Contemporary Trends In Local Governance

Author by : Carlos Nunes Silva
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 252
File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : This book addresses and explores recent trends in the field of local and urban governance. It focuses on three domains: institutional reforms in local government; inter-municipal cooperation; and citizen participation in local governance. In the last decades, in different regions of the world, there is ample evidence that sub-national government, in particular the field of local governance, is in a permanent state of change and reflux, although with differences that reflect national particularities. Since these institutional changes have an impact in the local policy process, in the delivery of public services, in the local democracy, and in the quality of life, it is mandatory to monitor these continued institutional changes, to learn and develop with these changes, if possible before these experiences are transferred and replicated in other countries. The editor and contributors address issues of interest for a wide audience, comprising of students and researchers in various disciplines, and policy makers at both national and sub-national tiers of government.


The Palgrave Handbook Of Local Governance In Contemporary China

Author by : Jianxing Yu
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 127
File Size : 42,8 Mb
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Description : This Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of local governance in China, and offers original analysis of key factors underpinning trends in this field drawing on the expertise of scholars both inside and outside China. It explores and analyzes the dynamic interaction and collaboration among multiple governmental and non-governmental actors and social sectors with an interest in the conduct of public affairs to address horizontal challenges faced by the local government, society, economy, and civil community and considers key issues such as governance in urban and rural areas, the impact of technology on governance and related issues of education, healthcare, environment and energy. As the result of a global and interdisciplinary collaboration of leading experts, this Handbook offers a cutting-edge insight into the characteristics, challenges and trends of local governance and emphasizes the promotion of good governance and democratic development in China.


International And National Trends In Local Governance Of Education

Author by : Noel F. McGinn
Languange : en
Publisher by : UNESCO
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
Total Download : 389
File Size : 54,7 Mb
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Description : Key issues and priority areas in educational governance for policy-makers, practitioners, researchers, educators, community members and learners themselves. The UNESCO. Programme on Educational Governance at Local Levels aims to enable communities to participate in the planning, management and delivery of quality education, formal and nonformal, for all children and adults. This publication identifies major changes occuring in the way education is governed and current trends toward increased autonomy for local schools.


Comparing Local Governance

Author by : Bas Denters
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave Macmillan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
Total Download : 802
File Size : 53,5 Mb
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Description : This book provides a broad-ranging assessment of continuities and change in the condition of local governance in the western industrialized world; leading experts from a wide range of countries demonstrate the whole spectrum of types and models of local government systems and networks. A central focus is on the impact of public management reforms, new forms of community governance and changes in central-local relations.


Local Government In Europe

Author by : Lackowska, Marta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Policy Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 528
File Size : 49,7 Mb
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Description : Drawing on classical and emerging research perspectives, this comprehensive book provides an up-to-date review of local government in Europe. Featuring an impressive range of contributors from both eastern and western Europe, the book addresses three main topics: territorial reforms, democratic empowerment of citizens and the role of local leadership, as well as new trends in local finances. Acknowledging their inherent diversity, the book examines the ways that local governments have responded to shared challenges, such as climate change, increasing populism and democratic deficit in order to identify both the variety and communalities between the country-specific features. In doing so, it provides a rich picture of the latest trends in local government, as well as pointing the way for future developments.


Local Governance In India

Author by : Bidyut Chakrabarty
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications Pvt. Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
Total Download : 292
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Description : Local Governance in India draws on the basic theoretical and practical aspects of localizing governance and illuminates how local governance unfolds in India. To help comprehend relevant issues contextually, the book focuses on the historical, socio-economic and political milieus, and draws extensively on examples and cases from India. By understanding local governance in the wider political scenario, it also endeavours to reconceptualize local governance in India as integral to the country’s macro politics. The book offers a broad analysis of specific programmes, such as MGNREGA, and structures of governance at the grass-roots level, thereby providing insights into relatively less-discussed aspects and helps grasp the concept of governance in a policy perspective. Containing varied examples, case studies and literature review, this textbook would be an ideal companion for students of political science, public administration, urban and rural development, sociology, social work and economics. Key Features: · Provides a concise and well-balanced coverage of rural and urban governance in India · Incorporates insights into and explanations of both Western and non-Western perspectives of local governance · Dwells on contemporary trends in democratization and local governance · Makes a projective study of future of local governance in India


The Future Of Local Self Government

Author by : Tomas Bergström
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 488
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Description : This book presents new research results on the challenges of local politics in different European countries, including Germany, the Netherlands, the Nordic countries and Switzerland, together with theoretical considerations on the further development and strengthening of local self-government. It focuses on analyses of the most recent developments in local democracy and administration.


Routledge Handbook Of Contemporary Thailand

Author by : Pavin Chachavalpongpun
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
Total Download : 848
File Size : 51,9 Mb
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Description : The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Thailand is a timely survey and assessment of the state of contemporary Thailand. While Thailand has changed much in the past decades, this handbook proposes that many of its problems have remained intact or even persistent, particularly problems related to domestic politics. It underlines emerging issues at this critical juncture in the kingdom and focuses on the history, politics, economy, society, culture, religion and international relations of the country. A multidisciplinary approach, with chapters written by experts on Thailand, this handbook is divided into the following sections. History Political and economic landscape Social development International relations Designed for academics, students, libraries, policymakers and general readers in the field of Asian studies, political science, economics and sociology, this invaluable reference work provides an up-to-date account of Thailand and initiates new discussion for future research activities.


Financing Local Government

Author by : Nick Devas
Languange : en
Publisher by : Commonwealth Secretariat
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 776
File Size : 50,5 Mb
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Description : Explores how fiscal decentralisation takes place alongside administrative decentralisation. This book considers the revenue sources available, systems of intergovernmental transfers between central and local government, and the procedures necessary to ensure that local governments use their financial resources appropriately.


Consolidating Developmental Local Government

Author by : Mirjam Van Donk
Languange : en
Publisher by : Juta and Company Ltd
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 763
File Size : 49,7 Mb
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Description : Compiled and written by people who participated in one way or another in the experience of democratic consolidation, this account documents the dynamics of local government transformation and captures the key themes of the debates about policy options, lessons, and key strategic decisions. Aiming to ensure that municipalities play a key role in creating more democratic, non-racial, equitable, and sustainable communities, towns and cities, this volume raises critical questions about the kinds of challenges that all those involved with the future of local governance will face in the years ahead. This text will be an indispensable resource for government officials, students, researchers, and community leaders alike.


New Century Local Government

Author by : Graham Sansom
Languange : en
Publisher by : Commonwealth Secretariat
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 819
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description : Democratic decentralisation through ‘conventional’ institutions of local government is facing increasing challenges, whether from financial pressures, questions of representativeness, difficult central-local relations and from a perhaps growing belief that local government has failed to realise its potential and there may be better ways of achieving societal goals. It is clear there is need to contemplate quite radical change to ensure local government becomes or remains ‘fit for purpose’. This collection of papers illustrates the way in which the role of local government is evolving in different parts of the Commonwealth and provides practical examples of new local government at work. It showcases emerging practice, and highlights success stories from new ways of working and challenges confronting local government in both developed and developing countries. New Century Local Government makes a very valuable contribution to helping understand the changing role of local government, and will ensure that practitioners are up-to-date with the most innovative initiatives in local government planning and administration.


Local Governance Innovation In China

Author by : Jessica C. Teets
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 780
File Size : 44,8 Mb
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Description : Despite a centralized formal structure, Chinese politics and policy-making have long been marked by substantial degrees of regional and local variation and experimentation. These trends have, if anything, intensified as China’s reform matures. Though often remarked upon, the politicsof policy formation, diffusion, and implementation at the subnational level have not previously been comprehensively described, let alone satisfactorily explained. Based on extensive fieldwork, this book explores how policies diffuse across China today, the mechanisms through which local governments actually arrive at specific solutions, and the implications for China’s political development and stability in the years ahead. The chapters examine how local-level institutions solve governance challenges, such as rural development, enterprise reform, and social service provision. Focusing on diverse policy areas that include land use, state-owned enterprise reform, and house churches, the contributors all address the same overarching question: how do local policymakers innovate in each issue area to address a governance challenges and how, if at all, do these innovations diffuse into national politics. As a study of local governance in China today, this book will appeal to both students and scholars of Chinese politics, comparative politics, governance and development studies, and also to policy-makers interested in authoritarianism and governance.


Fiscal Austerity And Innovation In Local Governance In Europe

Author by : Carlos Nunes Silva
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 781
File Size : 46,6 Mb
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Description : Following the financial crisis and subsequent impacts of economic slowdown and austerity, the emergence of new local governance models and innovation is a very timely issue. The same goes for identifying new types of funding schemes and fiscal models prompted by austerity with the reduction in financial resources for local governments. This book offers a broad perspective on some of the organizational and financial problems faced by cities and local governments across Europe and analyses the reactions and reforms implemented to address current economic and public finance conditions. The geographical coverage of the case studies, multidisciplinary background of the contributing authors and focus on a multiplicity of issues and challenges that confront local governments, not just financial issues as is often the case, means this book is relevant to a wide readership. The book is written for post-graduate students, advanced undergraduates, and researchers in the multidisciplinary field of local government studies (Public Administration, Geography, Political Science, Law, Economy and Sociology), as well as practitioners working in local government institutions.


Danish Local Government

Author by : Carl-Johan Skovsgaard
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 331
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description :


The Oxford Handbook Of State And Local Government

Author by : Donald P. Haider-Markel
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 352
File Size : 44,9 Mb
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Description : The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government is an historic undertaking. It contains a wide range of essays that define the important questions in the field, evaluate where we are in answering them, and set the direction and terms of discourse for future work. The Handbook will have a substantial influence in defining the field for years to come. The chapters critically assess both the key works of state and local politics literature and the ways in which the sub-field has developed. It covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behavior, and policy in the American context. Each chapter outlines an agenda for future research.


Theoretical Foundations And Discussions On The Reformation Process In Local Governments

Author by : Sadioglu, Ugur
Languange : en
Publisher by : IGI Global
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 551
File Size : 41,8 Mb
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Description : Local government can be defined as a public entity acting as the sub-unit of a state or of a region, charged with the task of enforcing public policies. There have been many reforms of local government in recent years from the grassroots-led movement that took root in the 90’s to the overarching effects of globalization and decentralization. Local governments must adapt their practices in order to most effectively provide for their constituents. Theoretical Foundations and Discussions on the Reformation Process in Local Government addresses the effects of recent reforms in the political-administrative system of local governments and politics as well as future outlooks. It reviews the challenges, innovations, and lessons from local governments while providing theoretical perspectives on methods for positive reform. This book is a critical reference source for policy makers, government organizations, professionals, and actors in both local and international politics.


Community And Local Governance In Australia

Author by : Paul Smyth
Languange : en
Publisher by : UNSW Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 384
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description : This book examines the resurgence in Australia of locality-based social policy (concerned with the spatial dimensions of disadvantage), after the political failures of the market oriented approach to regional reform. The book proposes that these trends are leading to a new 'post-competition' policy regime in Australia that mirrors global policy trends.


Citizen Responsive Urban E Planning Recent Developments And Critical Perspectives

Author by : Silva, Carlos Nunes
Languange : en
Publisher by : IGI Global
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 660
File Size : 43,5 Mb
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Description : Among the many ways the world has changed in recent decades, using technology for city planning has become one of the most innovative. Using new, pioneering methods that are reshaping the world into a more efficient and effective society has become the new reality. Citizen-Responsive Urban E-Planning: Recent Developments and Critical Perspectives is a collection of innovative research that presents and discusses various perspectives on facets of citizen engagement in open urban policy processes, all of them based on the widespread use of information and communication technologies in the field of urban/spatial planning. The book offers an updated outline of recent advances in this field as well as a critical perspective of the challenges with which citizen e-participation in urban e-planning is confronted. While highlighting topics including smart ecosystems, urban development, and global intelligence, this book is ideally designed for urban planners, IT consultants, government officials, policymakers, academicians, researchers, students, and industry professionals.


Regional Diversity And Local Development In The New Member States

Author by : P. Blokker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
Total Download : 288
File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : This book analyzes regional and local models of development, in the context of existing socio-economic disparities and the impact of EU enlargement and European policy, offering a comparative and in-depth analysis of the distinct nature of regional differences within Central and Eastern Europe.


Public Sector Reform In Developing And Transitional Countries

Author by : Christopher J. Rees
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 644
File Size : 51,6 Mb
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Description : Over recent decades, decentralization has emerged as a key Public Sector Reform strategy in a wide variety of international contexts. Yet, despite its emergence as a ubiquitous activity that cuts across disciplinary lines in international development, decentralization is understood and applied in many different ways by parties acting from contrary perspectives. This book offers a fascinating insight into theory and practice surrounding decentralization activities in the Public Sectors of developing and transitional countries. In drawing on the expertise of established scholars, the book explores the contexts, achievements, progress and challenges of decentralization and local governance. Notably, the contributions contained in this book are genuinely international in nature; the chapters explore aspects of decentralization and local governance in contexts as diverse as Ghana, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Tanzania, Uganda, and Viet Nam. In summary, by examining the subject of decentralization with reference to specific developing and transitional Public Sector contexts in which it has been practiced, this book offers an excellent contribution towards a better understanding of the theory and practice of decentralization and local governance in international settings. This book was published as a special double issue of the International Journal of Public Administration.


City Diplomacy

Author by : Sohaela Amiri
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 120
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : This edited volume provides an inclusive explanation of what, why, and how cities interact with global counterparts as well as with nation states, non-governmental organizations, and foreign publics. The chapters present theoretical and analytical approaches to the study of city diplomacy as well as case studies to capture the nuances of the practice. By bringing together a diverse group of authors in terms of their geographic location, academic and practitioner backgrounds, the volume speaks to multiple disciplines, including diplomacy, political science, communication, sociology, marketing and tourism.


Edi And Data Networking In The Public Sector

Author by : Kim Viborg Andersen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 61
Total Download : 944
File Size : 41,5 Mb
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Description : When researching, teaching or working with information systems in the public sector, one is left with few or often no textbooks that provide useful case studies or surveys on the implementation and effects of integrating information technologies in the organizations' operations. This is surprising since in most first world countries the public sector consumes a substantial part of the gross national product. Even more astonishing is the vast amount of financial and organizational resources that are spent developing and implementing various information systems. We decided to write this book to provide information for those studying information systems at business schools, information and computer departments at collegesl universities, and for those working hands-on with EDI and data networking in public administration. Thus, our primary target groups for this book are professionals, training (MA-courses), computer science, MBA, MP A, and political science. EDI has been seen as a means to wire the various policy areas in the public sector. Those included are not limited strictly to the public organizations, but extend to their trade partners. Also, government has sought ways to stimulate the usage of ED I in the private sector beyond those transactions involving direct communication with the public sector. In this book, we have contributors from eight countries and a total of 14 chapters reporting on issues of importance when developing and implementing EDI, when government wants to stimulate the diffusion of EDI in society, and when organizations want to address the impact of their investments in ED!.


Financing State And Local Government In Brazil

Author by : Dennis J. Mahar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 147
File Size : 52,9 Mb
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Description : Brazil's system of intergovernmental fiscal relations has, with some minor exceptions, remained unchanged for almost two decades. Economic, social and political conditions in the country, however, have undergone profound transformations during the same period. This paper investigates whether the mechanisms, established during the 1960s, for financing state and local governments are still adequate in the environment of the 1980s. The main conclusion is that they are not, and that certain fiscal adjustments are called for in order to bring resource availability at the subnational level more into line with functional responsibilities. Given the extreme intra- and interregional economic disparities prevailing in Brazil, special attention is given to the fiscal problems of governments in poorer regions. The methodology used in this report focuses attention on the extent to which the intergovernmental fiscal system has achieved and maintained vertical balance, the balance between resource availability and functional responsibilities at each of the various levels of government, and horizontal balance, the balance between resources and responsibilities at given levels of government in different parts of the country.