Epigenetics in Precision Medicine

Epigenetics in Precision Medicine
Author: Jose Luis Garcia-Gimenez
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2021-11-22
ISBN: 0323858058
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Precision Medicine Book Excerpt:

In recent years, knowledge of epigenetic mechanisms underlying disease onset and progression has proven crucial for the development of novel early diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers for patient stratification and precision medicine. Epigenetics in Precision Medicine, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, provides a thorough discussion and overview of current developments in clinical epigenetics with special emphasis on epigenetic biomarkers that can be used for clinical diagnosis, prognosis, patient stratification, and treatment monitoring. Disease types discussed include cancer, metabolic disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, bone disease, and immune-related disorders. The book examines the challenges of advancing epigenetics research and translating findings to the clinic and drug discovery in each of these areas, as well as current solutions; chapter authors discuss how to leverage epigenomic technologies, applications, and tools, such as next-generation sequencing, to discover new epigenetic biomarkers in disease and drug studies. Epigenetics in Precision Medicine focuses on complex epigenetic mechanisms in several pathologies, and explores how epigenetics can power the advance of precision medicine, not only by improving in vitro diagnostic and prognostic tools, but by providing new therapeutic approaches to treat human disease. Provides a thorough grounding in epigenetics-driven precision medicine, with emphasis on developing and implementing early diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers, and supporting patient stratification Empowers researchers and clinicians to incorporate epigenetics in new disease research, drug discovery, and clinical practice Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field

Medical Epigenetics

Medical Epigenetics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 976
Release: 2021-09-08
ISBN: 012823928X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Epigenetics Book Excerpt:

Medical Epigenetics, Second Edition provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetics in health management, across a broad spectrum of disease categories and specialties, and with a focus on human systems, epigenetic diseases that affect these systems, and evolving modes of epigenetic-based treatment. Here, more than 40 leading researchers examine how each human system is affected by epigenetic maladies, offering an all-in-one resource on medical epigenetics not only for those directly involved with health care, but investigators in life sciences, biotech companies, graduate students, and others who are interested in applied aspects of epigenetics. Incorporating both diagnostic and prognostic epigenetic approaches, this volume also fully supports the application of epigenetics in precision medicine. This second edition of Medical Epigenetics, a volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, has been fully revised to address recent advances in disease epigenetics and role of epigenetics in precision medicine, with all-new chapters on skin cancer epigenetics, network analysis in medical epigenetics, machine learning in epigenetic diseases, and clinical trials of epigenetics drugs. Features chapters from leading researchers and clinicians dedicated to the burgeoning role of epigenetics in medical practice Covers emerging topics, including twin epigenetics, as well as epigenetics of gastrointestinal disease, muscle disorders, endocrine disorders, ocular medicine, pediatric diseases, sports medicine, noncoding RNA therapeutics, pain management and regenerative medicine Organized from system disorders to multi-system disorders that involve epigenetic aberrations Examines the role of epigenetics in precision medicine

Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine

Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine
Author: Ramona G. Dumitrescu,Mukesh Verma
Publsiher: Humana Press
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2018-10-12
ISBN: 9781493987504
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine Book Excerpt:

This volume discusses certain epigenetic changes recognized in early carcinogenic lesions and different tumors, as well as factors that alter the epigenome and epigenetic profile such as diet, alcohol, immunity, circadian rhythm, and more. The chapters in this book further delve into this field and cover topics such as epigenome-based precision medicine in lung cancer; interplay between genetic and epigenetic changes in breast cancer subtypes; genetic regulation of PDCD1 gene in cancer immunology; and pyrosequencing methylation analysis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and authoritative, Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource to help researchers and scientists identify these specific biomarkers and work towards the prevention, diagnosis, and prognosis of different cancers in the future.

Epigenetics and Precision Medicine

Epigenetics and Precision Medicine
Author: Jingde Zhu
Publsiher: Naturalogic Publishing Incorporated
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2022-09-15
ISBN: 9781487808563
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics and Precision Medicine Book Excerpt:

This book brings together dozens of top experts in the field of epigenetics in China and abroad, including two academics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, seven winners of The National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, numerous outstanding young researchers, and experts in the Thousand Talents Plan, among others. It comprehensively and systematically expands on the latest research findings in epigenetics and precision medicine. The authors of this book combined their research findings and experience to explain concepts, mechanisms, and new technologies in epigenetic regulation and their immense prospects in the precise diagnosis and treatment of major diseases. The book also covers the fundamentals and translational research like DNA methylation, histone modification, higher-order chromatin structure, non-coding RNA, RNA modification, stem cell biology, and the epigenetics of traditional Chinese medicine. This book can serve as an important reference text for scientists and clinicians involved in basic and clinical research in epigenetics and those who are working to overcome major diseases.

Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine

Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine
Author: Ramona G. Dumitrescu,Mukesh Verma
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2018
ISBN: 9781493987511
Category: Cancer
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine Book Excerpt:

This volume discusses certain epigenetic changes recognized in early carcinogenic lesions and different tumors, as well as factors that alter the epigenome and epigenetic profile such as diet, alcohol, immunity, circadian rhythm, and more. The chapters in this book further delve into this field and cover topics such as epigenome-based precision medicine in lung cancer; interplay between genetic and epigenetic changes in breast cancer subtypes; genetic regulation of PDCD1 gene in cancer immunology; and pyrosequencing methylation analysis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and authoritative, Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource to help researchers and scientists identify these specific biomarkers and work towards the prevention, diagnosis, and prognosis of different cancers in the future.

Epigenetics in Allergy and Autoimmunity

Epigenetics in Allergy and Autoimmunity
Author: Christopher Chang,Qianjin Lu
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 403
Release: 2020-05-22
ISBN: 9811534497
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Allergy and Autoimmunity Book Excerpt:

This book will address the growing roles of epigenetics in disease pathogenesis, and review the contribution of epigenetic modifications to disease onset and progression. The roles that epigenetics plays in facilitating effects of the environment on allergy and immunologic diseases will be reviewed. The book is divided into three parts – the first is an introduction to epigenetics and the methods that have been developed to study epigenetics, the second addresses epigenetics in allergic diseases and the third part will cover epigenetics in autoimmune diseases. With the rapid expansion of knowledge of how genes are regulated and how this regulation affects disease phenotypes, this book will be attractive to experienced researchers as well as those just launching an epigenetics research program. It will also be of interest to allergist, immunologists, rheumatologists and dermatologist who are engaged in clinical practice as a resource for understanding the basis for personalized and precision medicine. For example, the role that epigenetics plays in the pathogenesis in various allergic and autoimmune disorders and how this determines disease phenotypes will be covered extensively in this book. This book will thus help fill the gap in available resources on epigenetics in allergy and autoimmune diseases.

Pharmacoepigenetics

Pharmacoepigenetics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 983
Release: 2019-06-04
ISBN: 0128139404
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pharmacoepigenetics Book Excerpt:

Pharmacoepigenetics, Volume Eleven provides a comprehensive volume on the role of epigenetics and epigenomics in drug discovery and development, providing a detailed, but accessible, view of the field, from basic principles, to applications in disease therapeutics. Leading international researchers from across academia, clinical settings and the pharmaceutical industry discuss the influence of epigenetics and epigenomics in human pathology, epigenetic biomarkers for disease prediction, diagnosis, and treatment, current epigenetic drugs, and the application of epigenetic procedures in drug development. Throughout the book, chapter authors offer a balanced and objective discussion of the future of pharmacoepigenetics and its crucial contribution to the growth of precision and personalized medicine. Fully examines the influence of epigenetics and epigenomics in human pathology, epigenetic biomarkers for disease prediction, diagnosis, treatment, current epigenetic drugs and the application of epigenetic procedures in drug development Features chapter contributions from leading international researchers in academia, clinical settings and the pharmaceutical industry Instructs researchers, students and clinicians on how to better interpret and employ pharmacoepigenetics in drug development, efficiency and safety Provides a balanced and objective discussion of the future of pharmacoepigenetics and its crucial role in precision medicine

Epigenetic Biomarker and Personalized Precision Medicine

Epigenetic Biomarker and Personalized Precision Medicine
Author: Jiucun Wang,Dongyi He,Momiao Xiong,Yun Liu
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-12-21
ISBN: 2889661849
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetic Biomarker and Personalized Precision Medicine Book Excerpt:

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine
Author: Mukesh Verma,Debmalya Barh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2016-12-22
ISBN: 0128095024
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine Book Excerpt:

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine presents an insightful overview to the myriad factors of personalized and precision medicine. The availability of the human genome, large amounts of data on individual genetic variations, environmental interactions, influence of lifestyle, and cutting-edge tools and technologies for big-data analysis have led to the age of personalized and precision medicine. Bringing together a global range of experts on precision medicine, this book collects previously scattered information into one concise volume which covers the most important developments so far in precision medicine and also suggests the most likely avenues for future development. The book includes clinical information, informatics, public policy implications, and information on case studies. It is a useful reference and background work for students, researchers, and clinicians working in the biomedical and medical fields, as well as policymakers in the health sciences. Provides an overview of the growing field of precision medicine Contains chapters from geographically diverse experts in their field Explores important aspects of precision medicine, including applications, ethics, and development

Clinical Precision Medicine

Clinical Precision Medicine
Author: Judy S. Crabtree
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 112
Release: 2019-11-15
ISBN: 0128204028
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clinical Precision Medicine Book Excerpt:

Clinical Precision Medicine: A Primer offers clinicians, researchers and students a practical, up-to-date resource on precision medicine, its evolving technologies, and pathways towards clinical implementation. Early chapters address the fundamentals of molecular biology and gene regulation as they relate to precision medicine, as well as the foundations of heredity and epigenetics. Oncology, an early adopter of precision approaches, is considered with its relationship to genetic variation in drug metabolism, along with tumor immunology and the impact of DNA variation in clinical care. Contributions by Stephanie Kramer, a Clinical Genetic Counselor, also provide current information on prenatal diagnostics and adult genetics that highlight the critical role of genetic counselors in the era of precision medicine. Includes applied discussions of chromosomes and chromosomal abnormalities, molecular genetics, epigenetic regulation, heredity, clinical genetics, pharmacogenomics and immunogenomics Features chapter contributions from leaders in the field Consolidates fundamental concepts and current practices of precision medicine in one convenient resource

Prognostic Epigenetics

Prognostic Epigenetics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2019-11-01
ISBN: 012814260X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prognostic Epigenetics Book Excerpt:

This volume provides comprehensive information on how mapping an individual’s epigenome can be medically relevant and holds the potential to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics at an early-stage (prior to disease onset). In order to advance clinical adoption of the recently developed epigenetic approaches, it is necessary for translational scientists, clinicians, and students to gain a better understanding about epigenetic mechanisms that are associated with a particular disorder; and to be able to effectively identify biomarkers that can be applied in drug development and for better diagnosis and prognosis of diseases. Prognostic Epigenetics is the most-inclusive volume to-date specifically dedicated to epigenetic markers that have been developed for prognosis of diseases, recent advances in this field, the clinical implementation of this research, and the future outlook. Compiles all known information on prognostic epigenetics and its role in preventive medicine and drug discovery Covers the basic functionality of epigenetic mechanisms involved in early disease prognosis and diagnosis, and provides tools for the identification and development of these biomarkers for a wide range of diseases Enables clinicians, researchers, and pharmacologists to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics throughout a person’s lifetime Features chapter contributions from leading international researchers

Handbook of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine

Handbook of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine
Author: Claudio Carini,Mark Fidock,Alain van Gool
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 631
Release: 2019-04-16
ISBN: 0429576730
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine Book Excerpt:

"The field of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine in drug development is rapidly evolving and this book presents a snapshot of exciting new approaches. By presenting a wide range of biomarker applications, discussed by knowledgeable and experienced scientists, readers will develop an appreciation of the scope and breadth of biomarker knowledge and find examples that will help them in their own work." -Maria Freire, Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Handbook of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine provides comprehensive insights into biomarker discovery and development which has driven the new era of Precision Medicine. A wide variety of renowned experts from government, academia, teaching hospitals, biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies share best practices, examples and exciting new developments. The handbook aims to provide in-depth knowledge to research scientists, students and decision makers engaged in Biomarker and Precision Medicine-centric drug development. Features: Detailed insights into biomarker discovery, validation and diagnostic development with implementation strategies Lessons-learned from successful Precision Medicine case studies A variety of exciting and emerging biomarker technologies The next frontiers and future challenges of biomarkers in Precision Medicine Claudio Carini, Mark Fidock and Alain van Gool are internationally recognized as scientific leaders in Biomarkers and Precision Medicine. They have worked for decades in academia and pharmaceutical industry in EU, USA and Asia. Currently, Dr. Carini is Honorary Faculty at Kings’s College School of Medicine, London, UK. Dr. Fidock is Vice President of Precision Medicine Laboratories at AstraZeneca, Cambridge, UK. Prof.dr. van Gool is Head Translational Metabolic Laboratory at Radboud university medical school, Nijmegen, NL.

Personhood in the Age of Biolegality

Personhood in the Age of Biolegality
Author: Marc de Leeuw,Sonja van Wichelen
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 261
Release: 2019-11-18
ISBN: 3030278484
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Personhood in the Age of Biolegality Book Excerpt:

This volume showcases emerging interdisciplinary scholarship that captures the complex ways in which biological knowledge is testing the nature and structure of legal personhood. Key questions include: What do the new biosciences do to our social, cultural, and legal conceptions of personhood? How does our legal apparatus incorporate new legitimations from the emerging biosciences into its knowledge system? And what kind of ethical, socio-political, and scientific consequences are attached to the establishment of such new legalities? The book examines these problems by looking at materialities, the posthuman, and the relational in the (un)making of legalities. Themes and topics include postgenomic research, gene editing, neuroscience, epigenetics, precision medicine, regenerative medicine, reproductive technologies, border technologies, and theoretical debates in legal theory on the relationship between persons, property, and rights.

Clinical and Statistical Considerations in Personalized Medicine

Clinical and Statistical Considerations in Personalized Medicine
Author: Claudio Carini,Sandeep M Menon,Mark Chang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2014-03-27
ISBN: 1466593873
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clinical and Statistical Considerations in Personalized Medicine Book Excerpt:

The Future of Clinical Research and Health Care: From Empirical to Precision Medicine Clinical and Statistical Considerations in Personalized Medicine explores recent advances related to biomarkers and their translation into clinical development. Leading clinicians, biostatisticians, regulators, commercial professionals, and researchers address the opportunities and challenges in successfully applying biomarkers in drug discovery and preclinical and clinical development. Robust Biomarkers for Drug Development and Disease Treatment The first four chapters discuss biomarker development from a clinical perspective. Coverage ranges from an introduction to biomarkers to advances in RNAi screens, epigenetics, and rare diseases as targets for personalized medicine approaches. Subsequent chapters examine the statistical considerations in applying a personalized medicine approach, including multiplicity in pharmacogenomics. The last chapter assesses the regulatory issues involved in using biomarkers. Improve Patient Care and Reduce Costs and Side Effects Despite the vast amount of literature on biomarkers, there is no comprehensive book that integrates the clinical and statistical components. This book is one of the first to incorporate both the clinical and statistical aspects of biomarkers in the personalized medicine paradigm. Covering a wide spectrum of personalized medicine-related topics, it presents state-of-the-art techniques for advancing the application of biomarkers in drug discovery and development.

Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders

Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders
Author: Nagy Youssef
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2022-02-25
ISBN: 0128230622
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders Book Excerpt:

Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders, Volume 31 in the Translational Epigenetics series, examines the epigenetic mechanisms involved in modifying DNA or gene expression following prolonged stress and/or trauma. Sections introduce both genetic and psychiatric foundations, including modes of epigenetic modification and gene expression that result from stress, as well as the medical knowledge required to understand stress related disorders and resilience. From here, chapters discuss epigenetic research techniques applied in recent studies, including epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) of PTSD and resilience, the possible effects of prolonged stress on telomere shortening, and the long-term physical effects of PSTD. The book concludes by examining the possible effects of transgenerational stress-induced epigenetic alterations on the resilience of future offspring, the potential for epigenetic therapeutics, and public health implications. Examines the epigenetics of stress, trauma and related stress disorders Includes methods (e.g. EWAS), protocols and directions for further studies Connects new research to clinical practice and highlights implications for patient care, drug discovery and public health

Precision Medicine in Cancers and Non Communicable Diseases

Precision Medicine in Cancers and Non Communicable Diseases
Author: Debmalya Barh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN: 1498775624
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Precision Medicine in Cancers and Non Communicable Diseases Book Excerpt:

The availability of human genome, large amount of data on individual genetic variations, environmental interactions, influence of lifestyle, and cutting-edge tools and technologies for big-data analysis have led to the era of clinical practice of "Precision Medicine". This book aims to provide a readily available resource on all the important developments achieved so far in the field of oncology. All recent developments have been explained along with epidemiology, technologies and approaches to manage the included diseases. Therefore, readers will get the up to date information on the next-generation approach in tackling all kinds of cancer. Key Features • Presents the latest trend of cancer management based on precision/predictive medicine approach • Reviews the latest and up to date literature in the field of Precision Medicine • Highlights the next generation approach in tackling malignant diseases • Discusses how a life-threatening disease like cancer can be managed with the help of Precision Medicine • Encapsulates a global prospective

Integrative Preventive Medicine

Integrative Preventive Medicine
Author: Richard H. Carmona,Mark Liponis
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2017-11-14
ISBN: 0190241268
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrative Preventive Medicine Book Excerpt:

As the preventable disease and economic burden continues to mount for the United States and the world, it is becoming apparent that embracing prevention strategies is essential. Simply continuing on the same course and infrastructure will not suffice. The future we will leave our children is unsustainable without change. Amidst all the partisan political chaos, Integrative Preventive Medicine (IPM) practices are strongly entering the public consciousness since many are dissatisfied with their traditional health (sick) care delivery systems and the scientific validity of IPM is increasing rapidly. This IPM textbook, the first of its kind, authored by nationally recognized thought leaders and edited by the 17th Surgeon General of the United States and the Canyon Ranch Medical Director will serve to bring together the science of IPM so that health practitioners have a ready reference containing practices that can prevent disease, decrease cost of care and improve the quality of life. Our IPM textbook is divided into three sections, Public Health and Evolving Science in IPM, Multidisciplinary Nature of IPM and The IPM Approach of Selected Clinical Problems, providing a continuum of IPM from basic science to clinical science to practical application. This depth and breadth of scientific information and comprehensive approach is a first for a single textbook in IPM. A must read for all health providers and students in order to incorporate these essential concepts into practice.

Textbook of Personalized Medicine

Textbook of Personalized Medicine
Author: Kewal K. Jain
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2020-12-05
ISBN: 3030620808
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textbook of Personalized Medicine Book Excerpt:

This book is for personalized medicine as a prescription of specific treatments and therapeutics best suited for an individual and considers genetic as well as environmental factors that influence responses to therapy. Best approaches are described for integration of all available technologies for optimizing the therapy of individual patients. This comprehensive third edition covers the latest advances in personalized medicine and several chapters are devoted to various specialties, particulary cancer which is the largest area of application. The book discusses the development of personalized medicine and various players in it such as companies, academic institutions, the government, and the public as the consumer of healthcare. Additionally, the roles of bioinformatics, electronic health records, and digital technologies for personalized medicine are discussed. Textbook of Personalized Medicine, 3rd Edition serves as a convenient source of information for students at many levels and in a wide range of fields, including physicians, scientists, and decision makers in the biopharmaceutical and healthcare industries.

Implementing Precision Medicine in Best Practices of Chronic Airway Diseases

Implementing Precision Medicine in Best Practices of Chronic Airway Diseases
Author: Ioana Agache,Peter Hellings
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2018-09-19
ISBN: 0128134720
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Implementing Precision Medicine in Best Practices of Chronic Airway Diseases Book Excerpt:

Implementing Precision Medicine in Best Practices of Chronic Airway Diseases provides a comprehensive overview of the application of precision medicine in airway diseases with a goal of promoting optimal control of disease, higher patient satisfaction and disease prevention. As medical research continues to fund this area, the book highlights the need for implementation of the principles of precision medicine into the bedside management of chronic airway diseases. It is clear that chronic airway diseases are heterogeneous and that a personalized approach is warranted whereby treatment is tailored to the level of the individual patient. Written for basic researchers, medical doctors and other healthcare practitioners this book provides guidance on the implementation of the principles of precision medicine into further research and daily clinical practice. Bridges the gap between precision medicine research and the implementation of the principles into daily clinical practice Includes contributions from key opinion leaders in the field of airway disease giving a worldwide perspective Discusses precision medicine in terms of personalized and stratified medicine, biomarkers, prediction of success, participation of the patient and prevention of disease

Toward Precision Assessment and Psychotherapy Understanding Individual Differences Through Neurobiology Genetics and Epigenetics

Toward Precision Assessment and Psychotherapy  Understanding Individual Differences Through Neurobiology  Genetics  and Epigenetics
Author: Thomas G. Arizmendi, Ph.d.
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-02-12
ISBN: 9781536165364
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toward Precision Assessment and Psychotherapy Understanding Individual Differences Through Neurobiology Genetics and Epigenetics Book Excerpt:

This book provides a transformative approach to the understanding of mental health in the 21st century. It does so by encouraging the replacement of traditional subjective techniques with more precise and objective measures that are designed to discover individual differences in our patients. Just as in personalised medicine, where diagnostic and treatment techniques are becoming more targeted toward the specific conditions of a particular patient, so to in the mental health field we need to develop targeted and focused methods through the use of clinical science concepts and through the adoption of an agnostic, unassuming posture where the presentation of each patient is viewed as unique. For example, treatments may draw from an integrative approach that incorporates genomic and epigenomic analyses of the patient to inform a more targeted medication regimen or psychotherapy approach (some psychiatrists are beginning to use genomic analysis to aid in the choice of a specific antidepressant, for example, that would most likely be effective for a certain patient). Diagnostically, paper and pencil questionnaires leading to current diagnostic labels, long the standard, must be replaced, for the most part, by objective measures of stress that prioritise "reports from the body". Additionally, research methods of extremely complex psychological disorders can be enhanced by breaking them down into smaller subtypes (or endophenotypes) versus large phenomenologically-based symptom clusters (ie: DSM diagnoses). Individual differences, a consistent focus throughout the book, may be the product of genetic variants and/or epigenetic mechanisms. The latter mediate gene X environment interaction that is now the primary paradigmatic lens through which we investigate and seek to explain resultant behavioural profiles. A major focus of the book is on the effects of early adversity, particularly trauma, and how they contribute to a "re-programming" of the brain through epigenetic alterations of gene expression. This results in increased vulnerability to possible psychological disorders, such as various anxiety conditions, depression, and character disorders which may manifest later in life. By identifying the epigenetic effects caused by early stressors, that is, how gene expression is altered, we can eventually make significant advances in primary prevention. This book represents an attempt to move us into a transitional domain and beyond, where causes and the treatment of psychological disorders are re-conceptualized through our developing insights from neurobiology, genetics, and epigenetics.