Small Satellites And Sustainable Development Solutions In International Space Law

Author by : Kiran Krishnan Nair
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book analyses the ability of existing international law to address common vulnerabilities in connection with the recent emergence of small satellites, and how finding consensus in this context can pave the way to the sustainable development of space. The rise of small satellite constellations has produced a paradigm shift in the use of space capabilities, suddenly making them far more available and affordable. This development has in turn sparked substantial global interest in finding ways to capitalize on the new opportunities and to mitigate the challenges posed by these mega-constellations. This work targets precisely that need, offering a valuable asset for readers from the commercial space industry, investors, lawyers, researchers, academics and policymakers alike.


Space Safety Is No Accident

Author by : Tommaso Sgobba
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
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File Size : 51,6 Mb
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Description : Includes the proceedings from the 7th IAASS Conference, "Space Safety is No Accident," held in Friedrichshafen, Germany, in October 2014. The 7th IAASS Conference, “Space Safety is No Accident” is an invitation to reflect and exchange information on a number of topics in space safety and sustainability of national and international interest. The conference is also a forum to promote mutual understanding, trust and the widest possible international cooperation in such matters. The once exclusive “club” of nations with autonomous sub-orbital and orbital space access capabilities is becoming crowded with fresh and ambitious new entrants. New commercial spaceports are starting operations and others are being built. In the manned spaceflight arena a commercial market is becoming a tangible reality with suborbital spaceflights and government use of commercial services for cargo and crew transportation to orbit. Besides the national ambitions in space, the international cooperation both civil and commercial is also gaining momentum. In the meantime robotic space exploration will accelerate and with it the need to internationally better regulate the usage of nuclear power sources. Space-bound systems and aviation traffic will share more and more a crowded airspace, while aviation will increasingly rely on space-based safety-critical services. Finally, most nations own nowadays space assets, mainly satellites of various kinds and purposes, which are under the constant threat of collision with other spacecraft and with the ever increasing number of space debris. Awareness is increasing internationally (as solemnly declared since decades in space treaties) that space is a mankind asset and that we all have the duty of caring for it. Without proactive and courageous international initiatives to organize space, we risk to negate access and use of space to future generations.


Toward A Theory Of Spacepower

Author by : Charles D. Lutes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Smashbooks
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
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Description : This volume is a product of the efforts of the Institute for National Strategic Studies Spacepower Theory Project Team, which was tasked by the Department of Defense to create a theoretical framework for examining spacepower and its relationship to the achievement of national objectives. The team was charged with considering the space domain in a broad and holistic way, incorporating a wide range of perspectives from U.S. and international space actors engaged in scientific, commercial, intelligence, and military enterprises. This collection of papers commissioned by the team serves as a starting point for continued discourse on ways to extend, modify, refine, and integrate a broad range of viewpoints about human-initiated space activity, its relationship to our globalized society, and its economic, political, and security interactions. It will equip practitioners, scholars, students, and citizens with the historical background and conceptual framework to navigate through and assess the challenges and opportunities of an increasingly complex space environment.


Smaller Satellites Bigger Business

Author by : Michael J Rycroft
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
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Description : Y. Fujimori, Symposium Programme Committee Chair, and Faculty Member, International Space University e-mail: [email protected] M.Rycroft, Faculty Member, International Space University e-mail: [email protected] N. Crosby, International Space University e-mail: [email protected] For the sixth annual ISU Symposium the theme was "Smaller Satellites: Bigger Business? Concepts, Applications and Markets for Micro/Nanosatellites in a New Information World". Thus, the Symposium addressed the crucial question: are small satellites the saviour of space programmes around the world It did this from the unique perspective of the International Space today? University - the interdisciplinary, international and intercultural perspective. This Symposium brought together a variety of people working on small satellites - engineers, scientists, planners, providers, operators, policy makers and business executives, together with representatives from regulatory bodies, from national and international organizations, and from the finance sector, and also entrepreneurs. Discussion and debate were encouraged, based on the papers presented and those published here.


Understanding Space

Author by : Jerry Jon Sellers
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGraw-Hill Primis Custom Pub
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 145
File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Description : This is an introductory text in astronautics. It contains historical background and a discussion of space missions, space environment, orbits, atmospheric entry, spacecraft design, spacecraft subsystems, and space operations. It features section reviews summarizing key concepts, terms, and equations, and is extensively illustrated with many photos, figures, and examples Space law, politics, and economics This is a truly user-friendly, full-color text focused on understanding concepts and practical applications but written in a down-to-earth, engaging manner that painlessly helps you understand complex topics. It is laid out with multi-color highlights for key terms and ideas, reinforced with detailed example problems, and supported by detailed section reviews summarizing key concepts, terms, and equations.


International Study On Cost Effective Earth Observation Missions

Author by : Rainer Sandau
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
Total Download : 521
File Size : 50,5 Mb
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Description : It is within the means of many nations to conduct or participate in cost-effective Earth observation missions. This study provides a definition of cost-effective Earth observation missions and information about background material and organizational support. It discusses cost drivers and provides advice on achieving cost-effective missions and discusses training and education. The conclusions and recommendations range from more general factors, which drive the small satellite mission activities, to visions of future cost-effective Earth observation missions. Complementary to large complex missions, small satellite missions have specific advantages: more frequent missions opportunities and therefore faster return of science and application data, a larger variety of missions and greater diversification of potential users; more rapid expansion of the technical and/or scientific knowledge base; greater involvement of local and small industry. This volume will prove to be a useful source of information to governments, space agencies, academia, and industry.


High Frontier Sum 05

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : DIANE Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
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File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Solar And Space Physics

Author by : National Research Council
Languange : en
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 189
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : From the interior of the Sun, to the upper atmosphere and near-space environment of Earth, and outward to a region far beyond Pluto where the Sun's influence wanes, advances during the past decade in space physics and solar physics--the disciplines NASA refers to as heliophysics--have yielded spectacular insights into the phenomena that affect our home in space. Solar and Space Physics, from the National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee for a Decadal Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, is the second NRC decadal survey in heliophysics. Building on the research accomplishments realized during the past decade, the report presents a program of basic and applied research for the period 2013-2022 that will improve scientific understanding of the mechanisms that drive the Sun's activity and the fundamental physical processes underlying near-Earth plasma dynamics, determine the physical interactions of Earth's atmospheric layers in the context of the connected Sun-Earth system, and enhance greatly the capability to provide realistic and specific forecasts of Earth's space environment that will better serve the needs of society. Although the recommended program is directed primarily at NASA and the National Science Foundation for action, the report also recommends actions by other federal agencies, especially the parts of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration charged with the day-to-day (operational) forecast of space weather. In addition to the recommendations included in this summary, related recommendations are presented in this report.


India In Space Between Utility And Geopolitics

Author by : Marco Aliberti
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 678
File Size : 45,7 Mb
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Description : This book presents the renewing strategic vision and progressive diversification of the Indian space programme at the nexus socio-economic development, commerce and geopolitics. It disentangles India ́s evolving rationales for engaging in space from a wide range of perspectives and provides novel and in-depth assessment of the domestic, regional and international factors influencing the pace and directions of the country’s space programme. The study hence includes an extensive analysis of India’s path forward, including a reflection on the long-term evolution of its civil, military and commercial space efforts, as well as considerations on the toolbox India has at its disposal, on the prospected adaptation of the space ecosystem, and on the implications these evolutions may generate both domestically and internationally. A central part of this final analysis is more specifically devoted to elaborating on the prospects and opportunities for European stakeholders, with the goal of identifying possible domains of closer and mutually beneficial Europe-India space cooperation and sorting out possible elements for a comprehensive European long-term strategy towards India.


Achieving Science With Cubesats

Author by : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Languange : en
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 561
File Size : 44,5 Mb
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Description : Space-based observations have transformed our understanding of Earth, its environment, the solar system and the universe at large. During past decades, driven by increasingly advanced science questions, space observatories have become more sophisticated and more complex, with costs often growing to billions of dollars. Although these kinds of ever-more-sophisticated missions will continue into the future, small satellites, ranging in mass between 500 kg to 0.1 kg, are gaining momentum as an additional means to address targeted science questions in a rapid, and possibly more affordable, manner. Within the category of small satellites, CubeSats have emerged as a space-platform defined in terms of (10 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm)- sized cubic units of approximately 1.3 kg each called "U's." Historically, CubeSats were developed as training projects to expose students to the challenges of real-world engineering practices and system design. Yet, their use has rapidly spread within academia, industry, and government agencies both nationally and internationally. In particular, CubeSats have caught the attention of parts of the U.S. space science community, which sees this platform, despite its inherent constraints, as a way to affordably access space and perform unique measurements of scientific value. The first science results from such CubeSats have only recently become available; however, questions remain regarding the scientific potential and technological promise of CubeSats in the future. Achieving Science with CubeSats reviews the current state of the scientific potential and technological promise of CubeSats. This report focuses on the platform's promise to obtain high- priority science data, as defined in recent decadal surveys in astronomy and astrophysics, Earth science and applications from space, planetary science, and solar and space physics (heliophysics); the science priorities identified in the 2014 NASA Science Plan; and the potential for CubeSats to advance biology and microgravity research. It provides a list of sample science goals for CubeSats, many of which address targeted science, often in coordination with other spacecraft, or use "sacrificial," or high-risk, orbits that lead to the demise of the satellite after critical data have been collected. Other goals relate to the use of CubeSats as constellations or swarms deploying tens to hundreds of CubeSats that function as one distributed array of measurements.


Fundamentals Of Space Law And Policy

Author by : Fabio Tronchetti
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 848
File Size : 45,5 Mb
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Description : Presents and addresses key space law and policy issues for the benefit of wider informed audiences that wish to acquaint themselves with the fundamentals of the space law field. This brief analyzes in a concise manner the combined influence of space law and policy on international space activities. Read in conjunction with the other books in the Springer ‘Space Development’ series, it supports a broader understanding of the business, economics, engineering, legal, and procedural aspects of space activities. This book will also give the casual reader as well as experts in the field insight on present and future space law and policy trends, challenges and opportunities.


Space Insurance International Legal Aspects

Author by : Katarzyna Malinowska
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kluwer Law International B.V.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 911
File Size : 49,9 Mb
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Description : Insurance related to outer space activities has been around since the 1960s, but has become vastly more significant with the increased commercial use of satellites. This book focuses on the legal aspects of space insurance in the contractual context, analysing space risk as well as the insurance terms used on the market. It offers the first in-depth coverage, both practical and theoretical, of space insurance from an international law perspective. Attending throughout to the important and problematic distinction between the space segment (upstream) and ground segment (downstream) in space law, this book deals comprehensively with such issues and topics as the following: - the main hazards relating to space activities; - the impact of new space technologies on the level of risk and insurance; - the differing types of risks attributable to various entities in the context of insurable interest; - aspects of the space risk allocation regimes and risk assessment; - the impact of the five ‘space treaties’ – the Outer Space Treaty, the Liability Convention, the Rescue Agreement, the Registration Convention and the Moon Agreement – on the subject and scope of insurance coverage; - the advent of suborbital flight, commercial human space flight and space tourism in the context of emerging insurance risks; - the problem of space debris; - contractual aspects of space activities affecting the space insurance risks; - basic notions such as ‘outer space’, ‘space object’ in the context of space activities and related insurance coverage; - basic insurance principles and their operation in the space insurance; and - the adjustment of losses and the settlement of disputes in space insurance. The author emphasises the need to understand the various insurance risks facing particular types of commercial space activities, including pre-launch, launch, transportation, spaceflight, satellite communications, satellite navigation, satellite remote sensing and space station operation. Satellites are increasingly a vital part of many daily activities of contemporary society and the Earth’s orbit is becoming ever more crowded, heightening the risks of collision, damage and claims. This thoroughly researched book will therefore be extremely useful to lawyers, policymakers and academics tasked with defining the scope of insurance coverage that accurately mirrors technological, contractual and legal reality. Its practical aspect will be of extraordinary value to insurance lawyers, underwriters and brokers.


Heliophysics

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
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File Size : 40,7 Mb
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The International Handbook On Innovation

Author by : Larisa V Shavinina
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 164
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : The International Handbook on Innovation is the most comprehensive and authoritative account available of what innovation is, how it is measured, how it is developed, how it is managed, and how it affects individuals, companies, societies, and the world as a whole. Leading specialists from around the world, responsible for much of the current research in the field, analyze the multidisciplinary and multifaceted nature of innovation, its types and levels, its criteria, its development, its management, its specificity in various domains and contexts, and societal demands on it. They consider innovation from the viewpoints of psychology, management science, business, technology, sociology, philosophy, economics, history, education, art, and public policy. With contributions from over 90 distinguished authors covering 17 nations, readers will obtain expert insight into the latest research and future developments in the field of innovation. The Handbook will present many facets of innovation including its nature, its development, its measurement, its management, and its social, cultural, and historical context. The breadth of this work will allow the reader to acquire a comprehensive and panoramic picture of the nature of innovation within a single handbook. The reader will develop an accurate sense of what spurs potentially creative and innovative people and companies toward their extraordinary achievements and exceptional performances. The handbook can be used as a reference source for those who would like information about a particular topic, or from cover to cover either as a sourcebook or as a textbook in a course dealing with innovation. Anyone interested in knowing the wide range of issues regarding innovation will want to read this handbook. Contributions from over 90 distinguished authors covering 17 nations International in scope, reflecting global perspectives Essential reading for researchers and practitioners in the fields of psychology, management science, business, technology, sociology, philosophy, economics, history, education art, and public policy


Enhancing Enterprise Competitiveness

Author by : Prashant Gupta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Allied Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
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Description : Papers presented at the Nirma International Conference on Management, held at Ahmedabad during 5-7January 2007.


The Global Environmental Benefits Of Land Degradation Control On Agricultural Land

Author by : Stefano Pagiola
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 317
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : This book focuses on the global effects of land degradation, but emphasizes other important levels of land degradation: at the field level, it may result in reduced productivity; at the national level, it may cause flooding, and sedimentation; and, at the global level, it can contribute to climate changes, damaging bio-diversity, and international waters. The effects on climate changes are explored, and the report questions the extent to which land degradation on agricultural land, affects climate change. Does it increase emissions of greenhouse gases? Does it affect land's capacity to serve as a carbon sink? Can appropriate management enhance both land's productivity, and its capacity to store carbon? The carbon cycle in soils is analyzed, indicating land degradation is likely to reduce the ability of soils to serve as carbon sink, and release stored carbon into the atmosphere, and, bio-diversity effects are likely to be adverse. Global benefits of land degradation control, include afforestation, to allow increased carbon sequestration, and provide adequate bio-diversity habitats; and, community-based wildlife management, can provide alternatives to some marginal areas. Although integrating global dimensions into land degradation control projects, may reverse the field level, or national problems it is causing, difficulties and constraints will likely contribute to the failure of these projects.


16th International Conference On Cyber Warfare And Security

Author by : Dr Juan Lopez Jr
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Conferences Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 539
File Size : 46,5 Mb
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Description : These proceedings represent the work of contributors to the 16th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2021), hosted by joint collaboration of Tennessee Tech Cybersecurity Education, Research and Outreach Center (CEROC), Computer Science department and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee on 25-26 February 2021. The Conference Co-Chairs are Dr. Juan Lopez Jr, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, and Dr. Ambareen Siraj, Tennessee Tech’s Cybersecurity Education, Research and Outreach Center (CEROC), and the Program Chair is Dr. Kalyan Perumalla, from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee.


Landsat And Beyond

Author by : National Research Council
Languange : en
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 963
File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Description : In 1972 NASA launched the Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ETRS), now known as Landsat 1, and on February 11, 2013 launched Landsat 8. Currently the United States has collected 40 continuous years of satellite records of land remote sensing data from satellites similar to these. Even though this data is valuable to improving many different aspects of the country such as agriculture, homeland security, and disaster mitigation; the availability of this data for planning our nation\'s future is at risk. Thus, the Department of the Interior\'s (DOI\'s) U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) requested that the National Research Council\'s (NRC\'s) Committee on Implementation of a Sustained Land Imaging Program review the needs and opportunities necessary for the development of a national space-based operational land imaging capability. The committee was specifically tasked with several objectives including identifying stakeholders and their data needs and providing recommendations to facilitate the transition from NASA\'s research-based series of satellites to a sustained USGS land imaging program. Landsat and Beyond: Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation's Land Imaging Program is the result of the committee\'s investigation. This investigation included meetings with stakeholders such as the DOI, NASA, NOAA, and commercial data providers. The report includes the committee\'s recommendations, information about different aspects of the program, and a section dedicated to future opportunities.


State Of The Wild 2010 2011

Author by : Eva Fearn
Languange : en
Publisher by : Island Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
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File Size : 53,6 Mb
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Description : State of the Wild is a biennial series that brings together international conservation experts and writers to discuss emerging issues in the conservation of wildlife and wild places. Each volume in the series combines evocative writings with a fascinating tour of conservation news highlights and vital statistics from around the world. One-third of each volume focuses on a topic of particular concern to conservationists. This 2010–2011 edition considers how destabilization and war affect wildlife and wild places. Only recently has the international community begun to appreciate the cost of conflict—simmering tension, war, and reconstruction—on the natural world. This special section examines the role that conservation plays in the context of human conflict considering issues such as, Can the work of saving wildlife and wild places help ameliorate tensions? Can conservation deepen political understanding? Can conservation help in post-conflict situations? The book’s twenty essays are intermixed with poetry and beautiful photos that capture our connection to the wild. State of the Wild’s accessible approach educates a wide range of audiences while at the same time presenting leading-edge scientific overviews of hot topics in conservation. Uniquely structured with magazine-like features up front, conservation news in the middle, and essays from eminent authors and experienced scientists throughout, this landmark series is an essential addition to any environmental bookshelf.


Proceedings Of The United Nations International Astronautical Federation Workshop On Expanding The User Community Of Space Technology Applications In Developing Countries

Author by : Nandasiri Jasentuliyana
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
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File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : The publication discusses the establishing and strengthening of national capabilities in space technologies and applications, and provides information on the efforts to expand the user community in developing countries. The presentations in this publication came from such organizations as: the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs; the Indian Space Research Organisation; the Aerospace Corporation of the United States; the Brazilian Space Agency; the International Space University of France; China National Space Administration; Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd of the United Kingdom; and NASDA of Japan.