Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook
Author: Gnaneswar Gude
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2018-05-01
ISBN: 0128167122
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook Book Excerpt:

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook provides professionals and researchers with the latest treatment activities in the advancement of desalination technology. The book enables municipalities and private companies to custom-design sustainable desalination plants that will minimize discharge, energy costs and environmental footprint. Individual case studies are included to illustrate the benefits and drawback of each technique. Sections discuss a multitude of recently developed, advanced processes, along with notable advances made in existing technologies. These processes include adsorption, forward osmosis, humidification and dehumidification, membrane distillation, pervaporation and spray type thermal processes. In addition, theoretical membrane materials, such as nanocomposite and carbon nanotube membranes are also explored. Other chapters cover the desalination of shale gas, produced water, forward osmosis for agriculture, desalination for crop irrigation, and seawater for sustainable agriculture. International in its coverage, the chapters of this handbook are contributed by leading authors and researchers in all relevant fields. Expertly explains recent advances in sustainable desalination technology, including nanocomposite membranes, carbon nanotube membranes, forward reverse osmosis and desalination by pervaporation Provides state-of-the-art techniques for minimizing system discharge, energy cost and environmental footprint Includes individual case studies to illustrate the benefits and drawbacks of each technique Discusses techniques for the custom-design of sustainable desalination plants for municipalities, private companies and industrial operations

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook
Author: Gnaneswar Gude
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2018-04-19
ISBN: 9780128158180
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook Book Excerpt:

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook provides professionals and researchers with the latest treatment activities in the advancement of desalination technology. The book enables municipalities and private companies to custom-design sustainable desalination plants that will minimize discharge, energy costs and environmental footprint. Individual case studies are included to illustrate the benefits and drawback of each technique. Sections discuss a multitude of recently developed, advanced processes, along with notable advances made in existing technologies. These processes include adsorption, forward osmosis, humidification and dehumidification, membrane distillation, pervaporation and spray type thermal processes. In addition, theoretical membrane materials, such as nanocomposite and carbon nanotube membranes are also explored. Other chapters cover the desalination of shale gas, produced water, forward osmosis for agriculture, desalination for crop irrigation, and seawater for sustainable agriculture. International in its coverage, the chapters of this handbook are contributed by leading authors and researchers in all relevant fields. Expertly explains recent advances in sustainable desalination technology, including nanocomposite membranes, carbon nanotube membranes, forward reverse osmosis and desalination by pervaporation Provides state-of-the-art techniques for minimizing system discharge, energy cost and environmental footprint Includes individual case studies to illustrate the benefits and drawbacks of each technique Discusses techniques for the custom-design of sustainable desalination plants for municipalities, private companies and industrial operations

Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment

Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment
Author: Rajindar Singh,Nicholas Hankins
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2016-03-10
ISBN: 0444633162
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment Book Excerpt:

Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment provides the latest information on the impending crisis posed by water stress and poor sanitation, a timely issue that is one of the greatest human challenges of the 21st century. The book also discusses the use of membrane technology, a serious contender that can be used to confront the crisis on a global scale, along with its specific uses as a solution to this escalating problem. Provides a unique source on membrane technology and its application for water treatment Focuses on technologies designed for the treatment of seawater and brackish water Highlights the most economically and environmentally friendly membrane technologies Lists various technologies and emphasizes their link to renewable energy, energy efficiency, nanotechnology, reuse, and recycle

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment
Author: Noel Jacob Kaleekkal,Prasanna Kumar S Mural,Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran,Upal Ghosh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2021-07-06
ISBN: 1000395006
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book Excerpt:

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment discusses relevant sustainable technologies for water and wastewater treatment pertaining to a nanoscale approach to water treatment and desalination, membrane-based technologies for water recovery and reuse, the energy and water nexus, degradation of organic pollutants, nascent technologies, bio and bio-inspired materials for water reclamation and integrated systems, and an overview of wastewater treatment plants. The book focuses on advanced topics including in situ generation of hydroxyl radicals, which can aid in the indiscriminate oxidation of any contaminant present in wastewater, making advanced oxidation processes commercially viable. Features: A comprehensive review of current and novel water and wastewater treatment technologies from a sustainability perspective All the sustainable technologies, such as desalination, wastewater treatment, advanced oxidation processes, hydrodynamic cavitation, membrane-based technologies, sonosorption, and electrospun fibers Discussion on reference materials for important research accomplishments in the area of water and environmental engineering Theoretical aspects covering principles and instrumentation A summary on sustainability, including life cycle assessment (LCA), energy balance and large-scale implementation of advanced techniques This book is aimed at professionals, graduate students, and researchers in civil, chemical, environmental engineering, and materials science.

Gas Hydrate in Water Treatment

Gas Hydrate in Water Treatment
Author: Bhajan Lal,Sirisha Nallakukkala
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2022-04-05
ISBN: 1119866111
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gas Hydrate in Water Treatment Book Excerpt:

GAS HYDRATE IN WATER TREATMENT Explores current progress in the expanding field of gas hydrate-based desalination As potable water shortages continue to affect billions of people worldwide, seawater desalination and wastewater treatment have the potential to meet freshwater demands in the near future. Gas hydrate-based desalination, a process which requires CO2 and water as solvent, has become an increasingly popular approach—desalination with hydrates is environmentally friendly and can produce cheaper desalted water than other existing conventional technologies. Gas Hydrate in Water Treatment: Technological, Economic, and Industrial Aspects provides detailed, up-to-date reference to the application of gas hydrates in wastewater and seawater desalination treatment. Edited by experienced researchers in the field, this comprehensive volume describes the fundamental aspects of desalination and summarizes the latest research on gas hydrate-based desalination. The authors address a broad range of key topics, including issues related to water scarcity, post-treatment of desalinated water using both conventional and new technologies, hydrate-based desalination methods driven by renewable energy sources, and more. Provides thorough coverage of the technological, waste brine management, economic, and renewable energy and remineralization aspects of gas hydrate-based wastewater treatment Describes the energetic, economic, and environmental impact of gas hydrate desalination Explains the core concepts of gas hydrate-based desalination to help readers evaluate the performance of existing desalination processes Discusses the advantages and challenges of hydrate-based water treatment Compares conventional and gas hydrate technologies used in water treatment Reviews the most recent research in gas hydrate-based desalination Gas Hydrate in Water Treatment: Technological, Economic, and Industrial Aspects is an essential resource for all academics, researchers, process engineers, designers, industry professionals, and advanced students in the field.

Sustainable Separation Engineering

Sustainable Separation Engineering
Author: Gyorgy Szekely,Dan Zhao
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2022-04-04
ISBN: 111974010X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Separation Engineering Book Excerpt:

Sustainable Separation Engineering Explore an insightful collection of resources exploring conventional and emerging materials and techniques for separations In Sustainable Separation Engineering: Materials, Techniques and Process Development, a team of distinguished chemical engineers delivers a comprehensive discussion of the latest trends in sustainable separation engineering. Designed to facilitate understanding and knowledge transfer between materials scientists and chemical engineers, the book is beneficial for scientists, practitioners, technologists, and industrial managers. Written from a sustainability perspective, the status and need for more emphasis on sustainable separations in the chemical engineering curriculum is highlighted. The accomplished editors have included contributions that explore a variety of conventional and emerging materials and techniques for efficient separations, as well as the prospects for the use of artificial intelligence in separation science and technology. Case studies round out the included material, discussing a broad range of separation applications, like battery recycling, carbon sequestration, and biofuel production. This edited volume also provides: Thorough introductions to green materials for sustainable separations, as well as advanced materials for sustainable oil and water separation Comprehensive explorations of the recycling of lithium batteries and ionic liquids for sustainable separation processes Practical discussions of carbon sequestration, the recycling of polymer materials, and AI for the development of separation materials and processes In-depth examinations of membranes for sustainable separations, green extraction processes, and adsorption processes for sustainable separations Perfect for academic and industrial researchers interested in the green and sustainable aspects of separation science, Sustainable Separation Engineering: Materials, Techniques and Process Development is an indispensable resource for chemical engineers, materials scientists, polymer scientists, and renewable energy professionals.

Sustainable Energy Water Environment Nexus in Deserts

Sustainable Energy Water Environment Nexus in Deserts
Author: Essam Heggy,Veronica Bermudez,Marc Vermeersch
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 843
Release: 2022-05-27
ISBN: 3030760812
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Energy Water Environment Nexus in Deserts Book Excerpt:

This book addresses challenges and opportunities in the Energy-Water-Environment (EWE) nexus, with a particular focus on research and technology development requirements in harsh desert climates. Its chapters include selected contributions presented during the 1st international conference on sustainable Energy-Water-Environment nexus in desert climates (ICSEWEN-19) held at the Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI) in Doha, Qatar in December 2019. This volume is comprised of three main chapters, each describing important case studies and progress on water, energy and environmental questions. A fourth chapter on policies and community outreach on these three areas is also included. This compilation aims to bridge the gap between research and industry to address the socioeconomic impacts of the nexus imbalance as perceived by scientists, industrial partners, and policymakers. The content of this book is of particular importance to graduate students, researchers and decision makers interested in understanding water, energy and environmental challenges in arid areas. Re searchers in environmental and civil engineering, chemistry, hydrology and environmental science can also find unique in-situ observations of the current nexus imbalance in deserts climate to validate their investigations. It is also an invaluable guide for industry professionals working in water, energy, environment and food sectors to understand the rapidly evolving landscape of the EWE nexus in arid areas. The analyses, observations and lessons-learned summarized herein are applicable to other arid areas outside North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula as well, such as central Australia, the southwest of the United States and deserts in central Asia.

Removal of Pollutants from Saline Water

Removal of Pollutants from Saline Water
Author: Shaik Feroz,Detlef W. Bahnemann
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2021-12-23
ISBN: 1000520625
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Removal of Pollutants from Saline Water Book Excerpt:

Removal of Pollutants from Saline Water: Treatment Technologies provides a comprehensive understanding of technologies that are currently adopted in the treatment of pollutants present in saline water systems. It provides information on the treatment technologies for saline water systems, including seawater, brackish water, oil-produced water, and other industrial saline wastewaters. FEATURES Presents information exclusively for saline water pollutant removal Introduces current treatment technologies and addresses why and how the techniques differ between fresh and salt water Offers an inclusive overview of physicochemical, biological, membrane, and advanced oxidation treatment technologies Features various perspectives and case studies from relevant global experts Provides a comprehensive one-stop source for the treatment of pollutants in all saline water systems Aimed at students, academicians, researchers, and practicing engineers in the fields of chemical, civil, marine, and environmental engineering who wish to be acquainted with the most recent developments in the treatment of pollutants present in saline water systems. Prof. Dr. Shaik Feroz works at Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He has 30 years of experience in teaching, research, and industry. He has more than 190 publications to his credit in journals and conferences of international repute. He was awarded "Best Researcher" by Caledonian College of Engineering for the year 2014. Prof. Dr. Detlef W. Bahnemann is Head of the Research Unit, Photocatalysis and Nanotechnology at Leibniz University Hannover (Germany), Director of the Research Institute "Nanocomposite Materials for Photonic Applications" at Saint Petersburg State University (Russian Federation), and Distinguished Professor at Shaanxi University of Science and Technology in Xi’an (People's Republic of China). His research topics include photocatalysis, photoelectrochemistry, solar chemistry, and photochemistry focused on synthesis and physical-chemical properties of semiconductor and metal nanoparticles. His 500-plus publications have been cited more than 65,000 times (h-index: 100).

Energy Sustainability in Built and Urban Environments

Energy Sustainability in Built and Urban Environments
Author: Emilia Motoasca,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Hilde Breesch
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2018-11-09
ISBN: 9811332843
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Sustainability in Built and Urban Environments Book Excerpt:

This book covers different aspects of energy sustainability in residential buildings and neighborhoods, starting from the construction and design aspects, and moving on to HVAC systems and lighting, and the applications, harvesting, use and storage of renewable energy. The volume focuses on smart and sustainable use of energy, discussing both the technological advancements and the economic, social and environmental impacts. Novel approaches to recycling of waste and materials in the context of residential buildings are also presented. This volume will be of interest to researchers and policy makers working in the fields of renewable energy, sustainable design and city planning.

Electrospun and Nanofibrous Membranes

Electrospun and Nanofibrous Membranes
Author: Ali Kargari,Takeshi Matsuura,Mohammad Mahdi Mahdi A. Shirazi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 662
Release: 2022-09-30
ISBN: 0128230576
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrospun and Nanofibrous Membranes Book Excerpt:

Electrospun and Nanofibrous Membranes: Principles and Applications covers the fundamental basic science and many engineering aspects of electrospun membrane technology and nanofibers, membrane design and membrane processes. The book comprehensively reviews a wide range of applications including pressure-driven processes, MD process, batteries, oil-water separation, air filtration, drug delivery, fuel-cells, and ion-exchange membranes, as well as antimicrobial membranes. Electrospun and Nanofibrous Membranes will be useful for a range of audiences: chemical, polymer, and materials engineers; professors and graduate students working on membrane-based separation technology and electrospun nanofibers; as well as R&D engineers in industry working with applications including water and wastewater treatment, desalination, drug delivery and tissue engineering, new generation of batteries, fuel cells, and air filtration. Introduces comprehensively the principles of electrospinning and electrospun membranes Reviews and evaluates the different configurations of electrospinning Discusses scale-up strategies for nanofiber production

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering
Author: Adolfo Iulianelli
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2019-06-14
ISBN: 303921022X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering Book Excerpt:

This Special Issue is aimed at highlighting the potentialities of membrane and membrane reactor operations in various sectors of chemical engineering, based on application of the process intensification strategy. In all of the contributions, the principles of process intensification were pursued during the adoption of membrane technology, demonstrating how it may lead to the development of redesigned processes that are more compact and efficient while also being more environmental friendly, energy saving, and amenable to integration with other green processes. This Special Issue comprises a number of experimental and theoretical studies dealing with the application of membrane and membrane reactor technology in various scientific fields of chemical engineering, such as membrane distillation for wastewater treatment, hydrogen production from reforming reactions via inorganic membrane and membrane photoassisted reactors, membrane desalination, gas/liquid phase membrane separation of CO2, and membrane filtration for the recovery of antioxidants from agricultural byproducts, contributing to valorization of the potentialities of membrane operations.

Desalination

Desalination
Author: Mohammad Hossein Davood Abadi Farahani,Vahid Vatanpour,Amir Taheri
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2020-07-15
ISBN: 1789847389
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Desalination Book Excerpt:

Undoubtedly, drinking water of an acceptable quality has become a scarce commodity. Water shortage is becoming a major concern all around the world due to limited freshwater resources as well as the high cost of freshwater transportation from freshwater-rich areas to arid areas. As a result, solutions such as water recycling and desalination of saline or brackish water are being introduced and emerging worldwide as alternative ways of supplying water. Desalination of seawater is known to be one of mankind’s earliest forms of water treatment, and it has become one of the most sustainable alternative solutions to provide freshwater for many communities and industrial sectors. This book aims to cover the challenges and opportunities in desalination processes.

Contaminants and Clean Technologies

Contaminants and Clean Technologies
Author: Pankaj Chowdhary,Abhay Raj
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2020-02-27
ISBN: 100003061X
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contaminants and Clean Technologies Book Excerpt:

Contaminants and Clean Technologies provides valuable information on environmental contaminants such as industrial pollutants, micropollutants, pesticides, endocrine disruptors, pharmaceuticals, toxins, and hormones. It focuses on the various types of environmental contaminants discharged from various sources; their toxicological effects in environments, humans, animals, and plants; and their removal methods. It also covers, comprehensively, information on the contaminants released by various industries and agricultural practices, which cause severe threats to the environment. Features of the book: Elucidates systematic information on various types of environmental contaminants, and their fate and consequences Discusses contaminants such as endocrine disruptors, pharmaceutical waste, and personal care products Provides an overview of physicochemical and biological treatment technologies for sustainable development Details recent research finding in the area of environmental contaminants and their future challenges

Desalination Sustainability

Desalination Sustainability
Author: Hassan Arafat
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2017-06-09
ISBN: 0128098961
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Desalination Sustainability Book Excerpt:

Desalination Sustainability: A Technical, Socioeconomic, and Environmental Approach presents a technical, socioeconomical, and environmental approach that guides researchers and technology developers on how to quantify the energy efficiency of a proposed desalination process using thermodynamics-based tools. The book offers the technical reader an understanding of the issues related to desalination sustainability. For example, technology users, such as public utility managers will gain the ability and tools to assess whether or not desalination is a good choice for a city or country. Readers will learn new insights on a clear and practical methodology on how to probe the economic feasibility of desalination using simple and effective tools, such as levelized cost of water (LCOW) calculation. Decision-makers will find this book to be a valuable resource for the preliminary assessment of whether renewable-powered desalination is a good choice for their particular setting. Presents the issues related to desalination sustainability Guides researchers and technology developers on how to quantify the energy efficiency of a proposed desalination process using thermodynamics-based tools Outlines a clear and practical methodology on how to probe the economic feasibility of desalination using simple and effective tools Provides a roadmap for decision-makers on the applicability of a desalination process at a particular setting

Distillation Processes

Distillation Processes
Author: Vilmar Steffen
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2022-08-31
ISBN: 1839628073
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Distillation Processes Book Excerpt:

Distillation is an important separation technique that has been used for many centuries to exploit the volatility differences between components in a mixture. The distillation process has many variations and applications. This book includes two sections on desalination and reactive distillation. It discusses desalination in the processes of solar and membrane distillation, with a focus on the reduction of energy costs to obtain potable water. It also discusses reactive distillation, which can be used in some cases to reduce the power duty in the separation process by using the reaction heat directly in the separation. The book includes cases of mathematical modeling, simulation, and optimization of the distillation process.

ICCOEE2020

ICCOEE2020
Author: Bashar S. Mohammed,Nasir Shafiq,Shamsul Rahman M. Kutty,Hisham Mohamad,Abdul-Lateef Balogun
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1135
Release: 2020-12-31
ISBN: 9813363118
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ICCOEE2020 Book Excerpt:

This book contains papers presented in the 6th International Conference on Civil, Offshore & Environmental Engineering (ICCOEE2020) under the banner of World Engineering, Science & Technology Congress (ESTCON2020) will be held from 13th to 15th July 2021 at Borneo Convention Centre, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. This proceeding contains papers presented by academics and industrial practitioners showcasing the latest advancements and findings in civil engineering areas with an emphasis on sustainability and the Industrial Revolution 4.0. The papers are categorized under the following tracks and topics of research: 1. Resilient Structures and Smart Materials 2. Advanced Construction and Building Information Modelling 3. Smart and Sustainable Infrastructure 4. Advanced Coastal and Offshore Engineering 5. Green Environment and Smart Water Resource Management Systems

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology
Author: Johannes Fink
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2020-04-28
ISBN: 0128220740
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology Book Excerpt:

Petroleum engineers continue to need cost saving and environmentally sustainable products and methods for today’s hydraulic fracturing operations. Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluid Technology, Second Edition, continues to deliver an easy-to-use manual of fluid formulations to meet specific job needs. Enhanced with more environmental aspects, this reference helps engineers and fluid specialists select and use the appropriate chemicals for any hydraulic fracturing job. New information concerning nanotechnology applications such as wellbore sealant and proppants are added to enhance operations in a sustainable manner while saving on production costs. Other updates include low recovery of fracturing water in shale, surfactants for waterless hydraulic fracturing, and expanded produced water treatment. Rounding out with updated references and patents for easy reference, Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluid Technology, Second Edition, gives engineers a critical guide on selecting better products to boost productions while strengthening environmental enhancement and consideration. Gain insight with new information surrounding environmental contamination and produced water treatment methods Save on production costs with new nanoparticle-enhanced fluids and applications Eliminate guesswork with systematic approach to fluid technology organized by project need

FERTILIZER DRAWN FORWARD OSMOSIS PROCESS FOR BRACKISH WATER DESALINATION

 FERTILIZER DRAWN FORWARD OSMOSIS PROCESS FOR BRACKISH WATER DESALINATION
Author: Dr. Wafa Ali Saleh Suwaileh
Publsiher: Ashok Yakkaldevi
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2020-12-04
ISBN: 1716374774
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

FERTILIZER DRAWN FORWARD OSMOSIS PROCESS FOR BRACKISH WATER DESALINATION Book Excerpt:

1.1 Background Water–stress is becoming one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. The fast growth of population, tourism, and agriculture development in the world has resulted in a great demand for access to clean water [3]. Most of the developing regions of the world are still suffering from water scarcity. The problem of water shortage is being extended to other nations of the world. The lack of access to safe drinking water poses significant problems globally. Fresh water is not available for around 1.2 billion people worldwide while around 2.6 billion may obtain limited or unsafe water. This may be the result of climate change with extreme industrial and agriculture activities. It was assumed that by 2025, two thirds of people around the world will be living in water-stressed countries [4]. Thus, the requirement of potable water to sustain human life in the world will rise from 4500 billion m3 to 6900 billion m3 by 2030 which goes beyond the accessible water resources [5]. Therefore, we need to meet and sustain these growing demands as soon as possible. A promising technology to meet the demand of fresh water is water desalination using membrane technology. A recent study reported that the daily production of desalinated water was up to 25 million m3 globally [6, 7]. Water desalination was developed to remove salts and other contaminants from seawater, brackish water and produced water to acquire drinking water [8]. Singh et al. [9] stated that since 1995 membrane filtration has been effective in removing microbiological species such as Giardia and Cryptosporidium. It has also been reported that membrane-based desalination provides 63.7% drinking water while thermal desalination method provides almost half of it, about 34.2% globally [10]. For instance, micro-filtration and ultrafiltration membranes can reject particles much smaller than 1 micron such as proteins, oil droplets, bacteria, etc. In contrast, Nano filtration and reverse osmosis can separate particles in the range of 1/100th to 1/1000th of a micrometre, such as aqueous salts, sugars, and amino acids [11]. Among the membrane desalination technologies, reverse osmosis (RO) is being actively used in most countries due to their significant properties and ease of obtaining drinking water.

Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Industrial Wastewater Treatment
Author: Thirugnanasambandham Karchiyappan,Rama Rao Karri,Mohammad Hadi Dehghani
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3030982025
Category: Biotechnology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrial Wastewater Treatment Book Excerpt:

This book provides an overview of recent advances in technologies for water treatment processes, such as green technology, nano-adsorbents, photocatalysts, advanced oxidation, membranes separation and sustainable technologies. Advances in membrane technology and fabrication process is presented in detail. Latest approaches like microbial treatment, electro chemical and solar energy-based treatment techniques were presented. Also, the use of sustainable and energy efficient approaches were discussed. The book presents the negative impact of inorganic and organic pollutants on the natural environment and human health. It describes and discussing the advanced membrane technologies, novel green adsorbents, microbial treatment techniques, electro chemical and solar based removal techniques It also compares the most effective methods of removing toxic contaminants from water solutions with the use of sustainable and energy efficient approaches It also presents the life cycle assessment of emerging technologies in industrial wastewater treatment and desalination as well as presents the benchmarking of energy efficiency during treatment process.

Membranes with Functionalized Nanomaterials

Membranes with Functionalized Nanomaterials
Author: Suman Dutta,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2022-04-09
ISBN: 0323859429
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Membranes with Functionalized Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

Membranes with Functionalized Nanomaterials: Current and Emerging Research Trends in Membrane Technology provides researchers and practitioners with basic and advanced knowledge of sustainable membrane technology. The book summarizes recent progress made in novel functionalized nanomaterials (FNMs) used in modern membrane technology. It gives a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art technologies in the field of nanomaterial-based membranes and provides in an in-depth and step-by-step way the foundational scientific knowledge on various sustainable membranes with FNMs technologies and their impact on society and in various industries. In addition, readers get a handbook in a compact form with various aspects of FNMs-based sustainable membranes. Explores innovative strategies to fabricate functionalized nanomaterials-based membranes Evaluates the advanced functionalized nanomaterials-based membranes and other transformational options Offers a detailed spectrum of applications of sustainable functionalized nanomaterials-based membranes