Concerted Organic And Bio Organic Mechanisms

Author by : Andrew Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
Total Download : 997
File Size : 48,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The concept of concerted mechanisms was formulated nearly 90 years ago and virtually all general organic chemistry texts mention it. Until now, however, no monograph has addressed the concept explicitly. Over the last two decades, substantial advancements made in the development of precise methods for elucidating concerted mechanisms have heightened the need for a comprehensive text on the subject. Concerted Organic and Bio-organic Mechanisms gathers the salient materials related to this emerging field into a single text. It sets forth the precise definition of concertedness-along with working sub-definitions-and describes rigorous experimental tools chemists can use to diagnose the existence or absence of concerted mechanisms. Advances in our understanding of concerted mechanisms lead to further questions. Concerted Organic and Bio-organic Mechanisms provides the background and the tools researchers need to consider these important questions and further advance the frontiers of reactions, synthesis, and catalysis.


Organic And Bio Organic Mechanisms

Author by : Michael I. Page
Languange : en
Publisher by : Prentice Hall
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
Total Download : 198
File Size : 52,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : There have been significant advances in the application of instrumentation to elucidate chemical structures - from the smallest molecule to the largest biopolymer. Although knowledge of these static structures has made an invaluable contribution to chemistry and biology, it is the understanding of the dynamic interconversion of these structures which remains an intriguing challenge. This text provides a comprehensive and detailed discussion of the investigation of organic and bioorganic reaction mechanisms. It addresses questions such as: 'How are bonds between atoms rearranged?', 'What sort of structural changes take place to cause bond fission and formation?' and 'How do catalysts lower the activation energies of reactions?'.*Techniques for diagnosis of mechanism not previously compiled from research literature.*An important bridge between fundamental studies and mechanisms in solution.*Key references from classic papers to the latest research literature.


Concerted Organic And Bio Organic Mechanisms

Author by : Andrew Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 998
File Size : 43,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The concept of concerted mechanisms was formulated nearly 90 years ago and virtually all general organic chemistry texts mention it. Until now, however, no monograph has addressed the concept explicitly. Over the last two decades, substantial advancements made in the development of precise methods for elucidating concerted mechanisms have heightened the need for a comprehensive text on the subject. Concerted Organic and Bio-organic Mechanisms gathers the salient materials related to this emerging field into a single text. It sets forth the precise definition of concertedness-along with working sub-definitions-and describes rigorous experimental tools chemists can use to diagnose the existence or absence of concerted mechanisms. Advances in our understanding of concerted mechanisms lead to further questions. Concerted Organic and Bio-organic Mechanisms provides the background and the tools researchers need to consider these important questions and further advance the frontiers of reactions, synthesis, and catalysis.


Organic And Bio Organic Mechanisms

Author by : Page
Languange : en
Publisher by : Pearson Education India
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 807
File Size : 53,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Free Energy Relationships In Organic And Bio Organic Chemistry

Author by : Andrew Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : Royal Society of Chemistry
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 833
File Size : 43,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Introducing the application of free energy correlations to elucidating the mechanisms of organic and bio-organic reactions, this book provides a new and illuminating way of approaching a potentially complex topic. The idea of how free energy correlations derive from polar substituent change is introduced, and common pitfalls encountered in the application of free energy relationships are described, along with the use of these anomalies in mechanistic studies. The concept of effective charge is described in detail, with examples of its application. Throughout, worked answers are provided for the problems posed. Databases of parameters, an extensive bibliography and comprehensive lists of further reading are also included. The text provides an invaluable source of information to senior undergraduates, postgraduates and to industrial researchers with an interest in mechanistic studies. It is the first such book in more than thirty years.


The Investigation Of Organic Reactions And Their Mechanisms

Author by : Howard Maskill
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 14
Total Download : 571
File Size : 54,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A range of alternative mechanisms can usually be postulated for most organic chemical reactions, and identification of the most likely requires detailed investigation. Investigation of Organic Reactions and their Mechanisms will serve as a guide for the trained chemist who needs to characterise an organic chemical reaction and investigate its mechanism, but who is not an expert in physical organic chemistry. Such an investigation will lead to an understanding of which bonds are broken, which are made, and the order in which these processes happen. This information and knowledge of the associated kinetic and thermodynamic parameters are central to the development of safe, efficient, and profitable industrial chemical processes, and to extending the synthetic utility of new chemical reactions in chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing, and academic environments. Written as a coherent account of the principal methods currently used in mechanistic investigations, at a level accessible to academic researchers and graduate chemists in industry, the book is highly practical in approach. The contributing authors, an international group of expert practitioners of the techniques covered, illustrate their contributions by examples from their own research and from the relevant wider chemical literature. The book covers basic aspects such as product analysis, kinetics, catalysis, and investigation of reactive intermediates. It also includes material on significant recent developments, e.g. computational chemistry, calorimetry, and electrochemistry, in addition to topics of high current industrial relevance, e.g. reactions in multiphase systems, and synthetically useful reactions involving free radicals and catalysis by organometallic compounds.


Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2000

Author by : A. C. Knipe
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 868
File Size : 42,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Presents and surveys research described in literature between December 1999 and November 2000. As in previous volumes new mechanisms for the synthesis of all types of organic compounds will be included as well as such mechanisms as addition and elimination reactions, nucleophilic and electrophilic aromatic substitutions and molecular arrangements. This annual series on organic reaction mechanisms reasearch provides concise and comprehensive coverage of the years literature as well as discussions on important results. Each volume is extensively referenced to previous volumes and primary journals.


Reviews Of Reactive Intermediate Chemistry

Author by : Matthew S. Platz
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 257
File Size : 40,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The chemistry of reactive intermediates is central to a modern mechanistic and quantitative understanding of organic chemistry. Moreover, it underlies a significant portion of modern synthetic chemistry and is integral to a molecular view of biological chemistry. Reviews in Reactive Intermediate Chemistry presents an up-to-date, authoritative guide to this fundamental topic. Although it follows Reactive Intermediate Chemistry by the same authors, it serves as a free-standing resource for the entire chemical and biochemical community. The book includes: Relevant, practical applications Coverage of such topics as mass spectrometry methods, reactive intermediates in interstellar medium, quantum mechanical tunnelling, solvent effects, reactive intermediates in biochemical processes, and excited state surfaces Discussions of emerging areas, particularly those involving dynamics and theories Concluding sections identifying key directions for future research are provided at the end of each chapter


Reactive Intermediate Chemistry

Author by : Robert A. Moss
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 731
File Size : 55,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Reactive Intermediate Chemistry presents a detailed and timely examination of key intermediates central to the mechanisms of numerous organic chemical transformations. Spectroscopy, kinetics, and computational studies are integrated in chapters dealing with the chemistry of carbocations, carbanions, radicals, radical ions, carbenes, nitrenes, arynes, nitrenium ions, diradicals, etc. Nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond kinetic realms are explored, and applications of current dynamics and electronic structure calculations are examined. Reactive Intermediate Chemistry provides a deeper understanding of contemporary physical organic chemistry, and will assist chemists in the design of new reactions for the efficient synthesis of pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals, and agricultural products. Among its features, this authoritative volume is: Edited and authored by world-renowned leaders in physical organic chemistry. Ideal for use as a primary or supplemental graduate textbook for courses in mechanistic organic chemistry or physical chemistry. Enhanced by supplemental reading lists and summary overviews in each chapter.


Carbocation Chemistry

Author by : Jie Jack Li
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 536
File Size : 45,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Carbocation chemistry is not only fundamental to the advancement of organic chemistry, it also has found widespread applications in organic synthesis. It is not an exaggeration to say that carbocation chemistry is part of the foundation of organic chemistry. Carbocation Chemistry: Applications in Organic Synthesis provides a panoramic view of carbocation chemistry with an emphasis on synthetic applications. This book is an invaluable tool for organic, medicinal and analytical chemists, including those working in biochemistry as well as the petroleum, plastics and pharmaceutical industries. It is also suitable for upper level undergraduates and graduates in organic chemistry, biochemistry and medicinal chemistry.


Modern Electrosynthetic Methods In Organic Chemistry

Author by : Frank Marken
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
Total Download : 306
File Size : 45,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Modern Electrosynthetic Methods in Organic Chemistry introduces readers to new ways of making materials and compounds using low waste processes, employing energy from electricity rather than chemical reagents. It explores electro-organic synthesis, which offers clean synthesis tools as well as unusual reaction intermediates and reaction types. Despite applications previously remaining niche, due to the advent of microfluidic reactors this book is a must-read for industry professionals and academics alike. It targets specific areas of recent progress and development in the field that show high novelty and potential, at the same time inviting a wider range of applications in green and clean technology. Key Features: Offers clean synthesis tools Targets areas of recent progress and development Addresses the most recent advances in the field


Advances In Physical Organic Chemistry

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 910
File Size : 47,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry series of volumes is the definitive resource for authoritative reviews of work in physical organic chemistry. It aims to provide a valuable source of information not only for physical organic chemists applying their expertise to both novel and traditional problems but also for non-specialists across diverse areas who identify a physical organic component in their approach to research. Its hallmark is quantitative, molecular level understanding of phenomena across a diverse range of disciplines. Reviews the application of quantitative and mathematical methods to help readers understand chemical problems Provides the chemical community with authoritative and critical assessments of the many aspects of physical organic chemistry Covers organic, organometallic, bioorganic, enzymes, and materials topics The only regularly published resource for reviews in physical organic chemistry Chapters are written by authoritative experts Wide coverage of topics requiring a quantitative, molecular-level understanding of phenomena across a diverse range of disciplines


Advances In Physical Organic Chemistry

Author by : John P. Richard
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 146
File Size : 47,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry provides the chemical community with authoritative and critical assessments of the many aspects of physical organic chemistry. The field is a rapidly developing one, with results and methodologies finding application from biology to solid state physics. * Reviews the application of quantitative and mathematical methods towards understanding chemical problems * Multidisciplinary volumes cover organic, organometallic, bioorganic, enzymes and materials topics


Encyclopedia Of Physical Organic Chemistry 6 Volume Set

Author by : Zerong Wang
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 160
File Size : 50,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Winner of 2018 PROSE Award for MULTIVOLUME REFERENCE/SCIENCE This encyclopedia offers a comprehensive and easy reference to physical organic chemistry (POC) methodology and techniques. It puts POC, a classical and fundamental discipline of chemistry, into the context of modern and dynamic fields like biochemical processes, materials science, and molecular electronics. Covers basic terms and theories into organic reactions and mechanisms, molecular designs and syntheses, tools and experimental techniques, and applications and future directions Includes coverage of green chemistry and polymerization reactions Reviews different strategies for molecular design and synthesis of functional molecules Discusses computational methods, software packages, and more than 34 kinds of spectroscopies and techniques for studying structures and mechanisms Explores applications in areas from biology to materials science The Encyclopedia of Physical Organic Chemistry has won the 2018 PROSE Award for MULTIVOLUME REFERENCE/SCIENCE. The PROSE Awards recognize the best books, journals and digital content produced by professional and scholarly publishers. Submissions are reviewed by a panel of 18 judges that includes editors, academics, publishers and research librarians who evaluate each work for its contribution to professional and scholarly publishing. You can find out more at: proseawards.com Also available as an online edition for your library, for more details visit Wiley Online Library


Advances In Microwave Chemistry

Author by : Bimal K Banik
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 979
File Size : 53,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Advances in Microwave Chemistry discusses the novel bond formation methodologies, synergistic effects of microwaves with other entities, sample preparation including digestion, combustion, and extraction techniques, as well as selectivity in chemical processes. Recent updates are provided on microwave-assisted syntheses of pharmacologically significant aza-, oxo- and other heterocycles, including lactams, nucleosides, bile acids and sterols, the preparation of nanomaterials, composites, and absorber layer materials for thin film. This book also incorporates comparative discussions involving microwave irradiation with conventional methods in different aspects of organic, inorganic, medicinal, and green chemistry. Key Features: Provides a comparative discussion on microwave irradiation with conventional methods in different aspects of organic, inorganic, medicinal, and green chemistry Presents recent applications of microwave radiation in biocatalysis Offers a complete package correlating various aspects of microwaves in organic syntheses, the biological impact of products formed in reactions, pharmacological features, and environmental sustainability of the procedures Explains microwave-induced reactions on structurally complex bile acids and sterols Stands as a valuable and unique addition to the well-established book series, New Directions in Organic and Biological Chemistry


Chiral Ligands

Author by : Montserrat Diéguez
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 270
File Size : 53,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Many new drugs on the market are chiral compounds, that is, they can exist in two non-superimposable mirror-image forms. Asymmetric catalysis encompasses a large variety of processes for obtaining such compounds. The performance of the catalyst in those processes largely depends on the ligand that makes up the catalyst. This book describes the most relevant ligand libraries for some key processes, including an overview of the state of art and the key mechanistic aspects that favor a high catalytic performance. Key Features: The book presents historical content from the time of discovery for each family of ligands. Provides a description of the synthetic route and the ligand library's application in various catalytic asymmetric reactions Suitable as supplementary reading for courses targeting the design, synthesis and application of chiral catalysts, asymmetric catalysis and sustainable production Edited by a distinguished scientist in the field, the book has a diverse audience including research groups in homogeneous catalysis, particularly asymmetric transformations


Biocontrol Of Plant Diseases By Bacillus Subtilis

Author by : Makoto Shoda
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 222
File Size : 43,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Plant diseases are a serious threat to food production. This unique volume provides the fundamental knowledge and practical use of B.subtilis as a promising biocontrol agent. In order to replace chemical pesticides, one possibility is microbial pesticides using safe microbes. Bacillus subtilis is one of several candidates. Screening of the bacterium, the application of plant tests, clarification of its suppressive mechanism to plant pathogens and engineering aspects of suppressive peptides production are presented here. The author illustrates how B. subtilis is far more advantageous than, for example, Pseudomonas in biocontrol and can be considered as an useful candidate. Features: Bacterium B. subtilis suppresses many plant pathogens and is a biocontrol agent to replace chemical pesticides The book presents the bacterium's suppressive mechanism to plant pathogens, and engineering aspects of suppressive peptides production Biological control of plant disease plays an important role in sustainable agricultural production practices and is expected to replace agricultural chemicals


Modern Nmr Techniques For Synthetic Chemistry

Author by : Julie Fisher
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 716
File Size : 44,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A blend of theory and practical advice, Modern NMR Techniques for Synthetic Chemistry illustrates how NMR spectroscopy can be used to determine the abundance, size, shape, and function of organic molecules. It provides you with a description the NMR technique used (more pictorial than mathematical), indicating the most common pulse sequences, some practical information as appropriate, followed by illustrative examples. This format is followed for each chapter so you can skip the more theoretical details if the practical aspects are what interest you. Following a discussion of basic parameters, the book describes the utility of NMR in detecting and quantifying dynamic processes, with particular emphasis on the usefulness of saturation-transfer (STD) techniques. It details pulsed–field gradient approaches to diffusion measurement, diffusion models, and approaches to ‘inorganic’ nuclei detection, important as many synthetic pathways to new organics involve heavier elements. The text concludes with coverage of applications of NMR to the analysis of complex mixtures, natural products, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids—all areas of activity for researchers working at the chemistry-life sciences interface. The book’s unique format provides some theoretical insight into the NMR technique used, indicating the most common pulse sequences. The book draws upon several NMR methods that are resurging or currently hot in the field and indicates the specific pulse sequence used by various spectrometer manufacturers for each technique. It examines the analysis of complex mixtures, a feature not found in most books on this topic.


Modern Physical Organic Chemistry

Author by : Eric V. Anslyn
Languange : en
Publisher by : University Science Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 840
File Size : 49,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Making explicit the connections between physical organic chemistry and critical fields such as organometallic chemistry, materials chemistry, bioorganic chemistry and biochemistry, this book escorts the reader into an area that has been thoroughly updated in recent times.


Progress In Inorganic Chemistry

Author by : Kenneth D. Karlin
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 236
File Size : 50,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This series provides inorganic chemists and materials scientists with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. Volume 57 continues to report recent advances with a significant, up-to-date selection of contributions from internationally-recognized researchers. The chapters of this volume are devoted to the following topics: Mechanisms of Water Oxidation Catalyzed by Ruthenium Coordination Complexes; Biomimetic and non-biological dinuclear Mx+-complex catalyzed alcoholysis reactions of phosphoryl transfer reactions; Photoactivated DNA Cleavage and Anticancer Activity of 3d-Metal Complexes; and more.


Organic Reaction Mechansisms 2017

Author by : A. C. Knipe
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 720
File Size : 41,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2017, the 53rd annual volume in this highly successful and unique series, surveys research on organic reaction mechanisms described in the available literature dated 2017. The following classes of organic reaction mechanisms are comprehensively reviewed: • Reaction of Aldehydes and Ketones and their Derivatives • Reactions of Carboxylic, Phosphoric, and Sulfonic Acids and their Derivatives • Oxidation and Reduction • Carbenes and Nitrenes • Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution • Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution • Carbocations • Nucleophilic Aliphatic Substitution • Carbanions and Electrophilic Aliphatic Substitution • Elimination Reactions • Polar Addition Reactions • Cycloaddition Reactions • Molecular Rearrangements An experienced team of authors compile these reviews every year, so that the reader can rely on a continuing quality of selection and presentation.


Advances In Physical Organic Chemistry

Author by : John P. Richard
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 986
File Size : 47,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry provides the chemical community with authoritative and critical assessments of the many aspects of physical organic chemistry. The field is a rapidly developing one, with results and methodologies finding applications from biology to solid state physics. This text is ideal for those interested in the relationship between the structure and function of organic compounds, including physical and theoretical chemists as well as organic and bioorganic chemists.


Biochemistry

Author by : David E. Metzler
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 918
File Size : 42,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The most comprehensive textbook/reference ever to cover the chemical basis of life, the "Green Bible of Biochemistry" has been a well-respected contribution to the field for more than twenty years. The complex structures that make up cells are described in detail, along with the forces that hold them together, and the chemical reactions that allow for recognition, signaling and movement. There is ample information on the human body, its genome, and the action of muscles, eyes, and the brain. The complete set deals with the natural world, treating the metabolism of bacteria, toxins, antibiotics, specialized compounds made by plants, photosynthesis, luminescence of fireflies, among many other topics. * The most comprehensive biochemistry text reference available on the market * Organized into two volumes, comprising 32 chapters and containing the latest research in the field * Biological content is emphasized: for example, macromolecular structures and enzyme action are discussed


Organic Reaction Mechanisms 1989

Author by : A. C. Knipe
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 851
File Size : 44,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The only book series to summarize the latest progress on organic reaction mechanisms, Organic Reaction Mechanisms, 1989 surveys the development in understanding of the main classes of organic reaction mechanisms reported in the primary scientific literature in 1989. The 25th annual volume in this highly successful series highlights mechanisms of stereo-specific reactions. Reviews are compiled by a team of experienced editors and authors, allowing advanced undergraduates, graduate students, postdocs, and chemists to rely on the volume's continuing quality of selection and presentation.


Organic Reaction Mechanisms 1977

Author by : A. C. Knipe
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 647
File Size : 55,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The only book series to summarize the latest progress on organic reaction mechanisms, Organic Reaction Mechanisms, 1977 surveys the development in understanding of the main classes of organic reaction mechanisms reported in the primary scientific literature in 1977. The 13th annual volume in this highly successful series highlights mechanisms of stereo-specific reactions. Reviews are compiled by a team of experienced editors and authors, allowing advanced undergraduates, graduate students, postdocs, and chemists to rely on the volume's continuing quality of selection and presentation.


Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2013

Author by : A. C. Knipe
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 575
File Size : 41,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2013, the 49th annual volume in this highly successful and unique series, surveys research on organic reaction mechanisms described in the available literature dated 2013. The following classes of organic reaction mechanisms are comprehensively reviewed: Reaction of Aldehydes and Ketones and their Derivatives Reactions of Carboxylic, Phosphoric, and Sulfonic Acids and their Derivatives Oxidation and Reduction Carbenes and Nitrenes Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Carbocations Nucleophilic Aliphatic Substitution Carbanions and Electrophilic Aliphatic Substitution Elimination Reactions Polar Addition Reactions Cycloaddition Reactions Molecular Rearrangements An experienced team of authors compile these reviews every year, so that the reader can rely on a continuing quality of selection and presentation.