Description : Insufficient resources and inadequate public expenditure management often prevent governments in low-income countries from providing quality basic education free of charge. User payments by parents are an alternative means of financing basic education. This paper assesses how user payments affect educational opportunities and quality of education for children of poor families in low-income countries. Conditions are identified under which user payments can or cannot improve educational outcomes. User payments, whether taking the form of compulsory benefit taxation or voluntary user fees, are a temporary solution and second-best compared with free-access, publicly financed quality education that is consistent with macroeconomic stability.
Description : In an ideal world, primary education would be universal and publicly financed, and all children would be able to attend school regardless of their parents’ ability or willingness to pay. In many poor countries, however, governments lack either the financial resources or the political will to provide each child with a basic education, despite the benefits that would accrue not only to individuals but to society as a whole. In some of these countries, parents cover part or all of the cost of their children’s education. This paper explores the pros and cons of user payments.
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Description : On September 1, 2001, Anne Krueger took up the reins as the IMF’s First Deputy Managing Director. She brought with her a wealth of experience from the public and private sectors, including long stints in academia—most recently as an economics professor at Stanford University—and, from 1982 to 1986, as the World Bank’s Vice President for Economics and Research. She is a Distinguished Fellow and past President ofthe American Economic Association.
Description : Wollstonecraft decries the poor education society allows women and makes a strong plea for education for women in domestic and academic areas.
Description : Written in a smart, funny, and friendly tone, The Approximate Parent: Discovering the Strategies That Work with Your Teenager helps you translate what your teen thinks, feels, and does¿to give you practical ways of supporting your teen, from adolescence into adulthood. Learn to strategize wisely, taking into account both the current American culture of adolescents and your particular teen¿s biology, temperament, and developmental challenges. This highly accessible book is informed by the latest research on adolescent development, effects of digital media on youth and identity formation, relationships/ sexuality and trends in drug and alcohol use, drawing on work in such diverse fields as clinical psychology, cognitive neuroscience, epigenetics, sociology, anthropology, philosophy and religious studies. Michael Simon uses his 25 years of work with teens¿as a psychotherapist, school counselor, and parent¿to help make your job easier as a parent, educator or health professional.