71 major international scholars, the Oxford Handbook of Political Economy provides the key point of reference for anyone working in political economy and beyond.


The Capitalist Transformation Of State Socialism

Author by : David Lane
Languange : un
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
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Description : David Lane outlines succinctly yet comprehensively the development and transformation of state socialism. While focussing on Russia and the countries of Eastern Europe, he also engages in a discussion of the Chinese path. In response to the changing social structure and external demands, he outlines different scenarios of reform. He contends that European state socialism did not collapse but was consciously dismantled. He brings out the West’s decisive support of the reform process and Gorbachev’s significant role in tipping the balance of political forces in favour of an emergent ascendant class. In the post-socialist period, he details developments in the economy and politics. He distinguishes different political and economic trajectories of countries of the former USSR, the New Member States of the European Union, and China; and he notes the attempts to promote further change through ‘coloured’ revolutions. The book provides a detailed account not only of the unequal impact of transformation on social inequality which has given rise to a privileged business and political class, but also how far the changes have fulfilled the promise of democracy promotion, wealth creation and human development. Finally, in the context of globalisation, the author considers possible future political and economic developments for Russia and China. Throughout the author, a leading expert in the field, brings to bear his deep knowledge of socialist countries, draws on his research on the former Soviet Union, and visits to nearly all the former state socialist countries, including China.


Democracy Derailed In Russia

Author by : M. Steven Fish
Languange : un
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
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Description : Although Russia experienced dramatic political breakthroughs in the late 1980s and early 1990s after shedding the shackles of Soviet rule, it subsequently failed to continue progressing toward democracy. M. Steven Fish offers an explanation for the direction of regime change in post-Soviet Russia, relying on cross-national comparative analysis as well as on in-depth field research in Russia. Fish demonstrates that Russia's failure to democratize has three causes: too much economic reliance on oil, too little economic liberalization, and too weak a national legislature.


Social Justice And Political Change

Author by : David Mason
Languange : un
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 493
File Size : 45,8 Mb
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Description : Analysis and debate about economic and political justice rarely involves research on the views of the common person. Scholars often make assumptions about what common people think is fair, but for the most part they confine their thinking to a single country and argue on rational or moral grounds, with little supporting empirical data. Social Justice and Political Change, involves the collaboration of thirty social scientists in twelve countries, and represents broad-ranging comparative research. The book grows out of a collaborative study of public opinion about social justice. Though conceived prior to the revolutions that swept Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, the ISJP did not put its survey into the field until the summer of 1991, in a new climate of open international exchange in social research. Employing common methods of data collection and, within the limits of translation, identical survey instruments, the ISJP investigated public opinion in seven newly emerging post-Communist countries and five of the worldi?1/2s most influential capitalist democracies, with special sensitivity to divergencies in the newly united Germany. Among the themes addressed by the volumei?1/2s distinguished contributors are the views and beliefs of citizens in the post-Communist states on the transition to market economies and parliamentary democracy; the role of ideology in legitimating inequality; the structural determination of beliefs about justice; the processes that shape individual level evaluations; and the major implications of public opinion and mass participation in the democratic process.


Democracy And Enlargement In Post Communist Europe

Author by : Christian W. Haerpfer
Languange : un
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 397
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Description : Democracy and Enlargement in Post-Communist Europe presents the principal findings of a unique in-depth study of the birth of democracy and the market economy in fifteen post-Communist countries. Haerpfer analyses and compares the information collected by the New Democracies Barometer public opinion surveys to provide an overview of the process of democratization across Central and Eastern Europe. This is an extremely valuable resource and will be useful for all those interested in the European Union, comparative politics and democracy and the Communist legacy. It contains data from Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania the Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine.


Politics In Russia

Author by : Thomas F Remington
Languange : un
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 576
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Description : Highly regarded for its comprehensive coverage, up-to-date scholarship, and comparative framework, Politics in Russia is an authoritative overview of Russia's contemporary political system and its recent evolution.Area specialist Thomas Remington focuses on four areas of change in this text state structure, regime change, economic transformation, and identity to offer a dynamic context for analyzing the post-Soviet era. With a consistent emphasis on the intersection of politics and economics and the tension between authoritarian and democratic trends, no other text guides students through the complexities and ambiguities of Russian politics today like Politics in Russia.


The Transformation Of State Socialism

Author by : D. Lane
Languange : un
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 439
File Size : 41,6 Mb
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Description : This book considers aspects of transformation of former state socialist countries: social and economic outcomes; forces in the transformation process; problems of consolidation of the new regimes;and other scenarios. It also looks at alternative types of society that might replace state socialism, particularly state capitalism and market socialism.


Post Soviet Affairs

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 432
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Description :


Consolidating The Third Wave Democracies

Author by : Larry Jay Diamond
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 578
File Size : 48,5 Mb
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Description : Consolidating the third wave democracies/ edited by Larry Diamond [and others].