Description : Criminals as Animals from Shakespeare to Lombroso demonstrates how animal metaphors have been used to denigrate persons identified as criminal in literature, law, and science. Its three-part history traces the popularization of the 'criminal beast' metaphor in late sixteenth-century England, the troubling of the trope during the long eighteenth century, and the late nineteenth-century discovery of criminal atavism. With chapters on rogue pamphlets, Shakespeare, Webster, Jonson, Defoe and Swift, Godwin, Dickens, and Lombroso, the book illustrates how ideologically inscribed metaphors foster transfers between law, penal practices, and literature. Criminals as Animals concludes that criminal-animal metaphors continue to negatively influence the treatment of prisoners, suspected terrorists, and the poor even today.
Description : In this book the author examines the illegal wildlife trade from multiple perspectives: the historical context, the impact on the environment, the scope of the problem internationally, the sociocultural demand for illegal products, the legal efforts to combat it, and several case studies from inside the trade. The illegal wildlife trade has become a global criminal enterprise, following in the footsteps of drugs and weapons. Beyond the environmental impact, financial profits from the illegal wildlife trade often fund organized crime groups and violent gangs that threaten public safety and security in myriad ways. This innovative volume covers several key questions surrounding the wildlife trade: why is there a demand for illegal wildlife products, which actors are involved in the trade, how is the business organized, and what are the harmful consequences. The author performed ethnographic fieldwork in three key markets: Russia, Morocco, and China, and has constructed a detailed picture of how the wildlife trade operates in these areas. Conversations with informants directly involved in the illegal business ensure unique insights into this lively black market. In the course of his journey the author follows the route of the illegal wildlife trade from poor poaching areas to rich business districts where corrupt officials, legally registered companies, wildlife farms and sophisticated criminal organizations all have a share. A fascinating look inside the world of poachers, smugglers and traders.
Description : The Fourth Edition of this highly successful text moves readers beyond often-mistaken common-sense understandings of crime by providing a rich introduction to how major scholars analyze crime. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Fourth Edition shows the real-world relevance of theory by illuminating how ideas about crime play a prominent role in shaping crime-control policies and compelling students to apply theories to the contemporary milieu.
Description : First published in 1948, this book may be described as Dame Edith Sitwell's personal notebook. It consists of essays on the subject of the general aspect of the plays-those great hymns to the principle and the glory of life, in which there are the same differences in nature, in matter, in light, in darkness, in movement, that we find in the universe, and in which the characters are so vast they seem each an element (Water, Hamlet; Air, Romeo and Juliet; Fire, King Lear) and which yet bear the stamp of our common humanity, made greater and more universal. There are long essays on King Lear, Macbeth, Othello and Hamlet. Dame Edith believes, with all humility, that she has discovered new sources of the inspiration of King Lear, throwing a new light on the whole play, and giving new meanings to the mad scenes, of an unsurpassable grandeur, depth, and terror. There are shorter essays also on other of the tragedies. The keynotes of many of the plays are examined (not all the plays are discussed), a phrase is studied and will be found to hold the whole meaning of the play. There are essays on many of the comedies, and long passages about the Fools and Clowns. Connecting levels are traced between the philosophies of the plays. There are, too, running commentaries on Shakespeare as that ' common-kissing Titan ', and, since the book is a personal notebook, the author makes copious quotations from the writings of Shakespearean scholars who have thrown light on the various aspects of which she treats, and from works on other subjects which also serve to illumine his mighty and many-sided genius. "Her reading is deep and personal; possibly nobody has ever read Shakespeare with an ear more sensitive to every sound and cadence." -Chicago Daily Tribune
Description : Known for its engaging and accessible writing style, this probing text covers the traditional areas of criminology, but also addresses questions of popular concern and policy debate, using systematic evidence to explore such topics as deterrence and incapacitation; race and social class; the rights of the accused; and domestic violence. Challenging readers to think about even the most obvious and commonsense ideas in terms of the evidence that might support or contradict it, the text delves even deeper, encouraging them to see the connection between abstract theoretical propositions and the reality they see everyday in their own lives and in the media. Using a highly perceptive, lively, and absorbing writing style to make serious ideas and evidence easily understandable to a wide range of readers, the book integrates interesting boxes throughout to bring experientially distant ideas closer and make concepts more relevant: "On Campus Boxes" highlight crime and other topical issues as they relate to campus life, and "Crime in the News Boxes" take items from newspapers to illustrate ideas and provide models for discussing current cases and issues. Reviewer Richard Wright from the University of Scranton says the text "...offers insightful typologies of crime—presenting a superb comparison of the interactionist; a cultural and structural explanation of homicide; a first rate discussion of felony murder; and exemplary sections on bookmaking and loansharks." Features new to this edition include an increased number of graphs and tables to help readers get a better grasp of quantitative data; chapter key terms, chapter outlines and a thorough end-of-book glossary for better understanding; and lucid discussions on Hirschi and Gottfredson's self-control theory, community policing, and date rape. For sociologist and criminologists.
Description : Provides a unique insight into the nature and true value of Victorian genre with reference to contmeporary sources throughout. Uncovers the real significance of the paintings discussed and what they meant to a contemporary public.