Crime And Punishment In Istanbul

Author by : Fariba Zarinebaf
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 692
File Size : 49,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This vividly detailed revisionist history exposes the underworld of the largest metropolis of the early modern Mediterranean and through it the entire fabric of a complex, multicultural society. Fariba Zarinebaf maps the history of crime and punishment in Istanbul over more than one hundred years, considering transgressions such as riots, prostitution, theft, and murder and at the same time tracing how the state controlled and punished its unruly population. Taking us through the city's streets, workshops, and houses, she gives voice to ordinary people—the man accused of stealing, the woman accused of prostitution, and the vagabond expelled from the city. She finds that Istanbul in this period remains mischaracterized—in part by the sensational and exotic accounts of European travelers who portrayed it as the embodiment of Ottoman decline, rife with decadence, sin, and disease. Linking the history of crime and punishment to the dramatic political, economic, and social transformations that occurred in the eighteenth century, Zarinebaf finds in fact that Istanbul had much more in common with other emerging modern cities in Europe, and even in America.


Istanbul S Great War

Author by : Deniz Dölek-Sever
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 259
File Size : 47,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Mediterranean Encounters

Author by : Fariba Zarinebaf
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 263
File Size : 45,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Mediterranean Encounters traces the layered history of Galata—a Mediterranean and Black Sea port—to the Ottoman conquest, and its transformation into a hub of European trade and diplomacy as well as a pluralist society of the early modern period. Framing the history of Ottoman-European encounters within the institution of ahdnames (commercial and diplomatic treaties), this thoughtful book offers a critical perspective on the existing scholarship. For too long, the Ottoman empire has been defined as an absolutist military power driven by religious conviction, culturally and politically apart from the rest of Europe, and devoid of a commercial policy. By taking a close look at Galata, Fariba Zarinebaf provides a different approach based on a history of commerce, coexistence, competition, and collaboration through the lens of Ottoman legal records, diplomatic correspondence, and petitions. She shows that this port was just as cosmopolitan and pluralist as any large European port and argues that the Ottoman world was not peripheral to European modernity but very much part of it.


Selim Iii Social Control And Policing In Istanbul At The End Of The Eighteenth Century

Author by : Betül Başaran
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
Total Download : 638
File Size : 48,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In Selim III, Social Order and Policing in Istanbul at the End of the Eighteenth Century Betül Başaran examines Selim III’s social control measures and Istanbul’s dynamic population, urging us to go beyond mechanistic models of borrowing that focus primarily on European influence in discussions of Ottoman “modernity”.


Politics Of Honor In Ottoman Anatolia

Author by : Başak Tuğ
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 201
File Size : 42,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In Politics of Honor Başak Tuğ examines moral and gender order of mid-eighteenth-century Anatolia through petitions and court records to reveal the new and existing mechanisms of social surveillance to overcome imperial anxieties about provincial “disorder”.


Crime Poverty And Survival In The Middle East And North Africa

Author by : Stephanie Cronin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 393
File Size : 53,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The concept of the 'dangerous classes' was born in a rapidly urbanizing and industrializing nineteenth century Europe. It described all those who had fallen out of the working classes into the lower depths of the new societies, surviving by their wits or various amoral, disreputable or criminal strategies. This included beggars and vagrants, swindlers, pickpockets and burglars, prostitutes and pimps, ex-soldiers, ex-prisoners, tricksters, drug-dealers, the unemployed or unemployable, indeed every type of the criminal and marginal. This book examines the 'dangerous classes' in the Middle East and North Africa, their lives and the strategies they used to avoid, evade, cheat, placate or, occasionally, resist, the authorities. Chapters cover the narratives of their lives; their relationship with 'respectable' society; their political inclinations and their role in shaping systems and institutions of discipline and control and their representation in literature and in popular culture. The book demonstrates the liminality of the 'dangerous classes' and their capacity for re-invention. It also indicates the sharpening relevance of the concept to a Middle East and North Africa now in the grip of an almost permanent sense of crisis, its younger generations crippled by a pervasive sense of hopelessness, prone to petty crime and vulnerable to induction as foot soldiers into drug and people smuggling, petty gangsterism and jihadism.


Cosmopolitanisms In Muslim Contexts

Author by : Derryl N MacLean
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edinburgh University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 914
File Size : 45,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Focuses on moments in world history when cosmopolitan ideas and actions pervaded specific Muslim societies and cultures, exploring the tensions between regional cultures, isolated enclaves and modern nation-states.


Gender And Sexuality In Muslim Cultures

Author by : Gul Ozyegin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 873
File Size : 42,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A must-read for anyone interested in Muslim cultures, this volume not only explores Muslim identities through the lens of sexuality and gender - their historical and contemporary transformations and local and global articulations - but also interrogates our understanding of what constitutes a ’Muslim’ identity in selected Muslim-majority countries at this pivotal historical moment, characterized by transformative destabilizations in which national, ethnic, and religious boundaries are being re-imagined and re-made. Contributors take on the most fundamental questions at the intersections of gender, sexuality, and the body. Several overarching questions frame the volume: How does studying gender and sexuality expand and enrich our understanding of Muslim-majority countries, historically and at present? How does the embodiment of ’Muslim’ identity get reconfigured in the context of twenty-first-century globalism? What analytical questions are raised about ’Islam’ when its diverse meanings and multifaceted expressions are closely examined? What roles do gender and sexuality play in the construction of cultural, religious, nationalistic, communal, and militaristic identities? How have power struggles been signified in and on the bodies of women and sexuality? How have global dynamics, such as the intensification and spread of neoliberal ideologies and policies, affected changing dynamics of gender and sexuality in specific locales? Here global dynamics touch down in diverse contexts, from masculinity crises around war disabilities, transnational marriages, and fathering in Turkey, Egypt, and Pakistan; to Muslim femininity narratives around female genital cutting, sexuality in divorce proceedings, and spouse selection; to gender crossing practices as well as protesting bodies, queering voices, and claims of authenticity in literary and political discourse. This book brings exciting research on these and other topics together in one place, allowing the essa


Crime And Punishment In Islamic Law

Author by : Rudolph Peters
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 125
File Size : 51,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book, first published in 2006, is an account of the theory and practice of Islamic criminal law.


Bread From The Lion S Mouth

Author by : Suraiya Faroqhi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Berghahn Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
Total Download : 679
File Size : 50,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The newly awakened interest in the lives of craftspeople in Turkey is highlighted in this collection, which uses archival documents to follow Ottoman artisans from the late 15th century to the beginning of the 20th. The authors examine historical changes in the lives of artisans, focusing on the craft organizations (or guilds) that underwent substantial changes over the centuries. The guilds transformed and eventually dissolved as they were increasingly co-opted by modernization and state-building projects, and by the movement of manufacturing to the countryside. In consequence by the 20th century, many artisans had to confront the forces of capitalism and world trade without significant protection, just as the Ottoman Empire was itself in the process of dissolution.


What Everyone In Britain Should Know About Crime And Punishment

Author by : David Wilson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Blackstone Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
Total Download : 655
File Size : 50,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book stems from frustration: a frustration born of successive governments' insistence that 'prison works'; a frustration born of the knowledge of the realities of crime and punishment, and lastly, the kind of society we are becoming when we continue to police and incarcerate at the ratewe do. Since the publication of the first edition a real debate has begun about the 'war on drugs', and whilst we have continued to imprison at a rate higher than our European neighbours this book remains one of the few voices raised in opposition. Written with the support and direction of aneditorial committee of prison governors, criminologists, probation officers, ex-offenders and a prominent politician, this thought-provoking book gives you the inside story on crime and punishment in Britain. This second edition has been brought entirely up-to-date with a new chapter on the courtsand a discussion on the needs of victims. What Everyone in Britain Should Know About Crime and Punishment exposes our criminal justice system as a failure, lacking in justice and doing very little to tackle the causes of crime and catch offenders. Wilson and Ashton claim that despite the politicalrhetoric, the solutions to crime rarely lie with the police, courts, probation and prison services. Instead, they argue the solution is to be found through a greater emphasis on education, enhanced work opportunities and crime prevention, rather than the current obsession with how to punish anoffender. What Everyone in Britain Should Know About Crime and Punishment has been quoted extensively by journalists and political commentators and more importantly has engaged those members of the public who have a genuine interest in knowing the truth.


The Oxford Handbook Of Islamic Law

Author by : Anver M. Emon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 670
File Size : 55,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This volume provides a comprehensive survey of the contemporary study of Islamic law and a critical analysis of its deficiencies. Written by outstanding senior and emerging scholars in their fields, it offers an innovative historiographical examination of the field of Islamic law and an ideal introduction to key personalities and concepts. While capturing the state of contemporary Islamic legal studies by chronicling how far the field has come, the Handbook also explains why certain debates recur and indicates fundamental gaps in our knowledge. Each chapter presents bold new avenues for research and will help readers appreciate the contested nature of key concepts and topics in Islamic law. This Handbook will be a major reference work for scholars and students of Islam and Islamic law for years to come.


Islamic Law And Empire In Ottoman Cairo

Author by : James Baldwin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edinburgh University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 835
File Size : 43,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A study of Islamic law and political power in the Ottoman Empires richest provincial cityWhat did Islamic law mean in the early modern period, a world of great Muslim empires? Often portrayed as the quintessential jurists law, to a large extent it was developed by scholars outside the purview of the state. However, for the Sultans of the Ottoman Empire, justice was the ultimate duty of the monarch, and Islamic law was a tool of legitimation and governance. James E. Baldwin examines how the interplay of these two conceptions of Islamic law religious scholarship and royal justice undergirded legal practice in Cairo, the largest and richest city in the Ottoman provinces. Through detailed studies of the various formal and informal dispute resolution institutions and practices that formed the fabric of law in Ottoman Cairo, his book contributes to key questions concerning the relationship between the shariaa and political power, the plurality of Islamic legal practice, and the nature of centre-periphery relations in the Ottoman Empire.Key featuresOffers a new interpretation of the relationship between Islamic law and political powerPresents law as the key nexus connecting Egypt with the imperial capital Istanbul during the period of Ottoman decentralizationStudies judicial institutions such as the governors Diwan and the imperial council that have received little attention in previous scholarshipIntegrates the study of legal records with an analysis of how legal practice was represented in contemporary chroniclesProvides transcriptions and translations of a range of Ottoman legal documents


Women Crime And Punishment In Ancient Law And Society

Author by : Elisabeth Meier Tetlow
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 314
File Size : 52,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Crime and punishment, criminal law and its administration, are areas of ancient history that have been explored less than many other aspects of ancient civilizations. Throughout history women have been affected by crime both as victims and as offenders. Yet, in the ancient world customary laws were created by men, formal laws were written by men, and both were interpreted and enforced by men.


Law And Legality In The Ottoman Empire And Republic Of Turkey

Author by : Kent F. Schull
Languange : en
Publisher by : Indiana University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 248
File Size : 49,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The editors of this volume have gathered leading scholars on the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey to chronologically examine the sweep and variety of sociolegal projects being carried in the region. These efforts intersect issues of property, gender, legal literacy, the demarcation of village boundaries, the codification of Islamic law, economic liberalism, crime and punishment, and refugee rights across the empire and the Aegean region of the Turkish Republic.


Crime And Punishment

Author by : Fyodor Dostoevsky
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford Paperbacks
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
Total Download : 176
File Size : 51,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Supreme masterpiece tells the story of Raskolnikov, a student tormented by his own thoughts after he murders an old woman. Overwhelmed by guilt and terror, he confesses and goes to prison.


Crimes And Punishment

Author by : Harford Montgomery Hyde
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 710
File Size : 48,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Plague And Empire In The Early Modern Mediterranean World

Author by : Nükhet Varlik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 826
File Size : 52,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This is the first systematic scholarly study of the Ottoman experience of plague during the Black Death pandemic and the centuries that followed. Using a wealth of archival and narrative sources, including medical treatises, hagiographies, and travelers' accounts, as well as recent scientific research, Nükhet Varlik demonstrates how plague interacted with the environmental, social, and political structures of the Ottoman Empire from the late medieval through the early modern era. The book argues that the empire's growth transformed the epidemiological patterns of plague by bringing diverse ecological zones into interaction and by intensifying the mobilities of exchange among both human and non-human agents. Varlik maintains that persistent plagues elicited new forms of cultural imagination and expression, as well as a new body of knowledge about the disease. In turn, this new consciousness sharpened the Ottoman administrative response to the plague, while contributing to the makings of an early modern state.


The 1720 Imperial Circumcision Celebrations In Istanbul

Author by : Sinem Erdoğan İşkorkutan
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 582
File Size : 54,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book presents the holistic examination of the 1720 Ottoman imperial circumcision festival through a combined analysis of the hitherto unknown archival sources, contemporary narratives as well as book paintings.


International Human Rights Law And Crimes Against Women In Turkey

Author by : Ayşe Güneş
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 382
File Size : 41,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book evaluates the effectiveness of current international human rights law, and in particular the recent Istanbul Convention, in eradicating so-called honour killings in Turkey. So-called ‘honour killings’ have become an issue of concern for the international community. In Turkey, in particular, the practice still exists despite the adoption of the relevant human rights instruments. The book argues that the improvement of the status of women in Turkey in accordance with gender equality as well as the application of the principle of state due diligence, both requirements of the Istanbul Convention and international human rights law, are fundamental means towards eradicating the killing of women in the name of ‘honour’. Using feminist approaches, in particular the intersectionality approach, the study looks at the application of such standards as well as the current obstacles. Through such a lens, the study discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the Turkish Constitution, Turkish Civil Code, Turkish Penal Code and Law to Protect Family and Prevent Violence Against Women and questions the judicial approach to the implementation of the women’s right to life. It identifies the lacunae in the Turkish legislation that allow inadequate legal protection for women and the inconsistency of the judicial approach to the definition of the so-called honour killings in the judgements. The study then recommends some concrete amendments to the relevant legal provisions in order to better reflect the international framework and the feminist approaches. The book will be a valuable resource for academics, researchers and policy-makers in the areas of international human rights law and feminist legal theory.


Moral Crisis In The Ottoman Empire

Author by : Çigdem Oguz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 902
File Size : 47,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : To what extent did a perceived morality crisis play a role in the dramatic events of the last years of the Ottoman Empire? Beginning in the late nineteenth century when some of the Ottoman elites began to question the moral climate as evidence for the losses facing the empire, this book shows that during the course of World War I many social, economic, and political problems were translated into a discourse of moral decline, ultimately making morality a contested space between rival ideologies, identities, and intellectual currents. Examining the primary journals and printed sources that represented the various constituencies of the period, it fills important gaps in the scholarship of the Ottoman experience of World War I and the origins of Islamism and secularism in Turkey, and is essential reading for social and intellectual historians of the late Ottoman Empire.


Selling Sex In The City A Global History Of Prostitution 1600s 2000s

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 874
File Size : 50,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Selling Sex in the City offers a worldwide analysis of prostitution since 1600. It analyses more than 20 cities with an important sex industry and compares policies and social trends, coercion and agency, but also prostitutes' working and living conditions.


Prisons In The Late Ottoman Empire

Author by : Kent F (Binghamton University) Schull
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edinburgh University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
Total Download : 285
File Size : 45,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Contrary to the stereotypical images of torture, narcotics and brutal sexual abuse traditionally associated with Ottoman or 'Turkish' prisons, Kent Schull argues that, during the Second Constitutional Period (1908-1918), they played a crucial role in attempts to transform the empire.


The Illicit Economy In Turkey

Author by : Mahmut Cengiz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lexington Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 761
File Size : 53,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book examines the transnational expansion of the illicit economy in Turkey and the unintended consequences of corruption scandals at the highest levels of the Turkish government that have resulted in the purging of important law enforcement and intelligence entities formerly responsible for countering terrorism and organized crime threats.


World Criminal Justice Systems

Author by : Richard J. Terrill
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 327
File Size : 41,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This comparative text provides an understanding of major world criminal justice systems by discussing and comparing the systems of six of the world’s countries: England, France, Russia, China, Japan, and a new chapter on South Africa—each representative of a different type of legal system. An additional chapter on Islamic law uses Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Turkey as main examples. Political, historical, organizational, procedural, and critical issues confronting the justice systems are explained and analyzed. Each chapter contains material on government, police, judiciary, law, corrections, juvenile justice, and other critical issues.


Judgment At Istanbul

Author by : Vahakn N. Dadrian
Languange : en
Publisher by : Berghahn Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 865
File Size : 40,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Turkey's bid to join the European Union has lent new urgency to the issue of the Armenian Genocide as differing interpretations of the genocide are proving to be a major reason for the delay of the its accession. This book provides vital background information and is a prime source of legal evidence and authentic Turkish eyewitness testimony of the intent and the crime of genocide against the Armenians. After a long and painstaking effort, the authors, one an Armenian, the other a Turk, generally recognized as the foremost experts on the Armenian Genocide, have prepared a new, authoritative translation and detailed analysis of the Takvim-i Vekâyi, the official Ottoman Government record of the Turkish Military Tribunals concerning the crimes committed against the Armenians during World War I. The authors have compiled the documentation of the trial proceedings for the first time in English and situated them within their historical and legal context. These documents show that Wartime Cabinet ministers, Young Turk party leaders, and a number of others inculpated in these crimes were court-martialed by the Turkish Military Tribunals in the years immediately following World War I. Most were found guilty and received sentences ranging from prison with hard labor to death. In remarkable contrast to Nuremberg, the Turkish Military Tribunals were conducted solely on the basis of existing Ottoman domestic penal codes. This substitution of a national for an international criminal court stands in history as a unique initiative of national self-condemnation. This compilation is significantly enhanced by an extensive analysis of the historical background, political nature and legal implications of the criminal prosecution of the twentieth century's first state-sponsored crime of genocide.