Energy Policy Modeling in the 21st Century

Energy Policy Modeling in the 21st Century
Author: Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2013-10-04
ISBN: 1461486068
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Policy Modeling in the 21st Century Book Excerpt:

The roles and applications of various modeling approaches, aimed at improving the usefulness of energy policy models in public decision making, are covered by this book. The development, validation, and applications of system dynamics and agent-based models in service of energy policy design and assessment in the 21st century is a key focus. A number of modeling approaches and models for energy policy, with a particular focus on low-carbon economic development of regions and states are covered. Chapters on system dynamics methodology, model-based theory, fuzzy system dynamics frame-work, and optimization modeling approach are presented, along with several chapters on future research opportunities for the energy policy modeling community. The use of model-based analysis and scenarios in energy policy design and assessment has seen phenomenal growth during the past several decades. In recent years, renewed concerns about climate change and energy security have posed unique modeling challenges. By utilizing the validation techniques and procedures which are effectively demonstrated in these contributions, researchers and practitioners in energy systems domain can increase the appeal and acceptance of their policy models.

Energy Policy Modeling in the 21st Century

Energy Policy Modeling in the 21st Century
Author: Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2013-10-11
ISBN: 9781461486053
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Policy Modeling in the 21st Century Book Excerpt:

The roles and applications of various modeling approaches, aimed at improving the usefulness of energy policy models in public decision making, are covered by this book. The development, validation, and applications of system dynamics and agent-based models in service of energy policy design and assessment in the 21st century is a key focus. A number of modeling approaches and models for energy policy, with a particular focus on low-carbon economic development of regions and states are covered. Chapters on system dynamics methodology, model-based theory, fuzzy system dynamics frame-work, and optimization modeling approach are presented, along with several chapters on future research opportunities for the energy policy modeling community. The use of model-based analysis and scenarios in energy policy design and assessment has seen phenomenal growth during the past several decades. In recent years, renewed concerns about climate change and energy security have posed unique modeling challenges. By utilizing the validation techniques and procedures which are effectively demonstrated in these contributions, researchers and practitioners in energy systems domain can increase the appeal and acceptance of their policy models.

The Physics of Stocks and Flows of Energy Systems

The Physics of Stocks and Flows of Energy Systems
Author: Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 77
Release: 2015-12-01
ISBN: 3319248294
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Physics of Stocks and Flows of Energy Systems Book Excerpt:

Using a system dynamics approach, this book illustrates the physics of fundamental accumulation processes (stocks and flows) across the demand and supply sectors of energy systems. Examples of system dynamics simulation models are presented where these accumulation processes are driving the behavior of the system. Based on these modeling efforts, two cases (the socio-economic and environmental implications of the energy policy of Pakistan and the dynamics of green power in Ontario, Canada) are analyzed and discussed. By studying the dynamics of the fundamental structures of an energy system, the reader gains an enhanced understanding of the stocks and flows of complex systems as well as their role in energy policy. This book is of use to managers and practitioners, teachers, researchers, and students of design and assessment of policy making for complex, dynamic energy systems.

Curriculum Models for the 21st Century

Curriculum Models for the 21st Century
Author: Maree Gosper,Dirk Ifenthaler
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2013-08-28
ISBN: 1461473667
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Curriculum Models for the 21st Century Book Excerpt:

Changing student profiles and the increasing availability of mainstream and specialized learning technologies are stretching the traditional face-to-face models of teaching and learning in higher education. Institutions, too, are facing far-reaching systemic changes which are placing strains on existing resources and physical infrastructure and calling into question traditional ways of teaching through lectures and tutorials. And, with an ever-increasing scrutiny on teaching and teachers’ accountability for positive educational outcomes, the call for closer attention to learning, teaching and, most especially, to the design and delivery of the curriculum is given increasing relevance and importance. Research provides strong evidence of the potential for technologies to facilitate not only cognition and learning but also to become integral components in the redesign of current curriculum models. Some Universities and individual academics have moved along this pathway, developing new and innovative curriculum, blending pedagogies and technologies to suit their circumstances. Yet, there are others, unsure of the possibilities, the opportunities and constraints in these changing times. Curriculum Models for the 21st Century gives insights into how teaching and learning can be done differently. The focus is on a whole of curriculum approach, looking at theoretical models and examples of practice which capitalize on the potential of technologies to deliver variations and alternatives to the more traditional lecture-based model of University teaching.​

Handbook of Research on Power and Energy System Optimization

Handbook of Research on Power and Energy System Optimization
Author: Kumar, Pawan,Singh, Surjit,Ali, Ikbal,Ustun, Taha Selim
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 746
Release: 2018-03-16
ISBN: 1522539360
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Power and Energy System Optimization Book Excerpt:

In recent years, the development of advanced structures for providing sustainable energy has been a topic at the forefront of public and political conversation. Many are looking for advancements on pre-existing sources and new and viable energy options to maintain a modern lifestyle. The Handbook of Research on Power and Energy System Optimization is a critical scholarly resource that examines the usage of energy in relation to the perceived standard of living within a country and explores the importance of energy structure augmentation. Featuring coverage on a wide range of topics including energy management, micro-grid, and distribution generation, this publication is targeted towards researchers, academicians, and students seeking relevant research on the augmentation of current energy structures to support existing standards of living.

Multi Agent Based Simulation XXI

Multi Agent Based Simulation XXI
Author: Samarth Swarup,Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 107
Release: 2021-01-18
ISBN: 3030668886
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multi Agent Based Simulation XXI Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 20th International Workshop on Multi-Agent-Based Simulation, MABS 2020, held in Auckland, New Zealand, in May 2020 collocated with 19th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems (AAMAS 2020). Due to COVID-19 the workshop has been held online. The 9 revised full papers included in this volume were carefully selected from 11 submissions. The workshop focused on finding efficient solutions to model complex social systems, in such areas as economics, management, organizational and social sciences in general and much more.

The Dynamics of Green Innovation in B2B Industries

The Dynamics of Green Innovation in B2B Industries
Author: Friederike Esther Rhein
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2020-12-15
ISBN: 3658321482
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Dynamics of Green Innovation in B2B Industries Book Excerpt:

In this book a quantitative, dynamic model is developed to explain and explore the diffusion of green new products in a business-to-business (B2B) context. Considering the case of emerging bioplastics, this goal is reached through a mixed-methods design, combining qualitative and quantitative methods over three phases. After an interview study with key-value chain actors an experimental vignette technique is applied to further study relevant factors in the micro (firm) level adoption process. Integrating the empirical findings, the diffusion model is developed and simulated at the macro (industry) level using a System Dynamics (SD) approach. Results explain the underlying dynamics and critical conditions for adoption to become self-sustaining.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis Book Excerpt:

Energy Production and Management in the 21st Century II

Energy Production and Management in the 21st Century II
Author: C.A. Brebbia,F. Polonara,E.R. Magaril,G. Passerini
Publsiher: WIT Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-09-28
ISBN: 1784661074
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Production and Management in the 21st Century II Book Excerpt:

Discussing the future of energy production and management in a changing world, this book presents the proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Energy Production and Management in the 21st Century: The Quest for Sustainable Energy. The intention of the book is to examine the future of energy production and management in a changing world and follows on from the first and very successful meeting held in Ekaterinburg, Russia in 2014. Developed societies require an ever increasing amount of energy resources, which creates complex technological challenges. The challenge in many cases is the conversion of new sources of energy into useful forms such as electricity, heat and fuel while finding efficient ways of storing and distributing energy. Equal challenges lie with the production of such renewable energy at an acceptable cost, including damage to the environment, as well as with integration of those resources into the existing infrastructure. The book deliberates the energy use of industrial processes, including the imbedded energy contents of materials, such as those in the built environment. Energy production, distribution and usage, result in environmental risks which need to be better understood. They are part of the energy economics and relate to human environmental health as well as ecosystems behaviour. A number of topics are covered including: Energy and the city; Energy security; Energy distribution; Energy networks; Processing of oil and gas emissions; Pipelines; Renewable energies; Energy use in building; Industry and transport; Safety management; Tight energy fields; Energy and climate change and Biomass and biofuels.

Setting Foundations for the Creation of Public Value in Smart Cities

Setting Foundations for the Creation of Public Value in Smart Cities
Author: Manuel Pedro Rodriguez Bolivar
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 287
Release: 2019-02-12
ISBN: 3319989537
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Setting Foundations for the Creation of Public Value in Smart Cities Book Excerpt:

This book seeks to contribute to prior research facing the discussion about public value creation in Smart Cities and the role of governments. In the early 21st century, the rapid transition to a highly urbanized population has made societies and their governments around the world to be meeting unprecedented challenges regarding key themes such as sustainability, new governance models and the creation of networks. Also, cities today face increasing challenges when it comes to providing advanced (digital) services to their constituency. The use of information and communication technologies (usually ICTs) and data is thought to rationalize and improve government and have the potential to transform governance and organizational issues. These questions link up to the ever-evolving concept of Smart Cities. In fact, the rise of the Smart City and Smart City thinking is a direct response to such challenges, as well as providing a means of integrating fast evolving technology into our living environment. This focus on the public value creation in Smart Cities could be of interest for academics, researchers, policy-makers, public managers, international organizations and technical experts involved in and responsible for the governance, development and design of Smart Cities

Environmental Fiscal Reform and Unemployment

Environmental Fiscal Reform and Unemployment
Author: Carlo Carraro,D. Siniscalco
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2013-03-14
ISBN: 9401586527
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Fiscal Reform and Unemployment Book Excerpt:

The European Union faces several interlinked challenges: how to protect the environment and favour sustainability; how to reduce unemployment and foster competitiveness in a context of growing globalization; how to reduce regional disparities among and within me mb er countries. The recent policy debate has clarified that the above objectives are not a trade off if jointly tackled. In particular, win-win policy options are available to the European Union by an appropriate integration of regulation, macro policy, social policy, fiscal policy and environmental policy. Evidence shows that optimising on each single policy will not meet the needs of the European Union. On the contrary, an integrated approach will make it possible to reach the various objectives, as stated in the Treaty on European Union, in the 5th Environmental Action Programme, in the White Paper on Growth, Competitiveness and Employment. This integrated approach would im plement a genuine sustainable development policy.

The Nordic Model and Its Influence in the 21st Century

The Nordic Model and Its Influence in the 21st Century
Author: Michael A. Livingston
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2021-12-31
ISBN: 1108497314
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Nordic Model and Its Influence in the 21st Century Book Excerpt:

This book explains why the Nordic Model retains its influence, especially on the Anglo-American left, notwithstanding internal problems.

Energy Policy

Energy Policy
Author: Anthony David Owens
Publsiher: EOLSS Publications
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2009-11-25
ISBN: 1905839332
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Policy Book Excerpt:

Energy Policy is a component of the Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources which is part of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Energy policy addresses the economic, environmental, political, planning, and social aspects of energy supply and utilization that confront decision makers, corporate planners, managers, consultants, politicians, and researchers. Energy is of considerable importance given its strategic relevance as a raw material for industry, particularly energy intensive industries, for the quality of life, and for the creation of jobs. The level of energy prices is a critical factor in production costs and prices, and consequently has an important impact on government policy relating to sustainable economic growth, job creation, and prosperity. The book provides a background on the theory and application of policy as it relates to the energy sector, particularly with respect to market failures and potential policy remedies to the energy/ environment dilemma. This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

An Integrated Framework for Energy Economy Emissions Modeling

An Integrated Framework for Energy Economy Emissions Modeling
Author: Tejal Kanitkar
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 117
Release: 2019-05-27
ISBN: 3030182630
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Integrated Framework for Energy Economy Emissions Modeling Book Excerpt:

This book combines three different energy-economy-emissions modeling methodologies into one Integrated Modeling Framework (IMF) in an attempt to fill gaps in current modeling research as it applies to developing countries. Through the analysis of existing mathematical models, including large macro-economic models and technology-explicit energy models, the work proposes planning methodologies for developing countries that face challenges on their economy and infrastructure due to climate change. The three modeling methodologies discussed in the chapters are a decomposition analysis of trends in emissions intensity of GDP, linear programming techniques to determine optimum energy supply pathways given various resource and emissions constraints, and an input-output analysis to evaluate the impact of energy policies on income and equity. After a brief introduction to the history of the development of energy studies and the linkages between energy, economic, and environmental systems, the book delves into the component methodologies of the IMF and their intended outcomes. The decomposition analysis is intended to gauge the energy intensity of GDP and the structural composition of the economy to provide a basis on which scenarios are constructed in the following two methodologies. The linear programs are meant to develop a methodology to determine energy options under a variety of scenarios that capture the technical and economic characteristics of the power sector of developing countries. Lastly, the input-output analysis aims to build a methodology through which energy policy decisions can be understood and quantified to ensure the best possible impacts on developing economies and societies. Those who will be interested in this book include policy makers, academics, and students and professionals working on energy studies and energy-economy modeling.

A mosaic of Indonesia energy policy

A mosaic of Indonesia energy policy
Author: Hanan Nugroho
Publsiher: PT Penerbit IPB Press
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2011-01-01
ISBN: 6024402953
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A mosaic of Indonesia energy policy Book Excerpt:

Indonesia’s energy problems are multifaceted and challenging. This book describes the situation clearly and at the same time the content represents a ‘mosaic’ of the complicated energy problems the country is facing. Among the topics covered are energy policy issues on the development of natural gas, electricity, oil, coal, geothermal, nuclear power, and renewable energy.

Energy and Environmental Policy Modeling

Energy and Environmental Policy Modeling
Author: John Weyant
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461549531
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy and Environmental Policy Modeling Book Excerpt:

A Simple Model of Electric Power Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Power flow equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Social welfare action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 A Market Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 An efficient trading rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Competitive equilibrium and social optimum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 A Dynamic Trading Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 An Illustrative Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Alternative Implementation Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Endnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Chapter 5: The Berlin Mandate: The Design ofCost-Effictive Mitigation Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 The Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Future Emissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 The Costs of Alternative Commitments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Some Final Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Endnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Chapter 6: Some Implications of Improved CO] Emissions Control Technology in The Context of Global Climate Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 The CET A-R Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Economic system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Climate system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Uncertain losses from temperature rise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Technology Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Implications of Loss Probability and Technology Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Improved Technology and the Value of Infonnation About Damage . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Value of Information about Technology and Benefits of Improved Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Sununary and Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Endnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Chapter 7: Determining an Optimal Afforestation Policy: A Cost-Benefit Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Introduction - Motivation and afforestation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Afforesting and halting deforestation: domestic verses global solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l 01 Research Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l 02 Integrated assessment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Time horizon and discounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Carbon sequestration time path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l 03 vi Interactions with other markets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Structural Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l 04 Traditional timberland module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Afforestation module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Timber market module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l 08 Sequestration calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 bjective function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Regionalization and Model Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Southern submodel data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Pacific submodel data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century
Author: Gary L. Gaile,Cort J. Willmott
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 842
Release: 2004-02-05
ISBN: 0191567191
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century Book Excerpt:

Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century surveys American geographers' current research in their specialty areas and tracks trends and innovations in the many subfields of geography. As such, it is both a 'state of the discipline' assessment and a topical reference. It includes an introduction by the editors and 48 chapters, each on a specific specialty. The authors of each chapter were chosen by their specialty group of the American Association of Geographers (AAG). Based on a process of review and revision, the chapters in this volume have become truly representative of the recent scholarship of American geographers. While it focuses on work since 1990, it additionally includes related prior work and work by non-American geographers. Includes a foreword by the eminent geographer Gilbert White.

Computational Methods and Models for Transport

Computational Methods and Models for Transport
Author: Pedro Diez,Pekka Neittaanmäki,Jacques Periaux,Tero Tuovinen,Olli Bräysy
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2017-06-28
ISBN: 331954490X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Methods and Models for Transport Book Excerpt:

This volume addresses challenges and solutions in transport and mobility of people and goods with respect to environment, safety, security and socio–economics issues, exploring advanced computational research work and the latest innovations in transport. This book brings together lectures presented at the ECCOMAS Thematic CM3 Conference on Transport held in Jyväskylä, Finland, 25-27 May 2015. It is divided into three parts, I: Reviews and Perspective, II: Computational Methods and Models and III: Translational Research. Each of these parts consists of contributions that present solutions to many transport challenges in this complex, rapidly changing subject. The work contains the latest achievements of European research and technological developments needed for the next decade through computational results of scientific and technical experts who have made essential contributions in transport efficiency in Europe. The material presented here is the state of the art in Transport Modeling, Simulation and Optimization in the fields of Aeronautics, Automotive, Logistics, Maritime and Rails. Furthermore, this volume also answers the question how to apply Computational Research in Transport in order to provide innovative solutions to Green Transportation challenges of identified in the ambitious Horizon 2020 program. This book is intended for students, researchers, engineers and practitioners that are computationally involved in the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in the areas of optimal use of road, traffic and travel data, traffic and freight management ITS services, road safety and security, sea traffic management, etc.

Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century The New Dynamic

Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century  The New Dynamic
Author: Ika Darnhofer,David Gibbon,Benoît Dedieu
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 490
Release: 2012-05-30
ISBN: 9400745036
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century The New Dynamic Book Excerpt:

Farming Systems Research has three core characteristics: it builds on systems thinking, it depends on the close collaboration between social and biophysical sciences, and it relies on participation to build co-learning processes. Farming Systems Research posits that to contribute towards sustainable rural development, both interdisciplinary collaborations and local actor engagement are needed. Together, they allow for changes in understanding and changes in practices. This book gives an overview of the insights generated in 20 years of Farming Systems Research. It retraces the emergence and development of Farming Systems Research in Europe, summarises the state-of-the-art for key areas, and provides an outlook on new explorations, especially those tackling the dynamic nature of farming systems and their interaction with the natural environment and the context of action.