Ecology of Saprotrophic Basidiomycetes

Ecology of Saprotrophic Basidiomycetes
Author: Lynne Boddy,Juliet Frankland,Pieter van West
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2007-12-29
ISBN: 0080551505
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecology of Saprotrophic Basidiomycetes Book Excerpt:

The breadth and depth of understanding of many areas concerning basidiomycetes has increased dramatically since the premier publication of Frankland et al., Decomposer Basidiomycetes: their Biology and Ecology. New vistas have opened up with the advent of powerful computing, modeling and molecular approaches helping to greatly increase the general understanding of the ecology of basidiomycetes. This is tantamount to understanding the role of fungi in natural ecosystems because they are major agents of decomposition and nutrient cycling. These remarkable advances have been incorporated into this volume that discusses all aspects of saprotrophic basidiomycete ecology.

Ecology of saprotrophic basidiomycetes

Ecology of saprotrophic basidiomycetes
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Basidiomycetes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecology of saprotrophic basidiomycetes Book Excerpt:

The Fungal Kingdom

The Fungal Kingdom
Author: Joseph Heitman,Barbara J. Howlett,Pedro W. Crous,Eva H. Stukenbrock,Timothy Yong James,Neil A. R. Gow
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1136
Release: 2020-07-10
ISBN: 1555819583
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Fungal Kingdom Book Excerpt:

Fungi research and knowledge grew rapidly following recent advances in genetics and genomics. This book synthesizes new knowledge with existing information to stimulate new scientific questions and propel fungal scientists on to the next stages of research. This book is a comprehensive guide on fungi, environmental sensing, genetics, genomics, interactions with microbes, plants, insects, and humans, technological applications, and natural product development.

Biodiversity in Dead Wood

Biodiversity in Dead Wood
Author: Jogeir N. Stokland,Juha Siitonen,Bengt Gunnar Jonsson
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2012-04-26
ISBN: 1107377560
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity in Dead Wood Book Excerpt:

Fossils document the existence of trees and wood-associated organisms from almost 400 million years ago, and today there are between 400,000 and 1 million wood-inhabiting species in the world. This is the first book to synthesise the natural history and conservation needs of wood-inhabiting organisms. Presenting a thorough introduction to biodiversity in decaying wood, the book studies the rich diversity of fungi, insects and vertebrates that depend upon dead wood. It describes the functional diversity of these organisms and their specific habitat requirements in terms of host trees, decay phases, tree dimensions, microhabitats and the surrounding environment. Recognising the threats posed by timber extraction and forest management, the authors also present management options for protecting and maintaining the diversity of these species in forests as well as in agricultural landscapes and urban parks.

The Fungal Community

The Fungal Community
Author: John Dighton,James F. White
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 597
Release: 2017-03-16
ISBN: 1498706673
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Fungal Community Book Excerpt:

"...a number of chapters provide excellent summaries of the modern methods available for studying fungal ecology, along with those more traditional methods that are still extremely valuable...overall it is a hugely valuable compendium of fungal ecology research. It is a must for the library shelf." -Lynne Boddy, Cardiff University, UK, Mycological Research, 2006 "These 44 chapters are an excellent starting point for anyone interested in fungal communities, in the broadest sense of the term. It is a book for dipping into...may be the last comprehensive treatment of fungal communities before the molecular revolution." -Meriel Jones, University of Liverpool, UK, Microbiology Today "... the scope of the work is tremendous. ... Excellent chapters providing overviews of methods ... provide a snap shot of the current approaches used to understand fungal communities at several levels of organization. This book should probably be on the shelf of every student of mycology, and many ecologists too. For all students, this book should be a valuable resource and source of inspiration." -Daniel Henk, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, London, in Inoculum, Vol. 59, No. 3, May 2008 "Thorough taxonomic and subject indices further aid the reader in navigating through multiple authors’ treatments of subjects of interest." - Anthony Amend, Department of Botany, University of Hawaii at Manoa in Economic Botany, V. 61 In all subjects in science, new findings and the use of new technologies allow us to develop an ever-greater understanding of our world. Expanded and updated coverage in the fourth edition includes: Adds new sections on Integrating Genomics and Metagenomics into Community Analysis, Recent Advances in Fungal Endophyte Research, Fungi in the Built Environment, and Fungal Signaling and Communication Includes a broader treatment of fungal communities in natural ecosystems with in-depth coverage of fungal adaptations to stress and conservation Expands coverage of the influence of climate change on fungi and the role of fungi in organically polluted ecosystems Includes contributions from scientists from 20 nations to illustrate a true global approach for bridging gaps between ecological concepts and mycology

Advances in Macrofungi

Advances in Macrofungi
Author: Kandikere Ramaiah Sridhar,Sunil Kumar Deshmukh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2019-01-30
ISBN: 0429995814
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Macrofungi Book Excerpt:

Advances in Macrofungi: Diversity, Ecology and Biotechnology discusses the diversity and ecology of edible, toxic, medicinal and mycorrhizal macrofungi; the impact of ectomycorrhizal fungi in terrestrial ecosystems, ectomycorrhizal complex in Boreal forests and commercial application of Pseudotsuga in silviculture; the nutritional evaluation and cultivation of edible wild mushrooms; the diversity of novel metabolites of macrofungi useful in food, pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical industries; mushrooms as tool for eco-friendly synthesis of nanoparticles and proteomics of edible and medicinal mushrooms. In addition, it covers experimental designs, methodological approaches, biogeochemical cycles, conceptual/hypothetical models and life history strategies, linking mycorrhizal diversity to plant performance, chemotaxonomy, role of mycorrhizae in forestry and macrofungi in nanotechnology. It provides a valuable resource to graduate, post-graduate and researchers (in botany, microbiology, ecology, biotechnology, forestry, life sciences and environmental sciences) to understand the diversity, ecology, therapeutic value, mutualistic associations and biotechnological potential of macrofungi.

Fungi as Bioremediators

Fungi as Bioremediators
Author: Ebrahim Mohammadi Goltapeh,Younes Rezaee Danesh,Ajit Varma
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 489
Release: 2013-02-06
ISBN: 3642338119
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fungi as Bioremediators Book Excerpt:

Biological remediation methods have been successfully used to treat polluted soils. While bacteria have produced good results in bioremediation for quite some time now, the use of fungi to decontaminate soils has only recently been established. This volume of Soil Biology discusses the potentials of filamentous fungi in bioremediation. Fungi suitable for degradation, as well as genetically modified organisms, their biochemistry, enzymology, and practical applications are described. Chapters include topics such as pesticide removal, fungal wood decay processes, remediation of soils contaminated with heavy and radioactive metals, of paper and cardboard industrial wastes, and of petroleum pollutants.

Agroecosystems

Agroecosystems
Author: Marcelo L. Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2021-04-07
ISBN: 183880384X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agroecosystems Book Excerpt:

This book, “Agroecosystems – Very Complex Environmental Systems”, aims to present an update on different aspects associated with the importance of sustainable agriculture. It was our intention to gather information from diverse sources in this volume and to give some real-life examples, extending the appreciation of the complexity of this subject in a way that may stimulate new approaches in relevant fields.

Environmental and Microbial Relationships

Environmental and Microbial Relationships
Author: Irina S. Druzhinina,Christian P. Kubicek
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2016-03-18
ISBN: 3319295322
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental and Microbial Relationships Book Excerpt:

This volume provides insights into current research on fungal populations, communities and their interactions with other organisms. It focuses on fungal responses to the physical environment; interactions with bacteria, other fungi, invertebrates and plants; the role of fungi in ecosystem processes such as decomposition and nutrient cycling; and aspects of biogeography and conservation. Since the publication of the second edition of Volume IV in 2007, the massive use of “omics” methods has revolutionized our understanding of fungal lifestyles. Highlighting these advances, the third edition has been completely updated and revised. Several chapters deal with various applications of genomics and transcriptomics in biological pest control, as well as interactions with other living systems. This is an invaluable source of information both for scientists who wish to update their knowledge of current advances and for graduate students interested in obtaining a comprehensive introduction to this field of research.

21st Century Guidebook to Fungi

21st Century Guidebook to Fungi
Author: David Moore,Geoffrey D. Robson,Anthony P. J. Trinci
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-05-31
ISBN: 1108807844
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

21st Century Guidebook to Fungi Book Excerpt:

The mysterious world of fungi is once again unearthed in this expansive second edition. This textbook provides readers with an all-embracing view of the kingdom fungi, ranging in scope from ecology and evolution, diversity and taxonomy, cell biology and biochemistry, to genetics and genomics, biotechnology and bioinformatics. Adopting a unique systems biology approach - and using explanatory figures and colour illustrations - the authors emphasise the diverse interactions between fungi and other organisms. They outline how recent advances in molecular techniques and computational biology have fundamentally changed our understanding of fungal biology, and have updated chapters and references throughout the book in light of this. This is a fascinating and accessible guide, which will appeal to a broad readership - from aspiring mycologists at undergraduate and graduate level to those studying related disciplines. Online resources are hosted on a complementary website.

Handbook of Soil Sciences Two Volume Set

Handbook of Soil Sciences  Two Volume Set
Author: Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 2272
Release: 2018-10-03
ISBN: 1439803048
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Soil Sciences Two Volume Set Book Excerpt:

An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for co

Earthworm Ecology

Earthworm Ecology
Author: Clive A. Edwards
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2004-03-29
ISBN: 1420039717
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earthworm Ecology Book Excerpt:

Since the publication of the highly-successful first edition of Earthworm Ecology, there were two international symposia and an increased number of publications on the subject, demanding a revision of the book that addresses the most rapidly developing areas of earthworm research. Earthworm Ecology, Second Edition updates the most comprehens

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil
Author: Nancy Collins Johnson,Catherine Gehring,Jan Jansa
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2016-11-03
ISBN: 0128043830
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil Book Excerpt:

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil: Fertility, Structure, and Carbon Storage offers a better understanding of mycorrhizal mediation that will help inform earth system models and subsequently improve the accuracy of global carbon model predictions. Mycorrhizas transport tremendous quantities of plant-derived carbon below ground and are increasingly recognized for their importance in the creation, structure, and function of soils. Different global carbon models vary widely in their predictions of the dynamics of the terrestrial carbon pool, ranging from a large sink to a large source. This edited book presents a unique synthesis of the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems, as well as a clear examination of new discoveries and challenges for the future, to inform land management practices that preserve or increase below ground carbon storage. Synthesizes the abundance of research on the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems from a variety of leading international researchers Focuses on the specific role of mycorrhizal fungi in soil processes, with an emphasis on soil development and carbon storage, including coverage of cutting-edge methods and perspectives Includes a chapter in each section on future avenues for further study

Soil Enzymology

Soil Enzymology
Author: Girish Shukla,Ajit Varma
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2010-10-17
ISBN: 3642142257
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Enzymology Book Excerpt:

Soil enzymes are one of the vital key mediators involved in nutrient recycling and the decomposition of organic matter and thereby in maintaining soil quality and fertility. This Soil Biology volume covers the various facets of soil enzymes, such as their functions, biochemical and microbiological properties and the factors affecting their activities. Enzymes in the rhizosphere, in forest soils, and in volcanic ash-derived soils are described. Soil enzymes covered include phosphohydrolases, lignocellulose-degrading enzymes, phenol oxidases, fungal oxidoreductases, keratinases, pectinases, xylanases, lipases and pectinases. Several chapters treat the soil enzymatic activities in the bioremediation of soils contaminated with pesticides and pollutants such as oil, chlorinated compounds, synthetic dyes and aromatic hydrocarbons. The role of soil enzymes as bioindicators is a further important topic addressed.

Changes in Forest Ecosystem Nutrition

Changes in Forest Ecosystem Nutrition
Author: Friederike Lang,Roland Bol,Jaane Krüger,Sebastian Loeppmann,Klaus Kaiser,Stephan Hättenschwiler
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-10-18
ISBN: 2889714993
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Changes in Forest Ecosystem Nutrition Book Excerpt:

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
Author: Francis Martin
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2016-10-26
ISBN: 1118951433
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book Excerpt:

Recent years have seen extensive research in the molecular underpinnings of symbiotic plant-fungal interactions. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is a timely collection of work that will bridge the gap between molecular biology, fungal genomics, and ecology. A more profound understanding of mycorrhizal symbiosis will have broad-ranging impacts on the fields of plant biology, mycology, crop science, and ecology. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis will open with introductory chapters on the biology, structure and phylogeny of the major types of mycorrhizal symbioses. Chapters then review different molecular mechanisms driving the development and functioning of mycorrhizal systems and molecular analysis of mycorrhizal populations and communities. The book closes with chapters that provide an overall synthesis of field and provide perspectives for future research. Authoritative and timely, Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, will be an essential reference from those working in plant and fungal biology.

Freshwater Fungi

Freshwater Fungi
Author: E. B. Gareth Jones,Kevin D Hyde,Ka-Lai Pang
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2014-08-27
ISBN: 3110333481
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Freshwater Fungi Book Excerpt:

The available literature on freshwater fungi is limited. Over the subsequent years a considerable volume of scientific papers have appeared scattered throughout numerous journals. There is therefore no recent synthesis of the subject and this is the objective of the proposed book. Freshwater habitats are rich in fungi with some 3,000 described species, most of papers focussing on their identification, substrata they grow on and world distribution. However, these fungi play an important role in the freshwater ecosystem, and are primarily involved in the breakdown of leaf litter contributing food for detritus feeders. Our book will bring together a wide range of acclaimed mycologists to review recent developments on the biology and ecology of freshwater fungi, particularly their molecular phylogeny, biodiversity, causative diseases of freshwater amphibians, fishes and invertebrate animals, decomposition of leaf litter, stream pollution and their potential role in bioremediation.

Marine Fungi

Marine Fungi
Author: E. B. Gareth Jones,Ka-Lai Pang
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter
Total Pages: 543
Release: 2012-08-31
ISBN: 3110264064
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Fungi Book Excerpt:

Understanding how higher fungi with their spectrum of cellulolytic and ligninolytic enzymes degrade wood tissue, while labyrinthuloids and thraustochytrids further contribute to the dissolved organic matter entering the open ocean is essential to marine ecology. This work provides an overview of marine fungi including morphology and ultrastructure, phylogeny and biogeography. Biotechnology is also turning to these organisms to develop new bioactive compounds and to address problems such as decomposition of materials in the ocean and bioremediation of oil spills.

Soil Biota and Ecosystem Development in Post Mining Sites

Soil Biota and Ecosystem Development in Post Mining Sites
Author: Jan Frouz
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2013-09-25
ISBN: 1466599332
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Biota and Ecosystem Development in Post Mining Sites Book Excerpt:

This book focuses on soil development in restoration of post‐mining sites. In particular, the authors address the role of biota, including plants, microorganisms, invertebrates, and their various interactions during the process of soil formation. The book largely deals with sites created by open‐cast mining, as this method represents a very destructive and, at the same time, intensively studied example of a mining operation. This book is a useful summary of recent knowledge for scholars dealing with ecosystem development after large disturbances as well as for practitioners dealing with reclamation and restoration of post‐mining land.

A Caribbean Forest Tapestry

A Caribbean Forest Tapestry
Author: Nicholas Brokaw
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2012-06-28
ISBN: 0195334698
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Caribbean Forest Tapestry Book Excerpt:

This book explains how to foresee and manage ecosystem changes in the Luquillo Mountains in Puerto Rico, by looking at underlying causes and effects. The lessons from the abiotic and biotic environments, populations, and ecosystems in this region apply to analogous forest biomes in Central and South America, as well as around the world.