Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems
Author: Scholargy Publishing, Incorporated
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002-01
ISBN: 9781586669805
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems Book Excerpt:

Issues in Biological Biochemical and Evolutionary Sciences Research 2011 Edition

Issues in Biological  Biochemical  and Evolutionary Sciences Research  2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 2846
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN: 1464963703
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Biological Biochemical and Evolutionary Sciences Research 2011 Edition Book Excerpt:

Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Foundations of Intelligent Systems

Foundations of Intelligent Systems
Author: Yinglin Wang,Tianrui Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 754
Release: 2011-11-25
ISBN: 3642256643
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundations of Intelligent Systems Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent System and Knowledge Engineering presents selected papers from the conference ISKE 2011, held December 15-17 in Shanghai, China. This proceedings doesn’t only examine original research and approaches in the broad areas of intelligent systems and knowledge engineering, but also present new methodologies and practices in intelligent computing paradigms. The book introduces the current scientific and technical advances in the fields of artificial intelligence, machine learning, pattern recognition, data mining, information retrieval, knowledge-based systems, knowledge representation and reasoning, multi-agent systems, natural-language processing, etc. Furthermore, new computing methodologies are presented, including cloud computing, service computing and pervasive computing with traditional intelligent methods. The proceedings will be beneficial for both researchers and practitioners who want to utilize intelligent methods in their specific research fields. Dr. Yinglin Wang is a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China; Dr. Tianrui Li is a professor at the School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, China.

Knowledge Management Organizational Intelligence And Learning And Complexity Volume III

Knowledge Management  Organizational Intelligence And Learning  And Complexity   Volume III
Author: L. Douglas Kiel
Publsiher: EOLSS Publications
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009-08-25
ISBN: 1905839138
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Knowledge Management Organizational Intelligence And Learning And Complexity Volume III Book Excerpt:

Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity is the component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity in the Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources provides the latest scientific insights into the evolution of complexity in both the natural and social realms. Emerging perspectives from the fields of knowledge management, computer-based simulation and the organizational sciences are presented as tools for understanding and supporting this evolving complexity and the earth's life support systems. These three volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Organization Theory by Chester Barnard

Organization Theory by Chester Barnard
Author: Kazuhito Isomura
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 95
Release: 2020-10-26
ISBN: 9811592063
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organization Theory by Chester Barnard Book Excerpt:

This book helps undergraduate and graduate students understand Chester Barnard’s organization theory. Barnard’s book The Functions of the Executive is a classic that, along with Herbert Simon’s Administrative Behavior, is often considered to be essential reading for management students. However, it is well known to be difficult and abstract. Offering a systematic overview, this book provides an excellent introduction to Barnard’s organization theory. Chester Barnard’s concept of formal organization is often cited as a definitive opus on the subject of organization. However, he provided other concepts of organization, such as cooperative systems, complex formal organizations, and informal organizations. In his second book, Organization and Management, he added two more concepts, lateral organizations and status systems, allowing researchers to gain a better understanding of how Barnard developed his organization theory after his first publication. Barnard was a successful practitioner as well as a theorist, and his organization theory is full of practical insights gained from managing various types of organizations, including NGOs and NPOs. This book discusses how Barnard’s organization theory can be applied to business practices in the context of exploring a new style of management, and provides suggestions for business people seeking innovations for their own organizations.

Complex Networks Their Applications X

Complex Networks   Their Applications X
Author: Rosa Maria Benito
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3030934098
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Networks Their Applications X Book Excerpt:

Randomness Enhances Cooperation A Resonance type Phenomenon in Evolutionary Games

Randomness Enhances Cooperation  A Resonance type Phenomenon in Evolutionary Games
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Randomness Enhances Cooperation A Resonance type Phenomenon in Evolutionary Games Book Excerpt:

We investigate the effect of randomness in both relationships and decisions on the evolution of cooperation. Simulation results show, in such randomness' presence, the system evolves more frequently to a cooperative state than in its absence. Specifically, there is an optimal amount of randomness, which can induce the highest level of cooperation. The mechanism of randomness promoting cooperation resembles a resonancelike fashion, which could be of particular interest in evolutionary game dynamics in economic, biological, and social systems.

Cooperative Control of Multi Agent Systems

Cooperative Control of Multi Agent Systems
Author: Frank L. Lewis,Hongwei Zhang,Kristian Hengster-Movric,Abhijit Das
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 307
Release: 2013-12-31
ISBN: 1447155742
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooperative Control of Multi Agent Systems Book Excerpt:

Cooperative Control of Multi-Agent Systems extends optimal control and adaptive control design methods to multi-agent systems on communication graphs. It develops Riccati design techniques for general linear dynamics for cooperative state feedback design, cooperative observer design, and cooperative dynamic output feedback design. Both continuous-time and discrete-time dynamical multi-agent systems are treated. Optimal cooperative control is introduced and neural adaptive design techniques for multi-agent nonlinear systems with unknown dynamics, which are rarely treated in literature are developed. Results spanning systems with first-, second- and on up to general high-order nonlinear dynamics are presented. Each control methodology proposed is developed by rigorous proofs. All algorithms are justified by simulation examples. The text is self-contained and will serve as an excellent comprehensive source of information for researchers and graduate students working with multi-agent systems.

Learning From the Octopus

Learning From the Octopus
Author: Rafe Sagarin
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2012-03-27
ISBN: 0465029817
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Learning From the Octopus Book Excerpt:

Despite the billions of dollars we've poured into foreign wars, homeland security, and disaster response, we are fundamentally no better prepared for the next terrorist attack or unprecedented flood than we were in 2001. Our response to catastrophe remains unchanged: add another step to airport security, another meter to the levee wall. This approach has proved totally ineffective: reacting to past threats and trying to predict future risks will only waste resources in our increasingly unpredictable world.In Learning from the Octopus, ecologist and security expert Rafe Sagarin rethinks the seemingly intractable problem of security by drawing inspiration from a surprising source: nature. Biological organisms have been living -- and thriving -- on a risk-filled planet for billions of years. Remarkably, they have done it without planning, predicting, or trying to perfect their responses to complex threats. Rather, they simply adapt to solve the challenges they continually face.Military leaders, public health officials, and business professionals would all like to be more adaptable, but few have figured out how. Sagarinargues that we can learn from observing how nature is organized, how organisms learn, how they create partnerships, and how life continually diversifies on this unpredictable planet.As soon as we dip our toes into a cold Pacific tidepool and watch what we thought was a rock turn into an octopus, jetting away in a cloud of ink, we can begin to see the how human adaptability can mimic natural adaptation. The same mechanisms that enabled the octopus's escape also allow our immune system to ward off new infectious diseases, helped soldiers in Iraq to recognize the threat of IEDs, and aided Google in developing faster ways to detect flu outbreaks. While we will never be able to predict the next earthquake, terrorist attack, or market fluctuation, nature can guide us in developing security systems that are not purely reactive but proactive, holistic, and adaptable. From the tidepools of Monterey to the mountains of Kazakhstan, Sagarin takes us on an eye-opening tour of the security challenges we face, and shows us how we might learn to respond more effectively to the unknown threats lurking in our future.

Management Thought

Management Thought
Author: Jayanta K Nanda
Publsiher: Sarup & Sons
Total Pages: 315
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9788176256230
Category: Management
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Management Thought Book Excerpt:

Knowledge Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems Part IV

Knowledge Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems  Part IV
Author: Andreas König,Andreas Dengel,Knut Hinkelmann,Koichi Kise,Robert J. Howlett,Lakhmi C. Jain
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 471
Release: 2011-09-15
ISBN: 3642238661
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Knowledge Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems Part IV Book Excerpt:

The four-volume set LNAI 6881-LNAI 6884 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2011, held in Kaiserslautern, Germany, in September 2011. Part 4: The total of 244 high-quality papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The 46 papers of Part 4 are organized in topical sections on human activity support in knowledge society, knowledge-based interface systems, model-based computing for innovative engineering, document analysis and knowledge science, immunity-based systems, natural language visualisation advances in theory and application of hybrid intelligent systems.

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems
Author: Bapu Vaitla
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2021-09-15
ISBN: 9780128207895
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems Book Excerpt:

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems analyzes cooperation within both biological networks and human societies. The book's approach is cross-disciplinary, focusing on key ideas and methods from genetics, biology, ecology, economics, and political science, while guiding students to make conceptual and mathematical connections between fields. The core objective of the book is to help students perceive the deep, common structure of networked interaction in nature, and to gain the tools necessary to formally analyze cooperation. The book begins by offering a conceptual and mathematical toolkit centered on game theory and network science. Readers then apply these tools to the study of biological phenomena, including genetic networks, endosymbiosis, intraspecies cooperation, and mutualisms, in the following chapters. The final portion of the book presents case studies of the most pressing problems of collective action facing global society today, including climate change, cyberterrorism, and infectious disease, applying the lessons of biological and social evolution to the search for cooperative solutions. Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems is a valuable resource for readers looking to gain further insight into biological networks and animal and human biology. This book is also helpful for students across academic disciplines aside from biology, including ecology, genetics, and political science. Describes and examines game theory and network science, providing readers with the rigorous quantitative foundation needed to link concepts across widely varying systems Structured to proceed sequentially through biological systems of increasing structural complexity, genomes, cells, organisms, ecological communities, to understand the nested nature of cooperation Includes key term lists, practice exercises, and detailed answers for reader engagement

Machine Learning for Networking

Machine Learning for Networking
Author: Selma Boumerdassi,Éric Renault,Paul Mühlethaler
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2020-04-19
ISBN: 3030457788
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Machine Learning for Networking Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Machine Learning for Networking, MLN 2019, held in Paris, France, in December 2019. The 26 revised full papers included in the volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 75 submissions. They present and discuss new trends in deep and reinforcement learning, patternrecognition and classi cation for networks, machine learning for network slicingoptimization, 5G system, user behavior prediction, multimedia, IoT, securityand protection, optimization and new innovative machine learning methods, performanceanalysis of machine learning algorithms, experimental evaluations ofmachine learning, data mining in heterogeneous networks, distributed and decentralizedmachine learning algorithms, intelligent cloud-support communications,ressource allocation, energy-aware communications, software de ned networks,cooperative networks, positioning and navigation systems, wireless communications,wireless sensor networks, underwater sensor networks.

Cooperation and Its Evolution

Cooperation and Its Evolution
Author: Kim Sterelny,Richard Joyce,Brett Calcott,Ben Fraser
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2013-02-22
ISBN: 0262018535
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooperation and Its Evolution Book Excerpt:

Essays from a range of disciplinary perspectives show the central role that cooperation plays in structuring our world. This collection reports on the latest research on an increasingly pivotal issue for evolutionary biology: cooperation. The chapters are written from a variety of disciplinary perspectives and utilize research tools that range from empirical survey to conceptual modeling, reflecting the rich diversity of work in the field. They explore a wide taxonomic range, concentrating on bacteria, social insects, and, especially, humans. Part I ("Agents and Environments") investigates the connections of social cooperation in social organizations to the conditions that make cooperation profitable and stable, focusing on the interactions of agent, population, and environment. Part II ("Agents and Mechanisms") focuses on how proximate mechanisms emerge and operate in the evolutionary process and how they shape evolutionary trajectories. Throughout the book, certain themes emerge that demonstrate the ubiquity of questions regarding cooperation in evolutionary biology: the generation and division of the profits of cooperation; transitions in individuality; levels of selection, from gene to organism; and the "human cooperation explosion" that makes our own social behavior particularly puzzling from an evolutionary perspective.

Resolving Social Dilemmas

Resolving Social Dilemmas
Author: Margaret Foddy,Michael Smithson,Sherry Schneider,Michael A. Hogg
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2013-05-13
ISBN: 1134838816
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resolving Social Dilemmas Book Excerpt:

Leading Edge Computer Science Research

Leading Edge Computer Science Research
Author: Susan Shannon
Publsiher: Nova Publishers
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9781594545269
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Leading Edge Computer Science Research Book Excerpt:

The books in this series present leading-edge research in the field of computer research, technology and applications. Each contribution has been carefully selected for inclusion based on the significance of the research to the field. Summaries of all chapters are gathered at the beginning of the book and an in-depth index is presented to facilitate access.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia
Author: Steven M. Silverstein,Bita Moghaddam,Til Wykes
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2013-11-15
ISBN: 0262019620
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Schizophrenia Book Excerpt:

Despite major advances in methodology and thousands of published studies every year, treatment outcomes in schizophrenia have not improved over the last fifty years. Moreover, we still lack strategies for prevention and we do not yet understand how the interaction of genetic, developmental, and environmental factors contribute to the disorder. In this book, leading researchers consider conceptual and technical obstacles to progress in understanding schizophrenia and suggest novel strategies for advancing research and treatment. The contributors address a wide range of critical issues: the construct of schizophrenia itself; etiology, risk, prediction, and prevention; different methods of modeling the disorder; and treatment development and delivery. They identify crucial gaps in our knowledge and offer creative but feasible suggestions. These strategies include viewing schizophrenia as a heterogeneous group of conditions; adopting specific new approaches to prediction and early intervention; developing better integration of data across genetics, imaging, perception, cognition, phenomenology, and other fields; and moving toward an evidence-based, personalized approach to treatment requiring rational clinical decision-making to reduce functional disability. ContributorsRobert Bittner, Robert W. Buchanan, Kristin S. Cadenhead, William T. Carpenter, Jr., Aiden Corvin, Daniel Durstewitz, André A. Fenton, Camilo de la Fuente-Sandoval, Jay A. Gingrich, Joshua A. Gordon, Chloe Gott, Peter B. Jones, René S. Kahn, Richard Keefe, Wolfgang Kelsch, James L. Kennedy, Matcheri S. Keshavan, Angus W. MacDonald III, Anil K. Malhotra, John McGrath, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Kevin J. Mitchell, Bita Moghaddam, Vera A. Morgan, Craig Morgan, Kim T. Mueser, Karoly Nikolich, Patricio O'Donnell, Michael O'Donovan, William A. Phillips, Wulf Rössler, Louis Sass, Akira Sawa, Jeremy K. Seamans, Steven M. Silverstein, William Spaulding, Sharmili Sritharan, Heike Tost, Peter Uhlhaas, Aristotle Voineskos, Michèle Wessa, Leanne M. Williams, Ashley Wilson, Til Wykes

Public Administration Practices and Perspectives

Public Administration Practices and Perspectives
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1962
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Public administration
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Public Administration Practices and Perspectives Book Excerpt:

A digest of current materials.

The Evolution of Culture

The Evolution of Culture
Author: Leslie A White
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-06-16
ISBN: 1315418568
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolution of Culture Book Excerpt:

One of the major works of twentieth-century anthropological theory, written by one of the discipline’s most important, complex, and controversial figures, has not been in print for several years. Now Evolution of Culture is again available in paperback, allowing today’s generation of anthropologists new access to Leslie White’s crucial contribution to the theory of cultural evolution. A new, substantial introduction by Robert Carneiro and Burton J. Brown assess White’s historical importance and continuing influence in the discipline. White is credited with reintroducing evolution in a way that had a profound impact on our understanding of the relationship between technology, ecology, and culture in the development of civilizations. A materialist, he was particularly concerned with societies’ ability to harness energy as an indicator of progress, and his empirical analysis of this equation covers a vast historical span. Fearlessly tackling the most fundamental questions of culture and society during the cold war, White was frequently a lightning rod both inside and outside the academy. His book will provoke equally potent debates today, and is a key component of any course or reading list in anthropological or archaeological theory and cultural ecology.

The Common Extremalities in Biology and Physics

The Common Extremalities in Biology and Physics
Author: Adam Moroz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 379
Release: 2011
ISBN: 0123851874
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Common Extremalities in Biology and Physics Book Excerpt:

This book is the first unified systemic description of dissipative phenomena, taking place in biology, and non-dissipative (conservative) phenomena, which is more relevant to physics. Fully updated and revised, this new edition extends our understanding of nonlinear phenomena in biology and physics from the extreme / optimal perspective. The first book to provide understanding of physical phenomena from a biological perspective and biological phenomena from a physical perspective Discusses emerging fields and analysis Provides examples