Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops
Author: Victor Sadras,Daniel Calderini
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 778
Release: 2020-12-05
ISBN: 0128191953
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops Book Excerpt:

Crop Physiology: Case Histories of Major Crops updates the physiology of broad-acre crops with a focus on the genetic, environmental and management drivers of development, capture and efficiency in the use of radiation, water and nutrients, the formation of yield and aspects of quality. These physiological process are presented in a double context of challenges and solutions. The challenges to increase plant-based food, fodder, fiber and energy against the backdrop of population increase, climate change, dietary choices and declining public funding for research and development in agriculture are unprecedented and urgent. The proximal technological solutions to these challenges are genetic improvement and agronomy. Hence, the premise of the book is that crop physiology is most valuable when it engages meaningfully with breeding and agronomy. With contributions from 92 leading scientists from around the world, each chapter deals with a crop: maize, rice, wheat, barley, sorghum and oat; quinoa; soybean, field pea, chickpea, peanut, common bean, lentil, lupin and faba bean; sunflower and canola; potato, cassava, sugar beet and sugarcane; and cotton. A crop-based approach to crop physiology in a G x E x M context Captures the perspectives of global experts on 22 crops

Dry Beans and Pulses Production Processing and Nutrition

Dry Beans and Pulses Production  Processing  and Nutrition
Author: Muhammad Siddiq,Mark A. Uebersax
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2021-12-15
ISBN: 1119777135
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dry Beans and Pulses Production Processing and Nutrition Book Excerpt:

Dry Beans and Pulses The second edition of the most complete and authoritative reference on dry beans production, processing, and nutrition available Since the first edition of Dry Beans and Pulses: Production, Processing, and Nutrition was published in 2012, the popularity of pulse crops as sustainable, nutritionally-rich food ingredients for alternate meat and other food products has increased significantly beyond traditional utilization. Retaining its distinctive value-chain approach to the subject, the new edition is fully revised to provide up-to-date coverage of breeding, composition, quality, nutritional profiles, postharvest and processing technologies, food safety and security, significance to human health, and more. A team of more than fifty contributors review recent research, consumer trends, new products, and food security issues in dry beans processing and value-added practices. New chapters address Hard-to-cook phenomenon and other storage-induced quality defects, quality assessment of raw and processed legumes using innovative technologies, utilization of dry beans and pulses as ingredients in diverse food products, and the production, processing, and nutritional profile of Faba beans and chickpeas and lentils. Covering both traditional and non-traditional bean classes, this comprehensive volume: Features new topics, expanded discussion, updated references, and additional figures and tables throughout Provides in-depth information on key aspects of production technologies, value-added processing, and Culinology® Examines global production and consumption, packaging and distribution, and nutrient bioavailability of bioactive compounds Highlights worldwide efforts to improve the quality and utilization of dry beans and pulses Discusses emerging trends and new applications of antioxidant properties of dry beans as functional foods Features chapters written by experts in disciplines such as crop science, horticulture, food science and technology, food biochemistry and engineering, and nutritional and environmental sciences Dry Beans and Pulses: Production, Processing, and Nutrition, Second Edition remains required reading for food scientists, nutritionists, agronomists, researchers, food processing specialists, and food security experts, food engineers and chemists involved in dry beans processing and value-added technologies.

Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food Biotechnology

Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food Biotechnology
Author: Spiros Paramithiotis,Vasco Ariston De Carvalho4 Azevedo,Didier Montet
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2022-04-29
ISBN: 0323886337
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food Biotechnology Book Excerpt:

Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food Biotechnology: Innovations and Functional Aspects describes the latest advancements in LAB applications in the development of functional foods and fermented foods, biotechnological products using LAB, i.e., bio chemicals (organic acids, bacteriocins, etc.), bioactive and functional biomolecules, comparative genomics of probiotic LAB, and genetically modified LAB in food industry. Bridging the gap between LAB-mediated fermented foods and bioactive compounds, vis-a-vis molecular aspects, this book enables the transition from research to application. The book details applications of LAB in fermented/functional foods including cereals, vegetables, fish, meat cheese, other dairy products, and much more. Other sections cover their biochemistry and biotechnology aspects, bio preservation by bio molecules produced by LAB, bioactive metabolites and biosurfactants, including their value in health and wellness and exploring the genomics of LAB from food to health. Finally, the book addresses genetically modified lactic acid bacteria in food and beverages. Identifies biomolecules released by LAB into foods and their health benefits Describes natural biopreservation by LAB, mechanisms, food safety issues and disease prevention Includes LAB as probiotics, modulation of gut microbiota and health aspects Addresses potentially negative aspects of LAB in producing biogenic amines and health impacts Presents the pros and cons of genetically modified LAB in food industry

Crop Physiology

Crop Physiology
Author: L. T. Evans,Lloyd Thomas Evans
Publsiher: CUP Archive
Total Pages: 374
Release: 1975-02-20
ISBN: 9780521204224
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crop Physiology Book Excerpt:

Crops and world food supply, crop evolution, and the origins of crop physiology; maize; sugar cane; rice; wheat; soybean; pea; potato; sugar beet; cotton; The physiological basis of crop yield.

Mineral Nutrition of Rice

Mineral Nutrition of Rice
Author: N.K. Fageria
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 586
Release: 2013-08-22
ISBN: 1466558067
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mineral Nutrition of Rice Book Excerpt:

The third most important cereal crop after wheat and corn, rice is a staple food for more than half of the world’s population. This includes regions of high population density and rapid growth, indicating that rice will continue to be a major food crop in the next century. Mineral Nutrition of Rice brings together a wealth of information on the ecophysiology and nutrient requirements of rice. Compiling the latest scientific research, the book explains how to manage essential nutrients to maximize rice yield. The book examines 15 essential or beneficial nutrients used in irrigated, upland, and floating rice across a range of geographic regions. For each mineral, the text details the cycle in the soil–plant system as well as the mineral’s functions, deficiency symptoms, uptake in plants, harvest index, and use efficiency. It then outlines management practices, covering application methods and timing, adequate rates, the use of efficient genotypes, and more. The author, an internationally recognized expert in mineral nutrition for crop plants, also proposes recommendations for the judicious use of fertilizers to reduce the cost of crop production and the risk of environmental pollution. Color photographs help readers identify nutrient deficiency symptoms and take the necessary corrective measures. Packed with useful tables and illustrations, this comprehensive reference guides readers who want to know how to increase rice yield, reduce production costs, and avoid environmental pollution from fertilizers. It offers practical information for those working in agricultural research fields, in laboratories, and in classrooms around the world.

History of Soybeans and Soyfoods in Iowa 1854 2021

History of Soybeans and Soyfoods in Iowa  1854 2021
Author: William Shurtleff; Akiko Aoyagi
Publsiher: Soyinfo Center
Total Pages: 1800
Release: 2021-08-10
ISBN: 1948436469
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Soybeans and Soyfoods in Iowa 1854 2021 Book Excerpt:

The world's most comprehensive, well documented, and well illustrated book on this subject. With extensive subject and geographic index. 325 photographs and illustrations - many color. Free of charge in digital PDF format.

An Introduction to Crop Physiology

An Introduction to Crop Physiology
Author: F. L. Milthorpe,J. Moorby
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 1980-01-24
ISBN: 9780521226240
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Crop Physiology Book Excerpt:

This 1974 book was made available as a second edition in 1979. It provides an understanding of the ways in which the various physiological processes are integrated to produce the responses shown by whole plants growing in the variable environment in the field, whilst stressing the quantitative aspects of these relationships. This was the first general text to attempt such a treatment, thereby digesting much material that had been found only in research papers or detailed monographs and complementing the reductionist approach of most standard texts of plant physiology. Most of the subject matter concerns agricultural systems, but many of the concepts and approaches are applicable to more complex natural ecosystems. Emphasis is placed on integrating knowledge from many sources and on trying to assess quantitatively the importance of each component. The result is a comprehensive account making the book a valuable background for all interested in the study of plants in the field.

PLANT BREEDING METHODS

PLANT BREEDING METHODS
Author: MAHABAL RAM
Publsiher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Total Pages: 724
Release: 2014-10-01
ISBN: 8120348508
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PLANT BREEDING METHODS Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive book provides a detailed account of the plant breeding methodology, covering particularly pre- and post-Green Revolution era. It elaborates on plant breeding and gene manipulation, utilization of self-incompatibility in developing hybrids, different plant breeding methods for development of crop varieties and hybrids in self- and cross-pollinated crops, nature of gene action and genotype–environment interaction. The text discusses gene manipulation in the crop plant and transfer of genes from wild species to cultivated crops, application of biotechnology in plant breeding, and genetic engineering and transgenic molecular markers as breeding tools and their limitations. It concludes with a discussion on physiologic breeding approach and new plant ideotype concepts which are new and emerging areas of interest in plant breeding research. The book will be of immense use to undergraduate and postgraduate students of Agricultural Sciences and Botany for their course study. Besides, research scholars and professionals will also find the book as an excellent source of reference.

EVOLUTION OF THE YIELDING AND COMBINING ABILITIES IN ANDIGENA POTATOES AFTER SIX CYCLES OF RECURRENT PHENOTYPIC SELECTION

EVOLUTION OF THE YIELDING AND COMBINING ABILITIES IN ANDIGENA POTATOES AFTER SIX CYCLES OF RECURRENT PHENOTYPIC SELECTION
Author: FRANCISCO JUAN MUÑOZ
Publsiher: INIAP Archivo Historico
Total Pages: 97
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

EVOLUTION OF THE YIELDING AND COMBINING ABILITIES IN ANDIGENA POTATOES AFTER SIX CYCLES OF RECURRENT PHENOTYPIC SELECTION Book Excerpt:

History of Research on Nitrogen Fixation in Soybeans 1887 2018

History of Research on Nitrogen Fixation in Soybeans  1887 2018
Author: William Shurtleff; Akiko Aoyagi
Publsiher: Soyinfo Center
Total Pages: 1129
Release: 2018-11-26
ISBN: 1948436000
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Research on Nitrogen Fixation in Soybeans 1887 2018 Book Excerpt:

This is the world's most comprehensive, well documented, and well illustrated book on this subject. With extensive subject and geographical index. 91 photographs and illustrations - mostly color, Free of charge.

History of Soybean Physiology and Botany Research 250 BCE to 2021

History of Soybean Physiology and Botany Research  250 BCE to 2021
Author: William Shurtleff; Akiko Aoyagi
Publsiher: Soyinfo Center
Total Pages: 986
Release: 2021-07-19
ISBN: 1948436442
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Soybean Physiology and Botany Research 250 BCE to 2021 Book Excerpt:

The world's most comprehensive, well documented, and well illustrated book on this subject. With extensive subject and geographic index. 80 photographs and illustrations - many color. Free of charge in digital PDF format.

Seed Biology and Yield of Grain Crops 2nd Edition

Seed Biology and Yield of Grain Crops  2nd Edition
Author: Dennis B Egli
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 231
Release: 2017-02-23
ISBN: 1780647700
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seed Biology and Yield of Grain Crops 2nd Edition Book Excerpt:

This new edition of an established title examines the determination of grain crop yield from a unique perspective, by concentrating on the influence of the seed itself. As the food supply for an expanding world population is based on grain crops harvested for their seeds, understanding the process of seed growth and its regulation is crucial to our efforts to increase production and meet the needs of that population. Yield of grain crops is determined by their assimilatory processes such as photosynthesis and the biosynthetic processes in the seed, which are partly regulated within the seed itself. Substantially updated with new research and further developments of the practical applications of the concepts explored, this book is essential reading for those concerned with seed science and crop yield, including agronomists, crop physiologists, plant breeders, and extension workers. It is also a valuable source of information for lecturers and graduate students of agronomy and plant physiology.

Journal of Plantation Crops

Journal of Plantation Crops
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1974
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Botany, Economic
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Plantation Crops Book Excerpt:

Wheat

Wheat
Author: E H Satorre,Gustavo A Slafer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 503
Release: 1999-05-06
ISBN: 9781560228745
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wheat Book Excerpt:

Discussing the latest processes involved in researching yield generation, Wheat: Ecology and Physiology of Yield Determination will help you design various types of crop production systems for maximum yield. Featuring information on developing high-yielding, low-input, and quality-oriented systems, this book offers you both physiological and ecological approaches that will help you understand the crop as well as increase its production. Discussing aspects of wheat growth for specific regions around the world, Wheat provides you with information that will improve the size and quality of your crops, including: how temperature, vernalization, and the photoperiod affect the development of wheat using the correct amount of nitrogen fertilizers for wheat crops an explanation of the reproduction and nitrogen cycles of wheat how elements and conditions such as lipids, proteins, nitrogen, and climate enhance grain quality estimating and determining optimal sowing dates examining factors that may affect wheat yield-density relationships, such as planting arrangement and date of sowing preventing seed decay and examining effects of mildews and leaf blights examining historical trends of the crop to see what further research needs to be done You'll also receive information on the genetic gains in wheat research that are improving the physiological traits and numerical components of this essential grain. Within Wheat, you'll find data and methods from international experts in the field that will improve the yield and growth of the world's most important crop.

Phosphorus Management in Crop Production

Phosphorus Management in Crop Production
Author: Nand Kumar Fageria,Zhenli He,Virupax C. Baligar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2017-02-17
ISBN: 1351667173
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phosphorus Management in Crop Production Book Excerpt:

The world population is projected to reach nine billion by 2050, and in the coming years, global food demand is expected to increase by 50% or more. Higher crop productivity gains in the future will have to be achieved in developing countries through better natural resources management and crop improvement. After nitrogen, phosphorus (P) has more widespread influence on both natural and agricultural ecosystems than any other essential plant element. It has been estimated that 5.7 billion hectares of land worldwide contain insufficient amounts of available P for sustainable crop production, and P deficiency in crop plants is a widespread problem in various parts of the world. However, it has been estimated that worldwide minable P could last less than 40 years. For sustaining future food supplies, it is vital to enhance plant P use efficiency. To bring the latest knowledge and research advances in efficient management of P for economically viable and environmentally beneficial crop production in sustainable agriculture, Phosphorus Management in Crop Production contains chapters covering functions and diagnostic techniques for P requirements in crop plants, P use efficiency and interactions with other nutrients in crop plants, management of P for optimal crop production and environmental quality, and basic principles and methodology regarding P nutrition in crop plants. The majority of research data included are derived from many years of field, greenhouse, and lab work, hence the information is practical in nature and will have a significant impact on efficient management of P-fertilizers to enhance P use efficiency, improve crop production, promote sustainable agriculture, and reduce P losses through eluviations, leaching, and erosion to minimize environmental degradation. A comprehensive book that combines practical and applied information, Phosphorus Management in Crop Production is an excellent reference for students, professors, agricultural research scientists, food scientists, agricultural extension specialists, private consultants, fertilizer companies, and government agencies that deal with agricultural and environmental issues.

Handbook of Photosynthesis

Handbook of Photosynthesis
Author: Mohammad Pessarakli
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 846
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN: 1315360195
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Photosynthesis Book Excerpt:

Since the publication of the previous editions of the Handbook of Photosynthesis, many new ideas on photosynthesis have emerged in the past decade that have drawn the attention of experts and researchers on the subject as well as interest from individuals in other disciplines. Updated to include 37 original chapters and making extensive revisions to the chapters that have been retained, 90% of the material in this edition is entirely new. With contributions from over 100 authors from around the globe, this book covers the most recent important research findings. It details all photosynthetic factors and processes under normal and stressful conditions, explores the relationship between photosynthesis and other plant physiological processes, and relates photosynthesis to plant production and crop yields. The third edition also presents an extensive new section on the molecular aspects of photosynthesis, focusing on photosystems, photosynthetic enzymes, and genes. New chapters on photosynthesis in lower and monocellular plants as well as in higher plants are included in this section. The book also addresses growing concerns about excessive levels and high accumulation rates of carbon dioxide due to industrialization. It considers plant species with the most efficient photosynthetic pathways that can help improve the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Completely overhauled from its bestselling predecessors, the Handbook of Photosynthesis, Third Edition provides a nearly entirely new source on the subject that is both comprehensive and timely. It continues to fill the need for an authoritative and exhaustive resource by assembling a global team of experts to provide thorough coverage of the subject while focusing on finding solutions to relevant contemporary issues related to the field.

Physiology of Crop Production

Physiology of Crop Production
Author: N.K. Fageria,V.C. Baligar,Ralph Clark
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 345
Release: 2006-05-16
ISBN: 9781560222897
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physiology of Crop Production Book Excerpt:

This single volume explores the theoretical and the practical aspects of crop physiological processes around the world The marked decrease over the past century in the land available for crop production has brought about mounting pressure to increase crop yields, especially in developing nations. Physiology of Crop Production provides cutting-edge research and data for complete coverage of the physiology of crop production, all in one source, right at your fingertips. This valuable reference gives the extensive in-depth information soil and crop professionals need to maximize crop productivity anywhere the world. Leading soil and plant scientists and researchers clearly explain theory, practical applications, and the latest advances in the field. Crop physiology is a vital science needed to understand crop growth and development to facilitate increases of plant yield. Physiology of Crop Production presents a wide range of information and references from varying regions of the world to make the book as complete and broadly focused as possible. Discussion in each chapter is supported by experimental data to make this book a superb resource that will be used again and again. Chapter topics include plant and root architecture, growth and yield components, photosynthesis, source-sink relationship, water use efficiency, crop yield relative to water stress, and active and passive ion transport. Several figures and tables accompany the extensive referencing to provide a detailed, in-depth look at every facet of crop production. Physiology of Crop Production explores management strategies for: ideal plant architecture maximizing root systems ideal yield components maximizing photosynthesis maximizing source-sink relationship sequestration of carbon dioxide reducing the effects of drought improving N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S nutrition improving micronutrient uptake Physiology of Crop Production is an essential desktop resource for plant physiologists, soil and crop scientists, breeders, agronomists, agronomy administrators in agro-industry, educators, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students.

Handbook of Flowering

Handbook of Flowering
Author: Abraham H. Halevy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2018-01-18
ISBN: 1351080989
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Flowering Book Excerpt:

These volumes are an exhaustive source of information on the control and regulation of flowering. They present data on the factors controlling flower induction and how they may be affected by climate and chemical treatments. For each plant, specific information is provided on all aspects of flower development, including sex expression, requirements for flowering initiation and development, photoperiod, light density, vernalization, and other temperature effects and interactions. Individual species are described from the standpoint of juvenility and maturation, morphology, induction and morphogenesis to anthesis. All information is presented alphabetically for easy reference

Nitrogen Cycling in Ecosystems of Latin America and the Caribbean

Nitrogen Cycling in Ecosystems of Latin America and the Caribbean
Author: G. Philip Robertson,R. Herrera,T. Rosswall
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400976399
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrogen Cycling in Ecosystems of Latin America and the Caribbean Book Excerpt:

The large and rapidly expanding body ofliterature related to nitrogen cycling in both managed and native terrestrial ecosystems reflects the importance accorded to the behaviour of this vital and often limiting nutrient. Research at the organism, ecosystem and landscape levels commonly addresses questions concerning nitrogen acquisition, internal cycling and retention. Goals for this research include increased agricultural productivity and a better understanding of human impact on local, regional and global nitrogen cycles. Nitrogen cycle research in tropical regions has a long and distinguished history. Research on different aspects of nitrogen cycling in ecosystems of the tropics has been carried out in many regions. In relatively few instances has there, however, been a focus on the biogeochemical cycles at the ecosystem level. The meeting resulting in this volume was an attempt to bring together existing information on nitrogen cycling in ecosystems of Latin America and the Caribbean and discuss this in an ecosystem context.

Genetic Improvement of Field Crops

Genetic Improvement of Field Crops
Author: Slafer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 488
Release: 1993-10-07
ISBN: 9780824789800
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Improvement of Field Crops Book Excerpt:

Outlining successful breeding techniques to augment the yields of the world's major crops, this reference analyzes the physiological and genetic basis for past and potential future increases in crop yields.;Covering crops with wide differences in morphology, photosynthetic rates, and nitrogen metabolisms, Genetic Improvement of Field Crops: investigates the changes produced by breeders in the physiological attributes affecting wheat grain yield and nitrogen content during the last century; discusses those crop characteristics of oats that have already been altered or might be manipulated through breeding to further increase yield potential; describes several genetic factors responsible for both yield potential and stress resistance in barley; offers insights into the relationship between increases in the yield potential and stress tolerance of corn; examines the evolution of sunflower crop yields and yield stability and estimates the contribution of improved cultivars; evaluates the effects of breeding on tuber characteristics related to the crop growth and yield of the potato; elucidates the possibilities for simultaneous improvement of yield and fiber strength in cotton; and identifies the features to be considered in the development of high yielding varieties of rice for different agricultural systems.;Providing nearly 1600 key literature citations allowing further in-depth study of particular topics, Genetic Improvement of Field Crops is for plant physiologists and breeders, crop and agricultural scientists, agronomists, biochemists, geneticists, biotechnologists, microbiologists, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.