Complexity and Complex Thermo Economic Systems

Complexity and Complex Thermo Economic Systems
Author: Stanislaw Sieniutycz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 415
Release: 2019-11-24
ISBN: 0128185953
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complexity and Complex Thermo Economic Systems Book Excerpt:

Complexity and Complex Thermoeconomic Systems describes the properties of complexity and complex thermo-economic systems as the consequence of formulations, definitions, tools, solutions and results consistent with the best performance of a system. Applying to complex systems contemporary advanced techniques, such as static optimization, optimal control, and neural networks, this book treats the systems theory as a science of general laws for functional integrities. It also provides a platform for the discussion of various definitions of complexity, complex hierarchical structures, self-organization examples, special references, and historical issues. This book is a valuable reference for scientists, engineers and graduated students in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering, as well as those in physics, ecology and biology, helping them better understand the complex thermodynamic systems and enhance their technical skills in research. Provides a lucid presentation of the dynamical properties of thermoeconomic systems Includes original graphical material that illustrates the properties of complex systems Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics

Complexity and Complex Chemo Electric Systems

Complexity and Complex Chemo Electric Systems
Author: Stanislaw Sieniutycz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2021-03-01
ISBN: 0128236361
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complexity and Complex Chemo Electric Systems Book Excerpt:

Complexity and Complex Chemo-Electric Systems presents an analysis and synthesis of chemo-electric systems, providing insights on transports in electrolytes, electrode reactions, electrocatalysis, electrochemical membranes, and various aspects of heterogeneous systems and electrochemical engineering. The book describes the properties of complexity and complex chemo-electric systems as the consequence of formulations, definitions, tools, solutions and results that are often consistent with the best performance of the system. The book handles cybernetics, systems theory and advanced contemporary techniques such as optimal control, neural networks and stochastic optimizations (adaptive random search, genetic algorithms, and simulated annealing). A brief part of the book is devoted to issues such as various definitions of complexity, hierarchical structures, self-organization examples, special references, and historical issues. This resource complements Sieniutycz’ recently published book, Complexity and Complex Thermodynamic Systems, with its inclusion of complex chemo-electric systems in which complexities, emergent properties and self-organization play essential roles. Covers the theory and applications of complex chemo-electric systems through modeling, analysis, synthesis and optimization Provides a clear presentation of the applications of transport theory to electrolyte solutions, heterogeneous electrochemical systems, membranes, electro-kinetic phenomena and interface processes Includes numerous explanatory graphs and drawings that illustrate the properties and complexities in complex chemo-electric systems Written by an experienced expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics and related aspects of macroscopic physics

Complexity and Complex Ecological Systems

Complexity and Complex Ecological Systems
Author: Stanislaw Sieniutycz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2023-01-20
ISBN: 9780443192371
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complexity and Complex Ecological Systems Book Excerpt:

Complexity and Complex Ecological Systems covers the basic aspects of analysis, synthesis and optimization of ecological systems. The book focuses on the study of environmental systems aimed to understand how organisms behave and live with each other in unique physical environs. It treats ecology-related topics, such as biological diversity in fluid systems, living complexity behavior, and organismic changes in unique environments as well as other ecological problems such as biological organization, life with each other, energy degradation, gradient reduction, organisms adaptation, population dynamics, spatial patterns, ecological integrity, sustainability, and environmental strategies. This complexity-oriented book complements Sieniutycz' recently published books Complexity and Complex Thermo-Economic Systems and Complexity and Complex Chemo-Electric Systems.

ECOS 2012 The 25th International Conference on Efficiency Cost Optimization and Simulation of Energy Conversion Systems and Processes Perugia June 26th June 29th 2012

ECOS 2012 The 25th International Conference on Efficiency  Cost  Optimization and Simulation of Energy Conversion Systems and Processes  Perugia  June 26th June 29th  2012
Author: Enrico Sciubba,Giampaolo Manfrida,Umberto Desideri
Publsiher: Firenze University Press
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2012
ISBN: 9788866553229
Category: Energy conservation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ECOS 2012 The 25th International Conference on Efficiency Cost Optimization and Simulation of Energy Conversion Systems and Processes Perugia June 26th June 29th 2012 Book Excerpt:

Thermoacoustic Instability

Thermoacoustic Instability
Author: R. I. Sujith,Samadhan A. Pawar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 467
Release: 2021-12-14
ISBN: 3030811352
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermoacoustic Instability Book Excerpt:

This book systematically presents the consolidated findings of the phenomenon of self-organization observed during the onset of thermoacoustic instability using approaches from dynamical systems and complex systems theory. Over the last decade, several complex dynamical states beyond limit cycle oscillations such as quasiperiodicity, frequency-locking, period-n, chaos, strange non-chaos, and intermittency have been discovered in thermoacoustic systems operated in laminar and turbulent flow regimes. During the onset of thermoacoustic instability in turbulent systems, an ordered acoustic field and large coherent vortices emerge from the background of turbulent combustion. This emergence of order from disorder in both temporal and spatiotemporal dynamics is explored in the contexts of synchronization, pattern formation, collective interaction, multifractality, and complex networks. For the past six decades, the spontaneous emergence of large amplitude, self-sustained, tonal oscillations in confined combustion systems, characterized as thermoacoustic instability, has remained one of the most challenging areas of research. The presence of such instabilities continues to hinder the development and deployment of high-performance combustion systems used in power generation and propulsion applications. Even with the advent of sophisticated measurement techniques to aid experimental investigations and vast improvements in computational power necessary to capture flow physics in high fidelity simulations, conventional reductionist approaches have not succeeded in explaining the plethora of dynamical behaviors and the associated complexities that arise in practical combustion systems. As a result, models and theories based on such approaches are limited in their application to mitigate or evade thermoacoustic instabilities, which continue to be among the biggest concerns for engine manufacturers today. This book helps to overcome these limitations by providing appropriate methodologies to deal with nonlinear thermoacoustic oscillations, and by developing control strategies that can mitigate and forewarn thermoacoustic instabilities. The book is also beneficial to scientists and engineers studying the occurrence of several other instabilities, such as flow-induced vibrations, compressor surge, aeroacoustics and aeroelastic instabilities in diverse fluid-mechanical environments, to graduate students who intend to apply dynamical systems and complex systems approach to their areas of research, and to physicists who look for experimental applications of their theoretical findings on nonlinear and complex systems.

Complexities of Production and Interacting Human Behaviour

Complexities of Production and Interacting Human Behaviour
Author: Yuji Aruka
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2011-03-29
ISBN: 3790826189
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complexities of Production and Interacting Human Behaviour Book Excerpt:

As the real world is rapidly becoming more and more complicated, economists need to venture beyond the boundaries of mainstream economics and integrate philosophical thought and complexity into their analytical frameworks. In this context, this volume brings together papers on economic theory and its related issues, exploring complex production systems and heterogeneously interacting human behavior. The author challenges economists to integrate economic theory and moral science anew by referring to evolutionary economics and socio-econophysics. The three parts of the book focus on the complexities of production and social interaction, the moral science of heterogeneous economic interaction, and the Avatamsaka’s dilemma of the two-person game with only positive spillovers.

Economics

Economics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: PediaPress
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economics Book Excerpt:

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering
Author: Rita Maria de Brito Alves,Cláudio Augusto Oller do Nascimento,Evaristo Chalbaud Biscaia (Jr)
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1224
Release: 2009
ISBN: 0444534350
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering Book Excerpt:

The 10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering, PSE'09, will be held in Salvador-Bahia, Brazil on August 16-20, 2009. The special focus of PSE 2009 is Sustainability, Energy and Engineering. PSE 2009 is the tenth in the triennial series of international symposia on process systems engineering initiated in 1982. The meeting is brings together the worldwide PSE community of researchers and practitioners who are involved in the creation and application of computing-based methodologies for planning, design, operation, control and maintenance of chemical and petrochemical process industries. PSE'09 will look at how the PSE methods and tools can support sustainable resource systems and emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering: environmentally conscious design of industrial processes. PSE methods and tools support: - sustainable resource systems - emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering - environmentally conscious design of industrial processes

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2009

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering   PSE2009
Author: Rita Maria de Brito Alves,Claudio Augusto Oller do Nascimento,Evaristo Chalbaud Biscaia
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 2165
Release: 2009-08-05
ISBN: 9780444534736
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2009 Book Excerpt:

This book contains the proceedings of the 10e of a series of international symposia on process systems engineering (PSE) initiated in 1982. The special focus of PSE09 is how PSE methods can support sustainable resource systems and emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering. * Contains fully searchable CD of all printed contributions * Focus on sustainable green engineering * 9 Plenary papers, 21 Keynote lectures by leading experts in the field

Unifying Themes in Complex Systems IX

Unifying Themes in Complex Systems IX
Author: Alfredo J. Morales,Carlos Gershenson,Dan Braha,Ali A. Minai,Yaneer Bar-Yam
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2018-07-23
ISBN: 3319966618
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unifying Themes in Complex Systems IX Book Excerpt:

Unifying Themes in Complex Systems is a well-established series of carefully edited conference proceedings that serve to document and archive the progress made regarding cross-fertilization in this field. The International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS) creates a unique atmosphere for scientists from all fields, engineers, physicians, executives, and a host of other professionals, allowing them to explore common themes and applications of complex systems science. With this new volume, Unifying Themes in Complex Systems continues to establish common ground between the wide-ranging domains of complex systems science.

Energy Conservation in the Process Industries

Energy Conservation in the Process Industries
Author: W. F. Kenney
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN: 0080924018
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Conservation in the Process Industries Book Excerpt:

Energy Conservation in the Process Industries provides insight into ways of identifying more important energy efficiency improvements. This book demonstrates how the principles can be employed to practical advantage. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the energy situation and a background in thermodynamics. This text then describes a staged method to improved energy use to understand where the energy goes and how to calculate the value of losses. Other chapters consider improving facilities based on an understanding of the overall site energy system. This book discusses as well the fundamental process and equipment improvements. The final chapter deals with systematic and sophisticated design methods as well as provides some guidelines and checklists for energy conservation items. This book is a valuable resource for mechanical, lead process, and plant engineers involved in energy conservation. Process designers, plant managers, process researchers, and accountants will also find this book extremely useful.

Designing for the 21st Century

Designing for the 21st Century
Author: Tom Inns
Publsiher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9781409402404
Category: Design
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Designing for the 21st Century Book Excerpt:

This second volume describes Phase 2 of the UK's research council supported Initiative to capitalise on the potential that a design approach might bring to innovation in business and society

The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis

The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis
Author: T. J. Kotas
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN: 1483100367
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis Book Excerpt:

The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis aims to discuss the history, related concepts, applications, and development of the Exergy Method - analysis technique that uses the Second Law of Thermodynamics as the basis of evaluation of thermodynamic loss. The book, after an introduction to thermodynamics and its related concepts, covers concepts related to exergy, such as physical and chemical exergy, exergy concepts for a control method and a closed-system analysis, the exergy analysis of simple processes, and the thermocentric applications of exergy. A seven-part appendix is also included. Appendices A-D covers miscellaneous information on exergy, and Appendix E features charts of thermodynamic properties. Appendix F is a glossary of terms, and Appendix G contains the list of references. The text is recommended for physicists who would like to know more about the Exergy Method, its underlying principles, and its applications not only in thermal plant analysis but also in certain areas.

Adaptive Control of Ill Defined Systems

Adaptive Control of Ill Defined Systems
Author: Oliver G. Selfridge,Edwina L. Rissland,Michael A. Arbib
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN: 1468489410
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptive Control of Ill Defined Systems Book Excerpt:

There are some types of complex systems that are built like clockwork, with well-defined parts that interact in well-defined ways, so that the action of the whole can be precisely analyzed and anticipated with accuracy and precision. Some systems are not themselves so well-defined, but they can be modeled in ways that are like trained pilots in well-built planes, or electrolyte balance in healthy humans. But there are many systems for which that is not true; and among them are many whose understanding and control we would value. For example, the model for the trained pilot above fails exactly where the pilot is being most human; that is, where he is exercising the highest levels of judgment, or where he is learning and adapting to new conditions. Again, sometimes the kinds of complexity do not lead to easily analyzable models at all; here we might include most economic systems, in all forms of societies. There are several factors that seem to contribute to systems being hard to model, understand, or control. The human participants may act in ways that are so variable or so rich or so interactive that the only adequate model of the system would be the entire system itself, so to speak. This is probably the case in true long term systems involving people learning and growing up in a changing society.

Integrated Power And Desalination Plants

Integrated Power And Desalination Plants
Author: Asghar. Husain
Publsiher: EOLSS Publications
Total Pages: 646
Release: 2003-10-15
ISBN: 0954298942
Category: Power-plants
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Power And Desalination Plants Book Excerpt:

Application of advanced computer-oriented techniques are necessary in the synthesis, design analysis and operation of a complex integrated plant to produce power and freshwater, by desalting seawater or brackish water, at higher efficiency and lower cost. These are the two vital commodities to maintains sustainability of life, particularly in the arid regions where natural freshwater supply is either totally lacking or has become scarce. Even in the regions with polluted water resources, such a system is required to support life. At the same time, the available energy should be put to maximum use and life-cycle analysis is essential to ensure sustainability of the systems. The contributors of this book, experts in their own respective fields, outline the various techniques enriched by their experience. The contents of the book would, therefore, be of great interest not only to designers and operators of dual-purpose power-desalination plants but also to educators and researchers as well serve as a valuable source of information to those engaged in other areas of processing industry. The book is motivated by the growing importance of integrated power and desalination plants in general and in their respective regions in particular, and the long felt need for an authoritative book on the subject. After a long gap of more than two decades following the publication of "Principles of Desalination" Spiegler and Laird in 1980, this book would be a welcome addition to the literature in the field to serve as a valuable guide and reference to all those who are concerned with the integration of power and desalination plants. It will also serve as a valuable source of information to those in the processing industry in general.

Shifting Patterns of Agricultural Trade

Shifting Patterns of Agricultural Trade
Author: Vasilii Erokhin,Gao Tianming,Jean Vasile Andrei
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2021-08-06
ISBN: 981163260X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Shifting Patterns of Agricultural Trade Book Excerpt:

This book is a pivotal publication that seeks to improve food security in the conditions of escalating protectionism in global agricultural trade. The authors argue that global trade systems have been increasingly distorted by emerging trade tensions between major actors such as the US, China, the EU, and Russia, as well as trade policies in many other countries. In view of the most recent disruption of global food supply chains due to the outbreak of the COVID-19, the book examines the effects of administrative restrictions, tariff escalations, and other forms of protectionism on food security. Over the decades, food security concerns have been emerging, along with the growth of the world population. More than two billion most impoverished people in the world spent up to 70% of their disposable income on food. In 2020, the running pandemic has unraveled accumulated problems. As many countries rely on agricultural imports, lockdowns and disrupted food production and supply chains tremendously threaten food security of those nations. Agricultural trade was already slowing in 2019 before the virus struck, weighed down by trade tensions, and decelerating economic growth. The spread of the virus and strict quarantine measures trigger economic decline that results in food prices rises and volatilities. Due to the pandemic, nearly all regions will suffer double-digit decline in trade volumes 2020. The virus will be defeated, but the effects of the protectionism outbreak would have a much longer-lasting impact on agricultural production, international supply chains, and food security worldwide. In this publication, the authors probe into many of the choices that link national, regional, and global policies extensively with the provision of food security for all in the new era of post-virus global trade. Since studying global agricultural trade has a multinational application, its outcomes might be shared with a broad international network of stakeholders, including research institutions, universities, and individual researches. The book is appropriate for government officials, policymakers, and businesses of many countries. Adaptation of research outcomes and solutions to the situation in particular countries and various collaboration formats will let to increase the visibility of the publication and to elaborate new practices and solutions in the sphere of establishing sustainable food security.

The Knowledge Plexus

The Knowledge Plexus
Author: George Chorafakis
Publsiher: Vernon Press
Total Pages: 391
Release: 2020-10-06
ISBN: 162273047X
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Knowledge Plexus Book Excerpt:

This book is a collection of 5 essays on the economic geography of technological knowledge. Their common threads are: (i) the quest for a new paradigm in economic geography, termed ‘systemic’, as an alternative to the neoclassical, based on the epistemological premise of emergence and the theories of evolution and complexity; and (ii) the intent to explain the process of technological knowledge production as a systemic phenomenon occurring in relational space subject to emergence and co-evolutionary dynamics. In this theoretical framework, the author analyses various European knowledge networks, and examines their effects on the production of technological knowledge as sources of relational cognitive capital and economies of complexity. He then poses a number of questions on the direction and instrumentalities of the European research, technological development and innovation policies, and in particular on the issues of cohesion and dynamic efficiency of the European research system.

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems
Author: Stanislaw Sieniutycz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 738
Release: 2016-05-20
ISBN: 0128093390
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems Book Excerpt:

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems responds to the need for a synthesizing volume that throws light upon the extensive field of thermodynamics from a chemical engineering perspective that applies basic ideas and key results from the field to chemical engineering problems. This book outlines and interprets the most valuable achievements in applied non-equilibrium thermodynamics obtained within the recent fifty years. It synthesizes nontrivial achievements of thermodynamics in important branches of chemical and biochemical engineering. Readers will gain an update on what has been achieved, what new research problems could be stated, and what kind of further studies should be developed within specialized research. Presents clearly structured chapters beginning with an introduction, elaboration of the process, and results summarized in a conclusion Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics Provides a synthesis of recent thermodynamic developments in practical systems Presents very elaborate literature discussions from the past fifty years

Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings

Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings
Author: Jose M Sala-Lizarraga,Ana Picallo Perez
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 1114
Release: 2019-10-01
ISBN: 0128176121
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings Book Excerpt:

Quantifying exergy losses in the energy supply system of buildings reveals the potential for energy improvement, which cannot be discovered using conventional energy analysis. Thermoeconomics combines economic and thermodynamic analysis by applying the concept of cost (an economic concept) to exergy, as exergy is a thermodynamic property fit for this purpose, in that it combines the quantity of energy with its quality factor. Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings applies exergy analysis methods and thermoeconomics to the built environment. The mechanisms of heat transfer throughout the envelope of buildings are analyzed from an exergy perspective and then to the building thermal installations, analyzing the different components, such as condensing boilers, absorption refrigerators, microcogeneration plants, etc., including solar installations and finally the thermal facilities as a whole. A detailed analysis of the cost formation process is presented, which has its physical roots firmly planted in the second law of thermodynamics. The basic principles and the rules of cost allocation, in energy units (exergy cost), in monetary units (exergoeconomic cost), and in CO2 emissions (exergoenvironmental cost), based on the so-called Exergy Cost Theory are presented and applied to thermal installations of buildings. Clear and rigorous in its exposition, Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings discusses exergy analysis and thermoeconomics and the role they could play in the analysis and design of building components, either the envelope or the thermal facilities, as well as the diagnosis of thermal installations. This book moves progressively from introducing the basic concepts to applying them. Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings provides examples of specific cases throughout this book. These cases include real data, so that the results obtained are useful to interpret the inefficiencies and losses that truly occur in actual installations; hence, the assessment of their effects encourages the manner to improve efficiency. Applies exergy analysis methods for the installation of building thermal facilities equipment components, including pipes, valves, heat exchangers, boilers and heat pumps Helps readers determine the operational costs of heating and cooling building systems Includes exergy analysis methods that are devoted to absorption refrigerators, adsorption cooling systems, basic air conditioning processes, ventilation systems and solar systems, either thermal and PV Discusses the direct application of exergy analysis concepts, including examples of buildings with typical heating, DHW and air conditioning installations

Exergy Energy System Analysis and Optimization Volume II

Exergy  Energy System Analysis and Optimization   Volume II
Author: Christos A. Frangopoulos
Publsiher: EOLSS Publications
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2009-05-13
ISBN: 1848261659
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exergy Energy System Analysis and Optimization Volume II Book Excerpt:

Exergy, Energy System Analysis, and Optimization theme is a component of the Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources which is part of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. These three volumes are organized into five different topics which represent the main scientific areas of the theme: 1. Exergy and Thermodynamic Analysis; 2. Thermoeconomic Analysis; 3. Modeling, Simulation and Optimization in Energy Systems; 4. Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems in Energy Systems Analysis; 5. Sustainability Considerations in the Modeling of Energy Systems. Fundamentals and applications of characteristic methods are presented in these volumes. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.