Cruel And Unusual Punishment

Author by : Sanaz Alasti
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Cruel and unusual punishment is one of the most contentious issues in modern times. The condemnation of cruel and unusual punishment is universal. But, what exactly is cruel and unusual punishment? In national and international law the definition of what constitutes cruel and unusual punishment is highly subjective. Almost all countries prohibit inhuman punishments. Countries vary in the extent to which they legally permit what would commonly be considered cruel and degrading punishment or treatment. Most countries absolutely prohibit any form of torture. This book examines which kinds of punishments constitute cruel and unusual, whether these punishments are inherently cruel and unusual, excessive, disproportionate, or unnecessary to society, or inflicted arbitrary. The primary aim of this book is to demonstrate that harshness in the law of punishment such as corporal punishment, long sentences of imprisonment and harshness in the inflexibility of punishment, contradicts with the universal declaration of human rights, and every other law concerning this matter. Another aim of this book is to use a comparative historical approach in illustrating the similarities and differences in cruel and unusual punishments over time and place. In order to achieve this aim, the current practices of harsh punishments in both Iran and United States have been critically reviewed. Through this comparative historical perspective, the reader can gain appreciation of the western and Islamic nature of these punishment practices. About the author: Sanaz Alasti received a S.J.D. (Scientiae Juridicae Doctor) from Golden Gate University School of Law, San Francisco, CA; after obtaining LL.M from Tehran University, and her LL.B with Honors in Tehran, Iran. Dr. Alasti has experience in both criminal justice system of United States and Iran. She has written numerous books and articles on various aspects of Comparative Criminal Justice & Penology. Her most recent books are "Pioneer Criminologists" & "Criminal law and Criminology Dictionary". She has been active in death penalty projects challenging the unfairness and arbitrariness of capital punishment and currently working on: "Teaching Abolition" a project proposing death penalty curriculum to stimulate broader exploration and discussion of capital punishment topics in law schools.


Cruel And Unusual

Author by : Michael Meltsner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Quid Pro Books
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Total Read : 43
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Description : The true and gripping account of the nine-year struggle by a small band of lawyers to abolish the death penalty in the United States. Its new edition features a 2011 Foreword by death-penalty author Evan Mandery of CUNY's John Jay College of Criminal Justice, as well as a new Preface by the author.The mission, plotted out over lunch in New York's Central Park in the early 1960s, seemed as impossible as going to the moon: abolish capital punishment in every state. The approach would fight on multiple fronts, with multiple strategies. The people would be dedicated, bright, unsure, unpopular, and fascinating. This is their story: not only the cases and the arguments before courts, the death row inmates and their victims, the judges and politicians urging law and order, this is the true account of the real-life lawyers from the inside. The United States indeed went to the moon, and a few years later the U.S. Supreme Court ruled the death penalty unconstitutional. The victory was long-sought and sweet, and the pages of this book vividly let the reader live the struggle and the victory. And while the abolition eventually became as impermanent as the nation's presence on the moon, these dedicated attorneys certainly made a difference. This is their tale.As Evan Mandery writes in his new Foreword, "In these pages, Meltsner lays bare every aspect of his and his colleaguesi thinking. You will read how they handicapped their chances, which arguments they thought would work (you may be surprised), and what they thought of the Supreme Court justices who would decide the crucial cases. You will come to understand what they perceived to be the basis for support for the death penalty, and, with Meltsner's unflinching honesty, what they perceived to be the inconsistencies in their position."Mandery concludes: "It is my odd lot in life to have read almost every major book ever written about the death penalty in America. This is the best and the most important. Every serious scholar who wants to advance an argument about capital punishment in the United States--whether it is abolitionist or in favor of the death penalty, or merely a tactical assessment--cites this book. It is open and supremely accessible." And the author's "constitutional vision was years ahead of its time. His book is timeless." Part of the Legal History and Biography Series from Quid Pro Books, the new ebook editions feature embedded pagination from previous editions (consistent with the new paperback edition as well, allowing continuity in all formats), active TOC and endnotes, and quality digital formatting.


Cruel And Usual Punishment

Author by : Nonie Darwish
Languange : en
Publisher by : Thomas Nelson
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Total Read : 53
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Description : Nonie Darwish lived for thirty years in a majority Muslim nation. Everything about her life?family, sexuality, hygiene, business, banking, contracts, economics, politics, social issues, everything?was dictated by the Islamic law code known as Sharia. But Sharia isn't staying in majority Muslim nations. Darwish now lives in the West and brings a warning; the goal of radical Islam is to bring Sharia law to your country. If that happens, the fabric of Western law and liberty will be ripped in two. Under Sharia law: A woman can be beaten for talking to men who are not her relatives and flogged for not wearing a headdress Daughters, sisters, and wives can be legally killed by the men in their family Non-Muslims can be beheaded, and their Muslim killers will not receive the death penalty Certain kinds of child molestation are allowed The husband of a "rebellious" wife can deny her medical care or place her under house arrest Think it can't happen? In 2008, England?once the seat of Western liberty and now the home of many Muslim immigrants?declared that Sharia courts in Britain have the force of law. When Muslim populations reach as little as 1 or 2 percent, says Darwish, they begin making demands of the larger community, such as foot-level faucets for washing before praying in public schools, businesses, and airports. "Airports in Kansas City, Phoenix, and Indianapolis are among those who have already installed foot baths for Muslim cab drivers," writes Darwish. These demands test how far Westerners will go in accommodating the Muslim minority. How far will they push? The Organization of the Islamic Conference works to Islamize international human rights laws and apply Sharia "standards" for blasphemy to all nations. The penalty for blasphemy? Death. Weaving personal experience together with extensive documentation and research, Darwish exposes the facts and reveals the global threat posed by Sharia law. Anyone concerned about Western rights and liberties ignores her warning and analysis at their peril.


Cruel And Unusual

Author by : Brian Jarvis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Pluto Press (UK)
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
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Description : From the excesses of Puritan patriarchs to the barbarism of slavery and on into the prison-industrial complex, punishment in the US has a long and gruesome history.In the post-Vietnam era, the prison population has increased tenfold and the death penalty has enjoyed a renaissance. Cruel and Unusual offers an exploration of the history of punishment as mediated in American culture. Grounding his analysis in Marxist theory, psychoanalysis and Foucault's influential work on discipline, Brian Jarvis examines a range of cultural texts, from seventeenth century execution sermons to twenty-first century prison films, to uncover the politics, economics and erotics of punishment.This wide-ranging and interdisciplinary survey constructs a genealogy of cruelty through close reading of novels by Hawthorne and Melville, fictional accounts of the Rosenberg execution by Coover and Doctorow, slave narratives and prison writings by African Americans and the critically neglected genre of American prison films.


Cruel Unusual

Author by : John D. Bessler
Languange : en
Publisher by : UPNE
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Description : This indispensable history of the Eighth Amendment and the founders' views of capital punishment is also a passionate call for the abolition of the death penalty based on the notion of cruel and unusual punishment


The Eighth Amendment

Author by : Greg Roza
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
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Description : This book is an introduction to the Eighth Amendment which empowers the people as it guarantees protection of basic rights of citizens accused of a crime.


The Encyclopedia Of Cruel And Unusual Punishment

Author by : Brian Lane
Languange : en
Publisher by : Virgin Books Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
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Description : Where there is civilization there is torture. This inhumane practice is as old as mankind - whether for purposes of information or intimidation. This A-Z guide covers every aspect of torture, including the techniques and instruments, torturers and their motives.


Cruel Unusual Punishment

Author by : Mary Murray
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ocean Press (AU)
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
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Freedom From Cruel And Unusual Punishment

Author by : Kristin O'Donnell Tubb
Languange : en
Publisher by : Greenhaven Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 268
File Size : 51,8 Mb
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Description : Discusses the history of the Eighth Amendment and capital punishment, offering court cases and essays to explore various points of view.


Furman V Georgia

Author by : Greg Roensch
Languange : en
Publisher by : Infobase Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
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Description : In the summer of 1967, William Henry Furman broke into a house in Savannah, Georgia. He carried a pistol that night in case he ran into trouble, but he never intended to fire the gun. Instead, his plan was simply to rob the house as quickly and quietly as possible without running into anyone. Unfortunately, things didn't go as planned for Furman. There are different accounts of what happened next, but one thing is known for sure: Before Furman fled the house, his gun went off and killed a man. William Furman was convicted of murder and sentenced to die in the electric chair. This chain of events provides the background for the Supreme Court's landmark death penalty ruling in Furman v. Georgia. This new title in the celebrated Great Supreme Court Decisions series recounts the story behind one of the most controversial cases ever to hit the nation's highest court.


Cruel And Unusual Punishment

Author by : Joseph Anthony Melusky
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
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Description : In one of the lengthiest, noisiest, and hottest legal debates in U.S. history, Cruel and Unusual Punishment stands out as a levelheaded, even-handed, and thorough analysis of the issue. * A focused list of primary source documents includes the Magna Carta, the Northwest Ordinance, the 5th, 8th, and 14th Amendments, and excerpts from the Federalist Papers * Appendixes include tables and charts on public opinion on the death penalty, state statistics, federal sentencing guidelines, and a bibliography


Preventing Cruel And Unusual Punishment

Author by : Hallie Murray
Languange : en
Publisher by : Enslow Publishing, LLC
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
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Description : The Founding Fathers created the Eighth Amendment to protect the people from the kind of abuse they had seen while the colonies were under British rule. But to this day, Americans continue to argue about what exactly “cruel and unusual,” “excessive bail,” and “excessive fines” mean. Through full-color and black-and-white photos, engaging text, and primary sources, students will examine the events leading up to the Eighth Amendment’s creation, how it has been defined throughout the centuries, and how it is interpreted today. In addition, informative sidebars and a further reading section with books and websites encourage students to explore the people and events of this time in history in more depth.


No Cruel And Unusual Punishments Supreme Court Decisions

Author by : Robert Dittmer
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 84
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Description : This is a sourcebook on the supreme court's decisions on the no cruel and unusual punishment's clause of the eighth amendment.


No Cruel Or Unusual Punishment

Author by : David Machajewski
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
Total Download : 437
File Size : 51,9 Mb
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Description : When the U.S. Constitution was ratified in 1788, it had a major flaw: it failed to acknowledge individual rights. Early Americans were not pleased. They didn't believe their new government was respecting their freedoms. Thus, the Bill of Rights was created. Readers will explore the history, significance, and controversy surrounding the Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which prohibits cruel or unusual punishment. Primary sources, sidebars, and compelling stories, demonstrate how the amendment protects, and potentially harms, criminals. Historic and present-day examples of long-standing debates about the amendment's controversial "cruel and unusual" clause further illustrate the amendment's importance.


The Story Of Cruel And Unusual

Author by : Colin Dayan
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
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Total Read : 18
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Description : A searing indictment of the American penal system that finds the roots of the recent prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib and Guantánamo in the steady dismantling of the Eighth Amendment's prohibition of "cruel and unusual" punishment. The revelations of prisoner abuse and torture at Abu Ghraib and more recently at Guantánamo were shocking to most Americans. And those who condemned the treatment of prisoners abroad have focused on U.S. military procedures and abuses of executive powers in the war on terror, or, more specifically, on the now-famous White House legal counsel memos on the acceptable limits of torture. But in The Story of Cruel and Unusual, Colin Dayan argues that anyone who has followed U.S. Supreme Court decisions regarding the Eighth Amendment prohibition of "cruel and unusual" punishment would recognize the prisoners' treatment at Abu Ghraib and Guantánamo as a natural extension of the language of our courts and practices in U.S. prisons. In fact, it was no coincidence that White House legal counsel referred to a series of Supreme Court decisions in the 1980s and 1990s in making its case for torture.Dayan traces the roots of "acceptable" torture to slave codes of the nineteenth century that deeply embedded the dehumanization of the incarcerated in our legal system. Although the Eighth Amendment was interpreted generously during the prisoners' rights movement of the late 1960s and 1970s, this period of judicial concern was an anomaly. Over the last thirty years, Supreme Court decisions have once again dismantled Eighth Amendment protections and rendered such words as "cruel" and "inhuman" meaningless when applied to conditions of confinement and treatment during detention. Prisoners' actual pain and suffering have been explained away in a rhetorical haze—with rationalizations, for example, that measure cruelty not by the pain or suffering inflicted, but by the intent of the person who inflicted it. The Story of Cruel and Unusual is a stunningly original work of legal scholarship, and a searing indictment of the U.S. penal system.


Cruel And Unusual Punishment

Author by : Mira Coviensky
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 59
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Capital Punishment

Author by : Kim Masters Evans
Languange : en
Publisher by : Information Plus
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 123
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Description : "The Information Plus Reference Series" provides statistical data on 32 of today's most controversial and most studied social issues. Each Information Plus title is a compilation of current and historical statistics -- with analysis -- on aspects of one contemporary social issue, such as abortion, capital punishment, and genetic engineering. Each title is divided into chapters that are devoted to a particular topic. The text provides a clear and comprehensive summary of up-to-date research on the topic and is interspersed with the statistical tables, charts, and graphs. Each table is directly referred to and carefully explained in the text.


Capital Punishment

Author by : Mei Ling Rein
Languange : en
Publisher by : Information Plus
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 82
Total Download : 698
File Size : 51,6 Mb
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Description : Contains primary and secondary source materials, including graphs, charts, quotes, and articles, that provide information about capital punishment in the U.S. and around the world, tracing the history of capital punishment, and discussing Supreme Court rulings, methods, public attitudes, and other related topics.


Cruel And Unusual Punishment

Author by : Vaun Hall
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 32
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The Death Penalty As Cruel Treatment And Torture

Author by : William A. Schabas
Languange : en
Publisher by : UPNE
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Total Read : 70
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Description : This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1890 edition. Excerpt: ...said Mr. Fogg. "Well, your honor," replied the pilot, " I can risk neither my men, nor myself, nor yourself, in so long a voyage on a boat of scarcely twenty tons, at this time of the year. Besides, we would not arrive in time, for it is sixteen hundred and fifty miles from Hong Kong to Yokohama." "Only sixteen hundred," said Mr. Fogg. "It is the same thing." Fix took a good long breath. " But," added the pilot, " there might perhaps be a means to arrange it otherwise." Fix did not breathe any more. "How?" asked Phileas Fogg. " By going to Nagasaki, the southern extremity of Japan, eleven hundred miles, or only to Shanghai, eight Imndred miles from Hong Kong. In this last journey, we wold not be at any distance from the Chinese coast, which v uld be a great advantage, all the more so that the currents run to the north." "Pilot," replied Phileas Fogg, "I must lake the American mail steamer at Yokohama, and not at Shanghai or Nagasaki." "Why not? "replied the pilot " The San Francisco stewnet does not start from Yokohama. She stops there and at Nagasaki, but her port of departure is Shanghai." You are certain of what you are saying? " "Certain." "And when does the steamer leave Shanghai? "On the llth, atseven oclock in the evening. We have then four days before us. Four days, that is ninety-six hours, and with an average of eight knots an hour, if we have good luck, if the wind keeps to the southeast, if the sea is calm, we can make the eight hundred miles which separate us from Shanghai." "And you can leave--" " la an hour, time enough to buy my provisions and hoist sail." " It is a bargain--you are the master of the boat? " " Yes, John Bunsby, master of the Tankadere." " Do you wish some earnest money? " " If it does not inconvenience...


Cruel And Unusual Punishment The Death Penalty And The Influence Of Foreign Law On U S Constitutional Jurisprudence

Author by : Joan Young Hee Kim
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 47
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Description : The death penalty has a long and established history inclusive of almost every society since the beginning of time. As society advanced, so did the way people came to understand capital punishment. This thesis explores that change in sentiment within the American context and advances a prediction: the Supreme Court of the United States will abolish the death penalty under the Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause of the Eighth Amendment. The plausibility of this prediction is substantiated by a case method investigation on the influence of foreign law on United States Supreme Court's decisions interpreting cruel and unusual standards and the degree to which this clause constrains the death penalty. The resolute position capital punishment has commanded in American politics, law, and society as well as the standards governing its imposition has evolved. Concurrently, a growing majority of independent countries in the international community today have chosen to utilize different methods to deter crime, a position the United States has not taken--yet. The two are not mutually exclusive, as developments in the international community are increasingly affecting American culture and values. The direct and indirect reliance of foreign materials by the court in informing their legal reasonings and decisions has ushered in a new era of death penalty jurisprudence--its movement towards abolition.


Neither Cruel Nor Unusual

Author by : Frank Carrington
Languange : en
Publisher by : Crown Pub
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Total Read : 11
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Description : A tough-minded attorney defends capital punishment for murder, drawing on recent scholarly research to argue the death penalty's legitimacy and effectiveness as a counter to violent crime


Facing The Death Penalty

Author by : Michael Radelet
Languange : en
Publisher by : Temple University Press
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Total Read : 70
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Description : "These essays...show us the human and inhuman realities of capital punishment through the eyes of the condemned and those who work with them. By focusing on those awaiting death, they present the awful truth behind the statistics in concrete, personal terms." --William J. Bowers, author of Legal Homicide Between 1930 and 1967, there were 3,859 executions carried out under state and civil authority in the United States. Since the ten-year moratorium on capital punishment ended in 1977, more than one hundred prisoners have been executed. There are more than two thousand men and women now living on death row awaiting their executions. Facing the Death Penalty offers an in-depth examination of what life under a sentence of death is like for condemned inmates and their families, how and why various professionals assist them in their struggle for life, and what these personal experiences with capital punishment tell us about the wisdom of this penal policy. The contributors include historians, attorneys, sociologists, anthropologists, criminologists, a minister, a philosopher, and three prisoners. One of the prisoner-contributors is Willie Jasper Darden, Jr., whose case and recent execution after fourteen years on death row drew international attention. The inter-disciplinary perspectives offered in this book will not solve the death penalty debate, but they offer important and unique insights on the full effects of American capital punishment provisions. While the book does not set out to generate sympathy for those convicted of horrible crimes, taken together, the essays build a case for abolition of the death penalty. "This work stands with the best of what's been written. It represents the best of those who have seen the worst." --Colman McCarthy, The Washington Post Book World


Cruel And Unusual Punishment

Author by : Hannah Elliott
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
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Description :