Description : Including twenty-one groundbreaking chapters that examine one of Shakespeare's most complex tragedies. Othello: Critical Essays explores issues of friendship and fealty, love and betrayal, race and gender issues, and much more.
Description : "Othello" has been called the greatest of Shakespeare's plays and also condemned as the most flawed of his major works. This collection of critical essays centres on race as the main concern of the play, highlighting the area as central to the understandin
Description : Originally published in 1988. Selections here are organised chronologically looking at both theatrical commentary and literary criticism. The organisation brings out the shifts in emphasis as each generation reinvents Shakespeare, and Othello, by the questions asked, those not asked, and the answers given. Chapters cover the theme of heroic action, Iago’s motivation, guilt and jealousy, and obsession. Some entries from the world of theatre delve into the portrayal of the Moor, Desdemona and Iago from the 1940s on. Authors include A. C. Bradley, William Hazlitt, Ellen Terry, Konstantin Stanislavsky, Helen Gardner and Edward A. Snow.
Description : In these essays, John O'Meara re-assesses both the tragic limitations and inherent promise of Romantic tradition in the interpretation of Shakespeare. The philosophical theory of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Anthroposophy, is brought forward as consummating that tradition. Building on concepts which Anthroposophy supplies O'Meara proceeds to a fresh reading of Shakespeare's work. A wide range of plays is covered from Richard II to The Tempest, with special focus on Othello and King Lear. The endings of these plays, O'Meara sees as pivotal to Shakespeare's evolution into a final phase prophetic of the Romantic experience to come which Steiner fulfils.
Description : It is almost as if Shakespeare had deliberately adapted this brutal murder tale to dare himself to find sympathy in the farthest extreme of human error. The three chief characters do grave - the gravest - wrong; and yet, plunged as they are into an atmosphere of sensuality, betrayal, and terror, to murder, lie, and scheme, they have yet persistently commanded the involvement and pity of their audiences. Herein would lie a crucial question for critics and actors seeking the true images of these characters: how can - and for the critics, why should - three such wrongdoers as Othello, Desdemona, and Iago win, so surely, so much care and compassion? Beginning here, the author sets out to discover how the complex, troubled characters of the play were interpreted by actors and critics from Shakespeare's time to the present. Starting with Burbage, Shakespeare's own "grieved Moor," Rosenberg re-creates the historic stage interpretations of Othello - by Betterton in the Restoration, by Booth, Quin, Garrick, Barry, and Kemble in the eighteenth century, by Kean, Macready, Irving, Booth, Forrest, and Salvini in the nineteenth, and by prominent actors of our own time. The great Iago characterizations are also here, and the Desdemonas in a line that includes Mrs. Siddons, Ellen Terry, and Sarah Bernhardt. The theater record is supplemented with comments on the characters provided by distinguished modern actors of the play. Then the author compares the acting interpretations with those of the critics, from old Rymer - who called Othello a "bloody farce" - to the most significant modern commentators. In some of the wittiest parts of the book, Rosenberg defends in turn Iago, Othello, Desdemona, and the play (and even Thomas Bowdler) from the attacks of their severest critics; but he finds it possible to reconcile the best critical characterizations with the best acting conceptions, and to propose a synthesis based on his own study and experience of the play. The author's study of the successive stage editings of the play - some of them to reduce playing time, others demanded by the taste and moral sense of each new age - provides a running commentary of social and cultural history, and shows how these cuttings affected, as well as revealed, the actors' concepts of the characters. Othello is the most erotic, the most sensual in language and imagery of the great tragedies, and its heavily sexual atmosphere, so suitable to the seventeenth century, offended later cultures: the eighteenth century tried to "refine" it, and the nineteenth - particularly the age of Victoria - to "refine refinement" - but the essential form of the play survived.
Description : Camus's landmark novel traces the aftermath of a shocking crime and the man whose fate is sealed with one rash and foolhardy act. The Stranger presents readers with a new kind of protagonist, a man unable to transcend the tedium and inherent absurdity of everyday existence in a world indifferent to the struggles and strivings of its human denizens. This addition to the Bloom's Guides series features an annotated bibliography and a listing of works by the author for further reading.
Description : The original CliffsNotes study guides offer expert commentary on major themes, plots, characters, literary devices, and historical background. The latest generation of titles in the series also feature glossaries and visual elements that complement the classic, familiar format. Betrayal and manipulation lie at the heart of Othello. Keep up with all the crosses and double-crosses of this tragic play with the CliffsNotes version of the play, which will help you form your own opinions about Iago's schemes, Othello's motives, and Desdemona's loyalty. Other features that help you study include Background information about the life and times of William Shakespeare to help you understand his influences A character map that graphically illustrates the relationships among the characters Glossaries to help you comprehend Shakespeare’s language Critical essays on the character pairs and major themes of the play A review section that tests your knowledge Classic literature or modern modern-day treasure — you'll understand it all with expert information and insight from CliffsNotes study guides.
Description : William Shakespeare Is Considered The Best Poet And Dramatist Of All Ages. His Tragic Drama Othello Has Been Popular Since Its First Perfor¬Mance At The Beginning Of The Seventeenth Century, With Both The Audience And The Readers. The Play Is Still Performed And Several Film Versions Have Also Appeared. The Play Generated Much Controversy And At The Same Time Created Some Genuine Interest In It. It Is, However, In The Theatre That We Can Fully Appreciate The Genius Of Shakespeare As A Dramatist. But In Order To Have A Proper Assessment Of A Play By Shakespeare, We Must Also Be Ready To Study It As Literature, Welcoming The Observations Of The Critics And Scholars, As They Help Us Come Closer To The Proper Meaning Of The Play.An Attempt Has Been Made In This Critical Study To Provide The Readers Of Othello With That Clear Insight Which May Help Them Comprehend The Play Properly, Enhancing Their Enjoyment Of The Play. Besides Discussing The Various Problems Connected With The Play, This Study Provides A Detailed Critical Analysis Of The Play, Scene By Scene, And Various Critical Approaches To The Play From The Seventeenth Century Upto The Modern Times. The Debates About The Real Identity Of The Dramatist, Continuing From The Beginning Right Up To The Present Time, Have Been Discussed And The Curious May Find In Them Enough Food For Thought. A Select Bibliography Has Also Been Provided For The Discerning Readers Who Want To Know More About The Play. A Number Of Questions Have Been Given At The End To Stimulate The Readers Interest In The Drama. As An Aid To The Smooth Reading Of The Play, A Glossary Of Difficult And Obscure Words And Terms Has Been Appended To The Book.It Is Hoped That The Present Book Will Prove Highly Useful To Both Students And Researchers Of English Literature. Even Those Engaged In Teaching Shakespearian Plays Will Find It Informative And Valuable.