Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts

Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts
Author: Christopher W. Schmidt, PhD,James T. Watson, PhD
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2019-07-15
ISBN: 012815599X
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts Book Excerpt:

Teeth wear down as they are used for a number of functions in life including mastication and non-masticatory activities, such as using them as tools to hold objects in the mouth. Dental wear has been studied for decades at both macroscopic and microscopic levels. However, to date, no volume has been produced that is devoted specifically to dental wear. Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts provides a single source that disseminates current state-of-the-art research regarding dental wear across a variety of hominoid species, and under a number of temporal and spatial contexts. The volume begins with a brief introductory chapter addressing the general history, understandings, and approaches to the study of dental wear. The remaining chapters in the first half of the volume are dedicated to dental macrowear, and the chapters in second half are dedicated to dental microwear. The primary audience for this volume are students and professionals in anthropology, specifically paleoanthropologists, bioarchaeologists, archaeologists, and primatologists. It may also be attractive to dentists and other dental professionals interested in dental function. Covers a wide range of topics including method and theory, macrowear and microwear in primates and fossil hominins Highlights several recent technological innovations, including occlusal fingerprinting, considerations of enamel mechanical properties, and microwear texture Includes case studies from archaeological populations

Long on the Tooth

Long  on  the Tooth
Author: Christopher W. Schmidt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2020-11-21
ISBN: 0128243074
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Long on the Tooth Book Excerpt:

Long 'on' the Tooth: Dental Evidence of Diet addresses human dental macroscopic and microscopic wear, as well as dental disease, as indicators of diet. The book focuses primarily on 350 pre-contact humans from North America dating from approximately 5,500 to 600 years ago. These populations had subsistence strategies ranging from terrestrial foraging to intensive maize agriculture. The study makes intra- and intergroup comparisons to elucidate dietary nuances that are largely beyond the reach of other means of dietary reconstruction. Finally, the book discusses the importance of using multiple dietary indicators in unison in order to provide paleodietary insights. Includes state-of-the-art dental microwear texture data Focuses on populations largely overlooked in archaeological and dental anthropology volumes Offers the first dental anthropology book to integrate dental pathology and dental microwear texture analysis

What Anthropologists Do

What Anthropologists Do
Author: Veronica Strang
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2021-05-11
ISBN: 100018238X
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What Anthropologists Do Book Excerpt:

Why should you study anthropology? How will it enable you to understand human behaviour? And what will you learn that will equip you to enter working life? This book describes what studying anthropology actually means in practice, and explores the many career options available to those trained in anthropology. Anthropology gets under the surface of social and cultural diversity to understand people’s beliefs and values, and how these guide the different lifeways that these create. This accessible book presents a lively introduction to the ways in which anthropology's unique research methods and conceptual frameworks can be employed in a very wide range of fields, from environmental concerns to human rights, through business, social policy, museums and marketing. This updated edition includes an additional chapter on anthropology and interdisciplinarity. This is an essential primer for undergraduates studying introductory courses to anthropology, and any reader who wants to know what anthropology is about.