Epidemiology of Thyroid Disorders

Epidemiology of Thyroid Disorders
Author: Jahangir Moini,Katherine Pereira,Mohtashem Samsam
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2020-01-08
ISBN: 0128182741
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epidemiology of Thyroid Disorders Book Excerpt:

Epidemiology of Thyroid Disorders provides comprehensive, clinical knowledge to professionals dealing with thyroid disorders. The book focuses on the pathophysiology of thyroid disorders, the prevalence and incidence of various diseases, and their prevention. This focused analysis on thyroid disorders raises awareness of this global problem that, once diagnosed or misdiagnosed, can sometimes lead to over-treatment and cardiovascular complications, especially in the elderly. This succinct, targeted reference gives the reader excellent information on the epidemiology of global thyroid disorders, as well as up-to-date treatment data and a special focus on prevention. Serves as a starting point for medical professionals, addressing the patterns, risk factors, prevention, and treatment of thyroid disorders around the world Discusses the prevalence of thyroid disorders around the world, covering disability and cost burden Covers recent trends, technologies and advancements in the management of thyroid diseases

Thyroid Diseases

Thyroid Diseases
Author: Fabrizio Monaco
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 551
Release: 2012-05-29
ISBN: 1439868395
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thyroid Diseases Book Excerpt:

In recent years, the clinical evolution of thyroid diseases has been studied exhaustively as new discoveries have been made about thyroid malfunction and the effective management of patients. Thyroid Diseases presents a comprehensive exposition of a range of disorders caused by thyroid dysfunction. With contributions by well-known experts in the field, the book is the first compendium in several decades to assemble a vast amount of data and research into one volume. Following a methodological format, each chapter explores a different malady or condition. After defining the dysfunction or disease, the text presents the epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical features, first and second level tests for diagnosis, first and second line therapies, prognosis, and recommendations for follow-up. Highlighted topics include: Transient forms of hyper- and hypothyroidism Subclinical hyper- and hypothyroidism Thyroid dysfunction during gestation and postpartum The influence of iodine on the thyroid during pregnancy The importance of drugs that modify thyroid function Thyroid disrupters that affect thyroid homeostasis The bimodal and/or transient development of some thyroid diseases The evolution of diagnosis, priorities of therapies, and lifelong monitoring of patients All of the contributors to this text pursued long periods of training in elite research laboratories. They are active investigators and well known in the international arena. The information presented in this volume is invaluable for practicing clinicians and those training in internal medicine, endocrinology, surgery, and other areas of medicine.

Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations

Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations
Author: Warren R. Heymann
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2010-04-08
ISBN: 1848001878
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations Book Excerpt:

Jacques Barzun, the noted Columbia University historian of ideas and culture, once described the feeling that some people experience when they come upon a new reference book. He wrote: “Hand over to one of us a new Dictionary, “Companion,” or Guide, and our eyes first light up and then turn dreamy: we have seized the volume and are off, arm in arm with the guide i or companion. ...” The book now in your hands made my eyes light up. Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations is that kind of book. Heymann, who has been fascinated by this sometimes controversial subject for decades, has brought not only his own expertise, but that of many experts from the fields of the skin and the thyroid gland. Steven Jay Gould wrote about overlapping and nonoverlapping magisteria—this book demonstrates just how much important overlap there is. But it also covers the basics in such a way that dermatologists can find what they need to know about the thyroid and thyroidologists can find what they need to know about the skin. Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations falls neatly into the tra- tion of medical monographs that become standards. They fulfill the roles of gathering, digesting, and synthesizing current knowledge, and they do so in a way that review articles cannot approach and that the scientific literature is not designed to accomplish.

The Epidemiology and Genetics of Autoimmune Thyroid Disease

The Epidemiology and Genetics of Autoimmune Thyroid Disease
Author: Erin Colleen McCanlies
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 174
Release: 1996
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Epidemiology and Genetics of Autoimmune Thyroid Disease Book Excerpt:

Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid Disorders
Author: Syed Khalid Imam,Shamim Ahmad
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-03-22
ISBN: 3319258710
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thyroid Disorders Book Excerpt:

This book provides comprehensive knowledge about thyroid gland and highlights the recent trends in the management of thyroid dysfunctions. Thyroid disorders are amongst the most prevalent of medical conditions possibly after diabetes. The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in adults in the general population ranges from 1 to 10 percent, and is even higher in selected groups. In the United Kingdom, 1–2% of the adult population is found to have thyroid dysfunction. It is interesting to note that thyroxin is the sixth most commonly dispensed drug in Scotland. Virtually all studies report higher prevalence rates for hypothyroidism in women and with advancing age. Abnormal thyroid functions have important public health consequences. Suppressed TSH levels have been associated with decreased bone density and with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation and premature atrial beat. It has been known for decades that overt hypothyroidism contributes to elevated serum cholesterol levels and cardiovascular risk and recent studies suggest this may also be true with subclinical hypothyroidism​.

Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism

Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism
Author: Johnson Mbabazi Frsph
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 36
Release: 2019-08-23
ISBN: 9781688171800
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism Book Excerpt:

Thyroid hormones are essential for growth, neuronal development, reproduction and regulation of energy metabolism. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are common conditions with potentially devastating health consequences that affect all populations worldwide. Iodine nutrition is a key determinant of thyroid disease risk; however, other factors, such as ageing, smoking status, genetic susceptibility, ethnicity, endocrine disruptors and the advent of novel therapeutics, including immune checkpoint inhibitors, also influence thyroid disease epidemiology. In the developed world, the prevalence of undiagnosed thyroid disease is likely falling owing to widespread thyroid function testing and relatively low thresholds for treatment initiation. However, continued vigilance against iodine deficiency remains essential in developed countries, particularly in Europe. Thyroid disease is a global health problem that can substantially impact well-being, particularly in pregnancy and childhood. In advanced economies, the prevalence of undiagnosed thyroid disease is falling owing to widespread thyroid function testing and relatively low thresholds for treatment initiation. Iodine nutrition remains a key determinant of thyroid function worldwide, and continued vigilance against the resurgence of iodine deficiency in previously sufficient regions remains essential. More studies are needed in developing countries, especially within Africa, to understand the role of ethnicity and iodine nutrition fluxes in current disease trends. Hypothyroidism affects both men and women can have an underactive thyroid, although it's more common in women. Children can also develop an underactive thyroid and some babies are born with it. All babies born in the UK are screened for congenital hypothyroidism using a blood spot test when the baby is about 5 days old. The prevalence of hypothyroidism in developed countries is about 4%-5%, whereas in India, it is reported to be around 10.95%. As per the epidemiology study conducted by (Unnikrishnan et al.,2017) in eight cities of India, the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), a mild thyroid failure, was found to be 8.02%. In this book aims at helping patients on how to manage the symptoms shows in depth for both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism as well as help pregnant women who have the conditions.

Thyroid Disorders and Diseases An Issue of Medical Clinics E Book

Thyroid Disorders and Diseases  An Issue of Medical Clinics   E Book
Author: Kenneth Burman
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2012-04-11
ISBN: 1455744158
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thyroid Disorders and Diseases An Issue of Medical Clinics E Book Book Excerpt:

This issue of Medical Clinics of North America provides the latest essential updates on thyroid disorders and diseases. Topics covered include the following: thyroid synthesis and physiology; hyperthyroidism; hypothyroidism; thyroid nodules; goiter; differentiated thyroid cancer; subacute, silent, and postpartum thyroiditis; thyroid and pregnancy; thyroid and the elderly; medications and thyroid hormones; thyroid and the heart; thyroid and lipids; and Graves’ ophthalmology.

Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer
Author: Georg Riccabona
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 364271210X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thyroid Cancer Book Excerpt:

In a period of controversial attitudes to thyroid cancer, this book aims to correlate recent progress in basic sciences with new clinical management possibilities. It deals with the epidemiology, pathology, pathophysiology, etiology, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up of this disease based on 27 years' experience with some 2000 thyroid cancer cases. The inclusion of ultrasound, CT, NMR imaging and modern surgical techniques for combined treatment modalities is new. Guidelines for further research and improved therapy are set and an extensive review of the literature is provided. This up-to-date survey will offer clinicians, surgeons and researchers a better understanding of thyroid cancer in its entirety.

Werner Ingbar s the Thyroid

Werner   Ingbar s the Thyroid
Author: Sidney C. Werner,Sidney H. Ingbar,Lewis E. Braverman,Robert D. Utiger
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 1202
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9780781750479
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Werner Ingbar s the Thyroid Book Excerpt:

Completely updated for its Ninth Edition, this classic text provides comprehensive coverage of every aspect of thyroid anatomy, development, biochemistry, physiology, pathophysiology, and treatment of all thyroid disorders. This edition has a more international group of contributors and new chapters on mortality in thyroid disease, oncogenes, radioiodine treatments for carcinoma, trophoblastic tumors, and subacute and acute infectious thyroiditis. Chapters address clinical controversies regarding subclinical hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. The section on laboratory assessment of thyroid function has been reorganized for easier look-up of function tests.

The Epidemiology of Thyroid Failure and Its Relationship to Lipid Disorders and Ischaemic Heart Disease

The Epidemiology of Thyroid Failure and Its Relationship to Lipid Disorders and Ischaemic Heart Disease
Author: W. Michael G. Tunbridge
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1976
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Epidemiology of Thyroid Failure and Its Relationship to Lipid Disorders and Ischaemic Heart Disease Book Excerpt:

The Thyroid and Its Diseases

The Thyroid and Its Diseases
Author: Markus Luster,Leonidas H. Duntas,Leonard Wartofsky
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 770
Release: 2019-01-08
ISBN: 331972102X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Thyroid and Its Diseases Book Excerpt:

This book is an up-to-date and comprehensive guide to all the common thyroid disorders that may be seen by internists, endocrinologists, nuclear medicine physicians, and endocrine surgeons. While the fundamentals of thyroid hormone function and regulation in health and disease are well covered, the primary focus is on the clinical approach to thyroid disease, with detailed coverage of both initial diagnosis and management and the role of imaging. Because most endocrine diseases are chronic and lifelong, special emphasis is placed on long-term management and the common pitfalls that may be encountered by the clinician. The editors are internationally acknowledged leaders in the field of thyroid disease and have gathered an outstanding team of authors, all of whom are also highly expert in their respective areas, but who, equally importantly, write in a clear and lucid style. The numerous isotope scan and ultrasonographic images ensure that the book will serve as a valuable reference atlas to which the physician will return again and again.

Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes

Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes
Author: John A.H. Wass,Paul M. Stewart
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 2126
Release: 2011-07-28
ISBN: 0199235295
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive textbook covers adult endocrinology, diabetes mellitus and paediatric endocrinology. It is specifically designed for the endocrinologist and diabetologist in training as well as for general physicians/specialists in other fields.

Thyroid Eye Disease

Thyroid Eye Disease
Author: Jonathan J. Dutton,Barrett Haik
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2002-08-07
ISBN: 0824743873
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thyroid Eye Disease Book Excerpt:

This reference details the anatomy and physiology of the thyroid gland, the environmental and genetic factors associated with Graves' disease, and the immunological mechanisms responsible for related systemic disorders and inflammations of the eye and adjacent tissue structures. Written by more than 60 esteemed international authorities, Thyroid Eye Disease is a useful source for ophthalmologists, endocrinologists, internists, pathologists, immunologists, cosmetic surgeons, biomedical researchers, otolaryngologists, biochemists, and graduate and medical school students in these disciplines.

The Epidemiology and Management of Hypothyroidism in General Practice

The Epidemiology and Management of Hypothyroidism in General Practice
Author: Veronique Anne Gibbons
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2011
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Epidemiology and Management of Hypothyroidism in General Practice Book Excerpt:

Hypothyroidism is a common condition in general practice. Evidence of long-term outcomes and the effectiveness of treatment for subclinical hypothyroidism are lacking. This thesis provides new knowledge to support practice in relation to subclinical hypothyroidism. Methods and Results Several research methodologies were utilised: -- A cross-sectional study in general practice showed that prevalence of hypothyroidism in Hamilton City was 2.5%, with an overall level of thyroid dysfunction at 3.2% -- Examining retrospective laboratory data of thyroid function tests showed that 1 in 6 patients without known thyroid disease are tested within a 12-month period. -- Focus groups of general practitioners found that patients with a raised thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) assay posed a dilemma for general practitioners. -- Retrospective laboratory data and note review of the management of patients with raised TSH found that two percent of patients were managed according to New Zealand Best Practice Advocacy Centre (BPACnz) recommendations. -- Note review and interviews with patients with central hypothyroidism showed that a first-line TSH strategy was not the cause of delayed diagnosis but indicated a reliance on biochemical results over manifest signs and symptoms. -- Survival analysis comparing patients with thyroid dysfunction against cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality found that patients with both subclinical and overt hypothyroidism had an increased risk of cardiovascular events [Hazards ratios 1.22 (1.12-1.33) and 1.58 (1.44-1.73)] and death [1.29 (1.17-1.42) and 1.45 (1.31-1.62)] compared to euthyroid individuals after adjusting for age, gender, ethnicity and social deprivation. The increased cardiovascular event risk was greatest in those under 65 years of age with subclinical hypothyroidism [1.26 (1.07-1.49)] compared with those 65+ years [1.14 (1.03-1.27)]. A systematic review of patients with subclinical hypothyroidism treated with thyroxine found that treatment had a positive effect on lipids, BMI, cardiac function and systolic blood pressure in individuals less than 65 years of age with stable subclinical hypothyroidism. Conclusions Subclinical- and overt hypothyroidism are associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and all-cause mortality with the greatest excess risk in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism who are less than 65 years of age. Treatment with thyroxine should be considered in these patients to reduce cardiovascular risk.

Paediatric Thyroid Disorders New Insights

Paediatric Thyroid Disorders  New Insights
Author: M. Polak,G. Szinnai
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2015-03-24
ISBN: 9783318030303
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paediatric Thyroid Disorders New Insights Book Excerpt:

New data concerning screening, diagnosis and management is important for a constant broadening of our knowledge and expertise. This special topic issue of Hormone Research in Paediatrics focuses on new developments in the field of thyroid disease in the paediatric age group. Topics covered include epidemiology, screening, radiologic approaches, and new molecular data. Reviews of specific diseases associated with thyroid disorders such as Down syndrome, Rett syndrome, and pseudohypoparathyroidism add new insights into clinically relevant questions. Providing a selection of papers on clinical and molecular aspects of congenital hypothyroidism, this special topic issue offers an update on fetal, neonatal, and childhood thyroidology in patients suffering from congenital hypothyroidism, namely thyroid disease associated with genetic syndromes.

Women and Health

Women and Health
Author: Marlene B. Goldman,Rebecca Troisi,Kathryn M. Rexrode
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1632
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN: 0123849799
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Women and Health Book Excerpt:

Women and Health is a comprehensive reference that addresses health issues affecting women of all ages — from adolescence through maturity. It goes far beyond other books on this topic, which concentrate only on reproductive health, and has a truly international perspective. It covers key issues ranging from osteoporosis to breast cancer and other cancers, domestic violence, sexually transmitted diseases, occupational hazards, eating disorders, heart disease and other chronic illnesses, substance abuse, and societal and behavioral influences on health. In this second edition of Women and Health, chapters thoughtfully explore the current state of women’s health and health care, including the influences of sex and gender on the occurrence of a wide variety of diseases and conditions. All chapters have been extensively updated and emphasize the epidemiology of the condition — the etiology, occurrence, primary and secondary prevention (screening), risk factors, surveillance, changing trends over time, and critical analysis of the diagnostic and treatment options and controversies. Treatment sections in each chapter have been expanded to create a stronger dialogue between epidemiologists and women's health practitioners. Saves researchers and clinicians time in quickly accessing the very latest details on a broad range of women’s health issues, as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles Provides a common language for epidemiologists, public health practitioners, and women’s health specialists to discuss the behavioral, cultural, and biological determinants of women’s health Researchers and medical specialists will learn how the gender-specific risks and features of one organ system’s diseases affect the health of other organ systems For example: Hormone replacement therapy used to treat imbalance within the endocrine system is also being used to prevent and treat cardiovascular disease; Drugs developed for type 2 diabetes are now being used in chemoprevention Orients the non-gerontologist about the importance of considering the entire life cycle of women within research designs and treatment plans Professors teaching courses in women’s health will use slides and additional materials to structure lectures/courses; students will use slides as a unique resource to study for exams

Epidemiology of Chronic Disease Global Perspectives

Epidemiology of Chronic Disease  Global Perspectives
Author: Randall E. Harris
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2019-04-15
ISBN: 1284151018
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epidemiology of Chronic Disease Global Perspectives Book Excerpt:

Epidemiology of Chronic Disease: Global Perspectives is the most current and authoritative resource on the epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, risk factors and preventive factors of over 50 major chronic diseases and conditions. This comprehensive text provides readers with an excellent basis for examining current hypotheses regarding chronic disease epidemiology.

Immunologically Mediated Endocrine Diseases

Immunologically Mediated Endocrine Diseases
Author: Ronald G. Gill,Joan T. Harmon,Noel K. Maclaren
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 685
Release: 2002
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunologically Mediated Endocrine Diseases Book Excerpt:

Basic immunological principles and methods as they relate to cellular and subcellular processes of the endocrine system are important in understanding the underlying causes of endocrine disorders. Part of the Modern Endocrinology Series, this text covers a wide array of topics including pancreas development, immunogenetics, hypoparathyroidism, Graves' disease and vitiligo. The book is an integrated resource with a bench-to-bedside breadth that is useful to both basic scientists and healthcare professionals interested in endocrine autoimmune diseases.

Epidemiology of Thyroid Hormone Abnormalities in Extremely Premature Infants

Epidemiology of Thyroid Hormone Abnormalities in Extremely Premature Infants
Author: Ting Hong
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Epidemiology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epidemiology of Thyroid Hormone Abnormalities in Extremely Premature Infants Book Excerpt:

Encyclopedia of Endocrine Diseases

Encyclopedia of Endocrine Diseases
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 4252
Release: 2018-09-12
ISBN: 0128122005
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Endocrine Diseases Book Excerpt:

Encyclopedia of Endocrine Diseases, Second Edition, comprehensively reviews the extensive spectrum of diseases and disorders that can occur within the endocrine system. It serves as a useful and comprehensive source of information spanning the many and varied aspects of the endocrine end metabolic system. Students will find a concise description of the physiology and pathophysiology of endocrine and metabolic functions, as well as their diseases. Each article provides a comprehensive overview of the selected topic to inform a broad spectrum of readers, from advanced undergraduate students, to research professionals. Chapters explore the latest advances and hot topics that have emerged in recent years, such as the molecular basis of endocrine and metabolic diseases (mutations, epigenetics, signaling), the pathogenesis and therapy of common endocrine diseases (e.g. diabetes and endocrine malignancies), new technologies in endocrine research, new methods of treatment, and endocrine toxicology/disruptors. Covers all aspects of endocrinology and metabolism Incorporates perspectives from experts working within the domains of biomedicine (e.g. physiology, pharmacology and toxicology, immunology, genetics) and clinical sciences to provide readers with reputable, multi-disciplinary content from domain experts Provides a ‘one-stop’ resource for access to information as written by world-leading scholars in the field, with easy cross-referencing of related articles to promote understanding and further research