Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts
Author: P Dillmann,G Beranger,P Piccardo,H Matthiessen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2014-01-23
ISBN: 1845693019
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Book Excerpt:

Understanding long term corrosion processes is critical in many areas, including archaeology and conservation. This important book reviews key themes such as the processes underlying corrosion over long periods, how corrosion rates can be measured and materials conserved. After an overview of the study and conservation of metal archaeological artefacts, a group of chapters reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze. Other chapters review the impact of environmental factors on corrosion rates. The book also considers instrumental techniques for measuring corrosion such as electrochemistry and scanning electron microscopy, as well as ways of modelling corrosion processes. There is also coverage of the effectiveness of corrosion inhibitors. With its distinguished editors and contributors, Corrosion of metallic heritage artefacts improves our understanding of long term corrosion and its effects. It provides a valuable reference for those involved in archaeology and conservation, as well as those dealing with the long term storage of nuclear and other waste. Reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze Considers instumental techniques such as electrochemistry for measuring corrosion

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts
Author: P Dillman
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2007-04-02
ISBN: 9781420054071
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Book Excerpt:

Written by distinguished editors and contributors, Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts explores long term corrosion and its effects. It reviews key themes such as the processes underlying corrosion over long periods, how corrosion rates can be measured, and materials conserved. The book discusses long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron, and bronze, then examines the impact of environmental factors on corrosion rates. It also considers instrumental techniques for measuring corrosion such as electrochemistry and scanning electron microscopy, as well as ways of modelling corrosion processes. There is also coverage of the effectiveness of corrosion inhibitors.

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts
Author: P Dillmann,D Watkinson,E Angelini,A Adriaens
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 1782421572
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts Book Excerpt:

The conservation of metallic archaeological and historic artefacts is a major challenge whether they are ancient bronzes or relics of our more recent industrial past. Based on the work of Working Party 21 Corrosion of Archaeological and Historical Artefacts within the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC), this important book summarises key recent research on analytical techniques, understanding corrosion processes and preventing the corrosion of cultural heritage metallic artefacts. After an introductory part on some of the key issues in this area, part two reviews the range of analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes, including time resolved spectroelectrochemistry, voltammetry and laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Part three reviews different types of corrosion processes for a range of artefacts, whilst part four discusses on-site monitoring techniques. The final part of the book summaries a range of conservation techniques and strategies to conserve cultural heritage metallic artefacts. Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts is an important reference for all those involved in archaeology and conservation, including governments, museums as well as those undertaking research in archaeology and corrosion science. Summarises key research on analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes Provides detailed understanding of corrosion processes and corrosion prevention Discusses on-site monitoring techniques

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: M. Abdel Harith
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 0128091258
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

In the present chapter laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is introduced as a powerful spectrochemical analytical technique that can be exploited to characterize corroded artifacts. Scientific and technological aspects of LIBS are briefly presented. LIBS does not need sample preparation, it is nondestructive and it can be used for in-situ measurements. Examples of LIBS applications that can help archaeologists in conservation and restoration of metallic artifacts are given. We demonstrated the use of LIBS in analysis of corroded metal threads, depth profiling of copper-based decorative artefact, analysis of corroded Punic coins, and LIBS and XRF analysis of Roman silver denarii.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: E. Cano,D. Lafuente
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 0128091452
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

This chapter reviews the applicability and specific uses of corrosion inhibitors in metal conservation practice. Corrosion inhibitors are one of the different methods used by conservation-restoration professionals to preserve metallic cultural heritage. In the first part, specific requirements and needs for corrosion inhibitors in conservation treatments are reviewed, as well as the different methods for the assessment of their efficiency. The second part of the chapter reviews the different inhibitors used by type of metals: copper and its alloys, iron and its alloys, and other metals (including silver, lead and zinc), from traditional ones to state-of-the-art treatments.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: D. Neff,S. Reguer,P. Dillmann
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 0128091231
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

This chapter introduces the techniques used when investigating corrosion layers formed on cultural heritage artefacts. Various multiscale analysis methods, from macroscopic to nanoscopic scales, are presented. Information on the morphology, the elementary composition and the crystalline structure that each method allows for determining the constituents of the corrosion layers is examined, as well as their limits in terms of set-up, spatial and detection resolution. This chapter discusses the characteristics of the scientific tools that can be used to understand corrosion phenomena, by taking into account the major parameters responsible for alteration mechanisms.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: E. Angelini,S. Grassini,S. Tusa
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 0128091312
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

This chapter deals with the description of suitable and innovative solutions devoted to preserve metallic artefacts in their original contexts, underwater cultural heritage sites of archaeological and historical interest, as well as with the analysis of the degradation processes of ferrous and non-ferrous artefacts induced by contact with an aggressive environment such as sea water. The chapter also provides an overview of the most common conservation strategies applied to recovered artefacts.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: L.M. Abrantes,A.I. Melato
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 0128091428
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

This chapter describes the recent advances in corrosion protection afforded by the use of ultra-thin organic films such as polymer films and self-assembled monolayers. Emphasis is given to the metal surface modification by self-assembled monolayers of carboxylic acids due to their properties and ability to protect metallic artefacts.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: D. Watkinson
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 0128091215
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

Relationships between conservation and corrosion scientists are assessed and similarities, differences and synergies identified. Corrosion control as a preservation option for heritage metals is advocated as being cost-effective and pragmatic. This will require generation of data to develop predictive conservation and estimation of object lifespan as a function of their intrinsic and extrinsic variables. Methods for quantitative determination of corrosion rates of chloride infested heritage iron and techniques for scaling to heritage value are discussed. The iron hull of the ss Great Britain and an AHRC/EPSRC Heritage Science Research Programme at Cardiff University are used to illustrate the rationale behind using corrosion control in heritage.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: P. Letardi
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 0128091266
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

The basic principles of corrosion and electrochemistry are briefly summarised to indicate the capabilities of electrochemical techniques in diagnostic and conservation of heritage metals. The basic elements of each electrochemical measurement – cell, electrolyte, instrumentation – are schematically illustrated in the specific application to cultural heritage. The different measurement techniques are reviewed, divided into three groups: (1) potential measurements; (2) DC techniques; (3) AC techniques. The aims and fields of application are discussed, reporting several examples of specific applications in the field of cultural heritage.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: H. Matthiesen
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 0128091363
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

Oxygen is a key factor in corrosion and decay of artefacts from our cultural heritage. The measurement of oxygen concentrations and quantification of oxygen consumption is therefore extremely useful in both corrosion and conservation science. This chapter focuses on two aspects of oxygen monitoring: first, measurement of oxygen consumption of cultural heritage artefacts to evaluate their corrosion rate and the efficiency of conservation treatments, and second, measurement of oxygen concentration in the burial environment to evaluate the preservation conditions and understand the formation of different corrosion products in situ. The chapter includes a short description of equipment for oxygen measurement, and gives some examples of its use for monitoring purposes.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: A. Doménech-Carbó
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 0128091282
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

This chapter discusses the application of the voltammetry of microparticles, a solid-state electrochemical technique, to the field of corrosion of archaeological metal. Identification of metals and alloys, identification, mapping and layer-by-layer analysis of corrosion products on metal surfaces using this technique are described. Applications include quantification of components of alloys and corrosion layers, and evaluation of metal conservation and the kinetics of long-term corrosion processes. Specific applications in archaeometry, conservation and restoration include authentication and dating.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: S. Grassini
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 0128091355
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a powerful tool in developing the most appropriate methodology for ensuring long-lasting artefact preservation. EIS consists in the measurement of amplitude and phase of the surface impedance of coated metallic objects at different frequencies in order to highlight either the protective effectiveness of a coating or the stability of a corrosion product layer grown onto the metallic surface. Two in-situ EIS measuring campaigns are described together with the description of the portable instrument and the measuring probes specifically designed and developed for cultural heritage applications.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: D.A. Scott
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 012809124X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Excerpt:

Metallographic investigations may be an essential component in the search for authenticity and fabrication technology. Assessing how an artefact is made may involve metallographic examination, usually entailing the removal of a small sample from the object concerned. Examples of the use of metallography are discussed with reference to copper alloys, high-tin bronzes, Chinese bronze mirrors, copper plaques, iron and steels, and plated or coated metals, such as depletion gilded surfaces or those covered with gold foil or other metals. The different types of features which metallography can reveal concerning ancient metallic structures are briefly discussed with several colour photomicrographs which illustrate the features described in this chapter. The importance of metallography as one component of the scientific tools to aid in the determination of authenticity of ancient metallic artefacts is stressed, and an example given of old electrotypes from the Victoria and Albert Museum. Important literature references are provided to direct the reader to more detailed studies on the subject.

Corrosion of Archaeological and Heritage Artefacts EFC 45

Corrosion of Archaeological and Heritage Artefacts EFC 45
Author: Philippe Dillmann
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 112
Release: 2017-12-02
ISBN: 1351192779
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion of Archaeological and Heritage Artefacts EFC 45 Book Excerpt:

"This special issue of Corrosion Engineering Science and Technology is dedicated to the study of corrosion of objects from historical sites. The issue contains contributions from the 2009 EUROCORR session on Corrosion of Archaeological and Heritage Artefacts organised by the European Federation of Corrosion's working party and commissioned articles on other key issues. The objective is to give the reader a broad understanding of corrosion of ancient materials, for the most part metal but also glass. Articles shed light on a range of analytical approaches related to the study of the complex systems that make up historical artifacts. In order to arrive at an understanding of the nanometric organisation of rust layers and interphases, such studies must be approached on a macroscopic scale. Techniques used include; macrophotography, synchrotron radiation and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) that ensure results that are both exhaustive and representative of particular observations. This issue demonstrates the wealth of approaches possible in the study of the corrosion of ancient materials."

LaQue s Handbook of Marine Corrosion

LaQue s Handbook of Marine Corrosion
Author: David A. Shifler
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 756
Release: 2022-07-01
ISBN: 1119788854
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

LaQue s Handbook of Marine Corrosion Book Excerpt:

The new edition of LaQue's classic text on marine corrosion, providing fully updated control engineering practices and applications Extensively updated throughout, the second edition of La Que's Handbook of Marine Corrosion remains the standard single-source reference on the unique nature of seawater as a corrosive environment. Designed to help readers reduce operational and life cycle costs for materials in marine environments, this authoritative resource provides clear guidance on design, materials selection, and implementation of corrosion control engineering practices for materials in atmospheric, immersion, or wetted marine environments. Completely rewritten for the 21st century, this new edition reflects current environmental regulations, best practices, materials, and processes, with special emphasis placed on the engineering, behavior, and practical applications of materials. Divided into three parts, the book first explains the fundamentals of corrosion in marine environments, including atmospheric corrosion, erosion, microbiological corrosion, fatigue, environmental cracking, and cathodic delamination. The second part discusses corrosion control methods and materials selection that can mitigate or eliminate corrosion in different marine environments. The third section provides the reader with specific applications of corrosion engineering to structures, systems, or components that exist in marine environments. This much-needed new edition: Presents a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the science and engineering aspects of marine corrosion Focuses on engineering aspects, descriptive behavior, and practical applications of materials usage in marine environments Addresses the various materials used in marine environments, including metals, polymers, alloys, coatings, and composites Incorporates current regulations, standards, and recommended practices of numerous organizations such as ASTM International, the US Navy, the American Bureau of Shipping, the International Organization for Standardization, and the International Maritime Organization Written in a clear and understandable style, La Que's Handbook of Marine Corrosion, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for engineers and materials scientists in disciplines spanning the naval, maritime, commercial, shipping industries, particularly corrosion engineers, ship designers, naval architects, marine engineers, oceanographers, and other professionals involved with products that operate in marine environments.

Microorganisms in the Deterioration and Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Microorganisms in the Deterioration and Preservation of Cultural Heritage
Author: Edith Joseph
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 367
Release: 2021-05-05
ISBN: 3030694119
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microorganisms in the Deterioration and Preservation of Cultural Heritage Book Excerpt:

This open access book offers a comprehensive overview of the role and potential of microorganisms in the degradation and preservation of cultural materials (e.g. stone, metals, graphic documents, textiles, paintings, glass, etc.). Microorganisms are a major cause of deterioration in cultural artefacts, both in the case of outdoor monuments and archaeological finds. This book covers the microorganisms involved in biodeterioration and control methods used to reduce their impact on cultural artefacts. Additionally, the reader will learn more about how microorganisms can be used for the preservation and protection of cultural artefacts through bio-based and eco-friendly materials. New avenues for developing methods and materials for the conservation of cultural artefacts are discussed, together with concrete advances in terms of sustainability, effectiveness and toxicity, making the book essential reading for anyone interested in microbiology and the preservation of cultural heritage.

YOCOCU 2014

YOCOCU 2014
Author: Simone Cagno,Andrea Macchia,Fernanda Prestileo
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 477
Release: 2016-02-29
ISBN: 1443889768
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

YOCOCU 2014 Book Excerpt:

This volume is a collection of contributions presented at the 4th YOCOCU Youth in Conservation of Cultural Heritage Conference, held in Agsu, Azerbaijan, in May 2014. The driving force behind YOCOCU 2014 was to transcend geographical boundaries and encourage every participant to define their contribution and role within the cultural heritage community. The book starts by reflecting on the present politics, strategies and methods of cultural heritage conservation, and demonstrates new ideas and multidisciplinary approaches to conservation needs. This is not only a creative and passionate examination of cultural heritage conservation but also examines how YOCOCU 2014 was, and continues to be, a vector for the development of young professionals, a bridge between cultures and different levels of expertise.

Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines

Corrosion Under Insulation  CUI  Guidelines
Author: S Winnik
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2015-11-26
ISBN: 0081007396
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines Book Excerpt:

Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies. The guidelines are intended for use on all plants and installation that contain insulated vessels, piping and equipment. The guidelines cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques and recommended best practice for mitigating CUI, including design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials and protection guards. The guidelines also include case studies. The original document first published in 2008 was very successful and provided an important resource in the continuing battle to mitigate CUI. Many members of the EFC corrosion community requested an update and this has taken between 18-24 months to do so. Hopefully this revised document will continue to serve the community providing a practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. Revised and fully updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP 15 Contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies Extensive appendices that provide additional practical guidance on the implementation of corrosion-under-insulation best practice, collected practical expertise and case studies

Conservation Science

Conservation Science
Author: Paul Garside,Emma Richardson
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2021-12-03
ISBN: 1788019342
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conservation Science Book Excerpt:

Conservation techniques for the analysis and preservation of heritage materials are constantly progressing. Building on the first edition of Conservation Science, this new edition incorporates analytical techniques and data processing methods that have emerged in the past decade and presents them alongside notable case studies for each class of material. An introductory chapter on analytical techniques provides a succinct overview to bring the reader up-to-speed with which type of material each technique is suitable for, the differing sampling techniques that can be employed, and the handling and processing of the resultant data. Subsequent chapters go on to cover all common heritage materials in turn, from natural substances such as wood and stone to modern plastics, detailing the up-to-date techniques for their analysis. With contributions by scientists working in the museum and heritage sector, this textbook will interest students, scientists involved in conservation, and conservators who want to develop their understanding of their collections at a material level.