Scientific Essentialism

Scientific Essentialism
Author: Brian Ellis
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 309
Release: 2001-04-09
ISBN: 9780521800945
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific Essentialism Book Excerpt:

Examines the laws of nature.

Essentialism

Essentialism
Author: Garth L. Hallett
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 237
Release: 1991-01-01
ISBN: 9780791407738
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentialism Book Excerpt:

After tracing the recent decline in explicitly essentialistic theories, Hallett (Dean of the College of Philosophy and letters, St. Louis U.) critically surveys the essentialism still strongly operative in much philosophical reasoning, then undertakes a fuller inquiry into the sources of essentialism than has previously been attempted. Paper edition (unseen), $16.95. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Against Essentialism

Against Essentialism
Author: Stephan Fuchs
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2009-07
ISBN: 9780674037410
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Against Essentialism Book Excerpt:

Against Essentialism presents a sociological theory of culture. This interdisciplinary and foundational work deals with basic issues common to current debates in social theory, including society, culture, meaning, truth, and communication. Stephan Fuchs argues that many mysteries about these concepts lose their mysteriousness when dynamic variations are introduced. Fuchs proposes a theory of culture and society that merges two core traditions--American network theory and European (Luhmannian) systems theory. His book distinguishes four major types of social observers--encounters, groups, organizations, and networks. Society takes place in these four modes of association. Each generates levels of observation linked with each other into a culture--the unity of these observations. Against Essentialism presents a groundbreaking new approach to the construction of society, culture, and personhood. The book invites both social scientists and philosophers to see what happens when essentialism is abandoned.

Essentialism

Essentialism
Author: Greg McKeown
Publsiher: Random House
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2014-04-17
ISBN: 0753550288
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentialism Book Excerpt:

Have you ever found yourself struggling with information overload? Have you ever felt both overworked and underutilised? Do you ever feel busy but not productive? If you answered yes to any of these, the way out is to become an Essentialist. In Essentialism, Greg McKeown, CEO of a Leadership and Strategy agency in Silicon Valley who has run courses at Apple, Google and Facebook, shows you how to achieve what he calls the disciplined pursuit of less. Being an Essentialist is about a disciplined way of thinking. It means challenging the core assumption of ‘We can have it all’ and ‘I have to do everything’ and replacing it with the pursuit of ‘the right thing, in the right way, at the right time'. By applying a more selective criteria for what is essential, the pursuit of less allows us to regain control of our own choices so we can channel our time, energy and effort into making the highest possible contribution toward the goals and activities that matter. Using the experience and insight of working with the leaders of the most innovative companies and organisations in the world, McKeown shows you how to put Essentialism into practice in your own life, so you too can achieve something great.

Essentialism

Essentialism
Author: Instaread
Publsiher: Instaread Summaries
Total Pages: 40
Release: 2015-10-08
ISBN: 1944195149
Category: Self-Help
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentialism Book Excerpt:

Essentialism by Greg McKeown | Key Takeaways, Analysis & Review Preview: Essentialism: The Disciplined Pursuit of Less is a self-help book by Greg McKeown. The book outlines a minimalist approach to tasks and obligations by focusing on truly important goals and learning to turn down opportunities that do not directly contribute to meeting those goals. The modern fixation with multitasking and having it all has paradoxically resulted in accomplished, motivated people doing many relatively unimportant things poorly while neglecting their true goals because they are afraid of refusing any request… PLEASE NOTE: This is key takeaways and analysis of the book and NOT the original book. Inside this Instaread of Essentialism:Overview of the bookImportant PeopleKey TakeawaysAnalysis of Key Takeaways

The Development of Social Essentialism

The Development of Social Essentialism
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2020-06-19
ISBN: 0128200871
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Development of Social Essentialism Book Excerpt:

Expecting a gentle baby tiger to inevitably grow up to be ferocious, a young girl growing up in a household of boys to prefer princesses to toy trucks, or that liberals and conservatives are fundamentally different kinds of people, all reflect a conceptual commitment to psychological essentialism. Psychological essentialism is a pervasive conceptual bias to think that some everyday categories reflect the real, underlying, natural structure of the world. Whereas essentialist thought can sometimes be useful, it is often problematic, particularly when people rely on essentialist thinking to understand groups of people, including those based on gender, race, ethnicity, or religion. This Volume will bring together diverse theoretical and methodological perspectives on how essentialist thinking about the social world develops in childhood and on the implications of these beliefs for children’s social behavior and intergroup relations more generally. This volume draws on diverse theoretical perspectives from psychology, philosophy, and linguistics, and empirical work from experiments with children and cross-cultural studies to provide a comprehensive view of how social essentialism develops. This volume addresses the link between cognition (essentialist beliefs) and social behavior, with implications for prejudice, morality, the justice system, and inter-group relations. By drawing on a diverse evidence base, this volume addresses how beliefs emerge from the interplay among children’s conceptual biases and their social experiences.

Real Essentialism

Real Essentialism
Author: David S. Oderberg
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2007-11-13
ISBN: 1134348851
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Real Essentialism Book Excerpt:

Real Essentialism presents a comprehensive defence of neo-Aristotelian essentialism. Do objects have essences? Must they be the kinds of things they are in spite of the changes they undergo? Can we know what things are really like – can we define and classify reality? Many if not most philosophers doubt this, influenced by centuries of empiricism, and by the anti-essentialism of Wittgenstein, Quine, Popper, and other thinkers. Real Essentialism reinvigorates the tradition of realist, essentialist metaphysics, defending the reality and knowability of essence, the possibility of objective, immutable definition, and its relevance to contemporary scientific and metaphysical issues such as whether essence transcends physics and chemistry, the essence of life, the nature of biological species, and the nature of the person.

The Logic of Essentialism

The Logic of Essentialism
Author: P. Thom
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400916639
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Logic of Essentialism Book Excerpt:

Aristotle's modal syllogistic has been an object of study ever since the time of Theophrastus; but these studies (apart from an intense flowering in the Middle Ages) have been somewhat desultory. Remarkably, in the 1990s several new lines of research have appeared, with series of original publications by Fred Johnson, Richard Patterson and Ulrich Nortmann. Johnson presented for the first time a formal semantics adequate to a de re reading of the apodeictic syllogistic; this was based on a simple intuition linking the modal syllogistic to Aristotelian metaphysics. Nortmann developed an ingenious de dicto analysis. Patterson articulated the links (both theoretical and genetic) between the modal syllogistic and the metaphysics, using an analysis which strictly speaking is neither de re nor de dicto. My own studies in this field date from 1976, when my colleague Peter Roeper and I jointly wrote a paper "Aristotle's apodeictic syllogisms" for the XXIInd History of Logic Conference in Krakow. This paper contained the disjunctive reading of particular affirmative apodeictic propositions, which I still favour. Nonetheless, I did not consider that paper's results decisive or comprehensive enough to publish, and my 1981 book The Syllogism contained no treatment of the modal syllogism. The paper's ideas lay dormant till 1989, when I read Johnson's and Patterson's initial articles. I began publishing on the topic in 1991. Gradually my thoughts acquired a certain comprehensiveness and systematicity, till in 1993 I was able to take a semester's sabbatical to write up a draft of this book.

Haecceities Essentialism Identity and Abstraction

Haecceities  Essentialism  Identity  and Abstraction
Author: Jeffrey Strayer
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2017-01-23
ISBN: 9004338446
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Haecceities Essentialism Identity and Abstraction Book Excerpt:

Haecceities: Essentialism, Identity, and Abstraction is an artistic and philosophical examination of the limits of Abstraction in art and of kinds of radical identity determined in the identification of those limits. Strayer’s results challenge common notions of art and identity.

J rn Utzon and Transcultural Essentialism

J  rn Utzon and Transcultural Essentialism
Author: Adrian Carter,Marja Sarvimäki
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2021-11-05
ISBN: 1000457931
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

J rn Utzon and Transcultural Essentialism Book Excerpt:

This book introduces and defines the burgeoning concepts of transculturalism and essentialism and how they relate to one another, as articulated with reference to the work of Jørn Utzon. It introduces critical contemporary perspectives of the design thinking and career of this renowned Danish architect, internationally recognised for his competition-winning, iconic design for the Sydney Opera House – an outstanding exemplar of transcultural essentialism in architecture. Transcultural essentialism is analysed through the lens of critical regionalism and architectural phenomenology, with emphasis on the sense of place and tectonics in Utzon’s architectural works. It provides a new understanding of the Danish architect as an early proponent of a still emergent and increasingly relevant direction in architecture. Going beyond biographical studies, it presents a more comprehensive understanding of the broad range of transcultural influences that formed his thinking. The volume includes numerous previously unpublished photographs, drawings, and interviews with Utzon’s family members, former students, and colleagues, offering a significant contribution to the existing body of knowledge for any architecture scholar interested in Utzon’s work and design principles. The book also comprises a Foreword by eminent architecture theorist Juhani Pallasmaa in which he provides insights into the wider architectural and cultural context of Utzon’s worldview.

Essentialism Your Guide to The Power of Less Set your Mind with Practical Tips to Make Your Life More Manageable and Become a Happy Essentialist

Essentialism  Your Guide to The Power of Less Set your Mind with Practical Tips to Make Your Life More Manageable and Become a Happy Essentialist
Author: Mark Creed
Publsiher: Lulu Press, Inc
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-09-04
ISBN: 1312906421
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentialism Your Guide to The Power of Less Set your Mind with Practical Tips to Make Your Life More Manageable and Become a Happy Essentialist Book Excerpt:

Can the search for something more be answered by something less—less stress, less clutter, less frantic racing to the next task or obligation? Essentialism is not just about clearing and organizing the space around you. It is also about clearing your brain so that you function better mentally. When you free yourself of time vampires, you will have the freedom to pursue what really matters to you. • Are you exhausted from trying to do it all, to be all things to all people, to achieve in every area of your life? • Do you focus on your most urgent tasks but fail to do your most important tasks? • Do you struggle to say the little word no? • Do you end your day unsure that you accomplished anything? If where you are now is the opposite of essentialism (an upgrade on the concept of minimalism), figuring out where to start can be overwhelming. Let Essentialism: Your Guide to the Power of Less guide you through the process of getting more by clearing out what does not contribute to your happiness and physical and mental health. “The core of being an essentialist is to embrace the lifestyle to seek out what genuinely matters and to let everything else contributing to the distracting fog of our lives go,” explains author Mark Creed. Essentialism will help you: • Understand why you keep things—the answer is different for different people • Give yourself permission to stop trying to do it all, so that you have time and energy for what is most important • Learn the three strategies for becoming an essentialist. You do not have to go to extremes for the philosophy of essentialism to improve your life. Buy Essentialism: Your Guide to the Power of Less today if you want to clear the clutter around you and inside you.

Slavery and Essentialism in Highland Madagascar

Slavery and Essentialism in Highland Madagascar
Author: Denis Regnier
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2020-12-11
ISBN: 1000182428
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Slavery and Essentialism in Highland Madagascar Book Excerpt:

This book explores the prejudice against slave descendants in highland Madagascar and its persistence more than a century after the official abolition of slavery. ‘Unclean people’ is a widespread expression in the southern highlands of Madagascar, and refers to people of alleged slave descent who are discriminated against on a daily basis and in a variety of ways. Denis Regnier shows that prejudice is rooted in a strong case of psychological essentialism: free descendants think that ‘slaves’ have a ‘dirty’ essence that is impossible to cleanse. Regnier’s field experiments question the widely accepted idea that the social stigma against slavery is a legacy of pre-colonial society. He argues, to the contrary, that the essentialist construal of ‘slaves’ is the outcome of the historical process triggered by the colonial abolition of slavery: whereas in pre-abolition times slaves could be cleansed through ritual means, the abolition of slavery meant that slaves were transformed only superficially into free persons, while their inner essence remained unchanged and became progressively constructed as ‘forever unchangeable’. Based on detailed fieldwork, this volume will be of interest to scholars of anthropology, African studies, development studies, cultural psychology, and those looking at the legacy of slavery.

New Educational Philosophy

New Educational Philosophy
Author: Bhagirathi Sahu
Publsiher: Sarup & Sons
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9788176253178
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Educational Philosophy Book Excerpt:

Toward Non Essentialist Sociolinguistics

Toward Non Essentialist Sociolinguistics
Author: Karol Janicki
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 147
Release: 2019-07-22
ISBN: 3110874350
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toward Non Essentialist Sociolinguistics Book Excerpt:

CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF LANGUAGE brings to students, researchers and practitioners in all of the social and language-related sciences carefully selected book-length publications dealing with sociolinguistic theory, methods, findings and applications. It approaches the study of language in society in its broadest sense, as a truly international and interdisciplinary field in which various approaches, theoretical and empirical, supplement and complement each other. The series invites the attention of linguists, language teachers of all interests, sociologists, political scientists, anthropologists, historians etc. to the development of the sociology of language.

The SAGE Dictionary of Cultural Studies

The SAGE Dictionary of Cultural Studies
Author: Chris Barker
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 211
Release: 2004-06-09
ISBN: 9780761973416
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The SAGE Dictionary of Cultural Studies Book Excerpt:

Contains over 200 entries on key concepts and theorists of cultural studies.

Essentialism and the Negro Problem

Essentialism and the Negro Problem
Author: Edward D. Kennard
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 331
Release: 1924
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: African Americans
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentialism and the Negro Problem Book Excerpt:

Public Policy Evaluation Meta evaluation and Essentialism

Public Policy Evaluation  Meta evaluation  and Essentialism
Author: Raymond J. Apthorpe,D. Gasper
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 45
Release: 1979
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Agriculture, Cooperative
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Public Policy Evaluation Meta evaluation and Essentialism Book Excerpt:

Essentialism in the Thought of Karl Marx

Essentialism in the Thought of Karl Marx
Author: Scott Meikle
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 195
Release: 1985
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentialism in the Thought of Karl Marx Book Excerpt:

The Innate Mind

The Innate Mind
Author: Peter Carruthers,Stephen Laurence,Stephen Stich
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2005-07-14
ISBN: 0190292628
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Innate Mind Book Excerpt:

This is the first volume of a projected three-volume set on the subject of innateness. The extent to which the mind is innate is one of the central questions in the human sciences, with important implications for many surrounding debates. By bringing together the top nativist scholars in philosophy, psychology, and allied disciplines these volumes provide a comprehensive assessment of nativist thought and a definitive reference point for future nativist inquiry. The Innate Mind: Structure and Content, concerns the fundamental architecture of the mind, addressing such question as: What capacities, processes, representations, biases, and connections are innate? How do these innate elements feed into a story about the development of our mature cognitive capacities, and which of them are shared with other members of the animal kingdom? The editors have provided an introduction giving some of the background to debates about innateness and introducing each of the subsequent essays, as well as a consolidated bibliography that will be a valuable reference resource for all those interested in this area. The volume will be of great importance to all researchers and students interested in the fundamental nature and powers of the human mind. Together, the three volumes in the series will provide the most intensive and richly cross-disciplinary investigation of nativism ever undertaken. They point the way toward a synthesis of nativist work that promises to provide a new understanding of our minds and their place in the natural order.

Biological Individuality

Biological Individuality
Author: Scott Lidgard,Lynn K. Nyhart
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 367
Release: 2017-05-24
ISBN: 022644645X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Individuality Book Excerpt:

Introduction: working together on individuality / Lynn K. Nyhart and Scott Lidgard -- The work of biological individuality: concepts and contexts / Scott Lidgard and Lynn K. Nyhart -- Cells, colonies, and clones: individuality in the volvocine algae / Matthew D. Herron -- Individuality and the control of life cycles / Beckett Sterner -- Discovering the ties that bind: cell-cell communication and the development of cell sociology / Andrew S. Reynolds -- Alternation of generations and individuality, 1851 / Lynn K. Nyhart and Scott Lidgard -- Spencer's evolutionary entanglement: from liminal individuals to implicit collectivities / Snait Gissis -- Biological individuality and enkapsis: from Martin Heidenhain's synthesiology to the völkisch national community / Olivier Rieppel -- Parasitology, zoology, and society in France, ca. 1880-1920 / Michael A. Osborne -- Metabolism, autonomy, and individuality / Hannah Landecker -- Bodily parts in the structure-function dialectic / Ingo Brigandt -- Commentaries: historical, biological, and philosophical perspectives -- Distrust that particular intuition: resilient essentialisms and empirical challenges in the history of biological individuality / James Elwick -- Biological individuality: a relational reading / Scott F. Gilbert -- Philosophical dimensions of individuality / Alan C. Love and Ingo Brigandt