Using desalination technologies for water treatment

Using desalination technologies for water treatment
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Using desalination technologies for water treatment Book Excerpt:

Patent Landscape Report on Desalination Technologies and the Use of Alternative Energies for Desalination

Patent Landscape Report on Desalination Technologies and the Use of Alternative Energies for Desalination
Author: World Intellectual Property Organization
Publsiher: WIPO
Total Pages: 88
Release: 2012-03-08
ISBN: 9280521667
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Patent Landscape Report on Desalination Technologies and the Use of Alternative Energies for Desalination Book Excerpt:

This report identified 4551 patent families (including utility models) that claim inventions related to desalination of water, and 921 families describing the combination of desalination technologies with the use of renewable energies. Based on this patent collection, various patterns of patenting activity and innovation in the area of desalination are presented, with a separate focus on the use of renewable energies for desalination. A comprehensive explanation of the search methodology and history (including all search queries), and of the evaluation of the search results is included and illustrates how patent information can be retrieved and exploited in the area of desalination.

Membrane and Desalination Technologies

Membrane and Desalination Technologies
Author: Lawrence K. Wang,Jiaping Paul Chen,Yung-Tse Hung,Nazih K. Shammas
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 716
Release: 2010-12-01
ISBN: 1597452785
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Membrane and Desalination Technologies Book Excerpt:

In this essential new volume, Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies, a panel of expert researchers provide a wealth of information on membrane and desalination technologies. An advanced chemical and environmental engineering textbook as well as a comprehensive reference book, this volume is of high value to advanced graduate and undergraduate students, researchers, scientists, and designers of water and wastewater treatment systems. This is an essential part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series, an incredible collection of methodologies that study the effects of pollution and waste in their three basic forms: gas, solid, and liquid. Chapters adopt the series format, employing methods of practical design and calculation illustrated by numerical examples, including pertinent cost data whenever possible, and exploring in great detail the fundamental principles of the field. Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies is an essential guide for researchers, highlighting the latest developments in principles of membrane technology, membrane systems planning and design, industrial and municipal waste treatments, desalination requirements, wastewater reclamation, biofiltration, and more.

Advances In Water Desalination Technologies

Advances In Water Desalination Technologies
Author: Yoram Cohen
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 652
Release: 2021-06-08
ISBN: 9811226997
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances In Water Desalination Technologies Book Excerpt:

The book presents chapters from world leaders on water desalination advances with respect to processes, separations materials, and energy and environmental considerations. It provides a balanced discussion of the mature and newer desalination technologies and provides a fundamental assessment of the potential of emerging approaches. Realistic assessments for the feasibility of energy extraction from salinity gradients, desalting high salinity source water, membrane distillation, capacitive deionization, are among the topics discussed. Also, among the topics discussed in the book are recent advances in the desalination application of nanomaterials, carbon nanotubes, and surface structuring of membranes.

Desalination Technology

Desalination Technology
Author: Joseph Cotruvo,Nikolay Voutchkov,John Fawell,Pierre Payment,David Cunliffe,Sabine Lattemann
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2011-03-17
ISBN: 1439859841
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Desalination Technology Book Excerpt:

Desalination Technology: Health and Environmental Impacts covers the latest developments in desalination, examining the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies. Written by international experts, the text presents specifications for assessing water quality, technical issues associated with desalination technologies, and the chemical aspects of desalinated water and its microbiology. The book also discusses environmental protection issues that assist in the optimization of proposed and existing desalination facilities to ensure that nations and consumers enjoy the benefits of the expanded access to desalinated water. This includes coverage of health and environmental issues such as energy conservation and sustainability as well as protection of delicate coastal ecosystems and groundwater from contamination by surface disposal of concentrates—challenges that must be addressed during the design, construction, and operation of a desalination facility. Development of new and improved desalinization technologies, including major cost reduction trends, have significantly broadened the opportunities to access large quantities of safe water in many parts of the world. And while there are many books available on desalination, this book’s unusual approach blends technical coverage of the latest technologies with coverage of the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies, setting it apart from other resources. It provides technical guidance based on the practical expertise of a balanced group of international scientists and engineers.

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook
Author: Gnaneswar Gude
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2018-05-01
ISBN: 0128167122
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook Book Excerpt:

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook provides professionals and researchers with the latest treatment activities in the advancement of desalination technology. The book enables municipalities and private companies to custom-design sustainable desalination plants that will minimize discharge, energy costs and environmental footprint. Individual case studies are included to illustrate the benefits and drawback of each technique. Sections discuss a multitude of recently developed, advanced processes, along with notable advances made in existing technologies. These processes include adsorption, forward osmosis, humidification and dehumidification, membrane distillation, pervaporation and spray type thermal processes. In addition, theoretical membrane materials, such as nanocomposite and carbon nanotube membranes are also explored. Other chapters cover the desalination of shale gas, produced water, forward osmosis for agriculture, desalination for crop irrigation, and seawater for sustainable agriculture. International in its coverage, the chapters of this handbook are contributed by leading authors and researchers in all relevant fields. Expertly explains recent advances in sustainable desalination technology, including nanocomposite membranes, carbon nanotube membranes, forward reverse osmosis and desalination by pervaporation Provides state-of-the-art techniques for minimizing system discharge, energy cost and environmental footprint Includes individual case studies to illustrate the benefits and drawbacks of each technique Discusses techniques for the custom-design of sustainable desalination plants for municipalities, private companies and industrial operations

Solar Desalination Technology

Solar Desalination Technology
Author: Anil Kumar,Om Prakash
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 357
Release: 2019-04-23
ISBN: 9811368872
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Desalination Technology Book Excerpt:

This book presents the latest developments and advances in solar desalination technology, including the concept, design, testing, modeling, economics and innovation. The chapters in this volume are contributed by leading international researchers and are based on original research material. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, professionals, and policymakers alike.

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination
Author: Hacene Mahmoudi,Noreddine Ghaffour,Mattheus F.A. Goosen,Jochen Bundschuh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2017-07-14
ISBN: 1317287444
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination Book Excerpt:

The book presents a thorough overview of the latest trends and challenges in renewable energy technologies applications for water desalination, with an emphasis on environmental concerns and sustainable development. Emphasis is on the various uses of renewable energy, as well as economics & scale-up, government subsidies & regulations, and environmental concerns. It provides an indication on how renewable energy technologies are rapidly emerging with the promise of economic and environmental viability for desalination. Further it gives a clear indication on how exactly to accelerate the expansion and commercialization of novel water production systems powered by renewable energies and in what manner environmental concerns may be minimized. This book is all-inclusive and wide-ranging and directed at decision makers in government, industry and the academic world as well as students.

Review of the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap

Review of the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee to Review the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 84
Release: 2004-04-20
ISBN: 0309133432
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Review of the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap Book Excerpt:

The Bureau of Reclamation and Sandia National Laboratories jointly developed the Roadmap to serve as a strategic research pathway for desalination and water purification technologies to meet future water needs. The book recommends that the Roadmap include a sharper focus on the research and technological advancements needed to reach the long-term objectives. The book also suggests that the environmental, economic, and social costs of energy required by increased dependence on desalination be examined. Strategies for implementing the Roadmap initiative are provided.

Solar Energy Desalination Technology

Solar Energy Desalination Technology
Author: Hongfei Zheng
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2017-01-20
ISBN: 0128094222
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Energy Desalination Technology Book Excerpt:

Solar Energy Desalination Technology explains how to obtain clean water from sea water using solar energy. Special methods and types used in solar desalination are introduced, providing new thoughts, concepts, and feasible solutions in the desalination field, along with the thermal and economic efficiency relating to current technology. Many places in the world are suffering from fresh water shortage. However, those places are often rich with solar resources, sea water, and/or brackish water resources that could dramatically benefit from solar energy as a viable solution for the production of fresh water. Explains the principles of solar thermal energy usage to produce clean water from sea water Introduces and explains new kinds of solar desalination systems, including their technical level and working principle Provides fundamental knowledge on water treatment and solar collection

Desalination

Desalination
Author: Jane Kucera
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2014-02-04
ISBN: 111890480X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Desalination Book Excerpt:

This is the first volume to cover desalination in such depth anddetail, offering engineers, technicians, and operators fullcoverage of the applications, economics, and expectations of whatwill certainly become one of the most important water-relatedprocesses on the planet. Covering thermal processes andmembrane processes, this is the only volume any engineer working indesalination must have, covering both practical and theoreticalissues encountered on a daily basis. Certain to be animportant contribution to the water management community.

Desalination

Desalination
Author: Committee on Advancing Desalination Technology,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2008-08-14
ISBN: 030913434X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Desalination Book Excerpt:

There has been an exponential increase in desalination capacity both globally and nationally since 1960, fueled in part by growing concern for local water scarcity and made possible to a great extent by a major federal investment for desalination research and development. Traditional sources of supply are increasingly expensive, unavailable, or controversial, but desalination technology offers the potential to substantially reduce water scarcity by converting the almost inexhaustible supply of seawater and the apparently vast quantities of brackish groundwater into new sources of freshwater. Desalination assesses the state of the art in relevant desalination technologies, and factors such as cost and implementation challenges. It also describes reasonable long-term goals for advancing desalination technology, posits recommendations for action and research, estimates the funding necessary to support the proposed research agenda, and identifies appropriate roles for governmental and nongovernmental entities.

Seawater Desalination

Seawater Desalination
Author: Andrea Cipollina,Giorgio Micale,Lucio Rizzuti
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2009-12-24
ISBN: 3642011500
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seawater Desalination Book Excerpt:

A growing proportion of the world’s population is dependent on Seawater Desalination as a source of fresh water for both potable and civil use. One of the main drawbacks of conventional desalination technologies is the substantial energy requirement, which is facing cost increases in the global energy market. "Seawater Desalination" presents an overview of conventional and non-conventional technologies, with a particular focus on the coupling of renewable energies with desalination processes. The first section of this book presents, in a technical but reader-friendly way, an overview of currently-used desalination processes, from thermal to membrane processes, highlighting the relevant technical features, advantages and disadvantages, and development potential. It also gives a rapid insight into the economic aspects of fresh water production from seawater. The second section of the book presents novel processes which use Renewable Energies for fresh water production. From the first solar still evaporators, which artificially reproduced the natural cycle of water, technology has progressed to develop complex systems to harness energy from the sun, wind, tides, waves, etc. and then to use this energy to power conventional or novel desalination processes. Most of these processes are still at a preliminary stage of development, but some are already being cited as examples in remote areas, where they are proving to be valuable in solving the problems of water scarcity. A rapid growth in these technologies is foreseen in the coming years. This book provides a unique foundation, within the context of present and future sustainability, for professionals, technicians, managers, and private and public institutions operating in the area of fresh water supply.

Desalination Concentrate Management

Desalination Concentrate Management
Author: Bradley Ladewig,Benjamin Asquith
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 57
Release: 2011-10-25
ISBN: 9783642248528
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Desalination Concentrate Management Book Excerpt:

This book examines five methods used for concentrate management, namely; disposal to surface water, disposal to sewerage, deep well injection, land applications and evaporation ponds. In particular, the book focuses on the design, siting, cost, and environmental impacts of these methods. While these methods are widely practiced in a variety of settings already, there are many limitations that restrict the use of certain disposal options in particular locations.

Recent Progress in Desalination Environmental and Marine Outfall Systems

Recent Progress in Desalination  Environmental and Marine Outfall Systems
Author: Mahad Baawain,B.S. Choudri,Mushtaque Ahmed,Anton Purnama
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2015-08-31
ISBN: 3319191233
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Progress in Desalination Environmental and Marine Outfall Systems Book Excerpt:

This book collects current scientific information on advanced technologies and management practices associated with the desalination industry in the Middle East and elsewhere around the world. The book opens with introductory chapter which briefly recounts the history of desalination, and describes the current state of development in the field. Part I: Desalination Systems includes ten chapters which describe a variety of techniques and designs intended not only to minimize the impact of desalination, but also to save energy and use natural resources to maximize the output of integrated desalination systems. Among the highlights are a chapter on the use of ceramic membrane technology for sustainable oil water production; a case study on the use of solar heating systems in desalination technology in Oman; discussion of fouling and its effect on design and performance of desalination systems; a review of shore approaches and sea-lines with case studies from Australia and Germany; and a discussion of the integration of desalination technology with renewable energy for climate change abatement in the Middle East and North Africa region. Part II: Environmental Systems includes among others a chapter on regulating the use of water resources and desalination technology on a regional scale reducing the carbon footprint of desalination, with examples from Australia; a description of desalination for irrigation in the Souss Massa region in the south of Morocco; a study of the impact of the coastal intake environment on operating conditions of thermal desalination plants in the United Arab Emirates; a discussion of hydrodynamic and thermal dispersion modeling of the effluent in a coastal channel, with a case study from Oman; and a mathematical model study of effluent disposal from a desalination plant in the marine environment at Tuticorin in India. The book aims to inspire developments in desalination technologies which are specifically aimed at reducing energy consumption and cost, and minimizing environmental impact.

A Multidisciplinary Introduction to Desalination

A Multidisciplinary Introduction to Desalination
Author: Alireza Bazargan
Publsiher: Stylus Publishing, LLC
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2018-01-26
ISBN: 8793609949
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Multidisciplinary Introduction to Desalination Book Excerpt:

Although more than 70% of the globe is covered with water, only a small portion is suitable for direct human use, making the scarcity of freshwater one of our planet's most serious challenges. In this context, desalination, defined as "the separation of salts from water," is one of the possible solutions for appeasing our ever-increasing thirst. By drawing upon the expertise of a remarkable team of international authors, this book provides a simple, encompassing, and "multidisciplinary" introduction to desalination. The particular stregnth of this publication is its inclusive yet straightforward nature. In other words, the unique assortment of reader-friendly chapters is designed to cover the topic of desalination as a whole and strike a delicate balance between the technical and non-technical. To this end, the book is divided into five general sections: * The first section presents an overview of water scarcity, followed by a review of integrated water management and the alternatives to desalination. The fundamentals of desalination are also provided, including simple water chemistry. * The second section covers conventional desalination technologies, including thermal and membrane processes. The topics of pre- and post- treatment are given due credit, as all desalination plants are more or less reliant on them. * The third section reviews the history of how desalination technologies originated, including a review of today's R&D activities and cutting edge research. The topic of membrane manufacturing is also covered. * Section four is concerned with energy and environmental issues, including the application of renewable and nuclear energy, energy minimization, brine management, and environmental impacts. * Finally, section five covers the social and commercial issues, ranging from rural desalination to politics. Desalination costs and economic feasibility are discussed as well as issues in business development and future market prospects.

Advances in Water Desalination

Advances in Water Desalination
Author: Noam Lior
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2012-10-26
ISBN: 1118347722
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Water Desalination Book Excerpt:

Desalination is a dynamically growing field with more research, more engineering, more applications, more countries, more people, and with more training programs. This book provides high quality invited reviews on progress in various aspects of the desalination field. It features comprehensive coverage of desalination science, technology, economics, markets, energy considerations, environmental impact, and more. It is a key guide for professionals and researchers in water desalination and related areas including chemical, mechanical, and civil engineers, chemists, materials scientists, manufacturers of desalination membranes, water reuse engineers, and water authorities, as well as students in these fields.

Desalination and Water Treatment

Desalination and Water Treatment
Author: Murat Eyvaz,Ebubekir Yüksel
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2018-09-19
ISBN: 1789237580
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Desalination and Water Treatment Book Excerpt:

The need for fresh water is increasing with the rapid growth of the world's population. In countries and regions with available water resources, it is necessary to ensure the health and safety of the water supply. However, in countries and regions with limited freshwater resources, priority is given to water supply plans and projects, among which the desalination strategy stands out. In the desalination process, membrane and thermal processes are used to obtain fresh water from salty water that is in abundant amounts in the sea. This book will outline valuable scientific contributions to the new desalination and water treatment technologies to obtain high quality water with low negative environmental impacts and cost. The editors would like to record their sincere thanks to the authors for their contributions.

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook
Author: Gnaneswar Gude
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 622
Release: 2018-03-08
ISBN: 0128154284
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook Book Excerpt:

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook: Applications and Thermodynamics offers a practical handbook on the use of renewable technologies to produce freshwater using sustainable methods. Sections cover the different renewable technologies currently used in the field, including solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear desalination. This coverage is followed by an equally important clear and rigorous discussion of energy recovery and the thermodynamics of desalination processes. While seawater desalination can provide a climate-independent source of drinking water, the process is energy-intensive and environmentally damaging. This book provides readers with the latest methods, processes, and technologies available for utilizing renewable energy applications as a valuable technology. Desalination based on the use of renewable energy sources can provide a sustainable way to produce fresh water. It is expected to become economically attractive as the costs of renewable technologies continue to decline and the prices of fossil fuels continue to increase. Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination and energy storage and optimization Includes energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Elaborates on the principles of thermodynamics and second law efficiencies to improve process performance, including solar desalination Explains global applicability of solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear energy sources with case studies Discusses renewable energy-desalinated water optimization schemes for island communities

Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Sustainable Desalination Handbook
Author: Gnaneswar Gude
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 594
Release: 2018-03-07
ISBN: 0128094966
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Desalination Handbook Book Excerpt:

Sustainable Desalination Handbook: Plant Selection, Design and Implementation provides the comprehensive knowledge base required for efficient and sustainable process design for existing and new desalination plants around the world. This valuable resource for understanding and utilizing the most recent developments in desalination technologies and methods addresses the necessary components, including process design and implementation, operational strategies, and novel discoveries that minimize environmental impacts. In addition, the book features essential illustrations, operational details, issues and potential solutions and sustainable management strategies for present and future desalination plants. Explains plant design and process selection criteria for each desalination process Presents international regulations and permitting for intake and discharge locations, design and disposal Provides energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination, energy storage and optimization Includes case studies of recent desalination projects and process design