Description : Dark Age Nunneries -- Contents -- List of Illustrations -- Preface and Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Introduction -- 1. Setting the Boundaries for Legitimate Experimentation -- 2. Holy Vessels, Brides of Christ: Ambiguous Ninth-Century Realities -- 3. Transitions, Continuities, and the Struggle for Monastic Lordship -- 4. Reforms, Semi-Reforms, and the Silencing of Women Religious in the Tenth Century -- 5. New Beginnings -- 6. Monastic Ambiguities in the New Millennium -- Conclusion -- Appendix A: The Leadership and Members of Female Religious Communities in Lotharingia, 816-1059 -- Appendix B: The Decrees on Women Religious from the Acts of the Synod of Chalon-sur-Saône, 813, and the Council of Mainz, 847 -- Appendix C: Jacques de Guise's Account of the Attempted Reform of Nivelles and Other Female Institutions in the Early Ninth Century -- Appendix D: The Compilation on the Roll of Maubeuge, c. Early Eleventh Century -- Appendix E: Letter by Abbess Thiathildis of Remiremont to Emperor Louis the Pious, c. 820s-840 -- Appendix F: John of Gorze's Encounter with Geisa, c. 920s-930s -- Appendix G: Extract on Women Religious from the Protocol of the Synod of Rome (1059) -- Appendix H: The Eviction of the Religious of Pfalzel as Recounted in the Gesta Treverorum, 1016 -- Appendix I: The Life of Ansoaldis, Abbess of Maubeuge (d. 1050) -- Appendix J: Letter by Pope Paschalis II to Abbess Ogiva of Messines (1107) -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Z
Description : In her ground-breaking new study, Katie Bugyis offers a new history of communities of Benedictine nuns in England from 900 to 1225. By applying innovative paleographical, codicological, and textual analyses to their surviving liturgical books, Bugyis recovers a treasure trove of unexamined evidence for understanding these women's lives and the liturgical and pastoral ministries they performed. She examines the duties and responsibilities of their chief monastic officers--abbesses, prioresses, cantors, and sacristans--highlighting three of the ministries vital to their practice-liturgically reading the gospel, hearing confessions, and offering intercessory prayers for others. Where previous scholarship has argued that the various reforms of the central Middle Ages effectively relegated nuns to complete dependency on the sacramental ministrations of priests, Bugyis shows that, in fact, these women continued to exercise primary control over their spiritual care. Essential to this argument is the discovery that the production of the liturgical books used in these communities was carried out by female scribes, copyists, correctors, and creators of texts, attesting to the agency and creativity that nuns exercised in the care they extended to themselves and those who sought their hospitality, counsel, instruction, healing, forgiveness, and intercession.
Description : Using and Not Using the Past after the Carolingian Empire offers a new take on European history from c.900 to c.1050, examining the ‘post-Carolingian’ period in its own right and presenting it as a time of creative experimentation with new forms of authority and legitimacy. In the late eighth century, the Frankish king Charlemagne put together a new empire. Less than a century later, that empire had collapsed. The story of Europe following the end of the Carolingian empire has often been presented as a tragedy: a time of turbulence and disintegration, out of which the new, recognisably medieval kingdoms of Europe emerged. This collection offers a different perspective. Taking a transnational approach, the authors contemplate the new social and political order that emerged in tenth- and eleventh-century Europe and examine how those shaping this new order saw themselves in relation to the past. Each chapter explores how the past was used creatively by actors in the regions of the former Carolingian Empire to search for political, legal and social legitimacy in a turbulent new political order. Advancing the debates on the uses of the past in the early Middle Ages and prompting reconsideration of the narratives that have traditionally dominated modern writing on this period, Using and Not Using the Past after the Carolingian Empire is ideal for students and scholars of tenth- and eleventh-century European history.
Description : This Companion offers a chronological sweep of the canon ofArthurian literature - from its earliest beginnings to thecontemporary manifestations of Arthur found in film and electronicmedia. Part of the popular series, Blackwell Companions toLiterature and Culture, this expansive volume enables a fundamentalunderstanding of Arthurian literature and explores why it is stillintegral to contemporary culture. Offers a comprehensive survey from the earliest to the mostrecent works Features an impressive range of well-known internationalcontributors Examines contemporary additions to the Arthurian canon,including film and computer games Underscores an understanding of Arthurian literature asfundamental to western literary tradition