Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives
Author: Avi Cagan,Jimmie C. Oxley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2021-12-06
ISBN: 0444641041
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives Book Excerpt:

The use of explosives in terror attacks, including improvised ones, presents an ongoing threat which requires the development of techniques for detecting a larger variety of explosives, faster detection, and with lower rates of false alarms. Counterterrorist detection techniques of explosives [...] covers the most successful techniques for explosives detection at present. This completely revised volume describes the most updated research findings, which will be used in the next generation of explosives detection technologies. New editors Drs. Avi Cagan and Jimmie Oxley have assembled in one volume a series of detection technologies of explosives, written by a group of scientists who are experts in each of these technologies. The book helps researchers to compare the advantages and disadvantages of all available methods in detecting explosives and, in effect, allow them to choose the correct instrumental screening technology according to the nature of the sample.

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives
Author: Jehuda Yinon
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2011-10-13
ISBN: 9780080545202
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives Book Excerpt:

The detection of hidden explosives has become an issue of utmost importance in recent years. While terrorism is not new to the international community, recent terrorist attacks have raised the issue of detection of explosives and have generated a great demand for rapid, sensitive and reliable methods for detecting hidden explosives. Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives covers recent advances in this area of research including vapor and trace detection techniques (chemiluminescence, mass spectrometry, ion mobility spectrometry, electrochemical methods and micromechanical sensors, such as microcantilevers) and bulk detection techniques (neutron techniques, nuclear quadrupole resonance, x-ray diffraction imaging, millimeter-wave imaging, terahertz imaging and laser techniques). This book will be of interest to any scientists involved in the design and application of security screening technologies including new sensors and detecting devices which will prevent the smuggling of bombs and explosives. * Covers latest advances in vapor and trace detection techniques and bulk detection techniques * Reviews both current techniques and those in advanced stages of development * Techniques that are described in detail, including its principles of operation, as well as its applications in the detection of explosives

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives
Author: Avi Cagan,Jimmie C. Oxley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2021-12-08
ISBN: 044464105X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives Book Excerpt:

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives, Second Edition covers the most current techniques available for explosive detection. This completely revised volume describes the most updated research findings that will be used in the next generation of explosives detection technologies. New editors Drs. Avi Cagan and Jimmie Oxley have assembled in one volume a series of detection technologies written by an expert group of scientists. The book helps researchers to compare the advantages and disadvantages of all available methods in detecting explosives and, in effect, allows them to choose the correct instrumental screening technology according to the nature of the sample. Covers bulk/remote trace/contact or contact-less detection Describes techniques applicable to indoor (public transportation, human and freight) and outdoor (vehicle) detection Reviews both current techniques and those in advanced stages of development Provides detailed descriptions of every technique, including its principles of operation, as well as its applications in the detection of explosives

Counter Terrorism Technologies

Counter Terrorism Technologies
Author: Peter Lehr
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 217
Release: 2018-07-10
ISBN: 331990924X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counter Terrorism Technologies Book Excerpt:

This book critically discusses the role of technology for counter-terrorism in general, and for securing our vulnerable open societies in particular. It is set against the backdrop of the terrorist threat posed by the combined forces of Al Qaeda and ISIS/Daesh in the foreseeable future. The book commences by illuminating current and foreseeable tactics and weapons used by these implacable enemies – weapons that may well include chemical, biological, radiological and potentially even nuclear (CBRN) devices. In a second part, it introduces technologies already available or in development that promise an increase in safety and security when it comes to the dangers posed by these terrorists. This part also includes a critical discussion of advantages and disadvantages of such technologies that are, quite often, sold as a ‘silver bullet’ approach in the fight against terrorism. Controversies such as those triggered by the abuse of millimeter wave scanners deployed at several Western European airports will demonstrate that there are costs involved with regard to human rights. The third, analytical part takes the critical discussion further by arguing that the uncritical fielding of new surveillance and control technologies in parallel with the on-going outsourcing and privatization of key services of the state could well lead to dystopias as envisaged in a rather prescient way by the so-called cyperpunk novels of the 1980s. The book concludes with the question that any liberal democracy should ask itself: how far can we go with regard to hardening our societies against terrorist threats?

Explosives Detection using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques

Explosives Detection using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques
Author: Jacques Fraissard,Olga Lapina
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2009-07-06
ISBN: 904813062X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Explosives Detection using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques Book Excerpt:

Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) a highly promising new technique for bulk explosives detection: relatively inexpensive, more compact than NMR, but with considerable selectivity. Since the NQR frequency is insensitive to long-range variations in composition, mixing explosives with other materials, such as the plasticizers in plastic explosives, makes no difference. The NQR signal strength varies linearly with the amount of explosive, and is independent of its distribution within the volume monitored. NQR spots explosive types in configurations missed by the X-ray imaging method. But if NQR is so good, why it is not used everywhere? Its main limitation is the low signal-to-noise ratio, particularly with the radio-frequency interference that exists in a field environment, NQR polarization being much weaker than that from an external magnetic field. The distinctive signatures are there, but are difficult to extract from the noise. In addition, the high selectivity is partly a disadvantage, as it is hard to build a multichannel system necessary to cover a wide range of target substances. Moreover, substances fully screened by metallic enclosures, etc. are difficult to detect. A workshop was held at St Petersburg in July 2008 in an attempt to solve these problems and make NQR the universal technique for the detection of bombs regardless of type. This book presents the essentials of the papers given there.

Explosives Detection

Explosives Detection
Author: Lorenzo Capineri,Eyüp Kuntay Turmuş
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2020-01-29
ISBN: 940241729X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Explosives Detection Book Excerpt:

This volume presents selected contributions from the “Advanced Research Workshop on Explosives Detection” hosted by the Department of Information Engineering of the University of Florence, Italy in 2018. The main goal of the workshop was to find out how Science for Peace and Security projects in the field of Explosives Detection contribute to the development and/or refinement of scientific and technical knowledge and competencies. The findings of the workshop, presented in the last section of the book, determine future actions and direction of the SPS Programme in the field of explosives detection and management.The NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme, promotes dialogue and practical cooperation between NATO member states and partner nations based on scientific research, technological innovation and knowledge exchange. Several initiatives were launched in the field of explosive detection and clearance, as part of NATO’s enhanced role in the international fight against terrorism. Experts and scientists from NATO members and partner countries have been brought together in multi-year projects, within the framework of the SPS Programme, to cooperate in the scientific research in explosive detection field, developing new technologies and methods to be implemented in order to detect explosive substances in different contexts.

Signal Processing and Analysis Techniques for Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy

Signal Processing and Analysis Techniques for Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy
Author: Cristian Monea,Nicu Bizon
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 175
Release: 2021-10-11
ISBN: 3030878619
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Signal Processing and Analysis Techniques for Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

This book is about improving prohibited substances detection using the nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) technique at security checkpoints. The book proposes multiple signal processing and analysis techniques for improving detection of dangerous or contraband substances, such as explosives, narcotics, or toxic substances. Also, several hardware solutions are described and implemented in a custom-designed NQR spectrometer. A new approach to NQR signal detection is introduced using artificial intelligence/deep learning techniques. The book will be useful for for researchers and practitioners in the areas of electrical engineering, signal processing and analysis, applied spectroscopy, as well as for security or laboratory equipment manufacturers.

Trace Analysis with Nanomaterials

Trace Analysis with Nanomaterials
Author: David T. Pierce,Julia Xiaojun Zhao
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2011-05-25
ISBN: 3527632077
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trace Analysis with Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

Presenting a wide variety of methods, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state -- ranging from bioanalysis to electrochemical sensing, forensics and chemistry, while also covering the toxicity aspects of nanomaterials to humans and the environment. Edited by rising stars in the field, the first section on biological analysis includes an investigation of nanoparticles and micro- and nanofluidic systems, while the second, environmental analysis, looks at the detection, monitoring, and sensing of explosives as well as pollutants, among other topics. The final part covers such advanced methods as the synthesis and characterization of gold nanorods. For analytical chemists, materials scientists, chemists working in trace analysis, and spectroscopists.

Forensic Investigation of Explosions

Forensic Investigation of Explosions
Author: David R. Gaskell
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 830
Release: 2011-11-02
ISBN: 1420087266
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Investigation of Explosions Book Excerpt:

Now in its second edition, Forensic Investigation of Explosions draws on the editor‘s 30 years of explosives casework experience, including his work on task forces set up to investigate major explosives incidents. Dr. Alexander Beveridge provides a broad, multidisciplinary approach, assembling the contributions of internationally recognized experts

Demystifying Explosives

Demystifying Explosives
Author: Sethuramasharma Venugopalan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2015-01-09
ISBN: 0128017562
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Demystifying Explosives Book Excerpt:

Demystifying Explosives: Concepts in High Energy Materials explains the basic concepts of and the science behind the entire spectrum of high energy materials (HEMs) and gives a broad perspective about all types of HEMs and their interrelationships. Demystifying Explosives covers topics ranging from explosives, deflagration, detonation, and pyrotechnics to safety and security aspects of HEMS, looking at their aspects, particularly their inter-relatedness with respect to properties and performance. The book explains concepts related to the molecular structure of HEMs, their properties, performance parameters, detonation and shock waves including explosives and propellants. The theory-based title also deals with important (safety and security) and interesting (constructive applications) aspects connected with HEMs and is of fundamental use to students in their introduction to these materials and applications. Explains the concept of high energy materials in simple language and down-to-earth examples Worked examples and problems are given wherever required Demystifies the concept of explosives Limited use of big and complex equations Questions and Suggested Reading are given at the end of each chapter

Agent and Multi Agent Systems Technologies and Applications

Agent and Multi Agent Systems  Technologies and Applications
Author: Gordan Jezic,Mario Kusek,Ngoc Thanh Nguyen,Robert J. Howlett,Lakhmi C. Jain
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 661
Release: 2012-06-16
ISBN: 364230947X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agent and Multi Agent Systems Technologies and Applications Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th KES International Conference on Agent and Multi-Agent Systems, KES-AMSTA 2012, held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, in June 2012. The conference attracted a substantial number of researchers and practitioners from all over the world who submitted their papers for ten main tracks covering the methodology and applications of agent and multi-agent systems, one workshop (TRUMAS 2012) and five special sessions on specific topics within the field. The 66 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on virtual organizations, knowledge and learning agents, intelligent workflow, cloud computing and intelligent systems, self-organization, ICT-based alternative and augmentative communication, multi-agent systems, mental and holonic models, assessment methodologies in multi-agent and other paradigms, business processing agents, Trumas 2012 (first international workshop), conversational agents and agent teams, digital economy, and multi-agent systems in distributed environments.

Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing

Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing
Author: Syed Kamrul Islam,Mohammad Rafiqul Haider
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2009-12-02
ISBN: 9780387793924
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing Book Excerpt:

Low-power sensors and their applications in various fields ranging from military to civilian lives have made tremendous progress in the recent years. Low-power and extended battery life are the key focuses for long term, reliable and easy operation of these sensors. Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing provides a general overview of a sensor’s working principle and a discussion of the emerging sensor technologies including chemical, electro-chemical and MEMS based sensors. Also included is a discussion on design challenges associated with low-power analog circuits and the schemes to overcome them. Finally, a short discussion of some of the simple wireless telemetry schemes best suited for low-power sensor applications and sensor packaging issues is discussed. Applications and sensor prototypes included are environmental monitoring, health care monitoring and issues related to the development of sensor prototypes and associated electronics to achieve high signal-to-noise ratio will also be presented.

Forensic Chemistry Handbook

Forensic Chemistry Handbook
Author: Lawrence Kobilinsky
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2011-11-17
ISBN: 9781118062234
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Chemistry Handbook Book Excerpt:

A concise, robust introduction to the various topics covered by the discipline of forensic chemistry The Forensic Chemistry Handbook focuses on topics in each of the major chemistry-related areas of forensic science. With chapter authors that span the forensic chemistry field, this book exposes readers to the state of the art on subjects such as serology (including blood, semen, and saliva), DNA/molecular biology, explosives and ballistics, toxicology, pharmacology, instrumental analysis, arson investigation, and various other types of chemical residue analysis. In addition, the Forensic Chemistry Handbook: Covers forensic chemistry in a clear, concise, and authoritative way Brings together in one volume the key topics in forensics where chemistry plays an important role, such as blood analysis, drug analysis, urine analysis, and DNA analysis Explains how to use analytical instruments to analyze crime scene evidence Contains numerous charts, illustrations, graphs, and tables to give quick access to pertinent information Media focus on high-profile trials like those of Scott Peterson or Kobe Bryant have peaked a growing interest in the fascinating subject of forensic chemistry. For those readers who want to understand the mechanisms of reactions used in laboratories to piece together crime scenes—and to fully grasp the chemistry behind it—this book is a must-have.

Gas Chromatography

Gas Chromatography
Author: Colin Poole
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2012-07-26
ISBN: 0123855411
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gas Chromatography Book Excerpt:

This title provides comprehensive coverage of modern gas chromatography including theory, instrumentation, columns, and applications addressing the needs of advanced students and professional scientists in industry and government laboratories. Chapters are written by recognized experts on each topic. Each chapter offers a complete picture with respect to its topic so researchers can move straight to the information they need without reading through a lot of background information. Individual chapters written by recognized experts The big picture of gas chromatography from theory, to methods, to selected applications Provides references to other sources in associated areas of study to facilitate research Gives access to core data for practical work, comparison of results and decision making

Criminalistics

Criminalistics
Author: James E. Girard,James Girard
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Total Pages: 543
Release: 2011-01-28
ISBN: 0763777315
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Criminalistics Book Excerpt:

Criminal Investigations & Forensic Science

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science
Author: John M. Chalmers,Howell G. M. Edwards,Michael D. Hargreaves
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2012-01-03
ISBN: 1119962986
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science Book Excerpt:

This book will provide a survey of the major areas in which information derived from vibrational spectroscopy investigations and studies have contributed to the benefit of forensic science, either in a complementary or a unique way. This is highlighted by examples taken from real case studies and analyses of forensic relevance, which provide a focus for current and future applications and developments.

Forensic Analytical Methods

Forensic Analytical Methods
Author: Thiago R L C Paixão,Wendell K T Coltro,Maiara Oliveira Salles
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2019-08-16
ISBN: 1788014596
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Analytical Methods Book Excerpt:

Forensic analysis relates to the development of analytical methods from laboratory applications to in-field and in situ applications to resolve criminal cases. There has been a rapid expansion in the past few years in this area, which has led to an increase in the output of literature. This is the first book that brings together the understanding of the analytical techniques and how these influence the outcome of a forensic investigation. Starting with a brief introduction of the chemical analysis for forensic application, some forensic sampling and sample preparation, the book then describes techniques used in forensic chemical sensing in order to solve crimes. The techniques describe current forensic science practices in analytical chemistry and specifically the development of portable detectors to guide the authorities in the field. The book provides an excellent combination of current issues in forensic analytical methods for the graduates and professionals. It will cover the essential principles for students and directly relate the techniques to applications in real situations.

Forensic Investigation of Explosions Second Edition

Forensic Investigation of Explosions  Second Edition
Author: Alexander Beveridge
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 832
Release: 2011-11-02
ISBN: 1420087258
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Investigation of Explosions Second Edition Book Excerpt:

Now in its second edition, Forensic Investigation of Explosions draws on the editor’s 30 years of explosives casework experience, including his work on task forces set up to investigate major explosives incidents. Dr. Alexander Beveridge provides a broad, multidisciplinary approach, assembling the contributions of internationally recognized experts who present the definitive reference work on the subject. Topics discussed include: The physics and chemistry of explosives and explosions The detection of hidden explosives The effect of explosions on structures and persons Aircraft sabotage investigations Explosion scene investigations Casework management The role of forensic scientists Analysis of explosives and their residues Forensic pathology as it relates to explosives Presentation of expert testimony With nearly 40 percent more material, this new edition contains revised chapters and several new topics, including: A profile of casework management in the UK Forensic Explosives Laboratory, one of the world’s top labs, with a discussion of their management system, training procedures, and practical approaches to problem solving Properties and analysis of improvised explosives An examination of the Bali bombings and the use of mobile analytical techniques and mobile laboratories The collection, analysis, and presentation of evidence in vehicle-borne improvised explosive device cases, as evidenced in attacks on US overseas targets This volume offers valuable information to all members of prevention and post-blast teams. Each chapter was written by an expert or experts in a specific field and provides well-referenced information underlying best practices that can be used in the field, laboratory, conference room, classroom, or courtroom.

Canine Olfaction Science and Law

Canine Olfaction Science and Law
Author: Tadeusz Jezierski,John Ensminger,L. E. Papet
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2016-04-20
ISBN: 1482260271
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Canine Olfaction Science and Law Book Excerpt:

The value of the canine nose is well-documented, and working dogs are being utilized for their olfactory skills in an increasing number of fields. Not only are dogs used by police, security, and the military, but they are also now used in forensic science, in medical detection of disease, in calculating population trends of endangered species and e

Counter Terrorism for Emergency Responders Third Edition

Counter Terrorism for Emergency Responders  Third Edition
Author: Robert A. Burke
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1138
Release: 2017
ISBN: 9781498751957
Category: Emergencies
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counter Terrorism for Emergency Responders Third Edition Book Excerpt:

Using the authors many years of experience in emergency services and his skills as a hazardous materials consultant, prepares the first responder to handle everything from re-establishing control and on-scene triage to investigating the crime. Including information on pre-incident and avoidance tactics, the author also discusses monitoring and detection techniques, protective equipment and decontamination, and an extensive list of resource organizations and training opportunities. This up-to-date 3rd edition is written to provide concise information for emergency responders who might be called upon to confront explosive, chemical, nuclear, biological, or incendiary acts of terrorism.