Durability of Concrete and Cement Composites

Durability of Concrete and Cement Composites
Author: Chris L. Page,M M Page
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2007-06-30
ISBN: 1845693396
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Durability of Concrete and Cement Composites Book Excerpt:

Whilst most structures made using concrete and cement-based composites have not shown signs of premature degradation, there have been notable exceptions. In addition, there is increasing pressure for new structures to remain in serviceable condition for long periods with only minimal maintenance before being recycled. All these factors have highlighted the issues of what affects the durability of these materials in different circumstances and how material properties can be measured and improved. Durability of concrete and cement composites summarises key research on these important topics. After an introductory chapter, the book reviews the pore structure and chemistry of cement-based materials, providing the foundation for understanding the particular aspects of degradation which are discussed in the following chapters. These include dimensional stability and cracking processes, chemical and microbiological degradation of concrete, corrosion of reinforcing and prestressing steels, deterioration associated with certain aggregates, effects of frost and problems involving fibre-reinforced and polymer-cement composites. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Durability of concrete and cement composites is a standard reference for all those concerned with improving the service life of structures using these materials. Analyses a range of materials such as reinforced steel in concrete, pre-stressed concrete and cement composites Discusses key degradation phenomena such as cracking processes and the impact of cold weather conditions A standard reference for those concerned with improving the service life of structures using concrete and cement based composites

Cement Based Composites

Cement Based Composites
Author: Andrzej M. Brandt
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 535
Release: 2009-01-29
ISBN: 0203889037
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cement Based Composites Book Excerpt:

Cement-Based Composites takes a different approach from most other books in the field by viewing concrete as an advanced composite material, and by considering the properties and behaviour of cement-based materials from this stance. It deals particularly, but not exclusively, with newer forms of cement-based materials. This new edition takes a critical approach to the subject as well as presenting up-to-date knowledge. Emphasis is given to non-conventional reinforcement and design methods, problems at the materials' interfaces and to the durability of structures. High strength composites and novel forms of cement-based composites are described in detail. After a basic introduction the book explores the various components of these materials and their properties. It then deals with mechanical properties and considers characteristics under various loading and environmental conditions, and concludes by examining design, optimization and economics with particular emphasis on high-performance concretes. Researchers, graduate students and practising engineers will find this book valuable.

Mechanics of Fiber and Textile Reinforced Cement Composites

Mechanics of Fiber and Textile Reinforced Cement Composites
Author: Barzin Mobasher
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 473
Release: 2011-09-20
ISBN: 1439806616
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanics of Fiber and Textile Reinforced Cement Composites Book Excerpt:

Among all building materials, concrete is the most commonly used-and there is a staggering demand for it. However, as we strive to build taller structures with improved seismic resistance or durable pavement with an indefinite service life, we require materials with better performance than the conventional materials used today. Considering the enor

Construction Materials

Construction Materials
Author: Marios Soutsos,Peter Domone
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 820
Release: 2017-10-10
ISBN: 1351674625
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Construction Materials Book Excerpt:

This established textbook provides an understanding of materials’ behaviour through knowledge of their chemical and physical structure. It covers the main classes of construction materials: metals, concrete, other ceramics (including bricks and masonry), polymers, fibre composites, bituminous materials, timber, and glass. It provides a clear and comprehensive perspective on the whole range of materials used in modern construction, to form a must-have for civil and structural engineering students, and those on courses such as architecture, surveying and construction. It begins with a Fundamentals section followed by a section on each of the major groups of materials. In this new edition: - The section on fibre composites FRP and FRC has been completely restructured and updated. - Typical questions with answers to any numerical examples are given at the end of each section, as well as an instructor’s manual with further questions and answers. - The links in all parts have also been updated and extended, including links to free reports from The Concrete Centre, as well as other online resources and material suppliers’ websites.

A Framework for Durability Design with Strain Hardening Cement Based Composites SHCC

A Framework for Durability Design with Strain Hardening Cement Based Composites  SHCC
Author: Gideon P.A.G. van Zijl,Volker Slowik
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2017-01-05
ISBN: 9402410139
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Framework for Durability Design with Strain Hardening Cement Based Composites SHCC Book Excerpt:

This book captures the state of the art of the durability of fibre-reinforced strain-hardening cement-based composites (SHCC) and the durability of structures or structural elements manufactured in full or in part with this class of modern construction materials. Highlights include: - Reflection on durability performance of existing applications in patch repair, a water reservoir and highway bridges. - Guidelines for tensile testing towards durability assessment of cracked SHCC. - New crack pattern related ingress rate indices for water and chloride into cracked SHCC. - The influence of low and high temperatures on SHCC durability performance. - The mechanism of crack control reducing ASR and corrosion rate, and results on chloride-induced corrosion of embedded steel reinforcement. - Self-healing of cracks in SHCC. - A conceptual durability design framework for SHCC and R/SHCC structures and members.

Concrete Petrography

Concrete Petrography
Author: Alan B. Poole,Ian Sims
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2016-12-19
ISBN: 1466583827
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concrete Petrography Book Excerpt:

This classic reference has established the value of petrography as a powerful method for the investigation of concrete as a material. It provides an authoritative and well-illustrated review of concrete composition and textures, including the causes of defects, deterioration, and failure that can be identified using a petrological microscope. This new edition is entirely revised and updated and also greatly extended to take account of new scientific developments and significant improvements in instrumentation and to reflect current laboratory working practices, as well as to reflect new understanding of the performance of concrete and related materials. Now in full color throughout, Concrete Petrography, Second Edition provides case study examples, with appropriate explanatory discussions and practical advice on selecting, handling and preparing specimens. It assists and guides the engineer, the trainee and the experienced petrographer in understanding the scientific evidence that is basic to petrographic analysis and so will lead to more accurate and timely diagnosis and treatment of problems in structural concrete. This book includes: Contributions in specialist areas by internationally recognized experts Explanation of computer techniques as an aid to petrography Full coverage of inspection, sampling, and specimen preparation New sections covering recent technological development of equipment Guidance on observation of cement and concrete mineralogy and microfabrics Discussion and illustrative examples of deterioration and failure mechanisms New work and guidance on the determination of water/cement ratio New color illustrations and micrographs throughout Thorough updating of standards, other authoritative publications, and references A fully revised, extended, and updated glossary of optical and other properties

Lea s Chemistry of Cement and Concrete

Lea s Chemistry of Cement and Concrete
Author: Peter Hewlett,Martin Liska
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2019-03-06
ISBN: 0081007957
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lea s Chemistry of Cement and Concrete Book Excerpt:

Lea's Chemistry of Cement and Concrete, Fifth Edition, examines the suitability and durability of different types of cements and concretes, their manufacturing techniques and the role that aggregates and additives play in achieving concrete's full potential of delivering a high-quality, long-lasting, competitive and sustainable product. Provides a 60% revision over the fourth edition last published in 2004 Includes updated chapters that represent the latest technological advances in the industry, including, but not exclusive to the production of low-energy cements, cement admixtures and concrete aggregates Presents expanded coverage of the suitability and durability of materials aggregates and additives

Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications

Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications
Author: R Fangueiro
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2011-04-19
ISBN: 0857092529
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications Book Excerpt:

The use of fibrous materials in civil engineering, both as structural reinforcement and in non-structural applications such as geotextiles, is an important and interesting development. Fibrous and composite materials for civil engineering applications analyses the types and properties of fibrous textile and structures and their applications in reinforcement and civil engineering. Part one introduces different types of fibrous textiles and structures. Chapters cover the properties of natural and man-made fibres and of yarns, as well as an overview of textile structures. Part two focuses on fibrous material use in concrete reinforcement, with chapters on the properties and applications of steel fibre reinforced concrete, natural fibre reinforced concrete and the role of fibre reinforcement in mitigating shrinkage cracks. In part three, the applications of fibrous material-based composites in civil engineering are covered. Chapters concentrate on production techniques and applications such as reinforcement of internal structures, structural health monitoring and textile materials in architectural membranes. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Fibrous and composite materials for civil engineering applications is a standard reference for fabric and composite manufacturers, civil engineers and professionals, as well as academics with a research interest in this field. Explores the development of fibrous materials in civil engineering, both as structural reinforcement and in non-structural applications such as geotextiles Key topics include short fibre reinforced concrete, natural fibre reinforced concrete and high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composites A standard reference for fabric and composite manufacturers, civil engineers and professionals, as well as academics with a research interest in this field

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2
Author: A.E. Naaman,H.W. Reinhardt
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 502
Release: 1996-06-20
ISBN: 9780419211808
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2 Book Excerpt:

The leading international authorities bring together in this contributed volume the latest research and current thinking on advanced fiber reinforced cement composites. Under rigorous editorial control, 13 chapters map out the key properties and behaviour of these materials, which promise to extend their applications into many more areas in the coming years.

Construction Materials

Construction Materials
Author: Peter Domone,John Illston
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2018-10-03
ISBN: 1351988417
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Construction Materials Book Excerpt:

So far in the twenty-first century, there have been many developments in our understanding of materials’ behaviour and in their technology and use. This new edition has been expanded to cover recent developments such as the use of glass as a structural material. It also now examines the contribution that material selection makes to sustainable construction practice, considering the availability of raw materials, production, recycling and reuse, which all contribute to the life cycle assessment of structures. As well as being brought up-to-date with current usage and performance standards, each section now also contains an extra chapter on recycling. Covers the following materials: metals concrete ceramics (including bricks and masonry) polymers fibre composites bituminous materials timber glass. This new edition maintains our familiar and accessible format, starting with fundamental principles and continuing with a section on each of the major groups of materials. It gives you a clear and comprehensive perspective on the whole range of materials used in modern construction. A must have for Civil and Structural engineering students, and for students of architecture, surveying or construction on courses which require an understanding of materials.

Durability of Strain Hardening Fibre Reinforced Cement Based Composites SHCC

Durability of Strain Hardening Fibre Reinforced Cement Based Composites  SHCC
Author: G.P.A.G. Van Zijl,F.H. Wittmann
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2010-12-06
ISBN: 9400703384
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Durability of Strain Hardening Fibre Reinforced Cement Based Composites SHCC Book Excerpt:

Strain-Hardening Fibre-Reinforced Cement-Based Composites (SHCC) were named after their ability to resist increased tensile force after crack formation, over a significant tensile deformation range. The increased resistance is achieved through effective crack bridging by fibres, across multiple cracks of widths in the micro-range. Whether these small crack widths are maintained under sustained, cyclic or other load paths, and whether the crack width limitation translates into durability through retardation of ingress of moisture, gas and other deleterious matter, are scrutinized in this book by evaluation of test results from several laboratories internationally. The durability of SHCC under mechanical, chemical, thermal and combined actions is considered, both for the composite and the fibre types typically used in SHCC. The compilation of this state-of-the-art report has been an activity of the RILEM TC 208-HFC, Subcommittee 2: Durability, during the committee life 2005-2009.

Simulating the Durability Mechanics of Cement Composites

Simulating the Durability Mechanics of Cement Composites
Author: Zhen Li
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2007
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Simulating the Durability Mechanics of Cement Composites Book Excerpt:

Smart Technologies for Energy Environment and Sustainable Development

Smart Technologies for Energy  Environment and Sustainable Development
Author: Mohan Kolhe,S. B. Jaju,P. M. Diagavane
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9811668752
Category: Electronic books
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Technologies for Energy Environment and Sustainable Development Book Excerpt:

This book contains select proceedings of the International Conference on Smart Technologies for Energy, Environment, and Sustainable Development (ICSTEESD 2020). The book is broadly divided into the themes of energy, environment, and sustainable development; and discusses the significance and solicitations of intelligent technologies in the domain of energy and environmental systems engineering. Topics covered in this book include sustainable energy systems including renewable technologies, energy efficiency, techno-economics of energy system and policies, integrated energy system planning, environmental management, energy efficient buildings and communities, sustainable transportation, smart manufacturing processes, etc. The book will be a valuable reference for young researchers, professionals, and policy makers working in the areas of energy, environment and sustainable development.

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
Author: Luca Bertolini,Bernhard Elsener,Pietro Pedeferri,Elena Redaelli,Rob B. Polder
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2013-02-26
ISBN: 3527651713
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Book Excerpt:

Steel-reinforced concrete is used ubiquitously as a building material due to its unique combination of the high compressive strength of concrete and the high tensile strength of steel. Therefore, reinforced concrete is an ideal composite material that is used for a wide range of applications in structural engineering such as buildings, bridges, tunnels, harbor quays, foundations, tanks and pipes. To ensure durability of these structures, however, measures must be taken to prevent, diagnose and, if necessary, repair damage to the material especially due to corrosion of the steel reinforcement. The book examines the different aspects of corrosion of steel in concrete, starting from basic and essential mechanisms of the phenomenon, moving up to practical consequences for designers, contractors and owners both for new and existing reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. It covers general aspects of corrosion and protection of reinforcement, forms of attack in the presence of carbonation and chlorides, problems of hydrogen embrittlement as well as techniques of diagnosis, monitoring and repair. This second edition updates the contents with recent findings on the different topics considered and bibliographic references, with particular attention to recent European standards. This book is a self-contained treatment for civil and construction engineers, material scientists, advanced students and architects concerned with the design and maintenance of reinforced concrete structures. Readers will benefit from the knowledge, tools, and methods needed to understand corrosion in reinforced concrete and how to prevent it or keep it within acceptable limits.

Strain Hardening Cement Composites Structural Design and Performance

Strain Hardening Cement Composites  Structural Design and Performance
Author: Kanakubo Toshiyuki,Petr Kabele,Hiroshi Fukuyama,Yuichi Uchida,Haruhiko Suwada,Volker Slowik
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 90
Release: 2012-09-25
ISBN: 9400748361
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strain Hardening Cement Composites Structural Design and Performance Book Excerpt:

Strain Hardening Cement Composites, SHCC hereafter, demonstrate excellent mechanical behavior showing tensile strain hardening and multiple fine cracks. This strain hardening behavior improves the durability of concrete structures employing SHCC and the multiple fine cracks enhance structural performance. Reliable tensile performance of SHCC enables us to design structures explicitly accounting for SHCC’s tensile properties. Reinforced SHCC elements (R/SHCC) indicate large energy absorbing performance under large seismic excitation. Against various types of loads, R/SHCC elements can be designed by superimposing re-bar performance and SHCC’s tensile performance. This report focuses on flexural design, shear design, FE modeling and anti-seismic design of R/SHCC elements as well as application examples. Establishing design methods for new materials usually leads to exploring application areas and this trend should be demonstrated by collecting actual application examples of SHCC in structures.

Textile Reinforced Cement Composites

Textile Reinforced Cement Composites
Author: Jan Wastiels,Tine Tysmans
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2020-03-05
ISBN: 3039283308
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textile Reinforced Cement Composites Book Excerpt:

This Special Issue presents the latest advances in the field of Textile-Reinforced Cement Composites, including Textile-Reinforced Concrete (TRC), Textile-Reinforced Mortar (TRM), Fabric-Reinforced Cementitious Matrix (FRCM), etc. These composite materials distinguish themselves from other fibre-reinforced concrete materials by their strain-hardening behaviour under tensile loading. This Special Issue is composed of 14 papers covering new insights in structural and material engineering. The papers include investigations on the level of the fibre reinforcement system as well as on the level of the composites, investigating their impact and fatigue behaviour, durability and fire behaviour. Both the strengthening of existing structures and the development of new structural systems such as lightweight sandwich systems are presented, and analysis and design methods are discussed. This Special Issue demonstrates the broadness and intensity of the ongoing advancements in the field of Textile-Reinforced Cement composites and the importance of several future research directions.

Textile Reinforced Concrete

Textile Reinforced Concrete
Author: Alva Peled,Arnon Bentur,Barzin Mobasher
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 473
Release: 2017-08-07
ISBN: 1482282488
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textile Reinforced Concrete Book Excerpt:

Textile reinforced concrete (TRC) has emerged in recent years as an attractive new high performance cement-based composite. Textiles can significantly improve the mechanical behavior of cement matrices under static and dynamic conditions, and give superior tensile strength, toughness, ductility, energy absorption and protection against environmental degrading influences. Flexibility with fabric production methods enables the control of fabric and yarn geometry. This, along with the ability to incorporate into the fabric a range of yarns of different types and performances, as well as cement matrix modifications, enables design of the composite to a wide range of needs. The book is intended to provide a comprehensive treatment of TRC, covering the basic fundamentals of the composite material itself and the principles governing its performance on a macro-scale as a component in a structure. It provides in-depth treatment of the fabric, methods for production of the composite, the micro-mechanics with special attention to the role of bonding and microstructure, behavior under static and dynamic loading, sustainability, design, and the applications of TRC composites.

Brittle Matrix Composites 10

Brittle Matrix Composites 10
Author: A M Brandt,M A Glinicki,J Olek,C K Y Leung
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2012-11-12
ISBN: 0857099892
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brittle Matrix Composites 10 Book Excerpt:

The subjects of the symposia are on composite materials behaving as brittle, normal and special conditions of exploitation. Brittle matrix composites are applied in various domains and the series of symposia are closely related to their applications in civil engineering. In the last decades their importance is increasing along with their variety and the use of most advanced methods of testing. Papers include concretes, fibre concretes and ceramics, particularly their composition, microstructure and fracture processes. Various new and advanced engineering problems are presented in the papers.

Brittle Matrix Composites 9

Brittle Matrix Composites 9
Author: A M Brandt,J Olek,I H Marshall
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2009-11-30
ISBN: 085709307X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brittle Matrix Composites 9 Book Excerpt:

The subjects of the symposia are on composite materials with matrices behaving as brittle in normal or special conditions. Brittle matrix composites are applied in various domains (civil engineering, mechanical equipment and machinery, vehicles, etc.) and in the last decades their importance is increasing together with their variety. Papers include: aggregate-binder composites (concretes, fibre concretes, rocks); sintered materials (ceramics); high strength composites with brittle matrices. In principle, the general problems of structures made of composite materials are not included in the papers. Various approaches to the material engineering problems are presented in the papers.

Alkali Activated Cement Composites for High Temperature Geothermal Wells

Alkali Activated Cement Composites for High Temperature Geothermal Wells
Author: Toshifumi Sugama,Tatiana Pyatina
Publsiher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2018-01-04
ISBN: 1618964151
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alkali Activated Cement Composites for High Temperature Geothermal Wells Book Excerpt:

This study aimed to design multifunctional high-temperature foamed and non-foamed geothermal well cement composites encompassing the following five advanced properties, by comparison with two geothermal well cement systems, Class G/silica flour and/or calcium aluminate phosphate: 1) TS resistance based on 500℃ or 600℃ heating-25℃ water quenching cycle tests; 2) compressive toughness; 3) protection of the CS against brine corrosion; 4) adherence of the cement to the CS and post-TS bond durability; 5) reduced acid-scale corrosion and erosion. Furthermore, we experimentally investigated set-controlling additives and their corresponding set-retarding chemistry.