Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications
Author: Tom Smolinka,Jurgen Garche
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2021-10-25
ISBN: 0128194251
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications Book Excerpt:

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications: Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis offers a comprehensive overview about different hydrogen production technologies, including their technical features, development stage, recent advances, and technical and economic issues of system integration. Allied processes such as regenerative fuel cells and sea water electrolysis are also covered. For many years hydrogen production by water electrolysis was of minor importance, but research and development in the field has increased significantly in recent years, and a comprehensive overview is missing. This book bridges this gap and provides a general reference to the topic. Hydrogen production by water electrolysis is the main technology to integrate high shares of electricity from renewable energy sources and balance out the supply and demand match in the energy system. Different electrochemical approaches exist to produce hydrogen from RES (Renewable Energy Sources). Covers the fundamentals of hydrogen production by water electrolysis Reviews all relevant technologies comprehensively Outlines important technical and economic issues of system integration Includes commercial examples and demonstrates electrolyzer projects

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications
Author: Hajime Arai,Jurgen Garche,Luis C. Colmenares
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2020-10-10
ISBN: 0444643346
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications Book Excerpt:

Metal-air is a promising battery system that uses inexpensive metals for its negative electrode while unlimited, free and non-toxic oxygen is used for its positive electrode, however, only primary systems have been commercialized so far. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications – Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives offers a comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries as well as the solutions to the issues for overcoming the related difficulties of the secondary (rechargeable) system. Although metal-air batteries are widely studied as low-cost high-energy systems, their commercialization is limited to primary ones due to currently limited cycle life and insufficient reliability. For realization of the secondary systems, this book offers comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries, including the details of both electrodes, electrolyte, cell/system, modelling and applications. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications – Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives provides researchers, instructors, and students in electrochemistry, material science and environmental science; industry workers in cell manufacturing; and government officials in energy, environmental, power supply, and transportation with a valuable resource covering the most important topics of metal-air batteries and their uses. Outlines the general characteristics of metal-air compared with conventional batteries Offers a comprehensive understanding of various metal-air, featuring zinc, and lithium Contains comparisons and issues among various metal-air batteries and research efforts to solve them Includes applications and market prospects

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications
Author: Jürgen Garche,Klaus Brandt
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 670
Release: 2018-09-28
ISBN: 0444640088
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications Book Excerpt:

Safety of Lithium Batteries describes how best to assure safety during all phases of the life of Lithium ion batteries (production, transport, use, and disposal). About 5 billion Li-ion cells are produced each year, predominantly for use in consumer electronics. This book describes how the high-energy density and outstanding performance of Li-ion batteries will result in a large increase in the production of Li-ion cells for electric drive train vehicle (xEV) and battery energy storage (BES or EES) purposes. The high-energy density of Li battery systems comes with special hazards related to the materials employed in these systems. The manufacturers of cells and batteries have strongly reduced the hazard probability by a number of measures. However, absolute safety of the Li system is not given as multiple incidents in consumer electronics have shown. Presents the relationship between chemical and structure material properties and cell safety Relates cell and battery design to safety as well as system operation parameters to safety Outlines the influences of abuses on safety and the relationship to battery testing Explores the limitations for transport and storage of cells and batteries Includes recycling, disposal and second use of lithium ion batteries

Advanced Industrial Lead Acid Batteries

Advanced Industrial Lead Acid Batteries
Author: Eduardo Cattaneo,Bernhard Riegel
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2016-04-01
ISBN: 9780444632524
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Industrial Lead Acid Batteries Book Excerpt:

The book gives a bright overview of the storage of electrical renewable energy. It focuses on technical, economic and ecological aspects of the electrical power storage and complete energy systems. In the focus are electrochemical power sources as accumulators (lead-acid, li-ion, redox-flow, Na+-high temperature batteries), hydrogen systems (electrolyser- fuel cell combinations) and supercapacitors. Description and field deployment of the different types of industrial batteries The information provided by brochures is usually restrained to a mere description of the product and basic performance figures Battery components for industrial batteries (separators, alloys, accessories) The choice of some cell components and accessories is usually optimised for the user´s climate region An account of the most common service-life limiting factors for industrial batteries Provides a general knowledge about sulfation, grid corrosion and health diagnosis of the cell thru visual inspection An overview on battery testing methods: capacity, self discharge tests. Nomenclature (rated capacity, internal resistance, energy and power density etc) Comparative test results are a useful tool for battery benchmarking. Reliable field performance predictions , however, require a critical evaluation of partial test results Usual parameters in battery management systems, float- voltage, temperature, State of Charge (SOC)/ Health (SOH) Standby applications in critical fields may demand reliable values for SOC and SOH in order to guarantee the correct functioning of the system (emergency power, flash back-ups of sensitive data) Manufacturing techniques Supplementary general knowledge on batteries

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
Author: Supramaniam Srinivasan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 707
Release: 2006-05-05
ISBN: 0387251162
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

This concise sourcebook of the electrochemical, engineering and economic principles involved in the development and commercialization of fuel cells offers a thorough review of applications and techno-economic assessment of fuel cell technologies, plus in-depth discussion of conventional and novel approaches for generating energy. Parts I and II explain basic and applied electrochemistry relevant to an understanding of fuel cells. Part III covers engineering and technology aspects. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students and scientists interested in fuel cells. Unlike any other current book on fuel cells, each chapter includes problems based on the discussions in the text.

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells
Author: Keith Scott
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing Limited
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2015-12-01
ISBN: 9781782423751
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells: Fundamentals and Applications contains the most updated information on bio-electrical systems and their ability to drive an electrical current by mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature to produce a small amount of power. One of the most promising features of the microbial fuel cell is its application to generate power from wastewater, and its use in the treatment of water to remove contaminants, making it a very sustainable source of power generation that can feasibly find application in rural areas where providing more conventional sources of power is often difficult. The book explores, in detail, both the technical aspects and applications of this technology, and was written by an international team of experts in the field who provide an introduction to microbial fuel cells that looks at their electrochemical principles and mechanisms, explains the materials that can be used for the various sections of the fuel cells, including cathode and anode materials, and provides key analysis of microbial fuel cell performance looking at their usage in hydrogen production, waste treatment, and sensors, amongst other applications. Includes coverage of the types and principles of electrochemical cells“/li> Provides information on the construction of fuel cells and appropriate materials Presents the latest on this renewable source of energy and the process for the treatment of waste water

Energy Storage

Energy Storage
Author: Robert Huggins
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 509
Release: 2015-11-13
ISBN: 3319212397
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Storage Book Excerpt:

Energy Storage explains the underlying scientific and engineering fundamentals of all major energy storage methods. These include the storage of energy as heat, in phase transitions and reversible chemical reactions, and in organic fuels and hydrogen, as well as in mechanical, electrostatic and magnetic systems. Updated coverage of electrochemical storage systems considers exciting developments in materials and methods for applications such as rapid short-term storage in hybrid and intermittent energy generation systems, and battery optimization for increasingly prevalent EV and stop-start automotive technologies. This nuanced coverage of cutting-edge advances is unique in that it does not require prior knowledge of electrochemistry. Traditional and emerging battery systems are explained, including lithium, flow and liquid batteries. Energy Storage provides a comprehensive overview of the concepts, principles and practice of energy storage that is useful to both students and professionals.

Hydrogen Production

Hydrogen Production
Author: Agata Godula-Jopek
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2015-06-26
ISBN: 3527676538
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogen Production Book Excerpt:

Covering the various aspects of this fast-evolving field, this comprehensive book includes the fundamentals and a comparison of current applications, while focusing on the latest, novel achievements and future directions. The introductory chapters explore the thermodynamic and electrochemical processes to better understand how electrolysis cells work, and how these can be combined to build large electrolysis modules. The book then goes on to discuss the electrolysis process and the characteristics, advantages, drawbacks, and challenges of the main existing electrolysis technologies. Current manufacturers and the main features of commercially available electrolyzers are extensively reviewed. The final chapters then present the possible configurations for integrating water electrolysis units with renewable energy sources in both autonomous and grid-connected systems, and comment on some relevant demonstration projects. Written by an internationally renowned team from academia and industry, the result is an invaluable review of the field and a discussion of known limitations and future perspectives.

PEM Fuel Cells

PEM Fuel Cells
Author: Frano Barbir
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 537
Release: 2012-09-25
ISBN: 0123877105
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PEM Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Demand for fuel cell technology is growing rapidly. Fuel cells are being commercialized to provide power to buildings like hospitals and schools, to replace batteries in portable electronic devices, and as replacements for internal combustion engines in vehicles. PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) fuel cells are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than other types of fuel cell. As a result, over 80% of fuel cells being produced today are PEM cells. This new edition of Dr. Barbir's groundbreaking book still lays the groundwork for engineers, technicians and students better than any other resource, covering fundamentals of design, electrochemistry, heat and mass transport, as well as providing the context of system design and applications. Yet it now also provides invaluable information on the latest advances in modeling, diagnostics, materials, and components, along with an updated chapter on the evolving applications areas wherein PEM cells are being deployed. Comprehensive guide covers all aspects of PEM fuel cells, from theory and fundamentals to practical applications Provides solutions to heat and water management problems engineers must face when designing and implementing PEM fuel cells in systems Hundreds of original illustrations, real-life engineering examples, and end-of-chapter problems help clarify, contextualize, and aid understanding

Impedance Spectroscopy

Impedance Spectroscopy
Author: Evgenij Barsoukov,J. Ross Macdonald
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2018-03-19
ISBN: 1119333172
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impedance Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

The Essential Reference for the Field, Featuring Protocols, Analysis, Fundamentals, and the Latest Advances Impedance Spectroscopy: Theory, Experiment, and Applications provides a comprehensive reference for graduate students, researchers, and engineers working in electrochemistry, physical chemistry, and physics. Covering both fundamentals concepts and practical applications, this unique reference provides a level of understanding that allows immediate use of impedance spectroscopy methods. Step-by-step experiment protocols with analysis guidance lend immediate relevance to general principles, while extensive figures and equations aid in the understanding of complex concepts. Detailed discussion includes the best measurement methods and identifying sources of error, and theoretical considerations for modeling, equivalent circuits, and equations in the complex domain are provided for most subjects under investigation. Written by a team of expert contributors, this book provides a clear understanding of impedance spectroscopy in general as well as the essential skills needed to use it in specific applications. Extensively updated to reflect the field’s latest advances, this new Third Edition: Incorporates the latest research, and provides coverage of new areas in which impedance spectroscopy is gaining importance Discusses the application of impedance spectroscopy to viscoelastic rubbery materials and biological systems Explores impedance spectroscopy applications in electrochemistry, semiconductors, solid electrolytes, corrosion, solid state devices, and electrochemical power sources Examines both the theoretical and practical aspects, and discusses when impedance spectroscopy is and is not the appropriate solution to an analysis problem Researchers and engineers will find value in the immediate practicality, while students will appreciate the hands-on approach to impedance spectroscopy methods. Retaining the reputation it has gained over years as a primary reference, Impedance Spectroscopy: Theory, Experiment, and Applications once again present a comprehensive reference reflecting the current state of the field.

Electrochemical Reactors Fundamentals electrolysers batteries and fuel cells

Electrochemical Reactors  Fundamentals  electrolysers  batteries  and fuel cells
Author: M. I. Ismail
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 574
Release: 1989
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Reactors Fundamentals electrolysers batteries and fuel cells Book Excerpt:

This book provides a guide for professionals interested in energy transfer and electrochemical technology systems. It covers the state-of-the-art of materials, electrochemistry and electrochemical engineering as related to electrochemical reactors, batteries and fuel cells. The fifteen chapters, written by experts in fields related to every aspect affecting reactor performance, are grouped into three parts. The first is devoted to fundamentals of reactors, batteries and fuel cells and covers various aspects of design, parts, construction, materials operation and control systems. The second group is devoted to specific reactors such as aqueous electro-organic and inorganic synthesis, electrochemical polymerization, molten salt electrolysis, electrochemical machining, metal finishing, reactor performance, failure mechanisms, corrosion control, materials selection and techniques. The third group deals with manufacturing techniques and surface treatment of materials for commercial reactors, commercial parts/materials, fastening, assembly and production of reactor parts and mathematical modelling of various reactor processes.

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy in PEM Fuel Cells

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy in PEM Fuel Cells
Author: Xiao-Zi (Riny) Yuan,Chaojie Song,Haijiang Wang,Jiujun Zhang
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2009-11-25
ISBN: 1848828462
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy in PEM Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

"Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy in PEM Fuel Cells" discusses one of the most powerful and useful diagnostic tools for various aspects of the study of fuel cells: electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). This comprehensive reference on EIS fundamentals and applications in fuel cells contains information about basic principles, measurements, and fuel cell applications of the EIS technique. Many illustrated examples are provided to ensure maximum clarity and observability of the spectra. "Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy in PEM Fuel Cells" will enable readers to explore the frontiers of EIS technology in PEM fuel cell research and other electrochemical systems. As well as being a useful text for electrochemists, it can also help researchers who are unfamiliar with EIS to learn the technique quickly and to use it correctly in their fuel cell research. Managers or entrepreneurs may also find this book a useful guide to accessing the challenges and opportunities in fuel cell technology.

Electrochemical Oxygen Technology

Electrochemical Oxygen Technology
Author: Dr. Kim Kinoshita
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 462
Release: 1992-08-04
ISBN: 9780471570431
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Oxygen Technology Book Excerpt:

Explores both electrochemistry fundamentals and the applications of oxygen in electrochemical systems. Much of the information is summarized in tables which are accompanied by a list of references to consult for details. Emphasizes fuel cells and metal/air batteries.

Metal Air Batteries

Metal Air Batteries
Author: Xin-bo Zhang
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2019-02-11
ISBN: 3527342796
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metal Air Batteries Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive overview of the research developments in the burgeoning field of metal-air batteries An innovation in battery science and technology is necessary to build better power sources for our modern lifestyle needs. One of the main fields being explored for the possible breakthrough is the development of metal-air batteries. Metal-Air Batteries: Fundamentals and Applications offers a systematic summary of the fundamentals of the technology and explores the most recent advances in the applications of metal-air batteries. Comprehensive in scope, the text explains the basics in electrochemical batteries and introduces various species of metal-air batteries. The author-a noted expert in the field-explores the development of metal-air batteries in the order of Li-air battery, sodium-air battery, zinc-air battery and Mg-O2 battery, with the focus on the Li-air battery. The text also addresses topics such as metallic anode, discharge products, parasitic reactions, electrocatalysts, mediator, and X-ray diffraction study in Li-air battery. Metal-Air Batteries provides a summary of future perspectives in the field of the metal-air batteries. This important resource: -Covers various species of metal-air batteries and their components as well as system designation -Contains groundbreaking content that reviews recent advances in the field of metal-air batteries -Focuses on the battery systems which have the greatest potential for renewable energy storage Written for electrochemists, physical chemists, materials scientists, professionals in the electrotechnical industry, engineers in power technology, Metal-Air Batteries offers a review of the fundamentals and the most recent developments in the area of metal-air batteries.

AGARD Index of Publications

AGARD Index of Publications
Author: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1952
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aeronautics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AGARD Index of Publications Book Excerpt:

AGARD Index of Publications

AGARD Index of Publications
Author: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development. Technical Information Panel
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1972
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AGARD Index of Publications Book Excerpt:

Electrochemical Methods for Hydrogen Production

Electrochemical Methods for Hydrogen Production
Author: Keith Scott
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 403
Release: 2019-11-25
ISBN: 1839160071
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Methods for Hydrogen Production Book Excerpt:

The hydrogen economy is receiving increased attention due to concerns around the consequences of fossil fuel use, and hydrogen has great potential as a way to reduce reliance on traditional energy sources. Increased hydrogen supplies using cleaner methods are seen as essential for potential hydrogen based power systems for transportation and renewable energy conversion into fuel. Electrochemical Methods for Hydrogen Production provides a comprehensive picture of the various routes to use electricity to produce hydrogen using electrochemical science and technology. The book provides an overview of the fundamentals of electrochemical cells and performance characterisation, as well as a comparison of current applications. It also includes the various types of electrolysers currently used commercially and the range of new electrolysis processes, including photo-electrochemical, biological and thermal energy techniques. Edited by an expert in the field, this title will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in academia and industry working in energy, electrochemistry, physical chemistry and chemical engineering.

Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Metal Hydrogen Systems Fundamentals and Applications MH2002

Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Metal Hydrogen Systems  Fundamentals and Applications  MH2002
Author: Annick Percheron-Guégan
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 856
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Hydrides
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Metal Hydrogen Systems Fundamentals and Applications MH2002 Book Excerpt:

Fuel Cell Fundamentals

Fuel Cell Fundamentals
Author: Ryan O'Hayre,Suk-Won Cha,Whitney Colella,Fritz B. Prinz
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2016-04-13
ISBN: 1119114152
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Fundamentals Book Excerpt:

A complete, up-to-date, introductory guide to fuel cell technology and application Fuel Cell Fundamentals provides a thorough introduction to the principles and practicalities behind fuel cell technology. Beginning with the underlying concepts, the discussion explores fuel cell thermodynamics, kinetics, transport, and modeling before moving into the application side with guidance on system types and design, performance, costs, and environmental impact. This new third edition has been updated with the latest technological advances and relevant calculations, and enhanced chapters on advanced fuel cell design and electrochemical and hydrogen energy systems. Worked problems, illustrations, and application examples throughout lend a real-world perspective, and end-of chapter review questions and mathematical problems reinforce the material learned. Fuel cells produce more electricity than batteries or combustion engines, with far fewer emissions. This book is the essential introduction to the technology that makes this possible, and the physical processes behind this cost-saving and environmentally friendly energy source. Understand the basic principles of fuel cell physics Compare the applications, performance, and costs of different systems Master the calculations associated with the latest fuel cell technology Learn the considerations involved in system selection and design As more and more nations turn to fuel cell commercialization amidst advancing technology and dropping deployment costs, global stationary fuel cell revenue is expected to grow from $1.4 billion to $40.0 billion by 2022. The sector is forecasted to explode, and there will be a tremendous demand for high-level qualified workers with advanced skills and knowledge of fuel cell technology. Fuel Cell Fundamentals is the essential first step toward joining the new energy revolution.

PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers

PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers
Author: Jiujun Zhang
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1137
Release: 2008-08-26
ISBN: 1848009364
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers Book Excerpt:

Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells are promising clean energy converting devices with high efficiency and low to zero emissions. Such power sources can be used in transportation, stationary, portable and micro power applications. The key components of these fuel cells are catalysts and catalyst layers. “PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers” provides a comprehensive, in-depth survey of the field, presented by internationally renowned fuel cell scientists. The opening chapters introduce the fundamentals of electrochemical theory and fuel cell catalysis. Later chapters investigate the synthesis, characterization, and activity validation of PEM fuel cell catalysts. Further chapters describe in detail the integration of the electrocatalyst/catalyst layers into the fuel cell, and their performance validation. Researchers and engineers in the fuel cell industry will find this book a valuable resource, as will students of electrochemical engineering and catalyst synthesis.