Reinventing Leviathan

Author by : Earlene Fowler
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Miami North South Center Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Scholars and development practitioners agree that developing countries urgently need cohesive administrative reforms to consolidate new market economies, promote sustainable development, and improve social welfare. Reinventing Leviathan provides extensive comparative research on the political processes that facilitate or block efforts designed to improve administrative performance. Studies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Hungary, Mexico, and Thailand highlight distinctive patterns of reform, tracing the process from the prereform position of the bureaucracy to the design of reform packages and the contentious politics of implementation. The authors use a common framework to assess the relative importance of political institutions, international influences, social groups, and reform strategies. They relate their core findings both to practical policy debates and to broader theoretical discussions in the social sciences.


Administrative Reform

Author by : Gerald E. Caiden
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 297
File Size : 51,6 Mb
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Description : What is administrative reform? How is it differentiated from other kinds of social reform? Who are administrative reformers and how do they approach their task? And who benefits and who suffers from it? Does a theory of administrative reform exist?A survey of published research on administrative reform reveals that satisfactory answers to these questions are handicapped by methodological and theoretical shortcomings. There are no common definitions, no agreement over content, no selected boundaries, no clear links with the wide phenomenon of social reform, no firm hypothesis tested by empirical findings, and no continuous dialogue between practitioners and theorists. This book is the first comprehensive and systematic treatment of the subject for professionals and students in the fields of public and private administration. It carefully examines the diverse interdisciplinary literature on the subject and identifies and develops the most promising approaches towards a unified theory.Caiden shows how the study of administrative reform can contribute substantially to the development of administrative theory, and constructs a working definition of the phenomenon of administrative reform, distinguishing it from social change and from administrative change. The practical use of this definition is tested by the analysis of various case histories of administrative cultures of different periods in history, from which a common cycle of reform processes is discerned. The author follows with a detailed examination of the processes themselves. The book concludes with a discussion of the obstacles to reform and a review of the author's findings and conclusions.


A Report On China S Administration Reform

Author by : Yukai WANG
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
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Total Read : 63
Total Download : 743
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Description : This book traces the history of China’s administrative reform in the past 35 years, focusing on the three phases of development, four guidelines and five major tasks of the reform since it is of great value to depict the entire process of China’s administrative system reform, analyzing the achievements, problems and prospects of the reform, and exploring experiences and lessons from the relationship between the administrative system reform and China’s economic, social and government transformation.


Change Management In Public Sector Reform

Author by : Helen Iskandar Bashir
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 269
File Size : 52,9 Mb
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Description : Nowadays governments find themselves challenged by new ideas, concepts and model s to achieve global standards of efficienc y and effectiveness. Change has becom e ironically constant in both private as well as public sectors around the world ; and the need to manage change has placed equal pressures on both sectors, espe cially government organizations to meet public expectations and service quality. However, there remains the question of the applicability of private sector tech niques such as change management to public sector and services development. The primary objective of this thesis was to study the effectiveness of communica tion and training in managing change in public services reform initiatives. We e xamined the Qatari Public Services Development Project (PSD Project) to see the extent to which communication was effective in bringing about commitment and und erstanding to the need for change, and the prospects of future implementation of the PSD Project activities. To achieve our purpose, the research relied on information gathered from a list of sources, which includes: books, newsletters, project reports and presentation s, workshops and others, both hard copies and web references. The major findings of this thesis were that government agencies differ in nature from private organizations, in terms of politics and public expectations; and a pplying private techniques suc h as change management, communication in specific, require full understanding of the politics of administrative reform. As for the Qatari PSD Pr oject, the outcomes of the first two phases show that message deliveries were in effective and delays in the communication process were apparent. However, there is a lot more to be done if the Communication and Training Plan is to be fully i mplemented till 2008.


International Aid Administrative Reform And The Politics Of Eu Accession

Author by : Artan Karini
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 506
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Description : This book provides a detailed analysis of the dimensions and dynamics of the role of international aid in the reform and capacity development of public service in post-communist Albania. It challenges the technocratic, results-based management frameworks used by aid organizations and reports of official donors operating in the country context, and offers a qualitative and critical assessment of the role of aid in administrative reform and capacity building. Secondly, the book highlights the specificity of the national politico-administrative context and its ability to modify the process of policy transfer from aid organizations to the Albanian bureaucracy. In doing so, it illustrates the domestic challenges in the transfer process towards policy learning and makes a valuable contribution to the debate over the (voluntary vs. coercive) administrative reform in Southeast Europe in relation to the politics of EU accession.


Governance For Development

Author by : N. Islam
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 121
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Description : Analyzing Bangladesh's governance problems and drawing insights that will be relevant to other developing countries, this book sharpens our understanding of governance and suggests political and administrative reforms to improve governance and facilitate faster development.


Theoretical Foundations And Discussions On The Reformation Process In Local Governments

Author by : Sadioglu, Ugur
Languange : en
Publisher by : IGI Global
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 711
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : Local government can be defined as a public entity acting as the sub-unit of a state or of a region, charged with the task of enforcing public policies. There have been many reforms of local government in recent years from the grassroots-led movement that took root in the 90’s to the overarching effects of globalization and decentralization. Local governments must adapt their practices in order to most effectively provide for their constituents. Theoretical Foundations and Discussions on the Reformation Process in Local Government addresses the effects of recent reforms in the political-administrative system of local governments and politics as well as future outlooks. It reviews the challenges, innovations, and lessons from local governments while providing theoretical perspectives on methods for positive reform. This book is a critical reference source for policy makers, government organizations, professionals, and actors in both local and international politics.


Politics Of Administrative Reform

Author by : Mohammad Mohabbat Khan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 79
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Description :


Public Administration In South Asia

Author by : Meghna Sabharwal
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 549
File Size : 52,5 Mb
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Description : A state-of-the-art, one-stop resource, Public Administration in South Asia: India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan examines public administration issues and advances in the Indian subcontinent. The book fulfills a critical need. These nations have the largest public administration programs in South Asia, yet existing knowledge on them is fragmented at best. Bringing together leading scholars from these countries, this book provides both an insider perspective and a scholarly look at the challenges and accomplishments in the region. Focusing on the machinery of government, the book explores questions such as: What is the history of public administration development? How are major decisions made in the agencies? Why are anti-corruption efforts so much a challenge? What is the significance of intergovernmental relations? What is the success of administrative reform? What are examples of successful social development programs? How successful is e-government, and what are its challenges? Why is civil service reform difficult to achieve? How is freedom of information being used as a means to combat corruption and invoke grassroots activism? What can be learned from the successes and failures? While public administration practice and education have become considerably professionalized in the last decade, a sufficiently in-depth and well-rounded reference on public administration in these countries is sorely lacking. Most available books tackle only aspects of public administration such as administrative reforms, civil service, economic developments, or public policy, and are country specific. None provide the in-depth analysis of the sphere of public action in South Asia found in this book. It supplies an understanding of how public administration can be either the source of, or solution to, so many of the problems and achievements in the Indian subcontinent.


Governance And The Depoliticisation Of Development

Author by : Wil Hout
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 374
File Size : 50,8 Mb
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Description : This book is about the way ‘governance’ has become the new orthodoxy of development, following earlier failed attempts at building working market economies through policy reform in developing countries. Considering how its proponents define ‘good governance’, the contributors to this volume assess why programmes of governance building in developing countries have proven to be no less problematic than the previous agendas of market reform. Governance and the Depoliticisation of Development challenges ideas that deeper political and social problems of development may be addressed by institutional or governance fixes. It examines the principles and prescriptions of ‘good’ governance as part of larger conflicts over power and its distribution. The volume provides: a series of case studies from Latin America, Middle East and Asia a link to current theorising on neoliberalism and the post-Washington Consensus a focus on governance at the global and national levels from a comparative perspective The collection will be essential reading for researchers and scholars of international political economy, governance studies and political science.


Auditing Good Government In Africa

Author by : M. Gustavson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 293
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Description : This book gives a comprehensive overview of the literature on development in Sub-Saharan Africa, and challenges the notions of African public officials presented there. It focuses on public audit institutions and offers rich empirical research results, which contradicts many assumptions made in the literature on development in Sub-Saharan Africa.


Civil Service Reform In Brazil

Author by : Lawrence S. Graham
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Texas Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 953
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : In the 1930s, during the authoritarian government of Getúlio Vargas, the Brazilian civil service reform movement began. Thirty-five years later, the actual administrative practices of the country did not adequately reflect the philosophy underlying this movement, a philosophy drawn from the reform experience and public administration theories of the United States and Western Europe. This book examines why these ideas, when transplanted to another cultural setting, did not take root and, further, why they unexpectedly proved to be most applicable in Brazil during periods of autocratic rule. These questions are highly relevant not only to Brazil, but equally to other developing countries struggling to create more effective national administrative systems. For this reason, and in order to evaluate the Brazilian reform experience within its total context (social, economic, and political), Lawrence S. Graham develops a broad conceptual framework. His focus is on the years between 1945 and 1964, a period which allowed a relatively free play of political forces but, ironically, produced a diminution in the success of the reform efforts when compared with the authoritarian governments which preceded and followed it. After a comparative consideration of the public administration theories behind the reform movement, Graham examines this period in terms of the political environment, the functions of political patronage, and the influences of a nascent national party. Finally, he juxtaposes the conditions and course of the Brazilian reform experience with those of the United States and Great Britain. Graham’s study of the Brazilian example, which does not pass judgment on the prevailing public personnel system, reveals the importance of understanding the total cultural context within which administrative principles are put into practice. Such an approach, wider than generally held in the field of public administration, may prove to be the most vital factor in the future of the civil service in Brazil and several other countries facing the same problems.


Public Management Reform In Turkey

Author by : Fatih Demir
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 799
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : This book discusses the Europeanization of Turkish public administration since the early 2000s, offering an analysis of the transformation and basic features and problems of Turkish public administration in relation to the EU accession process. The book consists of six chapters and a conclusion. The first chapter sets the stage by evaluating the public administration reforms in Turkey from the perspective of Europeanization and the European Administrative Space (EAS). The second chapter discusses the administrative procedures based on the European Union’s Charter of Fundamental Rights, and explains the EU’s relationship with accountable government and democracy. The third and fourth chapters examine the steps taken to improve civic participation in decision-making processes, and assess local governance reforms in Turkey with reference to Europeanization processes and the “policy windows” approach developed by Kingdon. The next chapter addresses regionalization in Europe and its parallels in Turkey, especially in the context of the foundation of regional development agencies. Lastly, the book presents the reactions to the fragmentation of government envisaged by New Public Management (NPM) reforms and describes practices beyond fashioning an integrated administration. It also explores the transformation of the executive organ in terms of its change in status, in relation to other centers of political power. The conclusion provides an overview of the apparent oscillation of Turkish public administration in the 21st century, in terms of Europeanization processes. This book is useful for academics studying public administration, public management reforms, Turkish politics, and the European Union, as well as government and diplomatic professionals in Turkey and the EU, especially those dealing with enlargement issues.


Social Service Reform In The Postcommunist State

Author by : Janelle A. Kerlin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Texas A&M University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 220
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Description : "In this detailed study, Janelle A. Kerlin demonstrates how and why reforms, intended to improve services and increase citizen participation in social service programming, largely failed to meet expected goals. The politics of reform development - including political deals, exclusionary tactics, and hidden maneuvering by Polish policymakers - prevented any significant upgrade of services or real change in decision-making structures." "Kerlin uses focused interviews with leading reform actors and a nationwide representative survey of two hundred public social service institutions to develop a model that connects the politics of the decentralization process with social service outcomes." "Not only students of the former Soviet bloc but also those interested in the links between politics and policy outcomes more broadly will find in this volume an informative and instructive case study that has far-reaching implications."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved


Comparative Studies And Regionally Focused Cases Examining Local Governments

Author by : Ugur Sadioglu
Languange : en
Publisher by : Information Science Reference
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 160
File Size : 49,9 Mb
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Description : In the era of globalization, comparative government and politics have come to the forefront due to the transformations of the social welfare state and the subsequent social, economic, political, cultural, technological and administrative changes. Taking a particular look at local government systems can uncover new perspectives on issues related to globalization, localization, governance, new democracy movements, managerial reformation, and privatization. Comparative Studies and Regionally-Focused Cases Examining Local Governments is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on the role played by local governments in overall administration, types and models of government at the local level, consequences of managerial reformations, and new develops regarding structure, process, personnel, and policymaking aspects of government. Highlighting relevant perspectives from comparative research and case studies, this book is ideally designed for students, government officials, politicians, civil society representatives, and academicians.


Korean Public Administration

Author by : Bun Woong Kim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Weatherhill, Incorporated
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 102
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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E Government And Administrative Reform In Germany And Vietnam

Author by : Detlef Briesen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 450
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description : E-government and its connection with administrative reforms are commonly regarded as important milestones for e-democracy and e-participation - although they have been poorly investigated so far. The book attempts to tap the potential of e-government in a pilot study for Germany and Vietnam. At first glance, such an approach seems daring, as the two countries differ considerably in their political systems. All the more surprising are the results reached by the German-Vietnamese working group. The findings on e-government and its service quality are disappointing for both countries. Even the question has arisen as to what advantages citizens can have through it. From the German perspective, critical voices on the potential of e-government for political participation and deliberation predominate. The Vietnamese side considers the possibilities for e-democracy, e-participation and in the fight against environmental pollution and corruption to be much more positive. It can be assumed that this is related to the greater leap in development made by countries such as Vietnam compared with Germany through information and communications technology. E-Government und sein Zusammenhang mit Verwaltungsreformen werden allgemein als wichtige Meilensteine für E-Demokratie und E-Partizipation angesehen - obwohl sie bisher nur unzureichend untersucht wurden. In einer Pilotstudie für Deutschland und Vietnam versucht das Buch, das Potenzial von E-Government zu erschließen. Auf den ersten Blick erscheint ein solcher Ansatz gewagt, da sich die beiden Länder in ihren politischen Systemen stark unterscheiden. Umso überraschender sind die Resultate der deutsch-vietnamesischen Arbeitsgruppe. Die Ergebnisse zum Thema E-Government und dessen Servicequalität sind für beide Länder enttäuschend. Es stellt sich sogar die Frage, welche Vorteile die Bürger durch es haben können. Aus deutscher Sicht dominieren kritische Stimmen über das Potenzial von E-Government für politische Partizipation und Del


Taking Stock

Author by : Guy Peters
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
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Total Read : 37
Total Download : 743
File Size : 40,6 Mb
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Description : In the last two decades governments have invested a great deal of time, money, and political capital in reforms to make the public sector more efficient. They have, however, invested little in evaluating the effectiveness of their efforts, accepting many of the reforms because of a belief in a particular approach to governing or an ideological commitment on the part of politicians. This collection of essays "takes stock" of these reform measures and their impact on public administration.


Administrative Reform In Post Mao China

Author by : Stephen K Ma
Languange : en
Publisher by : University Press of America
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 680
File Size : 43,7 Mb
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Description : This book analyzes China's bureaucratic behavior since the inauguration of administrative reform in the late 1970s. Although bureaucratic behavior in China in the past decade was increasingly corrupted, this aspect of China's post-Mao reform has not been subjected to a rigorous scrutiny. This book explores the gulf between desired and the actual bureaucratic behavior among China's public administrators. The author argues that this behavioral gap in China's modernization stems from several factors including the nation's cultural heritage, the ruling party's approach to government, and the absence of trusted, full-fledged academic groups assigned to advise on administrative reform. The book then probes one of the gravest consequences of the behavioral gap: 'reform corruption', a phenomenon which seems to be a mixed blessing of modernization.


Nordic Administrative Reforms

Author by : Carsten Greve
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave Macmillan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
Total Download : 289
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : This book is based on a unique data set and assesses in comparative terms the public management reforms in the five Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. Based on the assessments of administrative executives, the book compares the Nordic countries with the Anglo-Saxon, the Germanic, the Napoleonic and the East European group of countries. The book addresses the following questions: What reform trends are relevant in the public administrations of the Nordic countries? What institutional features characterize the state authorities in these countries? What characterizes the role identity, self-understanding, dominant values, and motivation of administrative executive in the Nordic countries? What characterizes reform processes, trends and content, what is the relevance of different types of management instruments, and what are their perceived effects and the perceived performance of the public administration? The book also examines how the different Nordic countries dealt with the financial crisis of 2008, and how the differences and similarities in their approaches can be explained.


Bureaucracy

Author by : Fuad Al-Omar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Institute of Policy Studies Victoria University of Welling
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 994
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Executive Politics In Times Of Crisis

Author by : Martin Lodge
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave Macmillan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 407
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description : Executive Politics in Times of Crisis brings together leading international scholars to consider key trends and challenges that have defined executive politics over the past decade. It showcases key debates in executive politics and contributes to an understanding of the 'executive factor' in political life.


Administrative Reform And National Economic Development

Author by : Kuotsai Tom Liou
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 649
File Size : 50,7 Mb
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Description : This was first published in 2000: Economic development has become one of the popular public policies in many developing and economic-transforming countries for the past few decades. Public policy makers and researchers have recognized that an effective administrative system is critical to the success of economic development and administrative reform is necessary to promote economic development. This book studies economic development policy by focusing on the relationship between administrative reform and economic development.