Compostable Polymer Materials

Compostable Polymer Materials
Author: Ewa Rudnik
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2010-07-07
ISBN: 9780080560847
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Compostable Polymer Materials Book Excerpt:

Compostable Polymer Materials deals with an environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book provides up–to-date results and information about compostable polymer materials in a coherent and comprehensive manner. It covers the entire spectrum of preparation, properties, degradation, and environmental issues. The emphasis is on recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxicological assessment of polymer materials-–important issues from the ecological point of view. Moreover, the thermal behavior of compostable polymers is described. Their price evolution over the past decade, an estimation of the market and future perspectives are presented. Focus on the composting process, compostability standards, compost quality and composting studies Coherent and uniformly presented information about methods of preparation; properties, processing and applications Up-to-date information on ecotoxicity testing and studies of polymers Overview of thermal stability and thermal degradation process of compostable polymer materials Presents future perspectives of compostable polymers, including evolution of price during last decade Information about waste management evolution in Europe, USA and Asia (China) with emphasis on composting during the last decade

Compostable Polymer Materials

Compostable Polymer Materials
Author: Ewa Rudnik
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2019-06-04
ISBN: 0080994423
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Compostable Polymer Materials Book Excerpt:

Compostable Polymer Materials, Second Edition, deals with the environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable, or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book covers the entire spectrum of preparation, degradation, and evironmental issues related to compostable polymers. It emphasizes recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxilogical assessment of polymer materials. It descibes the thermal behavior, including flammability properties, of compostable polymers. It also explores possible routes of compostable polymers waste disposal through an ecological lens. Finally, the book examines the economic factors at work, including price evolution over the past decade, the current market, and future perspectives. Compostable Polymer Materials is an essential resource for graduate students and scientists working in chemistry, materials science, ecology, and environmental science. Provides a comprehensive study of the composting process Details methods of compostable polymers preparation, including properties, processing and applications Presents the state-of-the-art knowledge on ecotoxicity testing and biodegradation under real composting conditions of compostable polymers, as well as biodegradation in various environments, such as marine environments and anaerobic conditions Discusses the evolution of waste management in Europe and the United States, as well as the status of MSW disposal and treatment methods in countries such as China and Brazil Overviews biodegradation studies under real composting conditions of products made of compostable polymers, e.g. bags, bottles, cutletry Analyzes evolution of market development, including price of compostable polymers during the last decade

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics
Author: Sina Ebnesajjad
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN: 1455730033
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics Book Excerpt:

Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics are a hot issue across the Plastics industry, and for many of the industry sectors that use plastic, from packaging to medical devices and from the construction indusry to the automotive sector. This book brings together a number of key biopolymer and biodegradable plastics topics in one place for a broad audience of engineers and scientists, especially those designing with biopolymers and biodegradable plastics, or evaluating the options for switching from traditional plastics to biopolymers. Topics covered include preparation, fabrication, applications and recycling (including biodegradability and compostability). Applications in key areas such as films, coatings controlled release and tissue engineering are discussed. Dr Ebnesajjad provides readers with an in-depth reference for the plastics industry – material suppliers and processors, bio-polymer producers, bio-polymer processors and fabricators – and for industry sectors utilizing biopolymers – automotive, packaging, construction, wind turbine manufacturers, film manufacturers, adhesive and coating industries, medical device manufacturers, biomedical engineers, and the recycling industry. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with bioplastics, or evaluating a migration to bioplastics. Includes key published material on biopolymers, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material including coverage of PLA and Tissue Engineering Scaffolds. Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design decisions.

Plastic Films in Food Packaging

Plastic Films in Food Packaging
Author: Sina Ebnesajjad
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN: 1455731153
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastic Films in Food Packaging Book Excerpt:

The value of the groceries purchases in the USA is over $500 billion annually, most of which is accounted for by packaged foods. Plastic packaging of foods is not only ubiquitous in developed economies, but increasingly commonplace in the developing world, where plastic packaging is instrumental in decreasing the proportion of the food supply lost to spoilage. This new handbook is a combination of new material and updated chapters, chosen by Dr. Sina Ebnesajjad, from recently published books on this subject. Plastic Films in Food Packaging offers a practical handbook for engineers, scientists and managers working in the food packaging industry, providing a tailor-made package of science and engineering fundamentals, best practice techniques and guidance on new and emerging technologies. By covering materials, design, packaging processes, machinery and waste management together in one book, the authors enable the reader to take a lifecycle approach to food packaging. The Handbook addresses questions related to film grades, types of packages for different types of foods, packaging technologies, machinery and waste management. Additionally the book provides a review of new and emerging technologies. Two chapters cover the development of barrier films for food packaging and the regulatory and safety aspects of food packaging. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working at all stages of the food packaging lifecycle: from design through manufacture to recycling Includes key published material on plastic films in food packaging, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material on the regulatory framework and safety aspects Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design and manufacturing decisions

The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers Recent Developments Properties Analysis Materials Processes

The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers  Recent Developments  Properties  Analysis  Materials   Processes
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2006-10-01
ISBN: 8178330350
Category: Plastics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers Recent Developments Properties Analysis Materials Processes Book Excerpt:

Biodegradable plastics made with plant based materials have been available for many years. The term biodegradable means that a substance is able to be broken down into simpler substances by the activities of living organisms, and therefore is unlikely to persist in the environment. There are many different standards used to measure biodegradability, with each country having its own. The requirements range from 90 per cent to 60 per cent decomposition of the product within 60 to 180 days of being placed in a standard composting environment. They may be composed of either bio plastics, which are plastics whose components are derived from renewable raw materials, or petroleum based plastics which contain additives. Biodegradability of plastics is dependent on the chemical structure of the material and on constitution of the final product, not just on the raw materials used for its production. Polyesters play a predominant role as biodegradable plastics due to their potentially hydrolysable ester bonds. Bio based polymers are divided into three categories based on their origin and production; polymer directly extracted from biomass, polymers produced by classical chemical synthesis using renewable biomass monomer and polymers produces by microorganisms or genetically modified bacteria. In response to public concern about the effects of plastics on the environment and in particular the damaging effects of sea litter on animals and birds, legislation is being enacted or is pending in many countries to ban non degradable packing, finishing nets etc. This book basically deals with biodegradable plastics developments and environmental impacts, hydro biodegradable and photo biodegradable, starch synthetic aliphatic polyester blends, difference between standards for biodegradation, polybutylene succinate (pbs) and polybutylene, recent developments in the biopolymer industry, recent advances in synthesis of biopolymers by traditional methodologies, polymers, environmentally degradable synthetic biodegradable polymers as medical devices, polymers produced from classical chemical synthesis from bio based monomers, potential bio based packaging materials, conventional packaging materials, environmental impact of bio based materials: biodegradability and compostability, etc. Environmentally acceptable degradable polymers have been defined as polymers that degrade in the environment by several mechanisms and culminate in complete biodegradation so that no residue remains in the environment. The present book gives thorough information to biodegradable plastic and polymers. This is an excellent book for scientists engineers, students and industrial researchers in the field of bio based materials.

High Technology Research and Applications 2017

High Technology  Research and Applications 2017
Author: Georgii E. Osokin,Ekaterina A. Kulinich
Publsiher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2018-04-27
ISBN: 3035732817
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Technology Research and Applications 2017 Book Excerpt:

The 6th International Science and Engineering Conference for young scientists, postgraduate and undergraduate students “High Technology: Research and Applications” (HTRA, Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russia, November 27-29, 2017) presents research works in the fields of new materials and coatings for various applications, projects in advanced organic chemistry and biotechnologies, achievements of machine engineering.

Introduction to Polymer Chemistry Second Edition

Introduction to Polymer Chemistry  Second Edition
Author: Charles E. Carraher Jr.
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2010-01-12
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Polymer Chemistry Second Edition Book Excerpt:

With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this second edition offers detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, ceramics, and more.

Journal of Polymer Materials

Journal of Polymer Materials
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1992
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Polymerization
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Polymer Materials Book Excerpt:

Recycling Materials Based on Environmentally Friendly Techniques

Recycling Materials Based on Environmentally Friendly Techniques
Author: Dimitris Achilias
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 126
Release: 2015-07-15
ISBN: 9535121421
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recycling Materials Based on Environmentally Friendly Techniques Book Excerpt:

Reducing the amount of solid wastes in landfills is one of the main targets in nowadays wastes treatment. To this direction, there is a great need in finding of smart recycling techniques which should, as is possible, to be environmentally friendly. The intention of this book is to present some recent methods for the recycling of several materials, including plastics and wood, as well as to show the importance of composting of polymers. It targets professionals, recycling companies, researchers, academics and graduate students in the fields of waste management and polymer recycling in addition to chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, chemistry and physics. This book comprises 5 chapters covering areas such as, recycling of polystyrene, polyesters, PC, WEEE and wood waste, together with compostable polymers and nanocomposites.

Polymer Degradation and Performance

Polymer Degradation and Performance
Author: American Chemical Society. Meeting
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Degradation and Performance Book Excerpt:

"Developed from ... papers ... presented at the symposium on Polymer Performance Degradation and Materials Selection at the American Chemical Society (ACS) spring meeting held in March 2007 in Chicago, Illinois"--P. xi.

Polymerization Processes and Polymer Materials II

Polymerization Processes and Polymer Materials II
Author: I. Meisel,C. S. Kniep,S. Spiegel,K. Grieve
Publsiher: Wiley-VCH
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2002-01-28
ISBN: 9783527303373
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymerization Processes and Polymer Materials II Book Excerpt:

The World Polymer Congresses are highlights in the calendars of polymer scientists. In July 2000, the 38th International Symposium on Macromolecules (sponsored by IUPAC) was held in Warsaw, attended by 1 500 participants from 54 countries. The program covered all areas of macromolecular chemistry---from various kinds of polymer synthesis to theory and modeling of polymer systems; from polymer properties and characterization to industrial processing. All types of polymers (e.g., crystalline, branched, blends, composites and biorelated) were discussed, and industrial and educational perspectives were explored. Volumes 174 and 175 of Macromolecular Symposia present almost all the Invited and Plenary Lectures from the Congress and represent an excellent overview of the current state of macromolecular science.

Development and Characterization of Functional Poly lactic Acid Composites for Packaging Applications

Development and Characterization of Functional Poly lactic Acid  Composites for Packaging Applications
Author: Isinay Ebru Yuzay
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Biopolymers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Development and Characterization of Functional Poly lactic Acid Composites for Packaging Applications Book Excerpt:

Degradable Polymers and Materials

Degradable Polymers and Materials
Author: Kishan Khemani,Kishan C. Khemani,American Chemical Society. Meeting,Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry Carmen Scholz,Carmen Scholz
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Degradable Polymers and Materials Book Excerpt:

This book is an excellent guide to biobased and biodegradable polymeric materials. It summarizes current knowledge on polymer degradation mechanisms and provides insight into recent, state of the art syntheses of (bio)degradable polymers. The book captures the shift that is currently observed in polymer industries, which takes the industry from a strict petroleum-based business to an industry that starts to incorporate biobased raw materials and seeks actively to manufacture materials that are environmentally benign. The book describes various aspects of current polymer research with special emphasis on natural polymers, syntheses and modifications of polyesters and characterization technologies that allow to elucidate degradation mechanisms. The understanding of polymer degradation is not limited anymore to hydrolytic processes, this book captures new approaches to the degradation of plastic materials ranging from photodegradation to the regulation of genes of polymer-degrading microorganisms. A profound part of the book is dedicated to poly(lactic acid) a polymer that is now produced in large scale from renewable resources, the modification, copolymerization, application and engineering of this material is discussed in detail and a comprehensive review is provided.

Material ConneXion

Material ConneXion
Author: George M. Beylerian,Andrew Dent
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Total Pages: 287
Release: 2005-11-11
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Material ConneXion Book Excerpt:

From the largest global resource of new materials comes this innovative new book that connects materials to designers' needs. In each of the seven main sections, this highly illustrated book identifies key trends, looks to the future, and helps design professionals select materials with the most potential for their specific projects. By defining a material based on its base composition rather than current use, Material ConneXion allows a designer to fully understand the potential and limitations for a material while conceiving of its new application. Organized to follow the model of the Material ConneXion library, the book's chapters are organized on seven base compositions including: Metals, Glass, Ceramics, Polymers, Natural and naturally derived materials,Carbon-based materials, Cement-based materials. The book includes quotes from 54 leading designers, architects, artists and thinkers worldwide, including Wolfgang Joop, Karim Rashid, Peter Marino, Greg Lynn, Gaetano Pesce, and Philippe Starck, that reflect upon the role of materials in contemporary design and identify their favorite materials. Additionally, the book includes an important reference section with a bibliography, glossary of technical terms, and lists of trade show and professional publication web sites.

Improvement of Active Packaging Materials Based on Poly lactic Acid Carrying Encapsulated Antimicrobial Volatiles

Improvement of Active Packaging Materials Based on Poly lactic Acid  Carrying Encapsulated Antimicrobial Volatiles
Author: MinJung Joo
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Active food packaging
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Improvement of Active Packaging Materials Based on Poly lactic Acid Carrying Encapsulated Antimicrobial Volatiles Book Excerpt:

BioCycle

BioCycle
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Compost
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

BioCycle Book Excerpt:

Journal of composting & recycling.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Plastics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology Book Excerpt:

This completely new Third Edition of the Mark Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology brings the state-of-the-art to the 21st century, with coverage of nanotechnology, new imaging and analytical techniques, new methods of controlled polymer architecture, biomimetics, and more. Whereas earlier editions published one volume at a time, the third edition is being published in 3 Parts of 4 volumes each. Each of these 4-volume Parts is an A-Z selection of the latest in polymer science and technology as published in the updated online edition of the Mark Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology (available at www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/epst). Order the 12 volume set (ISBN 0471275077) now for the best value and receive each of the 4 volume Parts as they publish. The complete list of titles to appear in Part 1 of this new third print edition can be viewed at www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/epst and clicking on "What's New". Check this website often as new articles are added periodically.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology v 5 Acoustic properties to cyclopentadiene and dicyclopentadiene

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology    v  5  Acoustic properties to cyclopentadiene and dicyclopentadiene
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Plastics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology v 5 Acoustic properties to cyclopentadiene and dicyclopentadiene Book Excerpt:

Innovations in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry

Innovations in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Author: Martin A. Abraham
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 469
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovations in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Book Excerpt:

This book reviews achievements in industrial chemistry and engineering, including both established and emerging areas of technology. Each of the 12 chapters provides coverage from basic science to technological principles.

Ultra Materials

Ultra Materials
Author: George M. Beylerian,Andrew Dent
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2007
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Design
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ultra Materials Book Excerpt:

A classified evaluation of the intelligent substances, surfaces, and interfaces being used in the modern world's clothing, constructions, and technologies features coverage of four hundred significant materials, in a visual guide complemented by a designer directory and lists of professional organizations.