Description : Edited by one of the most renowned scholars in the field, Richard Betts' Conflict After the Cold War assembles classic and contemporary readings that argue about the shape of international conflict in this post-Cold War and post-9/11 era. Contextualized within a broader philosophical and historical context, the carefully chosen and excerpted selections in this popular reader introduce students to the core debates about the causes and the future of war and peace. Through the precision of its approach and attention to new issues, this reader challenges conventional wisdom and encourages more critical examination of the political, economic, social, and military factors that underlie political violence.
Description : 7.2 The Offensive/Defensive Balance of Military Technology -- 7.3 Why Nuclear Proliferation May Be Good -- 7.4 Drones: Technology Serves Strategy -- 7.5 Drones: Tactics Undermine Strategy -- PART VIII Terrorism, Revolution, and Unconventional Warfare -- 8.1 The Strategic Logic of Terrorism -- 8.2 Speech to the American People -- 8.3 Science of Guerrilla Warfare -- 8.4 On Guerrilla Warfare -- 8.5 Patterns of Violence in World Politics -- 8.6 Insurgency and Counterinsurgency -- 8.7 Principles, Imperatives, and Paradoxes of Counterinsurgency -- 8.8 A Strategy of Tactics: The Folly of Counterinsurgency -- PART IX Threat Assessment and Misjudgment: Recurrent Dilemmas -- 9.1 The German Threat? 1907 -- 9.2 The German Threat? 1938 -- 9.3 The Threat to Ukraine From the West -- 9.4 The Threat From Russia -- 9.5 How Could Vietnam Happen? An Autopsy -- 9.6 Afghanistan's Legacy : Emerging Lessons -- 9.7 China: Can the Next Superpower Rise Without War? -- PART X New Threats and Strategies for Peace -- 10.1 Environmental Changes as Causes of Acute Conflict -- 10.2 Why Cyberdeterrence Is Different -- 10.3 A World of Liberty Under Law -- 10.4 Peace Among Civilizations?
Description : Edited by one of the most renowned scholars in the field, Richard Betts' Conflict After the Cold War assembles classic and contemporary readings on enduring problems of international security. Offering broad historical and philosophical breadth, the carefully chosen and excerpted selections in this popular reader help students engage key debates over the future of war and the new forms that violent conflict will take. Conflict After the Cold War encourages closer scrutiny of the political, economic, social, and military factors that drive war and peace.
Description : The end of the Cold War has changed the shape of organized violence in the world and the ways in which governments and others try to set its limits. Even the concept of international conflict is broadening to include ethnic conflicts and other kinds of violence within national borders that may affect international peace and security. What is not yet clear is whether or how these changes alter the way actors on the world scene should deal with conflict: Do the old methods still work? Are there new tools that could work better? How do old and new methods relate to each other? International Conflict Resolution After the Cold War critically examines evidence on the effectiveness of a dozen approaches to managing or resolving conflict in the world to develop insights for conflict resolution practitioners. It considers recent applications of familiar conflict management strategies, such as the use of threats of force, economic sanctions, and negotiation. It presents the first systematic assessments of the usefulness of some less familiar approaches to conflict resolution, including truth commissions, "engineered" electoral systems, autonomy arrangements, and regional organizations. It also opens up analysis of emerging issues, such as the dilemmas facing humanitarian organizations in complex emergencies. This book offers numerous practical insights and raises key questions for research on conflict resolution in a transforming world system.
Description : The author of this report looks at the ways in which the end of the cold war affects the pattern of violent conflict in the international system. Based on this examination, he suggests that the focus of national security attention in the new international order is likely to shift to the Third World. Instability and war have always been a prominent feature of that part of the world, but he argues the end of the cold war will help change both the nature of that pattern and how the United States may respond to Third World conflicts. He concludes with some suggestions about how the Army might be affected by this change and how it can maximize its utility in the new environment.
Description : As the United Nations passes its fiftieth anniversary, it has undergone a sea change in its approach toward peacekeeping. Originally a stopgap measure to preserve a cease-fire, peacekeeping has, since the waning of the Cold War, become a means to implement an agreed political solution to conflict between antagonists. Placed inside war-torn states, UN peacekeepers have encountered manifold new challenges through oversight of elections, protection of human rights, and reconstructing of governmental administration. In this study, Steven R. Ratner offers a comprehensive framework for scholars, policy-makers, and all those seeking to understand this new peacekeeping. He sees the UN as an administrator, mediator, and guarantor of political settlements - roles that can conflict when peace accords unravel, as is all too common. He describes the numerous actors, inside and outside the UN, who are engaged in this process, often with competing interests. And in historical review, beginning with the League of Nations, he reveals many striking precedents long before the 1990s. In the central case-study, Ratner applies his thesis to the most ambitious UN operation completed, the Cambodia mission of 1991-93. After reconstructing the process leading to the massive UN role, he reviews and appraises its performance, offering a sophisticated critique demonstrating the dangers of quick 'success' or 'failure' verdicts. With the experiences of those operations in mind, he concludes with a set of compelling recommendations for the UN's members.
Description : The 1980s was a period of almost unprecedented rivalry and tension between the two main actors in the East-West conflict, the United States and the Soviet Union. Why and how that conflict first escalated and thereafter, in an amazingly swift process, was reversed and brought to its peaceful conclusion at the end of the decade is the topic of this volume. With individual contributions by eighteen well-known scholars of international relations and history from various countries, the book addresses the role of the United States, the former Soviet Union, and the countries of western and eastern Europe in that remarkable last decade of the Cold War, and discusses how particular events as well as underlying political, ideological, social, and economic factors may have contributed to the remarkable transformation that took place.
Description : Did the West "win" the Cold War? Was it a genuine or a contrived conflict? When did it begin? How was its cause related to its end? Has it ended, or has it merely changed? In this volume, contributors assess the combination of socio-political forces and events they attribute to the ending of the Cold War. In diverse theories they challenge the self-serving orthodoxy that claims Western military prowess, economic strength, and ideological superiority produced "the triumph."
Description : Presents alphabeticaly arranged reference entries on the Cold War between the United States and Russia during the late twentieth century, covering its military, social, and political aspects and its impact on other countries in the world.