Days In The Lives Of Counselors

Author by : Robert L. Dingman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Allyn & Bacon
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 472
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : This book is for counselors and counselors-in-training who are interested in exploring the many employment options that are available to persons with a graduate degree in counseling. Days in the Lives of Counselors is a collection of personal essays from counselors, each of whom has presented a description of his or her own unique and rewarding experiences. Each offers descriptions of his or her typical activities, including the challenges, the paperwork, the meetings, the successes, and even the frustrations. Many also share their hints on surviving the stresses that are inherent in a career in counseling. The chapters are clustered in categories within similar settings, but each person's experience is unique and different. In addition to school and college counselors, counselor educators, and mental health counselors, contributors include a sexologist, an editor, a gerontologist, an addictions specialist, a counselor who is a part-time deputy sheriff, and a professional association manager. Also included are two international stories, one by a school counselor working in Guam and another by a school counselor who worked in Africa. But all of the essays have one thing in common they are written by counselors who love their work.


Counseling Individuals With Life Threatening Illness

Author by : Kenneth J. Doka, PhD
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 959
File Size : 46,8 Mb
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Description : With a Foreword by Robert A. Neimeyer, PhD "Where was this book when I was new as a counselor?....Fortunately, it is here now, and with all the scope, depth, resourcefulness, and balance required for such situations." -Dr. Robert Kastenbaum, PhD "This book will now be an indispensable resource for anyone who wants to understand, counsel, or otherwise help individuals with life-threatening illnesses and their family members." --Charles A. Corr, PhD, CT "Without question, this is the book you'll want your own caregivers to have read should you ever contend with life-threatening illness." --Therese A. Rando, PhD, BCETS, BCBT Life-threatening illness is not only a medical crisis; it is a psychological, social, and spiritual crisis as well. Also, serious illness affects not only the patient, but the patient's family. Therefore, the two major premises of this book are that care in life-threatening illness must be holistic, and it must be family centered. Doka presents an insightful, comprehensive guide for counselors, social workers, and health care professionals, as they assist clients experiencing a serious illness. The book builds on a model developed by the author, based upon earlier work by Avery Weisman and E. M. Patterson. Doka's model presents illness as a series of phases: Prediagnostic: individuals may decide how to handle troubling symptoms or to take certain diagnostic tests Diagnostic: centered on the existential crisis posed by the diagnosis Chronic: individuals must cope with the disease and treatment Recovery: acknowledges that even when individuals survive an encounter with life-threatening illness, there are still considerable issues that must be resolved Terminal phase: individuals deal with the inevitability of death In his discussion of each phase, the author delineates specific tasks for patients to perform and the issues they must adapt to. He also presents strategies for counselors and health care professionals to use with individuals in each phase of illness.


40 Days Of Purity Living A Life Of Purity One Day At A Time

Author by : Stephen L. Cervantes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lulu Press, Inc
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 351
File Size : 51,5 Mb
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Description : We have made additional improvements to our most popular resource. Here is our 3rd edition printing of a workbook that has helped thousands of individuals worldwide. This workbook is designed to help men undertake the challenge of living a life of purity. It is full of Scriptures and teaching from God's Word, along with powerful insights and practical purity tips. This resource is invaluable to both the strong Christian or the struggling saint.


Therapist As Life Coach An Introduction For Counselors And Other Helping Professionals Revised And Expanded

Author by : Patrick Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : W. W. Norton & Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 131
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description : In 2006, U.S. News and World Report listed coaching as one of the 10 top growing professions. The first edition of Therapist as Life Coach, published in 2002, anticipated this trend, and since its publication it has become a standard for therapists who wish to transition or expand their practices into life coaching. Pat Williams and Deborah C. Davis have finally revised their classic practice-building book for today's therapists and future coaches. Every chapter in this second edition has been updated and rewritten, reflecting the growth of the coaching field and its increasing appeal to not only therapists, but all helping professionals. The book begins by exploring the history of the coaching movement and shows how society is hungry for life coaches. The second part of the book explains in detail the differences and similarities between coaching and therapy, discusses the coaching relationship, and considers some of the skills therapists will need to learn and unlearn in order to reclaim their joyfulness about their work. Professional transition tools such as developing and marketing your practice and honing your coaching skills are discussed at length in Part Three. The final section moves beyond basic life coaching to introduce coaching specialties such as corporate coaching, offers self-care strategies for life coaches, and peeks into the future of life coaching. There is new material throughout, including an overview of recent coaching developments, updated liability concerns, new business opportunities, and a new section on the research about coaching. Coaching gives practitioners the opportunity to break free of managed care and excessive reliance on the insurance industry and to work with a wide range of clients—specifically, those who are not suffering from mental illness but, rather, seeking to maximize their life potential. This book will help you enter this lucrative and personally enriching world with the skills and knowledge you need to build a successful coaching practice.


Socratic Questioning For Therapists And Counselors

Author by : Scott H. Waltman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 941
File Size : 49,7 Mb
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Description : This book presents a framework for the use of Socratic strategies in psychotherapy and counseling. The framework has been fine-tuned in multiple large-scale cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) training initiatives and is presented and demonstrated with applied case examples. The text is rich with case examples, tips, tricks, strategies, and methods for dealing with the most entrenched of beliefs. The authors draw from diverse therapies and theoretical orientation to present a framework that is flexible and broadly applicable. The book also contains extensive guidance on troubleshooting the Socratic process. Readers will learn how to apply this framework to specialty populations such as patients with borderline personality disorder who are receiving dialectical behavior therapy. Additional chapters contain explicit guidance on how to layer intervention to bring about change in core belief and schema. This book is a must read for therapists in training, early career professionals, supervisors, trainers, and any clinician looking to refine and enhance their ability to use Socratic strategies to bring about lasting change.


Introduction To Family Counseling

Author by : Judy Esposito
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 385
File Size : 50,8 Mb
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Description : Introduction to Family Counseling: A Case Study Approach presents basic knowledge about family counseling and applies various theoretical models to a case example looking at one nuclear family, along with its extended family members, that readers follow throughout the text. Judy Esposito and Abbi Hattem’s multi-generational family is constructed from their experiences as professors and family therapists to exemplify the concepts and theories of family counseling. Beyond the theories of family counseling, students learn about the family life cycle and various tools for assessing families as well as the history of family counseling. Ethical issues relevant to family counseling are also included along with transcripts from hypothetical family counseling sessions throughout the book. In addition, the book focuses on working with diverse families and takes special care to emphasize multicultural issues.


Becoming A Multiculturally Competent Counselor

Author by : Changming Duan
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
Total Download : 696
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description : Organized around the latest CACREP Standards, Becoming a Multiculturally Competent Counselor by Changming Duan and Chris Brown is a timely book that covers the core concepts, theories, and skills of multicultural and social justice counseling. With a focus on helping readers develop their multicultural professional identities, the authors conceptualize multicultural identity development as the foundation for comprehending the pervasive impact of social privilege and oppression and developing competencies to effectively work with the culturally diverse. Case illustrations, exercises, and an emphasis on reflective practice foster a true understanding and application of concepts. Becoming a Multiculturally Competent Counselor is part of the SAGE Counseling and Professional Identity Series, which targets specific competencies identified by CACREP (Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs).


Wake Up Counselors

Author by : William L. Fibkins
Languange : en
Publisher by : R&L Education
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 446
File Size : 53,7 Mb
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Description : Many once open doors for help are now closed, and schools' counseling services are failing many students, parents, and educators in need of intervention. This book provides a new model in which well-trained counselors can once again regain their historic role in counseling troubled teens, parents, and training staff and students on the front lines to act -- not look the other way -- when they observe a student heading towards the margins of school life.


Act For Clergy And Pastoral Counselors

Author by : Jason A. Nieuwsma
Languange : en
Publisher by : New Harbinger Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 772
File Size : 52,9 Mb
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Description : For the first time ever, three pioneers in the field of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) present an edited volume that outlines how the core ACT processes can be applied to religious and spiritual care approaches. If you are a clergy leader or pastoral counselor, people struggling with difficult situations or life traumas frequently turn to you for guidance. And while you’re passionate about helping, you may be unprepared for counseling people with certain mental health challenges. On the other hand, if you are a psychotherapist, you may need guidance in supporting your client’s religious belief system in therapy. In either case, this book presents a powerful road map to help you provide the best care. In this book, you’ll find a complete overview of ACT, as well as strategies for integrating ACT and issues related to spirituality. You’ll also learn how the core processes of ACT—such as commitment to change and values-based living—can be seamlessly tied into spiritual and religious counseling, no matter your faith or therapeutic background. By teaching you how to fuse conceptual psychological and spiritual principles, this book will provide you with the tools needed to enhance your counseling skill set.


Orientation To Professional Counseling

Author by : Sylvia C. Nassar
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 300
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Description : Ideal for use in introductory counseling courses, Orientation to Professional Counseling is fully aligned with the 2016 CACREP Standards and contains historical perspectives on the foundations of the profession, an overview of counseling specialties and contemporary issues in the field, and a discussion of anticipated future trends. Throughout the book, Nassar, Niles, and other counseling leaders emphasize the core content and expertise common within a unified counseling identity. To deepen practical application, chapters include learning objectives and activities, review questions, illustrative text sidebars, and “Voices From the Field.” Complimentary instructor’s materials, including chapter outlines, tests, and PowerPoint slides, are available by request to ACA. *Requests for digital versions from the ACA can be found on wiley.com. *To request print copies, please visit the ACA website here. *Reproduction requests for material from books published by ACA should be directed to [email protected]


The Use Of Data In School Counseling

Author by : Trish Hatch
Languange : en
Publisher by : Corwin Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 799
File Size : 47,7 Mb
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Description : Reach ALL students and prove how critical your counseling program is! Data can make the difference for today’s embattled school counseling programs, and this insightful book shows how to collect and manage it. Aligned with current research and the ASCA standards, this essential resource includes a complete set of user-friendly tools and templates for data collection, action-planning and reporting. Readers will learn how to: Develop a robust counseling curriculum that supports the Common Core Standards and drop-out prevention Replace “random acts of guidance” with intentional, well-timed interventions that are based on student needs Measure progress through pre- and post-assessments Deliver compelling reports that demonstrate your program’s impact


The Therapist S Notebook For Integrating Spirituality In Counseling

Author by : Karen B. Helmeke
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 221
File Size : 43,5 Mb
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Description : Learn to initiate the integration of your clients' spirituality as an effective practical intervention. A client's spiritual and religious beliefs can be an effective springboard for productive therapy. How can a therapist sensitively prepare for the task? The Therapist's Notebook for Integrating Spirituality in Counseling is the first volume of a comprehensive two-volume resource that provides practical interventions from a wide range of backgrounds and theoretical perspectives. This volume helps prepare clinicians to undertake and initiate the integration of spirituality in therapy with clients and provides easy-to-follow examples. The book provides a helpful starting point to address a broad range of topics and problems. The chapters of The Therapist's Notebook for Integrating Spirituality in Counseling are grouped into five sections: Therapist Preparation and Professional Development; Assessment of Spirituality; Integrating Spirituality in Couples Therapy; Specific Techniques and/or Topics Used in Integrating Spirituality; and Use of Scripture, Prayer, and Other Spiritual Practices. Designed to be clinician-friendly, each chapter also includes sections on resources where counselors can learn more about the topic or technique used in the chapter—as well as suggested books, articles, chapters, videos, and Web sites to recommend to clients. Each chapter utilizes similar formatting to remain clear and easy-to-follow that includes objectives, rationale for use, instructions, brief vignette, suggestions for follow-up, contraindications, references, professional readings and resources, and bibliotherapy sources for the client. The first volume of The Therapist's Notebook for Integrating Spirituality in Counseling helps set a solid foundation and provides comprehensive instruction on: ethically incorporating spirituality into the therapeutic setting professional disclosure building a spiritual referral source through local clergy assessment of spirituality the spirituality-focused genogram using spirituality in couples therapy helping couples face career transitions dealing with shame addiction recovery the use of scripture and prayer overcoming trauma in Christian clients and much more! The Therapist's Notebook for Integrating Spirituality in Counseling is a stimulating, creative resource appropriate for any clinician or counselor, from novices to experienced mental health professionals. This first volume is perfect for pastoral counselors, clergy, social workers, marriage and family therapists, counselors, psychologists, Christian counselors, educators who teach professional issues, ethics, counseling, and multicultural issues, and students.


Teaching Counselors And Therapists

Author by : Karen Eriksen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Greenwood Publishing Group
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
Total Download : 508
File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : Committed to constructivist and developmental teaching in counselor education, the authors contend that these practices are critical for preparing thoughtful, creative, mental health practitioners. They offer suggestions for transforming the specific courses in the counselor education curriculum.


Spiritual Counseling In Medicine

Author by : Carlo Lazzari
Languange : en
Publisher by : iUniverse
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 377
File Size : 48,7 Mb
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Description : Spirituality, in this book, is considered both as a force for personal growth and as a therapeutic strategy to be applied for counseling people with severe illnesses or existential problems. Usually, spiritual counseling aims to foster the client's insight in his or her own soul and emotional resources. By moving towards self-discovery, aiming to deeper connectedness with others, and by appreciating the healing effect of being part of the whole, a person can get help to cope with threats and anxiety. However, also counselors, helpers, doctors, and nurses, through a higher understanding of the ethical and spiritual implications of their own role, can add an extra value and efficacy to their daily practice. Basically, spiritual counseling can attain a healing effect whereas other therapeutic attempts have been unsuccessful. This little book stands as a theoretical and practical guide to support all those people, professionals, helpers, counselors, that put all their efforts to improve the well-being of people living with serious illnesses, adjusting to preoccupying medical diagnoses, facing stressful life events, or coping with intractable crises. At the same time, this book can also be used as a self-help guide to understand the own spiritual resources and to discover the routes to healing the self.


Substance Abuse Counselors

Author by : Tracy Brown Hamilton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 910
File Size : 48,6 Mb
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Description : "Substance Abuse Counselors: A Practical Career Guide will help you determine if this is the right career for you and what skills and educational background you need to succeed in this field, and it includes interviews with substance abuse counselors currently working in the field"--


First Kill All The Marriage Counselors

Author by : Laura Doyle
Languange : en
Publisher by : BenBella Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 279
File Size : 46,9 Mb
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Description : Every marriage has its rough patches. If you're wondering how to repair yours, step away from the therapist, put down the magazine, and pick up this book. If you want to build a long, happy, fulfilling marriage, why not learn from the women who've done it? Laura Doyle's marriage was in trouble. After five years, her husband had become distant. He seemed checked out of their relationship, preferring watching TV to making love. There were frequent fights that ended with tense silences and even threats of divorce. Marriage counseling actually made their problems worse. Each session seemed to reinforce the feeling that she and her husband were just too far apart. Desperate to avoid divorcing the man she loved, Laura tried something different. Rather than consulting with experts or professionals, she simply started talking to women who'd been happily married for more than fifteen years. What she discovered shocked her. Everything she had heard in marriage counseling was wrong. Laura realized that there are some basic truths to relationships that can help women maintain loving, intimate marriages, such as: The happiness of your relationship is up to you! Women hold the keys to a happy relationship 95 percent of the time (and will learn what to do the other 5 percent). What men want most of all is to be treated with respect. Treat your man with respect (even if you aren't feeling it), and he will treat you with love and care. Your man wants to know he has your trust. Give it to him, and he'll realize you are special . . . because you will be! After seeing her own marriage transform, Laura set out to help other women do the same. In this book, you'll learn Laura's Six Intimacy Skills,” which have been used by over 50,000 women who have transformed their previously unhappy marriages into blissful unions. Stop reading articles about how important it is to schedule date night, and learn how to transform your relationship into one bursting with energy, intimacy, and love.First, Kill All the Marriage Counselors will put you on the path to having the marriage you want with the man you love.


Case Approach To Counseling And Psychotherapy

Author by : Gerald Corey
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cengage Learning
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 830
File Size : 42,8 Mb
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Description : With this acclaimed casebook, readers follow master teacher Gerald Corey and many of contemporary therapy's most highly respected founders and practitioners--including William Glasser, Arnold Lazarus, and Albert Ellis--as they apply eleven key counseling approaches to the needs of client Ruth. This focus on a single client demonstrates to readers how the various theories work, and also enables them to see exactly how these techniques differ. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


Occupational Therapy In Mental Health

Author by : Catana Brown
Languange : en
Publisher by : F.A. Davis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 228
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : This revision of a well-loved text continues to embrace the confluence of person, environment, and occupation in mental health as its organizing theoretical model, emphasizing the lived experience of mental illness and recovery. Rely on this groundbreaking text to guide you through an evidence-based approach to helping clients with mental health disorders on their recovery journey by participating in meaningful occupations. Understand the recovery process for all areas of their lives—physical, emotional, spiritual, and mental—and know how to manage co-occurring conditions.


Career Development And Counseling

Author by : Mei Tang
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 755
File Size : 44,6 Mb
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Description : Career Development and Counseling: Theory and Practice in a Multicultural World by Mei Tang provides a comprehensive overview of career development theories with a unique multicultural framework. Aligned with the latest standards set forth by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP), the text focuses on applications across a variety of settings and populations. Each chapter contains numerous case illustrations and learning activities designed to help readers understand the complexities of multicultural aspects of individual career development. Counseling students in training, in addition to working counseling professionals, will find this book as a useful resource for today’s diverse world.


Celeb Shrink

Author by : James Bennett
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 967
File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Description : A few days in the lives of the counselors and therapists of a Beverly Hills Shrink,


Counselors Finding Their Way

Author by : Jeffrey A. Kottler
Languange : en
Publisher by : Amer Counseling Assn
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 655
File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Description : This volume collects all 54 of Counseling Today's "Finding Your Way" columns printed since 1997, plus a dozen new essays. The essays address the difficulties facing counselors, including cultural issues, disabilities, substance abuse, personal failure, the need to balance the demands of career and family, and the struggle to find one's own "voice." The contributors are themselves counselors, social workers, and scholars. c. Book News Inc.


Marriage Counseling

Author by : Everett L. Worthington Jr.
Languange : en
Publisher by : InterVarsity Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 850
File Size : 44,6 Mb
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Description : Marriages are in trouble today. That is clear. Effective mothods of combating this trend are less evident. Counselors, pastors and social workers need more than mere theories or mere moralizing. They need a practical and comprehensive model for understanding couples and their problems. They need a throughly Christian perspective that is biblical, compassionate and human. Everett Worthington provides this in an integrated, biblically based theory of marriage and marriage therapy with analysis at three levels: the individual, the couple and the family. The model he has constructed, with techniques drawn from the major psychological schools, is standard enough to guide counselors in actual interventions and powerful enough to produce change. A thoroughgoing overview of the assessment process includes practical, workable guidelines for: creating realistic, mutually-agreeable goals for counselor and clients; estimating the number of sessions needed to reach those goals; and planning the actual assessment, intervention and termination sessions. Next Worthington offers specific techniques for enhancing cooperative change, intimacy, communication, conflict resolution and forgiveness within the marriage. But keeping couples from slipping back into old patterns is one of the counselor's most difficult tasks. So Worthington concludes with suggestions for solidifying change and effectively concluding the counseling relationship. Here is a text that will be a standard for counselors, pastors and mental health professionals in the years to come.


The Creative Arts In Counseling

Author by : Samuel T. Gladding
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 320
File Size : 41,8 Mb
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Description : The Creative Arts in Counseling presents an evidence-based exploration of how expressive therapies can be used effectively with clients of all ages and backgrounds. After an introduction to the history and benefits of using the arts in counseling, Dr. Gladding discusses the therapeutic use of music; dance/movement; imagery; visual arts; writing/literature; drama; humor; play; animal-assisted therapy; and horticulture, nature, and wilderness therapies. Text features include a new section on incorporating the creative arts in telebehavioral counseling, two-part chapter overviews, 96 creative reflections for self-discovery, 145 exercises for use in session, and a listing of creative arts and art therapies websites. *Requests for digital versions from ACA can be found on www.wiley.com *To purchase print copies, please visit the ACA website here *Reproduction requests for material from books published by ACA should be directed to [email protected]


Occupational Outlook Quarterly

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 611
File Size : 47,5 Mb
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Description :


Effective Counseling

Author by : Patricia A. M. Hodges
Languange : en
Publisher by : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
Total Download : 883
File Size : 40,9 Mb
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Description : Health Sciences & Nutrition


International Perspectives On Pastoral Counseling

Author by : Richard L Dayringer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 561
File Size : 47,6 Mb
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Description : Gain fresh perspectives on pastoral care and counseling from international experts! This informative book will show you how pastoral care and counseling are viewed and practiced in Africa, India, Korea, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Central America, South America, Germany, and the United Kingdom. You’ll find new perspectives on theoretical and practical aspects of pastoral care and counseling as well as fascinating case studies and unique insights on how culture affects this type of ministry. In his Preface, Dr. Howard Clinebell, Professor Emeritus of Pastoral Psychology and Counseling at the Claremont School of Theology, explains the need for this book: “In the radically new world of the 21st century, pastoral counselors of all races and ethnic backgrounds will be challenged by a growing need to provide competent help to burdened individuals, couples, families, and communities of different cultural backgrounds and worldviews than their own.” International Perspectives on Pastoral Counseling gives you an intimate view of: counseling models from the United States that are being adapted to the realities of urban Korean life pastoral care and counseling in African and multicultural contexts counseling issues arising from urban realities in Pretoria, South Africa the state of pastoral counseling and the impact of globalization and international markets on pastoral theology in Brazil care and counseling models from Holland and the United States that are being imported for use in Indonesia how the realities of life in Singapore relate to pastoral care and therapeutic conversations the needs of women and the historical development and meaning of pastoral care and counseling in the Philippines the meaning of forgiveness--from an intercultural perspective spiritual, philosophical, and other perspectives on Chinese cultures the pitfalls of individualistic models of pastoral care and counseling in poverty-stricken regions of Latin America the unique challenges of delivering care and counseling in Asian-Pacific cultures