Emotion in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Emotion in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Author: Matthew Tull,Nathan Kimbrel
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 652
Release: 2020-01-31
ISBN: 0128162899
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotion in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Book Excerpt:

Emotion in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder provides an up-to-date review of the empirical research on the relevance of emotions, such as fear, anxiety, shame, guilt, and disgust to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It also covers emerging research on the psychophysiology and neurobiological underpinnings of emotion in PTSD, as well as the role of emotion in the behavioral, cognitive, and affective difficulties experienced by individuals with PTSD. It concludes with a review of evidence-based treatment approaches for PTSD and their ability to mitigate emotion dysfunction in PTSD, including prolonged exposure, cognitive processing therapy, and acceptance-based behavioral therapy. Identifies how emotions are central to understanding PTSD. Explore the neurobiology of emotion in PTSD. Discusses emotion-related difficulties in relation to PTSD, such as impulsivity and emotion dysregulation. Provides a review of evidence-based PTSD treatments that focus on emotion.

Awareness Expression and Response to Emotion in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Awareness  Expression  and Response to Emotion in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Author: Paul Frewen
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Awareness Expression and Response to Emotion in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Book Excerpt:

Emotion s Effects on Attention and Memory

Emotion s Effects on Attention and Memory
Author: Katherine Mickley Steinmetz
Publsiher: Nova Science Publishers
Total Pages: 89
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9781616685324
Category: Attention
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotion s Effects on Attention and Memory Book Excerpt:

Cognition and Emotion

Cognition and Emotion
Author: Mick Power,Tim Dalgleish
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2015-08-20
ISBN: 1317483790
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognition and Emotion Book Excerpt:

This fully updated third edition of the highly praised Cognition and Emotion provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary research on both normal emotional experience and the emotional disorders. The book provides a comprehensive review of the basic literature on cognition and emotion – it describes the historical background and philosophy of emotion, reviews the main theories of normal emotions and emotional disorders, and the research on the five basic emotions of fear, anger, sadness, anger, disgust and happiness. The authors provide a unique integration of two areas which are often treated separately: the main theories of normal emotions rarely address the issue of disordered emotions, and theories of emotional disorders (e.g. depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and phobias) rarely discuss normal emotions. The book draws these separate strands together, introducing a theoretical framework that can be applied to both normal and disordered emotions. Cognition and Emotion provides both an advanced textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in addition to a novel approach with a range of implications for clinical practice for work with the emotional disorders.

The Resilience Handbook

The Resilience Handbook
Author: Martha Kent,Mary C. Davis,John W. Reich
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2013-08-22
ISBN: 1136484256
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Resilience Handbook Book Excerpt:

How are people and communities able to prevail despite challenge? What helps them bounce back from adversity and even grow in knowledge and understanding? And can this resilience be taught? During the past decade, exciting scientific advances have shed light on how resilience operates from neurons to neighborhoods. In The Resilience Handbook, experts in the science of resilience draw on human and animal research to describe the process of resilience and follow its course as it unfolds both within individuals and in social networks. Contributors also highlight the promise of new interventions that apply what we know about resilience processes to bolster positive health, and raise some of the pressing questions and issues for the field as it matures. This handbook is designed to be used by students as an invitation to a burgeoning field; by researchers, as a framework for advancing theories, hypotheses, and empirical tests of resilience functions; and by clinicians, as a comprehensive and up-to-the-minute integration of theory and practice.

Emotion Regulation and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Emotion Regulation and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Author: Taryn Weinkam
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2013
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Emotions and cognition
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotion Regulation and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Book Excerpt:

Cognitive reappraisal, suppression, self-efficacy for regulating emotion, and emotional clarity were not significantly related to PTSD. However, participants who were less aware of their emotions experienced greater hyperarousal symptoms and more severe PTSD overall. Greater use of cognitive reappraisal was associated with greater clarity and awareness of emotions, and less difficulty with impulse control. These findings were largely inconsistent with hypotheses and with the literature on emotion regulation in traumatized populations. Study limitations, clinical implications of these findings, and directions for future research are discussed.

How Does Emotion Affect Attention and Memory

How Does Emotion Affect Attention and Memory
Author: Katherine Mickley Steinmetz,Elizabeth A. Kensinger
Publsiher: Nova Novinka
Total Pages: 72
Release: 2010-01-01
ISBN: 9781616688486
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How Does Emotion Affect Attention and Memory Book Excerpt:

Out of all of the information that we experience, only a subset will become part of our memories. Attentional processes, engaged during an event's unfolding, are essential for allowing us to transform an experience into a memory, and emotion can critically modulate those attentional processes, increasing the likelihood that an emotional experience becomes part of our memory stores. This book reviews behavioral and neuroimaging evidence that has revealed effects of emotion on memory and attention in individuals with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Trauma and the Startle Reflex

Trauma and the Startle Reflex
Author: Sommer Lynn Kraft-Purvis
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: College students
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trauma and the Startle Reflex Book Excerpt:

"Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is defined, in part, by the emotional experience of its sufferers. However, the emotional dysregulation associated with this disorder is currently the "least understood and the most understudied aspect ofthe syndrome" (Litz, Orsillo, Kaoupek & Weathers, 2000, p.26). In this study, the startle blink paradigm was used to investigate the emotional experiences of university students with PTSD as compared to non-PTSD controls. Pleasant, unpleasant, and neutral images were presented to a sample of 19 undergraduates at Eastern Washington University. Participants were divided into two groups: PTSD (current PTSD) and Control (trauma with no PTSD) groups. Each participant experienced acoustic startle stimuli (bursts of white noise at 95-dB for lOO- ms) while viewing 48 emotionally salient lAPS images. Startle magnitude, as integrated electromyographic (EMG) activity from the orbicularis oculi, was used to assess the effects of affective valence on the physiological responses of this sample. A repeated measures ANOVA found significant main effects ofboth trial and affective image, replicating the occurrence of habituation over time and the effectiveness of iAPS images. In addition, although no significant group by affect interaction was found, the two groups differed in two highly suggestive ways. The PTSD group appeared to exhibit emotional numbing, responding with smaller blink magnitudes, especially during the presentation of aversive images. In addition, the PTSD group initially responded similarly to both positive and negative images. Although not statistically significant, this occurrence suggests a possible inability to initially discriminate between emotionally salient stimuli"--Document.

When Someone You Love Suffers from Posttraumatic Stress

When Someone You Love Suffers from Posttraumatic Stress
Author: Claudia Zayfert,Jason C. DeViva
Publsiher: Guilford Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2011-08-08
ISBN: 1609182219
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

When Someone You Love Suffers from Posttraumatic Stress Book Excerpt:

For trauma survivors struggling with intense memories and emotions, it often feels like life won't ever be "normal" again. Effective treatments are out there, but the needs of family members are often overlooked. Will the person you love ever get better? What can you do to promote healing? Where can you turn when you just can't cope? From experienced trauma specialists Drs. Claudia Zayfert and Jason C. DeViva, this compassionate guide is packed with information, support, vivid stories, and specific advice. Learn to navigate the rough spots day by day and help your loved one find a brighter tomorrow. Mental health professionals, see also the related treatment manual, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for PTSD. Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT) Self-Help Book of Merit

Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders

Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders
Author: David H. Barlow,Todd J. Farchione,Shannon Sauer-Zavala,Heather Murray Latin,Kristen K. Ellard,Jacqueline R. Bullis,Kate H. Bentley,Hannah T. Boettcher,Clair Cassiello-Robbins
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2017-11-17
ISBN: 0190686022
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders Book Excerpt:

Leading therapists and researchers have come to understand that many psychological disorders share common features and respond to common therapeutic treatments. This deepened understanding of the nature of psychological disorders, their causes, and their symptoms has led to the development of new, comprehensive treatment programs that are effective for whole classes of disorders. Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders is one such program. Designed for individuals suffering from emotional disorders, including panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, and depression, this program focuses on helping you to better understand your emotions and identify what you're doing in your responses to them that may be making things worse. Throughout the course of treatment you will learn different strategies and techniques for managing your emotional experiences and the symptoms of your disorder. You will learn how to monitor your feelings, thoughts, and behaviors; confront uncomfortable emotions; and learn more effective ways of coping with your experiences. By proactively practicing the skills presented in this book-and completing the exercises, homework assignments and self-assessment quizzes provided in each chapter, you will address your problems in a comprehensive and effective way so you can regulate your emotional experiences and return to living a happy and functional life.

Perception of Music Emotion in Veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Perception of Music Emotion in Veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Author: Evan J. Privoznik
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perception of Music Emotion in Veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Book Excerpt:

The purpose of this study was to determine whether veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) perceive emotions in music differently than veterans without PTSD. Thirty-five veterans participated in this study, 18 with PTSD and 17 without PTSD. Each participant took part in one 45-minute music listening task to identify the type of emotion and emotion intensity of 25 musical excerpts. Excerpts were selected from a previous study and came from film scores. A measure of state mood was used to control for mood effects on music-emotion perception. Music-emotion categorization was analyzed by chi-square tests. A between-subjects analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was completed to determine any main effects or interactions amongst the perception of music-emotion category and intensity between veterans with PTSD and veterans without PTSD, while controlling for the effect of mood. Results indicated that no statistically significant difference existed between veterans with and without PTSD in how they categorized music-emotions (all p>.137). Results also showed no statistically significant main effect of music-emotion intensity (F(2.97,80.21) =5.10, p=.674). Finally, no statistically significant interactions were found, however, the interaction between music-emotion intensity and category had a medium effect size (Partial [eta]2=.091). The results gathered from the study elucidate the differences in perception between veterans with PTSD and veterans without PTSD. The results will then determine whether or not music is an appropriate stimulus for veterans with PTSD.

Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders

Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders
Author: David H. Barlow,Todd J. Farchione,Christopher P. Fairholme,Kristen K. Ellard,Christina L. Boisseau,Laura B. Allen,Jill T. Ehrenreich May
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2010-12-14
ISBN: 9780199813339
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders Book Excerpt:

Emerging conceptualizations of major emotional disorders emphasize their commonalities rather than their differences, including considerable overlap in disorder phenomenology, a common set of vulnerabilities to development of emotional disorders, and generalization of treatment response across disorders. Current research lends support for a unified transdiagnostic approach to treatment of these disorders that considers these commonalities and is applicable to a range of emotional disorders. Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders, part of the TreatmentsThatWork series of therapist manuals and patient workbooks, is a radical departure from disorder-specific treatments of various emotional disorders, and is designed to be applicable to all anxiety and unipolar mood disorders, as well as other disorders with strong emotional components, such as many somatoform and dissociative disorders. The Unified Protocol (UP) capitalizes on the contributions made by cognitive-behavioral theorists by distilling and incorporating the common principles of CBT present in all evidenced based protocols for specific emotional disorders, as well as drawing on the field of emotion science for insights into deficits in emotion regulation. The UP contains seven modules and focuses on four core strategies: becoming mindfully aware of emotional experience; reappraising rigid emotion laden attributions; identifying and preventing behavioral and emotional avoidance; and facilatating exposure to both interoceptive and situational cues associated with emotional experiences. Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders will be an essential resource for all therapists and psychiatrists who implement CBT strategies, as well as any clinician treating anxiety and depressive disorders.

Emotional Reactivity Emotion Regulation Capacity and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Traumatized Refugees

Emotional Reactivity  Emotion Regulation Capacity and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Traumatized Refugees
Author: Tobias Raphael Spiller
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotional Reactivity Emotion Regulation Capacity and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Traumatized Refugees Book Excerpt:

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Psychopathy and Impairments in Emotion Recognition

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder  Psychopathy  and Impairments in Emotion Recognition
Author: Yekaterina Plavnik
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 37
Release: 2012
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Psychopathy and Impairments in Emotion Recognition Book Excerpt:

Emotion Regulation and Experiential Avoidance Overlap in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Emotion Regulation and Experiential Avoidance Overlap in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Author: Melissa Nicole Smith
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotion Regulation and Experiential Avoidance Overlap in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Book Excerpt:

This study aimed to elucidate the independent and synergistic effects of emotion regulation (ER) defecits and experiential avoidance (EA) in the context of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We addressed these questions in a sample of trauma-exposed college students. Using a sample of 620 college students (75.6% female, 48.9% Caucasian, 39.2% African American), all participants were trauma-exposed, in accordance with criterion A for PTSD in the DSM-5. 163 (26.3%) participants screened positive for PTSD. In correlational analyses, EA, ER, and PTSD showed largely strong, positive relations to each other. Moderation analyses showed that ER difficulties were predictive of PTSD severity only among individuals high in EA. Among those low in EA, there was not a significant relation between DERS and PCL. This pattern held for full scale DERS score as well as for two subscales: Nonacceptance of Emotional Responses, and Limited Access to Emotional Regulation Strategies.

Neurobiology of PTSD

Neurobiology of PTSD
Author: Israel Liberzon,Kerry Ressler
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2016-08-08
ISBN: 0190215429
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurobiology of PTSD Book Excerpt:

Neurobiology of PTSD outlines the basic neural mechanisms that mediate complex responses and adaptations to psychological trauma, describing how these biological processes are impaired in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Throughout three comprehensive sections, expert authors present detailed analysis of the neural circuitry of emotion, biological findings in post-traumatic stress disorder, and neuroscience informed treatment and prevention. This book is a foundational resource for psychiatrists, neuroscientists, psychologists, and allied health professionals.

Handbook of Cognition and Emotion

Handbook of Cognition and Emotion
Author: Michael D. Robinson,Edward R. Watkins,Eddie Harmon-Jones
Publsiher: Guilford Press
Total Pages: 594
Release: 2013-03-29
ISBN: 1462509991
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Cognition and Emotion Book Excerpt:

Comprehensively examining the relationship between cognition and emotion, this authoritative handbook brings together leading investigators from multiple psychological subdisciplines. Biological underpinnings of the cognition-emotion interface are reviewed, including the role of neurotransmitters and hormones. Contributors explore how key cognitive processes -- such as attention, learning, and memory -- shape emotional phenomena, and vice versa. Individual differences in areas where cognition and emotion interact -- such as agreeableness and emotional intelligence -- are addressed. The volume also analyzes the roles of cognition and emotion in anxiety, depression, borderline personality disorder, and other psychological disorders.

Emotional Contrast Avoidance Versus Emotional Avoidance in Mediating the Relationship Between Worry and the Threat of Emotion on PTSD Symptom Severity

Emotional Contrast Avoidance Versus Emotional Avoidance in Mediating the Relationship Between Worry and the Threat of Emotion on PTSD Symptom Severity
Author: Nicole C. Tarter
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 72
Release: 2015
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotional Contrast Avoidance Versus Emotional Avoidance in Mediating the Relationship Between Worry and the Threat of Emotion on PTSD Symptom Severity Book Excerpt:

The goal of this study was to examine the opposing emotion regulation strategies of emotional contrast avoidance (Newman & Llera, 2011) versus emotional avoidance as mediators between worry and the threat of emotion in their ability to predict Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptomatology. 221 college students who endorsed experiencing at least one traumatic event completed multiple questionnaires assessing PTSD symptom severity, worry, emotional avoidance, emotional contrast avoidance, and the perceived threat of emotion. Multiple mediation models and bootstrapping confidence intervals were conducted and analyzed. Results demonstrated that emotional contrast avoidance was the only variable to account for the relationship between worry and PTSD symptom severity. Emotional contrast avoidance and negative emotional avoidance were equal mediators for the relationship between the threat of emotion and PTSD symptom severity. The implications of these findings in our understanding of emotional dysregulation in PTSD are presented.

Emotion Processing in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Emotion Processing in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Author: Sandra Passardi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotion Processing in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Book Excerpt:

Expanding the Role of Criterion A2 in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Expanding the Role of Criterion A2 in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Author: Daniel Evan Dewey
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 43
Release: 2011
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Post-traumatic stress disorder
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Expanding the Role of Criterion A2 in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Book Excerpt:

Posttraumatic stress disorder is a psychiatric construct that refers to symptoms that may follow exposure to a traumatic event. The current definition of a traumatic event differentiates between the objective event, criterion A1, and an individual's subjective response, criterion A2. This study investigated the importance of criterion A2 and other intense negative emotions in the development of PTSD. Self-report measures were used to determine the presence or absence of the event criteria A1 and A2, PTSD symptoms, and intensity of emotion type at the time of an event. Criterion A2 emotions at the time of the event were associated with higher levels of PTSD symptoms regardless of the presence or absence of an A1 event. Consistent with previous literature, non-criteria A1 events were associated with higher ratings of PTSD symptoms compared to criteria A1 events. Finally, in addition to the peritraumatic emotion of fear, peritraumatic guilt also significantly predicted PTSD symptom intensity.