Empire of Cotton

Empire of Cotton
Author: Sven Beckert
Publsiher: Allen Lane
Total Pages: 615
Release: 2014-11-06
ISBN: 9780241011713
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Empire of Cotton Book Excerpt:

WINNER OF THE 2015 BANCROFT AND PHILIP TAFT PRIZES AND A FINALIST FOR THE PULITZER PRIZEFor about 900 years, from 1000 to 1900, cotton was the world's most important manufacturing industry. It remains a vast business - if all the cotton bales produced in 2013 had been stacked on top of each other they would have made a somewhat unstable tower 40,000 miles high. Sven Beckert's superb new book is a history of the overwhelming role played by cotton in dictating the shape of our world. For centuries it was central to India's prosperity - a prosperity that was devastated by Britain's imperial takeover of the industry. It formed the core of Britain and Europe's industrial revolution. It revived and modernized slavery in the American South. Essential to billions of people and easily transported, cotton made fortunes, changed geographies and was crucial to modern capitalism and globalization. Empire of Cotton is both a gripping narrative and a brilliant case history of how the world works.

Empire of Cotton

Empire of Cotton
Author: Sven Beckert
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2014-12-02
ISBN: 0385353251
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Empire of Cotton Book Excerpt:

The epic story of the rise and fall of the empire of cotton, its centrality to the world economy, and its making and remaking of global capitalism. Cotton is so ubiquitous as to be almost invisible, yet understanding its history is key to understanding the origins of modern capitalism. Sven Beckert’s rich, fascinating book tells the story of how, in a remarkably brief period, European entrepreneurs and powerful statesmen recast the world’s most significant manufacturing industry, combining imperial expansion and slave labor with new machines and wage workers to change the world. Here is the story of how, beginning well before the advent of machine production in the 1780s, these men captured ancient trades and skills in Asia, and combined them with the expropriation of lands in the Americas and the enslavement of African workers to crucially reshape the disparate realms of cotton that had existed for millennia, and how industrial capitalism gave birth to an empire, and how this force transformed the world. The empire of cotton was, from the beginning, a fulcrum of constant global struggle between slaves and planters, merchants and statesmen, workers and factory owners. Beckert makes clear how these forces ushered in the world of modern capitalism, including the vast wealth and disturbing inequalities that are with us today. The result is a book as unsettling as it is enlightening: a book that brilliantly weaves together the story of cotton with how the present global world came to exist.

Summary of Empire of Cotton

Summary of Empire of Cotton
Author: Accel Read
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 75
Release: 2021-03-12
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary of Empire of Cotton Book Excerpt:

Empire of Cotton Summary and Study GuideEmpire of Cotton is a nonfiction book published in 2014 by the German-American author and historian Sven Beckert. By chronicling the history of the global cotton trade and its vast network of growers, merchants, and manufacturers, the book explores the origins and evolution of modern capitalism. In a narrative spanning over two centuries, Beckett takes readers through the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, the American Civil War, and the collapse of colonialism following World War II--events all deeply-rooted in the world of cotton. For Empire of Cotton, Beckert won the Bancroft Prize and became a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in History.Beckert's story begins in 1784 in Quarry Bank Mill, England. Samuel Greg, using a family fortune amassed over decades working in the West Indian slave trade, built a water-driven, yarn-spinning factory--a fitting microcosm of the cotton industry at this time. Almost all the major players in the industry made their fortunes trafficking humans in the slave trade, extracting most of its human capital from islands in the West Indies, such as Dominica. The abolition of slavery on British soil did little to curb the nation's participation in the broader international slave trade. For example, even though the British were no longer buying slaves for their own use, they still took land from indigenous people around the world, making it easier for American slave traders to capture the residents of these areas. Furthermore, England--like most developed nations at the time--relied on cotton-based textiles farmed by slaves on American soil...The "ACCEL READ" collection the perfect way to take of some of the best-selling books available, whilst saving time.In short, we've done the reading so you don't have to!The collection presents summaries on a wide range of books, covering topics, so that readers can get the main information and cut reading time in half.Each summary contains carefully selected essential information to help you understand the key ideas and expand your knowledge quickly.All Summer In A Day Summary and Study Guide* Summary* Story Analysis* Character Analysis* Themes* Symbols & Motifs* Literary Devices* Important Quotes* Essay Topics

The Golden Thread How Fabric Changed History

The Golden Thread  How Fabric Changed History
Author: Kassia St. Clair
Publsiher: Liveright Publishing
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2019-11-12
ISBN: 1631496360
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Golden Thread How Fabric Changed History Book Excerpt:

A Sunday Times (UK) Book of the Year Shortlisted • Society of Authors' Somerset Maugham Award A BBC Radio 4 Book of the Week The best-selling author of The Secret Lives of Color returns with this rollicking narrative of the 30,000-year history of fabric, briskly told through thirteen charismatic episodes. From colorful 30,000-year-old threads found on the floor of a Georgian cave to the Indian calicoes that sparked the Industrial Revolution, The Golden Thread weaves an illuminating story of human ingenuity. Design journalist Kassia St. Clair guides us through the technological advancements and cultural customs that would redefi ne human civilization—from the fabric that allowed mankind to achieve extraordinary things (traverse the oceans and shatter athletic records) and survive in unlikely places (outer space and the South Pole). She peoples her story with a motley cast of characters, including Xiling, the ancient Chinese empress credited with inventing silk, to Richard the Lionhearted and Bing Crosby. Offering insights into the economic and social dimensions of clothmaking—and countering the enduring, often demeaning, association of textiles as “merely women’s work”—The Golden Thread offers an alternative guide to our past, present, and future.

Work Mate Marry Love

Work Mate Marry Love
Author: Debora L. Spar
Publsiher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2020-08-18
ISBN: 0374716218
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Work Mate Marry Love Book Excerpt:

A crucial guide to life before—and after—Tinder, IVF, and robots. What will happen to our notions of marriage and parenthood as reproductive technologies increasingly allow for newfangled ways of creating babies? What will happen to our understanding of gender as medical advances enable individuals to transition from one set of sexual characteristics to another, or to remain happily perched in between? What will happen to love and sex and romance as our relationships migrate from the real world to the Internet? Can people fall in love with robots? Will they? In short, what will happen to our most basic notions of humanity as we entangle our lives and emotions with the machines we have created? In Work Mate Marry Love, Harvard Business School professor and former Barnard College president Debora L. Spar offers an incisive and provocative account of how technology has transformed our intimate lives in the past, and how it will do so again in the future. Surveying the course of history, she shows how marriage as we understand it resulted from the rise of agriculture, and that the nuclear family emerged with the industrial revolution. In their day, the street light, the car, and later the pill all upended courtship and sex. Now, as we enter an era of artificial intelligence and robots, how will our deepest feelings and attachments evolve? In the past, the prevailing modes of production produced a world dominated by heterosexual, mostly-monogamous, two-parent families. In the future, however, these patterns are almost certain to be reshaped, creating entirely new norms for sex and romance, and for the construction of families and the raising of children. Steering clear of both techno-euphoria and alarmism, Spar offers a bold and inclusive vision of how our lives might be changed for the better.

Marse

Marse
Author: H. D. Kirkpatrick
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2022-02-15
ISBN: 1633887588
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marse Book Excerpt:

Written by a clinical and forensic psychologist, Marse: A Psychological Portrait of the American Southern White Elite Slave Master and His Endurig Impact focuses on the white men who composed the southern planter class. The book is a psychological autopsy of the mind and slaveholding behavior that helps explain the enduring roots of white supremacy and the hidden wound of racist slavery that continues to affect all Americans today. Marse details and illuminates examples of the psychological mechanisms by which southern slave masters justified owning another human being as property and how they formed a society in which it was morally acceptable. Kirkpatrick uses forensic psychology to analyze the personality formation, defense mechanisms, and psychopathologies of slave masters. Their delusional beliefs and assumptions about black Africans extended to a forceful cohort of white slaveholding women, and they twisted Christianity to promote slavery as a positive good. He examines the masters’ stress and fears, and how they developed psychologically fatal, slavery-specific defense mechanisms to cope. Through sources such as diaries, letters, autobiographies, and sermons, Marse describes the ways in which slaveholders created a delusional worldview that sanctioned cruel instruments of punishment, and the laws and social policies of domination used to rob Blacks of their human rights. In light of the seismic shift in race relations our nation is experiencing right now, this book is timely because it will advance our understanding of the South’s self-defeating romance with racist slavery and its latent and chronic effects. The parallels between the psychology of antebellum slaveholding and today’s racism are palpable.

Exploring the American Civil War Through 50 Historic Treasures

Exploring the American Civil War Through 50 Historic Treasures
Author: Julie L Holcomb
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2021-05-15
ISBN: 1538118564
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exploring the American Civil War Through 50 Historic Treasures Book Excerpt:

"This book will deploy a wide range of material culture objects, artwork, and landscapes to the tell the story of the American Civil War. The objects will document the war's history from its beginnings in the fierce debates over slavery through its legacy, including recent debates about Confederate monuments"--

Names and Naming in Early Modern Germany

Names and Naming in Early Modern Germany
Author: Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer,Joel F. Harrington
Publsiher: Berghahn Books
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2019-05-01
ISBN: 1789202116
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Names and Naming in Early Modern Germany Book Excerpt:

Throughout the many political and social upheavals of the early modern era, names were words to conjure by, articulating significant historical trends and helping individuals and societies make sense of often dramatic periods of change. Centered on onomastics—the study of names—in the German-speaking lands, this volume, gathering leading scholars across multiple disciplines, explores the dynamics and impact of naming (and renaming) processes in a variety of contexts—social, artistic, literary, theological, and scientific—in order to enhance our understanding of individual and collective experiences.

Inside the Invisible

Inside the Invisible
Author: Celeste-Marie Bernier,Lubaina Himid,Alan Rice,Hannah Durkin
Publsiher: Liverpool Studies in Internati
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2019
ISBN: 1789620856
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inside the Invisible Book Excerpt:

Inside the Invisible investigates the life and works of Turner Prize-winning Black British artist and curator Lubaina Himid (CBE) to provide the first study of her lifelong determination to do justice to the hidden histories and untold stories of Black women, children, and men bought and sold into transatlantic slavery.

Slavery in Small Things

Slavery in Small Things
Author: James Walvin
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2017-02-06
ISBN: 1119166225
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Slavery in Small Things Book Excerpt:

Slavery in Small Things: Slavery and Modern Cultural Habits isthe first book to explore the long-range cultural legacy of slavery through commonplace daily objects. Offers a new and original approach to the history of slavery by an acknowledged expert on the topic Traces the relationship between slavery and modern cultural habits through an analysis of commonplace objects that include sugar, tobacco, tea, maps, portraiture, print, and more Represents the only study that utilizes common objects to illustrate the cultural impact and legacy of the Atlantic slave trade Makes the topic of slavery accessible to a wider public audience

Plantation Kingdom

Plantation Kingdom
Author: Richard Follett,Sven Beckert,Peter Coclanis,Barbara M. Hahn
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2016-02-04
ISBN: 1421419394
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plantation Kingdom Book Excerpt:

"Students need to understand how market demand for certain staple crops created plantations and the slave- and then indentured-labor system, and this book explains it. The third entry in the Cunliffe Series, it examines the cultivation of American tobacco, rice, sugar, and cotton in the context of global economic developments, from the late colonial period through the late nineteenth century. Domestic and foreign demand for these commodities greatly enriched the owners of land and labor (or those who controlled 'free' labor), bringing the grandees prestige and political power. But of course these markets could take away as well as give, so fluctuating demand and over-production often wreaked havoc on the Southern economy--affecting the well-being even of people not directly involved in staple-crop agriculture. So were these crops an advantage or something else? How could even the best of intentions improve race relations when so many whites found themselves caught in the staple-crop net? One lesson this book teaches may be the practical limits on human agency"--

Worn

Worn
Author: Sofi Thanhauser
Publsiher: Penguin UK
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2022-01-25
ISBN: 0141990325
Category: Design
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Worn Book Excerpt:

'This riveting behind-the-scenes story of the clothes on our backs is a must-read for clotheshorses everywhere' Harper's Bazaar 'Extraordinary . . . fascinating . . . a wonderful way into history, quite often through the voices of people who don't have a say in history' Cerys Matthews Linen, Cotton, Silk, Synthetics, Wool: through the stories of these five fabrics, Sofi Thanhauser illuminates the world we inhabit in a startling new way, travelling from China to Cumbria to reveal the craft, labour and industry that create the clothes we wear. From the women who transformed stalks of flax into linen to clothe their families in nineteenth century New England to those who earn their dowries in the cotton-spinning factories of South India today, this book traces the origins of garment-making through time and around the world. Exploring the social, economic and environmental impact of our most personal possessions, Worn looks beyond care labels to show how clothes reveal the truth about what we really care about. 'A must-read . . . combines remarkable research with heartfelt care' Clare Hunter

An Empire of Wealth

An Empire of Wealth
Author: John Steele Gordon
Publsiher: Zondervan
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2009-10-13
ISBN: 006184764X
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Empire of Wealth Book Excerpt:

Throughout time, from ancient Rome to modern Britain, the great empires built and maintained their domination through force of arms and political power. But not the United States. America has dominated the world in a new, peaceful, and pervasive way -- through the continued creation of staggering wealth. In this authoritative, engrossing history, John Steele Gordon captures as never before the true source of our nation's global influence: wealth and the capacity to create more of it. This P.S. edition features an extra 16 pages of insights into the book, including author interviews, recommended reading, and more.

The Peasant Production of Opium in Nineteenth Century India

The Peasant Production of Opium in Nineteenth Century India
Author: Rolf Bauer
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2019-04-09
ISBN: 9004385185
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Peasant Production of Opium in Nineteenth Century India Book Excerpt:

In The Peasant Production of Opium in Nineteenth-Century India, Rolf Bauer deals with the peasants who produced opium for the colonial state in nineteenth-century India. He shows how the peasants were forced to cultivate this unremunerative crop through a collaboration of the state and the Indian elite.

Delta Epiphany

Delta Epiphany
Author: Ellen B. Meacham
Publsiher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2018-04-02
ISBN: 1496817486
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Delta Epiphany Book Excerpt:

In April 1967, a year before his run for president, Senator Robert F. Kennedy knelt in a crumbling shack in Mississippi trying to coax a response from a listless child. The toddler sat picking at dried rice and beans spilled over the dirt floor as Kennedy, former US attorney general and brother to a president, touched the boy's distended stomach and stroked his face and hair. After several minutes with little response, the senator walked out the back door, wiping away tears. In Delta Epiphany: Robert F. Kennedy in Mississippi, Ellen B. Meacham tells the story of Kennedy's visit to the Delta, while also examining the forces of history, economics, and politics that shaped the lives of the children he met in Mississippi in 1967 and the decades that followed. The book includes thirty-seven powerful photographs, a dozen published here for the first time. Kennedy's visit to the Mississippi Delta as part of a Senate subcommittee investigation of poverty programs lasted only a few hours, but Kennedy, the people he encountered, Mississippi, and the nation felt the impact of that journey for much longer. His visit and its aftermath crystallized many of the domestic issues that later moved Kennedy toward his candidacy for the presidency. Upon his return to Washington, Kennedy immediately began seeking ways to help the children he met on his visit; however, his efforts were frustrated by institutional obstacles and blocked by powerful men who were indifferent and, at times, hostile to the plight of poor black children. Sadly, we know what happened to Kennedy, but this book also introduces us to three of the children he met on his visit, including the baby on the floor, and finishes their stories. Kennedy talked about what he had seen in Mississippi for the remaining fourteen months of his life. His vision for America was shaped by the plight of the hungry children he encountered there.

Global Middle East

Global Middle East
Author: Asef Bayat,Linda Herrera
Publsiher: Global Square
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2021-02-23
ISBN: 0520295331
Category: Globalization
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Middle East Book Excerpt:

"Localities, countries, and regions always develop in complex interaction with others. This volume highlights the global interconnectedness of the Middle East. It delves into the region's scientific, artistic, economic, political, religious, and intellectual formations and traces how they have taken shape through a dynamic set of encounters and exchanges. Written in short and accessible essays by among the most prominent experts on the region, the volume covers topics including God, Rumi, food, film, fashion, music, sports, science, and the flow of people, goods, and ideas. It tackles social and political movements from human rights, Salafism, and cosmopolitanism to radicalism and revolutions"--

An Aqueous Territory

An Aqueous Territory
Author: Ernesto Bassi
Publsiher: Duke University Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2016-12-02
ISBN: 0822373734
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Aqueous Territory Book Excerpt:

In An Aqueous Territory Ernesto Bassi traces the configuration of a geographic space he calls the transimperial Greater Caribbean between 1760 and 1860. Focusing on the Caribbean coast of New Granada (present-day Colombia), Bassi shows that the region's residents did not live their lives bounded by geopolitical borders. Rather, the cross-border activities of sailors, traders, revolutionaries, indigenous peoples, and others reflected their perceptions of the Caribbean as a transimperial space where trade, information, and people circulated, both conforming to and in defiance of imperial regulations. Bassi demonstrates that the islands, continental coasts, and open waters of the transimperial Greater Caribbean constituted a space that was simultaneously Spanish, British, French, Dutch, Danish, Anglo-American, African, and indigenous. Exploring the "lived geographies" of the region's dwellers, Bassi challenges preconceived notions of the existence of discrete imperial spheres and the inevitable emergence of independent nation-states while providing insights into how people envision their own futures and make sense of their place in the world.

A Velvet Empire

A Velvet Empire
Author: David Todd
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2021-01-12
ISBN: 0691171831
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Velvet Empire Book Excerpt:

1. Empire without sovereignty: the political economy of French informal imperialism -- 2. Algeria, informal empire manqué -- 3. Champagne capitalism: the commodification of luxury and the French empire of taste -- 4. Conquest by money: the geopolitics and logistics of investment colonization -- 5. Agents of informal empire: French expatriates and extraterritorial jurisdiction in Egypt.

A Local History of Global Capital

A Local History of Global Capital
Author: Tariq Omar Ali
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2020-03-31
ISBN: 0691202575
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Local History of Global Capital Book Excerpt:

Before the advent of synthetic fibers and cargo containers, jute sacks were the preferred packaging material of global trade, transporting the world's grain, cotton, sugar, tobacco, coffee, wool, guano, and bacon. Jute was the second-most widely consumed fiber in the world, after cotton. While the sack circulated globally, the plant was cultivated almost exclusively by peasant smallholders in a small corner of the world: the Bengal delta. This book examines how jute fibers entangled the delta's peasantry in the rhythms and vicissitudes of global capital. Taking readers from the nineteenth-century high noon of the British Raj to the early years of post-partition Pakistan in the mid-twentieth century, Tariq Omar Ali traces how the global connections wrought by jute transformed every facet of peasant life: practices of work, leisure, domesticity, and sociality; ideas and discourses of justice, ethics, piety, and religiosity; and political commitments and actions. Ali examines how peasant life was structured and restructured with oscillations in global commodity markets, as the nineteenth-century period of peasant consumerism and prosperity gave way to debt and poverty in the twentieth century. A Local History of Global Capital traces how jute bound the Bengal delta's peasantry to turbulent global capital, and how global commodity markets shaped everyday peasant life and determined the difference between prosperity and poverty, survival and starvation.

United States Congressional Serial Set

United States Congressional Serial Set
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1907
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

United States Congressional Serial Set Book Excerpt: