Cross Cultural Issues In Bioethics

Author by : Heiner Roetz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rodopi
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Description : Human cloning is a main focus of current bioethical discussion. Involving the self-understanding of the human species, it has become one of the most debated topics in biomedical ethics, not only on the national, but also on the international level. This book brings together articles by bioethicists from several countries who address questions of human cloning within the context of different cultural, religious and regional settings against the background of globalizing biotechnology. It explores on a cross-cultural level the problems and opportunities of global bioethics.


Cross Cultural Perspectives In Medical Ethics

Author by : Robert M. Veatch
Languange : en
Publisher by : Jones & Bartlett Learning
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Total Read : 93
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Description : Cross- Cultural Perspectives in Medical Ethics, Second Edition, is an anthology of the latest and best readings on the medical ethics of as many of the major religious, philosophical, and medical traditions that are available today.


Cross Cultural Perspectives On The Im Possibility Of Global Bioethics

Author by : J. Tao Lai Po-wah
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : The contributions to this volume grew out of papers presented at an international conference Individual, Community & Society: Bioethics in the Third Millennium, held in Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, between 25-28 May 1999. The conference was organized by the Centre for Comparative Public Management and Social Policy, and Ethics in Contemporary China Research Group, in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at the City University of Hong Kong. The conference brought together scholars from east and west to investigate the challenges to caring and to traditional moral authorities that would confront bioethics in the third millennium. They explored the implications of moral loss and moral diversity in post-traditional and post-modern societies, and how these would shape the character of medical care and bioethics discourse in the new era. A proceedings volume under the same title of Individual, Community & Society: Bioethics in the Third Millennium, was published in May 1999 for the conference meeting.


A Cross Cultural Dialogue On Health Care Ethics

Author by : Harold Coward
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
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Total Read : 15
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Description : The ethical theories employed in health care today assume, in the main, a modern Western philosophical framework. Yet the diversity of cultural and religious assumptions regarding human nature, health and illness, life and death, and the status of the individual suggest that a cross-cultural study of health care ethics is needed. A Cross-Cultural Dialogue on Health Care Ethics provides this study. It shows that ethical questions can be resolved by examining the ethical principles present in each culture, critically assessing each value, and identifying common values found within all traditions, It encourages the development of global awareness and sensitivity to and respect for the diversity of peoples and their values and will advance understanding as well as help to foster a greater balance and a fuller truth in consideration of the human condition and what makes for health and wholeness.


Islamic Bioethics Current Issues And Challenges

Author by : Bagheri Alireza
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Scientific
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Description : Islamic Bioethics presents a wide variety of perspectives and debates on how Islamic societies deal with the ethical dilemmas raised by biomedicine and new technologies. The book is a "constructive dialogue" between contributors selected from a multidisciplinary group of Muslim and non-Muslim scholars from different Islamic countries. The 11 chapters illuminate the diversity and complexity of the issues discussed in Islamic bioethics and pave the way to a better understanding of Islamic bioethics and dialogue in the global bioethics community. The chapters take both theoretical and practical approaches to the topic, and each covers an emerging issue in Islamic bioethics. This book will be useful for academics and professional institutions in both Islamic and non-Islamic countries, and will be instrumental in providing researchers, scholars, students, policymakers and medical professionals with access to the latest issues and debates related to Islamic bioethics. Contributors include: Tariq Ramadan, Abdallah Daar, Ali Albar, Mohsin Ebrahim, Baharouddin Azizan Alastair Campbel, Bagher Larijani, Carol Taylor, Gamal Serour, James Rusthoven, Ilhan Ilkilic, Ingrid Mattson, Hassan Chamsi-Pasha, Jonathan Crane, Hakan Ertin, Mehunisha Suleman. Contents: Islamic Ethics: Sources, Methodology and Application (T Ramadan)Islamic Bioethics: Infrastructure and Capacity Building (A Bagheri)What Islamic Bioethics Can Offer to Global Bioethics (A Bagheri et al.)Gender and Sexuality in Islamic Bioethics (I Mattson)Physician-Patient Relationship in Islamic Context (M Al Bar & H Chamsi-Pasha)Islamic Perspective on Brain Death and Organ Transplantation (M Ebrahim)The Stem Cell Debate in Islamic Bioethics (H Ertin & I Ilkilic)Environmental Ethics in Islam (A Baharuddin & M N Musa)Animal Rights in Islam (B Larijani et al.)Biomedical Research Ethics in the Islamic Context: Reflections on and Challenges for Islamic Bioethics (M Suleman)Challenges in Islamic Bioethics (K Alali et al.) Readership: Healthcare professionals, health policy makers, physicians and nurses, lawyers academics, researchers, graduate students and lay public. Keywords: Islamic Bioethics;Bioethics;Biomedical Ethics;Medical Ethics;IslamReview: Key Features: Provides a platform for a better understanding of bioethical issues in Islamic context and how an ethical dilemma is dealt with and how decisions are made in Islamic bioethics from a multidisciplinary group of scholarsBioethical topics presented in this volume are the most critical issues in Islamic bioethics as well as global bioethicsEach chapter presents an update of a bioethical topic and/or challenges in Islamic bioethics from an authoritative bioethics/religious scholarIn an innovative approach this volume presents a constructive dialogue between prominent Muslim and Non-Muslim scholars on Islamic bioethics


Handbook Of Immigrant Health

Author by : Sana Loue
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
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Description : Here is the first comprehensive cross-disciplinary work to examine the current health situation of our immigrants, successfully integrating the vast literature of diverse fields -- epidemiology, health services research, anthropology, law, medicine, social work, health promotion, and bioethics -- to explore the richness and diversity of the immigrant population from a culturally-sensitive perspective. This unequalled resource examines methodological issues, issues in clinical care and research, health and disease in specific immigrant populations, patterns of specific diseases in immigrant groups in the US, and conclusive insight towards the future. Complete with 73 illustrations, this singular book is the blueprint for where we must go in the future.


Global Health

Author by : Solomon Benatar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Total Read : 94
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Description : Addressing global health is one of the largest challenges facing humanity in the 21st century, however, this task is becoming even more formidable with the accelerated destruction of the planet. Building on the success of the previous edition, the book outlines how progress towards improving global health relies on understanding its core social, economic, political, environmental and ideological aspects. A multi-disciplinary group of authors suggest not only theoretically compelling arguments for what we must do, but also provide practical recommendations as to how we can promote global health despite contemporary constraints. The importance of cross-cultural dialogue and utilisation of ethical tools in tackling global health problems is emphasised. Thoroughly updated, new or expanded topics include: mass displacement of people; novel threats, including new infectious diseases; global justice; and ecological ethics and planetary sustainability. Offering a diverse range of perspectives, this volume is essential for bioethicists, public health practitioners and philosophers.


Cultural Differences And The Practice Of Sexual Medicine

Author by : David L. Rowland
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
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Description : The aim of this book is twofold: to promote an awareness of cultural differences in connection with sexual medicine among health care providers, and to demonstrate how such differences are relevant to the care and treatment of patients with sexual issues. Individual sexuality represents the cumulative effects of biological, psychological, and cultural influences. Yet much of the study of sexuality—including issues ranging from sexual identity to sexual response—has been conducted through a Western lens. Although a substantial body of work in anthropology has taken up the study of human sexuality from a cross-cultural perspective, two points are notable. First, this work seldom crosses the desks of medical and psychological health practitioners, and second, the relevance of specific cultural differences is rarely apparent to the typical sexual health practitioner. To address this situation, this book adopts a global perspective, focusing on how cultural practices and values can impact health care, treatment, and outcomes. In this regard, it covers three broad domains: Sexual Identity and Orientation; Sexual Response and Dysfunction; and Sexual Diversity. Each chapter consists of two parts: a general description of the relevant issues, and a discussion of how these issues can be relevant to clinical practice. The book offers a valuable, practical tool for specialists in sexual medicine and sexual psychology, for sexual healthcare givers, and for sexological researchers who want to better serve their patients by developing an awareness of and sensitivity to cultural differences, and by providing a framework for dealing with issues of sexuality and sexual health that takes cultural values into consideration, while adhering to best practices in patient care.


Ethical Challenges In Multi Cultural Patient Care

Author by : H. Russell Searight
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Total Read : 15
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Description : This book provides an up-to-date description of cross-cultural aspects of end-of-life decision-making. The work places this discussion in the context of developments in the United States such as the emphasis on patient informed consent, “right to die” legal cases, and the federal Patient Self-Determination Act. With the globalization of health care and increased immigration from developing to developed countries, health care professionals are experiencing unique challenges in communicating with seriously ill patients and their families about treatment options as well as counselling all patients about advance medical care planning. While many Western countries emphasize individual autonomy and patient-centered decision-making, cultures with a greater collectivist orientation have, historically, often protected patients from negative health information and emphasized family-centered decision-making. In order to place these issues in context, the history of informed consent in medicine is reviewed. Additionally, cross-cultural issues in health care decision-making are analysed from the perspective of multiple philosophical theories including deontology, utilitarianism, virtues, principlism, and communitarian ethics. This book is a valuable addition to courses on end-of-life care, death and dying, cross-cultural health, medical anthropology, and medical ethics and an indispensable guide for healthcare workers dealing with patients coming from various cultural backgrounds.


Global Health

Author by : Martin Kappas
Languange : en
Publisher by : Universitätsverlag Göttingen
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Bioethics Across The Globe

Author by : Akira Akabayashi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 58
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Description : This open access book addresses a variety of issues relating to bioethics, in order to initiate cross-cultural dialogue. Beginning with the history, it introduces various views on bioethics, based on specific experiences from Japan. It describes how Japan has been confronted with Western bioethics and the ethical issues new to this modern age, and how it has found its foothold as it decides where it stands on these issues. In the last chapter, the author proposes discarding the overarching term 'Global Bioethics' in favor of the new term, 'Bioethics Across the Globe (BAG)', which carries a more universal connotation. This book serves as an excellent tool to help readers understand a different culture and to initiate deep and genuine global dialogue that incorporates local and global thinking on bioethics. Bioethics Across the Globe is a valuable resource for researchers in the field of bioethics/medical ethics interested in adopting cross-cultural approaches, as well as graduate and undergraduate students of healthcare and philosophy. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.


Japanese Culture Through Videogames

Author by : Rachael Hutchinson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Examining a wide range of Japanese videogames, including arcade fighting games, PC-based strategy games and console JRPGs, this book assesses their cultural significance and shows how gameplay and context can be analyzed together to understand videogames as a dynamic mode of artistic expression. Well-known titles such as Final Fantasy, Metal Gear Solid, Street Fighter and Katamari Damacy are evaluated in detail, showing how ideology and critique are conveyed through game narrative and character design as well as user interface, cabinet art, and peripherals. This book also considers how ‘Japan’ has been packaged for domestic and overseas consumers, and how Japanese designers have used the medium to express ideas about home and nation, nuclear energy, war and historical memory, social breakdown and bioethics. Placing each title in its historical context, Hutchinson ultimately shows that videogames are a relatively recent but significant site where cultural identity is played out in modern Japan. Comparing Japanese videogames with their American counterparts, as well as other media forms, such as film, manga and anime, Japanese Culture Through Videogames will be useful to students and scholars of Japanese culture and society, as well as Game Studies, Media Studies and Japanese Studies more generally.


Genethics And Religion

Author by : Georg Pfleiderer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
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Total Read : 64
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Description : Human gene and cell technology is a diverse and rapidly evolving field of research. As genes represent the 'blueprint' of an organism, their analysis and manipulation is a challenge to our understanding of human nature. Stem cell research, genetic testing, gene therapy, therapeutic and reproductive cloning -- all these fields of application have been raising fundamental ethical and religious-theological questions: When does human life begin? Should human beings be allowed to interfere with natural procreation or to manipulate the genome of their own species? Is genetic engineering tantamount to 'playing God'? Based on the symposium 'GenEthics and Religion' held in Basel, Switzerland in May 2008, this volume examines the role religion can play in establishing ethical guidelines to protect human life in the face of rapid advances in biology and especially gene technology. It does so in a multidisciplinary way with contributions by philosophers, theologians, human geneticists, and several bioethicists representing the Christian, Jewish, Islamic and Buddhist perspectives. The essays illustrating a diversity of views and expressing the problems and self-critical reflectiveness of religious ethicists have been brought up to date and discuss the importance of religious ethics in society's discourse on gene technology.


Arguments And Analysis In Bioethics

Author by : Matti Häyry
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rodopi
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Description : Is there any justification for the common practice of allocating expensive medical resources to rescue a few from rare diseases, when those resources could be used to treat devastating diseases that affect the many? Does the use of Prozac and other anti-depressants make us inauthentic beings? Is it immoral and irrational to have children?What is the force of examples and counterexamples in bioethics? What are the relevance of moral intuition and the role of empirical evidence in bioethical argument? What notion of “function” underlies accounts of the distinction between normality and disease and between therapy and enhancement? Is there an inherent conflict between research aimed at therapy and research aimed at gaining knowledge, such that the very notion of “therapeutic research” is an oxymoron?The twenty-one chapters in this volume strive, through the use of high quality argument and analysis, to get a good deal clearer concerning a range of issuesin bioethics, and a range of issues about bioethics. The essays are provocative, indeed, some quite radical and disturbing, as they call into question many common methodological and substantive assumptions in bioethics.


Suffering And Bioethics

Author by : Ronald M. Green
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : Long before it cured disease, medicine aimed to relieve suffering-but despite that precedence, the relief of suffering often takes a back seat in today's biomedical research and treatment. Modern bioethics, too, has been slow to come to terms with suffering. Attention to ethical quandaries has sometimes displaced attention to the experience of patients. This book seeks to place suffering at the center of bioethical thinking once again. Among the questions its contributors explore are: What is the meaning of suffering? How does it relate to pain? If there can be pain without suffering, can there be suffering without pain? Does suffering require advanced cognitive abilities? Can animals suffer? Many believe that we have strong obligations to relieve or minimize suffering; what are the limits of these obligations? Does the relief of suffering justify the termination of a patient's life, as proponents of euthanasia maintain? What is the bearing of suffering on the cherished bioethical principle of autonomy? Can suffering impair a patient's ability to make reasoned choices? To what extent must the encounter with suffering be an important component of medical education? Do religious traditions ever move from efforts to explain and relieve suffering to positions that justify and promote it? The aim of this book is to undertake a new foray into this "foreign territory" of suffering. With a foreword by the distinguished bioethicist Daniel Callahan, its twenty-two chapters, authored by leading scholars in science and bioethics, are organized so as to examine suffering in its biological, psychological, clinical, religious, and ethical dimensions.


Co Existing In A Globalized World

Author by : Hassan Bashir
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lexington Books
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Description : The internationalization of professional practices and the export of western technology and higher education are accompanied by a need to establish international standards of ethics across different professions. This pioneering and provocative group of essays constitutes essential reading for those interested in understanding, formulating, and teaching ethical standards for professions in an international and particularly cross-cultural context.


A Companion To Bioethics

Author by : Helga Kuhse
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
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Description : This second edition of A Companion to Bioethics, fully revised and updated to reflect the current issues and developments in the field, covers all the material that the reader needs to thoroughly grasp the ideas and debates involved in bioethics. Thematically organized around an unparalleled range of issues, including discussion of the moral status of embryos and fetuses, new genetics, life and death, resource allocation, organ donations, AIDS, human and animal experimentation, health care, and teaching Now includes new essays on currently controversial topics such as cloning and genetic enhancement Topics are clearly and compellingly presented by internationally renowned bioethicists A detailed index allows the reader to find terms and topics not listed in the titles of the essays themselves


Universality From Theory To Practice

Author by : Schweizerische Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften. Kolloquium
Languange : en
Publisher by : Saint-Paul
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Total Read : 96
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Application Of Confucian And Western Ethical Theories In Developing Hiv Aids Policies In China

Author by : Yonghui Ma
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 69
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Description : This study is a contribution to Chinese-Western dialogue of bioethics but perhaps the first one of its kind. From a Chinese-Western comparative ethical perspective, this work brings Chinese ethical theories, especially Confucian ethics, into a contemporary context of the epidemic of HIV/AIDS, and to see how the deeply-rooted thoughts of Confucius interact, compete, or integrate with concepts from Western ethical traditions. An underlying belief is that some ideas in Confucian ethics are important and insightful beyond their cultural and historical origins in China and other Confucianism influenced societies. Methodologically, this thesis employs two approaches, conceptual normative analysis combined with critical interpretation. The 'interpretive' approach I employ, as an important methodology supplementing my normative analysis, not only deals with Chinese ancient texts, but also explains specific beliefs and practices in China. With a critical eye, this thesis carefully examines a number of key topics in the ethics of AIDS in China from a cross-cultural perspective. Topics including: views on personhood and the vulnerability of People Living with HIV/AIDS; prioritising and balancing the role of 'harm reduction' and the role of 'eradication of deviant behaviour' in AIDS policy in China; rights-based opt-out approach and duty-based family-centred approach in HIV testing and Biobanking; blood donation; moral responsibility and personal responsibility for health; and the popular rhetoric of 'innocent infection' versus 'guilty infection' in AIDS. My overall aim in this work is to present a cross-cultural bioethics study through the investigation of some ethical issues in AIDS in China from a Chinese-Western comparative perspective and also attempt to suggest a humane and effective policy for HIV/AIDS which I believe is appropriate to both traditions. I believe this work has contributed to our knowledge in three related but independent areas: the control of the epidemic of HIV/AIDS in China; medical ethics in China; and to both the methods and the utility of cross-cultural study of bioethics between China and the West.


Changing Health Care Systems From Ethical Economic And Cross Cultural Perspectives

Author by : Erich E.H. Loewy
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : This volume explores the impact of various health-care structures on the ability of health-care professionals to practice in an ethically acceptable manner. The limits of ethical possibility are created by the system within which health-care workers must practice: a system which mandates `getting to know your patient' but at the same time is restricted by financial concerns of a hospital, hospice, or a health management organization. This juxtaposition of the two conflicting concerns of a health-care worker is discussed in this volume. Among the issues addressed are: Is it possible to appreciate patients' goals and values within a system that mandates that only a short time be spent with each patient? Ethical issues raised in a system where patients are treated by different physicians inside and outside the hospital; Health-care ethics which deal with the concerns of those with access to care but are not concerned with the needs of those who lack access to care. This volume will be of interest to health-care ethicists, as well as health-care professionals.


Muslim Medical Ethics

Author by : Jonathan E. Brockopp
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of South Carolina Press
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Description : Designed as an engaging point of entrance for students in religious studies, anthropology, ethics, and medical humanities, this pathbreaking volume has utility for health-care professionals and policy makers.


Law Ethics Bioethics For The Health Professions

Author by : Marcia A Lewis
Languange : en
Publisher by : F.A. Davis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Now in its Seventh Edition and in vivid full-color, this groundbreaking book continues to champion the “Have a Care” approach, while also providing readers with a strong ethical and legal foundation that enables them to better serve their clients. The book addresses all major issues facing healthcare professionals today, including legal concerns, important ethical issues, and the emerging area of bioethics.


Religious Perspectives On Bioethics

Author by : Mark Cherry
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
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Total Read : 92
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Description : First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Handbook For Health Care Ethics Committees

Author by : Linda Farber Post
Languange : en
Publisher by : JHU Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
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Description : This guide is an essential resource for all health care ethics committee members.


Contemporary Readings In Biomedical Ethics

Author by : Walter Glannon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 41
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Description : This anthology of 42 readings begins with the author's thorough introduction to the history and theories of biomedical ethics. The readings that follow include the physician-patient relationship, reproductive rights, and technologies, genetics, as well as death and dying.


Case Studies In Society Religion And Bioethics

Author by : Sana Loue
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
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Description : This book explores, through case studies, the interplay between religion, culture, government, and politics in diverse societies on questions arising in the domain of bioethics. The case studies draw from multiple disciplinary perspectives, including history, theology, law, bioethics, public policy, science, and medicine. The text's global perspective permits a comparison of the differing approaches adopted by countries facing similar bioethical quandaries and the extent to which religion has or has not been instrumental in addressing such dilemmas. Secular and religious societies across the globe are being confronted with complex questions involving religious belief and the extent to which specific religious perspectives have in the past or should in the future be adopted as official policy. Bioethical issues involving the interplay of religion and government have become particularly notable in recent years. How these issues are resolved has major implications for individuals, healthcare providers, and the future of medical research and medical care. Topics explored among the chapters include: Homosexuality: Sin, Crime, Pathology, Identity, Behavior Medical Error: Truthtelling, Apology, and Forgiveness Refusal of Medical Treatment Medical Deportation Case Study: Nazism, Religion, and Human Experimentation The New Frontier: Cloning Case Studies in Society, Religion, and Bioethics will find an engaged audience among researchers and scholars in history, religion/theology, medicine, and bioethics interested in the influence of religion on bioethical decision-making. Students—particularly upper-level undergraduate and graduate students interested in bioethics, humanities, and theology—will find the text helpful in understanding the processes through which religion may serve as a basis for both societal policy and law and individual decision-making in health-related matters.


Islamic Biomedical Ethics

Author by : Abdulaziz Sachedina
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
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Description : In search of principles of health care in Islam -- Health and suffering -- Beginning of life -- Terminating early life -- Death and dying -- Organ donation and cosmetic enhancement -- Recent developments -- Epilogue.


Chimera S Children

Author by : David Albert Jones
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
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Description : The idea of human-nonhuman combinations has been a recurrent theme throughout the history of humanity. From the myths of the Minotaur and the centaurs in ancient Greece to the dogheads of the Middle Ages right through to the monsters of modern science fiction, these beings have always been a source of fascination. In recent years, however, biomedical advances have demonstrated the potential to make these entities a reality through the creation of inter-species combinations. As a result, pressing and perplexing ethical questions arise. Introducing the reader to the historical context of human-nonhuman experimentation and potential future developments, this volume offers clarification, analysis and a thorough overview of the ethical challenges relating to human-nonhuman chimeras, true hybrids, cybrids and other combinations. This book is the first accessible survey of the different ethical dilemmas facing contemporary society in the creation of human-nonhuman embryonic, foetal and postnatal entities. These include important cultural, legal, philosophical and religious perspectives. As such it will act as a springboard for future debate.


A Bioethical Analysis Of Sexual Reorientation Interventions

Author by : Travis K. Svensson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Universal-Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
Total Download : 140
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Description : Introduction -- Section I: Ethics -- A methodology for ethical analysis -- The stakeholders and their issues -- Section II: Morally relevant facts and fictions -- Homosexual incidence and prevalence -- Cross cultural sexuality -- Bisexuality -- Heterosexism, homonegativity, and homophobia -- Section III: Original theories and theories of origin -- The essentialists and social constructionists -- A biological philosophy of sexual orientation -- A psychological philosophy of sexual orientation -- Sexual reorientation interventions -- The professional associations -- Section IV: Queer philosophy -- Identity evolution and the historical homosexual -- Queer theory -- Homosexual identity development -- Section V: Bioethics -- Bioethics and substituted judgment -- Bioethics and biotechnology -- Bioethics and religion -- Bioethics of sexual shame -- Bioethics and psychiatry -- Section VI: Bioethical analysis -- Postmodern bioethics.