Electrophysiology Measurements for Studying Neural Interfaces

Electrophysiology Measurements for Studying Neural Interfaces
Author: Mohammad M. Aria
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2020-05-15
ISBN: 0128170719
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrophysiology Measurements for Studying Neural Interfaces Book Excerpt:

Electrophysiology Measurements for Studying Neural Interfaces helps readers to choose a proper cell line and set-up for studying different bio-electronic interfaces before delving into the electrophysiology techniques available. Therefore, this book details the materials and devices needed for different types of neural stimulation such as photoelectrical and photothermal stimulations. Also, modern techniques like optical electrophysiology and calcium imaging in this book provides readers with more available approaches to monitor neural activities in addition to whole-cell patch-clamp technology. Details steps of an electrophysiology project from start to finish for graduate students employing the technique in their research Includes sample electrophysiological studies with multiple cell lines (PC12, N2a, NG108, SHSY, and embryonic stem cell lines) to facilitate research Features data analysis of electrophysiology results from various relevant experiments and cell culture tips

Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems

Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems
Author: Steve M Potter,Eberhard E Fetz,Ahmed El Hady
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 423
Release: 2014-12-03
ISBN: 288919356X
Category: Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems Book Excerpt:

Closed-loop neurophysiology has been accelerated by recent software and hardware developments and by the emergence of novel tools to control neuronal activity with spatial and temporal precision, in which stimuli are delivered in real time based on recordings or behavior. Real-time stimulation feedback enables a wide range of innovative studies of information processing and plasticity in neuronal networks. This Research Topic e-Book comprises 16 Original Research Articles, seven Methods Articles, and seven Reviews, Mini- Reviews, and Perspectives, all peer-reviewed and published in Frontiers in Neural Circuits. The contributions deal with closed loop neurophysiology experiments at a variety of levels of neural circuit complexity. Some include modeling and theoretical analyses. New enabling technologies and techniques are described. Novel work is presented from experiments in vitro, in vivo, and in humans, along with their clinical and technological implications for improving the human condition.

Neural Interface Engineering for Electrophysiology Application

Neural Interface Engineering for Electrophysiology Application
Author: Hyungsoo Kim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 69
Release: 2018
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Interface Engineering for Electrophysiology Application Book Excerpt:

The brain is a wondrous and complex organ, a biological machine forged by the evolutionary forces of nature. The human brain contains 100 billion neurons and each neuron is connected by synapses to several thousand other neurons. Connected neurons work together to produce perceptions and sensations, memories and emotions, physical movements and abstract constructs. The neurons communicate by means of electricity that passes along and across their cellular membrane. Much of what is known about brain physiology is through the measurement of this electrical activity, either with relatively large electrodes placed on the scalp or tiny microelectrodes inserted into the brain tissue itself. At the finer end of this scale, scientists have discovered much about the way individual neurons extract sensory information, adapt their behavior to form a memory, and convey signals to other regions of the brain. However, it has long been recognized that the brain operates on a global scale, through the collective behavior and interaction of its neural units1. Information is processed in several regions of the brain simultaneously, and the activity of neighboring neurons can be quite different from one another. By one analogy, the attempt to assess brain function by observing a single neuron is like looking at the output of one transistor to learn how a computer works. Thus, the recording of many neurons simultaneously is necessary to truly reveal the mechanisms of the brain2. In recent decades, a variety of recording techniques have been developed for a neural interface such as electroencephalography (EEG), magneto-encephalography (MEG), electrocorticography (ECOG), local field potential (LFP) recordings, micro-electrode array (MEA) and peripheral nerve interfaces (PNIs) to the micron-level precision required for multi-neuron recording. Their small size allows many recording channels to be placed onto one device. One of the goals of neural interface research is to create a seamless connection between the nervous system and the neuroprostheses either by stimulating or by recording from neural tissue to restore or substitute function for individuals with neurological deficits or disabilities. Hence, significant amount of scientific and technological efforts have been devoted to develop neural interfaces that link the nervous system with robotic prosthetic devices. The creation of a novel neural interface is essential for developing the full potential of advanced prosthesis technology required to replace lost limbs. Additionally, meticulous studies of a single neuron and between neurons utilizing the neural interface technology should be made to elucidate fundamental biological phenomena such as cellular processes and heterogeneities. Particularly, an electrophysiological study of neural networks can provide knowledge to unravel the functions of brain. When fundamental research about molecular and cellular mechanisms of a single neuron and electrophysiological studies using neural interfaces on both the central and peripheral nervous systems are done together, it has a synergistic effect on neural interface technology. The research and methodologies described in this dissertation stem from our research group's efforts to optimize the design and expand the applications of neural interfaces. The dissertation is organized into four chapters. Chapter 1 is a review of neural interface technology and study of neural signal detection. This chapter provides a foundation for Chapter 2 and 3. Chapter 2 is a study of a neural interface as cellular level research. We present an advanced single-neuronal cell culture and monitoring platform using a fully transparent microfluidic dielectrophoresis (DEP) device for unabated monitoring of neuronal cell development and function. The device is mounted inside a sealed incubation chamber to ensure improved homeostatic conditions and reduced contamination risk. Consequently, we successfully trap and culture single neurons on a desired location and monitor their growth process over a week. Chapter 3 deals with the specific application of PNIs to the sciatic nerve of a rat as a nervous system-level research. We developed novel devices, "cuff and sieve electrodes" (CASE), that integrate microfabricated cuff and sieve electrodes capable of broad (via cuff) and precise (via sieve) selectivity to increase the strengths and simultaneously decrease the weaknesses of traditional electrode designs. We performed terminal device implantations in a rat sciatic transection and repair model to test the capacity of the CASE interface. The sciatic nerve was stimulated by the sieve portion of the CASE electrode and somatosensory evoked potentials were recorded from the somatosensory cortex via micro-eletrocorticography. The ability to elicit cortical responses from sciatic nerve stimulation demonstrates the proof of concept for both the implantation and chronic monitoring of CASE interfaces for innovative prosthetic control. Lastly, in Chapter 4, I will identify areas in which further investigation is needed and propose future directions of both cellular and system-level neural interface.

Bridging the Gap in Neuroelectronic Interfaces

Bridging the Gap in Neuroelectronic Interfaces
Author: Jeffrey R. Capadona,Ulrich G. Hofmann
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-07-09
ISBN: 2889638502
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bridging the Gap in Neuroelectronic Interfaces Book Excerpt:

Neural Engineering

Neural Engineering
Author: Bin He
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 699
Release: 2020-09-21
ISBN: 3030433951
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Engineering Book Excerpt:

This third edition overviews the essential contemporary topics of neuroengineering, from basic principles to the state-of-the-art, and is written by leading scholars in the field. The book covers neural bioelectrical measurements and sensors, EEG signal processing, brain-computer interfaces, implantable and transcranial neuromodulation, peripheral neural interfacing, neuroimaging, neural modelling, neural circuits and system identification, retinal bioengineering and prosthetics, and neural tissue engineering. Each chapter is followed by homework questions intended for classroom use. This is an ideal textbook for students at the graduate and advanced undergraduate level as well as academics, biomedical engineers, neuroscientists, neurophysiologists, and industry professionals seeking to learn the latest developments in this emerging field. Advance Praise for Neural Engineering, 3rd Edition: “A comprehensive and timely contribution to the ever growing field of neural engineering. Bin He’s edited volume provides chapters that cover both the fundamentals and state-of-the-art developments by the world’s leading neural engineers." Dr. Paul Sajda, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Radiology, Columbia University “Neural Engineering, edited by Prof. He, is an outstanding book for students entering into this fast evolving field as well as experienced researchers. Its didactic and comprehensive style, with each chapter authored by leading scientific authorities, provides the ultimate reference for the field.” Dr. Dario Farina, Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, London, UK "Neural Engineering has come of age. Major advances have made possible prosthesis for the blind, mind control for quadraplegics and direct intervention to control seizures in epilepsy patients. Neural Engineering brings together reviews by leading researchers in this flourishing field. Dr. Terrence Sejnowski, Salk Institute for Biolgical Studies and UC San Diego

Handbook of Artificial Intelligence for Music

Handbook of Artificial Intelligence for Music
Author: Eduardo Reck Miranda
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 994
Release: 2021-07-02
ISBN: 3030721167
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Artificial Intelligence for Music Book Excerpt:

This book presents comprehensive coverage of the latest advances in research into enabling machines to listen to and compose new music. It includes chapters introducing what we know about human musical intelligence and on how this knowledge can be simulated with AI. The development of interactive musical robots and emerging new approaches to AI-based musical creativity are also introduced, including brain–computer music interfaces, bio-processors and quantum computing. Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology permeates the music industry, from management systems for recording studios to recommendation systems for online commercialization of music through the Internet. Yet whereas AI for online music distribution is well advanced, this book focuses on a largely unexplored application: AI for creating the actual musical content.

The Routledge Research Companion to Electronic Music Reaching out with Technology

The Routledge Research Companion to Electronic Music  Reaching out with Technology
Author: Simon Emmerson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2018-05-16
ISBN: 131704360X
Category: Music
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Research Companion to Electronic Music Reaching out with Technology Book Excerpt:

The theme of this Research Companion is 'connectivity and the global reach of electroacoustic music and sonic arts made with technology'. The possible scope of such a companion in the field of electronic music has changed radically over the last 30 years. The definitions of the field itself are now broader - there is no clear boundary between 'electronic music' and 'sound art'. Also, what was previously an apparently simple divide between 'art' and 'popular' practices is now not easy or helpful to make, and there is a rich cluster of streams of practice with many histories, including world music traditions. This leads in turn to a steady undermining of a primarily Euro-American enterprise in the second half of the twentieth century. Telecommunications technology, most importantly the development of the internet in the final years of the century, has made materials, practices and experiences ubiquitous and apparently universally available - though some contributions to this volume reassert the influence and importance of local cultural practice. Research in this field is now increasingly multi-disciplinary. Technological developments are embedded in practices which may be musical, social, individual and collective. The contributors to this companion embrace technological, scientific, aesthetic, historical and social approaches and a host of hybrids – but, most importantly, they try to show how these join up. Thus the intention has been to allow a wide variety of new practices to have voice – unified through ideas of 'reaching out' and 'connecting together' – and in effect showing that there is emerging a different kind of 'global music'.

Basic Concepts of Clinical Electrophysiology in Audiology

Basic Concepts of Clinical Electrophysiology in Audiology
Author: John D. Durrant,Cynthia G. Fowler,John A. Ferraro,Suzanne C. Purdy
Publsiher: Plural Publishing
Total Pages: 475
Release: 2022-01-07
ISBN: 1635501792
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basic Concepts of Clinical Electrophysiology in Audiology Book Excerpt:

Basic Concepts of Clinical Electrophysiology in Audiology is a revolutionary textbook, combining the research and expertise of both distinguished experts and up-and-coming voices in the field. By taking a multidisciplinary approach to the subject, the editors of this graduate-level text break down all aspects of electrophysiology to make it accessible to audiology students. In addition to defining the basics of the tools of the trade and their routine uses, the authors also provide ample presentations of new approaches currently undergoing continuing research and development. The goal of this textbook is to give developing audiologists a broad and solid basis of understanding of the methods in common or promising practice. Throughout the text, individual chapters are divided into “episodes,” each examining a facet of the overarching chapter’s topic. With different experts handling each episode, readers are exposed to outstanding professionals in the field. This text singularly stitches together the chapters and their episodes to build from foundational concepts to more complex issues that clinicians are likely to face on their road to full clinical competency. As collections of episodes, the writers and editors thus endeavor to present a series of stories that build throughout the book, in turn allowing readers to build a broader interest in the subject. Key Features * Heads Up sections in each chapter introduce more advanced content to expose readers to what lies beyond the basic level and further enhance the main chapter content and “entertainment value” * Take home messages at the end of each chapter serve to focus the reader’s attention, encourage review, and discourage superficial learning by “just reading the abstract” * More than 450 innovative illustrations use combinations of panels, insets, and/or gray tone to facilitate reader understanding, optimize portrayal of data, and unify concepts across chapters * Numerous case studies and references to practical clinical issues and results are included throughout the book * Keywords are highlighted in-text to improve both attention and retention of critical terms and ease of returning to review them

The Physiological Measurement Handbook

The Physiological Measurement Handbook
Author: John G. Webster
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2014-12-11
ISBN: 1439808473
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Physiological Measurement Handbook Book Excerpt:

The Physiological Measurement Handbook presents an extensive range of topics that encompass the subject of measurement in all departments of medicine. The handbook describes the use of instruments and techniques for practical measurements required in medicine. It covers sensors, techniques, hardware, and software as well as information on processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, and their incorporation for diagnosis. Suitable for both instrumentation designers and users, the handbook enables biomedical engineers, scientists, researchers, students, health care personnel, and those in the medical device industry to explore the different methods available for measuring a particular physiological variable. It helps readers select the most suitable method by comparing alternative methods and their advantages and disadvantages. In addition, the book provides equations for readers focused on discovering applications and solving diagnostic problems arising in medical fields not necessarily in their specialty. It also includes specialized information needed by readers who want to learn advanced applications of the subject, evaluative opinions, and possible areas for future study.

Brain Computer Interfaces for Perception Learning and Motor Control

Brain Computer Interfaces for Perception  Learning  and Motor Control
Author: Saugat Bhattacharyya,Amit Konar,Haider Raza,Anwesha Khasnobish
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-12-21
ISBN: 2889718514
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Computer Interfaces for Perception Learning and Motor Control Book Excerpt:

Spatiotemporal Neural Interface Dynamics Elucidated with Multi Channel Electrochemistry

Spatiotemporal Neural Interface Dynamics Elucidated with Multi Channel Electrochemistry
Author: Matthew Douglas Johnson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatiotemporal Neural Interface Dynamics Elucidated with Multi Channel Electrochemistry Book Excerpt:

Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1985
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Awards Index Book Excerpt:

Analyzing Neural Time Series Data

Analyzing Neural Time Series Data
Author: Mike X Cohen
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2014-01-17
ISBN: 0262019876
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analyzing Neural Time Series Data Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive guide to the conceptual, mathematical, and implementational aspects of analyzing electrical brain signals, including data from MEG, EEG, and LFP recordings. This book offers a comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of analyzing electrical brain signals. It explains the conceptual, mathematical, and implementational (via Matlab programming) aspects of time-, time-frequency- and synchronization-based analyses of magnetoencephalography (MEG), electroencephalography (EEG), and local field potential (LFP) recordings from humans and nonhuman animals. It is the only book on the topic that covers both the theoretical background and the implementation in language that can be understood by readers without extensive formal training in mathematics, including cognitive scientists, neuroscientists, and psychologists. Readers who go through the book chapter by chapter and implement the examples in Matlab will develop an understanding of why and how analyses are performed, how to interpret results, what the methodological issues are, and how to perform single-subject-level and group-level analyses. Researchers who are familiar with using automated programs to perform advanced analyses will learn what happens when they click the “analyze now” button. The book provides sample data and downloadable Matlab code. Each of the 38 chapters covers one analysis topic, and these topics progress from simple to advanced. Most chapters conclude with exercises that further develop the material covered in the chapter. Many of the methods presented (including convolution, the Fourier transform, and Euler's formula) are fundamental and form the groundwork for other advanced data analysis methods. Readers who master the methods in the book will be well prepared to learn other approaches.

Soft Material Enabled Electronics for Medicine Healthcare and Human Machine Interfaces

Soft Material Enabled Electronics for Medicine  Healthcare  and Human Machine Interfaces
Author: Jae-Woong Jeong,Woon-Hong Yeo
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2020-03-13
ISBN: 3039282824
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soft Material Enabled Electronics for Medicine Healthcare and Human Machine Interfaces Book Excerpt:

Soft material-enabled electronics offer distinct advantage, over conventional rigid and bulky devices, for numerous wearable and implantable applications. Soft materials allow for seamless integration with skin and tissues due to enhanced mechanical flexibility and stretchability. Wearable devices, such as sensors, offer continuous, real-time monitoring of biosignals and movements, which can be applied in rehabilitation and diagnostics, among other applications. Soft implantable electronics offer similar functionalities, but with improved compatibility with human tissues. Biodegradable soft implantable electronics are also being developed for transient monitoring, such as in the weeks following surgery. To further advance soft electronics, materials, integration strategies, and fabrication techniques are being developed. This paper reviews recent progress in these areas, toward the development of soft material-enabled electronics for medicine, healthcare, and human-machine interfaces.

Abstracts Society for Neuroscience

Abstracts   Society for Neuroscience
Author: Society for Neuroscience
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Neurobiology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Abstracts Society for Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Neural Prostheses for Locomotion

Neural Prostheses for Locomotion
Author: Daniel P. Ferris,Mikhail Lebedev,Yury Ivanenko,Kyuhwa Lee,Yoshio Sakurai,Irina N. Beloozerova
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-01-04
ISBN: 2889719391
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Prostheses for Locomotion Book Excerpt:

Research Grants Index

Research Grants Index
Author: National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Division of Research Grants
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1975
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Grants Index Book Excerpt:

In Vitro Neuronal Networks

In Vitro Neuronal Networks
Author: Michela Chiappalone,Valentina Pasquale,Monica Frega
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 387
Release: 2019-05-09
ISBN: 3030111350
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Vitro Neuronal Networks Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the incredible advances achieved in the study of in vitro neuronal networks for use in basic and applied research. These cultures of dissociated neurons offer a perfect trade-off between complex experimental models and theoretical modeling approaches giving new opportunities for experimental design but also providing new challenges in data management and interpretation. Topics include culturing methodologies, neuroengineering techniques, stem cell derived neuronal networks, techniques for measuring network activity, and recent improvements in large-scale data analysis. The book ends with a series of case studies examining potential applications of these technologies.

Biometry

Biometry
Author: Ricardo A. Ramirez-Mendoza,Jorge de J. Lozoya-Santos,Ricardo Zavala-Yoé,Luz María Alonso-Valerdi,Ruben Morales-Menendez,Belinda Carrión,Pedro Ponce Cruz,Hugo G. Gonzalez-Hernandez
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2022-07-07
ISBN: 1000626024
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biometry Book Excerpt:

Biometrics provide quantitative representations of human features, physiological and behavioral. This book is a compilation of biometric technologies developed by various research groups in Tecnologico de Monterrey, Mexico. It provides a summary of biometric systems as a whole, explaining the principles behind physiological and behavioral biometrics and exploring different types of commercial and experimental technologies and current and future applications in the fields of security, military, criminology, healthcare education, business, and marketing. Examples of biometric systems using brain signals or electroencephalography (EEG) are given. Mobile and home EEG use in children’s natural environments is covered. At the same time, some examples focus on the relevance of such technology in monitoring epileptic encephalopathies in children. Using reliable physiological signal acquisition techniques, functional Human Machine Interfaces (HMI) and Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) become possible. This is the case of an HMI used for assistive navigation systems, controlled via voice commands, head, and eye movements. A detailed description of the BCI framework is presented, and applications of user-centered BCIs, oriented towards rehabilitation, human performance, and treatment monitoring are explored. Massive data acquisition also plays an essential role in the evolution of biometric systems. Machine learning, deep learning, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) are crucial allies here. They allow the construction of models that can aid in early diagnosis, seizure detection, and data-centered medical decisions. Such techniques will eventually lead to a more concise understanding of humans.

Brain Computer Interfaces

Brain Computer Interfaces
Author: Jonathan Wolpaw,Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2012-01-24
ISBN: 0195388852
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Computer Interfaces Book Excerpt:

In the last 15 years, a recognizable surge in the field of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) research and development has emerged. This emergence has sprung from a variety of factors. For one, inexpensive computer hardware and software is now available and can support the complex high-speed analyses of brain activity that is essential is BCI. Another factor is the greater understanding of the central nervous system including the abundance of new information on the nature and functional correlates of brain signals and improved methods for recording these signals in both the short-term and long-term. And the third, and perhaps most significant factor, is the new recognition of the needs and abilities of people disabled by disorders such as cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, stroke, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis, and muscular dystrophies. The severely disabled are now able to live for many years and even those with severely limited voluntary muscle control can now be given the most basic means of communication and control because of the recent advances in the technology, research, and applications of BCI. This book is intended to provide an introduction to and summary of essentially all major aspects of BCI research and development. Its goal is to be a comprehensive, balanced, and coordinated presentation of the field's key principles, current practice, and future prospects.