Digital atlas of traditional agricultural practices and food processing

Digital atlas of traditional agricultural practices and food processing
Author: R.T.J. Cappers
Publsiher: Barkhuis
Total Pages: 1996
Release: 2016-05-09
ISBN: 9492444003
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital atlas of traditional agricultural practices and food processing Book Excerpt:

The Digital atlas of traditional agricultural practices and food processing documents the various processes involved in the production of food-from working the fields through to processing the crops for food, fodder, and other purposes.

Digital atlas of traditional food made from cereals and milk

Digital atlas of traditional food made from cereals and milk
Author: R.T.J. Cappers
Publsiher: Barkhuis
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2018-07-15
ISBN: 9492444704
Category: Cooking
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital atlas of traditional food made from cereals and milk Book Excerpt:

Recent discussions about food safety and an awareness of vanishing traditions have resulted in an increasing interest in traditional foods and food heritage. The Digital atlas of traditional food made from cereals and milk explores the traditional food products that could have been made by transitional hunter-gatherers and the early farmers in south-west Asia by examining the traditional foods still being made today. The author has sampled traditional foods throughout south-west Asia, sometimes in large cities but more often in small villages or even remote farmhouses. His research shows that traditions can persist over a long period, but the rarity of some of the items he was able to collect also indicates that these foods represent an endangered mirror of our remote past. In the first part of the atlas, the author explores the basic principles of the processes applied to cereals and milk. What kinds of traditional foods can be considered representative of an ancient and unique traditional cuisine? Which technologies are necessary for their production? And how might these foods have been made on a large scale and with efficient use of fuel? How were they preserved for long periods? The atlas portion of the book presents well over 200 samples of traditional foods. Each sample includes a description with high-quality photographs.

Handbook of Plant Palaeoecology 2nd edition 2021

Handbook of Plant Palaeoecology  2nd edition 2021
Author: R.T.J. Cappers,R. Neef
Publsiher: Barkhuis
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2021-02-24
ISBN: 9493194264
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Plant Palaeoecology 2nd edition 2021 Book Excerpt:

This handbook is a completely revised version of the first edition, which was published in 2012. Plant palaeoecologists use data from plant fossils and plant subfossils to reconstruct ecosystems and food economies of the past. This book deals with the study of subfossil plant material retrieved from archaeological excavations and cores dated to the Late Glacial and the Holocene. One of the main objectives of this book is to describe the processes that underlie the formation of the archaeobotanical archive and the ultimate composition of the archaeobotanical record - being the data that are sampled and identified from this immense archive. Our understanding of these processes benefits from a knowledge of plant ecology and traditional agricultural practices and food processing. This handbook summarizes the basic ecological principles that relate to the reconstruction of former vegetation and of the agricultural practices in particular. This handbook is a completely revised version of the first edition, which was published in 2012. An important adaptation relates to new developments in the research on diaspores (seeds and fruits). This mainly concerns morphology, taxonomy, and ecology. We reduced the treatment of research on pollen somewhat, and we now present it in an equivalent manner to the other research disciplines. We have extended the cereals with millets, a variable group of grains that play an important role in the agricultural development of both Eurasia and northern Africa. The taxonomy is largely in line with new insights based on combined morphological and genetic research, as published by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. The findings of our ethno-archaeobotanical fieldwork have been extensively documented in the Digital atlas of traditional agricultural practices and food processing (Cappers et al., 2016) and the Digital atlas of traditional food made from cereals and milk (Cappers 2018). We have incorporated part of this information in a condensed format in this version of the handbook, including the typologies of fuel, harvesting implements, ovens, and traditional food. The website of the Digital Plant Atlas project (www.plantatlas.eu) offers the opportunity to examine photographs of plant parts and of processes related to agricultural practices and food processing in more detail, using extensive search tools.

T T Clark Handbook of Food in the Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel

T T Clark Handbook of Food in the Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel
Author: Janling Fu,Cynthia Shafer-Elliott,Carol Meyers
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2021-11-04
ISBN: 0567679810
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

T T Clark Handbook of Food in the Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel Book Excerpt:

Food and feasting are key themes in the Hebrew Bible and the culture it represents. The contributors to this handbook draw on a multitude of disciplines to offer an overview of food in the Hebrew Bible and ancient Israel. Archaeological materials from biblical lands, along with the recent interest in ethnographic data, a new focus in anthropology, and emerging technologies provide valuable information about ancient foodways. The contributors examine not only the textual materials of the Hebrew Bible and related epigraphic works, but also engage in a wider archaeological, environmental, and historical understanding of ancient Israel as it pertains to food. Divided into five parts, this handbook examines and considers environmental and socio-economic issues such as climate and trade, the production of raw materials, and the technology of harvesting and food processing. The cultural role of food and meals in festivals, holidays, and biblical regulations is also discussed, as is the way food and drink are treated in biblical texts, in related epigraphic materials, and in iconography.

A Manual for the Identification of Plant Seeds and Fruits

A Manual for the Identification of Plant Seeds and Fruits
Author: R.T.J. Cappers ,R.M. Bekker
Publsiher: Barkhuis
Total Pages: 399
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9493194345
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Manual for the Identification of Plant Seeds and Fruits Book Excerpt:

The taxonomic and ecological identification of individual seeds and fruits of wild and cultivated plants is not always straightforward. This book helps you to get started, and also serves as a basis for further identification. It describes the inflorescence(s) and infructescence(s) seen in each of a set of 30 plant families, as well as the morphology of the seeds and fruits (with special emphasis on typology), the dispersal units (diaspores), and, if present, heterodiaspory. The manual is richly illustrated with 640 colour photos of inflorescences, infructescences, seeds, fruits, and diaspores. Technical terms are described in a glossary. Indices of scientific plant names and subject names are included. This book will be of interest not only to those engaged in the identification of seeds and fruits, such as those who work in seed testing, but also to taxonomists, ecologists, archaeobotanists, and florists who wonder what they are looking at. This handbook is a completely revised version of the first edition, which was published in 2013. An important adaptation relates to new developments in plant taxonomy and the classification of fruits and diaspores. The number of plant families has been extended from 19 to 30. A Manual for the identification of plant seeds and fruits describes the following plant families: Amaranthaceae Apiaceae Asparagaceae Asteraceae Boraginaceae Brassicaceae Caprifoliaceae Caryophyllaceae Convolvulaceae Cucurbitaceae Cyperaceae Ericaceae Euphorbiaceae Fabaceae Geraniaceae Juncaceae Lamiaceae Linaceae Malvaceae Onagraceae Papaveraceae Plantaginaceae Poaceae Polygonaceae Primulaceae Ranunculaceae Rosaceae Rubiaceae Scrophulariaceae Solanaceae See this pdf for some example pages. This book is a publication of the Digital Plant Atlas project, a collaboration among palaeobotanists and ecologists of the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, in the Netherlands, and the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, in Berlin, Germany. The project aims to make plant reference collections accessible to a broader public of amateur and professional users via its website, www.plantatlas.eu. For the other publications, see this website and the Preface to this book.

Plant Food Processing Tools at Early Neolithic G bekli Tepe

Plant Food Processing Tools at Early Neolithic G  bekli Tepe
Author: Laura Dietrich
Publsiher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2021-12-23
ISBN: 1803270934
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Food Processing Tools at Early Neolithic G bekli Tepe Book Excerpt:

Plant Food Processing Tools at Early Neolithic Göbekli Tepe reconstructs plant food processing at this key Pre-Pottery Neolithic (9600-8000 BC) site, with an emphasis on cereals, legumes and herbs as food sources, on grinding and pounding tools for their processing, and on the vessels implied in the consumption of meals and beverages.

Climate Change and Ancient Societies in Europe and the Near East

Climate Change and Ancient Societies in Europe and the Near East
Author: Paul Erdkamp,Joseph G. Manning,Koenraad Verboven
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 623
Release: 2021-11-05
ISBN: 3030811034
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Ancient Societies in Europe and the Near East Book Excerpt:

Climate change over the past thousands of years is undeniable, but debate has arisen about its impact on past human societies. This book explores the link between climate and society in ancient worlds, focusing on the ancient economies of western Eurasia and northern Africa from the fourth millennium BCE up to the end of the first millennium CE. This book contributes to the multi-disciplinary debate between scholars working on climate and society from various backgrounds. The chronological boundaries of the book are set by the emergence of complex societies in the Neolithic on the one end and the rise of early-modern states in global political and economic exchange on the other. In order to stimulate comparison across the boundaries of modern periodization, this book ends with demography and climate change in early-modern and modern Italy, a society whose empirical data allows the kind of statistical analysis that is impossible for ancient societies. The book highlights the role of human agency, and the complex interactions between the natural environment and the socio-cultural, political, demographic, and economic infrastructure of any given society. It is intended for a wide audience of scholars and students in ancient economic history, specifically Rome and Late Antiquity.

News from the past Progress in African archaeobotany

News from the past  Progress in African archaeobotany
Author: Ursula Thanheiser
Publsiher: Barkhuis
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2016-05-27
ISBN: 949244402X
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

News from the past Progress in African archaeobotany Book Excerpt:

Most of the contributions in this volume were presented at the seventh International Workshop on African Archaeobotany (IWAA), held in Vienna, 2-5 July 2012. They address past interrelationships between people and plants as evident in the rich archaeobotanical, ethnographic, and linguistic record of Africa. Since its inception two decades ago, IWAA has developed into a tightly knit community of scholars from all continents who share a profound interest in African ways of plant exploitation, trade networks, questions of origin, domestication and subsequent dispersal of African crops, as well as the introduction of crops of Asian and American origin.

The missing woodland resources

The missing woodland resources
Author: Marian Berihuete-Azorín,María Martín Seijo,Oriol López-Bultó,Raquel Piqué
Publsiher: Barkhuis Publishing
Total Pages: 189
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9493194353
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The missing woodland resources Book Excerpt:

Woodlands are a key source of raw materials for many purposes since early Prehistory. Wood, bark, resin, leaves, fibres, fungi, moss, or tubers have been gathered to fulfill almost every human need. That led societies to develop specific technologies to acquire, manage, transform, elaborate, use, and consume these resources. The materials provided by woodlands covered a wide range of necessities such as food, shelter, clothing, or tool production, but they also provided resources employed for waterproofing, dying, medicine, and adhesives, among many others. All these technological processes and uses are commonly difficult to identify through the archaeological record. Some materials are exclusively preserved by charring or in anaerobic conditions at very exceptional sites or leave only a very slight trace behind them (e.g., containers). Consequently, they have received far less attention in archaeobotanical studies compared to other kind of plant materials consumed as food or firewood. This book provides an overview of technological uses of plants from the Palaeolithic to the Post-Medieval period. This collection of papers presents different archaeobotanical and archaeological studies dealing with the use of a wide range of woodland resources, most of them among the less visible for archaeology, such as bast, fibres and fungi. These papers present different approaches for their study combining archaeology, archaeobotany and ethnoarchaeology.

The Digital Agricultural Revolution

The Digital Agricultural Revolution
Author: Roheet Bhatnagar,Nitin Kumar Tripathi,Nitu Bhatnagar,Chandan Kumar Panda
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2022-05-17
ISBN: 1119823447
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Digital Agricultural Revolution Book Excerpt:

THE DIGITAL AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION The book integrates computational intelligence, applied artificial intelligence, and modern agricultural practices and will appeal to scientists, agriculturists, and those in plant and crop science management. There is a need for synergy between the application of modern scientific innovation in the area of artificial intelligence and agriculture, considering the major challenges from climate change consequences viz. rising temperatures, erratic rainfall patterns, the emergence of new crop pests, drought, flood, etc. This volume reports on high-quality research (theory and practice including prototype & conceptualization of ideas, frameworks, real-world applications, policy, standards, psychological concerns, case studies, and critical surveys) on recent advances toward the realization of the digital agriculture revolution as a result of the convergence of different disruptive technologies. The book touches upon the following topics which have contributed to revolutionizing agricultural practices. Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture (AI models and architectures, system design, real-world applications of AI, machine learning and deep learning in the agriculture domain, integration & coordination of systems and issues & challenges). IoT and Big Data Analytics Applications in Agriculture (theory & architecture and the use of various types of sensors in optimizing agriculture resources and final product, benefits in real-time for crop acreage estimation, monitoring & control of agricultural produce). Robotics & Automation in Agriculture Systems (Automation challenges, need and recent developments and real case studies). Intelligent and Innovative Smart Agriculture Applications (use of hybrid intelligence in better crop health and management). Privacy, Security, and Trust in Digital Agriculture (government framework & policy papers). Open Problems, Challenges, and Future Trends. Audience Researchers in computer science, artificial intelligence, electronics engineering, agriculture automation, crop management, and science.

Impacts of Climate Change and Economic and Health Crises on the Agriculture and Food Sectors

Impacts of Climate Change and Economic and Health Crises on the Agriculture and Food Sectors
Author: Martinho, Vítor João Pereira Domingues
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2022-02-18
ISBN: 1799895599
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impacts of Climate Change and Economic and Health Crises on the Agriculture and Food Sectors Book Excerpt:

The agricultural and food sectors, as well as other economic activities, follow the current trends verified in economies and societies on the technological level. Agriculture and the food sector are decisive in times of crisis to mitigate the consequences of unemployment generated by adverse cycles. A developed agriculture is fundamental to the sustainable economic development of any country, as it allows the supply of goods to satisfy basic needs at lower prices. Impacts of Climate Change and Economic and Health Crises on the Agriculture and Food Sectors provides a forum for discussing contemporary trends in the agricultural and food sectors. The themes presented in this publication make it possible to approximate the various and current dimensions related to food production. Covering topics such as food security, labor drivers, and sustainable development, this book is an excellent resource for farmers, SME owners, students and professors of higher education, researchers, public institutions, policymakers, and academicians.

FoodReview

FoodReview
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Agriculture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

FoodReview Book Excerpt:

Bioactive Compounds in Phytomedicine

Bioactive Compounds in Phytomedicine
Author: Iraj Rasooli
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2012-01-18
ISBN: 9533078057
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Compounds in Phytomedicine Book Excerpt:

There are significant concerns regarding the potential side effects from the chronic use of conventional drugs such as corticosteroids, especially in children. Herbal therapy is less expensive, more readily available, and increasingly becoming common practice all over the world. Such practices have both their benefits and risks. However, herbal self-therapy might have serious health consequences due to incorrect self-diagnosis, inappropriate choice of herbal remedy or adulterated herbal product. In addition, absence of clinical trials and other traditional safety mechanisms before medicines are introduced to the wider market results in questionable safe dosage ranges which may produce adverse and unexpected outcomes. Therefore, the use of herbal remedies requires sufficient knowledge about the efficacy, safety and proper use of such products. Hence, it is necessary to have baseline data regarding the use of herbal remedies and to educate future health professionals about various aspects of herbal remedies.

Toward Sustainability Through Digital Technologies and Practices in the Eurasian Region

Toward Sustainability Through Digital Technologies and Practices in the Eurasian Region
Author: Tazhina, Gainiya,Parker, Judith
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2020-03-13
ISBN: 1799825531
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toward Sustainability Through Digital Technologies and Practices in the Eurasian Region Book Excerpt:

In today’s modernized world, implementing technology into the infrastructures of communities has become a common custom. The idea of digital economy has proven to be an efficient, dynamic, and highly adaptable mode of performance, and regions across the globe have begun applying these digital approaches to their populated foundation. One region of the world that has recently begun using modern technologies is Eurasia. As they continue their technological transition from “theory” to “practice,” significant research is needed on the emergence of sustainability in these countries. Toward Sustainability Through Digital Technologies and Practices in the Eurasian Region is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the implementation of digital initiatives within Eurasian countries and their social and economic principles. While highlighting topics such as educational technologies, mobile applications, and sustainable business, this publication explores the cultural aspects and social interaction of digital applications within this region of the world. This book is ideally designed for economists, IT professionals, educators, researchers, social scientists, policymakers, academicians, and students.

OECD Regional Outlook 2016 Productive Regions for Inclusive Societies

OECD Regional Outlook 2016 Productive Regions for Inclusive Societies
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2016-10-11
ISBN: 9264260242
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

OECD Regional Outlook 2016 Productive Regions for Inclusive Societies Book Excerpt:

The OECD Regional Outlook 2016 examines the widening productivity gap across regions within countries, and the implications of these trends for the well-being of people living in different places.

Digital Soil Mapping

Digital Soil Mapping
Author: Janis L. Boettinger,David W. Howell,Amanda C. Moore,Alfred E. Hartemink,Suzann Kienast-Brown
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2010-06-28
ISBN: 9048188636
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Soil Mapping Book Excerpt:

Digital Soil Mapping is the creation and the population of a geographically referenced soil database. It is generated at a given resolution by using field and laboratory observation methods coupled with environmental data through quantitative relationships. Digital soil mapping is advancing on different fronts at different rates all across the world. This book presents the state-of-the art and explores strategies for bridging research, production, and environmental application of digital soil mapping.It includes examples from North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. The chapters address the following topics: - evaluating and using legacy soil data - exploring new environmental covariates and sampling schemes - using integrated sensors to infer soil properties or status - innovative inference systems predicting soil classes, properties, and estimating their uncertainties - using digital soil mapping and techniques for soil assessment and environmental application - protocol and capacity building for making digital soil mapping operational around the globe.

Digital Economy Complexity and Variety vs Rationality

Digital Economy  Complexity and Variety vs  Rationality
Author: Elena G. Popkova,Bruno S. Sergi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1055
Release: 2019-09-14
ISBN: 3030295869
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Economy Complexity and Variety vs Rationality Book Excerpt:

This proceedings book features selected papers from the 9th National Scientific and Practical Conference “Digital Economy: Complexity and Variety Vs. Rationality,” which took place on April 17–18, 2019, in Vladimir (Russian Federation). It presents the latest research in the field of the digital economy, discussing its role in the creation of advantages for the state, entrepreneurship, and society, as well as the emergence of new economic risks. The chapters address the following topics: the importance of economy’s digital modernization, tools for the formation of the digital economy in Russia, specific features and perspectives of digital modernization of the regional economy, an overview of the social consequences of transition to the digital economy, financial components of the digital economy, legal challenges regarding the digital reality for society and state, and the main challenges and threats to the profession of jurisprudence in the context of the digitization of the economy. Intended for representatives of the academic community and researchers interested in the formation of the digital economy and digital society as well as undergraduates, postgraduates, and masters of economic specialties, the book is also a valuable resource for companies that use or wishing to implement digital technologies into their economic practices; and public and government employees involved with monitoring, control, and regulation of the digital economy.

Asia Regional Synthesis for The State of the World s Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture

Asia Regional Synthesis for The State of the World   s Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 57
Release: 2019-12-19
ISBN: 9251320411
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Asia Regional Synthesis for The State of the World s Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture Book Excerpt:

The Asia Regional Synthesis for The State of the World’s Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture summarizes the state of biodiversity for food and agriculture in the region, based largely on information provided in eight country reports submitted to FAO as part of the reporting process for the report on The State of the World’s Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture. Biodiversity for food and agriculture is the diversity of plants, animals and micro-organisms at genetic, species and ecosystem levels, present in and around crop, livestock, forest and aquatic production systems. It is essential to the structure, functions and processes of these systems, to livelihoods and food security, and to the supply of a wide range of ecosystem services. It has been managed or influenced by farmers, livestock keepers, forest dwellers, fish farmers and fisherfolk for hundreds of generations. The report was originally prepared as supporting documentation for an informal regional consultation on the state of Asia’s biodiversity for food and agriculture, held in Bangkok, Thailand, in April 2016. It was later revised based on feedback received from the participants of the informal consultation. It provides a description of the drivers of change affecting the region’s biodiversity for food and agriculture and of its current status and trends. It also discusses the state of efforts to promote the sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity for food and agriculture in the region, including through the development of supporting policies, legal frameworks, institutions and capacities.

World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts

World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1973
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Agriculture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts Book Excerpt:

The Challenge of Sustainability in Agricultural Systems

The Challenge of Sustainability in Agricultural Systems
Author: Aleksei V. Bogoviz
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 913
Release: 2021-06-02
ISBN: 3030730972
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Challenge of Sustainability in Agricultural Systems Book Excerpt:

This book presents a multidisciplinary collection of original contributions made by the leading scholars and practitioners on researching, building, and maintaining sustainable agricultural systems. Being the first of its kind, the book is divided into two volumes. This book presents a comprehensive and informed review of the current state of multidisciplinary knowledge on sustainability in agriculture. The gaps in the scholarly literature are identified and rigorously analyzed, presenting a clear picture of the promising research directions. The authors critically analyze the very concept of sustainable agricultural systems, primarily focusing on the interactions existing between their integral components and with external environments. Relying on the provisions of complex systems science, the scholars then discuss the best approaches and methodologies used to build a comprehensive understanding of agricultural systems, with relation to achieving and maintaining their sustainability. More than that, this book holds two rich sections on (1) agricultural economics and (2) rural sustainability. Understanding sustainable development as a movement toward clearly defined and measurable goals, a set of chapters explore those policies, practices, technologies, and management systems that have an impact on the sustainability of agricultural systems. Agricultural sustainability is an urgent issue to be addressed, and this book makes a unique contribution. Due to its practical focus, the book appeals to practitioners and policymakers working in agricultural economics, governance, and sustainability, not just academics. This is also a valuable resource for graduate students interested in agricultural systems, sustainability, as well as complex systems theory and practice.